New World FLYCATCHERs

Order Passeriformes    Family Tyrannidae

The tyrant flycatchers (Tyrannidae) occur throughout North and South America. They are now considered the largest family of birds on Earth, with around 400 species. As could be expected from a family this large, the members vary greatly in habitat, shape, patterns and colors. Some Tyrant flycatchers superficially resemble the Old World flycatchers. Most, but not all, are rather plain, and many have erectile crests. Most are insectivorous, but some will eat fruit or small vertebrates.

The Tyrannidae family is presented in these web pages:
1) Tyrants, Black-Tyrants, Tit-Tyrants  2) Pygmy Tyrants, Tody-Flycatchers, Tody-Tyrants
3) Tyrants, Bush-Tyrants, Chat-Tyrants, Ground-Tyrants, Shrike Tyrants; Monjitas
4) Tyrannulets   5) Doradito, Elaenia, Tachuri  
6) Flycatchers, Spadebills, Twistwings  7) Flycatchers, Pewees, Phoebes
8) Flycatchers, Attilas, Flatbills, Sirystes  9) Flycatchers, Kingbirds, Kiskadees

Tyrants, Black-Tyrants, Tit-Tyrants

 
Genus Anairetes
The tit-tyrants are fairly small birds that get their common name from the tit family, due to their energetic tit-like dispositions and appearance, primarily in their crests. Most species are streaked. They live in temperate or arid scrub habitats and are mainly found in the Andes mountains.

Tyrant,_Ash-breasted_Tit-  Anairetes alpinus  Found: Bolivia, Peru
The Ash-breasted Tit-Tyrant has mainly dark gray plumage; black wings with white wing-bars; black tail with white outer tail feathers.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Peru


Tyrant,_Black-crested_Tit-  Anairetes nigrocristatus  Found: Ecuador, northern Peru
The Black-crested Tit-Tyrant has black face, forehead, chin; black spiky fore-creast; white rear-creat; nape; black-and-white streaked back, breast, upper-belly; white lower-belly; red bill.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Equador  2) Opisska - Peru


Tyrant,_Juan_Fernandez_Tit-  Anairetes fernandezianus  Found: Juan Fernandez Archipelago of Chile.
Image by: 1) d_robichaud - Chile


Tyrant,_Pied_Tit-  Anairetes reguloides  Found: mainly Peru; also northern Chile
The Pied Tit-Tyrant has black face, chin; coarse black and white streaks on breast, back; white belly.
Similar to: Black-crested Tit-Tyrant. Their range only overlaps in Ancash, Peru. Pied Tit-Tyrant has more black on back than Black-crested Tit-Tyrant.
Image by: 1) Steve Bird - Chile


Tyrant,_Tufted_Tit-  Anairetes parulus  Found: South America
The Tufted Tit-Tyrant  has a conspicuous crest; grayish-brown back; black head with traces of white; white throat and breast covered with black streaks.
Image by: 1) dFaulder - Puerto Aisen, Chile  Nick Athanas - Argentina


Tyrant,_Yellow-billed_Tit-  Anairetes flavirostris  Found: western South America from Peru to Argentina
The Yellow-billed Tit-Tyrant has dark gray upperparts, tail; balck and white streaked breast; white belly; yellow base of bill.
Image by: 1) Dominic_Sherony - Peru  2) Nick Athanas - Argentina



Genus Corythopis

Antpipit,_Ringed  Corythopis torquatus  Found: northern South America
The Ringed Antpipit has mainlymedium brown to dark gray upperparts; tawny rear collar patch (henced name "ringed"); white breast with black patches and streaking.
Similar to: Southern Antpit. Southern Antpipit has white around eyes; Ringed Antpipit does not, Their ranges do not overlap much.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Columbia  2) Chrystopher Canaday - Ecuador


Antpipit,_Southern  Corythopis delalandi  Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uraguay
The Southern Antpit has olive upperparts; white throat; white around eye; black upper breast transitions to white belly.
Similar to: Ringed Antpit. Southern Antpipit has white around eyes; Ringed Antpipit does not, Their ranges do not overlap much.
Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches - Brazil  3) Nick Athanas - Brazil



Genus Culicivora - 1 species

Tyrant,_Sharp-tailed  Culicivora caudacuta  Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay
The Sharp-tailed Tyrant has striped brown and tawny upperparts; long narrow tail; dark cap; white supercilium; tawny upper-breast, flanks; whitish belly.
Image by: 1, 2) Nick Athanas  3) Savio Bruno



