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PARROTS and Allies

The order Psittaciformes is comprised of the parrots and their allies. They are found in most warm and tropical regions. The greatest diversity of parrots is found in South America and Australasia. Characteristic features of parrots include a strong curved bill, an upright stance, and strong legs. Like woodpeckers, they have 2 toes pointing forward (digits 2, 3) and 2 toes pointing backward (digits 1, 4). Most parrots are predominantly green, with other bright colors. They generally exhibit little or no sexual dimorphism. The most important components of most parrots' diets are seeds, nuts, fruit, buds and other plant material. Almost all parrots nest in tree holes. Parrots are some of the most intelligent birds, and the ability of some parrot species to imitate human voices enhances their popularity as pets.

These links lead to Psittaciformes web pages. All are members of family Psittacidae except cockatoos which are family Cacatuoidea.


Australasian Cockatoos ´

Order Psittaciformes    Family Cacatuidae


The cockatoos, along with their allies the cockatiel and corellas, are plain colored parrots that have thick curved beaks and crested heads. They are native to Australasia and Indonesia.

Genus Cacatua
The cockatoos and corellas have white plumage that is tinged with pink or yellow in some species. All species have a crest, the size varying from species to species. When erect there is often yellow visible in the crest.

Cockatoo,_Blue-eyed  Cacatua ophthalmica  Found: New Britain in Papua New Guinea
The Blue-eyed Cockatoo has mainly white plumage; blue facial skin eye-ring; yellow and white mobile crest; black bill; dark gray legs.
Similar to: Sulphur-crested Cockatoo. Blue-eyed Cockatoo has much bolder blue eye-ring than Sulphur-crested Cockatoo.
Similar to: Yellow-crested Cockatoo. Blue-eyed Cockatoo has much bolder blue eye-ring than Yellow-crested Cockatoo.
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova  2, 3) Christian Strobbe - Walsrode Bird Park, Germany.


Cockatoo, Ducorps'  also Solomons Cockatoo  Cacatua ducorpsii  Found: Australasia (Solomon Islands)
The Ducorp's Cockatoo has white plumage; blue eye-ring; recumbent crest.
Image by: 1) Lori Riely  2) Tony Morris - Guadalcanal  3) Kathy Lewis


Cockatoo,_Philippine   also  Red-vented Cockatoo   Cacatua haematuropygia  Found: Philippines
The Philippine Cockatoo has mainly white plumage; reddish lower-belly and under-tail coverts; pale blue skin around eyes; yellow tinged under-wing, under-tail; whitish bill.
Image by: 1) Jacobusmulder - Palawan, Philippines  2) Yann_Muzika


Cockatoo,_Salmon-crested  also  Moluccan Cockatoo  Cacatua moluccensis  Found: Moluccas in eastern Indonesia.
The Salmon-crested Cockatoo has pinkish-white plumage; salmon-colored crest visible when raised; some yellow on under-wing, under-tail; white eye-ring; black bill.
Image by: 1) Len_Charnoff  2) Ltshears  3) Adilson Borszcz  4) Len Charnoff 


Cockatoo, Sulphur-crested Cacatua galerita  Found: North America (escapees), Australasia, Indonesia
The Sulphur-crested Cockatoo has mainly white plumage; yellow tinged under-wing, under-tail;  yellow crest; black bill; gray legs; whitish eye-ring. Male has blackish eyes; female has reddish or brown eyes.
Similar to
: Blue-eyed Cockatoo. Blue-eyed Cockatoo has much bolder blue eye-ring than Sulphur-crested Cockatoo.
Similar to: Yellow-crested Cockatoo.  Sulphur-crested Cockatoo is much larger than Yellow-crested Cockatoo. Sulphur-crested Cockatoo's crest is darker than Yellow-crested's. Yellow-crested Cockatoo has faint yellow on cheeks.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - Birds of Eden  2, 5, 6) Dick - Sydney, Australia  3) Tatiana Gerus - Australia   4) Sandy Cole - Flamingo Gardens in Florida



