Ï BIRDS of THE WORLD - An Online Bird Book


The Columbiformes order contains just one family, the Columbidae which is comprised of dove and pigeon species. They have small heads,short legs, and four unwebbed toes. All Columbiformes are monogamous. Unlike most other birds they are capable of drinking by sucking up water, without needing to tilt the head back.

New World

Order Columbiformes    Family Columbidae

Genus Claravis
Claravis doves have red eyes and pink legs, and the plumages of the males are primarily light gray-blue, and the females are primarily brown. Both sexes have a series of distinctive spots or bands on the wings. They are fairly arboreal for ground doves. Claravis doves have a distinct fast and rocking flight pattern.

Dove, _Blue_Ground-  Claravis pretiosa  Found: Mexico to northwestern Peru and northern Argentina; Trinidad
The male Blue Ground-Dove has blue-gray upperparts; paler gray underparts; gray-white face; wings have bold black spots often arranged to form bands; red or yellow iris; green eye-ring; pink legs. Female has ruddy upperparts; gray-brown breast, head, neck; chestnut-brown wing spots; pale blue-gray underwings, belly; chestnut rump, tail.
Image by: 1) Doug Janson  2) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  3) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica  4) Francesco_Veronesi - Costa Rica
1) Female 2, 3, 4) Male

Dove, Maroon-chested Ground-  Claravis mondetoura  Found: Mexico, Central America, northern South America
The Maroon-cheast Ground-Dove has reddish-eyes; pink legs; blackish-violet wing-bars. Male has dark blue-gray upperparts; whitish forehead, throat; dark maroon breast; blackish primary feathers; dark gray on underwings. Female has gray-brown head; brownish forehead, mainly white throat; dark brown crown, nape, back; brown-gray breast, flanks; paler and grayer belly; grayish-ocre undertail coverts; brownish rump.
Image by: 1) Donna Lynn - Costa Rica

Dove,_Purple-winged_Ground-  Claravis geoffroyi  Found: mainly near bamboo in South America
The Purple-winged Ground-Dove population is estimated to number 50 to 249 individuals.
Image by: 1) Pinned  2) Pinned
1) Female 2) Male

Genus Columbina
Small ground doves found in the New World. Their under-wings are reddish.

Dove, Blue-eyed Ground-
  Columbina cyanopis  Found: Brazil
The Blue-eyed Ground-Dove can be differentiated from the Ruddy Ground-Dove by its rufous head; whitish throat, vent.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) chicoaquarela
1) Top: Blue-eyed Ground-Dove;   Bottom: Ecuadorian Ground-Dove

Dove, Common Ground- Columbina passerina   Found: The Americas
The Common Ground-Dove has brown back; brown wings with black spots; chestnut primary feathers; yellow bill with black tip; pink feathers around the bill. Feathers on head and breast have scale-like appearance. North America's smallest dove.
Similar to: Inca Dove. Inca dove has scales on back, Common Ground-Dove does not.
Similar to: Plain-breasted Ground-Dove. The Plain-breasted Ground-Dove does not have a scaly breast; the Common Ground-Dove has a scaly breast.
Similar to: Rudy Ground-Dove. Common Ground-Dove has scales on breast, Common Ground-Dove does not.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - Jamaica   2, 3) Dick - Puerto Rico  4) Peter Wallack  5) Dominic Sherony    6) Wilson - Martin Homestead Refuge, Edinburg, Texas

Dove,_Croaking_Ground-  Columbina cruziana  Found: Chile, Ecuador, and Peru
The Croaking Ground-Dove has yellow at base of bil; black pimaries, wing-bar.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Peru  2) David Cook - Peru  3) Ecologyweb - Peru

Dove,_Ecuadorian_Ground-  Columbina buckleyi  Found: Ecuador, Peru
The Ecuadorian Ground-Dove has smooth grayish-brown upperparts; dull pinkish-gray underparts.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans   2, 3) Nick Athanas - Ecuador

