BIRDS of THE WORLD - An Online Bird Book


Order Passeriformes    Family Tyrannidae

The tyrant flycatchers (Tyrannidae) occur throughout North and South America. They are now considered the largest family of birds on Earth, with around 400 species. As could be expected from a family this large, the members vary greatly in habitat, shape, patterns and colors. Some Tyrant flycatchers superficially resemble the Old World flycatchers. Most, but not all, are rather plain, and many have erectile crests. Most are insectivorous, but some will eat fruit or small vertebrates.

The Tyrannidae family is presented in these web pages:
1) Tyrants, Black-Tyrants, Tit-Tyrants  2) Pygmy Tyrants, Tody-Flycatchers, Tody-Tyrants
3) Tyrants, Bush-Tyrants, Chat-Tyrants, Ground-Tyrants, Shrike Tyrants; Monjitas
4) Tyrannulets   5) Doradito, Elaenia, Tachuri  
6) Flycatchers, Spadebills, Twistwings  7) Flycatchers, Pewees, Phoebes
8) Flycatchers, Attilas, Flatbills, Sirystes  9) Flycatchers, Kingbirds, Kiskadees

Pygmy-Tyrant,  Tody-Flycatcher,  Tody-Tyrant

Genus Atalotriccus - 1 species

Tyrant,_Pale-eyed_Pygmy-  Atalotriccus pilaris  Found: mainly Panama, Columbia, Venezuela; also Brazil, Guyana
Image by: 1, 2) Cornell_Univ's_Neotropical_Birds_Online - Jorge_Munoz_García, Jay_McGowan   3) Nick Athanas - Columbia

Genus Euscarthmus

Tyrant,_Rufous-sided_Pygmy-  Euscarthmus rufomarginatus  Found: mainly Brazil; also Bolivia, Paraguay
The Rufous-sided Pygmy-Tyrant has dull brown upperparts; pale buffy supercilium; 2 dull buff wing-bars; white throat; rufous breast, flanks.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Brazil  2) Joao_Quental

Tyrant,_Tawny-crowned_Pygmy-  Euscarthmus meloryphus  Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela.
The Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant has tawny upperparts; brighter tawny crown patch; white underparts.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  2) Dario_Sanches - Brazil  3) Amy_McAndrews - Peru

Genus Hemitriccus
The Pygmy-tyrants and Tody-tyrants.

Tyrant,_Brown-breasted_Pygmy-  Hemitriccus obsoletus  Found: Argentina, Brazil
The Brown-breasted Pygmy-Tyrant is similar to the Drab-breasted Pygmy-Tyant. It has brownish hue to breast.
Image by: 1) Francesco_Veronesi - Brazil  2) Claudio_Timm

Tyrant,_Drab-breasted_Pygmy-    Found: mainly southeast Brazil; also Argentian, Paraguay
The Drab-breasted Pygmy-Tyrant has olive upperparts; drab grayish underparts; pale loral area.
Image by: 1) qq - Brazil  2) Cornell_Univ's_Neotropical_Birds_Online - Cal Martins, Joao_Quental

Tyrant,_Flammulated_Pygmy-  Hemitriccus flammulatus  Found: Bolivia, Peru
The Flammulated Pygmy-Tyrant has mainly brown plumage; darker brown wings.
Image by: 1) Joao_Quental

Tyrant,_Acre_Tody-  Hemitriccus cohnhafti  Found:southwest Brazil
The Acre Tody-Tyrant has mainly olive upperparts; 2 bronzy wing-bars; pale olive throat, breast with creamy yellow streaks.
Image by: 1) Joao_Quental  Cornell_Univ's_Neotropical_Birds_Online - Joao_Quental, Andrew_Whittaker

Tyrant,_Black-throated_Tody-  Hemitriccus granadensis  Found: Venezuela to Bolivia
The Black-throated Tody-Tryant has olive-green upperparts, crown; black throat, pale lores; grayish-white underparts.
Image by: 1) Ana_Agreda  2, 3) Nick Athanas - Ecuador

