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Fringillid FINCHes

Order Passeriformes   Family Fringillidae

The true finches of family Fringillidae are predominantly seed-eating songbirds. They vary from 9-23 cm. They typically have strong, stubby beaks, which in some species can be quite large. Finches are usually are inhabitants of well-wooded areas, but some can be found on mountains or even in deserts. True finches have a bouncing flight like most small passerines, alternating bouts of flapping with gliding on closed wings. The nests are basket-shaped and usually built in trees.

They are not closely related to the Estrildid Finches.



Genus Acanthis
All redpolls are northern breeding woodland species, associated with birch trees. They are small birds, brown or grey-brown above and with a red forehead patch. The adult male's breast is washed in red, but in females and young birds the buff breast and white belly are streaked with brown. The bill is small and yellow. Some birds, particularly young ones, are difficult to assign to species.

Redpoll, Common  Acanthis flammea  Found: Northern parts of North America, Europe, Asia
The Common Redpoll has brown and white plumage; brown steaks on sides; 1 bold white wing-bar 1 fainr wing-bar; red patch on forehead; yellow bill; black patch around bill.
Similar to: Hoary Redpoll. Hoary Redpolls are lighter on the average than are Common Redpoles. This is especially true for a front view.
Image by:  1) D. Gordon E. Robertson - Ottawa, Ontario  2) Eugene Beckes  3, 7, 8) Estormiz - Finland   4)  Peter de Wit - Ontario   5) Bill Bouton -  Michigan  6) Cephas - Quebec, Canada  
1) Female  5) Male


Redpoll, Hoary also Artic Redpoll  Acanthis hornemanni  Found: Northern parts of North America, Europe, Asia
The Hoary Redpoll has brown and white plumage; pale steaks on flanks; 1 white wing; red forehead; black chin.
Similar to: Common Redpoll. Hoary Redpolls lighter on the average than are Common Redpoles. This is especially true for a front view.
Image by: 1) Sergey Yeliseev - Moscow region   2, 3) Ómar Runólfsson - Iceland    4) dFaulder   5)  Seabrook Lechie - Ontario 
5) Comparison of female Hoary Redpoll (front) and Common Redpoll (rear). Both are first year.



Redpoll, Lesser  Acanthis cabaret  Found: Europe, New Zealand (Introduced)
The male Lesser Redpoll has brown upperparts with darker streaks; red forehead; black chin; buff flanks with dark streaks; whitish belly, under-tail coverts. Female similar but lacks pink on breast and flanks, and has less streaking on flanks.
Image by: 1, 3, 4) MPF - England    2) Mark Medcalf - Scotland



Genus Bucanetes

Finch, Mongolian  Bucanetes mongolicus  Found: Asia
The breeding male Mongolian Finch has a pink flush to face and underpart, There are extensive white and pink areas in the wingss.
Image by: 1) Pkspks  2) Sergey Yeliseecv - Kazakastan


Finch, Trumpeter  Bucanetes githagineus  Found: Europe, Asia, Africa
The breeding male Trumpeter Finch has pale brown upperparts; gray head, neck; red bill; pick breast, rump, tail. Female and nonbreeding male are washed out verstion of breeding male.
Image by: 1) Frank Vassen - Spain  2) Juan Emilo  3) Rachid H



Genus Callacanthis - 1 species

Finch, Spectacled  Callacanthis burtoni  Found: Indian subcontinent
Image by: 1) Puja Sharma  2) Jon Hornbuckle
1) Female 2) Male



Genus Carduelis
Closely related to genus Serinus. See genus Spinus for New World Goldfinches and Siskins.

