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MUSCICAPIDAE

Muscicapidae is a large family of small birds restricted to the Old World. These are mainly small arboreal insectivores, many of which, take their prey on the wing. The appearance of these birds is very varied, but they mostly have weak songs and harsh calls. They vary 10 to 21 cm. Many species are a dull brown in color. Most have broad, flattened, bill, suited to catching insects in flight, although the few ground foraging species typically have finer bills. They live in almost every environment with a suitable supply of trees, from dense forest to open scrub. The more northerly species migrate south in winter, ensuring a continuous diet of insects.


ROBINs

Order Passeriformes    Family Muscicapidae


Genus Brachypteryx
Found in: southeast Asia

Shortwing, Blue also White-browed Shortwing  Brachypteryx montana   Found: Asia
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Hiyashi Haka  4) Afi Chen


Shortwing, Gould's  Brachypteryx stellata Found: Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Vietnam
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Frieda6688


Shortwing, Rusty-bellied  Brachypteryx hyperythra Found: China, India, Myanmar.
Image by: 1) Subhadeep Ghosh


Shortwing, Lesser  Brachypteryx leucophrys Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia
Image by: Nicholas LeJeune 2) Dave Curtis



Genus Cercotrichas  some were previous in Erythropygia
Scrub robins are mainly African species of open woodland or scrub, which nest in bushes or on the ground, but the rufous-tailed scrub robin also breeds in southern Europe and east to Pakistan. They are not closely related to the Australian scrub-robins,

Robin, African Scrub-  Cercotrichas minor   Found: central Africa
Image by: 1) Nigel Voaden


Robin, Bearded Scrub-  Cercotrichas quadrivirgata  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Francesco Veronesi  3) Ian White - Botswana


Robin, Black Scrub-  Cercotrichas podobe   Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Ron Knight  2) ChriKo - Niger


Robin, Brown Scrub-  Cercotrichas signata   Found: Mozambique, South Africa, and Swaziland
Image by: 1) Alan Manson 2) Rich Lindie
1) Juvenile


Robin, Brown-backed Scrub-  Cercotrichas hartlaubi   Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi - Uganda


Robin, Forest Scrub-  Cercotrichas leucosticta   Found: Afrcia
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit


Robin, Kalahari Scrub-  Cercotrichas paena   Found: Angola, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Zimbabwe
Image by: 1) Charles Sharp - South Africa  2, 3) Derek Keats - South Africa  4) Alastair Rae
1) Juvenile


Robin, Karoo Scrub-  Cercotrichas coryphaeus  Found: Africa
The Karoo Scrub-Robin has dark grayish-brown upperparts; narrow black eye-stripe; white supercilium, partial eye-ring; buff underparts; black bill, legs.
Image by: 1) Cristiano Crolle - Paternoster, South Africa  2) Alan Manson - South Africa  3) Arthur Chapman - South Africa


Robin, Miombo Scrub-  Cercotrichas barbata   Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Nigel Voaden - DR Congo


Robin, Rufous-tailed Scrub-  Cercotrichas galactotes   Found: Africa, Asia
The Rufous-tailed Scrub-Robin has brown upperparts; whitish underparts, supercilium; dark eye-line; long rufous tail.
Image by: 1) Gary Clark - Morocco  2) Zeynel_Cebeci - Turkey  3) Durzan_Cirano


Robin, White-browed Scrub-  also Red-backed Scrub-robin   Cercotrichas leucophrys   Found: Africa
Image by:  1) Dick Daniels - South Africa  2) Charlie Westerinen - the Chobe Park in Botswana



Genus Cinclidium - 1 species

Robin, Blue-fronted  Cinclidium frontale Found: Bhutan, China, India, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi - Buhtan  2) Graham Ekins



Genus Copsychus
Found in: Africa, Asia

Robin, Madagascar Magpie-  Copsychus albospecularis  Found: Madagascar
Image by: 1, 2, 4, 5, 6) Dick Daniels - Madagascar  3) Frank Vassen - Madagascar 
1, 2, 3) Female  4, 5, 6) Male



Robin, Oriental Magpie-  Copsychus saularis  Found: Asia
The male Oriental Magpie-Robin has black upperparts, head, throat, breast; white shoulder patch, belly. Female is grayish-black instead of black.
Image by: 1, 5) JJ Harrison - Chiang Mai, Thailand  2, 6) Dick Daniels - Nepal  3) Charlie Westerinen - Bangkok,Thailand   4) Hiyashi Haka  7) Dick - Miami Zoo
1) Female  4 - 7) Male



Robin, Philippines Magpie-  Copsychus mindanensis Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) Bio Diversity Library  2) Alabang
1) Top - male; Bottom - Female 2) male


Robin, Seychelles Magpie-  Copsychus sechellarum  Found: Seychelles islands
The Seychelles Magpie-Robin has mainly black plumage with white wings.
Image by: 1, 2) Adian Scottow


Shama, Andaman   Copsychus albiventris  Found: Andaman Islands of Indian Ocean
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Dave Irving


Shama, Black  Copsychus cebuensis  Found: Cebu island in the Philippines
Image by: 1, 2) Grampa50


