BIRDS of THE WORLD - An Online Bird Book
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HUMMINGBIRDs

Order Apodiformes    Family Trochilidae

Hummingbirds are restricted to the Americas from southern Alaska to Tierra del Fuego, including the Caribbean. The majority of species occur in tropical and subtropical Central and South America. Hummingbirds are are among the smallest of birds. They can hover in mid-air by rapidly flapping their wings 12–90 times per second (depending on the species). They can also fly backwards, and are the only group of birds able to do so. They can fly at speeds exceeding 50 km/h (30 mi/h).

Hummingbirds drink nectar, a sweet liquid inside flowers. Nectar is a poor source of nutrients, so they also prey on insects and spiders, especially when feeding young. When hummingbirds feed on nectar, the bill is usually only opened slightly, allowing the tongue to dart out and into the interior of flowers. Most hummingbirds have bills that are long and straight or nearly so, but in some species the bill shape is adapted for specialized feeding. Hummingbirds do not spend all day flying, as the energy cost would be prohibitive; the majority of their activity consists simply of sitting or perching. With the exception of insects, hummingbirds while in flight have the highest metabolism of all animals, a necessity in order to support the rapid beating of their wings. Their heart rate can reach over 1000 beats per minute.

The hummingbirds are presented in 7 web pages:                 1) Barbthroat, Hermit, Jacobian, Sicklebill, Topaz
2) Carib, Fairy, Goldenthroat, Mango, Violetear, Visorbearer    3) Comet, Coquette, Firecrown, Sunangel, Sylph, Thorntail
4) Helmetcrest, Hillstar, Metaltail, Puffleg, Thornbill                5) Brilliant, Coronet, Inca, Starfrontlet, Sunbeam
6) Mountain-gem, Starthroat, Sheartail, Woodstar                  7) Emerald, Plumeleteer, Sabrewing, Woodnymph

Emerald, Plumeleteer, Sabrewing, Woodnymph


Genus Abeillia

Hummingbird,_Emerald-chinned  Abeillia abeillei  Found: El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Jorge_Montejo - Mexico  3) Amy_McAndrews - Mexico  4) Ian_Davies



Genus Amazilia
The Emeralds are found in: Amazilia, Chlorostilbon, Elvira. Amazilia are medium sized hummingbirds with more or less straight bills which are red basally, at least on the mandible.

Emerald,_Andean  Amazilia franciae Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The Andean Emerald has green upperparts; white underparts; coppery under-tail. Male has blue crown; female has green crown.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Alejandro_Tamayo  3) Nick Athanas - Peru


Emerald,_Glittering-throated  Amazilia fimbriata  Found: Brazil and northern neighbors
The Glittering-throated Amazon has green upperparts; white lower-breast, belly.
Image by: 1) Chepas  2) Nick Athanas - Brazil  3, 4, 5) Dario Sanches - Brazil


Emerald,_Honduran  Amazilia luciae  Found: Honduras
The male Honduran Emerald has green upperparts; black down-curved bill; blue-green throat; pale gray underparts. Female similar but less intensely colored gorget.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2, 3) Dominic Sherony


Emerald,_Plain-bellied  Amazilia leucogaster Found: Brazil, Guianas, Venezuela
Similar to: White-chested Emerald. White-chested Emerald has rufous-copper coloring on rump; Plain-bellied Emerald does not.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2, 3) Yannick_Turbe


Emerald,_Sapphire-spangled  Amazilia lactea  Found: Bolivia, Brazil, Peru, Venezuela
In good light the throat sparkles with violet-blue.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Francesco_Veronesi  - Brazil  3, 4, 5) Dario Sanches - Brazil  6) Nick Athanas - Brazil


Emerald,_Versicolored Amazilia versicolor Found: mainly Brazil, Columbia, Venezuela; also Argentina, Bolivia ,Paraguay
The Versicolored Emerald has coppery-gree upperparts, flanks; white or greenish or turquoise (depending on subspecies) throat and center of breast.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2, 4) Dario Sanches  3, 7) Nick Athanas - Brazil  6) Lip Kee - Argentina    5) Tom Friedel - Argentinia


Emerald,_White-bellied  Amazilia candida Found: Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua
The White-bellied Emerald has green upperparts; white underparts; black/red upper/lower mandible.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Dominic_Sherony - Belize  3) Nick Athanas - Mexico


Emerald,_White-chested  Amazilia brevirostris Found: the Guianas, Trinidad, Venezuela
The White-chested Emerald has golden-green upperparts; becoming bronze on tail; white throat, underparts; green flanks or white spots.
Similar to
: Plain-bellied Emerald. White-chested Emerald has rufous-copper coloring on rump; Plain-bellied Emerald does not.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Dr_Philipp_Lehmann - Trinidas  3) Nick Athanas  4) Barloventomagico - Venezuela


Hummingbird,_Amazilia   Amazilia amazilia  Found: Ecuador, Peru
The Amazilia Hummingbird has slightly down-curved red bill with black tip. Plumage varies considerably for the subspecies.
Image by: 1) Cephas  Sandy Cole - Butterfly World in Florida   2) Dick Daniels - Butterfly World


Hummingbird,_Azure-crowned  Amazilia cyanocephala Found: Mexico, Central America
The Azure-crowned Hummingbird has brownish back, wings; blue crown; greenish hindneck.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Joseph_Boone  3) Roberto_Monroy