Finch, Citril
  Carduelis citrinella  Found: Europe
The Corsican Finch was formerly considered subspecies of Citril Finch. It has dark-streaked brown upperparts, and brighter yellow underparts than the Citril Finch.
Image by: 1) Antonio Arnaiz-Villena  2) Sandra - France  3) Peter Steward


Finch, Corsican  Carduelis corsicana  Found: Corsica, Sardinia, some Italian islands
The Corsican Finch was formerly considered subspecies of Citril Finch. It has dark-streaked brown upperparts, and brighter yellow underparts than the Citril Finch.
Image by: 1) Antonio Arnaiz-Villena  2) Dave Appleton


Goldfinch, European Carduelis carduelis Found: North America (some escapees), Europe, Asia, Africa, New Zealand (introduced)
The European Goldfinch has brown upperparts; black and yellow wings; red face; black and-white head; white underparts with buff flanks and breast patches; ivory bill; forked tail.  The male has a larger and darker red mask that extends just behind the eye.
Image by:1, 4) Marek Szczepanek - Germany  2) ArminM - Germany  3) Lukasz Lukasik - Poland   5)  Cristiano Crolle - Arese. Italy  6) Dick Daniels - New Zealand   
1) Juvenile



Linnet, Eurasian also Linnet  Carduelis cannabina Found: Europe, Asia, Africa
The Eurasian Linnet has brown upperparts; gray bill. Breeding male has gray nape; red head patch; red breast. Female has buff streaked underparts.
Similar to: Twite. Linnet has red head patch and breast; Twite brown.
Image by: 1) Zambog - Scotland  2)  Edwyn Anderton 3) andy li - Xinjiang, China  4) Joe Pell - England  5) Cristiano Crolle - Texel, Holland
1) Female  2, 3, 4, 5) Male


Linnet, Warsangli  Carduelis johannis  Found: Somalia
Image by: 1) Charles Davies


Linnet, Yemen  Carduelis yemenensis   also  Linaria yemenensis Found: mountains of Arabia
Image by: 1) Henrick Gronvold  2) Adel Hilal


Serin, Ankober  Carduelis ankoberensis  Found: Ethiopia
The Ankober has brown upperparts; buff streaking on head, breast.
Image by: 1) Sergey Yeliseev


Twite  Carduelis flavirostris also Linaria flavirostris Found: Europe, Asia
The Twite has brown streaked with black upperparts; pink rump; white to buff upperparts with streaking on breast. Yellow (winter) or gray (summer) bill. Name comes from its call: twit.
Similar to: European Linnet. Linnet has red head patch and breast; Twite brown.
Image by: 1) MPF - Northumberland, UK   2) Frank Vasset - Netherlands  3) Mike Pennington



Genus Carpodacus
This is the main genus of rosefinches. As the names imply, various shades of red are the characteristic plumage colors.

Finch, Scarlet  
Haematospiza sipahi also Carpodacus sipahi  Found: Himalayas
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Avishka Munje - India


Rosefinch, Blanford's
  Carpodacus rubescens  Found: Bhutan, China, India, Nepal
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Michel Ottaviani - Nepal  3) Ken Harvard
1) Male -top; Female - bottom, 2 Female 3) Male


Rosefinch, Chinese Beautiful   Carpodacus davidianus  Found: China
The male Chinese Rosefinch has brown upperparts; pink face, breast; pale belly; brown eye-line, lores. Female has brown upperparts; pale underparts.
Image by:1) John Gerrard Keulemans 2) characters
2) Female.


Rosefinch, Chinese White-browed  Carpodacus dubius  Found: China, Tibet
Chinese White-browed Rosefinch and Himalayan White-browed Rosefinch are sometimes considered subspecies of White-browed Rosefinch.
Image: 1, 2) Biodiversity Diversity Library  3) Jeff Harding
1, 3) Female 2) Male


Rosefinch, Common  Carpodacus erythrinus  Found: Europe, Asia
The male Common Redpoll has a rosy-carmine head, breast, rump; dark brown wings with 2 indistinct wing-bars; off-white underparts. Female and juvenile are dull colored with yellowish-brown upperparts; brighter rump; grayer head; buff underparts.
Image by: 1)  Adam Kumiszcza - Poland   2, 3) Sergey Yeliseev - Moscow region


Rosefinch, Dark-breasted  Carpodacus nipalensis  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Dibyendu Ash - India  2) J M Garg


Rosefinch, Dark-rumped  Carpodacus edwardsii  Found: Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal
Image by: 1) Dibyendu Ash - India  2) Ron Knight
1) Female 2) Male


Rosefinch, Great  Carpodacus rubicilla Found: Asia
Image by: 1) John Steedman - Nepal


