PARROTS and Allies

The order Psittaciformes is comprised of the parrots and their allies. They are found in most warm and tropical regions. The greatest diversity of parrots is found in South America and Australasia. Characteristic features of parrots include a strong curved bill, an upright stance, and strong legs. Like woodpeckers, they have 2 toes pointing forward (digits 2, 3) and 2 toes pointing backward (digits 1, 4). Most parrots are predominantly green, with other bright colors. They generally exhibit little or no sexual dimorphism. The most important components of most parrots' diets are seeds, nuts, fruit, buds and other plant material. Almost all parrots nest in tree holes. Parrots are some of the most intelligent birds, and the ability of some parrot species to imitate human voices enhances their popularity as pets.

These links lead to Psittaciformes web pages. All are members of family Psittacidae except cockatoos which are family Cacatuoidea.


South American Parrots and Parakeets

Order Psittaciformes    Family Psittacidae

The South American parrots include the Amazons (genus Amazona) and Macaws which are listed on separate web pages.

Genus Alipiopsitta - 1 species

Parrot, Yellow-faced  formerly  Yellow-faced Amazon  Alipiopsitta xanthops  Found: Brazil, Bolivia
The Yellow-facd Parrot has mainly green plumage; yellow head, shoulder, flanks; yellowish bill, belly.
Similar to: Yellow-headed Amazon. The ranges of Yellow-faced Parrot and Yellow-headed Amazon do not overlay.
Image by: 1) Rodrico Melo  2) JulaniPhotos - Brazil



Genus Aratinga  
Parakeets of this New World genus are often called conures in aviculture. Most are long-tailed, mainlhy green, although a few are predominantly yellow or orange. They are social and commonly seen in groups in the wild. Many species from this genus are popular pets. For other Conures see Pyrrhura.

Parakeet, Blue-crowned also Blue-crowned Conure  Aratinga acuticaudata  Found: North America (introduced), South America
The Blue-crowned Parakeet has variable amounts of blue on the head (subspecies dependent); white or orange eye-ring; ivory colored upper mandible; black lower mandible.
Similar to: Dusky-headed Parakeet. Blue-crowned Parakeet usually has some blue on its head; Dusky-headed Parakeet has gray-brown head. Blue-crowned Parakeet has bicolored bill; Dusky-headed Parakeet has black bill.
Image by:  1) The Gut   2) Bram Cymet  3) Ardeola - Bolivia  4) Mark Kortum


Parakeet, Cuban  also Cuban Conure  Aratinga euops  Found: Cuba
The Cuban Parakeet has mostly green plumage; some scattered red; whitish eye-ring; ivory colored bill.
Image by: 1) Dominic Sherony  - Cuba


Parakeet, Dusky-headed also Dusky-headed Conure  Aratinga weddellii  Found: North America (introduced), South America
The Dusky-headed Parakeet has mainly green plumage; gray-brown head; white eye-ring; black bill.
Similar to: Blue-crowned Parakeet. Blue-crowned Parakeet usually has some blue on its head; Dusky-headed Parakeet has gray-brown head. Blue-crowned Parakeet has bicolored bill; Dusky-headed Parakeet has black bill.
Image by: 1) David Long   2) Pierre Pouliquin   3) YamesA  4) jh Wodchuck


Parakeet, Finsch's also Crimson-fronted Parakeet Aratinga finschi  Found: Central America
The Finsch's Parakeet has mainly green plumage; red forehead, fore-crown; white eye-ring; orange eye; ivory colored bill.
Image by: 1) Yazzieyazz  2) Christine Fournier


Parakeet, Golden-capped  also  Golden-capped Conure  Aratinga auricapillus  Found: Brazil, Paraguay
The  Golden-capped Parakeet has mostly green plumage; golden crown, reddish face; white eye-ring; black bill; orange-red belly;  blue tipped green tail.
Image by: 1) Character  2) Guerin Nicholas  3, 4) Nick Athans  - Brazil


Parakeet, Green   Aratinga holochlora  Found: USA (introduced), Mexico, Central America
The Green Parakeet has mostly green plumage; ivory colored bill.
Image by: 1) Michael Woodruff - Texas  2) Jorge Montejo - Mexico  3) Nick Athans - Mexico


Parakeet, Hispaniolan   also  Hispaniolan Conure  Aratinga chloroptera  Found: island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean
The Hispaniolan Parakeet has mostly green plumage; white eye-ring.
Image by: 1) Blanchard   2) Carlo De Soto


Parakeet, Jandaya also Jandaya Conure  Aratinga jandaya  Found: Brazil 
The Jandaya has green upperparts; orange head, neck, upper-breast; orange-red-belly; gray or white eye-ring; black bill.
SImilar to: Sun Parakeet has a green mantle; Sun Parakeet has yellow mantle.
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - Mayaquez Zoo, Puerto Rico    4, 5, 6) Dick - Birds of Eden, South Africa  3) Sandy Cole - Birds of Eden



