LAUGHINGTHRUSH and Allies

Order Passeriformes    Family Leiothrichidae

The laughingthrushes are a family of mostly Old World passerine birds. These are birds of tropical areas, with the greatest variety in Southeast Asia and the Indian Subcontinent. The entire family was previously included in the Timaliidae, the Old World babblers. Some birds in Leiothrichidaeare are called babbler's.

They are small to medium sized birds. They have strong legs, and many are quite terrestrial. They typically have generalised bills, similar to those of a thrush. Most have predominantly brown plumage, with minimal difference between the sexes, but many more brightly coloured species also exist. They are vocally noisy birds.

The Leiothrichidae are divided in this presention as follows
Babbler: babax, babbler, chatterer
Fulvetta : cutia, fulvetta
Laughingthrush: babax, hwamei, laughingthrush
Other : barwing, leiothrix, liocichla, mesia, minia, sibia


The LAUGHINGTHRUSH

This web page contains the following genus: Garrulax, Ianthocincla, Trochalopteron. At one time they were all combined into a larger Garrulax. Almost all of the species have Laughingthrush in their name.

Genus Babax
Also placed in genus Garrulax or Ianthocincla

Babax, Chinese  Babax lanceolatus  Found: China, Hong Kong, India, Myanmar
Image by: 1) Josephe Huet  2) Michelle and Peter Wong


Babax, Giant   Babax waddelli   Found: India, Tibet
Image by: 1) Johan Bosch  2) Frode Falkenberg


Babax, Tibetan   Babax koslowi  Found: China
1) Tang Jun



Genus Garrulax
These laughingthrush usually appear in gourps of about a half dozen.

Hwamei, Chinese also Melodious Laughingthrush  Garrulax canorum  Found: eastern Asia
The Chinese Hwamei has mainly reddish-brown plumage; dark streaks on crown, back, throat; whitish eye-ring with white line extending to rear of head.
Image by: 1. 2) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo  3) Charles Lam


Hwamei, Taiwan  Garrulax taewanum   Endemic to Taiwan
The Taiwan Hwamei has mainly gray-brown plumage; heavy streaks on crown, nape, back; fine streaks on much of underparts;
Image by: 1, 2)  Hiyashi Haka


Laughingthursh, Ashy-headed  Garrulax cinereifrons  Found: Sri Lanka
The Ashy-headed Laughingthrush has rufous-brown upperparts; deep buff underparts; gray head; white throat. They are noisy birds with charactericstic laughing calls.
Image by: 1) Steve Garvie - Sri Lanka  2) Danushka Senadheera


Laughingthursh, Bare-headed  Garrulax calvus  Found: Borneo
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) James Eaton
1) Adult - foreground; juvenile - rear


Laughingthursh, Black  Garrulax lugubris  Found: Indonesia
The Black Laughingthrush has all black plumage; orange bill.
Image by: 1) Oleg Chernyshov


Laughingthursh, Black-hooded  Garrulax milleti  Found: Laos, Vietnam
Image by: 1) Henrik Gronvold


Laughingthursh, Cambodian  Garrulax ferrarius  Found: southwestern Cambodia
Image by: 1) James Eaton


Laughingthursh, Gray  Garrulax maesi  Found: China, Laos, Vietnam
Image by: 1) Manfred Braun


Laughingthrush, Lesser Necklaced  Garrulax monileger  Found: Asia
Image by: JJ Harrison in Thailand


Laughingthrush, Masked  Garrulax perspicillatus  Found: Asia
Image by: 1, 2) Charles Lam


Laughingthursh, Orange-breasted  Garrulax annamensis  Found: Vietnam
The Orange-breasted Laughingthrush has brown upperparts; orange breast with black streaks; black throat.
Similar to: Spot-breasted Laughtingthrush. Spot-breasted Laughtingthrush has brown breast with black streaks; Orange-breasted Laughingthrush has orange breast with black streaks; black throat.
Image by: 1) James Eaton - Vietnam


Laughingthursh, Rufous-cheeked  Garrulax castanotis  Found: China, Laos, Vietnam
The Rufous-cheeked Laughingthrush was formerly considered a subspecies of the Gray Laughingthrush.
Image by: 1) Petr Novak


Laughingthursh, Rufous-fronted  Garrulax rufifrons  Found: mountains regions of Java
The Rufous-fronted Laughingthrust has mainly gray plumage; rufous forehead;  yellow eyes.
Image by: 1) Marhi_226  2) Writhed Hornbil - Prague Zoo


Laughingthursh, Spot-breasted  Garrulax merulinus  Found: southeast Asia
The Sopt-breasted Laughingthrush has brown upperparts; brown breast with black streaks.
Similar to: Orange-breasted Laughtingthrush. Spot-breasted Laughtingthrush has brown breast with black streaks; Orange-breasted Laughingthrush has orange breast with black streaks; black throat.
Image by: 1) Jason Thompson - Thailand