Genus Hymenops -1 species

Tyrant, Spectacled  Hymenops perspicillatus  Found: South America
The male Spectacled Tyrant has black plumage with white primary wing feathers; ivory bill; bold yellowish eye-ring, from whence comes the name. Female has streaked brown upperparts; yellowish eye-ring; whitish supercilium; buff underparts with gray-brown streaking; rufous primaries.
Image by:  1 ) Cláudio Timm - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil   2) dFaulder - Buenos Aires, Argentina  3) Cristiano Crolle - Esteros del Iberà, Argentina  4) Charlie Westerinen - Bueos Aires, Argentina  
1) Female  2 - 4) Male



Genus Knipolegus
Black-Tyrants.

Tyrant,_Amazonian_Black-  Knipolegus poecilocercus   Found: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Venezuela
The male Amazonian Black-Tyrant has shiny black plumage; blue bill. Female has olive-brown upperparts; streaked and paler underparts with rufous edging to tail feathers.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Brazil  2) Thiago_Laranjeiras - Brazil
1) Female 2) Male


Tyrant, Blue-billed Black-  Knipolegus cyanirostris  Found: South America
The male Blue-billed Black-Tyrant has dark blue plumage; red eye; pale blue bill; white on inner flight feathers. Female has rufous-brown upperparts; light streaked underparts; 2 white wing-bars.
Similar to: Hudson's Black-Tyrant. Male Hudson's Black-Tyrant is coal black; male Blue-billed Tyrant is blue black.
Image by: 1, 4) Dario Sanches - Brazil  2) Cláudio Timm - Brazil  3) Nick Athanas - Brazil
1, 2, 3) Female  4) Male


Tyrant,_Cinereous   Knipolegus striaticeps Found: mainly Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay; also Brazil
The male Cinereous Tyrant has black upperparts; red eyes; 2 gray wing-bars; dark gray underparts. Female has olive-brown upperparts; rufous on crown, nape, undertail coverts; pale lores; 2 white wing-bars; blackish tail.
Image by: 1, 2) Nick Athanas - Argentina


Tyrant, Crested Black-  Knipolegus lophotes  Found: mainly Brazil; also Parguay, Urqguay
Both sexes of the Creasted Black-Tyrant has glossy-black plumage; black crest; white at base of flight feathers; red eyes.
Image by: 1) Tude e Joao - Brazil  2) Claudio Timm   Nick Athanas - Brazil


Tyrant,_Hudson's_Black-  Knipolegus hudsoni  Found: South America
The male Hudson's Black-Tyrant has glossy-black plumage; white wing stripe in flight. Female has brown upperparts; lighter brown underparts with streaks; 2 white wing-bars. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, and Peru.
Similar to: Blue-billed Black-Tyrant. Male Hudson's Black-Tyrant is coal black; male Blue-billed Black-Tyrant is blue black.
Similar to: White-winged Black-Tyrant. The male White-winged Black-Tyrant has more white on its wings than male Hudson's Black-Tyrant and it more conspicuous.
Image by: 1) Alex_Jahn  2) Joseph Smit   3) Hernan_Povedano - Argentina
1) Female 2, 3) Male
2) White on wing is misleading; only visible in flight.


Tyrant,_Jelski's_Black-  also  Andean Tyrant  Knipolegus signatus   Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Peru
The male Jelski's Tyrant has dark gray to black plumage; red eyes; white edging to some wing feathers. Female has brown upperparts; paler underparts; dull eyed.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Argentina
1) Female 2) Juvenile male


Tyrant,_Plumbeous_Black-  Knipolegus cabanisi   Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Peru
Male has dark gray plumage; black wings; red eyes; white edging to some wing feathers. Female has brown upperparts; whitish underparts
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Argentina 2) Ron_Knight - Argentina


Tyrant,_Riverside  Knipolegus orenocensis   Found: Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
The Riverside Tyrant is usually found near water.
Image by: 1) John_Gerrard_Keulemans  2) David_Ascanio - Venezuela


Tyrant,_Rufous-tailed  Knipolegus poecilurus   Found: Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
The Rufous-tailed Tyrant has gray upperparts; blackish wings; 2 ashy wing-bars; red eyes; pale ashy throat, breast; salmon colored belly.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas -  Peru  2) Alejandro_Tamayo