Parakeet, Mitred   Aratinga mitrata  Found: South America  Introduced: California, Florida, Hawaii
Adults are mainly green with varying amounts of red to the face and thighs, a relatively conspicius bare white eye-ring, and a heavy, pale bone-colored bill.
Image by: 1) Tom Friedel - Florida  2) D Gordon Robertson - Peru  3) E_monk  4) Vassil


Parakeet, Red-masked also Red-masked Conure also Cherry-headed Conure  Aratinga erythrogenys  Found: see below
The Red-masked Parakeet has mostly green plumage; red head; shoulder; pale eye-ring; ivory colored bill. It is found in North America (introduced), Ecuador, Peru.
Image by: 1) Sandy Cole - Birds of Eden, South Africa  2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7) Dick Daniels - Birds of Eden  8) Nick Athans - Ecuador


Parakeet, Scarlet-fronted also Red-fronted Conure    Aratinga wagleri  Found: northern South America
The Scarlet-fronted Parakeet has green upperparts; yellowish-green underparts; red forehead; white eye-ring; ivory colored bill.
Image by: 1) Lynn Zheng   2) Barloventomagico


Parakeet, Sun also Sun Conure  Aratinga solstitialis  Found: South America
The Sun Parakeet has yellow upperparts, crown, nape, breast; orange face, belly; black bill.
Similar toJandaya Parakeet.  Jandaya Parakeet has a green mantle; Sun Parakeet has yellow mantle.
Similar to: Golden Parakeet. Golden Parakeet has ivory colored bill; Sun Parakeet has black bill
Image: 1) Dick Daniels - Birds of Eden, South Africa   2, 6) Sandy Cole - Birds of Eden   3, 4, 5) Dick - Kuranda Bird World in Australia  
6) Sun Parakeet (left), Jandaya Parakeet (right)



Parakeet, White-eyed  also White-eyed Conure  Aratinga leucophthalma  Found: South America
The White-eyed Parakeet has mainly green plumage; red shoulders; random red specks on head, neck; white eye-ring.
Image by:  1) Wagner Machado Carlos Lemes - Brazil   2) Dario Sanches   3) Leoadec - São Carlos, Brazil  4) Nick Athans - Brazil



Genus Bolborhynchus

Parakeet,_Andean  Bolborhynchus orbygnesius  Found: Andes in Bolivia, Peru
The Andean Parakeet has green plumage; darker above, lighter below;  some blue visible while flying; pale bill.
Image by: 1) John_Gerrard_Keulemans  2) Graham_Ekins


Parakeet, Barred  Bolborhynchus lineola  Found: Mexico, Central America, northern South America
The Barred Parakeet has mostly green plumage; black bars on the mantle, back; black shoulders; ivory colored bill.
Image by: 1) Timo Hiegert  2) Lisa Lenscap


Parakeet, Rufous-fronted  Bolborhynchus ferrugineifrons  Found: Columbia
The Rufous-fronted Parakeet has mainly dull green plumage; rufous forehead; red markings on face; yellow bill.
Image by: 1) Alonso Gil of proaves.org



Genus Brotogeris 
These mainly green parakeets are found in Central and South America. Some occur naturally in Mexico and some have been introduced to North America.

Parakeet, Cobalt-winged  Brotogeris cyanoptera  Found: South America
The Cobalt-winged Parakeet has purple wings; green underparts; white eye-ring; ivory colored bill. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela.
Image by: Avey y Conservacion - Ecuador  Steve Ryan    3) Nick Athans - Ecuador  4) Michael Keen - Peru


Parakeet,_Golden-winged  Brotogeris chrysoptera   Found: northern South America
Image by: 1) Nick Athans - Venezuela  2) Charles_Sharp - Brazil


Parakeet, Gray-cheeked  Brotogeris pyrrhoptera  Found: Peru, Ecuador
The Gray-cheeked Parakeet has mainly green plumage; gray cheeks; gray-blue crown; some orange on under-wing; ivory colored byll.
Image by: 1) Markaharper - Ecuador


Parakeet, Orange-chinned  Brotogeris jugularis  Found: Mexico, Central America, Columbia, Panama, Venezuela
The Orange-chinned Parakeet has mainly yellow-green plumage; orange chin; blue tinge to crown; olive-brown on patch on wing;  brown eye; white eye-ring/
Image by: 1) Dominic Sherony - Curundú, Panama, Panama  2) Arkntina -Costa Rica  3) Rich Young


Parakeet, Plain Brotogeris tirica  Found: Brazil
The Plain Parakeet has green upperparts; some yellow on head; olive underparts; olive-brown on folded wings; brown eye; ivory colored bill with light brown nearer tip.
Image by: 1)  Dario Sanches  2, 3) Tiemi