Cockatoo, White also Umbrella Cockatoo  Cacatua alba   Found: Indonesia
The White Cockatoo has mainly white plumage; some yelllow on under-wing and under-tail; brown or black eyes; dark gray bill.
Image by: 1) Valerie_Everett   2) Dick Daniels - Jungle Island of Miami   3) Sandy Cole - Sylvan Heights  4) Dick - Sylvan Heights 


Cockatoo, Yellow-Crested   Cacatua sulphurea  Found: Indonesia
The Yellow-crested Cockatoo has mainly white plumate; yellow crest; bluish-white orbital skin; black bill; gary feet.
Similar to: Blue-eyed Cockatoo. Blue-eyed Cockatoo has much bolder blue eye-ring than Yellow-crested Cockatoo.
Similar to: Sulpher-crested Cockatoo.  Sulphur-crested Cockatoo is much larger than Yellow-crested Cockatoo. Sulphur-crested Cockatoo's crest is darker than Yellow-crested's. Yellow-crested Cockatoo has faint yellow on cheeks.
Image by: 1) Darren  2)   Snowmanradio   3) Nicola Bonazzi - Sydney  4) Dick Daniels - Birds of Eden, South Africa
4) Cockatoo, Citron-crested  Cacatua s. citrinocristata


Corella,_Little Cacatua sanguinea   Found: Australia, southern New Guinea
The Little Corella has mainly white plumage; blue eye-ring; pink lores.
Image by: 1, 3) Brett Donald  2) Geoff_Whalan  4) Gregory_Smith


Corella,_Long-billed  Cacatua tenuirostris     Found: Australia
The Long-billed Corella has mainly white plumage; blue oribital skin; light pink face; reddish-pink lores and breast mark, Yellowish under-wings, under-tail.
Image by: 1) Ron_Knight  2) patrickkavanagh  3) Melissa  4) David_Jenkins


Corella, Tanimbar  Cacatua goffiniana  Found: Tanimbar Islands archipelago in Indonesia
The Tanimbar Corella has mainly white plumage; pink lores; yellow tinged under-wing, under-tail; pale gray bill; brown to black eyes; white eye-ring.
Similar to: Little Corella. The ranges of Little Corella and Tanimbar Corella do not overlap. Little Corella has bluish eye-ring; Tanimbar Corella has white eye-ring.
Image by: 1) Sam at www.photos8.com  2) Lip Kee - Tanimbar Island, Indonesia 3) Jonathan Cheah Weng Kwong


Corella, Western  Cacatua pastinator  Found: southwest Australia
The Western Corella has mainly white plumage; large are of blue facial skin around the eyes; pink lores; yellowish under-tail; pail bill.
Image by: 1) Steve Wilson - Blackpool Zoo, London  2) Steve Forsyth - Perth



Genus Callocephalon - 1 species

Cockatoo, Gang-gang  Callocephalon fimbriatum  Found: Australia
The Gang-gang Cockatoo has mainly gray plumage. The male has a red head, crest; female has gray head and slight gray crest.
Image by: 1, 4) David Cook  - Wamboin, NSW, Australia  2) Martyman - Australian National Botanic Gardens   3  Peter_Shanks
1) Pair 2) Female 3, 4) Male



Genus Calyptorhynchus
These mainly black cockatoos are found in Australia.

