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PARROTS and Allies

The order Psittaciformes is comprised of the parrots and their allies. They are found in most warm and tropical regions. The greatest diversity of parrots is found in South America and Australasia. Characteristic features of parrots include a strong curved bill, an upright stance, and strong legs. Like woodpeckers, they have 2 toes pointing forward (digits 2, 3) and 2 toes pointing backward (digits 1, 4). Most parrots are predominantly green, with other bright colors. They generally exhibit little or no sexual dimorphism. The most important components of most parrots' diets are seeds, nuts, fruit, buds and other plant material. Almost all parrots nest in tree holes. Parrots are some of the most intelligent birds, and the ability of some parrot species to imitate human voices enhances their popularity as pets.

These links lead to Psittaciformes web pages. All are members of family Psittacidae except cockatoos which are family Cacatuoidea.


Australasian Lories and Lorikeets

Order Psittaciformes    Family Psittacidae   

The tongues of lories and lorikeets have small hairs that aid in the collection of nectar and pollen. Their diet also includes fruit. They are active birds, and seem to have a sense of humor. That, plus the fact that many are very colorful has made them popular pets. They occur naturally in Australasia, Indonesia, and southeastern Asia.


Genus Chalcopsitta 
Found in: vicinity of New Guinea

Lory,_Black  Chalcopsitta atra  Found: vicinity of New Guinea
The Black Lory has black plumage. bill; dark gray feet; red and yellow under-tail.
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova 2) Aurimas Rimsa 3) Elvran Harris 4) Packa


Lory,_Brown  Chalcopsitta duivenbodei  Found: West Papua, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea
The Brown Lory has mainly brown plumage; yellow forehead, chin, under-tail; purple rump; black bill.
Image by: 1 Katerina_Tvardikova  2) nico  3) Bob and P & S Photography


Lory, Cardinal  Chalcopsitta cardinalis  Found: the Solomon Islands and east Papua New Guinea.
The Cardinal Lory has mainly red plumage with blackish wings; ornage beak with black at base; gray legs.
Image by: 1) Nathan Rupert  2) Aaron Wormus  3) Dragus


Lory, Yellow-streaked  Chalcopsitta sintillata  Found: Indonesia and Papua New Guinea
The Yellow-streaded Lory has mostly green plumage; yellow mantle, breast; red forehead, lores; black bill.
Image by: 1) Katerina Tvardikova  2, 3) Dick Daniels - Butterfly World in Florida 4) Linda Kenney



Genus
Charmosyna
  Found in: vicinity of New Guinea

Lorikeet,_Blue-fronted Charmosyna toxopei  Found: Baru island of Indonesia
Image by: 1) Erland_Tamboen


Lorikeet, Duchess   Charmosyna margarethae   Found: Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands.
The Duchess Lorikeet has a red head; wide yellow breast band; red tail tipped with yellow; orange bill;
Image by: 1) Katerina Tvardikova  2) Joseph Smit


Lorikeet, Fairy   Charmosyna pulchella   Found: New Guinea.
The male Fairy Lorikeet has green upperparts; red head with black rear crown; red underparts; upper-breast with yellow streaks; green upper-tail.
Image by: 1) Katerina Tvardikova  2) John Gerran Keulemans


Lorikeet, Josephine's   Charmosyna josefinae   Found: New Guinea.
Josephine's Lorikeet has red head, neck; black head-band; blue patch on rump; red upper-tail with yellow tip; yellow under-tail; orange bill.
Image by: 1) Katerina Tvardikova 2) Dragus


Lorikeet,_Meek's  Charmosyna meeki  Found: Bougainville Island in Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova  2) loromania.com


Lorikeet,_Palm  Charmosyna palmarum  Found: Solomon Islands and Vanuatu
Image by: 1) Biodiversity_Heritage_Library  2) John_Gerrard_Keulemans


Lorikeet, Papuan   Charmosyna papou   Found: New Guinea
The Papuan Lorikeet has a red head with turquoise rear crown; black band behind the eyes; reddish-orange bill; red breast; black belly; yellow flanks; lime green tail. Melanistic morph has red replace with black.
Image by: 1) Katerina Tvardikova  2) Dragus 3) LT Shears
3) Melanistic morph.