Laughingthrush, Sumatran  also  Black-and-white Laughingthrush  Garrulax bicolor  Found: Indonesian island of Sumatra
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - Miami Zoo


Laughingthursh, Sunda  Garrulax palliatus  Found: Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia
Image by: 1) Dave Irving


Laughingthrush, White-crested  Garrulax leucolophus  Found: Asia
Image by: 1, 2, 4) Dick Daniels  - National Aviary 3) Dick - Miami Zoo  5) Sandy Cole



Laughingthursh, White-necked  Garrulax strepitans  Found: China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand
Image by: 1) JJ Harrison - Thailand



Genus Grammatoptila - 1 species

Laughingthrush, Striated  Grammatoptila striata  Found: Indian subcontinent
Image: 1) Dibyendu Ash



Genus Ianthocincla also Garrulax

Laughingthrush, Barred  Ianthocincla lunulata Found: China
Image by: 1) Matej Batha


Laughingthrush, Biet's  also  White-speckled Laughingthrush   Ianthocincla bieti Found: China
Image by: 1) character


Laughingthrush, Black-throated Ianthocincla chinensis  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels- Miami Zoo  2) Charles Lam  3) Darren Bellerby - Hong Kong Park, Hong Kong  4) Dick - Woodland Park Zoo, Seattle


Laughingthrush, Blue-crowned Ianthocincla courtoisi Found: Asia
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick DanielsNational Aviary  4) Sandy ColeNational Aviary  5) Trisha Shears - the Cincinnati Zoo



Laughingthrush, Buffy  Ianthocincla berthemyi  Found: China
Similar to: Ruaty Laughingthrush. Buffy Laughingthrush has paler gray underparts than Rusty Laughingthrush and more contrasting rufous wings.
Image by: 1) Dougii  2) Kimoji


Laughingthrush, Chestnut-backed  Ianthocincla nuchalis Found: India, Myanmar
Image by: 1) Raj Phukan


Laughingthrush, Chestnut-capped  Ianthocincla mitratus  Found: Indonesia, Malaysia
Image by: 1) NatureAtYourBackyard  2) Jason Thompson


Laughingthrush, Chestnut-eared Ianthocincla konkakinhensis Found: Vietnam, Laos
The Chestnut-eared Laughingthrush has irregularly barred black-and-white upperparts; black-streaked gray forehead; chestnut ear-coverts.
Image by: 1) Nguyen Bao


Laughingthrush, Chestnut-hooded  Ianthocincla treacheri  Found: Borneo
Image by: 1) Sabine's Sunbird  2) Lip Kee


Laughingthrush, Giant  Ianthocincla maxima Found: China, India
Image by: 1) character


Laughingthrush, Gray-sided  Ianthocincla caerulata  Found: southeast Asia, Hawaii (introduced)
Similar to: Rusty Laughingthrush. Rusty Laughingthrush has larger black patch on lores than Gray-sided Laughingthrush.
Image by: 1) Hiyashi Haka


Laughingthrush, Greater Necklaced Ianthocincla pectoralis Found: Asia
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo  3) Sandy Cole - San Diego Zoo


Laughingthrush, Moustached Ianthocincla cineraceusFound: China, India, Myanmar
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) esbelme


Laughingthrush, Plain  also Pere David's Laughingthrush  Ianthocincla davidi  Found: China
Image by: 1) frieda6688 - Beijing


Laughingthrush, Rufous-chinned  Ianthocincla rufogularis Found: southeast Asia
The Rufous-chinned Laughingthrush has scale-like upperparts; grayish underparts; black cap; brown tail.
Image by: 1) Rakeshkdogra


Laughingthrush, Rufous-crowned  Ianthocincla ruficeps Found: Taiwan
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Cherry Wong


Laughingthrush, Rufous-necked  Ianthocincla ruficollis Found: south Asia
Image by: 1) Ron Knight


Laughingthrush, Rufous-vented  Ianthocincla gularis  Found: southeast Asia
Image by: 1) John Gould


Laughingthrush, Rusty  Ianthocincla poecilorhynchus  Found: Taiwan
Similar to: Gray-sided Laughingthrush. Rusty Laughingthrush has larger black patch on lores than Gray-sided Laughingthrush.
Similar to: Buffy Laughingthrush. Buffy Laughingthrush has paler gray underparts than Rusty Laughingthrush and more contrasting rufous wings.
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Ray Cui


Laughingthrush, Spotted  Ianthocincla occellatus  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Charlie Westerinen - Sand Diego Zoo  2, 4) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo   3) Sandy Cole - San Diego Zoo


Laughingthrush, Sukatschev's  also Snowy-cheeked Laughingthursh  Ianthocincla sukatschewi Found: China
Image by: 1) Gustav Mutzel  2) Tang Jan


