BIRDS of THE WORLD - An Online Bird Book


Order Sphenisciformes - 1 family   Family Spheniscidae

Except for captive situations, penguins are not found in northern hemisphere. Their rigid flippers, movable on at the shoulder, let them "fly" under water. Their feet are webbed and are used as rudders. But the feet are not well designed for walkng onvland.

Genus Aptenodytes

Penguin,_Emperor  Aptenodytes forsteri   Found: Antarctica
The King Penguin has bright orang and whitee nape patch; pinkish marking along lower mandible; white underparts.
Similar to: King Peguin. The Emperor Penguin is larger than the King Penguin. King Penguin has has orange nape patch; King Penguin has whitish orange nape patch.
Image by: 1) Enzo_Fiorelli  2) Ian_Duffy  3) Samuel Blanc  4) Dbush  5) Glenn Grant  6) Christopher_Michel

Penguin,_King  Aptenodytes patagonicus   Found: Antarctica (coast), neighboring islands
The King Penguin has bright orange nape patch; orange marking along lower mandible; white underparts.
Similar to: Emperor Peguin. The Emperor Penguin is larger than the King Penguin. King Penguin has has orange nape patch; King Penguin has whitish orange nape patch.
Image by: 1) Liam Quinn    2) Ben Tubby - West Falkland  3) Anniolek  4) Samuel Blanc  5) Lin_Padgham 

Genus Eudyptes

Penguin,_Erect-crested  Eudyptes sclateri  Found: New Zealand
The Erect-crested Penquin has black upperparts, upper-breast; rest underparts white; broad, bright yellow eyebrow-stripe extends over the eye to form a short, erect crest.
Image by: 1) John_Gerrard_Keulemans  2) Mederic

Penguin,_Fiordland  Eudyptes pachyrhynchus  Found: New Zealand
The Fiordland Penguin has dark bluish-gray upperparts; darker head; white underparts; yellow eyebrow-stripe which extends over the eye and drops down the neck. Most have three to six whitish stripes on the face.
Image by: 1) P_Khoo  2) Jake_Osborne  3) C00ch

Penguin,_Macaroni  Eudyptes chrysolophus  Found: from the Subantarctic to the Antarctic Peninsula
The Marcaroni Penguin has black upperparts, head; white underparts; yellow crest.
Image by: 1) Liam_Quinn  2, 3) Jerzy_Strzelecki  4) Andrew_Shiva

Penguin,_Northern Rockhopper  also  Moseley's Penguin  Eudyptes moseleyi  Found: Australasia (rare), Madagascar (rare)
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Brian Gratwicke  4) Arjan Haverkamp

Penguin,_Royal  Eudyptes schlegeli  Found: sub-Antarctic Macquarie Island and adjacent islands
The Royal Penguin has black upperparts, crown; white face, throat, underparts; yellow crest.
Image by: 1, 2) M. Murphy  3, 4) Natalie_Tapson

Penguin,_Snare's  Eudyptes robustus   Found: The Snares - islands off New Zealand
The Snare's Penguin has black upperparts, head, flippers; white underparts; yellowish crest beginning at base of bill; reddish-brown bill.
Image by: 1) Thomas Mattern - Snare's Islands  2) Ted_van_den_Bergh  3) lin_padgham

Penguin,_Southern Rockhopper  Eudyptes chrysocome   Found: Antarctica, Falkland Islands, islands of Argentina and southern Chile
The Southern Rockhopper Penguin has slate-gray upperparts; yellow eye-brows ending in long yellowish plumes; red eyes. It is the smallest rockhopper penguin.
Image by: 1) Samuel Blanc  2) Stan_Shebs  3) Liam_Quinn  4) Nik_Borrow

Genus Pygoscelis

Penguin,_Adelie  Pygoscelis adeliae Found: Antarctica (coast), neighboring islands
The Adelie Penguin has black upperparts; white eye-ring; white feathers at base of bill; white underparts.
Image by: 1) Claudio_Timm  2) Dr. Wayne Trivelpiece  2) Jason Auch  3) Andrew_Shiva  4) Liam_Quinn

Penguin,_Chinstrap  Pygoscelis antarcticus   Found: Antarctica (coast), neighboring islands
The Chinstrap Penquin has black upperparts; white on face extends well behind eyes; black head, chin-strap; white underparts; black bill; pink feet.
Image by: 1) Sharon_Fisher  2) Gilad Rom  3) Jason Auch   4) Andrew_Shiva - South Shetland Islands  5) David_Cook - South Shetland Islands

Penguin,_Gentoo  Pygoscelis papua   Found: Antactica, South America
The Gentoo Penguin has wide white head stripe; orange-red bill; whitish-pink feet; long tail for a penguin.
Image by: 1) Ben Tubby   2) Zee Evans   3) Jerzy Strzelecki  4) Charlie Westerinen - Port Lockroy. Antarctica  5) Cláudio Timm - Beagle Channel, Argentina  6) Andrew_Shiva - Tabarin Peninsula  Liam_Quinn

Genus Spheniscus

Penguin,_African also Jackass Penguin Spheniscus demersus   Found: Africa (southern)
The African Penguin has black upperparts; black breast-band exteds along flanks; some small black spots on breast; white rest of underparts.
Image by: 1, 5, 7, 8) Dick Daniels - South Africa   2, 3, 4) Sandy Cole near Cape Town, South Africa
     6) Sandy - South Africa   9) Dick Daniels - National Aviary 

Penguin,_Galapagos  Spheniscus mendiculus   Found: Galapagos Islands, Fernandina Island, and Isabela Island
The Galapagos Penguin has black-gray upperparts; whitsh underparts; two black breast bands. It is the second smallest penquin.
Image by: 1) putneymark  2) Richard Jenkinson  3) Charles_J_Sharp  4) David_Cook

Penguin,_Humboldt  Spheniscus humboldti   Found: South America
The Humboldt Penquin has black upperparts; black head with white supercilium extends in arc to breast; black breast band extends to flanks; small black spots on white breast.
Image by: 1) NRG800  2) ipfreaks - Tierpark Berlin, Germany  3) Wilfried Wittkowsky  4) Pelican - Asahiyama zoo, Asahikawa, Japan 5, 6, 7, 8) Dick Daniels - Woodland Park Zoo, Seattle

Penguin,_Magellanic Spheniscus magellanicus   Found: South America
The Magellanic Penquin has black upperparts; black head with broad white boarder; 2 black breast bands, the lower extends to the flanks; white rest of underparts.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) dFaulder - Peninsula Valdes, Argentina  4) Guglielmo Celata - Chile  5) Linda_De_Volder - Patragonia

Penguin,_Little Blue  also Little Penguin  Eudyptula minor   Found: Australia, New Zealand
The Little Blue Penuin has blue upperparts; white underparts; gray ear-coverts; gray-black bill; pink feet.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - the Antarctic Center in NZ   4, 5) JJ Harrison - Tasmania, Australia

Penguin,_Yellow-eyed  Megadyptes antipodes   Found: New Zealand (southern) and the environs
Image by:1) Ville Miettinen  2) Christian Mehlführer

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