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Fringillid FINCHes

Order Passeriformes   Family Fringillidae

The true finches of family Fringillidae are predominantly seed-eating songbirds. They vary from 9-23 cm. They typically have strong, stubby beaks, which in some species can be quite large. Finches are usually are inhabitants of well-wooded areas, but some can be found on mountains or even in deserts. True finches have a bouncing flight like most small passerines, alternating bouts of flapping with gliding on closed wings. The nests are basket-shaped and usually built in trees.

They are not closely related to the Estrildid Finches.


Thes Separation between "New World" Fringillidae and "Old World Fringillidae is not alway clearcut. For example, take the case of the Fringillidae goldfinches. Some are found in the New World and some in the Old World. It seemed best to assign them to one specific page, and New World was chosen.

Genus Chlorophonia
Mostly bright green birds that live in the neotropics.

Chlorophonia, Blue-crowned
  Chlorophonia occipitalis  Found: Mexico, Central America
The male Blue-crowned Chlorophonia has; green upperparts; green head with mall but vibrant blue crown; thin black fore-collar; yellow breast, md belly; greenish flanks. Female also has blue crown but paler underparts.
Image by: 1) Jorge Montejo - Mexico  2) Amy McAndrews - Mexico  3) Knut Eisermann


Chlorophonia, Blue-naped  Chlorophonia cyanea   Found: South America
The Blue-naped Chlorophonia has green head, wings; yellow underparts; blue lower nape, mantle, rump, eye-ring. Females are duller; underparts more greenish-yellow; less blue to lower nape, mantle.
Image by: 1, 2) Dominic Sherony  3, 4) Dario Sanches   5) Joseph Smit
1, 2) Female  3, 4) Male



Chlorophonia, Chestnut-bellied  Chlorophonia pyrrhophrys  Found: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
The Chestnut-bellied Chlorophonia has bright green upperparts, wings, throat, tail; bright yellow flanks, rump; blue cap; chestnut mid belly.
Image by: 1) Juan Ramirez Rpo - Columbia  2) Hugo Loaoza


Chlorophonia-browed  Chlorophonia callophrys  Found: Costa Rica, Panama
The male Golden-browed Chlorophonia has green upperparts, flanks; blue crown, rear-collar; black fore-collar; yellow forehead, underparts. Female duller.
Image by: 1) Raul Vega 2, 3) Mario Campos - Costa Rica
1) Female 2, 3) male


Chlorophonia, Yellow-collared  Chlorophonia flavirostris  Found: Colombia, Ecuador, Panama
The male Yellow-collared Chlorophonia has bright green upperparts, head, upper-breast; bright yellow collar, belly, eye-ring; orange bill. Female less distinctive and green more widespread.
Image by: 1) Alonzo GIl  2) Diego Calderon 
1) Female 2) Male



Genus Coccothraustes` - 1 species

Hawfinch also European Grosbeak   Coccothraustes coccothraustes  Found: Europe, Asia
The Hawfinch has mainly brown plumage; orange hue to head; black circle around and in front of eyes.
Image by: 1) Marek Szczepanek  2) Slawomir Staszczuk  3) Superbass



Genus Euphonia
Most male Euphonia have dark blue upperparts; bright yellow underparrts. Females have green upperparts. They are found in Central America and South America.

Euphonia, Antillean  Euphonia musica  Found: the Antilles in the Caribbean
Image by: 1) uada.gov  2, 3) Lucas Limonta


Euphonia, Bronze-green  Euphonia mesochrysa  Found: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
Image by: 1) Ana Agreda


Euphonia, Chestnut-bellied  Euphonia pectoralis  Found: South America
The male Chestnut-bellied Euponia has blue upperparts, head, throat, breast; chestnut belly; yellow shoulder mark. Female has olive back, flanks; gray nape, underparts.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dario Sanches
1) Female 2, 3) Male


Euphonia, Elegant or Blue-hooded Euphonia  Euphonia elegantissima  Found: Mexico, Central America
The male Elegant Euponia has dark blue upperparts; bright blue crown, nape; blackish-blue face, throat; orange underparts. Female has olive-green upperparts; bright blue crown, ape, yellow underparts.
Image by: 1) Amando Demesa - Mexico  2) Dominic Sherony
1) Female 2) Male