Tyrant,_Boat-billed_Tody-  Hemitriccus josephinae  Found: northwest Brazil, the Guianas
The Boat-billed Tody-Tyrant has broad bill.
Image by: 1, 2) Cornell_Univ's_Neotropical_Birds_Online - Kurazo_Okada

Tyrant,_Buff-breasted_Tody-  Hemitriccus mirandae  Found: eastern Brazil
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas  2) Antonio_Pessoa

Tyrant,_Buff-throated_Tody-  Hemitriccus rufigularis  Found: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
The Buff-throated Tody-Tyrant has olive-green upperparts; grayer crown; dull buff neck sides, throat, upper-breast.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Ecuador

Tyrant,_Cinnamon-breasted_Tody-  Hemitriccus cinnamomeipectus  Found: southern Ecuador, northern Peru
The Cinnamon-breasted Tody-Tyrant has green upperparts;dull tawny eye-ring; tawny breast; yellow belly.
Image by: 1, 2) Ana_Agreda

Tyrant,_Eye-ringed_Tody-  Hemitriccus orbitatus  Found: Brazil
The Eye-ringed Tody-Tyrant has white eye-ring, loral line.
Image by: 1) Hector_Bottai  2) Dario_Sanches

Tyrant,_Fork-tailed_Tody-  Hemitriccus furcatus  Found: Brazil
The Fork-tailed Tody-Tyrant has a forked tail with white tip.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Brazil  2) Dario_Sanches

Tyrant,_Hangnest_Tody-  Hemitriccus nidipendulus  Found: Brazil
The Hangnest Tody-Tyrant has yellowish-green upperparts;  pale lores, eyes; whitish underparts. It utilizes a hanging nest, as is true for most tody-tyrants.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Brazil  2) Dario_Sanches  3) Savio Bruno

Tyrant,_Johannes's_Tody-  Hemitriccus iohannis  Found: mainly Bolivia, western Brazil, Peru; also southern Ecuador
Similar to: Striped-neck Tody-Tyrant. Striped-neck Tody-Tyrant has bolder streaks on it neck and breast than Johannes's Tody-Tyrant. Johannes's Tody-Tyrant has more obvious wing edging.
Image by: 1) Cornell_Univ's_Neotropical_Birds_Online - Joao_Quental

Tyrant,_Kaempfer's_Tody-  Hemitriccus kaempferi  Found: southeastern Brazil
The Kaempfer's tody-Tyrant has olive-green upperparts; paler underparts.
Image by:  1)  Claudio_Timm  2) Nick Athanas - Brazil

Tyrant,_Pearly-vented_Tody- Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer  Found: South America
The Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant has olive-brown upperparts; gray crown and nape; reddish-brown bill; off-white underparts with gray streaks.
Image by: 1) Dario Niz - Uruguay  2) Ron Knight - Columbia  3) Nick Athanas - Brazil

Tyrant,_Pelzzeln's_Tody-  Hemitriccus inornatus  Found: northern Brazil
The Pelzzeln's Tody-Tyrant  is most easily located by its stuttering, trilled vocalization, which is most similar to that of the Zimmer’s Tody-Tyrant.
Image by: 1) Anselmo_d’Affonseca

Tyrant,_Stripe-necked_Tody-  Hemitriccus striaticollis  Found: mainly Brazil; also Bolivia, Columbia, Peru
Similar to: Johannes's Tody-Tyrant. Striped-neck Tody-Tyrant has bolder streaks on it neck and breast than Johannes's Tody-Tyrant. Johannes's Tody-Tyran has more obvious wing edging.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Brazil  2, 3) Claudio_Timm

Tyrant,_White-bellied_Tody-  Hemitriccus griseipectus  Found: Bolivia, Brazil, Peru
The White-bellied Tody-Tyrant has olive-green upperparts; grayish white underparts; pale iris.
Image by: 1) Hector_Bottai - Brazil  2) Nick Athanas - Brazil

