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PARROTS and Allies

The order Psittaciformes is comprised of the parrots and their allies. They are found in most warm and tropical regions. The greatest diversity of parrots is found in South America and Australasia. Characteristic features of parrots include a strong curved bill, an upright stance, and strong legs. Like woodpeckers, they have 2 toes pointing forward (digits 2, 3) and 2 toes pointing backward (digits 1, 4). Most parrots are predominantly green, with other bright colors. They generally exhibit little or no sexual dimorphism. The most important components of most parrots' diets are seeds, nuts, fruit, buds and other plant material. Almost all parrots nest in tree holes. Parrots are some of the most intelligent birds, and the ability of some parrot species to imitate human voices enhances their popularity as pets.

These links lead to Psittaciformes web pages. All are members of family Psittacidae except cockatoos which are family Cacatuoidea.


South American Macaws

Order Psittaciformes    Family Psittacidae

Macaws are New World parrots. There are often quite colorful and with a large bill. Most have substantial bare facial skin.


Genus Anodorhynchus

Macaw, Hyacinth  Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus  Found: South America
The Hyacinth Macaw has blue plumage; black bill; yellow bare skin on either side of lower mandible; yellow eye-ring. This is the heaviest parrot.
Similar to: Lear's Macaw. The Hyacinth Macaw is much larger than the Lear's Macaw. Lear's Macaw has a larger yellow spot near the base of the beak.
Image by:  1) Dick Daniels - Jungle Island of Miami  2) Dick - Sylvan Heights    3) Sandy Cole - Jungle Island of Miami  4) Dick - San Diego Zoo


Macaw, Lear's  also  Indigo Macaw  Anodorhynchus leari Found: Brazil
The Lear's Macaw has blue plumage with a greenish tinge on the head and neck; black bill; yellow bare skin on either side of lower mandible; yellow eye-ring.
Similar to: Hyacinth Macaw. The Hyacinth Macaw is much larger than the Lear's Macaw. Lear's Macaw has a larger yellow spot near the base of the bill.
Image by: 1) Marcos Pereira   2) Shankarr Kalyanaraaman  3)  Nick Athans



Genus Ara

Macaw, Blue-and-yellow  also Blue-and-gold Macaw Ara ararauna   Found: South America
The Blue-and-yellow Macaw has blue upperparts; yellow underparts; green forehead; white face with black lines around eyes; black bill.
Image by:  1, 2, 5) Dick Daniels - Jungle Island of Miami    3) Sandy Cole - World of Birds, South Africa  4) Dick - Birds of Eden, South Africa  6) Sandy - Butterfly World in Florida



Macaw, Bule-throated  Ara glaucogularis  Found: Bolivia
The Blue-thoated Macaw has blue upperparts, head, throat; yellow underparts, side of neck; black bill.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo  2) Dick - Jungle Island of Miami


Macaw, Chestnut-fronted Ara severus  Found: North America (escapees ), South America
The Chestnut-fronted Macaw has mainly green plumage; chestnut-brown forehead; red and blue patches on wings; black bill; white bare facial skin. In aviculture, the Chestnut-fronted Macaw is known as one of the mini-macaws (length < 50 cm).
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - Jungle Island of Miami  4) Sandy Cole - Jungle Island


Macaw, Great Green also Buffon's Macaw  Ara ambiguus  Found: Central and South America
The Great Green Macaw has mainly green plumage; red forehead; black bill; blue flight feathers; pink or white bare facial skin with brown feathered lines.
Similar to: Military Macaw. The Great Green Macaw is somewhat larger and has a darker upper mandible than the Milatary Macaw.
Image by: 1) Alois Staudacher - Zoo Schmiding  2) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights  3) Ruth Rogers   4) Dick - Summit Zoo, Panama


Macaw, Military  Ara militaris  Found: Mexico, Central America, South America
The Military Macaw has mainly green plumage; red forehead; gray-black bill; blue flight feathers; red tail bordered with blue; pink or white bare facial skin with black feathered lines.
Similar to: Great Green Macaw. The Great Green Macaw is somewhat larger and has a darker upper beak than the Milatary Macaw.
Image by: 1) Petr Kosina - Mexico   2, 3) Dick Daniels - Puerto Rico at the Mayaquez Zoo   4) Jorge Montejo - Mexico