Dove, Inca  Columbina inca   Found: southwestern USA to Costa Rica
The Inca Dove has a gray-brown body with a scaly appearance; long tail; white under-tail. Despite the name they do not occur in any area were the Inca Empire used to be.
Similar to: Common Ground-Dove. Inca dove has scales on back, Common Ground-Dove does not.
Image by:  1) Alan D Wilson - New Mexico  2) C and C Roberson - Texas   3) J N Stuart - Arizona   4) Dick Daniels - Arizona at Desert Museum aviary  5) Dick - National Aviary  5) Elvis Herrera - Mexico 

Dove,_Picui_Ground-  Columbina picui    Found: South America
Image by:  1) Claudio Timm - Brazil  2) Francesco_Veronesi  3) Carlos_Henrique  4) Nick Athanas - Brazil 

Dove, Plain-breasted Ground-  Columbina minuta  Found: Cenral America, South America
Similar to: Common Ground-Dove. The Plain-breasted Ground-Dove does not have a scaly breast; the Common Ground-Dove has a scaly breast.
Image by: 1) Leoadec - Brazil  2, 3) Barloventomagico - Venezuela

Dove, Ruddy Ground-  Columbina talpacoti  Found: southwest North America to south South America
The male Rudy Ground_Dove has rufous upperparts; gray head and neck; black spotted wing coverts; pale brown underparts; cinnamon and black under-wings. Female is gray-brown instead of rufous.
Similar to: Common Ground-Dove. Common Ground-Dove has scales on breast, Common Ground-Dove does not.
Similar to: Blue-eyed Ground-Dove.
Similar to: Mourning Dove. Mourning Dove is much larger than Ruddy Ground-Dove.
Image by: 1) Barloventomagico - Venezuela  2) Patty McGann - Panama  3, 4) Dario Sanches - Brazil
  5, 6) Dick Daniels - Boquette, Panama  7) Nick Athanas - Panama

Dove, Scaled  Columbina squammata   Found: Caribbean, South America
The Scaled Dove has grayish-brown upperparts; pinkish-gray face, breast; white throat.The dove is gets its "scaled" appearance from the dark edges of the birds feathers.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas  2) Barloventomagico - Venezuela  3, 4) Dario Sanches - Brazil

Genus Geotrygon
The quail-doves have ranges from southern Mexico and Central America to the West Indies and South America. Quail-doves are ground-dwelling birds that live, nest, and feed in dense forests. They are remarkable for their purple to brown coloration with light-and-dark facial markings.
See also Starnoenas.

Dove, Bridled Quail-  Geotrygon mystacea  Found: Caribbean
The Bridled Quail-Dove is a shy, secretive, and inconspicuous medium-sized ground-dwelling dove typically found foraging among leaf litter in mountainous forests and lowland woodlands.
Image by: 1, 2) Jason Crotty - St. John, USVI

Dove,_Crested_Quail-  Geotrygon versicolor   Found: Jamaica
The Crested Quail-Dove has purple-rufous upperparts; reddish primary and secondaries; gray head with gray crest.
Image by: 1) Dominic Sherony  2) cuatrok77

Dove,_Gray-fronted_Quail-  Geotrygon caniceps  Found: Cuba
The Gray-fronted Quail-Dove has dark gray upperparts with blue and purple iridescence; paler underparts; gray crown with white forehead.
Image by: 1) Jerry Oldenettel - Cuba  2) Allan_Hopkins

Dove, Indigo-crowned Quail- also Purple Quail-Dove  Geotrygon purpurata  Found: Columbia, Ecuador
The Indigo-crowned Quail-Dove has brownish-purple upperparts; purple crown; white forehead, cheeks, belly; black malar stripe.
Image by: 1) Bruce Thomson - Ecuador  2) Dale Toweill - Ecuador

