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TURDIDAE

Order Passeriformes    Family Turdidae

Thrushes are plump, soft-plumaged, small to medium-sized birds, inhabiting wooded areas, and often feed on the ground or eat small fruit. Most species are gray or brown in color, often with speckled underparts. Even if the adults do not have these speckles, the juveniles often will. They are insectivorous, but most species also eat worms, snails, and fruit. Thrushes build cup-shaped nests, sometimes lining them with mud. They lay two to five speckled eggs, sometimes laying two or more clutches per year. Both parents help in raising the young. The songs of some species are considered to be among the most beautiful in the avian world.

The hummingbirds are presented on the following web pages:
1) Geokichla and Zoothera    2) Bluebirds                     3) Solitaires
4) Nigthingale-Thrushes        5) True thrushes (Turdus)  6) Miscellaneous


The True Thrushes


Many of the "true thrushes" have songs that are very pleasing to humans. A good example is the common blackbird that is occurs naturally in Europe, Asia, Africa and has been intrioduced into Australia and New Zealand. Another popular true thrush is the American Robin, which is unrelated to the European Robin which is not even a thrush. The true thrushes are medium sized brids.


Genus Turdus

Blackbird also Common Blackbird  Turdus merula   Found: Europe, Asia, Africa. Introduced: Australiasia
The male Common Blackbird has black plumage; yellow eye-ring, bill. Female has dark brown plumage; some mottling on breast; faint yellow eye-ring; yellow bill. Blackbirds are related to song thrushes (Turdus philomelos) and also have a wonderful song.
Similar to: Indian Blackbird. Indian Blackbird has longer and broader eye-rings than Common Blackbird.
Similar to: Tibetan Blackbird. Common Blackbird has yellow eye-ring; Tibetan Blackbird does not.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - New Zealand   2, 4, 5) DIck - England  3) Dick - Meolbourne, Australia
1) Juvenile  2) Female  3, 4) Male   4) Demonstrates partial albinism which is not uncommon.



Blackbird,_Chinese  Turdus mandarinus  Found: China
The Chinese Blackbird was formerly considered a subspecies of the Common Blackbird.
Image by: 1) Jonathan_Martinez  2) Myron_Tay
1) Female 2) Male


Blackbird, Indian  Turdus simillimus  Found: India, Sri Lanka
The Indian Blackbird has black plumage; yellow eye-ring, bill. Also considered to be subspecies of Common Blackbird.
Similar to: Common Blackbird. Indian Blackbird has longer and broader eye-rings than Common Blackbird.
Image by: 1) Alistair Rae  2) Ananda Debnath


Blackbird, Tibetan  Turdus maximus  Found: Himalayas northern Pakistan to southeastern Tibet.
The male Tibetan Blackbird has black plumage; yellow bill. Female has dark brown plumage; yellow bill.
Similar to: Common Blackbird. Common Blackbird has yellow eye-ring; Tibetan Blackbird does not.
Image by: 1, 2) Chong Qing Ka - Lasa Tibet 
1) Female  2) Male


Blackbird, White-collared Turdus albocinctus  Found: Asia
The White-collared Blackbird has mainly black plumage; white neck.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - Nepal   4) J M Garg


Fieldfare  Turdus pilaris Found: North America (rare), Europem, Asia, north Africa
The Fieldfare has plain brown upperparts; darker wings, tail; heavily spotted breast, flanks; reddish wash to breast; rest of underparts are white.
Image by: 1) Sergy Yeliseev   2) Edwin Anderton - England   3) Cristiano Crolle - Val d'Aosta, Italy  4) Martin Olsson - Sweden  5) Charlie Westerinen - Cochem, Germany


Ouzel, Ring  Turdus torquatus  Found: Europe
The Ring Ouzel has mainly black plumage; white feather edging visible on underparts. Male has white cresent on breast. Female similar and duller. Juvenile brown and may lack white crescent. It is the mountain equivalent of the closedly related Common Blackbird.
Image by: 1) Photo Nature   2) Stefan Berndisson  3) Frank Vassen   4) Andreas Trepte  5) Steve Garvie - Glenturret, Scotland  5) Mark Putney