Shama, Rufous-tailed  Copsychus pyrropygus  Found: Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia
Image by: 1) Unknown  2, 3) Marcel Holyoak


Shama, Visayan  Copsychus albiventris  Found: Philippines
The Visayan Shama is also considered a subspecies of the White-browed Shama.
Image by: 1) Blake Matheson


Shama, White-browed  Copsychus luzoniensis  Found: Philippines
The Visayan Shama is also considered a subspecies of the White-browed Shama.
Image by: 1) Heinrich von Kittlitz  2) Marcel Holyoak


Shama, White-rumped   also  White-rumped Shama Thrush  Copsychus malabaricus  Found: Asia (south), Hawaii (introduced)
The male White-rumped Sharma has black glossy back; chestnut belly. The female is more grayish-brown. Both sexes have black bill, pink feet.
Image by: 1, 2, 4) DIck Daniels - Kauai, Hawaii  5) Dick - San Diego Zoo   6) Sandy Cole - Kauai, Hawaii   3) JJ Harrison - Thailand
1, 2, 3) Female  4, 5, 6) Male



Shama, White-vented  Copsychus niger  Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) Rackk67  2) Eric Gropp



Genus Erithacus - 1 species

Robin (European) Erithacus rubecula   Found: Europe, Asia
Image by: 1) Dick - England  2) Juan Emilio 3) Causinho 4) Dick Daniels - Scotland 
1) Juvenile



Genus Heinrichia - 1 species

Shortwing, Great  Heinrichia calligyna  Found: Sulawesi (Indonesia)
Image by: 1) Stan De Win



Genus Irania - 1 species

Robin, White-throated  Irania gutturalis  Found: Africa, Asia
Image by: 1) Sergey Yeliseev  2) Lusinemarg



Genus Larvivora

Robin, Indian Blue  Larvivora brunnea  Found: southern Asia
Image by: 1) Gobind Bhardwa 2) Clement Francis 
1) Female 2) Male


Robin, Japanese   Larvivora akahige  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Ainus  2) Nash Chou


Robin, Rufous-headed  Larvivora ruficeps  Found: southeast Asia, Malaysia
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2, 3) James Eaton - Cambodia
2) 1st winter female 3) Male


Robin, Rufous-tailed   Larvivora sibilans  Found: southern China, southeast Asia
The Rufous-tailed Robin has grayish-brown upperparts; heavily mottled breast; rufous rump, tail; whitish eye-ring; brownish-black bill; pinkish-gray legs.
Image by: 1) JJ Harrison  2) Characters  3, 4) Hiyashi Haka


Robin, Ryukyu   Larvivora komadori  Found: Ryukyu Islands of Japan
Image by: 1) Yan Muziku  2) James Eaton  3) Brendan Sloan 
1) Female 2, 3) Male


Robin, Siberian Blue  Larvivora cyane  Found: Asia, Australasia
The male Siberan Blue Robin has blue upperparts; white underparts; thin white eye-ring. Female has brown upperparts, whitish underparts.
Image by: 1,  3) JJ Harrison - Thailand  2) Alex Vargas   4) Hiyashi Haka
1) Juvenile 2) Female 3) Male



Genus Leonardina - 1 species

Robin, Bagobo  also  Bagobo Babbler  Leonardina woodi  Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) hbw.com



Genus Luscinia
Found in: Europe, Asia, Africa

Bluethroat   Luscinia svecica   Found: North America (rare), Europe, Asia, Africa
The Bluethroat has a grayish brown back, white supercilium, whitish belly. The male has a blue bib edged below with successive black, white and rust colored borders. Female has a blackish crescent on the throat and breast.
Image by:  1) Sergey Yeliseev - Egypt  2) Yogendra Joshi - India   3) J M Garg - India  4)   Killer_9394
   5) Bogomolov - Moscow region  6) Daniel_Bastaja   7) Vitaliy Khustochka - Ukraine   8) Yuriy75 - Baikonur, Kazakhstan  9) Cristiano Crolle - Texel, Holland
1) First winter  2, 3, 4) Female  4 - 9) Male


Firethroat   Luscinia pectardens  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Dave_Curtis  2) Roger_Chen
1) Juvenile


Nightingale, Common  Luscinia megarhynchos  Found: Europe, Asia, Africa
The Common Nightingale has brown upperparts; reddish tail; white to buff underparts.
Similar to: Thrush Nightingale. Common Nightingale has some reddish coloring; Thrush Nightingale does not have any reddish coloring and is darker.
Image by:  1) J Dietrich  2) Charlie Westerinen - Germany  3) Le No - France  4) Cristiano Crolle - near Novara, Italy


Nightingale, Thrush  also  Sprosser  Luscinia luscinia  Found: Europe, Asia, Africa
The Thrush Nightingale has dark brown upperparts with an olive tinge; whitish chin and throat mottled with brown; spotted brown sides of throat.
Similar to: Common Nightingale. Common Nightingale has some reddish coloring; Thrush Nightingale does not have any reddish coloring and is darker.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Locaguapa  3) Frank Vassen - Poland