Lorikeet,_Pygmy  Charmosyna wilhelminae  Found: New Guinea
The male Pygmy Lorikeet has purple/brown crown, nape; nape streaked with blue; hindneck has olive wash; red lower back; breast streaked with yellow; orange bill; orange/red eye. Female has green lower back.
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova  2) Biodiversity_Heritage_Library  3) loromania.com
1) Male - top 2; Female - bottom


Lorikeet,_Red-chinned  Charmosyna rubrigularis  Found: New Guinea
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova  2) Biodiversity_Heritage_Library  3) myparrots.gr


Lorikeet, Red-flanked  Charmosyna placentis  Found: New Guinea
The Red-flanked Lorikeet has  green tail; red bill; blue rump (lacking in one subspecies).  Male has red flanks, lores; turquoise ear coverts; yellowish-green forecrown. Female has yellow streaked ear coverts; darker green forecrown.
Image by: 1) Katerina Tvardikova  2) Peter Tan  3, 4) Trisha Shears - Cincinnati Zoo  
2) Female left, male right  3, 4) Male


Lorikeet,_Red-fronted  Charmosyna rubronotata  Found: New Guinea
The male Red-fronted Lorikeet has red fore-crown; blue ear-coverts; red under-wing coverts; green tail tipped with yellow; red bill; orange eye. Female has green fore-crown; blue ear-coverts.
Image by: 1, 2) Katerina_Tvardikova


Lorikeet,_Striated  Charmosyna multistriata  Found: New Guinea
The Striated Lorikeet has brown hindcrown, nape with orange/yellow spotting; dark green breast with streaking; remainder underparts green  with streaking; red vent; orange bill; red eyes.
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova  2) Eckhard_Lietzow



Genus Eos 
Found on: islands of eastern Indonesia
They have predominantly red plumage with blue, purple or black markings. Males and females are similar in appearance.

Lory, Red  Eos bornea Found: Indonesia
The Red Lory has mainly red plumage; also black and blue on back, wings; orange bill; gray legs.
Image by: 1) Rene Modery - Jurong Bird Park, Singapore  2) Dick Daniels - Birds of Eden, South Africa  3) Nick Bonzey


Lory, Black-winged  Eos cyanogenia  Found: Indonesia
The Black-winged Lory has mainly red plumage; black shoulder; wings, tail; violet face patch; red iris; orange bill.
Image by: 1) LT Shears  2) Stavenn  3) Patrick Stough


Lory, Blue-eared  Eos cyanogenia  Found: Seram in Maluku province, Indonesia
The Blue-eared Lory has mainly red plumage; blue cheeks, ear coverts, shoulder; orange bill; blue belly.
Similar to: Blue-streaked Lory. Blue-streaked Lory has blue streaks from eye to shoulder; Blue-eared Lory has separate blue patches at ear coverts and shoulders.
Image by: 1) Quartl


Lory, Blue-streaked  Eos reticulata  Found: Indonesia ( Tanimbar Islands and Babar)
The Blue-streaked Lory has mainly red plumage; blue streaks from eye to shoulder; black variegation on wing coverts; brown-black tail.
Similar to: Blue-eared Lory. Blue-streaked Lory has blue streaks from eye to shoulder; Blue-eared Lory has separate blue patches at ear coverts and shoulders.
Image by: 1, 2) Doug Janson


Lory, Red-and-blue  Eos histrio  Found: Indonesia
The Red-and-blue Lory has mainly red plumage; blue nape, upper-breast; blue band from eye-to-eye. Amount of blue is subspecies dependent.
Similar to: Violet-necked Lory. The Red-and-blue Lory has more blue on its crown that the Violet-necked Lory.
Image by: 1, 2) Dragus


Lory, Violet-necked  Eos squamata Found: Indonesia
The Violet-necked Lory has purple neck band, nape; dark purple belly; red forehead, face, mid-breast; red and black wing coverts; orange bill.
Similar to: Red-and-blue Lory. The Red-and-blue Lory has more blue on its crown that the Violet-necked Lory.
Image by: 1) Bernard Dupont  2) Doug Janson



Genus Glossopsitta 
Found in: Australia
They all have substantial amount of green.

Lorikeet, Little   Glossopsitta pusilla  Found: Australia
The Little Lorikeet has mainly green plumage; red face; brown mantle; black bill.
Image by: 1) Aviceda - southeast Queensland  2) Puffinbytes


Lorikeet, Musk Glossopsitta concinna Found: Australia
The Musk Lorikeet has mainly green plumage; red forehead; blue crown; yellow band on wings.
Image by: 1) Oystercatcher  2, 3) JJ Harrison - Tasmania, Australia


Lorikeet, Purple-crowned  Glossopsitta pusilla  Found: southern Australia
The Purple-crowned Lorikeet has green upperparts with bronze tint on mantle and nape; blue chin, underparts; yellowish-green flanks, under-tail; dark purple crown; yellow-orange crown, ear-coverts; orange lores.
Image by: 1) NRG800  2) Rexness - Victoria  3)  Peter Nijenhuis - Western Australia



Genus Lorius
These parrots are found in Indonesia, New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands. They have considerable red plumage, green wings, and most have a black crown.