Tyrant, Velvety Black-   Knipolegus nigerrimus  Found: Brazil
The Velvety Black-Tyrant has velvet-black plumage; black crest; white at base of flight feathers. Female has dark-red throat patch.
Image by: 1) Dario Sanches - Brazil   2) Bart van Dorp - Brazil 3) Nick Athanas - Brazil
1) Female  2, 3) Male


Tyrant, White-winged Black-  Knipolegus aterrimus  Found: South America
The male White-winged Black-Tyrant has black plumage with distinctive white wings in flight. Female has brown upperparts; cinnamon-buff underparts; 2 white or buff wing-bars.
Similar to: Hudson's Black-Tyrant. The male White-winged Black-Tyrant has more white on its wings than male Hudson's Black-Tyrant and it more conspicuous.
Image by: 1) Pablo_Caceres_Contreras  2) Claudio Timm   3, 4) Sascha Wenninger - Peru 
1) Female 2, 3, 4) Male



Genus Muscigralla - 1 species

Tyrant, Short-tailed Field  Muscigralla brevicauda  Found: South America
The Short-tailed Field Tyrant has short tail; long legs; brownish-gray upperparts; yellow crown stripe, often concealed; 2 bold wing-bars; white supercilium; chestnut upper tail coverts; pale yellowish underparts. Found in Chile, Peru, Ecuador.
Image by: 1) in Alcide Dessalines d'Orbigny   2) David Cook - Arbol Millenary Reserve, via Chiclayo, Peru 



Genus Oncostoma

Bentbill,_Northern  Oncostoma cinereigulare  Found: Mexico, Central Amercia, Columbia
The Northern Bentbill has a short, down-curved bill.
Image by: 1) Jorge_Montejo - Mexico  2) Jerry_Oldenettel - Mexico  3) Dominic_Sherony


Bentbill, Southern  Oncostoma olivaceum  Found: Columbia and Panama
The Southern Bentbill has a curved bill; gray upperparts; olive-yellow throat, breast; off-white belly.
Image by: 1) Joule E  2) Dominic Sherony



Genus Satrapa - 1 species

Tyrant, Yellow-browed  Satrapa icterophrys  Found: South America
The Yellow-browed Tyrant has dark olive upperparts, crown; dark eye line / patch; yellow supercilium, underparts
Image by: 1, 2) Gustavo Duran - Argentina  3) Lip Kee Yap - Ibera Marshes, Argentina  4) Nick Athanas - Argentina



Genus Stigmatura

Tyrant,_Greater_Wagtail  Stigmatura budytoides  Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay
The Greater Wagtail has olive upperparts; yellow supercilium, underparts.
Simlilar to: Lesser Wagtail. The Lesser Wagtail has a more northern range than the Lesser Wagtail.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Brazil  2) Ron_Knight - Argentina


Tyrant,_Lesser_Wagtail  Stigmatura napensis  Found: Brazil, Ecuador, Peru
The Greater Wagtail has olive upperparts; yellow supercilium, underparts; long tail.
Simlilar to: Greater Wagtail. The Lesser Wagtail has a more northern range than the Lesser Wagtail.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas  2) Hector_Bottai - Brazil



Genus Tachuris - 1 species

Tyrant,_Many-colored_Rush  Tachuris rubrigastra  Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru
The Mamy-colored Rush Tyrant has green mantle, rump; dark blue-gray face; yellow stripe over eye; dark crown; white throat; black breast-band; red under-tail coverts. Underparts mainly yellow or white, depending on subspecies.
Image by: 1, 2) Nick Athanas - Chile  2) Hector_Bottai - Uruguay  3) Cristián_Pinto
1) T. r, libertatis  2) T. r. rubrigastra



Genus Uromyias
These Tit-tyrants are sometimes included with Anairetes. Compared with (other) members of Anairetes, they have a neglible crest.

Tyrant,_Agile_Tit-  Uromyias agilis  Found: mainly Columbia, Ecuador; also western Venezuela
The Agile Tit-Tyrant has brown head with broad white supercilium; white streaked cheeks; black upperparts with brown edging; whitish underparts with thin dark streaks.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  2) Michael_Woodruff - Ecuadro


Tyrant,_Unstreaked_Tit-  Uromyias agraphia  Found: Peru
The Unstreaked Tit-Tyrant has brown upperparts; black crest which appears pushed back to the rear; black eye-line; lightly streaked gray face and throat; pale yellow belly.
Image by: 1) Dominic Sherony  2) Nick Athanas - Peru







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