Tyrant,_White-eyeed_Tody-  Hemitriccus zosterops  Found: north of Amazon River
The White-eyee Tody-Tyrant is found in Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela.It has olive-green upperparts; grayish underpart with olive shading to breast; white eyes and narrow white eye-ring.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Columbia  2) Hector Bottai

Tyrant,_Zimmer's_Tody-  Hemitriccus minimus  Found: mainly Brazil; also Bolivia, Peru
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Brazil

Genus Lophotriccus

Tyrant,_Double-banded_Pygmy-  Lophotriccus vitiosus  Found: Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador,  the Guianas, Peru
The Double-banded Pygmy-Tyrant has olive upperparts; whitish underparts; yellowish flanks; black crest with rufous edges; pale wing-bars.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Columbia  2) Cornell_Univ's_Neotropical_Birds_Online - Kurazo_Okada in Brazil

Tyrant,_Helmented_Pygmy-  Lophotriccus galeatus  Found: Brazil, Columbia, the Guinanas, Venezuela
Image by: 1) Feroze_Omardeen - Guyana  2) Claudio_Timm - Brazil

Tyrant,_Long-crested_Pygmy-  Lophotriccus eulophotes  Found: mainly eastern Brazil; also Bolivia, Peru
The Long-crested Pygmy-Tyrant has olive upperparts; gray-streaked whitish underparts; no wing-bars.
Image by: 1) Hector_Bottai - Brazil  2) Cornell_Univ's_Neotropical_Birds_Online - Joe_Tobias

Tyrant,_Scale-crested_Pygmy-  Lophotriccus pileatus  Found: Hondoras to Columbia, Ecuador, Venezuela
The Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant has long black crown feathers edge with red.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  2) Chris_Jimenez  3) Tony_Castro - Ecuador

Genus Myiornis

Tyrant,_Black-capped_Pygmy-  Myiornis atricapillus  Found: Costa Rica, Panama, Columbia, Ecuador
The Black-capped Pygmy-Tyrant has bright upperparts; yellow wing edges; white lores, eye-ring, underparts. Male has gray head; male has black head.
Image by: 1, 2) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  3) Aaron_Maizlish - Panama

Tyrant,_Eared Pygmy-  Myiornis auricularis  Found: South America
The Eared Pygmy-Tyrant has olive upperparts; whitish throat streaked with black; dark wings and tail both with yellow outer edges; yellow underparts; large black arc behind the eye.
Similar to: White-bellied Pygmy-Tyrant. The Eared Pygmy-Tyran has a bigger ear patch than the White-bellied Pygmy-Tyrant.
Image by: 1) Claudio Timm  2) Dario Sanches - Brazil  3) Nick Athanas - Brazil

Tyrant,_Short-tailed_Pygmy-  Myiornis ecaudatus  Found: northern South America
The Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant has bright green upperparts; yellow wing edges; mainly gray head; white lores, eye-ring, underparts.
Image by: 1) Hector_Bottai - Brazil  2) Claudio_Timm  3)_Nick Athanas - Brazil  4) Feroze_Omardeen

Tyrant,_White-bellied_Pygmy-  Myiornis albiventris  Found: Bolivia, Peru
The White-bellied Pygmy-Tyrant has off-white underparts with faint streaks; dark ear arc.
Similar to: Eared Pygmy-Tyrant. The Eared Pygmy-Tyran has a bigger ear patch than the White-bellied Pygmy-Tyrant.
Image by:  1, 2) Cornell_Univ's_Neotropical_Birds_Online - Christophe_Gouraud on Peru  3) Nick Athanas - Ecuador

Genus Poecilotriccus

Flycatcher,_Black-and-white_Tody-   Poecilotriccus capitalis Found: Brazil, Columbia, Ecudor, Peru
The male Black-and-white Tody-Flycatcher has black upperparts; narrow white lores; mainly white underparts. Female has olive-green upperparts; rufous crown; grayish underparts.
Image by: 1) Arthur Grosset Cornell_Univ's_Neotropical_Birds_Online - Arthur_Grosset  2, 3) Nick Athanas - Ecuador
1) Female 2, 3) Male