Hummingbird,_Berylline  Amazilia beryllina Found: North America (Arizona), Central America
Similar to: Buff-bellied Hummingbird. Both these species are predominantly dark green and have rufous tails. Buff-bellied Hummingbird has white underwing, red bill with a darker tip; Berylline Hummingbird has rufous underwing, dark red bill.
Image by: 1) Cephas   2) Cristiano Oliveira - Mexico  3) Nick Athanas - Nexico  4) Dominic Sherony  5) Jorge Montejo - Mexico  6) Jerry Oldenettel - Mexico


Hummingbird,_Blue-chested  Amazilia amabilis  Found: Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Nicaragua, Panama
The Blue-chrested Hummingbird has straight bill; green or maroonish tails. Male has sparkling green crown; violet-blue lower throat, upperbreast. Female has blue spots on breast. The Charming Hummingbird previously considered subspecies of Blue-chested Hummingbird.
Similar to: Purple-chested Hummingbird.
Image by: 1) Cephas   2)  Dominic Sherony  3) Nick Athanas - Panama


Hummingbird,_Blue-tailed  Amazilia cyanura Found: Mexico, Central America
The Blue-tailed Hummingbird has a blue tail. In good lighting the wings have some rufous coloring.
Similar to: Steely-vented Hummingbird. Blue-tailed Hummingbird has some rufous on wings; Steely-vented Hummingbird does not.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Jerry_Oldenettel - Costa Rica


Hummingbird,_Buff-bellied Amazilia yucatanensis   Found: South Texas to Central America
Similar to: Berylline Hummingbird. Both these species are predominantly dark green and have rufous tails. Buff-bellied Hummingbird has white underwing, red bill with a darker tip; Berylline Hummingbird has rufous underwing, dark red bill.
Image by:  1) Cephas  2) Tool  Ake - Mexico  3) Big  Dipper  - Texas  4,  5  6) Jerry Oldenettel  - Texas


Hummingbird,_Charming  Amazilia decora Found: Costa Rica, Panama
The Charming Hummingbird previously considered subspecies of Blue-chested Hummingbird. Charming Hummingbird has longer bill; more sparkling green on head. Blue-chested Hummingbird has more blue on breast.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Nick Athanas - Costa Rica  3) David_Reed - Costa Rica


Hummingbird,_Cinnamon  Amazilia rutila  Found: Central America
Similar to: Rufous Sabrewing. Cinnamon Hummingbird has deeper rufous underparts than Rufous Sabrewing and also has a rufous tail.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Ron_Knight - Mexico  3) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica  4) Roberto_Monroy - Mexico


Hummingbird,_Copper-rumped  Amazilia tobaci  Found: Caribbean and South America
The Copper-rumped Hummingbird has bright green upperparts, head; copper-bronze rump; white thighs; black tail, legs.
Image by:  1) Cephas  2) MeegsC - Asa Wright Nature Centre, Trinidad  3, 4) Dominic Sherony  


Hummingbird,_Green-bellied  Amazilia viridigaster Found: mainly Columbia, Venezuela; also Brazil, Guyana
The Green-bellied Hummingbird has mainly green upperparts; brownish lower-back, rump; white and green underparts.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Nick Athanas - Guyana  3) Joao_Quental - Brazil


Hummingbird,_Green-fronted  Amazilia viridifrons Found: Mexico
The Green-fronted Hummingbird has green upperparts; white underparts; red bill with black tip.
Similar to: Violet-crowned Hummingbird. Violet-crowned Hummingbird has violet forehead; Green-fronted Hummingbird has green forehead.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Jerry_Oldenettel   3) Nick Athanas
2) A. v. wagneri 3) A. v. viridifrons


Hummingbird,_Indigo-capped  Amazilia cyanifrons Found: Columbia
The Indigo-capped Hummingbird has vibrant blue crown; bronzy rump.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Nick Athanas  3, 4) Ron Knight


Hummingbird,_Mangrove Amazilia boucardiFound: Costa Rica in mangroves and adjacent areas.
The male Mangrove Hummingbird has pale green upperparts, head; bronze tinge to rear; bronze-green tail. white underparts. Male has bluish-green throat.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Don_Faulkner  3) Dan_Lebbin


Hummingbird,_Purple-chested  Amazilia rosenbergi Found: Columbia, Ecuador
The male Purple-chested Hummingbird has violet-blue breast patch. Female has green spots from throat to upper belly.
Similar to: Blue-chested Hummingbird.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2, 3) Nick Athanas


Hummingbird,_Rufous-tailed  Amazilia tzacatl  Found: Central and South America
The Rufous-tailed Hummingbird has mainly green plumage; rufous tail; pink bill down-curved with black tip; no white around the eyes.
Image by:  1, 2, 3, 4, 5) Dick Daniels - Boquette, Panama  6, 7) Nick Athanas - Columbia, Ecuador


Hummingbird,_Snowy-bellied also Snowy-breasted Hummingbird Amazilia edward  Found: Costa Rica, Panama
The Snowy-bellied Hummingbird has coppery lower back, rump; green upper-breast; white lower-breast, belly; straight bill; no white around the eyes.
Similar to: Volcano Hummingbird. Volcano Hummingbird has white breast, belly; Snowy-bellied Hummingbird has green upper-breast; white lower-breast, belly.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Nick Athanas - Panama  3) Dominic Sherony - Panama  4, 6) Dick, Daniels - Boquette, Panama  5) Drriss - Panama 


Hummingbird,_Steely-vented  Amazilia saucerottei  Found: Nicaragua, Columbia, Venezuela
The Steely-vented Hummingbird has mainly green plumage; small band of bronzy-copper across upper tail; stone blue tail with white edging.
Similar to: Blue-tailed Hummingbird. Blue-tailed Hummingbird has some rufous on wings; Steely-vented Hummingbird does not.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Alejandro_Tamayo - Columbia 3) Nick Athanas - Columbia  4) Verino77