Lory, Black-capped  Lorius lory  Found: New Guinea and adjacent islands
The Black-capped has red head with black crown; black or blue nape patch and mantle; red breast; green wings; blue belly, legs. The amount of blue and black is subspecies dependent.
Image by:1) Katerina Tvardikova  2) Stephen  3) Jinjian Liang 4) boazyw  5) Doug Janson


Lory, Chattering  Lorius garrulus  Found: North Maluku of Indonesia
The Chattering Lory has mainly red plumage; green wings. Some subspecies have yellow patch on back.
Image by:  1) Doug Janson  2) Bernard Dupont  3) Mike Powell
1, 2) L. g. garrulus


Lory, Purple-bellied  Lorius hypoinochrous  Found: Papua New Guinea
The Purple-bellied Lory has mainly red plumage; black crown; green wings; purple belly; orange-red bill.
Image by: 1) Katerina Tvardikova  2) Quartl


Lory, Purple-naped   Lorius domicella  Found: Indonesia
The Purple-naped Lofy has mostly red plumage; black crown with a purple nape; green wings; yellow breast band of varying size; orange bill.
Image by: 1) Henri   2) Kwang Chong  3) Arjan Haverkamp 


Lory,_White-naped  Lorius albidinucha  Found: New Guinea
The White-naped Lory has mainly red plumage; black crown; small white patch on nape; green wings; orange-red bill.
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova  2) mascotarios


Lory, Yellow-bibbed   Lorius chlorocercus  Found: Solomon Islands (near Australia)
The Yellow-bibbed Lory has yellow bib; red head with black crown; red neck with black crescent-shape side of neck; red belly; green wings; gray legs
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Benjamint444



Genus Neopsittacus

Lorikeet,_Orange-billed  Neopsittacus pullicauda   Found: New Guinea
The Orange-billed Lorikeet has green upperparts; crown and nape streaked with yellow/green; rew under-wing coverts; olive-green underparts with red at feather bases; deep oraange bill.
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova  2) Johannes_Pfleiderer


Lorikeet, Yellow-billed  or Musschenbroek's Lorikeet  Neopsittacus musschenbroekii  Found: Australasia
The Yellow-billed Lorikeet has mainly green plumage; yellow bill; olive or brown crown and nape; red throat, breast, eyes. It is found in West Papua, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea.
Image by: 1) Dragus   2) Dominik Deobald   3) Jerry Oldenettel - Papua New Guinea



Genus Oreopsittacus - 1 species

Lorikeet, Plum-faced  or Whiskered Lorikeet Oreopsittacus arfaki  Found: New Guinea
The Plum-face Lorikeet has mainly green plumage; red fore-crown; purple lore, cheeks; white whisker-like streaks; red or orange belly, flanks; black bill.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Katerina Tvardikova  4) TJ Lin 



Genus Phigys - 1 species

Lory, Collared  Phigys solitarius  Found: Fiji
The Collared Lory has greenish upperparts, nape; dark purple crown, lower-belly; red cheeks, throat, breast, upper-belly; yellow bill.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo   4) Sandy Cole - San Diego



Genus Pseudeos - 1 species

Lory, Dusky  Pseudeos fuscata  Found: Indonesia and Papua New Guinea
The Dusky Lory has mainly brown plumage; yellow or orange breast with dark hint of breast band; yellow or orange belly and fore-crown; red irises; gray legs
Image by: 1) Katerina Tvardikova  2) Sandy Cole - Birds of Eden, South Africa    3) Dick Daniels - Butterfly World in Florida   4) Dick - Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo  5) Greg Hume - Cincinnatti Zoo



Genus Psitteuteles

Lorikeet, Goldie's  Psitteuteles goldiei  Found: New Guinea
The Goldie's Lorikeet has mainly green plumage; yellow-green underparts with darker green stripes; red fore-crown; blue rear-crown, cheeks; black bill.
Image by: 1) Katerina Tvardikova  2, 3) Trisha Shears - Newport Aquarium, Kentucky


