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MUSCICAPIDAE

Muscicapidae is a large family of small birds restricted to the Old World. These are mainly small arboreal insectivores, many of which, take their prey on the wing. The appearance of these birds is very varied, but they mostly have weak songs and harsh calls. They vary 10 to 21 cm. Many species are a dull brown in color. Most have broad, flattened, bill, suited to catching insects in flight, although the few ground foraging species typically have finer bills. They live in almost every environment with a suitable supply of trees, from dense forest to open scrub. The more northerly species migrate south in winter, ensuring a continuous diet of insects.


Alethe, Palm-Thrush, Rock-Thrush, Whistling-Thrush

Order Passeriformes    Family Muscicapidae


Genus Alethe

Alethe, White-tailed Alethe diademata  Found: west Africa
Image by: 1) Michael Andersen


Alethe, Fire-crested Alethe castanea  Found: Nigeria to Uganda
Image by: 1)Julie Dewilde  2) Mike Piazzi - Cameroon 
1) Juvenile



Genus Cichladusa
Found: tropical Africa

Thrush, Collared Palm-  Cichladusa arquata  Found: Africa
Image by: 1, 2) Charlie Westerinen - Zimbabwe  3, 4) Ian White - Botswana


Thrush, Rufous-tailed Palm-  Cichladusa ruficauda  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Ian White - Namibia  2) Ron Knight


Thrush, Spotted Morning also known as Spotted Palm Thrush  Cichladusa guttata   Found: Africa
The Spotted Morning Thrush has rufous-brown upperparts; pale underparts with dark stripes and dashes; pale supercilium.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2, 3, 4) DIck Daniels - Tanzania  



Genus Monticola  Rock-thrush
Found: Europe, Asia, Africa

Thrush, Blue-capped Rock-  Monticola cinclorhynchus  Found: Asia
The male Blur-capped Rock-Thrush has blue and black upperparts; blue head, chin, throat, chestnut-brown underparts. Female has brown upperparts; brown and white underparts.
Image by: 1) Dhruvaraj S  2) Sumeet Moghe 3) Anon_Ray 
1) Female 2, 3) Male


Thrush, Blue Rock-  Monticola solitarius  Found: Europe, Asia, Africa 
The breeding male Blue Rock-Thrush has mainly blue plumage; rufous belly. Female has dark brown upperparts; paler brown scaly underparts.
Image by: 1) JM_Garg - India  2) Jojo2000  3) Ryan Cheng  4) Cristiano Crolle - Monfrague, Spain


Thrush, Cape Rock-  Monticola rupestris  Found: South Africa
The breeding Cape Rock-Thrush has brown upperparts; blue-gray head; orange underparts. Female has brown upperparts head; orange underparts with some black scaling.
Image by: 1) Alan Manson - South Africa  2) Derek_Keats  3) Craig Adam - Hermanus, South Africa 4 ) Arno Meintjes 
1, 2) Female  3, 4) Male


Thush, Chestnut-bellied  Monticola rufiventris  Found: India, southeast Asia
The male Chestnut-bellied Thrush bright blue primary feathers; chestnut belly.
Image by: 1,  2) Annethingnam
1) Female 2) Male


Thrush, Common Rock-  also  Rufous-tailed Rock-Thrush  Monticola saxatilis  Found: Europe, Asia, Africa
The male Common Rock-Thrush has blue-gray head, nape; dark brown wings; orange underparts. Female has dark brown scaly upperparts; pale brown scaly underparts.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) JV Verde - Portugal   3, 6) Joseph Mochoge - Eburu Kenya  4) Pierre Dalous  5) Francesco Veronesi
1, 2) Female or immature  3) Female  4, 5, 6) Male


Thrush, Forest Rock-  Monticola sharpei  Found: Madagascar
Image by: 1, 2, 3) David Cook 
1) Juvenile  2) Female  3) Male


Thrush, Little Rock-  Monticola rufocinereus  Found; Africa
The male Little Rock-Thrush has blue-gray upperparts, head, throat; orange-red underparts. Female duller and paler than male.
Image by: 1) Carsten ten Brink - Eritrea  2) Francesco Veronesi - Kenya
  3) Dick Daniels - Kigio Wildlife Conservancy, Kenya  4) Kris Maes - Ethiopia   5) Joseph Mochoge - Gilgil, Kenya
1) Female  2, 3, 4, 5) Male



Thrush, Littoral Rock-  Monticola imerinus  Found: Madagascar
The male Littoral Rock-Thrush has pale gray mantle, head, breast, wing coverts, neck; dull orange breast, belly.
Image by: 1) Madagascar  1, 2) Daniel Guip   3) Frank Vassen


Thrush, Miombo Rock-  Monticola angolensis  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Nigel_Voaden - DR Congo  2) bathyporeia