Hummingbird,_Violet-crowned   Amazilia violiceps  Found: southwest USA to Mexico
Best distinguished by its violet crown. Dark olive-green upperparts, white underparts, red bill with black tip.
Similar to: Green-fronted Hummingbird. Violet-crowned Hummingbird has violet forehead; Green-fronted Hummingbird has green forehead.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2, 4) Jerry Oldenettel - New Mexico   3) Nebirdsplus - Arizona  



Genus Aphantochroa - 1 species

Hummingbird,_Sombre   Aphantochroa cirrochloris also Campylopterus cirrochloris  Found: Brazil
The Sombre Hummingbird has dull iridescent green upperparts; pale dusky underparts; slightly down-curved black bill.
Image by: 1) Cephas  1, 2, 3, 4) Dario Sanches - Brazil



Genus Campylopterus
Sabrewings have slightly down-curved black bill. The shafts of the male’s two outermost primary flight feathers are thickened, flattened and bent at an angle to give the distinctive sabre feature.

Sabrewing,_Buff-breasted  Campylopterus duidae  Found: mainly Venezuela; also Brazil
The Buff-breasted Sabrewing is very similar to the Rufous-breasted Sabrewing, but duller below, Ranges do not overla.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) hbw.com


Sabrewing,_Gray-breasted  Campylopterus largipennis  Found: Brazil and surrounding countries
The Gray-breasted Sabrewing has mainly gray plumage; duller below.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Nick Athanas - Brazil  3) Frah - Ecuador


Sabrewing,_Lazuline  Campylopterus falcatus  Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Venezuela
The Lazuline has mainly green abn blue plumage; rufous tail. Lazuline means palr blue.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Nick Athanas - Columbia  3) Andy Jones - Venezuela  4) Jerry_Oldenettel - Venezuela


Sabrewing,_Long-tailed  Campylopterus excellens  Found: southern Mexico
The Long-tailed Sabrewing is sometimes subspecies of the Wedge-tailed Sabrewing. Long-tailed Sabrewing is paler, larger, and male has longer tail.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas   2) Amy_McAndrews  3) Edgar_Miceli


Sabrewing,_Napo  Campylopterus villaviscensio  Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The male Napo Sabrewing has green crown; dark green upperparts; iridescent purple throat, breast. Female has green crown; dark green upperparts; mostly gray underparts.
Image by: 1)  Ana_Agreda - Ecuador  2) Eleanor_Briccetti - Ecuador  3) Nick Athanas - Ecuador


Sabrewing,_Rufous  Campylopterus rufus  ÏFound: El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico
The Rufous Sabrewing has metallic green upperparts;  rufous buff underparts.
Similar to: Cinnamon Hummingbird. Cinnamon Hummingbird has deeper rufous underparts than Rufous Sabrewing and also has a rufous tail. Cinnamon Hummingbird has mostly red bill; Rufous Sabrewing has black bill. Cinnamon Hummingbird has mostly red bill; Rufous Sabrewing has black bill.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Nick Athanas - Mexico  2) Dominic Sherony


Sabrewing,_Rufous-breasted  Campylopterus hyperythrus  Found: mainly Venezuela; also Brazil, Guyana
The Rufous-breasted Sabrwing has metallic green upperparts; cinnamon underparts; cinnamon-rufous outer tail feathers; relatively short bill for a sabrewing.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2, 3) Brendan Ryan - Venezuela  4) Nick Athanas - Venezuela


Sabrewing,_Santa_Marta  Campylopterus phainopeplus  Found: Santa Marta Mountains, in northeast Colombia
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) John_Gould  3) Marie-France GRENOUILLET
2) Pair 3) Female


Sabrewing,_Violet  Campylopterus hemileucurus  Found: southern Mexico to Panama
The male Violet Sabrewing has mostly violet plumage. Female has green upperparts; mostly light gray underparts; purple flanks.
Image by: 1) Brian Ralphs - Tilarán, Guanacaste, Costa Rica  2) Nick Athanas - Costa Rica
1) Female 2) Male


Sabrewing,_Wedge-tailed  Campylopterus curvipennis  Found: Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico
The Wedge-tailed Sabrewing has green upperparts; blue to violet crown; pale gray underparts; long wedge-shaped tail.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Dominic_Sherony - Belize  3) Jerry_Oldennettel - Guatemala


Sabrewing_White-tailed Campylopterus ensipennis  Found: northeast Venezuela, Tobago
The White-tailed Sabrewing has bright green plumage; shiny blue throat. Female similar but duller.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Steve Garvie



Genus Chalybura
Found in: Central America, northern South Americaq

Plumeleteer,_Bronze-tailed  Chalybura urochrysia  Found: Hondoras to Columbia and just into Ecuador
The Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer has pink feet; pinkish lower mandible.
Image by: 1) Hans Hillewaert - Costa Rica  2) Michael_Woodruff - Costa Rica  3) Nick Athanas - Panama


Plumeleteer,_White-vented  Chalybura buffonii  Found: Panama, Columbia, Venezuela 
The White-vented Plumeleteer  has mainly green plumage; some blue on throat, breast; bright white undertail-coverts.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2, 6) Nick Athanas - Ecuador, Panama  3) Jerry Oldenettel - Venezulea  4)  Dominic Sherony   5) Francesco Verones
2, 3, 4) Female   5, 6) Male
2) C.b. intermedia  6) C. b. micans



Genus Chlorestes - 1 species

Sapphire,_Blue-chinned  Chlorestes notata  Found: South America
The male Blue-chinned Sapphire has mainly green plumage; nearly straight bill with black upper mandible and lower reddish; blue throat, upper-tail.Female has white underparts with green spots.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Mike_and_Chris  3) Eduardo Skinner  4) Brendan_Ryan



Genus Chlorostilbon
The Emeralds are found in: Amazilia, Chlorostilbon, Elvira.