Rosefinch, Himalayan Beautiful  Carpodacus pulcherrimus  Found: Himilayas
Image by: 1) Sitron  2) Hotlava2


Rosefinch, Himalayan White-browed  Carpodacus thura  Found: Asia
Chinese White-browed Rosefinch and Himalayan White-browed Rosefinch are sometimes considered subspecies of White-browed Rosefinch.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) characters  3) Arthur Grosset
2) Female 3) Male


Rosefinch, Long-tailed   Carpodacus sibiricus  also  Uragus sibiricus  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Alpsdake  2) Earehnn  3) Nishimura  4) Aaron Maizlish
1, 2) Female 3, 4) Male


Rosefinch, Pallas's  Carpodacus roseus  Found: Asia
The male Pallas's Rosefinch has pinkish with dark streaks upperparts; pink underparts tending to white lower belly; white vent; 2 white wing-bars; whitish crown, throat. Female has brown upperparts with dark streaks; light underparts with pinkish tinge; gray-brown crown.
Image by: 1) Sergey Yeliseev  2) Nishimura   3) Ken
1) Female 2, 3) Male


Rosefinch, Pale  Carpodacus stoliczkae  Found: Afghanistan, China
Image by: 1) RB Sharpe 2) Paul Jones


Rosefinch, Pink-browed
  Carpodacus rodochroa  Found: south Asia, Indonesia
Image by: 1) Soumyajit Nandy  2) Patty McGann


Rosefinch, Pink-rumped  Carpodacus waltoni   Found: China, Thailand
Image by: 1, 2) Pinebird


Rosefinch, Red-fronted
  Carpodacus puniceus  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Henrick Gronvold  2) Raineesh Survarna  3) Jens Hansen


Rosefinch, Red-mantled  Carpodacus rhodochlamys  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Ron Knight  2) Imran Shah


Rosefinch, Sinai  Carpodacus synoicus  Found: Sanai Peninsula
Image by: 1) Alastair Rae - Jordan  2) Marcel Holyoak - Israel
1) Male - top; Female - bottom


Rosefinch, Spot-winged  Carpodacus rhodopeplus  Found: India, Nepal
Image by: 1) Sylvere Corre  2) Ross Tsai 
1) Female 2) Male


Rosefinch, Streaked  Carpodacus rubicilloides  Found: Bhutan, China, India, Nepal
Image by: 1) Biodiversity Heritage Library  2) Toni Lau 3) characters
2) Female 3) Male


Rosefinch, Taiwan  Carpodacus formosanus  Found: Taiwan
Sometimes considered subspecies of Vinaceous Rosefinch.
Image by: 1) A_Giau  2, 3) mapsphotos
1) Female 2) Male 3) Moulting male


Rosefinch, Three-banded  Carpodacus trifasciatus  Found: Bhutan, China, India
Image by: 1) Josephe Huet  2) Collertsbrothers


Rosefinch, Tibetan  Carpodacus roborowskii  Found: Tibetan Plateau of China
Image by: 1) Paul Jones  2) Tang Jun


Rosefinch, Vinaceous  Carpodacus vinaceus  Found: China, India, Myanmar, Nepal
The male Vinaceous Rosefinch has mainly wine-red plumage; whitish eye-lines; dark wing coverts; dark and notched tail; gray bill; dark eyes. Female has streaked brown upperprats; lighter underparts; forked tail; dark eyes.
Image by: 1) Patco Erika  2 Afi Chen  3) Nash Chou



Genus Chloris
The greenfinches were previously in genus Carduelis.

