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DOVEs and PIGEONs

The Columbiformes order contains just one family, the Columbidae which is comprised of dove and pigeon species. They have small heads,short legs, and four unwebbed toes. All Columbiformes are monogamous. Unlike most other birds they are capable of drinking by sucking up water, without needing to tilt the head back.

Australasia

Order Columbiformes    Family Columbidae


Genus Alectroenas
The Blue-Pigeons occur widely the islands of the western Indian Ocean. Compared to other pigeons, they are medium to large sized. They appear to be closest related to the Fruit Doves.

Pigeon, Comoro Blue-  Alectroenas sganzini  Found: Comoros Island and other islands in the Indian Ocean
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Marcel


Pigeon, Madagascar Blue-  Alectroenas madagascariensis  Found: Madagascar
Image by: 1) Niel Strickland  2) foto lulu  3) Jon Irvine


Pigeon, Seychelles Blue-  Alectroenas pulcherrimus  Found: Seychelles Islands in the Indian Ocean
The Seychelles Blue-Pigeon has mainly dark blue plumage with silver-gray head, mantle, upper-breast; crimson patch of orbital skin extending from forehead to crown; dull yellow bill; dark gray legs.
Image by: 1) Adrian Scottow  2) Jon Irvine



Genus Drepanoptila - 1 species

Dove, Cloven-feathered  Drepanoptila holosericea  Found: New Caldonia (southwest Pacific)
Image by: 1) Parides



Genus Geopelia
Geopelia is a genus of small, long-tailed doves. They are native to Southeast Asia and Australasia and are most often found in open country and scrubland. They feed mainly on seeds which they find by foraging on the ground.

Dove, Barred  Geopelia maugei  Found: Indonesia
Similar to: Zebra Dove. Barred Dove has bare yellow skin around eye; Zebra does does not.
Image by: 1) Ken  2) Oleg Chernyshov


Dove, Bar-shouldered Geopelia humeralis   Found: Australia
The Bar-shouldered Dove has a gray-brown back, wings; bronze nape mantle; blue-gray head, face, throat, upper breast; cream belly.
Image by: 1, 4) Dick Daniels - Kuranda Birdworld, Australia   2) Aviceda - Kobble Creek, South-east Queensland, Australia  3)  Peripitus - Adelaide Zoo, South Australia   


Dove, Diamond Geopelia cuneata   Found: Australia
The Diamond Dove has a grayish-brown back, tail; blue-gray head, neck, breast; creamy belly; orange eyes; red eye-rings; dark gray bill. Female similar to male with more of a brown color.
Image by: 1) David Cook - Bowra Station, via Cunnamulla, Queensland  2) 028mdk09  3) Kurt Kulac
1) Female  2, 3) Male


Dove, Peaceful Geopelia placida   Found: Australia
The Peaceful dove has gray-brown wings; gray-brown striated neck; white belly; grayish-white eyes; blue-gray eye-rings.
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - Cairns, Australia  3) David Cook - Cairns, Australia


Dove, Zebra also Barred Ground Dove Geopelia striata   Found: southest Asia, Hawaii, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, New Guinea
The Zebra Dove has gray-brown upperparts; pinkish underparts; black bars on of neck, breast, belly; blue-gray face; bare blue skin around the eyes.
Similar to: Barred Dove. Barred Dove has bare yellow skin around eye; Zebra does does not.
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6) Dick Daniels - Hawaii   7) Pat and Keith Taylor - Volcano Village, Hawaii



Genus Geophaps
Geophaps pigeons are endemic to Australia

Pigeon, Partridge  Geophaps smithii  Found: Australia
Image by: 1) Bio Diversity Library


Pigeon, Spinifex  Geophaps plumifera   Found: Australia
The Spinifex Pigeon has rusty colored plumage; bright red patch around the eyes, an erect crest; black and gray facial patches.
Similar to: Crested Pigeon. The Crested Pigeon is gray; the Spinifex Pigeon is rusty colored. Both have crests.
Image by: 1) Factumquintus  2) Adrien Cretin 3) Al and Marie