All species in this genus have straight black or black-and-red bills. The males are overall iridescent green, golden-green or bluish-green, and in some species the tail and/or throat is blue. The females have whitish-gray underparts, tail-corners and post-ocular streak.

Emerald,_Blue-tailed  Chlorostilbon mellisugus  Found: northern South America
The male Blue-tailed Emerald has mainly emerald green plumage; white thighs; blue hues visible sometimes in face and breast; iridescent blue tail. Female has lighter green upperparts; gray underparts; some green on flanks.
Similar to: Red-billed Emerald. Female Red-billed Emerald allmost identical to Blue-tailed Emerald.
Image by: 1, 3) Yannick_Turbe  2) Barloventomagico  - Venezuela 4) Nick Athanas - Peru 


Emerald,_Canivet's  Chlorostilbon canivetii  Found: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua
The male Canivet's Emerald has green upperparts; bluish-black tail. Female has white underparts; black side to face; white post eye-stripe.
Similar to: Garden Emerald. Male Garden Emerald has all black bill; Canivet's Emerald has orange-red bill with a dark tip.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Tom_Benson - Hondoras  3) Nick Athanas - Mexico


Emerald,_Chiribiquete  Chlorostilbon olivaresi  Found: southern Columbia
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) hbw.com


Emerald,_Coppery  Chlorostilbon russatus  Found: mainly Columbia; also Venezuela
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Nick Athanas - Columbia  3) Robert_Lewis
2) Female or juvenile male 3) Male


Emerald,_Cozumel  Chlorostilbon forficatus  Found: Cozumel off the coast of Mexico
The male Cozumel Emerald has mainly emerald green plumage; forked tail. Female also has forked tail, but much shorted than males. Female has emerald upperparts; gray underparts.
Image by: 1) dFaulder


Emerald,_Cuban  Chlorostilbon ricordii  Found: Cuba and 3 other islands
The male Cuban Emerald has mainly dark green plumage with coppery sparkles. Female has green upperparts; gray underparts. The Bee Hummingbird is the only other hummingbird on Cuba.
Image by: 1) katerina Chernetsova  2) Ruestz


Emerald,_Garden  Chlorostilbon assimilis  Found: Costa Rica, Panama
Similar to: Canivet's Emerald. Male Garden Emerald has all black bill; Canivet's Emerald has orange-red bill with a dark tip.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Andres_Hernandez - Panama  3) Alex Clark - Costa Rica


Emerald,_Glittering-bellied  Chlorostilbon lucidus  Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uraguay
The Glittering-bellied Emerald has an orange-red bill with a dark tip. Male has mainly shiny green plumage; blue throat, mid belly. Female has green upperparts; whitish underparts.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Nick Athanas - Brazil  3) Dario Sanches - Brazil  4) Marcos André   5) Saguzar   6) Ron_Knight
2, 3, 4) Female   5, 6, 7) Male



Emerald,_Gold-crowned  Chlorostilbon auriceps  Found: western Mexico
The male Gold-crowned Emerald has a long and deeply forked tail. Female Golden-crowned Emerald is similar to most other species of emerald, but does not overlap geographically with other Chlorostilbon.
Image by: 1, 2) Sean_Hoyer - Yelapa, Jalisco, Mexico  3) Francesco Veronesi
1) Female 2, 3) Male


Emerald,_Green-tailed   Chlorostilbon alice Found: Venezuela
Image by: 1) Cephas  2, 3) Tomás_Fernández  4) Nick Athanas - Venezuela  5) Margareta_Wieser
1) Juvenile 2, 3) Female 4) Male


Emerald,_Hispaniolan  Chlorostilbon swainsonii  Found: Dominican Republic, Haiti
The male Hispaniolna Emerald has mainly green plumage; pink lower mandible. Female has green upperparts; gray underparts; There are only 2 other hummingbird species on the island. The larger Antillean Mango (Anthracothorax dominicus) and the smaller Vervain Hummingbird (Mellisuga minima).
Image by: 1) Carlos De Soto Molinari  2, 3) ZankaM  - Dominican Republic
1) Juvenile and mother   2, 3) Male


Emerald,_Narrow-tailed  Chlorostilbon stenurus  Found: Columbia, Venezuela
The Narrow-tailed Emerald is very similar to the Short-tailed Emerald, but hey are almost always found above the range of the Short-tailed Emerald.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) hbw.com


Emerald,_Puerto_Rican  Chlorostilbon maugeaeus   Found: Puerto Rico
The male Puerto Rican Emerald has mainly green plumage; blue throat patch; dark wings and tail. Female has green upperparts; whitish underparts.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Rafy_Rodriguez  4) Dick Daniels in Puerto Rico - probably not Puerto Rican Emerald because of white-tipped tail.