Laughingthrush, White-browed  Ianthocincla sannio  Found: southeast Asia
The White-browed Laughingthrush has mainly gray plumage; lighter underparts; black crown; white supercilium, face.
Image by: 1) Ron Knight - Chengdu, China  2) Jason Thompson - Thailand


Laughingthrush, White-cheeked  Ianthocincla vassali Found: Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam
Image by: 1) Johnson - Singapore


Laughingthrush, White-throated  Ianthocincla albogularis Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Hectonichus


Laughingthrush, Wynaad  Ianthocincla delesserti  Found: Western Ghats south of Goa in India
The Wynaad Laughingthrush has brownish-gray upperparts; dark head with black mask; white throat; pale gray breast; rufous belly.
Image by: 1) Hunt  2) Prasanna Parab


Laughingthrush, Yellow-throated  Ianthocincla galbanus  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) John Gould in Birds of Asia  2, 3) Kerry Lannert



Genus Trochalopteron also Garrulax
These laughingthrush are found in Asia. Most are quite colorful.

Laughingthrush, Assam Trochalopteron chrysopterum  Found: China, India, Myanmar
The Assam Laughingthrush was formerly considered a subspecies of the Chestnut-crowned Laughingthrush.
Image by: 1) James Eaton


Laughingthrush, Bhutan Trochalopteron imbricatum  Found: Bhutan and adjacent India
The Bhutan Laughingthrush was formerly considered a subspecies of the Streaked Laughingthrush.
Image by: 1, 2) Ron Knight


Laughingthrush, Black-faced Trochalopteron affine  Found: south Asia
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Dibyendu Ash  3) Allen Drewitt


Laughingthrush, Blue-winged Trochalopteron squamatum  Found: southern China
Image by: 1) Ian Fulton - Bhutan


Laughingthrush, Brown-capped Trochalopteron austeni  Found: India, Myanmar
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) James Eaton


Laughingthrush, Brown-cheeked  also Prince Henry's Laugingthrush Trochalopteron henrici  Found: China, India
Image by: 1, 2) Ross Tsai


Laughingthrush, Chestnut-crowned Trochalopteron erythrocephalum  Found: Bhutan, China, India, Nepal
The Assam Laughingthrush was formerly considered a subspecies of the Chestnut-crowned Laughingthrush.
Image by: 1) Rushen


Laughingthrush, Collared Trochalopteron yersini  Found: Vietnam
Image by: 1) Luyen Nguyen


Laughingthrush, Elliot's Trochalopteron elliotii  Found: Chian, India
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Ron Knight


Laughingthrush, Golden-winged Trochalopteron ngoclinhense  Found: Vietnam
Image by: 1) TUANTHUDUC


Laughingthrush, Kerala also Grey-breasted Laughingthrush  Trochalopteron fairbanki  Found: Asia
The Kerala Laughingthrush has olive-brown upperparts; gray-brown crown; white supercilium; gray throat; gray upper-breast with faint brown streaks; rusty-brown lower-breast, belly.
Image by: 1) Keulemans  2) gopalarathnam 


Laughingthrush, Malayan Trochalopteron peninsulae  Found: Thailand, Malaysia
Image by: 1) JJ Harrison - Thailand


Laughingthrush, Red-tailed  Trochalopteron milnei  Found: Asia
Image by: 1, 2) Sandy Cole - San Diego Zoo


Laughingthrush, Red-winged  Trochalopteron formosum  Found: southwest China, Vietnam
Image by: 1) Josephe Huet  2) Jason L. Buberel


Laughingthrush, Rufous-breasted  also  Black-chinned Laughingthrush  Trochalopteron cachinnans  Found:  Asia
The Rufous-breasted Laughingthrush has dark olive-gray upperparts; slaty-brown crown;  broad white supercilium boarded with black; black lores, throat; olive-brown tail.reddish brown eyes; rufous underpartsß; sblack bill. A subspecies has gray breast and rufous belly.
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2, 3) D. Momaya


Laughingthrush, Scaly Trochalopteron subunicolor  Found: southern Asia
Image by: 1) Umeshsrinivasan  2) Dibyendu Ash


Laughingthrush, Silver-eared Trochalopteron melanostigma  Found: China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
Image by: 1) Jason Thompson


Laughingthrush, Streaked  Trochalopteron lineatus  Found: Asia
The Bhutan Laughingthrush was formerly considered a subspecies of the Streaked Laughingthrush.
Image by: 1) Yogendra Joshi in the foothills of himalaya in Kausani, Uttarakhand state, India   2, 3) J M Garg in Himachal Pradesh, India


Laughingthrush, Striped Trochalopteron virgatum  Found: India, Myanmar
Image by: 1) Manjula Mathur


Laughingthrush, Variegated Trochalopteron variegatum  Found: northern regions of Indian subcontinent
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Zahran - Pakistan


Laughingthrush, White-whiskered  Trochalopteron morrisonianus  Found: Asia
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Hiyashi Haka






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