Euphonia, Finsch's   Euphonia finschi  Found: South America
The male Finsch's Euphonia has dark blue upperparts, face, throat; small orange-yellow cap; orange-yellow underparts. Females have olive-green upperparts; paler olive-green underparts becoming yellow towards central belly.
Image by: 1) Chrissie64  2) Joseph Smit 3) Barloventomagicao 4) Dave Curtis - Guyana
1) Female 2, 3, 4) Male


Euphonia, Fulvous-vented  Euphonia fulvicrissa  Found: Colombia, Ecuador, Panama
The male Fulvous-vented Euponia has glossy dark blue upperparts; blackish face, throat; yellow forecrown, underparts; tawny undertail coverts and center to the belly . Female has mostly olive; chestnut forecrown.
Image by: 1) Dave Curtis  2) John Gerrard Keulemans  3) David Cook - Panama


Euphonia-bellied  also  White-lored Euphonia   Euphonia chrysopasta   Found: South America
The White-lored Euphonia has green upperparts; white lore. Male has golden belly, female paler belly.
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Marcelo Camacho  3) Hector Bottai - Brazil
1) Male  - top; Female - Bottom  2) Female 3) Male


Euphonia-rumped  Euphonia cyanocephala  Found: South America
The Golden-rumped Euphonia has a bright blue head, nape. Male has blackish-blue upperparts, tail; black face, forehead, throat; golden underparts, rump. Female has yellowish-olive upperparts; dull orange-yellow forehead, face, underparts.
Image by: 1) Joao Quental  2) Cláudio Timm - Brazil  3) Rick Ellis Simpson - Brazil 


Euphonia-sided  Euphonia cayennensis  Found: northeastern South America
Image by: 1) Sean McCann - French Guiana


Euphonia, Green-throated  also Green-chinned Euphonia  Euphonia chalybea   Found: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
The male Green-throated Euphonia has dark blue upperparts, face; dark blue-throat with some greent; small orange-yellow cap; orange-yellow underparts. Females have olive-green upperparts; paler olive-green underparts.
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4) Dario Sanches
1, 2) Female 3, 4) Male


Euphonia, Jamaican  Euphonia jamaica  Found: Jamaica
The male Jamaican Euponia is mainly blue-gray with a yellow mid-belly. Female has olive-green upperparts; gray head, underparts.
Image by: 1) Dominica Sherony   2, 3) Dick Daniels - Jamaica  


Euphonia, Olive-backed  Euphonia gouldi  Found: Mexico, Central America
The male Olive-backed Euphonia has dark green upperparts; rufous on the lower back; yellow forecrown..  Female has lighter upperparts; rufous forecrown
Image by: 1) Steve Garvie  2) Jorge Montejo  3) Tom Benson - Costa Rica


Euphonia, Orange-bellied  Euphonia xanthogaster    Found: South America
The male Orange-bellied Euponhonia has yellow crown, underparts. Female has olive upperparts; yellowish-brown forehead; gray nape; yellowish-gray underparts.
Similar to: Scrub Euphonia. Ranges do not overlap.
Image by: 1, 2) Barloventomagico 3) Totodu74


Euphonia, Orange-crowned  Euphonia saturata  Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The male Orange-crowned Euphonia has glossy dark blue  upperparts; orange-yellow crown, undperparts. Female has olive upperparts; yellow underparts becoming olive over flanks.
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Juan Arango


Euphonia, Plumbeous  Euphonia plumbea   Found: South America
The male Plumbeous Euphonia has gray upperparts, head, breast; yellow belly. Females are similar, sometimes dark olive replacing gray.
Image by: 1) Daniel Lane - Peru


Euphonia, Purple-throated  Euphonia chlorotica  Found: South America
Similar to: Orange-bellied Euphonia.  The purple throat color of the male Purple-throated Euponia  extends lower than it does for the Orange-bellied Euponia.
Similar to: Scrub Euphonia. Ranges do not overlap.
Image by: 1,  2) Dario Sanches - Brazil 
1) Female  2) Male