Emerald,_Red-billed  Chlorostilbon gibsoni  Found: Columbia, Venezuela
The male Red-billed Emerald green plumage; red lower bill; bluish-black tail
Similar to: Blue-tailed Emerald. Female Red-billed Emerald allmost identical to Blue-tailed Emeralds.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2, 4) Nick Athanas - Columbia  3) Ron_Knight - Columbia  4) Neil Orlando Diaz Martinez


Emerald,_Short-tailed Chlorostilbon poortmani  Found: Colubia, Venezuela
Both sexes are nearly identical to Narrow-tailed Emerald in appearance (Chlorostilbon stenurus).
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Andrés Ceballos V. - Columbia  3) Felix_Uribe - Columbia


Emerald,_Western  Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus  Found: Columbia, Ecuador
The male Western Emerald has mainly sparkling bronzy-green plumage. Female has green upperparts; gray uinderparts.
Image by: 1) Cephas   2, 5) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  3) Alan_Cassidy - Ecuador  4) Michael_Woodruff
2) Female 3, 4, 5) Male



Genus Chrysuronia - 1 species

Sapphire,_Golden-tailed Chrysuronia oenoneFound: Venezuela to Bolivia
The Golden-tailed Sapphire has a golden-rufous tail.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Nick Athanas - Peru  3) Dick_Culbert - Ecuador  4, 5) Barloventomagico - Venezuela




Genus Cyanophaia - 1 species

Hummingbird,_Blue-headed  Cyanophaia bicolor  Found: Dominica, Martinique
The male Blue-headed Hummingbird has greenish-blue plumage; blue head.
Image by: 1) Don_Faulkner



Genus Cynanthus

Hummingbird,_Broad-billed Cynanthus latirostris Found: southwest United States to Mexico
Similar to: White-eared Hummingbird. White-eared Hummingbird has a white "ear"; Broad-billed Hummingbird does not. Broad-billed Hummingbird has a wider bill.
Image by: 1) Cephas 2) Elaine R Wilson - Arizona   3) Dick - Arizona  4) Alan D Wilson   5, 6, 7) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo   8) Sandy Cole - San Diego Zoo 
1) Female  2) Juvenile male  3- 7) Male


Hummingbird,_Dusky  Cynanthus sordidus  Found: Mexico
The Dusky Hummingbird has a whitish post-eye streak. Male has red bill tipped with black. Female can be confused with female Broad-billed Hummingbird.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Jerry_Oldenettel



Genus Damophila - 1 species

Hummingbird,_Violet-bellied  Damophila julie Found: Panama, Columbia, Ecuador
The Violet-bellied Hummingbird has iridescent green upperparts. Male has bright violet underparts. Female has pale gray underparts.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2, 3) Nick Athanas - Panama  4) Dave Curtis - Panama



Genus Elvira
The Emeralds are found in: Amazilia, Chlorostilbon, Elvira.

Emerald,_Coppery-headed  Elvira cupreiceps  Found: Costa Rica
The male Coppery-headed Emerald has coppery crown and rump; green belly; white rump. Female has whitish underparts.
Image by: 1) ChrisHodgesUK  2) Tom_Lenz  3) Nick Athanas
1) Female 2, 3) Male


Emerald,_White-tailed  Elvira chionura  Found: Costa Rica, Panama
The White-tailed Emerald has green upperparts; black tips to outer tail feathers.
Image by: 1) Miguel - Panama  2) Nick Athanas - Panama
1) Female 2) Male



Genus Eupetomena - 1 species

Hummingbird,_Swallow-tailed   Eupetomena macroura  Found: South America
The Swallow-tailed Hummingbird has mainly green upperparts; blue head, throat, upper-breast, vent; white leg puffs; deeply forked tail.
Image by: 1,  2 ) Dario Sanches in Brazil  3) Nick Athanas - Brazil



Genus Eupherusa
Species of Eupherusa are medium sized hummingbirds with straight black bills and square-tipped tails; all species also have extensive white in the tail, and a rufous wing patch.

Hummingbird,_Black-bellied  Eupherusa nigriventris  Found: Costa Rica, Panama
The Black-bellied Hummingbird has bronzy-green upperparts. Male has black crown, most of underparts; white lower-belly, vent. Female has light gray underparts.
Similar to: Stripe-tailed Hummingbird. Male Black-bellied Hummingbird has much more black on the underparts than Stripe-tailed Hummingbird. Female Stripe-tailed Hummingbird has more conspicuous rufous wing patch.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Raul_Vega  3) Francesco_Veronesi - Costa Rica  Pat1479 - Costa Rica
2) Female 3, 4, 5) Male


Hummingbird,_Blue-capped  Eupherusa cyanophrys  Found: Sierra Miahuatlán mountains of Oaxaca, Mexico
The male Blue-capped Hummingbird has a bluish forecrown. Female essentially identical to female White-tailed Hummingbird.
Image by: 1) Francesco_Veronesi  2) Amy_McAndrews


Hummingbird_Stripe-tailed  Eupherusa eximia  Found: southern Mexico to Panama
Similar to: Black-bellied Hummingbird. Male Black-bellied Hummingbird has much more black on the underparts than Stripe-tailed Hummingbird. Female Stripe-tailed Hummingbird has more conspicuous rufous wing patch.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Brendan_Ryan  3) Nick Athanas  4) Alan_Cherry


Hummingbird,_White-tailed_  Eupherusa poliocerca  Found: southwest Mexico
The White-tailed Hummingbird has green upperparts. Male has green central tail feathers, rest white. Female has  pale gray face, underparts; green tail.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Steven_Davies  3) Nick Athanas



Genus Goethalsia - 1 species

Hummingbird,_Pirre Goethalsia bella Found: Columbia, Panama
The Pirre Hummingbird has green upperparts; straight bill; cinnamon-buff tail with green central feathers. Male has rufous-chestnut forecrown, lores chin; green underparts. Female has rufous-buff throat; whitish belly.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2, 3) Andrew_Spencer
2) Female 3) Male



Genus Goldmania - 1 species

Hummingbird,_Violet-capped    Goldmania violiceps Found: northwest Columbia, eastern Panama
The Violet-capped Hummingbird has mainly green plumage; iridescent violet crown. Female last the vivid crown and has dull grayish  underparts.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2, 3) Dave Curtis - Panama



Genus Hylocharis
Hylocharis are medium sized hummingbirds with straight bills that are bright red, with a black tip, and that are broad at the base. The sexes are similar in pattern, but females are duller in color.