Flycatcher,_Black-backed_Tody-  Poecilotriccus pulchellus  Found: Peru
The Black-backed Tody-Flycatcher has black upperparts (female dark olive) with yellow wing patches; white throat; yellow underparts; black eyes.
Image by: 1) Joaquin Ugarte Cornell_Univ's_Neotropical_Birds_Online - Gary_Rosenberg, Joaquín_Ugarte   2) Kristian Svensson

Flycatcher,_Buff-cheeked_Tody-   Poecilotriccus senex  Found: Brazil
The Buff-cheeked Tody has cinnamon_buff face; whitish underparts with streaking on throat, breast.
Image by: 1) Bruno_Rennó  Cornell_Univ's_Neotropical_Birds_Online - Bruno_Renno

Flycatcher,_Golden-winged_Tody-   Poecilotriccus calopterus Found: mainly Columbia, Ecuador; also northeastern Peru
The Golden-winged Tody-Flycatcher has black head; white throat; large yellow wing-bar; chestnut shoulder patch; bright yellow underparts.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  2) Cornell_Univ's_Neotropical_Birds_Online - Derek_Kverno

Flycatcher,_Johnson's_Tody- also Lulu's Tody-Flycatcher  Poecilotriccus luluae Found: Peru
The Johnson's Tody-Flycatcher has rufous head, nape.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Peru  2, 3) Cornell_Univ's_Neotropical_Birds_Online - Glenn_Bartley, Ian_Davies

Flycatcher, Ochre-faced Tody-  Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps   Found: South America
The Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher has olive upperparts; ochre face patch; gray crown; faint tawny wing-bar; light underparts. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay.
Image by:  1, 4) Claudio Timm - Brazil  2, 3) Dario Sanches - Brazil 

Flycatcher,_Ruddy_Tody-   Poecilotriccus russatus Found: southern Venezuela and adjacent Brazil, Guyana Image by: 1) Joseph_Smit  2) Jacomelli

Flycatcher,_Rufous-crowned_Tody-   Poecilotriccus ruficeps  Found: mainly Columbia, Ecuador, Venezuela; also Peru
The Rufous-crowned Tody-Flycatcher has olive back; blackish wings; 2 yellow wing-bars; rufous cap; grayish-white collar.
Image by: 1) Alejandro_Tamayo  2, 3) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  4) Ana_Agreda - Ecuador

Flycatcher,_Rusty-fronted_Tody-   Poecilotriccus latirostris  Found: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.
The Rufous-fronted Tody-Flycatcher has a rufous wash to lores, face, wingbars.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Brazil  2) Hector Bottai

Flycatcher,_Slate-headed_Tody-   Poecilotriccus sylvia  Found: Mexico, Central America, Columbia, the Guianas, Venezuela
The Slaty-headed Tody-Flycatcher has olive-green upperparts; dark gray head; pale lores; 2 yellow wing-bars.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Panama  2) Ron_Knight

Flycatcher,_Smoky-fronted_Tody-   Poecilotriccus fumifrons  Found: Brazil, French Guiana, Suriname
The Smoky-fronted Tody-Flycatcher has two buffy-yellow wingbars. It hs staccato and rather tuneless trills.
Image by: 1, 2) Cornell_Univ's_Neotropical_Birds_Online - Ciro_Albano, Rodrigo_Ferronato

Flycatcher,_White-cheeked_Tody-   Poecilotriccus albifacies  Found: Peru
Image by: 1)  1, 2) Cornell_Univ's_Neotropical_Birds_Online - Dubi_Shapiro

Genus Pseudotriccus

Tyrant,_Bronze-olive_Pygmy-  Pseudotriccus pelzelni  Found: Panama, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The Broze-olive Pygmy-Tyrant has dark olive upperparts tinged bronze on the mantle; paler olive underparts; dull whitish throat.
Image by: 1) Steve_Blain  2) Nick_Athanas  3) Tony_Castro - Ecuador