Pigeon, Squatter  Geophaps scripta  Found: Australia
The Squatter Pigeon has brown upperparts, crown; black and white face; blue-gray breast; white belly.
Image by: 1, 2) David Cook - Cobbold Gorge, Forsayth, Far North Queensland  3) Tom Tarrant - South Queensland



Genus Goura
The genus Goura consists of three species of crowned pigeons. They are the largest members of the pigeon family. They are natives of New Guinea and a few surrounding islands.The three crowned pigeons are

Pigeon, Southern Crowned-
  Goura scheepmakeri  Found: New Guinea
The Southern Crowned-Pigeon has blue-gray plumage; light patch on wings and tail; lacy blue crest; deep maroon breast; red eyes. One subspecies has maroon shoulders and blue-gray belly; another has  blue-gray shoulders and maroon belly.
Similar to: Victoria Crowned- Pigeon. The Victoria Crowned-Pigeon crown is sparser than Southern Crowned-Pigeon's.
Similar to: Western Crowned-Pigeon, Southern Crowned-Pigeon has maroon on breast, Western-crowned Pigeon does not.
Image by: 1, 3) Luc Viatour in New Guinea  2) BS Thurner Hof  


Pigeon, Victoria Crowned-  Goura victoria  Found: New Guinea
The Victoria Crowned-Pigeon has blue-gray plumage; light patch on wings and tail; lacy blue crest; black mask; deep purple-maroon breast.
Similar to: Southern Crowned- Pigeon. The Victoria Crowned-Pigeon crown is sparser than Southern Crowned-Pigeon's.
Similar to: Western Crowned-Pigeon, Victoria Crowned-Pigeon has maroon on breast, Western-crowned Pigeon does not.

Image by:  1) Dick Daniels - North Carolina Zoo   2, 3) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo  4, 5) Sandy Cole - San Diego Zoo



Pigeon, Western Crowned-  Goura cristata  Found: Indonesia, New Guinea
The Western Crowned-Pigeon has blue-gray plumage; light patch on wings and tail; lacy blue crest; dark blue mask; gray breast.
Similar to: Southern Crowned-Pigeon, Victoria Crowned-Pigeon. Western-crowned Pigeon has no maroon on the breast; others have maroon on breast.
Image by:  1, 2) Dick Daniels - Washington National Zoo   3) Arthur Chapman Jugiong Bird Park, Singapore     4) Randy Fish - Safari West Wildlife Preserve, California



Genus Hemiphaga
These species are native to New Zealand

Pigeon, Chatham Island  Hemiphaga chathamensis  Found: Chatham Islands of New Zealand
Image by: 1) Alan Cressler


Pigeon, New Zealand  Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae  Found: Australia
The New Zealand Pigeon has shiny green-purple head, throat, upper breast, wings;  white lower breast, belly; red bill with orangish tip; red eyes; feet.
Image by: 1) Justin Bell   2) David Cook - Tiritiri Matangi Island, North Island, New Zealand  3) Southstar - Auckland



Genus Henicophaps

Bronzewing, New Guinea  Henicophaps albifrons  Found: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
Image by: 1) Joseph Wolf



Genus Leucosarcia - 1 species

Pigeon, Wonga  Leucosarcia melanoleuca   Found: Australia
The Wonga Pigeon has blue-gray upperparts; white front of head; white underparts with gray dots; dark red-brown eyes;  pink eye-rings; red legs.
Image by: 1) Benjamint444 - southeastern Australia   2) Toby Hudson - Taronga Zoo, Sydney, NSW, Australia.  3) Glen Fergus- O'Reillys Guest House, Qld, Australia  4) David Cook