Goldentail,_Blue-throated  Hylocharis eliciae Found: Mexico, Central Amercia
The male Blue-throated Goldentail has green upperparts, crown; golden greenish-gold tail; bluish throat; dirty buff underparts; flanks mottled with green. Female has blue throat mixed with grayish buff; paler belly than male.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) elisabeth_tonglet - Costa Rica  3) Alan_Harper - Honduras


Hummingbird,_White-eared Hylocharis leucotis also Basilinna leucotis Found:southwest North America and Central America
The White-eared Hummingbird has mainly green upperparts, breast; white post-eye stripe; mainly white under-tail coverts. Male has metallic turquoise throat; black face. Female duller than male.
Similar to
: Broad-billed Hummingbird. White-eared Hummingbird has a white "ear"; Broad-billed Hummingbird does not. Broad-billed Hummingbird has a wider bill.
Image by: 1) ) Cephas  2, 6) nebirdsplus - Arizona  3) Jerry Oldenettel - Mexico  4) Dominic Sherony  5) Seabamirum 


Hummingbird,_Xantus's  Hylocharis xantusii Found: Baja California
The Xantus's Hummingbird has green upperparts, nape; dull green crown; broad white line behind eye. Male has red bill with black tip; black forehead, face; bright green throat; cinnamon underparts. Female has black upper mandible, lower red; pale cinnamon throat, underparts.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) marlin_harms  3) Amy McAndrews
2, 3) Male


Sapphire,_Blue-headed  Hylocharis grayi Found: Columbia; Ecuador
Similar to: Humboldt's Sapphire .Humboldt's Sapphire usually remains below 50 meter; Blue-headed Sapphiire between 500-2000 meters. The male Blue-headed Sapphire has blue on the upper head and throat than the Humboldt's Sapphire. Female Humboldt's Sapphire has whiter underparts than Blue-headed Sapphire.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2, 4) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  4) Alejandro_Tamayo  5) Mateo_gable - Columbika


Sapphire,_Gilded  also    Gilded Hummingbird Hylocharis chrysura   Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uraguay
The Gilded Sapphire has golden-green upperparts; whitish buff underparts; red bill with black tip.
Image by: 1) Cephas   2) Nick Athanas  3) Lip_Kee - Argentina  4) Dario Sanches - Brazil  5) Cristiano Crolle - Argentina 


Sapphire,_Humblodt's  Hylocharis humboldtii Found: mainly Columbia; also Ecuador, Panama
Similar to: Blue-headed Sapphire. Humboldt's Sapphire usually remains below 50 meter; Blue-headed Sapphiire between 500-2000 meters. The male Blue-headed Sapphire has blue on the upper head and throat than the Humboldt's Sapphire. Female Humboldt's Sapphire has whiter underparts than Blue-headed Sapphire.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Trevor_Ellery


Sapphire,_Rufous-throated Hylocharis sapphirina Found: South America
The Rufous-throated Sapphire has bluish-green upperparts, head; blue throat; rufous throat; red bill with black tip; red tail.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2, 3) Arthur_Grosset


Sapphire,_White-chinned Hylocharis cyanus  Found: South America
The male White-chinned Sapphire only has a little white on it chin, most is blue. Both sexes have a dark blue tail.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2, 3) Dario Sanches  - Brazil  4) Nick Athanas



Genus Klais - 1 species

Hummingbird,_Violet-headed  Klais guimeti  Found: Central America and northern South America
The male Violet-headed Hummingbird hasbluish-green back; violet head, throat; green breast; gray belly.Female has green back; blue cap; gray throat, underparts.
Image by: 1, 4) Nick Athanas  - Ecuador  2, 3) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica



Genus Lepidopyga

Hummingbird,_Sapphire-bellied Lepidopyga lilliae Found: Columbia
The male Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird has nlue-green upperparts; black and almost straight upper mandible; pinkish-red lower mandible with black tip; dark blue underparts; glittering purple gorget.
Image by: 1) Cephas 2, 3) Nick Athanas
2, 3) Male


Hummingbird,_Sapphire-throated Lepidopyga coeruleogularis Found: Panama, Columbia
The male Sapphire-throated Hummingbird has mainly metallic green plumage; violet-blue throat, upper-breast; dark tail. Female has white underparts with green spots.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2, 3) Nick Athanas  4) Alejandro_Tamayo


Hummingbird,_Shining-green Lepidopyga goudoti Found: Columbia, Venezuela
Image by: 1) Cephas



Genus Leucippus

Hummingbird,_Buffy  Leucippus fallax Found: mainly Venezuela; also Columbia
The Buffy Hummingbird has dull green upperparts; pale cinnamon-buffy underparts; white under-tail coverts.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Nick Athanas - Columbia  3) The_Photographer - Venezuela


