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New World FLYCATCHERs

Order Passeriformes    Family Tyrannidae

The tyrant flycatchers (Tyrannidae) occur throughout North and South America. They are now considered the largest family of birds on Earth, with around 400 species. As could be expected from a family this large, the members vary greatly in habitat, shape, patterns and colors. Some Tyrant flycatchers superficially resemble the Old World flycatchers. Most, but not all, are rather plain, and many have erectile crests. Most are insectivorous, but some will eat fruit or small vertebrates.

The Tyrannidae family is presented in these web pages:
1) Tyrants, Black-Tyrants, Tit-Tyrants  2) Pygmy Tyrants, Tody-Flycatchers, Tody-Tyrants
3) Tyrants, Bush-Tyrants, Chat-Tyrants, Ground-Tyrants, Shrike Tyrants; Monjitas
4) Tyrannulets   5) Doradito, Elaenia, Tachuri  
6) Flycatchers, Spadebills, Twistwings  7) Flycatchers, Pewees, Phoebes
8) Flycatchers, Attilas, Flatbills, Sirystes  9) Flycatchers, Kingbirds, Kiskadees

Tyrannulets



Genus Camptostoma
The two beardless-tyrannulet species are active birds, feeding in a vireo or warbler-like fashion on insects, spiders and berries. They build domed nests with side entrances.

Tyrannulet, Northern Beardless   Camptostoma imberbe  Found: Arizona, Texas, Mexico, Central America
The Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet has gray-green upperparts becoming paler on the  rump; dark brown head with erectile crest; pale supercilium; brown wings with two pale wing-bars; brown tail; gray throat;
Similar to: Juvenile Verdin.
Similar to: Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet. The Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet is brighter, especially its wing-bars.
Image by: 1) Seabamirum - Arizona  2) Marcel Holyoak - Arizona  3) Amy McAndrews - Mexico


Tyrannulet,_Southern_Beardless  Camptostoma obsoletum  Found: South America
The Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet has gray-green upperparts becoming paler on the  rump; brown tail, wings; dark brown or gray head with erectile crest; faint supercilium; yellowish breast; yellow belly.
Similar to: Slender-billed Tyrannulet. Slender-billed Tyrannulet song is a level, rapid trill; Southern Beardless Tyrannulet has simple whistled calls.
Image by: 1) Litlok  2) Claudio_Timm - Brazil  3) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  4) Lip_Kee - Argentina



Genus Capsiempis - 1 species

Tyrannulet,_Yellow  Capsiempis flaveola  Found: Nicaragua to ne Argentina and se Brazil.
The Yellow Tyrannulet has olive-green upperparts; whitish or yellow supercilium; brown wings with 2 yellowish wing-bars; bright yellow underparts.
Image by: 1) David Rodríguez Arias - Costa Rica  2) Tim - Costa Rica  3) Nick Athanas - Brazil 



Genus Inezia

Tyrannulet,_Amazonian  Inezia subflava  Found: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela
The Amazonian Tyrannulet has dark olive upperparts; white arc above eye, lores; pale yellow underparts.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Brazil  2) Claudio_Timm - Brazil


Tyrannulet,_Pale-tipped  Inezia caudata  Found: mainly Columbia, the Guianas, Venezuela; also Brazil
Image by: 1) Feroze_Omardeen  2) Mike_Allen - Suriname


Tyrannulet,_Plain  Inezia inornata  Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Peru
The Plain Tyrannulet has grayish olive-brown upperparts; 2 narrow white wing-bars; pale supercilium; gray face; pale underparts becoming yellowish near vent.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Brazil  2) Hector_Bottai - Brazil


Tyrannulet,_Slender-billed  Inezia tenuirostris  Found: mainly northwest Venezuela; also bordering Columbia
Similar to: Southern Beardless Tyrannulet. Slender-billed Tyrannulet song is a level, rapid trill; Southern Beardless Tyrannulet has simple whistled calls.
Image by: 1) Barloventomagico - Venezuela  2) Daniel_Uribe