Greenfinch, Black-headed  Chloris ambigua  Found; China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
Image by: 1) Don-Jean Leandri


Greenfinch, European Chloris chloris Found: Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia (introduced), New Zealand (introduced)
The European Greenfinch has mainly green plumage with yellow on the wings  and tail; thick bill. Females are duller with brown tones on the back.
Image by: 1, 3) Andreas Trepte   2) Marek Szczepanek  4) Cristiano Crolle - Arese, Italy


Greenfinch, Oriental
also Gray-capped Greenfinch  Chloris sinica  Found: North America, Asia
The Oriental Greenfinch has olive brown upperparts; lighter underparts; yellow wing patches, undertail. Male has gray head, nape; black lores. Female is browner.
Image by: 1, 2) Alpsdake - Japan  3) Aaron Maizlish - China


Greenfinch, Yellow-breasted  Chloris spinoides  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Matej Batha  2) Kishore Bhargava


Greenfinch, Vietnamese   Chloris monguilloti  Found: Vietnam
Image by: 1) Tom Wheatley



Genus Chrysocorythus - 1 species

Serin, Mountain  Chrysocorythus estherae  also  Serinus estherae  Found: Indonesia, Philippines
Image by: 1) Dubi Shapiro



Genus Crithagra
These species aare found in Africa and Arabia. They were formerly place in Serinus.

Canary, Black-faced Crithagra capistratus Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Biodiversity Heritage Library  2) Nigel Voaden - Zambia


Canary, Black-throated  also  Black-throated Seedeater  Crithagra atrogularis Found: Africa
Image by:  1) Joseph Mochoge - Kenya   2) Alan Manson  3) Cristiano Crolle - Etosha Nat.Park, Namibia
1) Female 2, 3) Male


Canary, Brimstone also Bully Canary  Crithagra sulphuratus  Found: Southern Africa
The Brimstone Canary has yellow-green upperparts with dark green streaking; 2 yellow wing-bars; yellow supercilium, throat;; yellow underparts with greenish wash on flanks and breast; brown bill with pinkish or yellow base.
Image by:  1, 2) Arno Meintjes   3, 4, 5) Dick Daniels - near De Hoop, South Africa  6, 7, 8) Dick - slightly north of Masai Mara in Kenya  9) Joseph Mochoge - Eburu Kenya


Canary, Forest Crithagra scotops  Found: South Africa, Swaziland
Image by: 1) Alan Manson


Canary, Lemon-breasted also Lemon-breasted Seedeater Crithagra citrinipectus  Found: southern Africa
The Lemon-breasted Canary has yellow rump; upper part of bill darker than  lower. Male has yellow breast; white and yellow cheeck patches. Female has mostly cream and brown plumage.
Image by: 1) P_Khoo


Canary, Northern Grosbeak   Crithagra donaldsoni   Found: Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia
Image by: 1) Tong Mu - Kenya    2) John Gerrard Keulemans   3) Peter Wilton - Ethiopia
1) Female 2, 3) Male


Canary, Papyrus  also  Van Someren's canary Crithagra koliensis  Found: Africa
Image by: 1, 2) Valéry Schollaert - Tanzania


Canary, Protea  also Protea Seedeater   Crithagra leucopterus  Found: South Africa
The Protea Canary has gray-brown upperparts; black chin; white throat; 2 buff thin wing-bars; buff underparts with light streaking. Juvilines are more heavily streaked.
Image by: 1) Callan Cohen 2) Trevor and Margaret Hardaker


Canary, Southern-Grosbeak  Crithagra buchanani  Found; Kenya, Tanzania
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - slightly north of the Masai Mara of Kenya


Canary, White-bellied   Crithagra dorsostriatus Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Greg Miles - Kenya  Dave Curtis - Kenya  Michael and Helen Cox - Kenya
1) Female 2, 3) Male


Canary, White-fronted also White-throated Canary  Crithagraalbogularis  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Mercedes Lisón Martín - Namibia  2) Johann du Preez - Zambia


Canary, Yellow Crithagra flaviventris  Found: Africa
The male Yellow Canary back ranges from almost uniform yellow to streaked olive; yellow underparts, rump. Female has gray-brown upperparts; black wings with yellow flight feathers; pale supercilium; white underparts with brown streaking.
Image by: 1) Alan Manson - South Africa  2) Jerry Oldenettel - Namibia


Canary, Yellow-fronted also Green Singing Finch  Crithagra mozambicus  Found: North America (escapees), Africa, Hawaii
The male Yellow-fronted Canary has green back; brown wings, tail; yellow underparts, rump; gray crown, nape; yellow front of head; black malar stripe. Female similar; has weaker head pattern and duller underparts. Juvenile grayer than female, especially on head.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Danielsk - National Aviary  4, 5) Dick - Hawaii  6, 7, 8) Dick - Kenya


