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CUCKOOSHRIKES

Order Passeriformes     Family Campephagidae


The shrike families are: CampephagidaeLaniidaeMalaconotidae,  Prionopidae.

Cuckooshrikes often have gray colors simillar to many shrikes and their shape and flight pattern is similar to cuckoos. But they are not closely related to Cuckoos or Shrikes. Cuckooshrikes are found in warm climates of Africa, Asia, and Australasia.

Genus Analisoma

Cuckooshrike, New Caledonian  Analisoma analis also  Coracina analis  Found: New Caldonia (east of Australia)
The New Caledonian has mostly black plumage with a red rump.
Image by: 1) Richard Fuller  2) Roger and Liz Charlwood



Genus Campephaga

Cuckooshrike, Black  Campephaga flava  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya 2) Steve Garvie - Kenya  3) Paul Curtis   4) Paul Barnard - Zaire
1, 2, 3) Female  4) Male


Cuckooshrike, Golden    Campochaera sloetii Found: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit


Cuckooshrike, Petit's  Campephaga petiti  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2, 3) Michael and Helen Cox
1) Female  2) Male


Cuckooshrike, Purple-throated  Campephaga quiscalina  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Carol Foil  2) Nigel Voaden


Cuckooshrike, Red-shouldered  Campephaga phoenicea  Found: Africa
Image by: 1, 2) Lizars  3) Ron Knight
1) Female  2, 3) Male



Genus Celebesia

Cuckooshrike, Pygmy  Celebesia abbotti   Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Kristian Svennson - Sulawesi



Genus Coracina

Cicadabird  Coracina tenuirostris  Found: Australasia
Image by: 1, 2) Aviceda - Kobble Creek, SE Queensland, Australia  3) David Cook - Rocky Hall, NSW, Australia
1) Male  2, 3) Female


Cicadabird, Sulawesi  Coracina morio  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Mike Nelson  2) Joseph Smit  3) Christohorus Merung
1) Female  2, 3) Male


Cuckooshrike, Ashy also Madagascar Cuckooshrike  Coracina cinerea  Found: Madagascar, Mayotte
Image by: 1, 2) Jim Scarff  3) Kristian Svennson


Cuckooshrike, Bar-bellied  Coracina striata  Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines
Image by: 1) Neon Roseli - Philippines  2) Dimar


Cuckooshrike, Barred  Coracina lineata   Found: Australia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
Image by: 1) Greg Schechter - Australia  2) David Cook - Queensland


Cuckooshrike, Black-faced Coracina novaehollandiae Found: Australia
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo  2) Sandy Cole - San Diego Zoo  3) Dick - Australia  4) David Cook - Australia


Cuckooshrike, Cerulean  Coracina temminckii  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi - Sulawesi  2) Kristian Svensson - Sulawesi


Cuckooshrike, Gray  Coracina caesia   Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Avecida - Uganda  3) Ian White


Cuckooshrike, Gray-headed  also Gray-headed Cicadabird  Coracina schisticeps Found: Indonesia, New Guinea
Image by: 1) John Gould
1) Female - top; male - bottom


Cuckooshrike, Ground  Coracina maxima  Found: Australia
Image by: 1) Aviceda  - Atkinson's Dam, SE Queensland, Australia   2) David Cook - Queensland 3) Ron Knight


Cuckooshrike, Javan   Coracina javensis  Found: Indonesia (Java)
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi - Malaysia  2) Naturelly


Cuckooshrike, Large  Coracina macei  Found: Asia
The Large Cuckooshrike has mainly pale gray plumage; darker side of face. Female paler undperparts with light barring.
Image by: 1, 2)  Shanthanu Bhardwaj - Dhrangadhra, Gujarat, India 


Cuckooshrike, Pied   Coracina bicolor  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Adolph Meyer


Cuckooshrike, Slaty  Coracina schistacea  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) John Gould