Dove,_Key_West_Quail-  Geotrygon chrysia  Found: Bahamas, Greater Antilles
The Key West Quail-Dove has dark rusty back, wings; white cheek stripe; greenish crown, nape; pale underparts.
Image by: 1, 2) Rafy Rodriquez  3) Charles_J_Sharp

Dove, Olive-backed Quail-  Geotrygon veraguensis  Found: Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Nicaragua, Panama
The Olive-backed Quail-Dove has white forehead, throat, cheek stripe; black malar stripe; reddish-buff flanks.
Image by: 1) Bernard Quaritch  2) Dušan Brinkhuizen  3) Pinned

Dove, Ruddy Quail-  Geotrygon montana  Found: Central and South America
The Ruddy Quail-Dove has ruddy-brown upperparts, lighter underparts; broad pale stripe under the eye. Male darker than female.
Image by: 1) Kim Hansen - Guadeloupe  2) Barloventomagico - Venezuela  3) Francisco Enriquez - Ecuador
1, 2) Female 3) Male

Dove,_Sapphire_Quail- Geotrygon saphirina  Found: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
The Sapphire Quail-Dove has mix of green, gold, and purplish iridescences over the head and upperparts; pale gray underparts; white forehead; broad white cheek stripe; black below the cheek stripe.
Image by: 1) Smithsonian Wild  2) Pinned  3) Pinned

Dove, Violaceous Quail-  Geotrygon violacea Found: Central and South America
The Violaceous Quail-Dove is foundin Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela.
Image by: 1) HarmonyOnPlanetEarth - Panama  2) Pinned

Dove, White-fronted Quail-  Geotrygon leucometopia  Found: island of Hispanolia
The White-fronted Quail-Dove has dark purplish upperparts; lack of facial stripes; bold white forehead.
Image by: 1) Miguel Landestoy - Dominican Republic  2) Salgado Nature Photograph

Genus Leptotila
New World tropical and subtropical doves. Mainly found in Central America, northern South America, and the Caribbean. They generally have pale forehead, underparts; darker back, wings.These species are mainly ground dwelling.

Dove, Caribbean  Leptotila jamaicensis  Found: Caribbean, Mexico
Image by: 1, 2) Trisha Shears  3) Pinned

Dove,_Gray-chested  Leptotila cassinii  Found: Mexico, Central America, Columbia
Image by: 1) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica  2) Nick Athanas - Columbia

Dove,_Gray-fronted  Leptotila rufaxilla  Found: South America
The Gray-fronted Dove has a blue-gray crown; whitish forehead, throat; whitish underparts with pink-buff on the breast; brown wings; rufous under-wing; yellow eyes with red eye-ring; black bill; legs red.
Image by: 1) Barloventedmagico - Venezuela 2) Joao_Quental  3) Dario Sanches

Dove, Gray-headed  Leptotila plumbeiceps  Found: eastern Mexico to Panama, Columbia
The Gray-headed Dove has gray-brown back, wings; gray head; pale underparts; yellow eyes.
Image by: 1) Jei_Pov - Columbia  2) Amy McAndrews - Mexico 

Dove,_Grenada  Leptotila wellsi  Found: island of Grenada in the Lesser Antilles
The Grenada Dove has olive-brown upperparts; dark wings; white forehead, breast.
Image by: 1) Mark Stevens   2) Mikko_Pyhala

Dove,_Ochre-bellied   Leptotila ochraceiventris  Found: Ecuador, Peru
The Ochre-bellied Dove has mainly dark olive upperparts; whitish-pink forehead becoming rusty-pink on crown; purple hindcrown, mantle; buff neck; vinaceous breast; whitish or ochre belly.
Image by: 1) Tony_Castro - Ecuador  2) Dušan Brinkhuizen

Dove,_Pallid  Leptotila pallida  Found: near coast of Columbia, Ecuador
The Pallied Dove has gray crown, nape; chesnut-brown back, wings; pale underparts; white-tipped tail.
Image by: 1) Carlos Calle  3) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  3) Francesco_Veronesi - Ecuador  4) Pinned