Genus Mecocerculus

Tyrannulet,_Buff-banded  Mecocerculus hellmayri  Found: mainly Bolivia; also Argentina, Peru
The Buff-banded Tyrannulet has dull oive upperparts; 2 yellowish wing-bars; gray head; white supercilium; gray underparts, tail.
Similar to: White-tailed Tyrannulet. White-tailed Tyrannule has white in the tail; Buff-banded Tyrannulet has no white in the tail.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Argentina  2) Ron_Knight - Argentina


Tyrannulet,_Rufous-winged  Mecocerculus calopterus  Found: Ecuador, Peru
The Rufous-winged Tyrannulet has olive upperparts; dark crown; white supercilium, underparts; white wing-bars; rufous edging to flight feathers.
Image by: 1) Jorge_Montejo - Peru


Tyrannulet,_Sulpher-bellied  Mecocerculus minor  Found: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
The Sulpher-bellied Tyrannulet has olive upperparts; bright yellow underparts; white supercilium; dark eye-line.
Image by: 1) Adriana_Villamarin


Tyrannulet,_White-banded  Mecocerculus stictopterus  Found: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
The White-banded Tyrannulet has olive upperparts; gray head; white supercilium; 2 broad white wing-bars.
Image by: 1) Michael_Woodruff  Nick Athanas - Ecuador   3) Francesco_Veronesi - Columbia


Tyrannulet,_White-tailed  Mecocerculus poecilocercus  Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The White-tailed Tyrannulet has oive upperparts; 2 yellowish wing-bars; gray head; white supercilium; gray underparts; gray tail with 2 mainly white tail feathers on each side.
Similar to: Buff-banded Tyrannulet. White-tailed Tyrannulet has white in the tail; Buff-banded Tyrannulet has no white in the tail.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Equador 


Tyrannulet,_White-throated  Mecocerculus leucophrys  Found: Venezuela to Argentina
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Nick Athanas - Argentina, Ecuador, Ecuador



Genus Ornithion
Ornithion are small, short-tailed tyrant flycatchers with a relatively heavy bill.

Tyrannulet,_Brown-capped  Ornithion brunneicapillus  Found: Costa Rica, Panama, Columbia, Ecuador, Venezuela
The Brown-capped Tyrannulet has olive upperparts; brown cap; white supercilium; black lores; yellow unerparts.
Image by: 1) Dave_Curtis - Panama  2) Ron_Knight - Columbia  3) Nick Athanas - Ecuador


Tyrannulet,_White-lored  Ornithion inerme  Found: Brazil and surrounding countries
The White-lored Tyrannulet has olive upperparts; gray crown; white line from forehead and lores to past the eyes; the 2 wing-bars are formed by tiny white dots.
Image by: 1) Claudio_Timm  2) Hector_Bottai - Brazil  3) Nick Athanas - Ecuador


Tyrannulet,_Yellow-bellied  Ornithion semiflavum  Found: Mexico, Central America
Image by: 1) John_Gerrard_Keulemans  2) John_van_Dort  3) Nick Athanas - Mexico



Genus Phaeomyias - 1 species

Tyrannulet,_Mouse-colored  Phaeomyias murina  Found: Costa, Panama, South America
The Mouse-colore Tyrannulet has drab plumage; paler underparts; white supercilium.
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 5) Nick Athanas -    Brazil, Panama, Ecuador, Ecuador   4) Barloventomagico - Venezuela
1) P. m. murina   2) P. m. eremonoma  3, 4) P. m. incomta 5) P. m. tumbezana



Genus Phyllomyias
Phylloscartes two subgroups: tyrannulets are more active foragers, frequently cock the tail; and bristle-tyrants which do not cock the tail and are less active when foraging.

