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DOVEs and PIGEONs

The Columbiformes order contains just one family, the Columbidae which is comprised of dove and pigeon species. They have small heads,short legs, and four unwebbed toes. All Columbiformes are monogamous. Unlike most other birds they are capable of drinking by sucking up water, without needing to tilt the head back.

Pacific Region

Order Columbiformes   Family Columbidae



Genus Caloenas - 1 species

Pigeon, Nicobar  Caloenas nicobarica  Found: Indonesia vicinity
The Nicobar Pigeon has gray head; gray, green, and copper neck plumage; dark gray breast; dark bill with blackish knob; dull red legs. Females have browner underparts.
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo   3) Dick Daniels - World of Birds, South Africa    4) Dick - North Carolina Zoo



Genus Chalcophaps
Found in southeast Asia and Australasia

Dove, Emerald  Chalcophaps indica  Found: Asia, Australasia
The Emerald Dove has bright emerald green back and wings; black primary feathers, tail; pink head and underparts fading to gray on lower belly; white arc over  dark brown eyes; red bill, legs.

Image by:  1) William Kreijkes  2) Dick Daniels - Miami Zoo  3, 6) Dick - San Diego Zoo  4, 5) Sandy Cole - San Diego Zoo 




Genus Cryptophaps - 1 species

Pigeon, Sombre  Cryptophaps poecilorrhoa Found: Sulawesi ((Indonesia)
Image by: 1) Ariel Frayman



Genus Ducula
The Imperial-Pigeons form a genus of very large pigeons, hence their name "imperial". They dwell in forest, eat fruit, and are strong flyers. Most Imperial-Pigeons are found in southeast Asia and the tropical Pacific.

Pigeon, Baker's Imperial- also  Vanuatu Imperial-Pigeon   Ducula bakeri Found: Vauuatu in south Pacific Ocean
Image by: 1) SalvatoreChamu


Pigeon, Barking Imperial-  also  Peale's Imperial-Pigeon  Ducula latrans  Found: Fiji
Image by: 1) joseph Smit  2) Tom Tarrant


Pigeon, Black Imperial also Bismarck Imperial Pigeon  Ducula melanochroa  Found: near Papua New Guinea
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit


Pigeon, Chestnut-bellied Imperial-  Ducula brenchleyFound: Solomon Islands (east of New Guinea)
Image by: 1) Guy B


Pigeon, Christmas Island Imperial-  Ducula whartoni  Found: Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Roger Williams


Pigeon, Cinnamon-bellied Imperial-  Ducula basilica  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Paulo Alves  2) xRiffRaffx


Pigeon, Collared Imperial-  also  Black-collared Fruit Pigeon  Ducula mullerii  Found: Australasia
The Collared Imperial-Pigeon has gray upperparts; gray-pink underparts; black collar on white neck. Found New Guinea and the Aru Islands. It has been recorded from Boigu and Saibai islands, Australian territory in northern Torres Strait.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo  2) Sandy Cole - San Diego Zoo  3) Dick Daniels - Miami Zoo   4) Trisha Shears - Cincinnati Zoo
1, 2) Perhaps mites is causing the facial problem.


Pigeon, Dark-backed Imperial-  Ducula lacernulata  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Marcel Holyoak


Pigeon, Elegant Imperial-  Ducula concinna  Found: New Guinea
The Elegant Imperial-Pigeon has main dark blue-green upperparts with iridescent sheen; pale gray head, neck, underparts
Image by: 1) Quarti


Pigeon, Finsch's Imperial-  Ducula finschii  Found: Papua New Guinea
Image by: 1) David Cook 


Pigeon, Goliath Imperial-  also  New Caldonian Imperial-Pigeon  Ducula goliath  Found: New Caldonia
Image by: 1) Jean Ravau  2) Tony Morris


Pigeon, Gray Imperial- 
Ducula pickeringii  Found: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines
Image by: 1) Raymond Velasquez


Pigeon, Gray-headed Imperial-  Ducula radiata  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Nigel Voaden


Pigeon, Green Imperial-  Ducula aenea  Found: southern Asia and east to Indonesia
The Green Imperial-Pigeon has metallic-green back, wings, tail; off-white head, neck; off-white underparts with maroon under-tail; bluish-gray bill; dark red eyes; reddish feet. D. a. Paulina has rusty-brown on nape.
Image by: 1) Li Refugee  2, 3, 4) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo  5) Sandy Cole - San Diego Zoo



Pigeon, Island Imperial-  Ducula pistrinaria  Found: Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) David Cook - Papua New Guinea


Pigeon, Marquesan Imperial-  Ducula galeata  Found: French Polynesia
The Marquesan Imperial-Pigeon has glossy-green upperparts, wings, tail; sooty-gray head, throat, breast.
Image by: 1) Samuel Etienne 


Pigeon, Micronesian Imperial-  Ducula oceanica  Found: Micronesia and other islands
Image by: 1) Hennrick von Klittlitz


