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New World FLYCATCHERs

Order Passeriformes    Family Tyrannidae

The tyrant flycatchers (Tyrannidae) occur throughout North and South America. They are now considered the largest family of birds on Earth, with around 400 species. As could be expected from a family this large, the members vary greatly in habitat, shape, patterns and colors. Some Tyrant flycatchers superficially resemble the Old World flycatchers. Most, but not all, are rather plain, and many have erectile crests. Most are insectivorous, but some will eat fruit or small vertebrates.

The Tyrannidae family is presented in these web pages:
1) Tyrants, Black-Tyrants, Tit-Tyrants  2) Pygmy Tyrants, Tody-Flycatchers, Tody-Tyrants
3) Tyrants, Bush-Tyrants, Chat-Tyrants, Ground-Tyrants, Shrike Tyrants; Monjitas
4) Tyrannulets   5) Doradito, Elaenia, Tachuri  
6) Flycatchers, Spadebills, Twistwings  7) Flycatchers, Pewees, Phoebes
8) Flycatchers, Attilas, Flatbills, Sirystes  9) Flycatchers, Kingbirds, Kiskadees

Flycatchers, Attilas, Flatbills, Mourners, Sirystes



Genus Attila
The Attila are tropical birds with large heads and hooked bills. Their aggressive nature leads to their Attila (the Hun) name.

Attila,_Bright-rumped   Attila spadiceus  Found: Mexico to Bolivia and Brazil
The Bright-rumped Attila has chestnut or olive back; bright yellow rump; brown tail; olive-green head streaked with black; dark brown wings with 2 pale wing-bar;l red eyes.
Image by: 1) Andres_Cuervo  2) Nick Athanas - Costa Rica  3) Dominic_Sherony - Belize  3)  4) Jorge_Montejo - Mexico
1) Bright-rumped Attila has two morphs.


Attila,_Cinnamon   Attila cinnamomeus  Found: Bolivia, Brazil and South American countries to the north
The Cinnamon Attila has mainly cinnamon plumage; blackish wings; dark eyes, bill.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Venezuela  2) Vince Smith - Ecuador


Attila,_Citron-bellied   Attila citriniventris  Found: Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador, Venezuela
The Citron-bellied Attila has dark reddish-brown; gray head; bright ochraceous breast; yellow belly.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Ecuador


Attila,_Dull-capped   Attila bolivianus  Found: Bolivia, Brazil, Peru
The Dull-capped Attila, also known as White-eyed Attila, has mainly rufous-brown upperparts; white eyes.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Brazil  2) Claudio_Timm


Attila, Gray-hooded Attila rufus  Found: Brazil
The Gray-hooded Attila has rufous upperparts; gray hood, nape; cinnamon or ochraceous underparts.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Brazil  2, 3) Dario Sanches  


Attila,_Ochraceous   Attila torridus  Found: mainly Ecuador; also Columbia, Peru
The Ochraceous has pale yellow-orange upperparts; yellow rump, underparts; blackish wings.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Ecuador



Genus Casiornis

Casiornis,_Ash-throated   Casiornis fuscus  Found: Brazil
Image by: 1) Ciro_Albano


Casiornis,_Rufous   Casiornis rufus  Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil Paraguay; vagrant to Peru
The Rufous Casiornis has mainly rufous upperparts; slightly darker wings; paler underparts.
Image by: 1) Nick_Athanas - Brazil  2) Bernard_Dupont  3) Dario_Sanches - Brazil



Genus Deltarhynchus - 1 species

Flycatcher,_Flammulated   Deltarhynchus flammulatus  Found: Mexico
The Flammulated Flycatcher has gray-brown upperparts;  white throat; pale gray breast; black bill.
Image by: 1, 2) Jerry_Oldenettel  3) Dominic_Sherony



Genus Myiarchus
The Myiarchus flycatcers have brown / olive upperparts; gray and yellow underparts. Often the best way to identify Myiarchus birds is by call. See Sibley for calls of North American birds.