Parakeet, Tui  Brotogeris sanctithomae  Found: South America
The Tui Parakeet has mainly light green plumage; yellowish forehead spot; white eye-ring; dark bill.
Image by: Claudio Timm - the Amazon, Brazil


Parakeet, White-winged also Canary-winged Parakeet  Brotogeris versicolurus  Found: North America (introduced), South America
The White-winged Parakeet has mostly green plumage; white visible on wing when flying; yellow patch on edge of folded wing; brown eye; pale yellow bill.
Similar to: Yellow-chevroned Parakeet. The White-winged Parakeet and Yellow-chevroned Parakeet both have a yellow patch visible at the edge of their folded wings. The Yellow-chevroned Parakeet has a bolder eye-ring.
Image by: 1, 2) Claudio Timm - Brazil  3) anthrotect - Columbia


Parakeet, Yellow-chevroned  Brotogeris chiriri Found: North America (introduced), South America
The Yellow-chevroned Parakeet has green upperparts; yellow on edge of folded wing; light olive underparts; brown eye; off-white eye-ring.
Similar to: White-winged Parakeet. The White-winged Parakeet and Yellow-chevroned Parakeet both have a yellow patch visible at the edge of their folded wings. The Yellow-chevroned Parakeet has a bolder eye-ring.
Image by: 1) Dario Sanches  2) Irene Nobrega   3) Paulo Barradas



Genus Cyanoliseus  - 1 species

Parrot, Burrowing   also  Patagonian Conure  also  Burrowing Parakeet  Cyanoliseus patagonus  Found: mainly in Argentina
The Burrowing Parrot has brown head, back, breast; yellow belly, lower back; gray or brown breast; green tail tinted with blue; dark gray bill; white shoulders.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - Birds of Eden, South Africa  4) Claudi Timm  5, 6)  Nick Athans - Argentina
    1, 2, 3) Idenfied by Charlie Westerinen



Genus Deroptyus - 1 species

Parrot, Red-fan  also Hawk-headed Parrot  Deroptyus accipitrinus  Found: South America
The Red-fan Parrot has green upperparts; white crown; brown face streaked with white; dark red underparts with blue bands; gray eye-ring. Nape feather can be erected to display a red fan.
Image by: 1) Bobby  2) Sandy Cole - San Diego Zoo  4) Ruth Rogers



Genus Enicognathus

Parakeet, Austral  Enicognathus ferrugineus  Found: southern tip  South America
The Austral Parakeet has mainly green plumage; some dull red on forehead, lores, belly, upper-tail. It is found the furthest south of any parrot.
Image by: 1) Miguel Vieira - Chile  2) Fabien Dany - www.fabiendany.com


Parakeet,_Slender-billed  Enicognathus leptorhynchus  Found: Chile
Image by: 1) TJ Lin



Genus Eupsittula
These species were formerly included in genus Aratinga.

Parakeet, Brown-throated  also  Brown-throated Conure  Eupsittula pertinax  Found: Central America, northern South America
Brown-throated Parakeet has dark green upperparts; lighter green underparts; brownish throat, upper-breast.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - Panama  2) Cristobol Minic - Venezuela  3) Barloventomagico - Venezuela  4) Nick Athans - Venezuela


Parakeet, Cactus  also  Cactus Conure  Eupsittula cactorum  Found: Brazil
The Cactus Parakeet has green upperparts; brown face, upper-breast; orange-yellow lower-breast, belly; white eye-ring; green tail tipped with blue.
Image by: 1) Phillipe - Brazil  2) Nick Athans


Parakeet, Olive-throated  also  Olive-throated Conure   Eupsittula nana  Found: Mexico, Carribean
The Olive-throated Parakeet has mainly green plumage; bold white eye-ring; light gray bill.
Image by: 1) Jerry Oldenettel  2 Sergey Yeliseev - Jamaica  3) birdphotos.com


Parakeet, Orange-fronted  also  Orange-fronted Conure  Eupsittula canicularis  Found: western Mexico to Costa Rica
The Oragne-fronted Parakeet has mainly green plumage; yellow-olive underparts; orange forehead; yellowish eye-ring; ivory color bill.
Image by: 1) Brian Ralphs - Costa Rica  2) Charlene Wood - Costa Rica  3) Nick Athans  - Costa Rica


Parakeet, Peach-fronted  also Peach-fronted Conure  Eupsittula aurea  Found: South America
The Peach-fronted Parakeet has an orange frontal patch; yellowish-olive underparts; orange eye-ring; dark gray bill. It is found in eastern Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, far northern Argentina and southern Suriname.
Image by:  1) Nick Athans - Brazil  2) Rodrigo Jesus Melo  3) Glauco Umbelino - Brazil



