] BIRDS of THE WORLD - An Online Bird Book


Order Passeriformes    Family Dicaeidae

The family of flowerpeckers is similar to the Sunbirds, and probably closely related. They are found in tropical southern Asia and Australasia. They are often dull in color, although in several species the males have brightly patterned crimson or glossy-black plumage.

Flowerpeckers are stout birds, with short necks and legs. These are small birds ranging from the 10-18 cm. Flowerpeckers have short tails, short thick curved bills and tubular tongues. The latter features reflect the importance of nectar in the diet of many species.. They also take berries, spiders and insects. Many species eat mistletoes berries.

Genus Dicaeum

Flowerpecker,_Andaman  Dicaeum virescens  Found: Andaman Islands (in Indian Ocean between India and Thailand)
Image by: 1) Balaji Venkatesh Sivaramakrishnan   2, 3) Brian_Ralphs

Flowerpecker,_Ashy  Dicaeum vulneratum   Found: Indonesia
it occurs on Seram, Ambon and nearby islands
Image by: 1) Dubi_Shapiro

Flowerpecker,_Bicolored  Dicaeum bicolor  Found: Philippines
Image by: 1, 2) Neon Rosell
1) Female 2) Male

Flowerpecker,_Black-belted  also   Visayan Flowerpecker  Dicaeum haematostictum  Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) Annie Espera  2) Pinned

Flowerpecker,_Black-fronted   Dicaeum igniferum   Found: Lesser Sunda Islands in Indonesia
Image by: 1) Marcel_Hollyoak

Flowerpecker,_Black-sided  Dicaeum monticolum  Found: Borneo (Indonesia, Malaysia)
Image by: 1) Wayne Hodgkinson  2) Dave Irving  3) Teerapol_Thongphet
1) Female  2, 3) Male

Flowerpecker,_Blood-breasted  Dicaeum sanguinolentum  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4) Lip Kee Yap - Java, Indonesia
1, 2) Female   3) Male

Flowerpecker,_Brown-backed   Dicaeum everetti  Found: Indonesia, Malaysia
Image by: 1) Andy Foo

Flowerpecker,_Buru also Flame-breasted Flowerpecker  Dicaeum erythrothorax   Found: Buru of Moluccas Indonesia
The Halmahera Flowerpecker was previously considered a subspecies of the Buru Flowerpecker/
Image by: 1) Michael_Poulsen

Flowerpecker,_Buzzing also White-bellied Flowepecker  Dicaeum hypoleucum  Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) Pinned  2) Joseph Smit   3) Jon Hornbuckle

Flowerpecker,_Cebu  Dicaeum quadricolor   Found: Cebu Island in the Philippines
The Cebu Flowerpecker is close to extinction. Male has glossy blue-black head, sides of neck, wings, tail; reddish rest of upperparts; pale yellow underparts. Female has white underparts.
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Pinned

Flowerpecker,_Crimson-crowned  Dicaeum nehrkorni  Found: island of Sulawesi in Indonesia
Image by: 1) Simon_van_der_Meulen  2) Batin Tuwuilu  3) Ingo_Waschkies  4) Stijn De Win

Flowerpecker,_Fire-breasted  Dicaeum ignipectus  Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines
The male Fire-breasted Flowerpecker has glossy blue-black upperparts; buffy underparts with red breast zzzzzzfpatch and black belly stripe. Female has olive upperparts; buffy underparrt. Both have small dark bill.
Image by: 1, 2) Hiyashi_Haka  3) John and Fish 4) Francesco Veronesi - Malaysia 
1) Female 2, 3, 4) Male

Flowerpecker,_Flame-crowned  Dicaeum anthonyi  Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi

Flowerpecker,_Golden-rumped  Dicaeum annae Found: Lesser Sunda Islands (Indonesia)
Image by: 1) Simon van der Meulen

Flowerpecker,_Gray-sided  Dicaeum celebicum   Found: Indonesia
Similar to: Wakatobi Flowerpecker.
Image by: 1, 3) Kelly et al  3) John Tasirin  4) Francesco Veronesi
1, 2) Female 3, 4) Male

Flowerpecker,_Halmahera   Dicaeum schistaceiceps   Found: Halmahera in Indonesia
Image by: 1) Josep del Hoyo

Flowerpecker,_Louisade   Dicaeum nitidum   Found: New Guinea
The male Louisade Flowerpecker has mainly brownish-gray upperparts; red breast patch, rump.
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova  2) hbw.com