Genus Ocyphaps - 1 species

Pigeon, Crested Ocyphaps lophotes   Found: Australia
The Crested Pigeon has gray plumage with tinges of green and brown; black striped wings with bronze visible; black spike on head; orange skin around eyes.
Similar to: Spinifex Pigeon. The Crested Pigeon is gray; the Spinifex Pigeon is rusty colored. Both have crests.
Image by: 1) JJ Harrison - Australian Capita lTerritory  2) Sandy Cole - Birds of Eden, South Africa   3) Dick Daniels - Australia   4) Dick - Miami Zoo



Genus Otidiphaps - 1 species

Pigeon, Pheasant  Otidiphaps nobilis  Found: New Guinea
The subspecies of Pheasant Pigeons are classified by the color of the nape and also the presence or absence of a creast. The following photograph is a Grey-naped Pheasant Pigeon Otidiphaps nobilis cervicalis.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo



Genus Petrophassa

Pigeon, Chestnut-quilled Rock-  Petrophassa rufipennis  Found: Australia
Image by: 1, 2) Dave Curtis


Pigeon, White-quilled Rock-  Petrophassa albipennis  Found: Australia
Image by: 1) Sunphio  2) Alwyn Simple



Genus Phaps
Bronzewing pigeons are endemic to Australia

Bronzewing, Brush  Phaps elegans  Found: Australia
Image by: 1) Benjamint444  2) Tom Dudley - South Australia


Bronzewing, Common Phaps chalcoptera   Found: Australia
The Common Bronzewing has patches of red, blue, and green on the wings; white line below the eye continuing towards nape. Male has pink-brown breast; yellowish-cream forehead. Female has gray breast, forehead.
Image by: 1, 2) JJ Harrison - Tasmania, Australia   3, 4) David Cook- Wamboin, NSW, Australia and Goorooyarroo Nature Reserve, Canberra, ACT


Bronzewing, Flock  Phaps histrionica  Found: dry areas of Australia
The male Flock Bronzewing has reddish sandy-brown upperparts; mainly black head; white forehead, patch on lower throat. Female has sandy-brown upperparts, crown, forehead; white patches on head, neck.
Image by: 1) Atlas of Living Australia  2) Ron Knight - South Australia
1) Female 20 Male




Genus Ptilinopus
The fruit doves are fruit eaters and are colorful. They are found in southeast Asia and the southwest Pacific.

Dove, Atoll Fruit-
Ptilinopus coralensis Found: French Polynesia
Image by: 1 ) lagunitas Ouzel


Dove, Banggai Fruit-
  Ptilinopus subgularis  Found: Banggai Islands of Sulawesi, Indonesia
Image by: 1) Nigel Voaden


Dove, Beautiful Fruit-  also Rose-fronted Pigeon  Ptilinopus pulchellus  Found: Australasia
The Beautiful Fruit-Dove has a red crown; blue-gray breast; purple patch between breast and belly; yellowish-orange belly; greenish-yellow bill; purple feet.
Image by: 1) Trisha Shears  2) Muffinman71


Dove, Black-backed Fruit-  Ptilinopus cinctus  Found: Indonesia
The Black-backed Fruit-Dove and Black-banded Fruit-Dove are sometimes considered to be the same species. Since their ranges do not overlap, they should not be confused in the wild.
Image by: 1) Joseph Wolf


Dove, Black-banded Fruit-   Ptilinopus alligator  Found: Australia
The Black-backed Fruit-Dove and Black-banded Fruit-Dove are sometimes considered to be the same species. Since their ranges do not overlap, they should not be confused in the wild.
Image by: 1) Jon Irvine


Dove, Black-chinned Fruit-  Ptilinopus leclancheri  Found: Philippines
The male Black-chinned Fruit-Dove has green wings, whitish-gray head and neck; black patch on throat; yellow bill; brown tail. Female has green head, neck, breast.
Image by: 1) cleanylee   2) Francesco Veronesia 
1) Female 2) Male


Dove, Black-naped Fruit-  Ptilinopus melanospilus  Found: Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines
The male Black-naped Fruit-Dove has green upperparts, lowerparts; pale gray head; black nape; yellow throat.  Female and juveniles have entirely green plumage.
Image by: 1) Magalhaes  2, 3) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo
1) Female  2, 3) Male