Genus Forpus

Parrotlet, Blue-winged
  Forpus xanthopterygius  Found: South America
The Blue-winged Parrotlet has mostly green plumage; whitish eye-ring; ivory colored bill. Only the male has blue patch on edge of folded wing.
Similar to: Green-rumped Parrotlet. Female Blue-winged Parrotlet may be confused with Green-rumped Parrotlet, but there is little overlap in the range.
Image by:  1) Bart Van Dorp  2) Dario Sanches   2, 3) Wagner Machado Carlos Lemes  in Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil
1) Female  3, 4) Male


Parrotlet,_Dusky-billed  Forpus modestus  Found: South America
Image by: 1) Nick Athans - Brazil  2) Hector_Bottai - Brazil


Parrotlet, Green-rumped   Forpus passerinus   Found: tropical South America
The Green-rumped Parrotlet has mostly green plumage with a bright green rump; ivory colored bill. Only the male has pale blue patch on edge of folded wing.
Similar to: Blue-winged Parrotlet. Blue-winged Parrotlet has a more obvious eye-ring than Green-rumped Parrotlet. Green-rumped Parrotlet has a bright green rump.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Barloventomagico - Venezuela  4) Nick Athans - Columbia
1) Fledgling and female on right  2, 3, 4  ) Male


Parrotlet, Mexican  Forpus cyanopygius  Found: western Mexico
The male Mexican Parrotlet has green mantle, back, wing coverts; blue lower back, rump, secondary feathers;  greenish-yellow underparts, face, forehead; brown eye; ivory colored bill. Female similar to male but with no blue plumage.
Image by: 1) Unknown  2) Laurel Parshall


Parrotlet, Pacific  Forpus coelestis  Found: Ecuador and Peru
The male Pacific Parrotlet has gray-green upperparts and underparts; yellowish-green forehead, face; blue streaking back from eye; blue-gray rear-crown, nape; blue rump. Females have mostly green plumage; blue streaking back from eye.
Image by:  1) Harrison Farr  2) Ruth Rogers  3) PeterDeHass - Peru  4) Undertable
1, 2) Female 3, 4) Male


Parrotlet, Spectacled  Forpus coelestis  Found: Columbia, Panama, Venezuela
The male Spectacled Parrotlet has green upperparts; grayish-green underparts; darker green face; blue around and behind eye; blue edge of folded wing; blue rump; ivory colored bill. Female dark green upperparts; yellowish green underparts; ivory colored bill.
Image by: 1) Rogier Klappe - Columbia  2, 3) Julian Londono - Columbia
1) Female left, Male right  2) Female  3) Male


Parrotlet, Yellow-faced  Forpus xanthops  Found: northern Peru
The Yellow-faced Parrotlet has olive-gray upperparts; greenish-yellow underparts; yellow fore-crown, face; bluish rear-crown nape; bill mainly ivory colored with dark gray patch on upper mandible. Male has dark blue lower back, rump; female has lighter blue.
Image by: 1, 2) Ruth Rogers  3)  Nick Athans - Peru
1) Female  2) Male



Genus Graydidascalus - 1 species

Parrot,_Short-tailed  Graydidascalus brachyurus  Found: Brazil, Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
The Short-tailed Parrot has mainly green plumage; large dark bill; hard to see red shoulder spot; short tail.
Image by: 1) Nick Athans - Ecuador  2) Shea_Hazarian - Peru



Gemus Guaruba - 1 species

Parakeet, Golden  also Golden Conure  Guaruba guarouba  Found: Brazil
The Golden Parakeet has yellow plumage with green on the wing coverts; pink eye-ring; ivory colored bill.
Similar to: Sun Parakeet. Golden Parakeet has ivory colored bill; Sun Parakeet has black bill
Image by:  1) Angoria  2) IPfreaks  3) ted



Genus Hapalopsittaca

Parrot, Black-winged  Hapalopsittaca melanotis  Found: Bolivia, Peru
The Black-winged parrot has a black patch on folded wing; green back; olive underparts; green tail tipped with blue; blue-gray bill. One subspecies has blue crown, nape, neck collar; dark ear covert. Other subspecies has moslty green head; bluish neck band; dull red ear covert.
Image by: 1) Marc Athanase


Parrot,_Indigo-winged also Fuertes's Parrot  Hapalopsittaca fuertesi  Found: Columbia
The Indigo-winged Parrot has mainly green plumage; yellow forehead, face; blue rear-crown; yellow-olive breast; variable red center-belly patch; red tail with violet tip.
Image by: 1) ProAves


Parrot, Red-faced  Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops  Found: Ecuador, Peru
The Red-faced Parrot has dark red forehead, lores; green crown and nape with tint of blue; blue edge of folded wing; ivory colored bill with blue-gray base of upper mandible
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemanns


Parrot, Rusty-faced  Hapalopsittaca amazonina  Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Venezuela
The Rusty-faced Parrot has orange-red forehead; brown-red fore-crown; pale yellow lores; olive throat, breast; blue edge of folded wing; ivory colored bill with blue-gray base of upper mandible.
Image by: 1) Marc Athanase  2) Columbia Travel  - Columbia