Pigeon, Mindoro Imperial-  Ducula mindorensis  Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans


Pigeon, Mountain Imperial-  Ducula badia  Found: eastern Asia
The Mountain Imperial-Pigeon has a brownish-maroon back upperparts; vinous-gray head, neck, underparts; white throat.
Image by: 1, 2) Francesco Veronesi - Thailand


Pigeon, Pacific Imperial-  Ducula pacifica  Found: Papua New Guinea, Cook Islands, Tonga and other islands of Pacific
Image by: 1) abcdefgewing


Pigeon, Pied Imperial-  Ducula bicolor  Found: Asia
The Pied Imperial-Pigeon is creamy-white with dark flight and tail feathers; brown eyes; bluish bill and legs.
Image by: 1, 2) Darren Bellerby - Jurong Bird Park, Singapore  3) Dick Daniels - National Aviary  4) Dick - Miami Zoo


Pigeon, Pink-bellied Imperial-  Ducula poliocephala  Found: Philippines
The Pied Pink-bellied-Pigeon has mainly dark gray plumage; pale gray head; pink belly; brown, black and gray patterned tail; red eyes.
Image by: 1) Hospoda


Pigeon, Pink-headed Imperial-  Ducula rosacea  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Ron Knight


Pigeon, Pinon's Imperial  Ducula pinon  Found: Indonesai, Papua New Guinea
Image by: 1) Charles Lam  2) Jerry Oldenettel - Papua New Guinea


Pigeon, Polynesian Imperial-  Ducula pacifica  Found: French Polynesian
Image by: 1) Hamilton


Pigeon, Purple-tailed Imperial-  Ducula rufigaster  Found: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
Image by: 1) Frank Wouters  2) Gouldy


Pigeon, Red-knobbed Imperial-  Ducula rubricera  Found: Papua New Guinea
Image by: 1, 2) Davide Cook


Pigeon, Rufescent Imperial-  Ducula chalconota  Found: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
Image by: 1) showyourbird.com


Pigeon, Silver-tipped Imperial-  Ducula luctuosa  Found: Sulawesi (Indonesia)
Image by: 1) Salvatore Chamu


Pigeon, Spectacled Imperial-  Ducula perspicillata  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) John Mittermeier


Pigeon, Spotted Imperial-  Ducula poliocephala  Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) Jan Harteman


Pigeon, Timor Imperial-  Ducula cineracea  Found: Indonesia, East Timor
Image by: 1) Colin Trainor 


Pigeon, Torresian Imperial- Ducula spilorrhoa    Found: Australia
The Torresian Imperial-Pigeon has white or creamy plumage apart from black flight feather and part of the tail; pale bill; black eyes.
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - Australia


Pigeon, White-bellied Imperial-   Ducula forsteni  Found: Indonesia
The White-bellied Imperial-Pigeon has a white belly, head, tail band; green upperparts, neck collar, breast; red around the eyes.
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo  3) Sandy Cole - San Diego Zoo


Pigeon, Zoe's Imperial  Ducula zoeae  Found: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
Image by: 1, 2) Doug Janson  3) Jerry Oldenettel



Genus Gallicolumba
This is a genus of mid-sized ground-dwelling doves which occur in rainforests on the Philippines, Indonesia, and in the Pacific region. They fruits and seeds.

Bleeding-heart, Luzon Gallicolumba luzonica Found: island of  Luzon and vicinity, Philippines
The Luzon Bleeding-heart has vivid red patch on the breast; irridescent slate-gray upperparts; buff or chestnut belly, under wings; bold wing bars.
Image by: 1, 3) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights  2) Sandy Cole - Sylvan Heights  4) Dick - Zoo Miami


Bleeding-heart, Mindanao  Gallicolumba crinigera  Found: Philippines
The Mindanao Bleeding-heart has red patch on breast.
Image by: 1) Magalhães   2) Heather Paul


Bleeding-heart, Negros  Gallicolumba keayi  Found: islands of Negros and Panay (Philippines)
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans


Dove, Bronze Ground-  Gallicolumba beccarii  Found: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Mark A Harper - Papua New Guinea
1) Top- G. b. beccarii;  bottom - G. b. solomonensis


Dove, Caroline Islands Ground-  Gallicolumba kubaryi Found: Micronesia
Image by: 1) Tony Morris


Dove, Cinnamon Ground-  also Golden-heart Dove  Gallicolumba rufigula  Found: Australasia
Cinnamon Ground-Dove has cinnamon upperparts; gray head with orange-brown forehead; black eye-ring; white underparts with orange-brown flanks and yellowish center of breast..
Image by: 1) Trisha Shears - Louisville Zoo  2) Kevin


Dove, Polynesian Ground-  Gallicolumba erythroptera  Found: French Polynesia and nearby islands
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans


