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New World FLYCATCHERs

Order Passeriformes    Family Tyrannidae

The tyrant flycatchers (Tyrannidae) occur throughout North and South America. They are now considered the largest family of birds on Earth, with around 400 species. As could be expected from a family this large, the members vary greatly in habitat, shape, patterns and colors. Some Tyrant flycatchers superficially resemble the Old World flycatchers. Most, but not all, are rather plain, and many have erectile crests. Most are insectivorous, but some will eat fruit or small vertebrates.

The Tyrannidae family is presented in these web pages:
1) Tyrants, Black-Tyrants, Tit-Tyrants  2) Pygmy Tyrants, Tody-Flycatchers, Tody-Tyrants
3) Tyrants, Bush-Tyrants, Chat-Tyrants, Ground-Tyrants, Shrike Tyrants; Monjitas
4) Tyrannulets   5) Doradito, Elaenia, Tachuri  
6) Flycatchers, Spadebills, Twistwings  7) Flycatchers, Pewees, Phoebes
8) Flycatchers, Attilas, Flatbills, Sirystes  9) Flycatchers, Kingbirds, Kiskadees

Flycatchers, Kingbirds, Kiskadees



Genus Conopias

Flycatcher,_Lemon-browed   Conopias cinchoneti  Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
The Lemon-browed Flycatcher can be separated from similar species by the yellow supercilium.
Image by: 1) Francesco_Veronesi


Flycatcher,_Three-striped  Conopias trivirgatus  Found: South America
The Three-striped Flycatcher has olive upperparts; blackish wings;  black head with very broad white supercilium; short stout bill; bright yellow underparts.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Columbia  2) Hector_Bottai - Brazil
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Flycatcher,_White-ringed   Conopias albovittatus  Found: Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Columbia, Ecuador
The White-ringed Flycatcher has olive-green upperparts; white superciiium joined at forehead and nape to form a ring; blackish ear coverts; white throat; yellow underparts.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Columbia  2) Caro Gmz - Costa Rica


Flycatcher,_Yellow-throated   Conopias parvus  Found: Bolivia, Brazil, and South American countries to the north
The Yellow-throated Flycatcher has dark olive upperparts; black head with yellow crown; mostly yellow throat; white superciliums connected at nape; yellow underparts.
Image by: 1) Hector_Bottai



Genus Empidonomus - 1 species
Empidonomus are medium sized tyrant flycatchers with relatively long, slender bodies, a long tail

Flycatcher,_Crowned_Slaty  Empidonomus aurantioatrocristatus  Found: South America
The Crowned Slaty Flycatcher has brownish-gray upperparts; black crown with semi-hidden golden patch; gray supercilium; dark eye-line; light gray underparts.
Image by: 1) Nick_Athanas - Argentina  2, 3) Hector Bottai - Brazil


Flycatcher,_Variegated  Empidonomus varius Found: South America
The Variegated Flycatcher has dark black and brown scaled upperparts; black crown; wide white supercilium; black eye-line; light throat; whitish breast streaked with with brown; yellow belly.
Similar to: Streaked Flycatcher. Streaked Flycatcher has bolder streaks on underparts, heavier bill; Variegated Flycatcher has white bolder supercilium.
Image by:   1) Dario Sanches - Brazil  2) Claudi Timm  3) Barloventomagico - Venezuela  4) Nick_Athanas - Brazil



Genus Legatus - 1 species

Flycatcher,_Piratic   Legatus leucophaius  Found: Mexico, Central America, South America
The Piratic Flycatcher has brown upperparts; brown wings with white edges; long whitish supercilium; concealed yellow crown stripe; dusky mask; white throat; white malar stripe; whitish underparts with some light yellow; brownish streaking on breast.
Image by: 1) Carlos_Henrique  2) Claudio_Timm  3) Tony_Morris - Venezuela



Genus Megarhynchus - 1 species

Flycatcher, Boat-billed  Megarhynchus pitangua  Found: Central and South America
The Boat-billed Flycatcher has olive-brown upperparts with brown wings and tail; heavy black bill; black head with white wide supercilium; white throat; yellow underparts.
Similar to: Great Kiskadee, Lesser Kiskadee. The Boat-billed Flycatcher has a more massive bill than the Great Kiskadee and Lesser Kiskadee.
Image by: 1) Dario Sanches - Brazil 