Genus Leptosittaca - 1 species

Parakeet, Golden-plumed  also Golden-plumed Conure  Leptosittaca branickii  Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The Golden-plumed Parakeet has green upperparts, upper-breast; yellow-green lower-breast, belly; golden eye-line starting at lores and proceeding behind the eyes as a feather plume; white eye-ring; dark gray bill.
Image by: Mark A Harper - Ecuador  2) ProAves Columbia - Columbia  3) Nick Athans - Columbia



Genus Myiopsitta - 1 species

Parakeet, Monk  Myiopsitta monachus    Found: North America (introduced), South America, Europe (introduced)
The Monk Parakeet has a gray forehead, pale underparts, and bright green upperparts.
Image by:  1, 2) Dick Daniels - Mayaquez Zoo, Puerto Rico    3) Dick - Birds of Eden, South Africa   4) Dick - Old San Juan, Puerto Rico   5) Aditi the Stargazer  6) Trabajo Propio  7) Cristiano Crolle - River Tigre Delta, Argentina




Genus Nandayus - 1 species

Parakeet, Nanday  also Black-hooded Parakeet   Nandayus nenday  Found: North America (introduced), South America
The Black-hooded Parakeet has a black crown, facial mask, and bill.
Image by:  1, 2) Apix - Florida  3) J Patrick Fischer  4) Loithmoq - Brazil   5) Cristiano Crolle - Esteros del Iberà, Argentina



Genus Nannopsittaca

Parrotlet,_Amazonian also  Manu Parrotlet   Nannopsittaca dachilleae  Found: central South America
Tha Amazonian Parrotlet has mainly green upperparts; pale blue crown; yellowish-green underparts.
Image by: 1) Joao_Quental


Parrotlet,_Tepui  Nannopsittaca panychlora   Found: Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela
Image by: 1) John_Gerrard_Keulemans



Genus Ognorhynchus - 1 species

Parrot, Yellow-eared  Ognorhynchus icterotis  Found: Columbia, Ecuador
The Yellow-eared Parrot has green upperparts; greenish-yellow forehead, ear coverts, underparts; black eye-ring; bill.
Image by: 1, 2) Columbia Travel  3) Nick Athans - Columbia



Genus Pionites

Parrot, Black-headed also Black-headed Caique  Pionites melanocephalus    Found: South America
The Black-headed Parrot has green upperparts; black cap; yellow head; dark gray bill; whitish breast, belly; yellow flanks.
Image by:   1) Sandy Cole - Jungle Island of Miami  2) Dick Daniels - Jungle Island of Miami 3) Peter_Bekesi


Parrot, White-bellied  Pionites leucogaster  Found: South America
The White-bellied Parrot has green upperparts; orange cap, nape; yellow cheeks, thights, vent; ivory colored bill; white breast, belly.
Image by: 1) Peter Tan - Jurong BIrd Park, Singapore 2) T J Lin



Genus Pionopsitta - 1 species

Parrot,_Pileated  Pionopsitta pileata  Found: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
The Pileated Parrot has mainly green plumage; bluish flight feathers. Male has bright red forehead which extends just below eyes.
Image by: 1) birdphotos.com  2) Florin_Feneru




Genus Pionus
The birds in this genus are often called Pionus instead of Parrots. For example, Blue-headed Pionus instead of Blue-headed Parrot. Pionus tend to have a chunky body, bare eye-rings, and short squre tail. They are found in Central and South America.

Parrot, Blue-headed also Blue-headed Pionus  Pionus menstruus  Found: South America 
The Blue-headed Parrot has mainly green plumage with blue head, neck, upper-breast; dark ear patches; dark bill with reddish area on upper mandible.
Image by: 1) YVe5  2) Julian Londono - Columbia   3) Nick Athan 4) Haplochromis


Parrot, Bronze-winged  Pionus chalcopterus  Found: northwestern South America
The Bronze-winged Parrot has dark blue upperparts with bronze or green upper wing-coverts; blue-green underparts with white areas; deep blue rump; deep blue tail with red at base; brown or whitish eye-ring; yellow bill.
Image by: 1) Randy  2) Francesco Veronesi - Ecuador  3) Ruth Rogers  4) Nick Athan - Ecuador


Parrot, Dusky  Pionus fuscus  Found: Columbia and eastern Amazon Basin
The Dusky Parrot has dark brown upperparts; gray-blue head; throat and neck has some dusky white; purplish-brown underparts; light gray eye-ring; dark gray bill with yellow at base.
Image by: 1) CyberKnightMK  2) Bram Cynet


Parrot, Red-billed  Pionus sordidus  Found: Bolivia, Columbia, Venezuela
The Red-billed Parrot has a red bill; white eye-rings; mainly greenish plumage with dull blue breast; red under-tail.
Image by: 1) Barloventomagico - Venezuela  2) TJ Lin