Euphonia, Rufous-bellied  Euphonia rufiventris  Found: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
Image by: 1) Bigal River Conservation - Ecuador  2) Naturgucker  3) Geoff Gallice - Ecuador  2) Kent Nickell - Ecuador


Euphonia, Scrub  Euphonia affinis  Found: Mexico and Central America
The male Scrub Euponia has blue-black head, upperparts; yellow fore-crown, undeparts. Female has greenish-gray upperparts; pale yellow underparts.
Similar to: Orange-bellied Euphonia. Ranges do not overlap.
Similar to: Purple-throated Euphonia. Ranges do not overlap.
Image by: Brian Ralphs - Porosal, Guanacaste, Costa Rica


Euphonia, Spot-crowned  Euphonia imitans  Found: Costa Rica, Panama
The Spot-crowned Euphonia has faint dark spots on its rear crwon. Male has glossy blue-black upperparts, face, throat; yellow crown, underparts. Female has olive-green upperparts; yellowish underparts; rufous patches on forehead.
Image by: 1) Jean-Luc Baron  2) FitzF2010
1) Female 2) Male


Euphonia, Tawny-capped  Euphonia anneae  Found: Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia
The male Tawny-capped Euphonia has glossy blue-black upperparts, face, throat; tawny crown; yellow underparts. Female has olive-green upperparts; yellowish underparts; white under-tail coverts. Female also has a tawny cap.
Image by: 1) Matt Brady - Costa Rica  2) David Cook - Panama 3) Dominic Sherony - Panama


Euphonia, Thick-billed Euphonia laniirostris  Found: Central and South America
The Thick-billed Euponia is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela.
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7) Dick Daniels - Boquette, Panama   6) HarmonyOnPlanetEarth   8) Dominic Sherony - Panama
1, 2, 3) Female  4, 5) Juvenile male  7, 8) Male


Euphonia, Trinidad  Euphonia trinitatis  Found: Colombia, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela
The male Trinidad Euphonia has glossy blue-black upperparts, face, throat; yellow crown, underparts. Female has olive-green upperparts; yellowish underparts.
Image by: 1) Jerry Oldenettel - Venezuela  2, 3) Barloventomagico  4) Cristobal Minic - Venezuela
1, 2) Female 3, 4) Male


Euphonia, Velvet-fronted  Euphonia concinna  Found: Columbia
The male Velvet-fronted Euphonia has blue-black to purple upperparts, face, throat; yellow forehead, underparts. Female has dull olive upperparts; dull yellow underparts, stripe between eyes.
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Ron Knight


Euphonia, Violaceous  Euphonia violacea  Found: South America
The male Violaceous Euphonia has glossy blue-black upperparts; golden-yellow forehead, underparts. Female and juvenile have olive-green upperparts; greenish-yellow underrparts.
Image by:  1, 2, 3, 4)  Dario Sanches - Brazil   5, 6) Dick Daniels - Butterfly World, Florida 
1, 2) Female  4, 5, 6) Male 



Euphonia, White-vented  Euphonia minuta  Found: Mexico, Central America, South America
The male White-vented Euphonia has mainly dark blue upperparts; blue-black face, throat; yellow forecrown, , underparts; white rump. Female has olive colored upperparts; grayish-white throat; mainly yellow underparts; whitish ventral area..
Image by: 1) Kent Nickell - Ecuador  2) Francisco Dubon - Hondoras


Euphonia, Yellow-crowned  Euphonia luteicapilla  Found: Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama
The male Yellow-crowned Euphonia has mainly blue upperparts; blue-black face, throat; yellow crown, forehead, underparts. Female has olive colored upperparts; mainly yellow underparts.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica
1) Female 2) Juvenile male 3) Male


Euphonia, Yellow-throated  Euphonia hirundinacea  Found: Central America and northern South America
Image b: 1, 2) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica
1) Female  2) Male



Genus Haemorhous
The American Rosefinches are closely related to the Old World Rosefinches of genus Carpodacus.