Redwing  Turdus iliacus  Found: Europe, Asia
The Redwing has brown upperparts; white underparts with brown spots; red flanks, underwings; whitish supercilium.
Image by: 1) Bruce McAdam - Iceland  2) Andreas Trepte  3) MPF - Northumberland, UK


Thrush, Abyssinian Turdus abyssinicus  Found: eastern Africa
The Abyssinian Thrush was once consider a subspecies of the Olive Thrush. They can be differentiated by location as their ranges do not overlap.
Simiar to: African Thrush. Abyssinian Thrush has orange bill; African Thrush has yellow bill. Abyssinian Thrush has brighter underparts.
Similar to: Kurrichane Thrush. Kurrichane Thrush has dark malar stripe; Abyssinian Thrush does not.
Image by: 1, 4) Brian Butcher - Ethiopia  2) Christiaan Kooyman - Nanyuki, Kenya  3) Copepodo - Ethiopia


Thrush, African  Turdus pelios  Found: wooded areas of Africa
Simiar to: Abyssinian Thrush. Abyssinian Thrush has orange bill; African Thrush has yellow bill. Abyssinian Thrush has brighter underparts.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Tom Tarrant


Thrush, African Bare-eyed  Turdus tephronotus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya 2, 3) Carol Foil - Archers Post, Rift Valley, Kenya


Thrush, Black-breasted Turdus dissimilis  Found: Asia
The male Black-breasted Thrush has gray upperparts; black head, nape, breast; orange belly; white vent; yellowish-orange bill, eye-ring. Female has gray-brown upperparts; underparts similar to male except throat is buff.
Image by:  1,  2, 3) JJ Harrison - Chiang Mai, Thailand 
1) Female 2, 3) Male


Thrush, Black-throated  Turdus atrogularis  Found: Europe, Asia
The male Black-throated Thrush has gray upperparts; black throat, upper-breast; whitish lower-breast; belly. Female and immatures similar except black replaced with dusky streaking.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Sergey Pisarevskiy - South Siberia, Russia


Thrush, Brown-headed  Turdus chrysolaus  Found: Asia
The Brown-headed Thrush has brown upperparts, head; chesnut-orange breast, flanks; white belly. Female has whitish throat with dark streaks.
Image by: 1) Hiyashi Haka  2) ISalso_yoji  3) K C Hung
1) Female  2, 3) Male


Thrush,_Chestnut  also Gray-headed Thrush  Turdus rubrocanus  Found: China, India, southeast Asia
The male Chestnut Thrush has mainly chestnut plumage; black wings, tail; gray or black head.
Image by: 1) Singha_Chatavasu  2, 3) Dibyendu_Ash - India
1) Female 2, 3) Male
1, 3) C. r. gouldi. 2) C. r .rubrocanus  


Thrush, Chinese  Turdus mupinensis    Found: China, Vietnam
The Chinese Thrush, Mistle Thrush and Song Thursh are closely related.
Image by: 1, 2) 57Andrew - Hong Kong


Thrush,_Comoros  Turdus bewsheri  Found: near Madagascar
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Paul_van_Giersbergen


Thrush, Dusky  Turdus eunomus  Found: Europe (Ukraine), Asia
The Dusky Thrush has brown upperparts; rufous wings; black face; broad white supercilium; white throat; white belly with black spots; black bill with yellow base.
Image by: Jerry Gunner - southern Japan  2) Lip Kee - Japan  3) Alpsdake - Japan  4) Hiyashi Haka


Thrush, Eyebrowed  Turdus obscurus  Found: Asia
The Eyebrowed Thrush has gray upperparts; white supercilium; orange breast, flanks; white belly.
Image by: 1) Robert tdc  2) Hiyashi Haka  3) Rpbert tdc


Thrush, Gray-backed  Turdus hortulorum  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Alnus  2, 3, 4) Hiyashi Haka


Thrush, Gray-sided  Turdus feae  Found: Asia
The Gray-sided Thrush has brown upperparts; gray underparts, flanks; off-white streaks above and below eye; black upper bill; yellowish lower bill.
Image by: 1) Jason Thompson  2) Michael Gillam


Thrush, Gray-winged  Turdus boulboul  Found: northern Indian subcontinent, southeast Asia
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi - Bhutan  2) Apisit Wilaijit - Thailand