Tyrannulet,_Ashy-headed  Phyllomyias cinereiceps  Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The Ashy-headed Tyrannulet has olive upperparts; gray head; whitish supercilium; dull olive breast; yelly belly.
Image by: 1) Francesco_Veronesi - Ecuador  2) Nick Athanas - Ecuador


Tyrannulet,_Bahia  Phylloscartes beckeri  Found: state of Bahia in eastern Brazil
Image by: 1) Joao_Quental


Tyrannulet,_Bay-ringed  Phylloscartes sylviolus  Found: mainly southeeast Brazil; also Argentina, Paraguay
The Bay-ringed Tyrannulet has yellowish-olive upperparts; yellow throat; white underparts.
Image by: 1) Carlos_de_Almeida


Tyrannulet,_Black-capped  Phyllomyias nigrocapillus  Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The Black-capped Tyrannulet has olive-brown upperparts;black crown; white supercilium; 2 yellowish wing-bars; gray throat; pale yellow underparts.
Image by: 1) Roger_Ahlman


Tyrannulet,_Black-fronted  Phylloscartes nigrifrons  Found: mainly Venezuela; also Brazil, Guyana
The Black-fronted Tyrannulet has olive upperparts; gray crown;narrow black forecrown; whitish wing-bars; pale gray underparts.
Image by: 1) Thiago_Laranjeiras


Tyrannulet,_Cinnamon-faced  Phylloscartes parkeri  Found: Bolivia, Peru
The Cinnamon-faced Tyrannulet has cinnamon-rufous lores, fore-crown, and narrow band near eyes; yellow wing-bars; olive-yellow underparts.
Image by: 1) Francesco_Veronesi - Peru


Tyrannulet,_Ecuadorian  Phylloscartes gualaquizae  Found: mainly Ecuador; also Columbia, Peru
The Ecuadorian Tyrannulet has olive-green upperparts; 2 pale wing-bars; gray crown; faint dark eye-line; whitish throat, cheeks; greenish-yellow underparts.
Image by: 1) Francesco_Veronesi  - Ecuador  2) Christian_Nunes - Peru


Tyrannulet,_Gray-capped  Phyllomyias griseocapilla  Found: southeast Brazil
The Gray-capped Tyrannulet has olive upperparts; flight feathers edged yellowish; bluish-gray face; pale olive breast; yellow flanks; white belly.
Image by: 1) Hector_Bottai - Brazil  2) Nick Athanas - Brazil


Tyrannulet,_Greenish  Phyllomyias virescens  Found: mainly Brazil; also Argentina, Paraguay
The Greenish Tyrannulet has olive-green upperparts; pale supercilium; yellowish-white underparts.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Brazil  2) Hector_Bottai - Brazil


Tyrannulet,_Minas_Gerais  Phylloscartes roquettei  Found: eastern Brazil
The Minas Gerais Tyrannulet has yellowish-ochre lores; yellowish wing-bars; yellow throat; pale eye-ring; pale yellow underparts.
Image by: 1) Rodrigo_Conte


Tyrannulet, Mottle-cheeked  Phylloscartes ventralis  Found: South America
The Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet has olive-green upperparts; 2 yellow wing-bars; faint eye-ring; faint eye-line. It often perches with its tail cocked.
Similar to: Sclater's Tyrannulet. Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet has yellower underparts and yellower wing-bars than Sclater's Tyrannulet.
Image by: 1, 3) Cláudio Timm - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil  2) Ben Tavener - Brazil
2) This clearly demonstrated the "mottle-cheek" look.