Citril, African Crithagra citrinelloides   Found: Africa
The African Citril is found from Ethiopia, Sudan and Eritrea to western Kenya.
Image by: 1, 2) DIck Daniels - Tanzania  3) Joseph Mochoge - Eburu Kenya
1, 2) Female 3) Male


Citril, Western also Yellow-browed Citril  Crithagra frontalis  Found: central Africa
Image by: David Cook - Uganda


Seedeater, Black-eared   Crithagra mennelli  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Nigel Voaden - Zambia


Seedeater, Brown-rumped  Crithagra tristriatus  Found: Africa
The Brown-rumped Seedeater has uniform gray-brown plumage; white supercilium; white under the chin. The brown rump is usually not visible.I t is found in the highlands of Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia. It is widespread in towns, villages gardens, plantations and upland heath.
Image by: Alastair Rae


Seedeater, Principe
  Crithagra rufobrunneus  Found: South Africa
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2, 3) Muchaxo


Seedeater, Reichard's
  Crithagra reichardi  Found: Africa
Image by: 1, 2) Lip Kee


Seedeater, Reichenow's  also  Yellow-rumped Seedeater  Crithagra reichenowi  Found: eastern Africa
Image by: 1) Joseph Mochoge - Gilgil, Kenya  2) ChriKo - Kenya   3) Dave Curtis - Kenya


Seedeater, Salvadori's   also  Salvadori's Serin Crithagra xantholaemus  Found: Ethiopia
Image by: 1) Allan Drewitt


Seedeater, Streaky  Crithagra striolatus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Steve Garvie - Mountain Lodge, Mount Kenya  2) Dick Daniels - Kigio Wildlife Conservancy (near Gilgil), Kenya  3, 4) Joseph Mochoge - Kenya


Seedeater, Streaky-headed also Streaky-head Canary  Crithagra gularis  Found: Africa
The Streaky-headed Seedeater has brown upperparts with some faint streaking; plain brown rump; white finely streaked crown; darker face; white supercilium, chin; warm buff underparts. The sexes are similar, but some females show faint streaking on breast. Juvenile has less head streaking; duller supercilium.

Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - Plettenberg Bay, South Africa


Seedeater, Tanzania Crithagra melanochrous  Found: Tanzania
Image by: 1) Louis Hansen


Seedeater, Thick-billed Crithagra burtoni  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans 2) Anders Helse


Seedeater, Yellow-browed Crithagra whytii  Found: Malawi, Tanzania, and Zambia
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans 


Seedeater, Yellow-throated  also Yellow-throated Serin  Crithagra flavigula  Found:  Ethiopia
Image by: 1) Pete Wilson  2) David Beadle


Serin, Olive-rumped also  Arabian Serin   Crithagra rothschildi  Found: Saudi Arbi, Yemen
Image by: 1) Ammadoux


Serin, Yellow-rumped  Crithagra xanthopygius  Found: Eritrea, Ethiopia
Image by: 1) Artvintage  2) zingbean


Serin, Yemen Crithagra menachensis  Found: Saudi Arabia
Image by: 1) Hans and Jan Eriksen



Genus Eophona
The Oriental Grosbeaks

Grosbeak, Japanese Eophona personata   Found: east Asia
Image by: 1) Nishijmura


Grosbeak, Yellow-billed  also Chinese Grosbeak  Eophona migratoria  Found: Asia
The Yellow-billed Grosbeak has a yellow bill with a black tip when breeding. Male has black head.
Image by: 1, 2) Charles Lam 3) Pokopong  4) Kevin Lin
1, 2 )Female 3, 4) Male