Thrush, Island  Turdus poliocephalus  Found: mnay Asian islands including Fiji, New Guinea, Indonesia, Philippines.
The Island Thrush has many subspecies and their appearance varies greatly, but all have yellow bill, eye-ring, legs.
Image by: 1, 3) Hiyashi Haka     2) Ainus - Taiwan  4) Mark Sharper - Papua New Guinea
1, 2) Female  3, 4) Male


Thrush, Izu  Turdus celaenops  Found: some islands of Japan
The Izu Thrush has black head, tail; chestnut brown wings; red-rust underparts; yellow eye-ring, bill.
Image by: 1) Herman Mays  2) Nigel Voaden


Thrush, Japanese  Turdus cardis  Found: Asia
The Japanese Thrush has mainly black plumage; white belly with black spots.
Image by: 1, 2) Hiyashi Haka  3, 4) Alnus at Yehliu, Taipei County, Taiwan  5) M. Nishimura



Thrush, Karoo also Sombre Thrush Turdus smithi  Found: Africa
The Karoo Thrush has gray plumage; darker wings; lighter underparts; yellow bill, legs.
Similar to: Olive Thrush. Karoo Thrush has entirely yellow bill. Olive Thrush has striped neck (but the Karoo Thrush may have vestigual striping),
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - Johannesburg, South Africa   3) Derek Keats  4)  Jerry Oldenettel - Zambia


Thrush, Kurrichane  Turdus libonyanus  Found: Africa
Similar to: Abyssinian Thrush. Kurrichane Thrush has dark malar stripe; Abyssinian Thrush does not.
Image by:  1) Dick Daniels near Cape Town, South Africa  2) Dick - Kruger National Park, South Africa   3) Davieo  4) Derekkeats - Johannesburg   4) Monkey Boy - Walter Sisulu Botanical Gardens, Johannesburg
1) Juvenile



Thrush, Mistle  Turdus viscivorus   Found: Europe, Asia
The Mistle Thrush has gray-brown upperparts; grayish-white chin, throat; pale eye-ring; black spots on its yellowish-off white underparts. The Chinese Thrush, Mistle Thrush and Song Thursh are closely related.
Image by:  1) Crusier - Karpacz, Poland  2) Dean Morley   3, 4) Sergey Pisarevskiy - south Siberia, Russia 


Thrush, Mountain  Turdus plebejus  Found: Central America
The Mountain Thrush has dull olive-brown plumage; lighter underparts; faint white streaks on throat; black bill; dark brown legs.
Image by: 1, 2) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica  3) Laura Gooch - Costa Rica


Thrush, Naumann's  Turdus naumanni  naumanniFound: Asia
The Naumann's Thrush has light brown upperparts; reddish face, breast, rump, flank spots; white supercilium, belly, undertail. It is closely related to the Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus), and sometimes consider to be a subspecies.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Hiyashi Haka


Thrush, Olive  Turdus olivaceus  Found: Africa
The Olive Thrush has pale brown upperparts, upper-breast; orange hued rest of underparts; throat speckled with white spots. The Usambara Thrush is also considered a subspecies of the Olive Thrush.
Similar to: Karoo Thrush. Karoo Thrush has entirely yellow bill. Olive Thrush has striped neck (but the Karoo Thrush may have vestigual striping),
Similar to: Abyssinian Thrush. Ranges do not overlap.
Image by:  1) Paul Barnard - Zambia  2) Dick - Plettenberg Bay, South Africa   3) Dave Curtis - Kenya  4) Cristiano Crolle - Kirstenbosch Garden, South Africa


Thrush, Pale  Turdus palliduss  Found: Asia
The Pale Thrush has brown upperparts; blue-gray head, throat; pale brown underparts; darker on flanks; whitish belly, under-tail coverts.
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi  - Dasyueshan - Taiwan  2, 3) Hiyashi Haka


Thrush, Principe  Turdus xanthorhynchus  Found: Príncipe (island of west coast of Africa)
Similar to: Sao Tome Thrush. Sao Tome and Principe are islands that are close together. The Principe Thrush and Sao Tome Thrush diverged slightly from each other due to physical separation.
Image by: 1) Josef Uyeda