Thrush, Sentinel Rock-  Monticola explorator Found: Lesotho, South Africa, Swaziland
Image by: 1, 3) Brian_Gratwicke - Cape Town  2) Jo Mur  
1) Female 2, 3 Male


Thrush, Short-toed Rock- Monticola brevipes Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Cristiano Crolle - Etosha Nat.Park, Namibia  2, 3) Jerry Oldenettel - Namibia  4) Ian White - Namibia 


Thrush, White-throated Rock-  Monticola gularis  Found: Asia
The male White-throated Rock-Thrush has white patches on throat; chestnut-orange underparts. Female has brown or olive upperparts; scalloped underparts.
Image by: 1) Micky_Lim  2) JJ Harrison - Thailand  3) Jerry_Oldenettel - Thailand
1) Female 2, 3) Male



Genus Myophonus

Thrush, Blue Whistling-  Myophonus caeruleus  Found: Asia
The Blue-Whistling Thrush dark violet-blue plumage; spangling on back, breast; yellow bill.
Image by: 1) JJ Harrison - Chiang Mai, Thailand    2) JM Garg - West Bengal, India  3) Lokionly - Hong Kong


Thrush, Bornean Whistling-   Myophonus borneensis Found: Borneo (Indonesia, Malaysia)
Image by: 1) Tom_Brown  2) Tom_Tarrant  3) Mike_Price


Thrush, Chestnut-winged Whistling-   Myophonus castaneus Found: Sumatra (Indonesia)
The male Chestnut-winged Whistling-Thrush has dark blue head, breast, shoulders; rest  chestnut. Female has mostly dull chestnut-brown plumage; blue patch on shoulder.
Image by: 1) Rob Hutchinson
1) Male


Thrush, Javan Whistling-   Myophonus glaucinus Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Jakarta_Birder  2, 3) Lip Kee 
1) Female 2, 3) Male


Thrush, Malabar Whistling-   Myophonus horsfieldii Found: India
The Malabar Whistling-Thrush has blackish/blue upperparts; black underparts.
Image by: 1) Chandru0072  2) Antony_Grossy


Thrush, Malayan Whistling-   Myophonus robinsoni Found: Malaysia
Image by: 1) Emorhun_Matjo  2) Zakir_Hassan


Thrush, Shiny Whistling-   Myophonus melanurus Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Yan Muzika


Thrush, Sri Lanka Whistling-
  Myophonus blighi Found: Sri Lanka
The male Sri Lanka Whistling-Thrush has dark blue plumage; darker head, back. Female has brown upperparts; chestnut underparts; blue shoulder patch.
Image by: 1, 2) Buddhika Mawella


Thrush, Taiwan Whistling- also Formosan Whistling-Thrush Myophonus insularis  Endemic to Taiwan
Image by:  1, 2) Hiyashi Halso  3) Charles Lam



Genus Pseudalethe

Alethe, Brown-chested  Pseudalethe poliocephala Found: Africa
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Marcel Holyoak - Cameroon


Alethe, Red-throated  Pseudalethe poliophrys  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Ross Tsai


Alethe, Thyolo also Cholo Alethe Pseudalethe choloensis  Found: Malawi, Mozambiquie
The Cholo Alethe has rust colored upperparts; whitish underparts; dark brown tail with white tips.
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi


Alethe, White-chested  Pseudalethe fuellebornFound: Africa
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) KD Dijkstra - Tanzania



Genus Sheppardia

Akalat, Bocage's  Sheppardia bocagei  Found:
Image by: 1) Jacob Cooper - Equatorial Guinea  2) Nigel Voaden - DR Congo


Akalat, East Coast  Sheppardia gunningi  Found: east Africa
The East Coast Akalat has olive-brown upperparts; blue-gray lores, supercilium, wing coverts; orangish underparts with white on lower belly.
Similer to Equatorial Akalat. East Coast Akalat is found in forest along the coast; Equatorial Akalat is found in highland forests.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Hugh Chittenden


Akalat, Equatorial  Sheppardia aequatorialis  Found: Africa
The Equatorial Akalat has olive-brown upperparts; blue-gray around the eyes; orangish underparts with white on lower belly.
Similer to East Coast Akalat. East Coast Akalat is found in forest along the coast; Equatorial Akalat is found in highland forests.

Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Dave Curtis - Kenya

Akalat, Gabela  Sheppardia gabela  Found: Angola
Image by: 1) hbw.com


Akalat, Iringa  Sheppardia lowei  Found: Tanzania
Image by: 1) hbw.com

Akalat, Lowland  Sheppardia cyornithopsis  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Julie DeWilde - DR Congo


Akalat, Rubeho  Sheppardia aurantiithorax  Found: Tanzania
Image by: pixarc.com


Akalat, Sharpe's  Sheppardia sharpei  Found: Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia
Image by: 1) Nik Borrow - Malawi


Akalat, Usambara  Sheppardia montana  Found: Tanzania
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Valery Schollaert





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