Tyrant,_Hazel-fronted_Pygmy-  Pseudotriccus simplex  Found: Bolivia, Peru
The Hazel-fronted Pygmy-Tyrant has dark olive upperparts; paler underparts; rusty-brown forecrown, face.
Image by: 1, 2) Joe_Tobias  Cornell_Univ's_Neotropical_Birds_Online - Joe_Tobias

Tyrant,_Rufous-headed_Pygmy-  Pseudotriccus ruficeps  Found: Bolivia, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The Rufous-headed Pygmy-Tyrant has mainly olive plumgage; lighter underparts; bright rufous head.
Image by: 1) Francisco_Enríquez - Ecuador  2) Cornell_Univ's_Neotropical_Birds_Online - Andres_Cuervo

Genus Taeniotriccus - 1 species

Tyrant,_Black-chested   Taeniotriccus andrei Found: Brazil, Suriname, Venezuela
The Black-chested Tyrant was formerly placed in genus Taeniotriccus. It has mainly black upperparts; some white on the wings; black breast, cap; whitish belly; mainly yellowish head.
Image by: 1) Hector_Bottai  2) Cornell_Univ's_Neotropical_Birds_Online - Silvia_Faustino_Linhares in Brazil

Genus Todirostrum
Todirostrum are small insectivorous flycatchers with bills that are notably long and relatively broad and flattened (recalling a tody,

Flycatcher,_Black-headed_Tody-   Todirostrum nigriceps Found: mainly Costa Rica, Panama, Columbia, Ecuador; also Venezuela
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Panama  2) Cornell_Univ's_Neotropical_Birds_Online - Bryan_Hix

Flycatcher,_Common_Tody-   Todirostrum cinereum  Found: South America
The Common Tody-Flycatcher has olive-green upperparts; black head; gray nape; yellow wing-bars, underparts; black bill; yellow iris.
Image by: 1, 2, 4) Dario Sanches - Brazil  3) Brian_Ralphs - Brazil  5) Barloventomagico - Venezuela  6) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica  7) Nick Athanas - Columbia

Flycatcher,_Gray-headed_Tody-  also Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher  Todirostrum poliocephalum Found: southeastern Brazil
The Gray-headed Tody-Flycatcher is also known as the Yellow-lored Flycatcher, It has olive upperparts; blackish-brown wings; black forehead; gray crown; yellow underparts.
Image by: 1) Dario_Sanches  2) Nick Athanas - Brazil  3) Ana_Carla_Azevedo

Flycatcher,_Maracaibo_Tody-   Todirostrum viridanum Found: near Lake Maracaibo in Venezuela
Image by: 1, 2) Cornell_Univ's_Neotropical_Birds_Online - Adriana_Rodríguez-Ferraro, Lermith_Torres

Flycatcher,_Painted_Tody-   Todirostrum pictum Found: Brazil, the Guyanas, Venezuela
The Painted Tody-Flycatcher has mainly green upperparts; yellow edging to wings; black head with white lores;
Image by: 1) Nick_Athanas - Suriname  2) Cornell_Univ's_Neotropical_Birds_Online - Kester_Clarke in Guyana

Flycatcher,_Spotted_Tody-   Todirostrum maculatum Found: Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador, the Guinanas, Venezuela
The Spotted Tody-Flycatcher has olive upperparts; gray head; streaked throat, breast.
Image by: 1) Jacek_Kisielewski 2) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  3, 5) Jerry Oldenettel - Venezuela  4) Claudio Timm

Flycatcher,_Yellow-browed_Tody-   Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum Found: Bolivia, Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The Yellow-browed Tody-Flycatcher has green upperparts; black head with yellow supercilium; bright yellow underparts. Some subspecies have black streaking on breast.
Image by: 1) Amy_McAndrews - Brazil  2) Nick Athanas - Ecuador

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