Thrush,_Red-throated  Turdus ruficollis  Found: Asia
The Red-throated Thrush has plain gray upperparts; reddish under-wings. Male has red bib. Female has less red on throat; some streaking on the underparts.
Image by: 1) Amarjyoti_Saikia - India   2, 3) characters  4) Aaron_Maizlish - Beijing
1) Female 4) Male


Thrush, Sao Tome  Turdus olivaceofuscus  Found: São Tomé and Príncipe (island of west coast of Africa)
Similar to: Principe Thrush. Sao Tome and Principe are islands that are close together. The Principe Thrush and Sao Tome Thrush diverged slightly from each other due to physical separation.
Image by: Muchaxo


Thrush, Somali  Turdus ludoviciae  Found: Somalia
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans


Thrush, Song Turdus philomelos   Found: Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia (introduced)
The Song Thrush has brown upperparts; cream or buff underparts with black spots. The Chinese Thrush, Mistle Thrush and Song Thursh are closely related.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) DIck Daniels - Scotland  4) Cristiano Crolle - Castellazzo di Bollate, Italy 5) Dick - Bronx Zoo



Thrush, Taita  Turdus helleri  Found: Kenya
The Taita Thrush has dark gray-brown upperparts, breast; orange flanks; white middle of underparts.
Image by: 1) Chris and Angela Pye


Thrush, Tickell's also Indian Gray Thrush  Turdus unicolor  Found: Asia
The male Tickell's Thrush has blue-gray upperparts; pale gray underparts; yellow eye-ring, bill, legs. Females and juveniles have browner upperparts.
Image by: 1, 2) Antony Grossy


Thrush,_Tristan  Turdus eremita also Nesocichla eremita  Found: Tristan da Cunha archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean
The Tristan Thrush has warm dark brown upperparts; rufosu face; rufous-brown underparts.
Image by: 1) Brian_Gratwicke


Thrush,_Usambara  Turdus roehli  Found: Tanzania
The Usambara Thrush is also considered a subspecies of the Olive Thrush.
Image by: 1) Per_Holmen


Thrush, White-backed  also  Kessler's Thrush  Turdus kessleri  Found: Asia
The White-backed Thrush has white back, belly; remainder black.
Image by: 1) Unknown  2) Anders Larzen


Thrush, Yemen  Turdus menachensis  Found:Saudi Arabia
Image by: 1) Eliza Hawkins






Turdus members found in the New World



Robin, American  Turdus migratorius Found: North America
Image by:   1) Dick Daniels - Wyoming  2) Dick -Maine   3, 8) Dick - North Carolina   4) Dick -Washington DC    5, 6, 7) Dick - New York   9) Dick -Virginia  10) Dick - Olypia, Washington
  1, 2) Juvenile


Thrush, Andean Slaty  also  Slaty Thrush  Turdus nigriceps  Found: South America
Image by: 1) Birding Rally Challenge  2) Joseph Smit    3) Joaquin Ugate
1) Female  2, 3) Male


Thrush,_Austral  Turdus falcklandii  Found: southern South America
The Austral Thrush has dark brown upperparts; darker head;  pale underparts; whitish throat with dark stripes; yellow bill, feet.
Image by: 1, 5) Nick Athanas - Argentina, Chile  2) Arthur Chapman  3) Gvasquez  4) dFaulder - Puerto Aisen, Chile


Thrush, Bare-eyed  also  Spectacled Thrush  Turdus nudigenis  Found: South America
The Bare-eyed Thrush has olive-brown upperparts; paler brown underparts; brown-streaked off-white throat; bold yellow eye-ring.
Similar to: Ecuadorian Thrush. Bare-eye Thrush has a much bolder yellow eye-ring than Ecuadorian Thrus.
Image by:   1) MeegsC - Arnos Vale Hotel, Tobago  2) New Jersy Birds  3) Erik Houli - Venezuela


Thrush, Black   Turdus infuscatus  Found: Mexico, Central America
The male Black Thrush has black plumage; yellow bill, legs; faint eye-ring. Female has brown plumage, lighter on the underparts; dark bill.
Image by: 1, 2) Amy McAndrews - Mexico


Thrush, Black-billed  Turdus ignobilis  Found: northern South America
Image by: 1) Julian Londono - Columbia  2) Barloventomagico - Venezuela