Flowerpecker,_Midget   Dicaeum aeneum   Found: New Guinea
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova  2) hbw.com

Flowerpecker,_Mottled  Dicaeum tristrami  Found: Makira in the Solomon Islands
Image by: 1) Tammy_Davies

Flowerpecker,_Nilgiri  Dicaeum concolor  Found: southern India.
The Nilgiri Flowerpecker has pale brown upperparts; whitish underparts; wide white fore-brow. It is found in hill forests of the Western Ghats and Nilgiri hills of southern India.
Formerly a subspecies of the Plain Flowerpecker. As such it was
Not to be confused with the Olive-capped Flowerpecker which has the scientific name Dicaeum nigrilore.
Similar to: Plain Flowerpecker
Similar to: Pale-billed Flowerpecker. The Nilgiri Flowerpecker has pale markings on the head; dark bill; Pale-billed Flower has relatively uniform markings on head; pale bill.
Image by: 1) Sumeet_Moghe

Flowerpecker,_Olive-capped   Dicaeum nigrilore  Found: island of Mindanao in the Philippines.
The Olive-capped Flowerpecker is not to be confused with the Nilgiri Flowerpecker which has the scientific name Dicaeum concolor.
Image by: 1) Paul Bourdin  2) Yann_Muzika

Flowerpecker,_Olive-crowned   Dicaeum pectorale   Found: New Guinea
The male Olive-crowned Flowerpecker has olive crown, upperparts; red breast patch; yellowish or whitish center of belly; gray rest underparts. Female similar to male but not red on breast.
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova  2) hbw.com

Flowerpecker,_Orange-bellied  Dicaeum trigonostigma  Found: Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines
Image by: 1) Lip Kee Yap  2) Roby_Edrian  3) NatureAtYourBackyard  4) Tom Tarrant - Malaysia

Flowerpecker,_Pale-billed  Dicaeum erythrorhynchos  Found: India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka
The Pale-billed Flowerpecker has brownish to olive-green plumage; paler underparts; pale bill.
Similar to: Nilgiri Flowerpecker. The Nilgiri Flowerpecker has pale markings on the head; dark bill; Pale-billed Flower has relatively uniform markings on head; pale bill.
Image by: 1) JM Garg - India  2) Vijay Ismavel  3) Tarique_Sani - India 

Flowerpecker,_Plain  Dicaeum minullum  Found: central Himalayas to western Indonesia, Taiwan
Image by: 1) Lin_Sun_Fong - Taiwan    2, 3) Hiyashi_Haka  4) Nick_Athanas - Taiwan
1) Juvenile

Flowerpecker,_Pygmy   Dicaeum pygmaeum   Found: Philippines
Image by:  1) Francesco_Veronesi  2) Forest_Jarvis

Flowerpecker,_Red-banded  Dicaeum eximium  Found: Papua New Guinea
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova  2) Joseph Smit

Flowerpecker,_Red-capped  Dicaeum geelvinkianum Found: New Guinea
The male Red-capped Flowerpecker has mainly dark green upperparts; red crown, rump,breast patch, under-tail coverts; dark brown upperwing, tail; blackish bill, legs. Female similar to male but lacks red breast patch.
Image by: 1, 4) Katerina_Tvardikova  2) John Gerrard Keulemans  3) Jerry Oldenettel
3) Female 4) Male

Flowerpecker,_Red-chested also Blue-cheeked Flowerpecker  Dicaeum maugei   Found: Lesser Sunda Islands (Indonesia, East Timor)
Image by: 1) James_Eaton  2) Pinned

Flowerpecker,_Red-striped also Red-keeled Flowerpecker  Dicaeum australe Found: Philippines
Similar to: Black-belted Flowerpecker.
Image by: 1) Patrick Randall  2) Tony Despojo  3) Pinned

Flowerpecker,_Scarlet-backed  Dicaeum cruentatum  Found: Asia
The male Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker has navy blue upperparts with dark red streak from crown to tail; white underparts. Female has green upperparts, head.
Image by: 1, 3) NatureAtYourBackyard  2, 4) Lin_Sun_Fong  - Thailand   5) Francesco_Veronesi - Thailand
1, 2) Female 3, 4, 5) Male