Tyrannulet,_Olive-green  Phylloscartes virescens  Found: Brazil, the Guianas
The Olive-green Tyrannulet has mainly olive-green pluame; paler underparts; whitish underparts.
Image by: 1) Anselmo d`Affonseca


Tyrannulet,_Oustalet's  Phylloscartes oustaleti  Found: southeast Brazil
The Oustalet's Tyrannulet has a long tail;
Image by: 1) Claudio_Timm


Tyrannulet,_Planalto  Phyllomyias fasciatus  Found: mainly Brazil; also Argentian, Bolivia, Paraguay
The Planalto Tyrannulet has olive-green upperparts; pale area around the eyes; pale supercilium; faint eye-line; 2 pale wing-bars; pale yellowish-underparts.
Image by: 1) Dario_Sanches  2) Nick Athanas - Brazil


Tyrannulet,_Plumbeous-crowned  Phyllomyias plumbeiceps  Found: Columbia to Peru
The Plumbeous-crowned Tyrannulet has olive upperparts; blue-gray crown; white throat; gray breast; yellowish belly, flanks.
Image by: 1) Julian_Londono  2) Nick Athanas - Peru


Tyrannulet,_Reiser's  Phyllomyias reiseri  Found: mainly Brazil; also Paraguay
Image by: 1) Alexander_Lees


Tyrannulet,_Restinga  Phylloscartes kronei  Found: southeast Brazil
The Restinga Tyrannulet has dull olive upperparts; faint yellow supercilium; dark eye-line; pale yellow underparts.
Image by: 1) Aaron_Maizlish  2) Hector_Bottai


Tyrannulet,_Rough-legged  Phyllomyias burmeisteri  Found: South America
The Rough-legged Tyrannulet has olive upperparts; sometimes gray crown; 2 yellowish wing-bars; pale yellowish underparts with some streaking.
Image by: 1) Claudio_Timm  2) Fabio_Rage


Tyrannulet,_Rufous-lored  Phylloscartes flaviventris  Found: coastal area near Caracas Venezuela
The Rufous-lored Tyrannulet has rufous forehead; dark ear coverts; gray crown, nape.
Image by: 1) Daniel_Lane - Venezuela


Tyrannulet,_Sao_Paulo  Phylloscartes paulista  Found: mainly Brazil; also Argentina, Paraguay
The Sao Paulo Tyrannulet has pale greenish-olive upperparts;  dark ear coverts; yellowish underparts.
Image by: 1) Marcel_Holyoak


Tyrannulet,_Sclater's Phyllomyias sclateri   Found: South America
The Sclater's Tyrannulet has olive upperparts with gray crown; white partial supercilium; white arc below eye; 2 white wing-bars; light gray breast; white belly; relatively long tail. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Peru.
Similar to: Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet. Mottled-cheeked Tyrannulet has yellower underparts and yellower wing-bars than Sclater's Tyrannulet.
Image by: 1, 2) Nick Athanas - Argentina, Peru  3, 4) Dominic Sherony - Cusco, Peru
1) P. s. sclateri  2) P. s. subtropicalis


Tyrannulet,_Serra_do_Mar  Phylloscartes difficilis  Found: southeast Brazil
The Serra do Mar Tyrannulet has bright olive upperparts, crown; bold whitish eye-ring; mainly gray underparts.
Image by: 1) Carlos_de_Almeida  2) Hector_Bottai


Tyrannulet,_Sooty-headed  Phyllomyias griseiceps  Found: Panama, northern South America
The Sooty-headed Tyrannulet has olive upperparts;  sooty crown; whitish supercilium; dark eye-line; pale yellow underparts.
Image by: 1) Ronald_Navarrete - Ecuador  2) Nick Athanas - Ecuador


Tyrannulet,_Tawny-rumped  Phyllomyias uropygialis  Found: mainly Bolivia Columbia, Ecuador, Peru; also Argentina, Venezuela
The Tawny-rumped Tyrannulet has olive-brown upperparts; tawny rump; black crown; white supercilium; black eye-line; 2 buffy wing-bars; gray throat, breast; yellowish belly.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  2) Daniel_Lane