Thrush, Black-hooded  Turdus olivater  Found: northern South America
The Black-hoooded Thrush has black hood (head, nape, throat); dark wings; rest of plumage gray; yellow eye-ring, bill.
Image by: 1) Galo Jurado  2) Alonsio Gil 3) Scott Olmstead


Thrush, Chestnut-bellied  Turdus fulviventris  Found: northern South America
Inage by: 1) John Jennens 2) Don Faulkner - Ecuador  3) Juan Ramirez Rpo - Columbia


Thrush, Chiguanco  Turdus chiguanco  Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - Sacred Valley, Peru   3) Dominic Sherony - Peru  4) Dick - Quito, Ecuador


Thrush, Clay-colored also Clay-colored Robin  Turdus grayi  Found: south Texas to Columbia
The Clay-colored Thrush has has brown plumage (lighter underparts); faintly streaked throat.
Image by:  1, 4, 5, 6) Dick Daniels - Panama  2) Castor - Costa Rica  3) Dominic Sherony  7) Greg Kanies - Coronado, Panama
1) Perhaps juvenile because of darker bill



Thrush, Cocoa  Turdus fumigatus  Found: northern South America, Trinidad, Lesser Antilles
The Cocoa Thrush has dark rufous brown upperpart; lighter rufous brown underparts.
Image by: 1) Mike and Chris  2) Dominic Sherony   3) Quinten Questel - Trinidad   4) Barloventomagico - Venezuela


Thrush, Creamy-bellied  Turdus amaurochalinus  Found: South America
The Creamy-bellied Thrush has grayish-brown upperparts; lighter underparts; blackish lores.
Similar to: Pale-breasted Thrush. Creamy-bellied Thrush has blackish lores; Pale-breasted Thrush does not. Pale-breasted Thrush's head is different colored than wings; Creamy-breasted has same color.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dario Sanches - Sao Paulo, Brazil  4) Cláudio Timm - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil


Thrush, Eastern Slaty  Turdus subalaris  Found: eastern South America
Image by: Charlie Westerinen - Buenos Argentina


Thrush, Ecuadorian  Turdus maculirostris  Found: South America
The Ecuadorian Thrush has olive-brown upperparts; paler brown underparts; brown-streaked off-white throat; yellow eye-ring.
Similar to: Bare-eyed Thrush. Bare-eye Thrush has a much bolder yellow eye-ring than Ecuadorian Thrus.
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi - south Ecuador  2) Budgora  3) Jerry Oldenettel


Thrush,_Forest  Turdus lherminieri  Found: Lesser Antiles and nearby islands in Caribbean.
The Forest Thrush has brown upperparts; pale underparts with a scaly appearance; bare orange orbital skin.
Image by: 1) Stéphane_Morin


Thrush, Glossy-black  Turdus serranus  Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - Quito, Ecuador  3) Geoff Gallice - Peru


Thrush, Great  Turdus fuscater  Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - Quito, Ecuador  3) Tom Friedel - Venezuela  4) Cayambe - Ecuador 
1) Female  2, 3, 4) Male


Thrush, Hauxwell's  Turdus hauxwelli  Found: northern South America
The Hauxwell's Thrush has rufous-brown upperparts; fawn underparts; brown-streaked white throat; white lower belly.
Image by: 1, 2) Sergey Pisarevskiy


Thrush, La Selle  Turdus swalesi  Found: Hispaniola (Dominican Republice and Haiti)
Image by: 1) Kent McFarland  2) Ron Knight


Thrush, Lawrence's  Turdus lawrencii  Found: northern South America
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Daniel Lane - Ecuador


Thrush, Maranon  Turdus maranonicus  Found: Ecuador, Peru
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Amy McAndrews - Peru  3) David Cook - Peru


Thrush, Pale-breasted  Turdus leucomelas Found: South America
The Pale-breasted Thrush has brown upperparts; gray head; pale underparts.
Similar to: Creamy-bellied Thrush. Creamy-bellied Thrush has blackish lores; Pale-breasted Thrush does not. Pale-breasted Thrush's head is different colored than wings; Creamy-breasted has same color.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dario Sanches - Sao Paulo, Brazil