Cockatoo, Glossy Black-  Calyptorhynchus lathami  Found: Australia
The Glossy Black-Cockatoo has mainly black plumae; red tail band. Female has yellow spots on head.
Image by: 1, 2) David Cook  - Crowdy Bay National Park  3) Aviceda - Queensland 
1) Pair  2) Female  3) Male


Cockatoo, Long-billed Black-  also  Baudin's Black-Cockatoo  Calyptorhynchus baudinii  Found: southwestern Australia
The Long-billed Black-Cockatoo has mainly dark-gray plumage with light gray scalloping; whitish ear coverts. Male has dark gray bill; pink eye-rings. Female has ivory colored bill; gray eye-rings; brown-gray legs.
Similar to: Short-billed Black-Cockatoo. The Short-billed Black-Cockatoo and the Long-billed Black-Cockatoo are collectively referred to as White-tailed Black-Cockatoos. The Long-billed Cockatoo has a longer and thinner bill than the Short-billed Cockatoo.
Image by: 1) Edward Lear  2, 3) Rick01 - Western Australia
1, 2) Female  3) Male


Cockatoo, Red-tailed Black- Calyptorhynchus banksii   Found: Australia
The Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo has mainly black plumage; light colored bill; has some red panels on the tail. Female has some yellowish-red spots.
Image by: 1) gAbY  2) lostandcold  3) Dick Daniels - Kuranda Bird World - Australia  4) Dick - Jungle Island of Miami   5) Geoff_Whalan - AU
1, 2) Male left; female right   3, 4) Female  5) Male



Cockatoo, Short-billed Black-  also  Carnaby's Black-Cockatoo  Calyptorhynchus latirostris  Found: southwestern Australia
The Short-billed Black-Cockatoo has mainly dark-gray plumage with light gray scalloping; whitish ear coverts. Male has dark gray bill; pink eye-rings. Female has ivory colored bill; gray eye-rings; brown-gray legs.
Similar to: Long-billed Black-Cockatoo. The Short-billed Black-Cockatoo and the Long-billed Black-Cockatoo are collectively referred to as White-tailed Black-Cockatoos. The Long-billed Cockatoo has a longer and thinner bill than the Short-billed Cockatoo.
Image by: 1, 3) Ralph Green - Perth  2) PS Jeremy
1, 2) Female  3) Male


Cockatoo, Yellow-tailed Black   Calyptorhynchus funereus    Found: Australia
The Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoo has mainly dark gray plumage; yellowish ear coverts, white tail band. Male has dark gray bill; pink eye-rings. Female has ivory colored bill; gray eye-rings; brown-gray legs.
Image by:  1) JJ Harrison in Tasmania Australia  2, 3, 4) David Cook - Wamboin, NSW, Australia
2) Male (via red eye-ring)



Genus Eolophus - 1 species

Galah also Galah Cockatoo  also Rose-breasted Cockatoo   Eolophus roseicapillus   Found: Australia
The Galah has gray upperparts with lighter crown and crest; pinkish-gray underparts; ivory colored bill.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - Australia  2) Dick - Jungle Island of Miami  3) Alexandre_Roux  4) David Cook    
1) Juvenile



Genus Lophochroa - 1 species

Cockatoo, Pink also Major Mitchell's Cockatoo    Lophochroa leadbeateri   Found: Australia
The Pink Cockatoo has mainly pinkish-white plumage; pink and orange creast.
Image by: 1, 2) David Cook - Bowra Station, via Cunnamulla, Queensland   3) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights



Genus Nymphicus - 1 species

Cockatiel Nymphicus hollandicus   Found: North America (escapees), Australia
The Cockatiel is a popular bird in aviculuture and many various colors have been developed. These have escaped into the wild and influenced that population. The wild type has primarily gray plumage; round orange ear coverts. Wild male has white or yellow face; female has grayer face.
Image by:  1) Quimby  2) Sandy Cole - Birds of Eden, South Africa  3) Dick Daniels - Birds of Eden   4) Trisha Shears  5) Jana  6) Ken and Nyetta  7) Jes
1) Pair




Genus Probosciger - 1 species

Cockatoo,_Palm  Probosciger aterrimus   Found: Australia
The Palm Cockatoo is a large gray bird. It has a large gray crest; large bill; check patch of varying color, often red.
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - Jungle Island of Miami   3) Arthur Chapman - Bird Park in Kuala Lumpur  4) Mike - Australia




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