Dove, Tolima  Leptotila conoveri  Found: Columbia
The Tolima Dove is found(east slope of the Colombian Andes from Tolima to Huila.
Image by: 1)  Hugo Loaiza

Dove, White-faced also Large-tailed Dove also Yungas Dove  Leptotila megalura  Found: Argentina, Bolivia
The White-faced Dove has white tip on tail; brown upperparts and wings; purple gloss to hindneck; light underparts; whiteface; white partial eye-ring.
Similar to: White-tipped Dove. White-faced Dove has white partial eye-ring; White-tipped Dove has no eye-ring.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) naturgucker  3) Joe Tobias

Dove,_White-tipped  Leptotila verreauxi  Found: south Texas to South America
The White-tipped Dove has broad white tip on tail, best seen from below or in flight; gray-brown upperparts and wings; light underparts; rufous under-wing; gray head, nape; pale forehead, throat; red or blue eye-ring.
Similar to: White-faced Dove. White-faced Dove has white partial eye-ring; White-tipped Dove has no eye-ring.
Similar to: White-winged Dove. The White-winged Dove has conspicuous white on its wings; White-tipped Dove doesn't.
Image by: 1) Carol Foil - Belize  2) Kathy and Sam - Costa Rica  3) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica  4) Claudio Timm  5) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  6) Alan D Wilson - Texas  7, 8) Dick Daniels - near Penonome, Panama

Genus Metriopelia

Dove,_Bare-faced_Ground- Metriopelia ceciliae Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, and Peru
The Bare-faced Ground-Dove has grayish-brown upperparts with pale feather edges; gray with pink or buffy tinged underparts; yellow to orange orbital skin around eyes.
Image by: 1) Ron Knight  2) carlo castellani - Bolivia 3) Nick Athanas - Chile

  Metriopelia melanoptera  Found: South America
The Black-winged Ground-Dove has a yellow patch beneath the eye.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Nick Athanas - Argentina, Argentina, Ecuador  4) Carlo Castellani - Peru  5) Alastair Rae  6) Jerry Oldenettel - Ecuador

Dove,_Golden-spotted_Ground-  Metriopelia aymara  Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru.
The Golden-spotted Ground-Dove has a patch of golden colored spots beneath its shoulder.
Image by: 1) Hector Bottai - Chile  2) Nick Athanas - Argentina

Dove, Moreno's Ground-  also  Bare-eyed Ground-Dove  Metriopelia morenoFound: Argentina
The Moreno's Ground-Dove has brown upperparts; gray underparts; orange orbital skn around eyes; pnikish legs.
Image by: 1) Ron Knight  2, 3) Nick Athanas - Argentina

Genus Patagioenas
New World Pigeons. Diverged from the Genus Columba over 8 million years ago.

Pigeon, Band-tailed  Patagioenas fasciata   Found: The Americas
The Band-tailed Pigeon has mainly gray plumage; white belly; green iridescence on back of neck with white arc above; yellow bill, feet.
Similar to: Rock Dove. Band-trailed Pigeon has white stripe on nape; Rock Dove does not. Band-trailed Pigeon has yellow bill with black tip; Rock Dove does not have yellow on its bill.
Image by: 1) Alan Vernon - Arizona  2) Gary Kramer, US Fish and Wildlife Service  3) Ingrid Taylar  4) Greg Smith - California

Pigeon,_Bare-eyed  Patagioenas corensis Found: South America
The Bare-eyed Pigeon is found in Aruba, Colombia, Netherlands Antilles, and Venezuela. It has blue scaled neck patch, white edged wing; reddish-brown and black bare orbital skin.
Image by: 1) Barloventomagico - Venezuela 2) William_Kreijkes  3) Alberto_VO5