Genus Myiodynastes


Flycatcher,_Baird's   Myiodynastes bairdii  Found: Ecuador, Peru
The Baird's Flycatcher has olive upperparts; rufous wings; black face mask; white supercilium; gray-streaked white throat; yellow underparts; pink to base of mandible.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Peru


Flycatcher,_Golden-bellied   Myiodynastes hemichrysus  Found: Costa Rica, Panama
The Golden-bellied Flycatcher has olive-green upperparts; mainly blackish head; white supercilium, malar stripe; rufous-fringed wing feathers; yellow underparts; usually concealed yellow crown patch.
Image by: 1) Francesco_Veronesi - Costa Rica  2) Michael_Woodruff - Costa Rica


Flycatcher,_Golden-crowned   Myiodynastes chrysocephalus  Found: mainly Venezuela to Bolivia; also Argentina
The Golden-crowned Flycatcher has often hidden golden mid-crown streak; white supercilium; yellow underparts with blurry breast streaking.
Image by: 1) Lilac_Breasted_Roller - Ecuador  2, 3) Nick Athanas - Ecuador, Columbia    4) Alejandro_Tamayo


Flycatcher,_Streaked  Myiodynastes maculatus  Found: Central America and South America
The Streaked Flycatcher has brown upperparts with darker brown streaks; whitish underparts with brown streaks.
Similar to: Sulpher-bellied Flycatcher. Streaked Flycatcher has a streaked white belly; Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher has a streaked yellowish belly.
Similar to: Variegated Flycatcher. Streaked Flycatcher has bolder streaks on underparts, heavier bill; Variegated Flycatcher has white bolder supercilium.
Image by:  1) dFaulder - Argentina   2, 3) Dario Sanches - Brazil  4) Patty McGann - Panama


Flycatcher,_Sulphur-bellied  Myiodynastes luteiventris  Found: North America (Arizona, New Mexico), South America
The Sulpher-bellied Flycatcher has brown upperparts with darker brown streaks; dark eye-line; whitish breast with brown streaks; yellow belly.
Similar to: Streaked Flycatcher. Streaked Flycatcher has a streaked white belly; Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher has a streaked yellowish belly.
Image by: 1) Dominic Sherony 2) Amy McAndrews - Mexico  3) Jerry Oldenettel - New Mexico  4) Bird Brian



Genus Myiozetetes

Flycatcher,_Dusky-chested   Myiozetetes luteiventris  Found: Bolivia, Brazil and South American countries to the north.
The Dusky-chested Flycatcher has brown upperparts; dusky breast; yellow underparts.
Image by: 1) Bruno Rennó


Flycatcher, Gray-capped  Myiozetetes granadensis  Found: Central and South America
The Gray-capped Flycatcher has olive-brown upperparts; dark gray head with slight supercilium; brown wings, tail; white throat; yellow underparts.
Similar to: Social Flycatcher. The Social Flycatcher has a more prominent white supercilum than does the Gray-capped Flycatcher.
Image by: 1, 2) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica


Flycatcher,_Rusty-margined   Myiozetetes cayanensis  Found: Panama south to Bolivia and Brazil
The Rusty-margined Flycatcher has brown upperparts; dark sooty head; broad white supercilium; cinnamon edged wings; bright yellow underparts.
Image by: 1) Nick_Athanas - Panama  2) Alejandro_Tamayo - Columbia  3) Barloventomagico


Flycatcher, Social  Myiozetetes similis Found: Central and South America
The Social Flycatcher has olive-brown upperparts; dark gray head with white supercilium; brown wings, tail; white throat; yellow underparts.
Similar to: Great Kiskadee. Great Kiskadee has much larger bill than Social Flycatcher. Social Flycatcher has brighter underparts.
Similar to: Gray-capped Flycatcher. The Social Flycatcher has a more prominent white supercilum than does the Gray-capped Flycatcher.
Similar to: White-ringed Flycatcher. White-ringed Flycatcher's supercilium completely encircles the head; Social Flycatcher's superciliums are seperate. White-ringed Flycatcher has longer bill.
Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches in Brazil  3) Dick Daniels - Panama City, Panama  4) Dick - Soberania National Park, Panama



Genus Onychorhynchus
Royal Flycatcher have a striking, colourful crest which is seen after mating, while preening, in courtship as well as being handled. Depending on the authority, the is one species in the genus with four subpecies or 4 species.