Finch, Cassin's Haemorhous cassinii   Found: North America
The Cassin's Finch has brown wings; forked brown tail. Male has red on head, breast, back, rump; streaked back, undertail. Female has light brown upperparts; light underparts with brown streaks.
Similar to: House Finch. Upper part of House Finch bill (culmen) is curved; Cassin's culmen is not. House Finch has rounder head than Cassin's Finch. Female House Finch has brown head; female Cassin's Finch has brown and white head. Male House Finch has more pronounced stripes on flanks than does male Cassin's Finch.
Similar to: Pine Siskin. Pine Siskin has thinner bill.
Similar to: Purple Finch.Upper part of Purple Finch bill (culmen) is curved; Cassin's culmen is not. Cassin's Finch has pale eye-ring; Purple Finch does not.
Image by: 1, 3) Alan D Wilson - Oregon  2, 4) Steve Ryan    5) Dave Menke, USFWS
1, 2) Female  3. 4, 5) Male



Finch, House   Haemorhous mexicanus  Found: North America and Central America, Hawaii
The male House Finch has brown back shading to gray wings; reddish (usually) head, neck, shoulders; long square-tipped brown tail. Female has brown upperparts; striped underparts.
Similar to: Cassin's Finch. Upper part of House Finch bill (culmen) is curved; Cassin's culmen is not. House Finch has rounder head than Cassin's Finch. Female House Finch has brown head; female Cassin's Finch has brown and white head. Male House Finch has more pronounced stripes on flanks than does male Cassin's Finch.
Similar to: Pine Siskin. Pine Siskin has thinner bill.
Similar to: Purple Finch. Upper part of House Finch bill (culmen) is more curved then Purple Finch's. House Finch has rounder head than Purple Finch. Female House Finch has blurry stripes on front, brown head; female Purple Finch has crisp stripes on front, brown and white head. Male House Finch has more pronounced stripes on flanks than does male Purple Finch.
Image by: 1) Eugene Beckes  2, 3, 9, 10) Dick Daniels - North Carolina   4, 8) Alan D Wilson - British Columbia  5, 7) Dick - Arizona  6) Len Blumin - California male 10) Rick Leche
1 - 5) Female  6 - 11) Male


Finch, Purple  Haemorhous purpureus Found: North America
The Purple Finch has brown wings; short forked brown tail. Male has reddish head, breast, rump; reddish striped back. Female has light brown upperparts; white underparts with dark brown streaks; white supercilim.
Similar to: Cassin's Finch. Upper part of Purple Finch bill (culmen) is curved; Cassin's culmen is not. Cassin's Finch has pale eye-ring; Purple Finch does not.
Similar to: House Finch. Upper part of House Finch bill (culmen) is more curved then Purple Finch's. House Finch has rounder head than Purple Finch. Female House Finch has blurry stripes on front, brown head; female Purple Finch has crisp stripes on front, brown and white head. Male House Finch has more pronounced stripes on flanks than does male Purple Finch.
Similar to: Pine Siskin. Pine Siskin has thinner bill.
Image by: 1, 5) Alan Wilson - southern Vancouver Island  2, 6) Cephas - Quebec, Canada   3) Dick Daniels - North Carolina   4) Dick - Virginia  7) Laura Gooch - Ohio  8) Putneypics -  Vermont
1) Female, western  2, 3, 4) Female, eastern  5) Male, western  6, 7, 8) Male, eastern




Genus Hesperiphona`

Grosbeak, Evening Hesperiphona vespertinus   Found: North America and Central America
The Evening Grosbeak has black wings, tail; large pale bill. Male has brown head with yellow forehead and yellow supercilium; brown throat; brownish-yellow upper-breast transistions to yellow belly; large white patch on wing. Female mainly olive-brown plumage, grayer on underparts; white patches on wings.
Similar to: Brambling. Male Brambling has orange front of neck; male Evening Grosbeak has black neck front. Grosbeak has bigger bill.
Image by: 1) Mdf - Algonquin Provincial Park, Canada 2) Carla Kishinami - Arizona  3) Rick Leche - British Columbia   4) Oregon Fish & Wildlife   5) Putneypics - VermonT 6) Alan D Wilson - British Columbia 
1, 2, 3) Female  4, 5, 6) Male



Grosbeak, Hooded  Hesperiphona abeilleFound: Mexico
Image by: 1) Amy McAndrews  2) Jorge Montejo male - Chiapas
1) Female 2) Male



Genus Leucosticte
The Mountain-Finches of Asia and the Rosy-Finches of North America. The Rosy-Finches are so named because they have pink coloring.