Pigeon, Chilean  Patagioenas araucana  Found: Argentina, Chile, Falkland Islands.
The Chilean Pigeon has mainly dark gray plumage; thin white collar on rear nape; reddish underparts.
Image by: 1) RH London  2) Diego Reyes Arellano

Pigeon,_Dusky  Patagioenas goodsoni  Found: Colombia, Ecuador, and Panama_ReinaldoAguilar
Imsge by: 1) Jerry Oldenettel - Ecuador 2) Michael Woodruff - Ecuador  3) Nick Athanas - Ecuador

Pigeon,_Pale-vented  Patagioenas cayennensis  Found: Mexico to Argentina
The Peruvian Pigeon has mainly dull purple plumage; gray wing covert, rumps; dark gray lower back and tail; light gray lower underparts; black bill.
Similar to: Peruvian Pigeon. Pale-vented Pigeon has paler undertail coverts than belly; Peruvian Pigeon undertail coverts and belly same color. Ranges rarely overlap.
Image by: 1) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica  2) Claudio Timm   3) Nick Athanas - Ecuador

Pigeon,_Peruvian   also  Maranon Pigeon  Patagioenas oenops  Found: Ecuador, Peru
The Peruvian Pigeon has mainly dull purple plumage; gray wing covert, rumps; dark gray lower back and tail; black bill; red iris, eye-ring.
Similar to: Pale-vented Pigeon. Pale-vented Pigeon has paler undertail coverts than belly; Peruvian Pigeon undertail coverts and belly same color. Ranges rarely overlap.
Image by: 1, 2) Doug Janson  3) Nick Athanas - Peru

Pigeon, Picazuro  Patagioenas picazuro  Found: South American
The Picazuor Pigeon has mainly brown plumage; white dashes on neck; darker brown wing patterns; gray rump
Image by:  1, 4) Dario Sanches - Sao Paulo Botanic Garden, Brazil   2, 3) dfaulder - Buenos Aires, Argentina  5) Cristiano Crolle - Buenos Aires, Argentina  6) Nick Athanas - Brazil

Pigeon, Plain  Patagioenas inornata  Found: Caribbean
The Plain Pigeon has mainly blue-gray plumage with a rose wash; white leading edge of folded wing; dark red legs.
Image by: 1) Paloma Sabanera - Puerto Rica  2) Ron Knight - Dominican Republic

Pigeon,_Plumbeous  Patagioenas plumbea  Found: Panama, South America
Image by: 1) Ron Knight  2) Vivek Tiwari  3) Nick Athanas - Ecuador

Pigeon, Red-billed  Patagioenas flavirostris  Found: The Americas
Red-billed Pigeon has mainly reddish-purple plumage; gray tail, lower belly; red bill with white tip. Its eyes and legs are red.
Image by: 1) Michael Woodruff - Costa Rica  2) Tom Friedel  3) Muchaxo

Pigeon,_Ring-tailed  Patagioenas caribaea  Found: Jamaica
Image by: 1, 2) Ron Knight  3) abcdefgewing  4) Charles_J_Sharp

Pigeon,_Ruddy  Patagioenas subvinacea  Found: Costa Rica to central South America
The Ruddy Pigeon has mainly reddish-purple plumage with the back more rufous; black bill; purple-red legs.
Similar to: Short-billed Pigeon. Short-billed Pigeon has darker back; Ruddy Pigeon has shorter bill.
Image by: 1) Michael Woodruff - NW Ecuador  2) Sergio Quesada - Costa Rica  3) Nick Athanas - Ecuador

Pigeon,_Scaled  Patagioenas speciosa  Found: Mexico, Central America, South America
The Scaled Pigeon has reddish-brown upperparts; black and white spotted underparts; purplish head; reddish bill with yellow tip. Female has less boldly speckled underparts.
Image by: 1) Dave Curtis - Panama  2) Diego Calderon - Columbia  3) Nick Athanas - Brazil