Flycatcher, Northern Royal  Onychorhynchus (coronatus) mexicanus  Found: Central America and northern South America
The Northern Royal Flycatcher has brown upperparts; small buffy spots on wing coverts.
Image by: 1) US Geological Survery  2) Steve Garvie - Santa Rosa NP, Guanacaste, Costa Rica  3) Jerry Oldenettel - Belize



Genus Phelpsia - 1 species

Flycatcher,_White-bearded   Phelpsia inornata  Found: mainly Venezuela; also ColumbiaI
Image by: 1, 2) Barloventomagico - Venezuela



Genus Pitangus

Kiskadee, Great  Pitangus sulphuratus  Found: south central USA to South America
The Great Kiskadee has brown  upperparts; black crown; wide white supercilium encircles black crown; wide black eye-line; white lower face, throat; heavy black bill; yellow underparts.
Similar to: Boat-billed Flycatcher. The Boat-billed Flycatcher has a more massive bill than the Great Kiskadee.
Similar to: Lesser Kiskadee. Lesser Kiskadee is smaller than Great Kiskadee and more slender. Lesser Kiskadee has a more slender bill than Great Kiskadee.
Similar to: Social Flycatcher. Great Kiskadee has much larger bill than Social Flycatcher. Social Flycatcher has brighter underparts.
Image by:  1, 2) dFaulder - Buenos Aires, Argentina  3) Dick Daniels - Boquette, Panama   4) Elaine R Wilson  - Martin Homestead Refuge, Edinburg, Texas 5) Dario Sanches - Brazil   6) Cristiano Crolle - Esteros del Iberà, Argentina  7) Pablo Leautaud - Mexico



Kiskadee, Lesser  Pitangus lictor  Found: Panama to South America
The Lesser Kiskadee has brown  upperparts; black crown; wide white supercilium encircles black crown; wide black eye-line; white lower face, throat; long and relatively thin black bill; yellow underparts.
Similar to: Boat-billed Flycatcher. The Boat-billed Flycatcher has a more massive bill than the Lesser Kiskadee.
Similar to: Great Kiskadee. Lesser Kiskadee is smaller than Great Kiskadee and more slender. Lesser Kiskadee has a more slender bill than Great Kiskadee.
Image by: 1) Dominic Sherony  2) Tambako - Brazil   3) Danile Colombo - Brazil  4) Dick Daniels - Soberania National Park, Panama



Genus Tyrannus
Members of Tyrannus prefer semi-open or open areas. These birds wait on an exposed perch and then catch insects in flight. They have long pointed wings and large broad bills. These birds tend to defend their breeding territories aggressively, often chasing away much larger birds.

Flycatcher, Fork-tailed  Tyrannus savana  Found: North America (rare), South America
The Fork-tailed Flycatcher has gray upperparts; black head; white throat, underparts. Males have a long forked tail.
Similar to: Scissor Flycatcher. Fork-tailed Flycatcher has a dark head; Scissor-tailed Flycatcher has a light head.
Image by: 1, 4) Dario Sanches - Brazil   2) Claudio Timm - Brazil  3) dFaulder - Ceibas area, Entre Rios, Argentina


Flycatcher, Scissor-tailed  Tyrannus forficatus  Found: south central USA to South America
The Scissor-tailed Flycatcher has pale gray upperparts, head; light underparts; salmon-pink flanks; extremely long forked tails.
Similar to: Fork-tailed Flycatcher. Fork-tailed Flycatcher has a dark head; Scissor-tailed Flycatcher has a light head.
Image by: 1, 6) Ken Slade - Texas    2, 3) Dick Daniels - National Aviary   4) Gary Kramer of the USFWS  5) Sandy Cole National Aviay