Hummingbird,_Olive-spotted  Leucippus chlorocercus Found: Brazil, Ecuador, Peru
The Olive-spotted Hummingbird has dull greenish-olive upperparts; whitish underparts with scattered greenish flecks on throat, flanks.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Kelley Sampeck


Hummingbird,_Spot-throated  Leucippus taczanowskii Found: northwest Peru
The Spot-throated Hummingbird has dull green upperparts; dirty white underparts; small dark speckles on throat.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Richard_Gibbons


Hummingbird,_Tumbes  Leucippus baeri Found: mainly Peru; also Ecuador
The Tumbes Hummingbird has dull green upperparts; off-white underparts; black and slightly down-curved bill.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Jorge_Montejo - Peru  3, 4) Nick Athanas - Peru


Hummingbird,_White-throated  Leucochloris albicollis Found: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguray, Uraguay
The White-throated Hummingbird has iridescent green upperpats; white throat, collar, belly; green rest of underparts.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Dario_Sanches - Brazil  3) Nick Athanas   4) Claudio_Timm - Brazil 5) Dario Sanches - Brazil  6) Rodrigo Moraes - Brazil  7) Cristiano Crolle - Argentina




Genus Microchera - 1 species

Hummingbird,_Snowcap Microchera albocoronataFound: Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
The male Snowcap Hummingbird purple or bronze iridescent upperparts; dark underparts; whit crown. Female has green upperparts; white underpartts. Juvenile male has white underparts with dark center stripe. This is a small hummingbird.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Tom_Benson - Costa Rica  3) Carol_Foil - Costa Rica  4) Nick Athanas - Costa Rica
2) Juvenile male



Genus Orthorhyncus - 1 species

Hummingbird, Antillean Crested  Orthorhyncus cristatus    Found: The Caribbean
Image by:  1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - Puerto Rico   4) New Jersy Birds



Genus Phaeochroa - 1 species

Hummingbird,_Scaly-breasted  Phaeochroa cuvierii  Found: Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, MX, Nicaragua, Panama
The Scaly-breasted Hummingbird is a fairly large, unadorned hummingbird that is often included within the genus Campylopterus, the sabre-wings, due to the presence of a flattened-shaft on the outer primaries.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Nick Athanas - Panama  3) Francesco_Veronesi - Costa Rica



Genus Selasphorus

Hummingbird,_Glow-throated  Selasphorus ardens  Found: Panama
The male Glow-throated Hummingbird has bronzy-green upperparts; pinkish-red gorget bordered by white collar on front of neck; mostly black tail.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) John_Gerrard_Keulemans


Hummingbird, Allen's Selasphorus sasin Found: west USA to Mexico
The gorget (throat) of the male usually appears black, but shows red via the right light.
Similar to: Broad-tailed Hummingbird. Female Allen's and female Broad-tailed hummingbirds are similar. Broad-tailed Hummingbird has a broader tail.
Similar to: Calliope Hummingbird.  Females and juveniles of these species are similar. Calliope Hummingbird is smaller. Allen's Hummingbird has more distinct rufous markings on tail.
Similar to: Rufous Hummingbird. Male Allen's Hummingbird has green back; male Rufous Hummingbird usually has a rufous back (sometimes green). Female Allen's very similar to female Rufous.
Image by:  1) Asicnewbie  2) Paul McGuire   3) Vickie Rogers - California  4)  Len Blumin - California 
1, 2) Female  3, 4) Male


Hummingbird, Broad-tailed  Selasphorus platycercusFound:  North America
Similar to: Allen's Hummingbird. Female Allen's and female Broad-tailed hummingbirds are similar. Broad-tailed Hummingbird has a wider tail.
Image by:1) Cephas  2) Danorton    3) Sandy Cole - Butterfly World, Florida  4, 5) Dick Daniels - Butterfly World      6) Chuck Roberts - Colorado  7) Dick - Desert Museum aviary in Tuscon, Arizona
2, 3, 4) Female  5, 6, 7) Male



Hummingbird,_Calliope  Selasphorus calliope  Found: west North America
Similar to: Allen's Hummingbird, Rufous Hummingbird.  Females and juveniles of these species are similar. Calliope Hummingbird is smaller. Allen's and Rufuous Hummingbirds have more distinct rufous markinngs on tail.
Image by:  1) Clark Miller   2) Wolfgang Wander  3) Ted Grussing - Sedona, AZ    4) Jerry Oldenettel -New Mexico  5) Doug Olberding 6) Jeremy Yoder - Idaho  7) Len Blumin 
1) Juvenile 2, 3, 4) Female  5, 6, 7) Male



Hummingbird, Rufous Selasphorus rufus   Found: west North America
The gorget (throat) of the male usually appears black, but shows red via the right light.
Similar to: Allen's Hummingbird. Male Allen's Hummingbird has green back; male Rufous Hummingbird usually has a rufous back (sometimes green). Female Allen's very similar to female Rufous.
Similar to: Calliope Hummingbird.  Females and juveniles of these species are similar. Calliope Hummingbird is smaller. Rufuous Hummingbird has more distinct rufous markings on tail
Image by:  1) Sberardi   2, 3) Brendan Lally   4) Dean Biggins, USFWS   5) Dick Daniels in California  6) Rick Leche  7) Sandy Cole - Butterfly World, Florida
1, 2, 3) Female  4, 5, 6, 7) Male  