  Patagioenas nigrirostris  Found: southern Mexico south to northwestern Colombia.
The Shirt-billed Pigeon has mainly wine-purple plumage; tending to olive-brown on the back; browner on the belly; short black bill; purplish-red eyes, legs. Female slighly duller and browner than male.
Similar to: Ruddy Pigeon. Short-billed Pigeon has darker back; Ruddy Pigeon has shorter bill.
Image by: 1) Reinaldo Aguilar - Costa Rica  2) Amy McAndrews - Mexico

Pigeon, Spot-winged  Patagioenas maculosa  Found: South America
The Spot-winged Pigeon has gray plumage; white spots on wing coverts. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay.
Image by: 1) Lip Kee Yap  2)  Cláudio Timm  3) Nick Athanas - Argentina

Pigeon,_Scaly-naped  Patagioenas squamosa  Found: The Caribbean
The Scaly-naped Pigeon has mainly gray plumage; maroon around the neck which appears scaly. Bare skin around male's eyes is reddish; around female more yellowish.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - St. John, Virgin Islands  2, 3) Dick - Mayaquez Zoo, Puerto Rico 4) Postdif

Pigeon,_White-crowned  Patagioenas leucocephala  Found: The Caribbean and North America (South Florida)
The White-crowned Pigeon has a distinct white crown; mainly dark gray plumage; green and white bars on nape; white iris; pale-tipped red bill.
Image by: 1, 2) Dave Irving - Bahamas; Florida  3) Lip_kee  4) Brandon_Trentler

Genus Starnoenas - 1 species

Dove,_Blue-headed_Quail- Starnoenas cyanocephala Found: Cuba
The Blue-headed Quail-Dove has mainly cinnamon colored plumage; white cheek stripe; black eye-line; cobalt blue head; black bib outlined in white.
Image by: 1) Rafy Rodriguez  2) Jerry Oldenettel  3) Enriqueascanio01

Genus Uropelia - 1 species

Dove,_Long-tailed_Ground-  Uropelia campestris  Found: Bolivia, Brazil
Image by: 1) Jader Ries - Brazil  2, 3) Claudio Timm - Brazil  4) Nick Athanas - Brazil

Genus Zenaida

Dove, Eared  Zenaida auriculata   Found: South America
The Eared Dove has mainly olive-brown upperparts with black spots on wings; gray crown; black line behind eye; pale blue-black spot at ear region; reddish underparts; black bill; red legs.
Similar to: Mourning Dove. Range does not overlap except near junction of North and South America and there interbreeding may be problematic.
Image by: 1) Gustavo Duran   2) Cristiano Crolle - Buenos Aires, Argentina  3) Dario Sanches - Brazil  4) Arthur Chapman  5) Claudio Timm - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil  6, 9) Dick Daniels - Quito, Ecuador  7, 8) Dick - Lima, Peru 

Dove,_Galapagos Zenaida galapagoensis   Found: Galapagos Islands
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - the Galapagos Islands 3) putneymark  4) Nick Athanas 

Dove, Mourning Zenaida macroura   Found: North America, Central America, north South America (rare)
The Mourning Doves is name for their sound. It has gray and brown plumage; black spots on back and wings; pale blue eye-ring. Millions are killed each year by hunters, but they are prolific breeders.
Similar to: Eared Dove. Range does not overlap except near junction of North and South America and there interbreeding may be problematic.
Similar to: Ruddy Ground-Dove. Mourning Dove is much larger than Ruddy Ground-Dove.
Image by: 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8) Dick Daniels - North Carolina  3) Dick - New Hampshire  9, 10) Dick - Arizona
1, 2, 3) Juvenile.