Flycatcher,_Apical   Myiarchus apicalis  Found: Columbia
The Apical Flycatcher is the only member of the genus with a white-tipped tail (not boldly white tipped).
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas  2) Ron_Knight  3) Alejandro_Tamayo


Flycatcher, Ash-throated Myiarchus cinerascens Found: arid west USA south to Costa Rica
The Ash-throated Flycatcher has olive-brown upperparts; darker head with short crest; gray breast; pale yellow belly; 2 dull wing-bars. The call is a burry kabrick and a rough prrt or wheer.
Similar to: Brown-creasted Flycatcher. Underparts of Brown-crested Flycatcher have more yellow than Ash-throated Flycatcher.  Brown-crested Flycatcher has a larger bill than Ash-throated Flycatcher.
Similar to: Dusky-capped Flycatcher. Underparts of Dusky-capped Flycatcher have more yellow than Ash-throated Flycatcher.
Similar to: La Sangra's Flycatcher. La Sagra's Flycatcher has a thinner bill than Ash-throated Flycatcher.
Image by: 1)  Maggie Smith - California  2) Docentjoyce    3) Teddy Llovet - California  4) TJ from AZ  5) Brian Wridgway  6, 7) Dick Daniels - Arizona.


Flycatcher, Brown-crested  Myiarchus tyrannulus  Found: south Texas to South America
The Brown-crested Flycatcher has olive-brown upperparts; gray breast; lemon-yellow belly; 2 dull wing-bars. The call is a rough loud come HERE, come HERE or whit-will-do, whit-will-do.
Similar to: Ash-throated Flycatcher. Underparts of Brown-crested Flycatcher have more yellow than Ash-throated Flycatcher.  Brown-crested Flycatcher has a larger bill than Ash-throated Flycatcher.
Similar to: Dusky-capped Flycatcher. Brown-crested Flycatcher has a larger bill than Dusky-capped Flycatcher.
Similar to: Great Crested Flycatcher. The ranges of Brown-crested Flycatcher and Great Crested Flycatcher do not usually overlap in the United States.
Image by:  1, 5) Dario Sanches - Brazil  2) VsmithUK - Mexico  6) Claudio Timm - Argentina  3) dfaulder - Belize  4, 7) Dick Daniels - Arizona 


Flycatcher,_Dusky-capped  Myiarchus tuberculifer  Found: southwest USA to South America
The Dusky-capped Flycatcher has brown upperparts; blackish head with short crest; gray breast; yellow belly. The call is a sorrowful, descending, whistled peeur or wheeeeeu.
Similar to: Ash-throated Flycatcher. Underparts of Dusky-capped Flycatcher have more yellow than Ash-throated Flycatcher.
Similar to: Brown-crested Flycatcher. Brown-crested Flycatcher has a larger bill than Dusky-capped Flycatcher.
Similar to: Swainson's Flycatcher. Dusky-capped Flycatcher has black head; Swainson's Flycatcher has brown head.
Image by: 1) Mdf  2) Dick Daniels - Royal Palm Reserve, Negril, Jamaica    3) Jerry Oldenettel - Belize   4) Len Blumin - Californina   5)   Barloventomagico - Venezuela  6) Nick Athanas - Ecuador


Flycatcher,_Galapagos   Myiarchus magnirostris  Found: Galapagos
Image by: 1, 2) Sergey_Pisarevskiy  3) Lip_Kee


Flycatcher, Great Crested  Myiarchus crinitus  Found: southeast Canada to northwest South America.
The Great Crested Flycatcher has brownish upperparts; gray throat, breast; yellow belly. The call is a whistled, weep.
Similar to: Brown-crested Flycatcher. The ranges of Brown-crested Flycatcher and Great Crested Flycatcher do not usually overlap in the United States.
Similar to: Panama Flycatcher. Great Crested Flycatcher has more obvious crest than Panama Flycatcher and also a deeper yellow breast.
Image by:  1, 4, 5, 7) Dick Daniels - North Carolina 2) Jerry Oldenettel - New Mexico    3) Amy Evenstad - Florida   6) Dick - near Penonome, Panama