Redstart, White-bellied   Luscinia phaenicuroides  Found: southeast Asia
Image by: 1) Michael_Gillam  2) Patko Erika - Thailand 3) Francesco_Veronesi - Thailand


Robin, Black-throated Blue also Blackthroat Luscinia obscura  Found: China, Thailand (rare)
Image by: 1) Tang Jun  2) Gustav_Mutzel 3) Summer_Wong


Rubythroat, Siberian   Luscinia calliope  Found: Asia
The Siberian Rubythroat has plain brown upperparts; black tail with red side patches; white supercilium. . Male has red throat with narrow black border and wider white board above the black. Female lacks the red throat and borders.
Image by: 1, 3, 5) Hiyashi Haka  2) Robert tdc  4) Sergey Yeliseev


Rubythroat, White-tailed   Luscinia pectoralis  Found: along the Himalyas
The male White-tailed Rubythroat has brown upperparts, crown, nape; red throat; white forehead, supercilium, belly; black breast, sides of throat;  white-tipped tail. Female has dull grayish-brown upperparts, upper-breast; white throat; whitish belly.
Image by: 1) Dolly_Laishram  2) Rakeshkdogra - India 3) Sergey_Yeliseev  4) Alastair_Rae



Genus Myiomela

Robin, Nilgiri Blue also  Nilgiri Blue Shortwing  Myiomela major  Found: India
The Nilgiri Shortwing has dark slaty-blue upperparts, throat, breast; dark lores; buffy white center of belly.
Image by: 1) momaya 2) Jainy Kuriakose


Robin, Sunda Myiomela diana  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Yann_Muzika - Java  2, 3) Lip_Kee


Robin, White-bellied Blue  also  White-bellied Shortwing  Myiomela albiventrisFound: India
The White=bellied Blue Robin has slaty-blue uipperparts, breast; black face mask; white forehead; white belly.
Image by: 1) Nazeer  2) Ram Mallya


Robin, White-tailed   Myiomela leucura also Cinclidium leucurum  Found: Asia
Image by: 1, 4) JJ Harrison - Chiang Mai, Thailand 2, 3, 5, 6) Hiyashi Haka
1, 2 3) Female  4, 5, 6) Male




Genus Pogonocichla - 1 species

Robin, White-starred also Starred Robin  Pogonocichla stellata  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya   2) Alan Manson - South Africa  3) Dick Daniels - Tanzania. Identified by Charlie Westerinen



Genus Saxicoloides - 1 species

Robin, Indian  Saxicoloides fulicata    Found: Asia
Image by: 1)  Challiyan   2, 3, 4) J M Garg - India
4) Female



Genus Stiphrornis - 1 species

Robin, Forest  Stiphrornis erythrothorax  Found: central and west Africa
The Forest Robin has dark upperparts; orange throat, breast.
Image by: 1) Brian Schmidt



Genus Swynnertonia - 1 species

Robin, Swynnerton's   Swynnertonia swynnertoni  Found: n Mozambique, Tanzania, Zimbabwe
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Derek Keats - Mozambique



Genus Tarsiger
Found in: Asia

Bluetail, Himalayan   Tarsiger rufilatus   Found: Himalayas
The Himalayan Bluetail has blue tail, rump; white throat; grayish-white underparts; orange-red flanks; thin black bill; black legs. Male has deep blue upperparts; female has grayish-brown upperparts.
Similar to: Red-flanked Bluetail. Male Himalayan Bluetail has deeper blue than Red-flanked Bluetail; Female Himalayan Bluetail has grayer upperparts than Red-flanked Bluetail.
l Image by: 1, 3) JM_Garg - India  2) JJ Harrison - Thailand


Bluetail, Red-flanked also Orange-flanked Bush-robin  Tarsiger cyanurus   Found: Europe, Asia 
The Red-flanked Bluetail has blue tail, rump; white throat; grayish-white underparts; orange-red flanks; thin black bill; black legs. Male has blue upperparts; female has brown upperparts.
Similar to: Himalayan Bluetail. Male Himalayan Bluetail has deeper blue than Red-flanked Bluetail; Female Himalayan Bluetail has grayer upperparts than Red-flanked Bluetail.
Image by:  1) Charles Lam  2) MaterialScientist - Tsukuba, Japan   3) 57Andrew 4) Su Neko 
1) Female  2, 3) Male


Robin, Collared Bush-  Tarsiger johnstoniae  Found: Taiwan
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi - Taiwan  2) Hiyashi Haka


Robin, Golden Bush- Tarsiger chrysaeus Found: southeast Asia
Image by: 1)  JM Garg - Indiag  2) Ariefrahman - Thailand
1) Female 2) Male


Robin, Rufous-breasted  Tarsiger hyperythrus  Found: Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal
Image by: 1) Henry_Koh  2) soumyajit nandy - India  3) Antony Grossy
1) Female 2, 3) Male


Robin, White-browed Bush-
  Tarsiger indicus    Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Wenhua_Chen  2) Francesco Veronesi - Taiwan 





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