Dove, Socorro  Zenaida graysoni  Sorcorro Island off Mexico
The male Socorro Dove has deep crimson head, underparts;  blue-gray nape; rufous brown underparts. Female is slightly duller. It has been extinct in wild, but a reintroduction program has started.
Image by: 1) Harmish Irivine - Edinburgh Zoo  2, 3) Trisha Shears - Louisville Zoo

Dove, West Peruvian  also Pacific Dove  Zenaida meloda  Found; southwest Ecuador to north Chile
The West Peruvian Dove has brownish-gray upperparts; gray underparts; white wing marking; bright blue eye-patch.
Similar to: White-winged Dove. Range does not overlap.
Image by: 1) Ecologyweb - Peru  2) Ellen MacDonald - Peru  3) Mark Harper  4) Charlie Westerinen - Lima Peru  5,  6, 7, 8) Dick Daniels - Lima, Peru 

Dove, White-winged Zenaida asiatica   Found: North America, Central Amercia
The White-winged Dove has brownish-gray upperparts; gray underparts; white wing marking; blue eye-patch.
Similar to: West Peruvian Dove. Range does not overlap.
Similar to: White-tipped Dove. The White-winged Dove has conspicuous white on its wings; White-tipped Dove doesn't.
Image by:   1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - North Carolina Zoo   4) Dick - Jamaica  5, 6, 7, 8) Dick - Puerto Rico   9, 10, 11) Dick - Arizona

Dove,_Zenaida  Zenaida aurita   Found: the Caribbean
The Zenaida Dove has gray and brown plumage; black spots on back and wings; blue patch on neck; pale blue eye-ring.
Similar to: Mourning Dove. Zenaida Dove has blue patch on neck; Mourning Dove does not.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - Jamaica  2, 3) Dick - Puerto Rico   4) Dick - St. John, Virgin Islands  5) Rafy_Rodriguez  6) Berit 

Genus Zentrygon

Dove,_Buff-fronted_Quail-  Zentrygon costaricensis  Found: Costa Rica, Panama
The Buff-fronted Quail-Dove has dark reddish-brown upperparts; gray underparts; gray head with buff forehead.
Image by: 1) Stongey - Costa Rica  2) Nick Athanas - Costa Rica  3) David Rodriguez - Costa Rica

Dove,_Chiriqui_Quail-  Zentrygon chiriquensis Found: Costa Rica, Panama
The Chiriqui Quail-Dove has maroon to rufous upperparts; gray crown, nape; rufous breast; red eyes; reddish legs.
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) David Rodriguez - Costa Rica  3) Nick Athanas - Costa Rica

Dove,_Lined_Quail-  Zentrygon linearis  Found: Colombia, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela
The Lined Quail-Dove has a puplish mantle; intricate face pattern. It is a poorly known species.
Image by: 1)Mikko Pyhälä - Venezuela

Dove,_Purplish-backed_Quail-  Zentrygon lawrencii  Found: highlands of Central America
The Purplish-backed Quali-Dove has brown upperparts with purplish tinged mantle; gray breast; light brown flanks; white face; black malar stripe and loral line.
Image by: 1) Dominic Sherony- Costa Rica  2) Daniel López-Velasco - Costa Rica

Dove,_Russet-crowned_Quail-  Zentrygon goldmani  Found: eastern Panama, northwest Columbia
The Russet-crowned Quail-Dove is found at elevations of 750 to 1600 m.
Image by: 1) Andrew Spencer - Panama

Dove,_Tuxtla_Quail-  Zentrygon carrikeri  Found: Sierra de los Tuxtlas of Mexico's Veracruz state
The Tuxtula Quail-Dove is an endangered species which is now severely fragmented in three areas on two volcanoes. It was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the Purplish-backed Quail-Dove of Central America.
Image by: 1) Alan Monroy Ojeda

Dove, White-faced Quail- Zentrygon albifacies  Found: Mexico to Nicaragua
The White-faced Quail-Dove has a pale face and does not have a dark malar stripe; faint eye-line.
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2, 3) Amy McAndrews

Dove,_White-throated_Quail-  Zentrygon frenata  Found: South America
Image by: 1) Bernard Quaritch  2) Francesco Veronesi - Ecuador  3, 4) Nick Athanas - Ecuador

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