Kingbird, Cassin's  Tyrannus vociferans  Found: west USA to Honduras
The Cassin's Kingbird has gray-olive upperparts with beige wings; gray head; slightly darker cheeks; pale throat; gray breast; yellow belly.
Similar to: Couch's Kingbird, Tropical Kingbird. Cassin's Kingbird has gray on breast; Couch's Kingbird, Tropical Kingbird have yellow on breast.
Similar to: Western Kingbird. White under chin of Cassin's Kingbird more defined than for Western Kingbird. Gray on Cassin's chest is darker.
Image by: 1) Davefoc - California  2) Linda Tanner   3) Jamie Chavez - California   4) Pablo Leautard - Mexico  5) Mike Baird - CA



Kingbird, Couch's  Tyrannus couchii  Found: south Texas to Guatemala and Belize
The Couch's Kingbird has grayish-olive upperparts;  gray head; light throat; gray upper-breast transitions to yellow lower-breast; yellow belly.
Similar to: Cassin's Kingbird, Western Kingbird. Cassin's Kingbird, Western Kingbird have gray on breast; Couch's Kingbird has yellow on breast.
Similar to: Tropical Kingbird. Tropical Kingbirds and Couch's Kingbirds are very similar. They are best identified by voice. Couch's tends to have longer bill.
Image by: 1) Jerry Oldenettel - Texas  2, 3, 4) Carol Foil - Belize
4) Note the seldom seen red crest


Kingbird, Eastern Tyrannus tyrannus Found: North America, South America
The Eastern Kingbird has gray-black upperparts, head; white throat, underparts; white-tipped tail.
Similar to: Gray Kingbird. Upperparts of Eastern Kingbird are darker. Gray Kingbird tail is distinctly tipped with white; Gary Kingbird is not.
Similar to: Loggerhead Kingbird. Their ranges do not overlap. Upperparts of Eastern Kingbird are darker. Loggerhead Kingfisher has larger bill.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - North Carolina   4) Dawn Huczek


Kingbird, Giant   Tyrannus cubensis  Found: Cuba
The Giant Kingbird is not the largest kingbird; Thick-billed Kingbird is slightly larger.
Similar to: Loggerhead Kingbird. Giant Kingbird has a shorter tail than Loggerhead Kingbird. Lower border of Loggerhead Kingbird's cap is more clearly defined.
Image by: 1) Dominic Sherony 2) Laura Gooch - Cuba


Kingbird, Gray  Tyrannus dominicensis  Found: coastal southeast USA to Columbia and Venezuela, Caribbean
The Gray Kingbird has gray upperparts with brownish wings and tail; white underparts with grayish tinge to breast; dusky mask through the eye.
Similar to: Eastern Kingbird. Upperparts of Eastern Kingbird are darker. Gray Kingbird tail is distinctly tipped with white; Gary Kingbird is not.
Similar to: Loggerhead Kingbird. Gray Kingbird has a gray cap and a dusky mask through the eyes; Loggerhead Kingbird has a black cap and no mask through the eyes.
Similar toThick-billed Kingbird. Gray Kingbird and Thick-billed Kingbird both have large bills. Thick-billed Kingbird usually has some yellow on the belly, Gray Kingbird has a white belly.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - Puerto Rico  4) Dick - St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands


Kingbird, Loggerhead  Tyrannus caudifasciatus  Found: Caribbean
The Loggerhead Kingbird has olive-brown upperparts; dark head; white underparts; whitish tipped tail.
Similar to: Eastern Kingbird. Their ranges do not overlap. Upperparts of Eastern Kingbird are darker. Loggerhead Kingfisher has larger bill.Similar to: Giant Kingbird. Giant Kingbird has a shorter tail than Loggerhead Kingbird. Lower border of Loggerhead Kingbird's cap is more clearly defined.
Similar to: Gray Kingbird. Gray Kingbird has a gray cap and a dusky mask through the eyes; Loggerhead Kingbird has a black cap and no mask through the eyes.
Similar toThick-billed Kingbird. Gray Kingbird and Thick-billed Kingbird both have large bills. Thick-billed Kingbird usually has some yellow on the belly, Gray Kingbird has a white belly.
Image by: 1) Laura Gooch - Cuba  2, 3, 4) Dick Daniels - Jamaica 