Dove, Purple Ground-  also White-breasted Ground-Dove  also White-bibbed Ground-Dove  Gallicolumba jobiensis 
   Found: Indonesia, Australasia
The White-bibbed Ground-Dove has gray upperparts with purple mantle and wings; gray crown; white bib extends to mid-breast. It is found in Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and Solomon Islands.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo  2) Sandy Cole - San Diego Zoo


Dove, Sulawesi Ground-   Gallicolumba tristigmata   Found: Sulawesi (an Indonesian island)
The Sulawesi Ground-Dove has olive-brown upperparts; golden forehead; purple nape patch; yellow breast; white belly; red legs
Image by: 1) Valerie 2) Danny Barron - Oklahoma City Zoo  3) Stavenn 


Dove, Tongan Ground- also Friendly Ground-Dove  Gallicolumba stairi  Found: Fiji, Tonga, Samoa, and other islands
Image by: 1) Joseph Wolf


Dove, White-throated Ground-  Gallicolumba xanthonura  Found: Mariana Islands
The male White-throated Ground-Dove has chocolate brown body; white head, breast. Female is all brown.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Trisha Shears - Louisville Zoo  4) Dick Daniels - National Aviary
1) Female  2, 3, 4) Male



Genus  Gymnophaps
The mountain-pigeons have gray upperparts; red around the eyes; eat fruit.

Pigeon, Buru Mountain-  Gymnophaps mada  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans


Pigeon, Papuan Mountain-  Gymnophaps albertisii  Found: New Guiniea, and other Pacific Islands
The Papuan Mountain-Pigeon has dark gray upperparts; gray tail with white tip; white breast; red patch around eyes.
Image by: 1, 3) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo  2) Sandy Cole - San Diego Zoo  



Genus Lopholaimus - 1 species

Pigeon, Chatham Island  Hemiphaga chathamensis   Found: Chatham Islands of New Zealand
Image by:

Pigeon, Topknot  Lopholaimus antarcticus  Found: Australia
The Topknot Pigeon has a crest of gray feathers at the front and brow-red feathers at the rear; dark gray upperparts; slaty black tail with one light gray band; red-brown bill.
Image by: 1) Elizabeth Gould



Genus Macropygia
This genus is one of three genera known as cuckoo-doves (Macropygia Reinwardtoena Turacoena). They are long tailed, range between 27-45 cm in length and have brown plumage. The genus ranges from India and China through Indonesia and the Philippines to Vanuatu and Australia.

Dove, Andaman Cuckoo-  Macropygia rufipennis Found: India
Image by: 1) Staurt Baker


Dove, Barred Cuckoo-  Macropygia unchall Found: Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia
The Barred Cuckoo-Dove has barred upperparts; unbarred pale head; long tail; pale buffy brown underparts. Female has lighter underparts with distinct barring.
Image by: 1) Henrik Gronvold 2) Geetanjalidhar  3) Arthur Grosset - Bhutan
1) Male: left; female: right


Dove, Black-billed Cuckoo-  also  Bar-tailed Cuckoo-Dove  Macropygia nigrirostris Found: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
Image by: 1) Lee Hunter


Dove, Dusky Cuckoo-  also  Bar-necked Cuckoo-Dove  Macropygia magna Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) James Eaton


Dove, Little Cuckoo-  Macropygia ruficeps   Found: Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia
The Little Cuckoo-Dove has unbarred upperparts; rufous crown.
Image by: 1) Rushenb - Thailand 2) Francesco Veronesi - Malaysia


Dove, Mackinlay's Cuckoo  Macropygia mackinlayi Found: Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
Image by: 1) Josep Del Hoyo


Dove, Slender-billed Cuckoo-  also  Brown Cuckoo-dove  Macropygia amboinensis  Found: Australasia
The Slender-billed Cuckoo-Dove has rusty-brown upperparts.
Image by: 1) David Cook - Wamboin, NSW, Australia  2) Mark Saharper



Genus Phapitreron

Dove, Amethyst Brown- Phapitreron amethystinus Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) https://www.flickr.com/photos/34328261@N02/3210673713/


Dove, White-eared Brown-   Phapitreron leucotis  Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Roberto Verzo



Genus Reinwardtoena
This genus is one of three genera known as cuckoo-doves (Macropygia Reinwardtoena Turacoena).

Dove, Crested Cuckoo-  Reinwardtoena crassirostris  Found: Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
Image by: 1) birdstamps.org


Dove, Great Cuckoo-  Reinwardtoena reinwardtii   Found: Indonesai, Papua New Guinea
Image by: 1) Courcelles  2) Nigel Voaden


Dove, Pied Cuckoo-  Reinwardtoena browni  Found: Papua New Guinea
Image by: 1) Pierre de Chabannes



Genus Turacoena
This genus is one of three genera known as cuckoo-doves (Macropygia Reinwardtoena Turacoena).

Dove, Black Cuckoo-  also   Slaty Cuckoo-Dove  Turacoena modesta  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) James Eaton


Dove, White-faced Cuckoo- Turacoena manadensis  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) AS Kono  2) Jerome Micheletta - Sulawesi





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