Finch, Asian Rosy-  Leucosticte arctoa  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Nishimura  2) Aurelien Audevard


Finch, Black-headed Mountain-  also Brandt's Mountain-Finch  Leucosticte brandti  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Seergey Yeliseev  2) Alan Drewitt


Finch, Black Rosy- The Leucosticte atrata Found: North America (western United States)
The Black Rosy-Finch has dark body, breast; black head with gray rear crown; pink on belly, rump wings.
Similar to: Brown-capped Rosy-Finch. Adult Black Rosy-Finch has substantial black on its front; adult Brown-capped Rosy-Finch does not. Juvenile Black Rosy-Finch has light colored wing-bars; juvenile Brown-capped Rosy-finch does not.
Similar to: Gray Crowned Rosy-Finch. Adult Black Rosy-Finch has some black on its front; adult Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch does not.
Image by:  1) Jerry Oldenettel - New Mexico  2, 3, 4) Ken Schneider - New Mexico


Finch, Brown-capped Rosy- Leucosticte australis Found: North America
The Brown-capped Rosy-Finch has brown on back, breast; brown on head with black forehead; short black legs; long forked tail.
Similar to: Black Rosy-Finch. Adult Black Rosy-Finch has substantial black on its front; adult Brown-capped Rosy-Finch does not. Juvenile Black Rosy-Finch has light colored wing-bars; juvenile Brown-capped Rosy-finch does not.
Similar to: Gray Crowned Rosy-Finch. Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch has a well defined dark forehead and gray back of head; Brown-capped Rosy-Finch does not.
Image by: 1) Bruce Cyg - Colorado  2) Dominic Sherony   3, 4) Jerry Oldenettel - New Mexico
1) 1st winter


Finch, Gray-crowned Rosy- Leucosticte tephrocotis  Found: Western North America
The Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch has brown back, breast; mainly pink on rest of underparts, wings; gray head with black forehead; black throat.
Similar to: Black Rosy-Finch. Adult Black Rosy-Finch has substantial black on its front; adult Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch does not.
Similar to: Brown-capped Rosy-Finch. Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch has a well defined dark forehead and gray back of head; Brown-capped Rosy-Finch does not.
Image by: 1) Caleb Siemmons - Homer, Alaska  2) Alan D Wilson - St. Paul Island, Alaska   3, 5) Blake Matheson - Washington 4)  Dominic Sherony



Finch, Plain Mountain-  Leucosticte nemoricola  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Dibnedu Ash  2) Sergey Yeliseev



Genus Rhynchostruthus

Grosbeak, Arabian Golden-winged  also Arabian Grosbeak  Rhynchostruthus percivali  Found; Saudi Arabia, Oman, Yemen
The male Arbian Grosbeak has mainly gray-brown plumage; dqrk gray mask; white cheeks.; yellow patches on wings, tail; black bill. Female duller. Juveniles are streaky.
Image by: 1, 2) Hanne and Jens Eriksen


Grosbeak, Socotra Golden-winged  also Socotra Grosbeak  Rhynchostruthus socotranus  Found: Socotr (island off Yemen)
The male Scotoy Golden-winged Grosbeak has mainly gray-brown plumage; dark gray mask.; yellow patches on wings, tail; black bill. Female duller. Juveniles are streaky.
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit


Grosbeak, Somali  also  Somali Golden-winged Grosbeak  Rhynchostruthus louisae  Found: Somalia
The male Somali Grosbeak has mainly gray-brown plumage; dqrk face-mask; yellow patches on wings, tail. Female duller. Juveniles are streaky.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulmans
1) Adult - top; juvenile - bottom



Genus Spinus
The Goldfinches and Siskins were formerly placed in Carduelis.   They are mainly found in the New World.