Hummingbird,_Scintillant  Selasphorus scintilla  Found: Costa Rica, Panama
The male Scintillant Hummingbird has bronze-green upperparts; orange-red throat, upper-breast; rufous and black-striped tail; white spot behind eyes; mostly straight bill. Female similar to male with spotted throat.
Image by: 1, 2 Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica  3, 4) Patty McGann - Panama   5) Len Blumin - Costa Rica  6) Matt MacGillvray - Costa Rica    7, 9) Dick Daniels - Boquette, Panama  8)  Nick Athanas - Costa Rica




Hummingbird,_Volcano  Selasphorus Flammula Found: Costa Rica, western Panama
The Volcano Humming bird has dark olive-green upperparts; white underparts; white spot behind eye; straight red bill with black tip. Color of the male's throat is subspecies dependent - gray-purple, pink-purple, or red. Female has white throat with dusky spots, white-tipped tail.
Similar to: Snowy-bellied Hummingbird. Volcano Hummingbird has white breast, belly; Snowy-bellied Hummingbird has green upper-breast; white lower-breast, belly.
Image by: 1) Cephas 2) Gail Hampshire - Costa Rica  3) Greg Gilbert - Costa Rica    5)  Jerry Oldenettel - Mirador de Quetzals, Costa Rica  4, 6, 7) Dick Daniels - Boquette, Panama  8) Nick Athanas - Costa Rica





Genus Stephanoxis
The Green-crowned Plovercrest and Violet-crowned Plovercrest were previously considered one species, the Plovercrest (Stephanoxis lalandi).

Plovercrest,_Green-crowned  Stephanoxis lalandi  Found: Brazil
The male Green-crowned Plovercrest has mainly green plumage; green crown, crest; violet breast. Female similar but has a shorter crest and dull white underparts.
Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches - São Paulo, Brazil  3) Nick Athanas - Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil


Plovercrest,_Violet-crowned  Stephanoxis loddigesii  Found: Brazil
The male Violet-crowned Plovercrest has mainly green plumage; violet crown, crest, throat, breast. Female similar but has a shorter crest and dull white underparts.
Image by: 1) Carlos_Henrique  2) Brendan_Ryan  3) Nick Athanas - São Paulo state, Brazil.



Genus Taphrospilus - 1 species

Hummingbird,_Many-spotted  Taphrospilus hypostictus Found: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
The Many-spotted Hummingbird is so named beause ot the many spots on the its pale underparts.
Similar to: Violet-fronted Brilliant.   Violet-fronted Brilliant has small white patch below eye; Many-spotted Hummingbird does not.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Nick Athanas - Ecuador   3) Joao_Quental - Peru



Genus Thalurania

Woodnymph,_Emerald-bellied  also Crowned Woodnymph  Thalurania colombica hypochlora  Found: mainly Ecuador; also Peru
The male Emerald-bellied Woodnymph has mainly green plumage. Female has green upperparts; gray underparts.
The Emerald-bellied Woodnymph, Green-crowned Woodnymph, and Violet-crowned Woodnymph are also considered to be subspecies of the Crowned Woodnymph.
Image by: 1) 2) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  2) Francesco_Veronesi - Ecuador
2) Male


Woodnymph,_Fork-tailed  Thalurania furcata  Found: Brazil and neighboring countries
The male Fork-tailed Woodnymph has a forked tail. Female has light gray underparts.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Fernando Fernandes da Silva  3) Hector Bottai  4) Nick Athanas - Ecuador


Woodnymph,_Green-crowned  Thalurania fannyi  Found: Panama, Columbia, Ecuador
The male Green-crowned Woodnymph has green crown, nape.
The Emerald-bellied Woodnymph, Green-crowned Woodnymph, and Violet-crowned Woodnymph are also considered to be subspecies of the Crowned Woodnymph.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2, 3) Nick Athanas  4) Lip_kee - Ecuador
2) Female  3, 4) Male


Woodnymph,_Long-tailed  Thalurania watertonii  Found: eastern Brazi
lImage by: 1) Cephas  2) Ciro_Albano  3) Nick Athanas
2) Female 3) Male


Woodnymph,_Mexican  Thalurania ridgwayi  Found: western Mexico
Thw male Mexican Woodnymph has mainly green plumage; violet-blue forehead patch; bluish-black slightly forked tail. Female has green upperparts; darker tail, wings; largely grayish underparts.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2, 3) Moore Laboratory


Woodnymph,_Violet-capped  Thalurania glaucopis  Found: southern Brazil Parguay, Uraguay
The male Violet-capped Woodnymph has dark green upperparts; bluish-violet cap; mainly green underparts with blue speckles. Female has dark green upperparts; off-white underparts.
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4) Dario Sanches - Brazil  5) Nick Athanas - Brazil
1) Female 2 - 6) Male


Woodnymph,_Violet-crowned also Crowned Woodnymph  Thalurania colombica  Found: South America
The Emerald-bellied Woodnymph, Green-crowned Woodnymph, and Violet-crowned Woodnymph are also considered to be subspecies of the Crowned Woodnymph.
Image by: 1) Peter_Nijenhuis - Costa Rica  2, 3, 6) Nick Athanas  4) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica 
1, 2) Female 3, 4, 5) Male
2, 3, 4) T. c. venusta   5) T. c. colombica



Genus Trochilus
Found in: Jamaica

Streamertail, Black-billed  Trochilus scitulus  Found: Jamaica
Image by: Dominic Sherony


Streamertail, Red-billed  Trochilus polytmus  Found: Jamaica
Image by:  1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8)  Dick Daniels - Lime Tree Farm, Blue Mountains, Jamaica    9, 10) Dick - Rockland Feeding Station, Jamaica
1 - 4) Female 5 - 10) Male





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