Genus Fringilla

Brambling  Fringilla montifringilla    Found: North America (infrequent), Europe, Asia, Africa
The Brambling has orange breast; white belly; dark spotted flank; white rump. Breeding male has dark upperparts; black head, bill. Females and nonbreeding males have yellow bill.
Similar to: Chaffinch. Male Chaffinch has blue-gray crown; male Brambling has black head. Chaffinch has white shoulder patch and white wing-bar.
Similar to: Evening Grosbeak. Male Brambling has orange front of neck; male Evening Grosbeak has black neck front. Male Evening Grosbeak has white wing; male brambling doesn't.
Image by: 1 ) Marcin Moga - Poland  2) Frans Schouwenburg - Rotterdam  3) Maris Pukitis - Latvia  4) Byerly - Asia   5) Chris Cant   6) Angie & Chris Pye  7) Marek Szczepanek  8) Rene Jakobson   9) Cristiano Crolle - Arese, Italy
1, 2, 3) Female  5, 6) nonbreeding male  7, 8) breeding male


Chaffinch, Blue   Fringilla teydea  Found: Canary Islands
The male Blue Chaffinch has mainly blue plumage, brighter while breeding; gray bill. Female has gray-brown plumage; pale white wing-bars.
Image by: 1) Ekaterina Chernetsova  2, 3) Bartkauz  4) Marcel Holyoak 
1, 2) Female 3) Breeding male 4) Male


Chaffinch, Common also Chaffinch  Fringilla coelebs   Found: Europe, Africa, New Zealand (introduced)
The Common Chaffinch has generally buff plumage; dark wings; white shoulder patch; a broad white wing-bar; gray-green rump; . Breeding male has blue-gray crown, nape; reddish underparts; gray bill. Female and nonbreeding male are drabber; dull pinkish bill.
Similar to: Brambling.  Male Chaffinch has blue-gray crown; male Brambling has black head. Chaffinch has white shoulder patch and white wing-bar.
Image by:    1) freebird4   2) Dick - New Zealand    3, 4) Dick Daniels - Scotland  5) Cristiano Crolle - Arese. Italy
1, 2) Female  3, 4) Male



Genus Linurgus - 1 species
Also consider part of Serinus

Finch, Oriole  Linurgus olivaceus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2, 3) Antonio Armaiz-Villena



Genus Loxia 
Crossbills are specialist feeders on conifer cones, and the unusual bill shape is an adaptation to assist the extraction of the seeds from the cone. These birds are typically found in higher northern hemisphere latitudes, where their food sources grows. They will erupt out of the breeding range when the cone crop fails. Crossbills breed very early in the year, often in winter months, to take advantage of maximum cone supplies.

Crossbill, HIspaniolan  Hispaniolan Crossbill  Found: Haiti, Dominican Republic
The Hispaniolan Crossbill has dark wings with two bold white wing-bars.
Image by: 1) Jose Pantaleon


Crossbill, Parrot   Loxia pytyopsittacus  Found: Europe, Asia
The male Parrot Crossbill tends to be red or orange in colour, and females green or yellow, but there is much variation.
Image by: 1) Tero Laakso  2) Ron Knight - England


Crossbill, Red Loxia curvirostra  Found: North America, Europe, Asia, Africa
The male Red Crossbill tends to be red or orange, females tend to be green or yellow, but there is much variation. There are 9 different variants which evolved to feed on different species of conifer seeds. It has blackish-brown wings, tail.
Similar to: White-winged Crossbill. The White-winged Crossbill has white wing-bars, the Red Crossbill does not.
Image by: 1) Mary Harrsch - Oregon  2) Alastair Rae - England  3) Alan D. Wilson - Oregon  4)  dfaulder  5, 6, 7) Alan - Oregon    8) Elaine R Wilson - Oregon
1) Edited out adult to focus on juvenile  2) Juvenile  3, 4) Female  5 - 8) Male


Crossbill, Scottish  Loxia scotica  Found: Scotland
Image by: 1) Stuart Anthony  2) Peter Smith
1) Female 2) Male