Parrot, Scaly-headed  Pionus maximiliani  Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay
The Scaly-headed Parrot has green upperparts; lighter brown-green lower-breast, belly; scaly appearing face; dark green or black forehead and lores; dull blue chin and throat band; dull yellow bill with gray at base; red under-tail coverts tipped with blue and green.
Image by: 1) Sandy Cole - Birds of Eden, South Africa  2) Alex Knowles  3) Claudio Timm   4) Nick Athan


Parrot, Speckled-faced  also  Plum-crowned Parrot  Pionus tumultuosus  Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia
The Speckled-face Parrot has mainly greem plumage, paler on underparts; red crown, nape; dark purple throat, upper-breast; red under-tail coverts tinted with purple; yellowish bill; pale gray eye-ring; yellow bill.
Image by: 1) Biodiversity Library  2, 3) Nick Athan - Columbia


Parrot, White-crowned also White-crowned Pionus  Pionus senilis  Found: Central America
The White-crowned Parrot has green upperparts; dull blue head with white crown, forehead; white throat; dull blue breast; blue-green belly; light colored eye-ring; yellow-green bill. In flight has visible blue underwings; red vent.
Image by: 1) Brian Gratwicke  2) Sandy Cole - Birds of Eden, South Africa  3) Rebecca O'Connor  4) Nick Athan - Costa Rica



Genus Psilopsiagon

Parakeet, Gray-hooded  Psilopsiagon aymara  Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile
Image by: 1) Nes - Argentina


Parakeet, Mountain  Psilopsiagon aurifrons  Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru
The Mountain Parakeet has green upperparts, crown; yellow underparts, forehead, face. Female has green forehead.
Image by: 1) TJ Lin  2) altabpe00
1) Male left, female right.



Genus Pyrilia
These parrots are found in the neotropics of the New World. They are relatively short-tailed. The head or face contrasts strongly with the mainly green body.

Parrot,_Bald  Pyrilia aurantiocephala  Found: Brazil
The Bald Parrot has an orange colored bald head.
Image by: 1) GossipGuy  2) Turismo_Online


Parrot, Brown-hooded  Pyrilia haematotis  Found: southeastern Mexico to Columbia
The Brown-hooded Parrot mainly green plumage; brown head (darker for male), neck; red ear patch; white eye-ring; ivory colored bill; green tail tipped with blue.
Image by: 1) Eduardo Rivero - Argentina  2) Zak Pohlen - Costa Rica  3) Amy McAndrews - Mexico
1) Female  2, 3) Male


Parrot,_Caica Pyrilia caica  Found: northeast South America
Image by: 1) Hector_Bottai - Brazil  2) Nick Athan - Venezuela


Parrot, Orange-cheeked   Pyrilia barrabandi  Found;  Amazon Basin of South America
The Orange-cheeked Parrot has yellow mantle; lime green wings; black head with orange cheeks; white eye-ring; olive throat, breast; gray bill.
Image by: 1) Paul Bartram   2) Nick Athan - Columbia


Parrot,_Rose-faced  Pyrilia pulchra  Found: Columbia, Ecuador
Image by: 1) Nick Athan


Parrot,_Saffron-headed  Pyrilia pyrilia  Found: Colombia, Panama, Venezuela
The Saffron-headed Parrot has a green body with yellow shoulders; yellow head; bold white eye-ring.
Image by: 1) ProAves_Columbia  2) Nick Athan



Genus Pyrrhura
Parakeets of this New World genus are often called conures in aviculture. These parakeets all have white eye-rings and a long pointed tail. For other Conures see Aratinga.

Parakeet, Black-capped  also Rock Parakeet  Pyrrhura rupicola  Found: Bolivia, Brazil, Peru
Image by: 1) pommemame


Parakeet,_Blaze-winged  Pyrrhura devillei  Found: Brazil, Paraguay
The Blaze-winged Parakeet has mainly green plumage; maroon patch on belly; yellow barring on neck, breast; maroon under-tail; whitish eye-ring; black bill.
Similar to: Maroon-bellied Parakeet.
Image by: 1) Claudio Timm   2)  Nick Athans - Brazil


Parakeet,_Bonaparte's  Pyrrhura lucianii  Found:
The Bonaparte's Parakeet has green upperparts; brown head; red tail, center-belly.
Image by: 1) Francis_Casteinau


Parakeet, Brown-breasted  also  Flame-winged Parakeet  Pyrrhura calliptera  Found: Colunbia
The Brown-breasted Parakeet has green upperparts; red or brown ear coverts; red or brown breast; white eye-ring; ivory colored bill.
Image by: 1) Ron Knight - Columbia  2)  Nick Athans - Columbia


Parakeet, Crimson-bellied  Pyrrhura perlata  Found: Brazil, Bolivia
The Crimson-bellied Parakeet has green and blue upperparts; black upper-tail; off-white upper-breast with brown barring; crimson belly, under-wing; blue lower-belly, under-tail; yellow-green cheeks with blue at the bottom; white eye-ring; dark bill.
Image by: 1) Nori Almeida  2) Juan Caparros   3) Roger Smith