Dove, Blue-capped Fruit-  Ptilinopus monacha  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Paulo Alves


Dove, Carunulated Fruit-  Ptilinopus granulifrons  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Paulo Alvres


Dove, Claret-breasted Fruit-  Ptilinopus viridis  Found: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Tony Morris - Guadalcanal


Dove, Cook Island Fruit-  also  Lilac-crowned Fruit-Dove  Ptilinopus rarotongensis  Found: Cook Islands
Image by:1`) Linord


Dove, Coroneted Fruit-  also  Lilac-capped Fruit-Dove  Ptilinopus coronulatus  Found: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
Image by: 1) Elena Gallaird - Central Park Zoo  2) Claire H - Central Park Zoo


Dove, Cream-breasted Fruit-  Ptilinopus merrilli  Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) Roberto Verzo


Dove, Crimson-crowned Fruit-  Ptilinopus porphyraceus  Found: Fiji, Micronesica, Tonga and other islands
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2)Tony Morris


Dove, Golden Fruit-  Ptilinopus luteovirens  Found: Fiji
The male Golden Fruit-Dove has mainly golden-yellow plumage; head duller with greenish tinge; blue-green orbital skin, legs. Female has mainly dark green plumage; blue-green orbital skin, legs.
Image by: 1) Tom Tarrant  2) naturgurker.de
1, 2) Male


Dove, Gray-green Fruit- Ptilinopus purpuratus Found: French Polynesia
Image by: 1) Aaron Maizlish - Tahti  2) Jean-Paul Mutz - Tahiti


Dove, Gray-headed Fruit-  Ptilinopus hyogastrus   Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Paulo Alvres


Dove, Henderson Island Fruit-  Ptilinopus insularis  Found: Henderson Island in the South Pacific
Image by: 1 Brent Stephenson


Dove, Jambu Fruit-  Ptilinopus jambu  Found: Asia
The Jambu Fruit-Dove has bold white eye-ring; green upperparts; white underparts; crimson face (male); dull purple face (female); orange bill; red legs.
Image by: 1) Trish Shears - Louisville Zoo  2) Greg Hume - Cincinnati Zoo  3) Dick Daniels - Zoo Miami 


Dove, Knob-billed Fruit-  Ptilinopus insolitus  Found: Papua New Guinea
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Greg Miles


Dove, Many Colored Fruit- Ptilinopus perousii  Found: Fiji, the Samoan Islands, Tonga
The male Many Colored Fruit-Dove has whitish head with red crown; red bar across back; whitish belly. Female has red crown, under-tail coverts.
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4) Tom Tarrant
1) Female 2, 3, 4) Male


Dove, Mariana Fruit-  Ptilinopus roseicapilla  Found: Mariana Islands, Guam
The Mariana Fruit-Dove has a grayish back, breast, head; red forehead; yellow belly patch.
Similar to: Rose-crowned Fruit-Dove.
Similar to: Rose-crowned Fruit-Dove. Ranges do not overlap.
Image by: 1) Trisha Shears - Louisville Zoo  2, 3, 4) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo  


Dove, Orange-bellied Fruit-  Ptilinopus iozonus Found: New Guinea and other islands
The Orange-bellied Fruit-Dove has mainly green plumage; large orange patch on lower-breast, belly; small lilac shoulder patch; pale yellow under-tail coverts.
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Magalhaus


Dove, Orange-fronted Fruit-  Ptilinopus aurantiifrons Found: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
Image by: 1) Joseph Wolf  2) David Arvidsson 


Dove, Orange Fruit-   Ptilinopus victor  Found: Fiji
The male Orange Fruit-Dove has mainly orange plumage; golden olive head. Female has mainly dark green plumage; blackish tail; orange-yellow under-tail coverts.
Image by: 1) Tom Tarrant


Dove, Ornate Fruit-  Ptilinopus ornatus  Found: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
Image by: 1) Trisha Shears  2) writhedhornbill