Goldfinch, American Spinus tristis Found: North America
The breeding male American Goldfinch is vibrant yellow; olive when nonbreeding. Female is dull olive-brown and only slightly brightens during breeding season.
Similar to: Lawrence's Goldfinch. Lawrence's Goldfinch has yellow wingbars; American Goldfinch does not.
Similar to: Lesser Goldfinch. Male Lesser Goldfinch has completely dark crown; Male American Goldfinch has a dark forehead when breeding. Female Lesser Goldfinch have a dark gray bill; female America Goldfinch has pink bill.
Image by:   1. 5, 6) Dick Daniels - North Carolina   2) Carol Foil  3) Darren Swim - Ontario  4) Eugene Beckes   7) Glen Peterson    8) Dick - Maine
1, 2) Female nonbreeding   3) Female breeding  4, 5, 6) Male nonbreeding  7, 8) Male breeding


Goldfinch, Lawrence's  Spinus lawrencei  Found: southwestern North America, Mexico
The Lawrence's Goldfinch has mainly gray plumage; yellow rump; yellowish wing-bars; pink to gray bill. Male has more yellow on breast; black face. Female is browner.
Similar to: American Goldfinch, Lesser Goldfinch. Lawrence's Goldfinch has yellow wingbars; other 2 species do not.
Image by: 1, 5) Linda Tanner  2) Teddy Llovet   3) Jerry Oldenettel - New Mexico  4) Bill Bouton - California  6) Jamie Chevez - California
1, 2) Female  3, 4, 5, 6) Male  


Goldfinch, Lesser   Spinus psaltria Found: southwest USA to South America
The male Lesser Goldfinch has bright yellow underparts; white patches on the upperr-tail and wings. The back, upper head and ear-coverts vary in darknes. Females and juveniles have grayish olive-green upperparts; yellowish underparts, buffier in juveniles. They have less white than males on the upper-tail and wings.
Similar to: American Goldfinch. Male Lesser Goldfinch has completely dark crown; Male American Goldfinch has a dark forehead when breeding. Female Lesser Goldfinch have a dark gray bill; female America Goldfinch has pink bill.
Similar to: Lawrence's Goldfinch. Lawrence's Goldfinch has yellow wingbars; Lesser Goldfinch does not. It breeds in California and Baja California and winters in the southwestern United States and northern Mexico.
Image by: 1) Alan D Wilson - California  2, 5) John Krzesinski  3) Mike's Birds - California  4, 10 Dick Daniels - the North Carolina Zoo   6) Alan D Wilson - California   7. 8) Dick - Arizona  9) Ted Grussing  
1 - 4) Female 5 - 8) Male


Serin, Tibetan also  Tibetan Siskin  Spinus thibetanus  also Serinus thibetanus  Found: Asia
The Tibetan Serin has olive-green upperparts; yellowish-green rump; yellow supercilium, underparts. Female has black streaking on darker grayish-green upperparts, more clearly defined wing-bars;, paler yellowish throat; black flanked breast with streaking.
Image by: 1) Dibyendu Ash  2) Tang Jun


Siskin, Andean  Spinus spinescens  Found: Colombia, Ecuador,, Venezuela
The male Andrean Siskin has dark olive upperparts; black crown; yellowish-olive underparts. Female similar; lacks black crown; has whitish central belly.
Image by: 1) Pablo Gomez-Prieto - Venezuela  2) Charles Hesse


Siskin, Antillean  Spinus dominicensis  Found: Dominican Republic, Haiti
Image by: 1) Dax Roman 2) Rafae lArvelo  3) Gomez Prieto


Siskin, Black  Spinus atratus  Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru
The Black Siskin has black upperparts; yellow wing-patch; varying amount of yellow on underparts..
Similar to: Yellow-rumped Siskin. Yellow-rumped Siskin has more yellow on underparts that Black Siskin. Also, it has a yellow rump.
Image by: 1) Gomez-Prieto  2) Luis Fernández Campos