Parakeet,_El_Oro  Pyrrhura orcesi  Found: Ecuador
The El Oro Parakeet has darkish green upperparts; red forehead (male only); red edges of wings; dark gray feet; white eye-ring; horn-colored bill.
Image by: 1) Dusan_Brinkhuizen


Parakeet, Fiery-shouldered  also  Fiery-shouldered Conure  Pyrrhura egregia  Found: Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela
The Fiery-shouldered Parakeet has yellow edge of folded wing; white eye-ring; ivory colored bill.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) David Ascanio


Parakeet, Gray-breasted  Pyrrhura griseipectus  Found: northeast Brazil
The Gray-breasted Parakeet has mostly green plumage; brown crown; gray neck and upper-breast barred with white; white ear covert, eye-ring; gray bill.
Similar to: White-eared Parakeet. The Gray-breasted Parakeet is sometimes consider to be a subspecies of the White-eared Parakeet.
Image by: 1) writhedhornbill


Parakeet,_Green-cheeked also Green-cheeked Conure   Pyrrhura molinae   Found: South America
The Green-cheeked Parakeet has green upperparts; brown crown; green cheeks; brown breast with gray barrimg; chestnut belly; blue primary wing feathers; white eye-ring; dark bill.
Image by:  1) therouxdown  2) Tiermensch  3) Barndon Lim
1) Yellow-sided Green-cheeked Conure


Parakeet, Maroon-bellied also Maroon-bellied Conure  Pyrrhura frontalis  Found: South America
The Maroon-bellied Parakeet has mainly green plumage; maroon patch on belly; yellow barring on neck, breast; maroon under-tail; whitish eye-ring; black bill.
Similar to: Blaze-winged Parakeet.
Image by: 1, 4) Dario Sanches   2, 3) Claudio Timm - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil


Parakeet, Maroon-tailed   Pyrrhura melanura  Found: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
The Maroon-tailed Parakeet has black cap; green cheeks; off-white breast with brown scalloping; red edge on closed wing; maroon upper-tail; blackish under-tail. Bold white eye-ring is species dependent.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemanns  2) Manuel Mejia  3)  Nick Athans


Parakeet, Ochre-marked  also  Blue-throated Parakeet  Pyrrhura cruentata  Found: Brazil
The Ochre-marked Parakeet has mainly green plumage; red patch on belly, rump; blackish head; bright blue bib; olive-green upper-tail; brownish-red under-tail; gray bill, eye-ring.
Image by: 1) TJ Lin  2) ipfreaks   3) Via Tsuji


Parakeet, Painted  Pyrrhura picta  Found: Panama, northern South America
The Painted Parakeet has mainly green upperparts; dark brown head with off-white ear coverts; brown with white scalloping on neck and upper-breast; maroon-red central belly, under-tail; gray eye-ring; dark bill.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemanns  2) Bill Thompson


Parakeet, Pearly  Pyrrhura lepida  Found: Brazil
The Pearly Parakeet has green back, wings; brown checks; dark grayish-brown cap; off-white ear coverts; blue collar; brown breast with off-white scaling; green lower-breast, belly; white eye-ring; gray bill.
Image by: 1) Laura Carne   2) ManginWu




Parakeet,_Pfrimer's  Pyrrhura pfrimeri  Found: central Brazil
The Pfrimer's Parakeet has green upperparts; blue in the wings; red-brown rump, tail, center belly; chestnut-red face; blue crown, nape.
Image by: 1) Lander_Van_Nieuwenhuyse  2) Bilder_vergangener_Jahre


Parakeet, Red-eared  also  Blood-eared Parakeet  Pyrrhura hoematotis  Found: Venezuela
Image by: 1) birdphotos.com  2) Barloventomagico - Venezuela


Parakeet, Rose-fronted  Pyrrhura roseifrons  Found: Bolivia, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador
The Rose-fronted Parakeet has a rose forehead; green upperparts; gray scaled neck, upper-breast; dark gray eye-ring.
Image by: 1) birdphotos.com


Parakeet, Rose-headed  also  Red-crowned Parakeet  Pyrrhura rhodocephala   Found; Venezuela
The Rose-headed Parakeet has mainly green plumage; rose crown; maroon ear coverts; white edge to folded wing; reddish-chestnut tail; white eye-ring; ivory colored bill.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemanns  2) fotolulu


Parakeet,_Santa Marta  Pyrrhura viridicata  Found: Columbia
Image by: 1) Nick Athans - Columbia  2) Andy Bunting 