Tyrannulet,_Urich's  Phyllomyias urichi  Found: northeast Venezuela
The Urich's Tyrannulet has green upperparts; gray crown; white eye-ring;2 whitish wing-bars; pale yellow underparts. It was previously a subspecies of the Greenish Tyrannulet.
Image by: 1) hbw.com


Tyrannulet,_Yellow-green  Phylloscartes flavovirens  Found: Panama
The yellow-green Tyrannulet has green upperparts; white eye-ring; 2 yellowish wing-bars; yellow underparts.
Image by: 1) Linda_Barrera


Tyrannulet,_Yungas  Phyllomyias weedeni  Found: mainly Bolivia; also Peru
The Yungas Tyrannulet is found in the lower Yungas of Bolivia and Peru, where it is to date known from fewer than ten localities.
Image by: 1) Joe Tobias


Tyrant,_Antioquia_Bristle-  Phylloscartes lanyoni  Found: Columbia
The Antioquia Bristle-Tyrant has greenish upperparts; greenish-gray crown; 2 buffy-yellow wing bars; bright yellow underparts.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Columbia  2) Alonso_Gil


Tyrant,_Chapman's_Bristle-  Phylloscartes chapmani  Found: mainly Venezuela; also Brazil
The Chapman's Bristle-Tyrant is the only bristle-tyrant in its range. Lack of gray crown differentiates it from other bristle-tyrants.
Image by: 1) Jacob_Saucier


Tyrant,_Marble-faced_Bristle-  Phylloscartes ophthalmicus  Found: Venezuela to Bolivia
The Marble-faced Bristle-Tyrant has black, white, and gray ear coverts.
Similar to: Venezuelan Bristle-Tyrant. The Marble-faced Bristle-Tyrant and Venezuelan Bristle-Tyrant are very similar. The Veneuelan does have wider and paler yellow wing-bars than the Marble-faced. Best distinguished by voice.
Image by: 1) Gary_Clark - Ecuador   2) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  3) Francesco_Veronesi - Columbia


Tyrant,_Southern_Bristle-  Phylloscartes eximius  Found: mainly southern Brazil; also Argentina, Paraguay
The Southern Bristle-Tyrant has bright olive upperparts; gray crown; white forehead; dark eye-line; whitish throat; yellow breast; bright yellow belly
Image by: 1) Nicolas_LeJeune  2) Hector_Bottai - Brazil


Tyrant,_Spectacled_Bristle-  Phylloscartes orbitalis  Found: Bolivia, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
Image by: 1) Carmelo López


Tyrant,_Variegated_Bristle-  Phylloscartes poecilotis  Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
The Variegated Bristle-Tyrant has olive upperparts; gray crown; chestnut butt wing-bars; yellow underparts.
Image by: 1) Alejandro_Tamayo  2) Francesco_Veronesi - Columbia


Tyrant,_Venezuelan_Bristle-  Phylloscartes venezuelanus  Found: northern Venezuela
Similar to: Marble-faced Bristle-Tyrant. The Marble-faced Bristle-Tyrant and Venezuelan Bristle-Tyrant are very similar. The Veneuelan does have wider and paler yellow wing-bars than the Marble-faced. Best distinguished by voice.
Image by: 1) Jhonathan Miranda



Genus Pseudelaenia - 1 species

Tyrannulet,_Gray-and-white  Pseudelaenia leucospodia  Found: mainly Peru; also Ecuador
The Gray-and-white Tyrannulet has mainly grayish-brown upperparts; whitish wing fringes; whitish underparts.
Image by: 1, 2) Jorge_Montejo   3) Nick_Athanas - Peru



Genus Serpophaga

Tyrannulet,_River  Serpophaga hypoleuca  Found: river edge habitats in the Orinoco and Amazon watersheds
The River Tyrannulet has gray upperparts; whitish underparts.
Image by: 1) Barloventomagico