Flowerpecker,_Scarlet-collared  Dicaeum retrocinctum  Found: Philippines
The Scarlet-collared Flowerpecker black upperparts with slate blue gloss; scarlet collar across upper-back; black throat, breast with red patch on throat; white belly with scalet stripe.
Image by: 1) John Gould 2) Lius Limchiu  3) Sylvia_Ramos  4) Ramon_Quisumbing

Flowerpecker,_Scarlet-headed  Dicaeum trochileum  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Sijanto Nature   2, 3) Lip Kee - Java

Flowerpecker,_Thick-billed  Dicaeum agile  Found: Asia
The Thick-billed Flowerpecker has brown-gray upperparts; buffy underparts; dark bill; red eyes.
Image by: 1, 2) J M Garg  2) Dave_Curtis  3) JJ Harrison in Thailand

Flowerpecker,_Wakatobi   Dicaeum kuehni  Found: Indonesia
The male Wakatobi Flowerpecker has darkish upperparts; white chin; red throat, breast; white belly. Female has gray upperparts; light gray upper-breast, whitish rest underparts.
Similar to
: Gray-sided Flowerpecker.
Image by: 1, 2) Kelly et. al.

Flowerpecker,_Whiskered  Dicaeum proprium   Found: island of Mindanao in the Philippines.
Image by: 1) Paul Mackenzie  2) Stijn De Win  3) Pinned

Flowerpecker,_White-throated  also  Legge's Flowerpecker  Dicaeum vincens  Found: Sri Lanka
The male White-throated Flowerpecker has blue-black upperparts; white throat, upper-breast; yellow lower-breast; belly. Female duller with olive-brown upperparts.
Image by: 1) Mapalagama K Premasiri  2) Danushka_Senadheera   3) Sandhillcrane

Flowerpecker,_Yellow-bellied   Dicaeum melanoxanthum  Found: southeast Asia
Image by: 1) Raj Kamal Phukan - India  2) John Gerrard Keulemans 3) Dave Curtis - Thailand  4) Myron Tay - Bhutan

Flowerpecker,_Yellow-sided Dicaeum aureolimbatum  Found: Sulawesi and adjacent islands in Indonesia
Image by: 1) AS Kono  2) Francesco Veronesi  3) Yann_Muzika

Flowerpecker,_Yellow-vented  Dicaeum chrysorrheum  Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Vijay Ismavel  4) JJ_Harrison - Thailand

Mistletoebird  Dicaeum hirundinaceum  Found: Australia
The Mistletoebird has black eyes, legs, bill. Male has glossy blue-black upperparts; red breast; white belly with black stripe. Female has dark gray upperparts; white throat; light gray underparts
Image by: 1) Brianski  2) sunphlo 3) Nick Talbot - NSW 4) Aviceda 5) David Cook - Willandra National Park, NSW, Australia  6) birdsaspoetry  7) Paul_Balfe - Queensland  8) Nik_Borrow - NSW
2, 3) Female 4 - 8) Male

Genus Prionochilus
The Prionochilus genus differs from the other flowerpecker genus, Dicaeum in having ten long primary feathers in the wing and in the character of its calls. They have a more restricted distribution than Dicaeum, occurring in the Philippines, Borneo, Suamtra, Java and the Malay Peninsula. The name Prionochilus is derived from the Greek prion for saw, and kheilos for lip, referring to the minute serrations along the edge of the bill.

Flowerpecker,_Crimson-breasted   Prionochilus percussus  Found: Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Thailand
Image by: 1) Amar-Singh - Malaysia  2) Sergey Yeliseev - Thailand  3) Naturelly
1) Female  2, 3) Male

Flowerpecker,_Olive-backed   Prionochilus olivaceus  Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Francesco Veronesi  3) PD_Round

Flowerpecker,_Palawan   Prionochilus plateni  Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) Rackk67  2) Nick_Athanas 3) Francesco Veronesi 
1, 2) Female 3) Male

Flowerpecker,_Scarlet-beasted  Prionochilus thoracicus  Found: Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia
Image by: 1) zhongying koay 2) Nicolas LeJeune  3) Gary Kinard
1) Female 2, 3) Male

Flowerpecker,_Yellow-breasted  Prionochilus maculatus  Found: Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand
Image by: 1,  2, 3) Lip Kee Yap - Singapore

Flowerpecker,_Yellow-rumped   Prionochilus xanthopygius  Found: Borneo (Indonesia, Malaysia)
Image by: 1) Mark Louis Benedict  2) Vun Soo Kiong  3) David_Cook
1) Female   2, 3) Male

Back to Top