BIRDS of THE WORLD - An Online Bird Book


The order Bucerotiformes contains the hornbills, hoopoe and woodhoopoes.


Order Bucerotiformes   Family Phoeniculidae

Genus Phoeniculus

Woodhoopoe,_Black-billed  Phoeniculus somaliensis Found: east Africa
The Black-billed Woodhoopoe has mainly black plumage with purple gloss; row of white dots on flight feathers; black bill.
Similar to: Green Woodhoopoe. Black-billed Woodhoopoe has black bill; Green Woodhoopoe has red bill.
Image by: 1) Herbert_Goodchild  2) Nik_Borrow - Ethiopia

Woodhoopoe,_Forest  Phoeniculus castaneiceps Found: Africa
Image by: 1) John_Gerrard_Keulemans  2) Nik_Borrow - Uganda

WoodHoopoe,_Green  also  Green Wood Hoopee  Phoeniculus purpureus  Found: Africa
The Green Woodhoopoe has metallic dark green plumage with purple back; long white-marked tail; long curved red bill.
Similar to: Black-billed Woodhoopoe. Black-billed Woodhoopoe has black bill; Green Woodhoopoe has red bill.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - North Carolina Zoo  2, 3, 4) Dick - San Diego Zoo  5) Kevin O'Grady - Ghana  6) Derek_Keats - South Africa 7) Jerry_Oldenettel - Namibia

Woodhoopoe,_Violet  Phoeniculus damarensis Found: Angola, Kenya, Namibia, Tanzania
Image by: 1) Herbert_Goodchild  2) Ian_White - Angola 3) Jerry_Oldenettel - Namibia

Woodhoopoe,_White-headed  Phoeniculus bollei Found: Africa
Image by: 1) John_Gerrard_Keulemans  2) Antti_Seelaff

Genus Rhinopomastus
They are smaller than most woodhoopoes and their bills are strongly curved like a scimitar, giving them their name. They are mostly glossy black in colour with a few white markings on the wings. While other woodhoopoes are gregarious birds which gather in flocks, the scimitarbills are usually seen alone or in pairs.

Scimitar-bill,_Abyssinian   Rhinopomastus minor  Found: Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda
Image by: 1) Peter_Steward

Scimitar-bill,_Black   Rhinopomastus aterrimus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Francesco_Veronesi - Gambia

Scimitar-bill,_Common   Rhinopomastus cyanomelas  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Yathin_Krishnappa  2) Steve_Garvie  3) Ian_White - Zimbabwe  4) Lip_kee - Botswana
1) Juvenile


Order Bucerotiformes    Family Upupidae - 1 genus

Genus Upupa - 1 species

Hoopoe  also  Eurasain Hoopoe  Upupa epops   Found: Europe, Asia, Africa
The Hoopoe has a long thing bill with fawn base; black-and-white lower back and wings; impressive creast. The call is oop-oop-opp from which comes the name.
The African Hoopoe is now considered to be a subspecies, U. e. africana, not a separated species.
Image by:  1) Imran_Shah - Pakistan  2) Dick Daniels - Fish Eagle Lodge, Knysna Lagoon  3) J. M. Garg 
     4) Dick near Kruger National Park, South Africa 5) Charlie Westerinen - Cambodia  6) Andy_Morffew - Hungary

Hoopoe,_Madagascar Upupa marginata  Found: Madagascar
The Madagascar Hoopoe is very similar to the Upupa epops Hoopoe and is consider by some to be a subspecies. It does have different vocalizations.
Image by: 1) David Cook  2) Pat and Keith Taylor - Ankarafantsika National Park  3) Alan_Harper  4) Jerry_Oldenettel

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