Thrush, Pale-eyed  Turdus leucops  Found: northern South America
Image by: 1) Juan Ordonez - Columbia  2) Juan Arango - Columbia
1) Female  2) Male


Thrush,_Pale-vented  Turdus obsoletus  Found: Costa Rica, Panama, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The Pale-vented Thrush has dull rufous-brown upperparts; pale underparts; white vent; dark streaked whitish chin and throat.
Image by: 1) foto_lulu - Copsta Rica


Thrush, Plumbeous-backed  Turdus reevei  Found: Ecuador, Peru
The Plumbeous-backed Thrush has blue-gray upperparts; off-white underparts; white throat with black streaks; yellow bill, legs; white eyes.
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi - Ecuador


Thrush, Red-legged    Turdus plumbeus  Found: The Caribbean
Image by:  1) New Jersy Birds  2) Dick Daniels - Puerto Rico


Thrush Rufous-backed also Rufous-backed Robin  Turdus rufopalliatus  Found: southwest North America, Mexico
The Rufous-backed Thrush has rufous colored back, breast, flanks; grayish head, nape rump; white belly, under-tail coverts; white throat with black  streaks; yellow bill, eye-ring.
Image by: 1, 3) Dominic Sherony  2) Pablo Leautaud
3) Turdus rufopalliatus graysoni


Thrush, Rufous-bellied  Turdus rufiventris  Found: South America
The Rufous-bellied Thrush has olive-brown upperparts; buff-brown breast; orange underparts; orange-yellow eye-ring.
Image by:  1, 2, 3) Cláudio Timm  4) Dario Sanches - Brazil  2, 3, 6)  Cláudio Timm - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil    5) Eurico Zimbres  6) Trabajo Propio  7) Cristiano Crolle - Esteros del Iberà, Argentina
1) Juvenile


Thrush, Rufous-collared  also  Rufous-collared Robin  Turdus rufitorques  Found: Mexico, Central America
Image by: 1, 2) Dominic Sherony - Guatemala  3) Michale Retter


Thrush, Sooty  Turdus nigrescens  Found: Costa Rica, Panama
The male Sooty Thrush mainly blackish-brown plumage; black wings, tail, lores; orange bill, eye-ring, legs; pale gray eyes. Female similar but browner and paler.
Image by:   1, 2) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica  3) Dominic Sherony - Coast Rica


Thrush,_Unicolored  Turdus haplochrous  Found: Bolivia
The Unicolored Thrush has brown upperpatt; paler underparts.
Image by: 1) hbw.com


Thrush,_xx  xx  Found:
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Image by: 1)

Thrush,_Varzea  Turdus sanchezorum  Found: Brazil, Columbia, Peru
The Varzea Thrush has mainly brown plumage; gray-brown tail; few blackish streaks on throat. Formerly consider conspecific with Hauxwell's Thrush.
Image by: 1) Thiago_Laranjeiras


Thrush, White-chinned   Turdus aurantius  Found: Jamaica, Cayman Islands
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - Jamaica


Thrush, White-eyed  Turdus jamaicensis  Found: Jamaica, Cayman Islands
Image by: Dick Daniels - Jamaica


Thrush, White-necked  Turdus albicollis  Found: South America
The White-necked Thrush has dark brown upperparts; dark throat; white area below throat (hence the name); grayish underparts with varible flanks depending on subspecies (rufous to whitish); reddish or yellow eye-ring.
Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches - Sao Paulo, Brazil  3, 4) Cláudio Timm - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil  5) Dominic Sherony



Thrush, White-throated  Turdus assimilis  Found: Central America, North America
The White-throated Thrush has black upperparts, head, upper-throat; white lower-throat; gray belly; yellow eye-ring.
Image by: 1) Noel Reynolds - Costa Rica  2) Jerry Oldenettel - Mexico


Thrush, Yellow-legged   Turdus flavipes  also  Platycichla flavipes  Found: South America
The male Yellow-legged Thrush has black upperparts; black throat, breast; slate-gray belly; yellow bill, legs. Female has dull warm brown upperparts; paler brown and mottled underparts; dark bill.
Image by: 1, 2, 3 Dario Sanches - Brazil
1, 2) Female 3) Male





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