Tyrannulet,_Sooty  Serpophaga nigricans  Found: South America
The Sooty Tyrannulet brownish-gray upperparts; black tail; light gray underparts.
Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches - Brazil  3) Cristiano Crolle - Esteros del Iberà, Argentina  4) Nick Athanas - Brazil


Tyrannulet,_Straneck's  Serpophaga griseicapilla  Found: Argentian, Bolivia, Paraguay
The Straneck's Tyrannulet has a green tone to back; some yellow on belly.
Simialr to: White-crested Tyrannulet.The Straneck's Tyrannulet and White-crested Tyrannulet are best differentiated by their songs.
Image by: 1) Claudio_Timm    2) Dominic_Sherony - Argentina


Tyrannulet,_Torrent  Serpophaga cinerea  Found: Central and South America
The Torrent Tyrannulet looks for insects near fast flowing streams and rivers.  The male has pale gray upperparts; black head, wings, tail; grayish-white underparts becoming whiter at the throat and belly.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - Sacred Valley, Peru  2) David Cooke - Peru  3) Francesco Veronesi - Ecuador  4) Nick Athanas - Ecuador


Tyrannulet, White-crested   Serpophaga subcristata  Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uraguay
The White-crested Tyrannulet has greenish upperparts; blackish wings with white wing-bars; dark eye-line, whitish supercilium.
Simialr to: Straneck's Tyrannulet .The Straneck's Tyrannulet and White-crested Tyrannulet are best differentiated by their songs.
Image by: 1) Hector Bottai  2) Dario Sanches - Brazil 



Genus Zimmerius

Tyrannulet,_Bolivian  Zimmerius bolivianus  Found: Bolivia, Peru
Image by: 1) Joao_Quental - Peru  2) Claudio_Timm


Tyrannulet_Chico's  Zimmerius chicomendesi  Found: Brazil
Image by: 1) Fabio_Schunck


Tyrannulet,_Choco  Zimmerius albigularis  Found: southwest Columbia, western Ecuador
The Choco Tyrannulet was previous a subspecies of the Golden-faced Tyrannulet.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Ecuador


Tyrannulet,_Golden-faced  Zimmerius chrysops  Found: Columbia. Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
The Golden-faced Tyrannulet has olive-green upperparts; yellow lores and around eyes; off-white underparts.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  2) Francesco_Veronesi - Columbia


Tyrannulet,_Guianan  Zimmerius acer  Found: Brazil, the Guianas, Venezuela
The Guianan Tyrannulet has olive-green upperparts; yellowish fringes to wing feathers; gray head, breast; yellowish belly.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Brazil  2) Anselmo d`Affonseca


Tyrannulet,_Mishana  Zimmerius villarejoi  Found: Peru
The Mishana Tyannulet has olive upperparts; blackish wings; pale olive breast becoming yellow on belly.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Peru


Tyrannulet,_Paltry  Zimmerius vilissimus  Found: Mexico, Central America; Columbia, Venezuela
The Paltry Tyrannulet has olive-green upperparts; dull gray crown; gray supercilium; no wing-bars; off white throat and breast with streaking; white belly.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Costa Rica  2) David Rodríguez Arias - Costa Rica


Tyrannulet,_Peruvian  Zimmerius viridiflavus  Found: Ecuador, Peru
The Peruvian Tyrannulet has olive upperparts; dusky wings edged with yellow; gray crown; whitish-yellow supercilium.
Image by: 1) Francesco_Veronesi - Ecuador


Tyrannulet,_Red-billed  Zimmerius cinereicapilla  Found: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
Red-billed TYrannulet has olive upperparts; gray cap; yellowish underparts; black upper mandible; red lower manbile.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - Peru  2) Nick Athanas - Peru


Tyrannulet,_Slender-footed  Zimmerius gracilipes  Found: Bolivia, Brazil. Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
The Slender-footed Tyrannulet has olive upperparts; blackish wings edged with yellow; whitish throat; yellow underparts.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  2) Claudio Timm





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