Crossbill, White-winged also Two-barred Crosswing  Loxia leucoptera Found: North America, Europe, Asia
The species has has two subspecies: White-winged Crossbill (Eurasian) Loxia leucoptera bifasciata and White-Winged Crossbill (North America) Loxia leucoptera leucoptera. The male tends to be red or pinkish, females green or yellowish, but there is much variation. They have white wing-bars.
Similar to: Pine Grosbeak. White-winged Crossbill has a crossed bill, shorter tail, and is smaller than Pine Grosbeak.
Similar: Red Crossbill. The White-winged Crossbill has white wing-bars, the Red Crossbill does not.
Image by: 1) Bob Devlin - New Jersey  2, 6) Dominic Sherony   3) Michelle St.Sauveur - Rhode Island    4) John Harrison - Massachusetts   5) Kent McFarland - Vermont  7) MPF - Yorkshire
1, 2, 3) Female  4, 5, 6) Male
1 - 6) L. l. leucoptera  7) L. l. bifasciata




Genus Mycerobas
These are the largest finches of the family

Grosbeak, Black-and-Yellow  Mycerobas icterioides Found: Indisn Subcontinent
Image by: 1) Geetanjalidhar


Grosbeak, Collared  Mycerobas affinis  Found: Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand
Image by: 1) John Gould 2) Arthur Grosset - Bhutan  3) GirlScientist


Grosbeak, Spot-winged  Mycerobas melanozanthoFound: southeast Asia
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Thet Zaw Naing - Myanmar  3) Jerry Oldenettel  4) Somchai Kanchanasut - Thailand 
2) Female 3, 4) Male


Grosbeak, White-winged  Mycerobas carnipes  Found: Asia
Image by: Sergey Yeliseev  Biodiveristy Lib



Genus Pinicola Closely related to Pyrrhula
Most grosbeaks are in Family Cardinalidae

Finch, Crimson-browed  Pinicola subhimachala Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Dibyendu Ash


Grosbeak, Pine Pinicola enucleator   Found: North America, Europe (rarely)
The Pine Grosbeak has long black tail; black wings with white wing-bars; thick bill. Male has rose-red head, back, rump. Female has olive-yellow head, rump; gray back, underparts.
Similar to: White-winged Crossbill. White-winged Crossbill has a crossed bill, shorter tail, and is smaller than Pine Grosbeak.
Image by: 1) Daniel Arndt - Alberta, CA  2) Bill Bouton - Michigan  3) MDF  4, 5) Martha Jong-Lantink - Finland   6)  Seabamirum
1, 2, 3) Female  4, 5, 6) Male




Genus Pseudochloroptila

Siskin, Cape   Pseudochloroptila totta  also Crithagra totta Found: Cape Provence of South Africa
Image by: 1) Pablo Gomez-Prieto 2) Craig Adam  3) Willferd Duckitt


Siskin, Drakensberg Pseudochloroptila symonsi also Crithagra symonsi Found: South Africa
The male Drakensberg Siskin has faintly streaked light brown upperparts; light brown wing coverts, rump, upper-tail; yellow underparts; yellowish-gray head and nape sides; bright yellow throat; duller rest of underparts. Female has similar but duller upperparts; buff head and underparts.
Image by; 1) Alan Manson  2) Patty McGann



Genus Pyrrhoplectes - 1 speces

Finch, Golden-naped  Pyrrhoplectes epauletta  Found: Asia
Image by: 1, 2) Dibyendu Ash - India




Genus Pyrrhula Closely related to Pinicola
Bullfinches have glossy black wings, tail feathers; white rump; brown legs. Their short, swollen bill is adapted to eat buds. The males can be distinguished by their orange or red breast.

Bullfinch  also Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula   Found: Europe, Asia
The Eurasian Bullfinch has gray upperparts; black flight feathers, cap, face bill; white rump. Male has red underparts; female has gray-buff underparts.
Image by:  1) Francis Franklin  2) Simon Eugster   3) Siga  4) Malene Thyssen
1, 2) Female  3, 4) Male 


Bullfinch, Azores  Pyrrhula murina   Found: Azores
The Azoes Bullfinch has black cap, face, wings, tail; rest grayish.
Image by: 1) Joseph Wolf  2) putneymark


Bullfinch, Brown  Pyrrhula nipalensis  Found: Asia
The Brown Bullfinch has grayish-brown mantle; grayish head, nape; lighter gray underparts; black rear-upperparts.
Image by: 1) Peiwen Chang - Taiwan  2) Arthur Grosset - Bhutan