Flycatcher,_Grenada   Myiarchus nugator  Found: Granada and St. Vincent
Image by: 1) dFaulder - Grenada  2) Mark_Stevens - Grenada


Flycatcher, La Sagra's  Myiarchus sagrae  Found: North America (Alabama, Florida: rare), Caribbean
The La Sagra's Flycatcher's has olive brown upperparts; darker head with short crest; light gray breast; dull white belly; 2 dull wing-bars. The call is a high pitched single or double noted wink.
Similar to: Ash-throated Flycatcher. La Sagra's Flycatcher has a thinner bill than Ash-throated Flycatcher.
Image by: 1) Amy McAndrews - Cuba  2) Blake Maybank - Cuba  3) Carol Foil - Cuba 


Flycatcher,_Lesser_Antillean  Myiarchus oberi  Found: West Indies
The Lesser Antillean Flycatcher has mainly largely brown upperparts; pale wing fringes; brown cap, grayish throat, breast; pale yellow posterior underparts.
Image by: 1) Charles_J_Sharp  2) Don_Faulkner - West Indies


Flycatcher,_Nutting's   Myiarchus nuttingi  Found: Mexico to Costa Rica
The Nutting's Flycatcher has olive-brown upperparts; 2 pale wing-bars; darker head with short crest; gray breast; pale yellow belly; rufous-brown tail.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Mexico  2) Amy_McAndrews - Mexico


Flycatcher,_Pale-edged   Myiarchus cephalotes  Found: Venezuela to Bolivia
The Pale-edged Flycatcher is the only Myiarchus that has pale yellow edge to tail.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  2) Alejandro_Tamayo  3) David_Cook - Ecuador


Flycatcher,_Panama  Myiarchus panamensis  Found: Central and South America
The Panama Flycatcher has olive-brown upperparts; gray throat, upper breast; yellow lower breast, belly. It is found in Costa Rica, Panama, Columbia, Venezuela.
Similar to: Great Crested Flycatcher. Great Crested Flycatcher has more obvious crest than Panama Flycatcher and also a deeper yellow breast.
Image by: 1) Dominic Sherony - Panama  2) Franceso Veronesi - Panama  3) Nick Athanas - Panama


Flycatcher,_Puerto_Rican  Myiarchus antillarum  Endemic to Puerto Rico
Image by: 1) New Jersy Birds  2) Tim  3) Blake_Matheson


Flycatcher,_Rufous-tailed   Myiarchus validus  Found: Cayman Islands, Jamaica
The Rufous-tailed Flycatcher has rufous edged wings, tail; pink on base of bill.
Image by: 1) Charles_J_Sharp - Jamaica  2) Ron_Knight


Flycatcher, Sad   Myiarchus barbirostris  Found: Jamaica
Image in Jamaica by: 1, 2, 4) Dick Daniels  3) Dominic Sherony  5) Ron Knight



Flycatcher,_Short-crested   Myiarchus ferox  Found: South America
The Short-crested Flycatcher has brown upperparts; gray throat, breast; yellow belly.
Image by: 1) Cristiano Crolle - Esteros del Iberà, Argentina  2) Hector Bottai  3) Dario Sanches 4) Nick Athanas - Brazil



Flycatcher,_Sooty-crowned   Myiarchus phaeocephalus  Found: Ecuador, Peru
The Sooty-crowned Flycatcher has gray-brown upperpargs; gray head; whitish-gray throat, breast; yellow belly.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  2) Lip_Kee - Ecuador


Flycatcher, Stolid  Myiarchus stolidus  Found: Caribbean
Image by: 1) Dominic Sherony  2) Ron Knight


Flycatcher,_Swainson's  Myiarchus swainsoni  Found: South America
Swainson's Flycatcher has brown upperparts; gray throat, breast; yellowish belly.
Similar to: Dusky-capped Flycatcher. Dusky-capped Flycatcher has black head; Swainson's Flycatcher has brown head.
Image by:  1) Claudi Timm - Brazil  2) Aaron Maizlish - Brazil  3, 4) Barloventomagico  - Venezuela 