Lorikeet, Iris  Psitteuteles iris  Found: islands of Wetar and Timor in the Lesser Sundas
The Iris Lorikeet has mainly green upperpart; yellow-green underparts with some barring on breast; red fore-crown; red-orange bill.
Image by: 1) Sandy Cole - San Diego Zoo  2) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo


Lorikeet, Varied  Psitteuteles versicolor  Found: northern Australia
The Varied Lorikeet has green upperparts; crown, red forehead, lores, bill; bold white eye-ring; pale purple upperbreast with yellow streaks.
Image by: 1) JP Robertson - Queensland  2) Jerry Oldenettel - Northern Territory



Genus Trichoglossus

Lorikeet, Mindanao  Trichoglossus johnstoniae  Found: to Mindanao, Philippines
The Mindanao Lorikeet has mainly green plumage; yellow-barred green underparts; dark purple head band; gray eye-ring;  orange bill; gray legs.
Image by: 1) William Warby  2) Elizabeth Ellis


Lorikeet, Olive-headed  also  Perfect Lorikeet Trichoglossus euteles  Found: Timor (near Indonesia)
The Olive-headed Lorikeet has green upperparts; yellow-olive head, underparts; green collar; orange-red bill; red iris; gray legs.
Image by: 1) Derek Ramsey  2) Just Chaos  3) Ruth Rogers


Lorikeet, Ornate  Trichoglossus ornatus  Found: Sulawesi and nearby smaller islands in Indonesia
The Ornate Lorikeet has dark blue-purple fore-crown; red face below eyes; red rear head, rear neck; yellow vertical stripe near ear covert.
Image by: 1) Julie Airnand - Nashville Zoo  2) Fred Wampler  3) Daniel - San Antonio Zoo


Lorikeet,_Pohnpei  Trichoglossus rubiginosus  Found: Pohnpei and the nearby Ahnd Atoll in Micronesia
The Pohnpei Lorikeet has mainly reddish-maroon plumage; head darker; flight feather and tail olive-yellow; orange (male) or yellow (female) bill.
Image by: 1) Peter


Lorikeet, Rainbow Trichoglossus haematodus  Found: Australia, New Zealand (introduced)
The Rainbow Lorikeet has many subspecies and many color variations. They are colorful as implied by their name. Two are represented below: 1 - 4) Green-naped Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haematodus haematodus),  5, 6) Swainson's Lorikeet  (Trichoglossus haematodus moluccanus).
Image by:  1, 2, 6)  Dick Daniels - Butterfly World in Florida   3) Sandy Cole - San Diego Zoo  4) Dick - San Diego Zoo  5) Dick - Australia  6) Dick - Birds of Eden, South Africa  



Lorikeet, Scaly-breasted  Trichoglossus chlorolepidotus  Found: Australia 
The Scaly-breasted Lorikeet has green upperpart; green head with blue tinged crown; green and strongly marked with yellow flanks, thighs, under-tail coverts. Nape, throat, breast are yellow edged with green which gives a scaly appearance.
Image by: 1) Aviceda  2) Quarti


Lorikeet, Yellow-and-green  also  Citrine Lorikeet  Trichoglossus flavoviridis    Found: Sulawesi and the Sula Islands of Indonesia.
The Yellow-and-green Lorikeet has mainly green plumage; head yellow or green (subspecies dependent); yellow breast scaled with green.
Image by: 1) Carlos Urdiales  2) Amanda Pippin



Genus Vini
All species are found on tropical islands and all are colorful.

Lorikeet,_Blue  Vini peruviana  Found: French Polynesia and the Cook Islands
The Blue Lorikeet has mainly dark blue plumage; white face, throat, upper-breast; orange bill.
Image by: 1) Pierre_de_Chabannes  2) Aaron_Maizlish


Lorikeet, Blue-crowned  Vini australis  Found: Pacific Islands
The Blue-crowned Lorikeet has mostly green upperparts; red throat, belly; blue crown.
Image by: 1) William Warby - London Zoo  2) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo


Lorikeet,_Kuhl's Vini kuhlii  Found: islands ranging across the South Pacific
The Kuhl's Lorikeet  has green back, wings, crown; blue nape; bright red underparts, cheeks.
Image by: 1) Edward_Lear  2) Jean-Paul_Mutz


Lorikeet, Stephen's  Vini stepheni  Found: Pitcairn Islands
The Stephen's Lorikeet has green upperparts; yellowish-green rump, tail; red underparts; orange bill.
Image by: 1) Henrick Gronvold


Lorikeet,_Ultramarine  Vini ultramarina  Found: Ua Huka of Marquesas Islands
Image by: 1) Mingming_Peng




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