Bullfinch, Gray-headed Pyrrhula erythaca  Found: Asia 
The Gray-headed Bullfinch has a gray back, head, nape; black face, wings tail.. The male has orange-brown or lavendar-brown undertparts depending on the subspecies. Female has browner underparts. It is found in Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, and Taiwan.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Kevin Lin


Bullfinch, Orange  Pyrrhula aurantiaca  Found: India, Pakistan
Image by: 1) Dkritiman Mukherjee


Bullfinch, Red-headed  Pyrrhula erythrocephala  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Sp Herp
1) Female - top; Male - bottom 2) Male


Bullfinch, White-cheeked  Pyrrhula leucogenis  Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Neon Rosell



Genus Rhodopechys - 1 species

Finch, Crimson-winged  Rhodopechys sanguineus  Found: Africa, Asia, Europe
Image by: 1) Tony  2) James Slidester  3) Sergey Volkov  4) Sigmudur Asgeirsson
1, 2) African Crimson-winged Finch (R. s. alienus) 3, 4) Eurasian Crimson-winged Finch (R. s. sanguineus)



Genus Rhodospiza - 1 species

Finch, Desert  Rhodospiza obsoleta  Found: south Asia
The Desert Finch has mainy sand colored plumage; lighter underparts; white on folded wings; some pink on wing. Make has stouter and blacker bill.
Image by: 1) Blanford 2) Jan Svetlik 3) Ron Knight  4) Marcel Holyoak - Israel
1) Female - left; Male - right 2) Female 3, 4) Male



Genus Serinus 
These species mostly found in Africa, but some also found in Asia. The majority of species are small to medium sized birds with green and yellow, often streaky plumage. Many former members of Serinus are now placed in Crithagra.

Canary also  Common Canary  also  Island Canary  Serinus canaria  Found: Canary Islands,  Azors, Madeira
The male Island Canary has yellow-green underparts, head; yellower head, supercilium; gray-green breast; yellow-green belly becoming whiter towards rump. Female duller with grayer head, breast; underparts less yellow. The bird is named after the Canary Islands.
Image by:  1, 2) Haplochromis  3, 4) Juan Emilio  5, 6, 7, 8) Dick Daniels- Butterfly World


Canary, Black-headed  Serinus alario  also   Alario alario Found: southern Africa
The male Black-hooded Canary has rich brown upperparts, tail; black head, central breast; rest of underparts white. Female has dull gray head.
Image by: 1, 2) Alan Manson


Canary, Cape  Serinus canicollis Found: Africa
The male Cape Canary has a green back with black edging to the wings and tail; yellow underparts, rump, tail; white lower-belly; gray rear head, neck. Female similar with less gray on head.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - Oudtshoorn, South Africa   4) Cristiano Crolle - Kirstenbosch Garden, South Africa


Canary, Yellow-crowned  Serinus flavivertex  Found: Africa
Image by: 1, 2) Joseph Mochoge - Gilgil, Kenya
1) Male


Serin, European  Serinus serinus   Found: Europe, Africa
The European Serin has dark-streaked grayish-green upperparts; yellow breast; white belly. Male has brighter yellow face and belly than female.
Image by: 1) Jose Sousa - Portugal  2) Cristiano Crolle - Arese, Italy  3) Janofonsagrada  4) Le No 


Serin, Red-fronted
also Fire-fronted Serin Serinus pusillus  Found; Asia
Image by: 1) Dibyendu Ash - India  2) Alastair Rae - Kazakhstan  3) Sergey Yeliseev - Kazakhstan


Serin, Syrian  Serinus syriacus  Found: southwest Asia
Image by: 1) Joseph Wolf  2) Marcel Holyoak - Israel


Siskin, Ethiopian also Abyssinian Siskin   Serinus nigriceps   Found: Ethiopia
Image by: 1) Brian Butcher  2) Pascal Bernardin




Family Urocynchramidae

Genus Urocynchramus - 1 species

Rosefinch,_Przevalski's  also Pink-tailed Bunting  Urocynchramus pylzowi  Found: mountains of central-west China
The Pink-faced Bunting has a long tail with outer feathes shorter than center feathers. Male has pink on throat, underparts;
Image by: 1) Paul_Jones





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