Flycatcher,_Venezuelan   Myiarchus venezuelensis  Found:
The Venezuelan Flycatcher has brownish-gray upperparts; brown crest; gray throat, breast; yellow belly; rufous edged tail feathers (except for outer pair)
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Venezuela  2) Barloventomagico



Genus Ramphotrigon

Flatbill,_Dusky-tailed   Ramphotrigon fuscicauda  Found: mainly Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru; also Columbia
The Dusky-tailed Flatbill has mainly olive-brown upperparts; rusty edging to wings, tail; yellow-streaked underparts.;
Image by: 1) Andre_Grassi - Brazil  2) smdantas


Flatbill,_Large-headed   Ramphotrigon megacephalum  Found: mainly Bolivia, Brazil, Columbia; also Argentina, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
The Large-headed Flatbill has mainly olive upperparts; large wide bill; blackish crown; whitish supercilium; rusty-yellow breast; yellowish belly. Usually found near bamboo.
Image by: 1) Sergio_Gregorio - Brazil  2) Hector_Bottai - Brazil


Flatbill,_Rufous-tailed   Ramphotrigon ruficauda  Found: Brazil, Bolivia and all South American countries to the north
The Rufous-tailed Flatbill has mainly olive upperparts; rufous tail; blackish wings with rufous edging.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Brazil



Genus Rhynchocyclus

Flatbill,_Eye-ringed   Rhynchocyclus brevirostris Found: mainly Mexico, Central America; also Columbia
The Eye-ringed Flatbill has olive-green upperparts; green streaked breast; yellowish belly; white vent; dark gray upper mandible; pinkish-orange lower mandible.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Mexico  2) Roberto González


Flatbill,_Fulvous-breasted  Rhynchocyclus fulvipectus  Found: Andes from Venezuela to Bolivia
The Fulvous-breasted Flatbill has olive upperparts, head; blackish wings with rusty edges; rufous breast; white eye-ring.
Image by: 1) ProAves Colombia  2) Nick Athanas


Flatbill,_Olivaceous   Rhynchocyclus olivaceus Found: South America
The Olivaceous Flatbill has olive-green upperparts; pale yellowish underparts; white eye-ring.
Image by: 1) José Loiza  2, 3) Nick Athanas - Panama


Flatbill,_Pacific   Rhynchocyclus pacificus Found: Columbia, Ecuador
The Pacific Flatbill has dark olive upperparts; blackish wings with rufous edges; yellow-olive underparts.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Columbia



Genus Rhytipterna

Mourner,_Grayish   Rhytipterna simplex  Found: Bolivia, Brazil, and all South American countries to the north
The male Grayish Mourner has gray plumage; female has brownish fringes to wings and tail.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  2) Hector_Bottai - Brazil


Mourner,_Pale-bellied   Rhytipterna immunda  Found: mainly Brazil, Venezuela; also Bolivia, Columbia, the Guianas
Image by: 1) Alexander Lees


Mourner,_Rufous   Rhytipterna holerythra  Found: Mexico, Central America, Columbia, Ecuador
The Rufous Mourner has rufous-brown upperparts; paler undrparts; darker brown wings.
Image by: 1) Francesco_Veronesi - Panama  2, 3) Nick Athanas -Ecuador



Genus Sirystes
The genus Sirystes used to contain just one species, but has been split into four species. They closely resemble each other and are seperated by vocalizations.

Sirystes,_Choco  also Western Sirystes  Sirystes albogriseus  Found: Columbia, Ecuador
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Columbia


Sirystes,_Sibllant  Sirystes sibilator   Found: South America
The Sibilant Sirystes has mainly gray plumage; black crown, wings, tail; white rump.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Brazil  2) Claudio_Timm


Sirystes,_White-rumped   Sirystes albocinereus  Found: Bolivia, Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
Image by: 1) Fernando_Angulo





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