Parakeet, Santarem  also  Hellmayr's Parakeet  Pyrrhura amazonum  Found: Bolivia (rare), Brazil
The Santarem Parakeet has mainly green plumage; dark brown head; light upper-breast with streaks; dark red belly; black bill.
Image by: 1) Jorge Montejo - Brazil  2) Amy McAndrews - Brazil    3, 4)  Nick Athans - Brazil
3) Pyrrhura amazonum snethlageae  4) Pyrrhura amazonum amazonum


Parakeet, Sulphur-winged  also  Hoffmann's Parakeet  Pyrrhura hoffmanni  Found: Costa Rica, Panama
The Sulphur-winged Parakeet has green upperparts; yellowish-green underparts; dull-red under-tail; green upper-tail tipped with dull-red; yellow on the under-wing; white eye-ring; ivory colored bill.
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Dominic Sherony - Costa Rica   3) Francesco Veronesi - Panama


Parakeet, White-eared  also  Maroon-faced Parakeet  Pyrrhura leucotis  Found: eastern Brazil
The White-eared Parakeet has green upperparts; brown crown; green upper-breast and throat  barred with white;  dark maroon face; maroon center of belly, rump; white ear covert, eye-ring; brown or gray bill.
Similar to: Gray-breasted Parakeet. The Gray-breasted Parakeet is sometimes consider to be a subspecies of the White-eared Parakeet.
Image by: 1) Kee Yip  2) ccbysa30  3)  Nick Athans - Brazil


Parakeet,_White-necked  Pyrrhura albipectus  Found; Ecuador and adjacent Peru
The White-necked Parakeet has green upperparts; dusky crown; thin red frontal band; yellow and green scaled cheeks; orange ear-coverts; full white collar; green underparts.
Image by: 1) Nick Athans - Ecuador  2) Gary_Clark - Ecuador



Genus Rhynchopsitta

Parakeet, Maroon-fronted  Rhynchopsitta terrisi  Found: northeast Mexico
The Maroon-fronted Parrot has mostly green plumage; maroon forehead; yellow eye-ring; black bill.
Imaage by: 1) TJ Lin


Parrot, Thick-billed Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha   Found: United States (introduced), Mexico
The Thick-billed Parrot is mostly green with a large black bill and a red forrehead.
Image by: 1) Tom Lenz  2) Trisha Shears - the Cincinnati Zoo  3) Lynette Schimming



Genus Touit

Parrotlet,_Blue-fronted  Touit dilectissimus  Found: Panama to northern South America
The Blue-fronted Parrotlet has mostly green plumage; yellow under-wing coverts; red forehead.
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit   2) Nick Athan


Parrotlet, Brown-backed  Touit melanonotus   Found: Brazil
The Brown-backed Parrotlet has dark brown mantle, back; brown ear coverts; red outer tail with black tip; green rump, upper-tail coverts; blue-gray flanks
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dario Sanches - Ubatuba, São Paulo, Brazil


Parrotlet,_Golden-tailed  Touit surdus  Found: eastern Brazil
The Golden-tailed Parrotlet has mainly green plumage; yellowish cheeks; scaled appearance to crown, nape; short-square tail is golden yellow tipped black.
Image by: 1) William_Swainson  2) Arthur_Grosset


Parrotlet, Lilac-tailed  Touit batavicus  Found: northern South America
The Lilac-tailed Parrotlet has black upperparts; bold yellow on folded wing; green forehead tinted blue; yellow-green head, underparts.
Image by: 1) Feroze Omardeen  2) Amanda Navas - Venezuela


Parrotlet, Red-fronted  Touit costaricensis  Found: Costa Rica, Panama
The male Red-fronted Parrotlet has green upperparts; red crown; yellow and black wing (yellow not visible when folded); yellow tail with black tip; gray eye-ring; olive bill with gray at base of upper mandible. Male has red on forewing.
Image by: 1) Bruce Kappel - Costa Rica


Parrotlet,_Sapphire-rumped  Touit purpuratus  Found: northern South America
The Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet has mainly yellowish-green plumage; brown crown; blue wing-bend, rump; scarlet outer tail feathers.
Image by: 1) Andrew_Whittaker and Jaque Fortuna


Parrotlet,_Scarlet-shouldered  Touit huetii  Found: South America
The male Spot-winged Parrotlet has mainly green-yellow plumage; dusky wing coverts with small white spots; small orange patch on leading edge of closed wing; yellowish bill. Female has green wings; black bill.
Image by: 1) Vince_Smith - Ecuador  2) Nick Athanas


Parrotlet, Spot-winged  Touit stictopterus  Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The male Spot-winged Parrotlet has mainly green-yellow plumage; dusky wing coverts with small white spots; small orange patch on leading edge of closed wing; yellowish bill. Female has green wings; black bill.
Image by: 1) Joseph Wolf
1) Male



Genus Triclaria - 1 species

Parrot, Blue-bellied  Triclaria malachitacea  Found: Brazil
The Blue-bellied Parrot has mainly olive-green plumage; white bill. Only the male has a blue belly.
Image by: 1) TJ Lin





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