Dove, Palau Fruit-  Ptilinopus pelewensis   Found: Palau of Caroline Islands in western Pacific Ocean
Image by: 1) Devon Pike


Dove, Pink-headed Fruit-  Ptilinopus porphyreus Found: Indoesias
The Pink-headed Fruit-Dove has green upperparts; pink head, neck; purple throat, upper breast; white breast band outlined in greenish-black; gray belly; orange eye; greenish bill.
Image by: 1) Trisha Shears  2) writhedhornbill


Dove, Pink-spotted Fruit-  Ptilinopus perlatus  Found: New Guinea
The Pink-spotted Fruit-Dove has green upperparts; breast browner and duller; gray-white throat, nape; spotted pink wings; face and crown usually olive-green but pale gray in P. p. plumbeicollis. Sexes are essentially identical.
Image by: 1) Doug Janson  2) Jerry Oldenettel


Dove, Red-bellied Fruit-  Ptilinopus greyii  Found: southwest Pacific Ocean
Image by: 1) Papier K   2) Olivier H


Dove, Red-eared Fruit-  Ptilinopus fischeri  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi  2) Kristian Svensson


Dove, Red-naped Fruit-  Ptilinopus dohertyi  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans


Dove, Rose-crowned Fruit-  Ptilinopus regina  Found: Australasia
The Rose-crowned Fruit-Dove has a rose crown; green upperparts; gray head, breast; orange belly; whitish throat; yellow-orange iris; greenish-gray bill, feet.
Similar to: Mariana Fruit-Dove. Ranges do not overlap.
Image by: 1, 4) David Cook - Beerwah, Queensland, Australia  and Steve Irwin's Australia Zoo   2) Aviceda   3) Cyron Ray Macey


Dove, Scarlet-breasted Fruit- Ptilinopus bernsteinii  Found: Maluku Islands of Indonesia
Image by: 1) Paulo Alves 2) John Mittereier


Dove, Silver-capped Fruit-  Ptilinopus richardsii  Found: Solomon Islands
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Tony Morris


Dove, Superb Fruit-  Ptilinopus superbus  Found: Australasia, Indonesia, Philippines
The male Superb Fruit-Dove has fiery orange nape; green ears; purple crown; gray breast; black breast band;white belly; olive green wings covered with spots. Female mostly green plumage; light blue breast; white belly; blue spot on back of head.
Image by: 1) Tobias Spaltenberger 2) kahunapulej  3) Neil T  4) Tom Jutte


Dove, Wallace's Fruit-  Ptilinopus wallacii  Found: Indonesia
The Wallace's Fruit-Dove has green upperparts; scarlet crown, forehead; whitish throat; yellow bill; pale blue-gray breast; orange belly; white arc between breast and belly; purplish feet.
Image by: 1) Joseph Wolf


Dove, Whistling Fruit-  also  Velvet Fruit-Dove  Ptilinopus layardi  Found: Fiji
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) weedmandan


Dove, White-bibbed Fruit- also White-breasted Fruit-Dove  Ptilinopus rivoli   Found: Indonesia, New Guinea
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Jerry Oldenettel  3) John Gerrard Keulemans 
3) P. R. Miqueli


Dove, White-capped Fruit-  Ptilinopus dupetithouarsii  Found: French Polynesia
Image by: 1) Jean-Paul Mutz


Dove, White-headed Fruit-  Ptilinopus eugeniae  Found: Solomon Islands
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Tammy Davies


Dove, Wompoo Fruit-  also  Wompoo Pigeon  Ptilinopus magnificus   Found: Australasia
The Wompo Fruit-Dove has green upperparts; gold wing bar; blue-gray head, neck; purple breast; yellow belly; red eyes.
Image by: 1) Trisha Shears  2) Sandy Cole - North Carolina Zoo


Dove, Yellow-bibbed Fruit-  Ptilinopus solomonensis  Found: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit


Dove, Yellow-breasted Fruit-  Ptilinopus occipitalis  Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) Jojo Nicdao  2) Hospoda





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