Siskin, Black-capped  Spinus atriceps  Found: Guatemala, Mexico
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans
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Siskin, Black-chinned  Spinus barbatus  Found: Argentina, Chile Falkland Islands
The male Black-chinned Siskin has small black cap; black forehead, chin; olive upperparts; yellow underparts. Female duller; lacks black markings of male.
Image by: 1) artvintage  2) OsamaK  3) Juan Tassara  4) Pablo Flores


Siskin, Black-headed  Spinus notatus  Found: Mexico, Central America
Image by: 1) Pablo Leautaud  2) Amy McAndrews


Siskin, Eurasian  also Siskin  Spinus spinus Found: Europe, Asia
The Eurasian Siskin has grayish-green upperparts; gray-streaked white underparts; black wings with yellow wing-bar; black tail with yellow sides. Male has yellowish face, breast; black cap. Females and juveniles have grayish-green head with no cap.
Image by: 1, 3) Slawomir Staszczuk   2) Cristiano Crolle -  Palude Brabbia, Italy  4) SimonEugster
1, 2) Female 3, 4) Male


Siskin, Hooded  Spinus magellanica  Found: South America
The male Hooded Siskin has mainly green upperparts; mainly yellow underparts; black hooded head; black wings with broad yellow band. Female is duller with green-brown head; yellow-green breast, flanks; whitish belly.
Image by: 1) Haplochromis  2, 4, 5)  Cláudio Timm - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil  3) Dario Sanches - Brazil 6) Dick Daniels - Ecuador
1, 2) Female  3 - 6) Male



Siskin, Pine  Spinus pinus  Found: North America
The Pine Siskin has brown streaked upperparts; pale heavily streaked underparts; short forked tail; relatively slender bill.
Similar to: Cassin's Finch, House Finch, Purple Finch. Pine Siskin has thinner bill.
Similar to: female Red-winged Blackbird. Pine Siskin has striped underparts; female Red-winged Blackbird has blurry underparts.
Image by: 1, 2) Alan D Wilson - Bella Vista Road, Vernon, British Columbia  3, 4, 5) Dick Daniels - North Carolina
1) Female  2 - 5) Male



Siskin, Red  Spinus cucullatus  Found: Columbia, Venezuela, Guyana
The male Red Siskin has black and red upperparts; black head; red underparts. Female has gray upperparts, head, belly; red breast.
Image by: 1) Girl Scientist  2) Robins et al - Guyana   3) Mark Robbins  4) Siskini
1) Pair, male on top


Siskin, Saffron  Spinus siemiradzkii  Found: Ecuador, Peru
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans


Siskin, Thick-billed  Spinus crassirostris  Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru
The Thick-billed Siskin is similar to other siskins. Distinguishing features - thick bill, white vent.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas


Siskin, Yellow-bellied  Spinus xanthogastrus  Found: Costa Rica to Columbia, Ecuador, Venezuela
The male Yellow-bellied Siskin has black upperparts, hood; yellow underparts, wing-patch. Female has dark green uppeparts; pale yellow underparts becoming brighter on belly; blackish tail, wings; yellow wing-patch.
Image by: 1) Raul Vega  2) Gomez Prieto
1) Female 2) Male


Siskin, Yellow-faced  Spinus yarrellii  Found: Brazil, Venezuela
The male Yellow-faced Siskin has black crown; bright yellow face, necks, underparts; black wings; yellow wing-bar. Female has yellowish-olive crown, underparts; yellower rump.
Image by: 1) CC Yarrellii  2) Pablo Gomez-Prieto


Siskin, Yellow-rumped  Spinus uropygialis  Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru
The Yellow-rumped Siskin has blackish upperparts; black head, neck, upperbreast; yellow rest of underparts, rump.
Similar to: Black Siskin. Yellow-rumped Siskin has more yellow on underparts that Black Siskin. Also, it has a yellow rump.
Image by: 1) Pable Contreras - Chile










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