Macaw, Red-fronted  Ara rubrogenys  Found: Bolivia
The Red-fronted Macaw has mainly green plumage; red fore-crown, forehead; pinkish skin around eyes extending to bill.
Image by: 1) Doug Janson - Jurong Bird Park, Singapore  2)   Doug Wertman - Tulsa Zoo


Macaw, Red-and-green also Green-winged Macaw  Ara chloropterus  Found: South America
The Red-and-green Macaw has bright mantle, red head, neck, breast; green wings; blue lower back, rump, tail coverts; white face with red lines around eyes; mainly white upper mandible; black lower mandible.
Similar to: Scarlet Macaw.  Red-and-green Macaw has green on the upper-wing covert feathers; Scarlet Macaw has yellow or yellow and green.
Image by:  1) Arno Meintjes  2) Dick Daniels - Butterfly World, Florida  3) Dick - Jungle Island, Florida  4, 5) Dick - National Aviary  6) Dick - San Francisco Zoo


Macaw, Scarlet  Ara macao    Found: South America
The Scarlet Macaw has bright red mantle,head, neck, breast; green wings; blue lower back, rump, tail coverts; white face with red lines around eyes; mainly white upper mandible; black lower mandible.
Similar to: Red-and-green Macaw.  Red-and-green Macaw has green on the upper-wing covert feathers; Scarlet Macaw has yellow or yellow and green.
Image by:  1, 2) Dick Daniels - Jungle Island of Miami  3, 4) Sandy Cole - Jungle Island   5) Dick - Aviary, Puerto Rico




Genus Diopsittaca - 1 species

Macaw, Red-shouldered  Diopsittaca nobilis  Found: South America
The Red-shouldered Macaw has mainly green plumage; red wing coverts;  bluish forehead; white facial skin. It is the smallest macaw. In aviculture, the Red-shouldered Macaw is known as one of the mini-macaws (length < 50 cm).
Image by: 1) Walter Maier  2) Chad Bordes - Brazil  3) Nick Athans - Brazil
1) D. n. nobilis  2) D. n. cumanensis  3)lD. n. longipennis



Genus Orthopsittaca - 1 species

Macaw, Red-bellied  Orthopsittaca manilata  Found: Amazon region of South America
The Red-bellied Macaw has mainly green plumage; blue fore-crown; bare yellow facial skin; brownish-red belly.
In aviculture, the Red-bellied Macaw is known as one of the mini-macaws (length < 50 cm).
Similar to: Blue-winged Macaw. Red-bellied Macaw has a bluer crown and blacker bill than the blue-winged Macaw.
Image by: 1) Michael Nichel  2) A M Moraes - Brazil  3) Nick Athans - Brazil
1) Juvenile



Genus Primolius

Macaw, Blue-headed  Primolius couloni  Found: South America
The Blue-headed Macaw has mainly green plumage; blue head. flight feathers; blue-gray facial skin; greenish-yellow under-wing, under-tail; ivory colored upper mandible; white iris. In aviculture, the Blue-headed Macaw is known as one of the mini-macaws (length < 50 cm).
Image by: 1,  2, 3, 4) Dick Daniels - Jungle Island of Miami 


Macaw, Blue-winged also Illiger's Macaw  Primolius maracana  Found: South America
The Blue-winged Macaw has mainly green plumage; bluish crown, head; yellowish facial skin; red lower belly, lower back; black bill. In aviculture, the Blue-heade Macaw is known as one of the mini-macaws (length < 50 cm).
Similar to: Red-bellied Macaw. Red-bellied Macaw has a bluer crown and blacker bill than the blue-winged Macaw.
Image by: 1) Jochium Muller - Off Moroccco 2) Arthur Chapman   3) Nick Athans - Brazil


Macaw, Yellow-collared  also  Golden-collared Macaw  Primolius auricollis  Found: South America
The Yellow-collared Macaw has mainly green plumage; brownish-black crown; yellow collar; bare white facial skin; dull pink legs. In aviculture, the Yellow-collared Macaw is known as one of the mini-macaws (length < 50 cm).
Image by: 1) Francis de Laporte de Castelnau  2) Nick Athans - Brazil  3) Pat McGrath   4) Rebecca O'connor




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