Kingbird, Snowy-throated Tyrannus niveigularis  Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The Snowy-throated has olive-green upperparts; pale-gray head; white throat, upper-breast; yellow lower-breast, belly.
Similar to; Tropical Kingbird, White-throated Kingbird. Snowy-throated Kingbird has whiter throat and darker side of head than Tropical Kingbird or White-throated Kingbird.
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Richard Gibbons - Peru


Kingbird, Thick-billed  Tyrannus crassirostris  Found: sowthwest USA to Guatemala
The Thick-billed Kingbird has olive-brown upperparts; dull white throat transistion to pale yellow belly; dark tail.
Similar toGray Kingbird. Gray Kingbird and Thick-billed Kingbird both have large bills. Thick-billed Kingbird usually has some yellow on the belly, Gray Kingbird has a white belly.
Similar to: Loggerhead Kingbird. Gray Kingbird has a gray cap and a dusky mask through the eyes; Loggerhead Kingbird has a black cap and no mask through the eyes.
Image by: 1) Jerry Oldenettel - Arizona  2, 3, 4) Marcel Holyoak - Arizona and Mexico


Kingbird, Tropical  Tyrannus melancholicus  Found: The Americas
The Tropical Kingbird has a grayish-green back; brown wings, forked-tail; pale gray throat; yellow breast, belly.
Similar to: Cassin's Kingbird, Western Kingbird. Cassin's Kingbird, Western Kingbird have gray on breast; Tropical Kingbird has yellow on breast.
Similar to; Couch's Kingbird. Tropical Kingbirds and Couch's Kingbirds are very similar. They are best identified by voice. Couch's tends to have longer bill.
Similar to; Snowy-throated Kingbird. Snowy-throated Kingbird has whiter throat and darker side of head than Tropical Kingbird.
Similar to; White-throated Kingbird. The eye mask of White-throated Kingbird more significant than that of Tropical Kingbird. White-throated Kingbrd has whiter throat.
Image by: 1) Bill Bouton - California  2) Dario Sanches - Brazil     3) dFaulder - Argentina    4, 6) Dick Daniels - Machu Piccu, Peru  5) Wagner Lemes   7) Dick - Panama City, Panama
6) Adult and juvenile



Kingbird, Western Tyrannus verticalis Found: North America
The Western Kingbird has gray-olive upperparts; gray head; dark eye-line; light throat; light upper-breast transitioning to orange-yellow belly; long black tail.
Similar to: Cassin's Kingbird. White under chin of Cassin's Kingbird more defined than for Western Kingbird. Gray on Cassin's chest is darker.
Similar to: Couch's Kingbird, Tropical Kingbird. Western Kingbird has gray on breast; Couch's Kingbird, Tropical Kingbird have yellow on breast.
Image by: 1) John and_Karen Hollingsworth  of the US_Fish and Wildlife Service  2)  Linda Tanner    3) Jamie Chavez - California  4) Ken Slade - Texas


Kingbird,_White-throated Tyrannus albogularis  Found: South America - the Amazon Basin
The White-throated Kingbird has a grayish-green back; brown wings, forked-tail; dark eye-mask; white throat; yellow breast, belly.
Similar to; Snowy-throated Kingbird. Snowy-throated Kingbird has whiter throat and darker side of head than White-throated Kingbird.
Similar to: Tropical Kingbird. The eye mask of White-throated Kingbird more significant than that of Tropical Kingbird. White-throated Kingbrd has whiter throat.
Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches - Brazil  3) Nick Athanas - Brazil



Genus Tyrannopsis - 1 species

Flycatcher,_Sulphury   Tyrannopsis sulphurea  Found: Bolivia, Brazil and South American countries to the north
The Sulphury Flycatcher has olive upperparts; brown tail,wings; dark gray head, neck; hidden yellow crown patch; white throat; yellow underparts with greenish tint to upper-breast.
Image by: 1) Hector_Bottai - Brazil





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