Cuckooshrike, South Melanesian  Coracina caledonica  Found: Papua New Guinea
The South Melanesian Cuckooshrike has dark gray plumage; kellow eye; square tail.
Image by: 1, 2) Tony Morris - New Caledonia


Cuckooshrike, Stout-billed  Coracina caeruleogrisea   Found: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Jerry Oldenettel - Papau, New Guinea


Cuckooshrike, Sunda   Coracina larvata   Found: Indonesia, Malaysia
Image by: 1) Andrew Siani  2) Denis Degullacion


Cuckooshrike, Wallacean  Coracina personata  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit


Cuckooshrike, White-bellied   Coracina papuensis  Found: Australia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and Solomon Islands
Image by: 1, 2) Avecida - Queensland, AU 3) Lip Kee


Cuchooshrike, White-breasted  Coracina pectoralis  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Johann du Preez - Zambia  2) Ron Knight - Cameroon


Cuckooshrike, White-rumped  Coracina leucopygia   Found: Indonesia (Sulawesi)
Image by: 1) Lip Kee  2) Daniel Koh



Genus Hemipus
The Flycatcher-shrikes should probably not be in the Cuckooshrike family.

Shrike, Bar-winged Flycatcher-  Hemipus picatus  Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia
The Bar-winged Flycatcher-Shrike has blackish upperparts; white slash across wings; white underparts.
Similar to: Black-winged Flycatcher-Shrike. Bar-winged Flycatcher-Shrike has white slash across wings; Black-winged Flycatcher-Shrike does not.
Image by: 1) Thimindu Goonatillake - Sri Lanka  Sivakumar Nilangiriyar


Shrike, Black-winged Flycatcher-  Hemipus hirundinaceus  Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia
The Black-winged Flycatcher-Shrike has blackish upperparts; white underparts.
Similar to: Bar-winged Flycatcher-Shrike. Bar-winged Flycatcher-Shrike has white slash across wings; Black-winged Flycatcher-Shrike does not.
Image by: 1) Nicolas Lejeune  2) Michael Woodruff - Malaysia  3) Mark Louise Benedict - Borneo
1) Female  2, 3) Male



Genus Lalage
The trillers are fairly small birds, about 15 to 20 cm long. They are mainly black, grey and white in colour. Their name comes from the loud trilling calls of the males. They occur in southern Asia, Australasia and Pacific islands. They feed mainly on insects and fruit. They build a neat cup-shaped nest high in a tree.

Cuckooshrike, Black-headed  Lalage melanoptera   Found: India, Myanmar
Image by: 1, 2) JM Garg - India  3) Sudhir Naik - Karnataka, India
1) Female  2, 3) Male


Cuckooshrike, Black-winged  Lalage melaschistos  Found: southeast Asia, Japan, Philippines (rare)
The male Black-winged Cuckooshrike has mainly gray plumage with contrasting black wings and tail; wide white feather tips on under-tail. Female paler with faint barring on underside.
Image by: 1) JM Garg - India  2, 3) Lip Kee


Cuckooshrike, Indochinese  Lalage polioptera  also  Coracina polioptera  Found: souttheast Asia
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) trananhtuan_78


Cuckooshrike, Lesser  Lalage fimbriata  also  Coracina fimbriata  Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia
The male Lesser Cuckooshrike has dark gray upperparts; paler underparts; blackish flight feathers, head. Female is paler with barring on underparts.
Image by: 1) Nicolas Le Jeune   2) Ron Pudin - Borneo


Cuckooshrike, Mauritius  Lalage typica  also   Coracina typica  Found: Mauritius in the Indian Ocean
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Jerry Oldenettel


Cuckooshrile, Reunion  Lalage newtoni  Found: island of Reunion in Indian Ocean
The male Reunion Cuckooshrike has gray plumage; lighter underparts; impression of a mask. Female has dark brown upperparts; striped underparts; white eye-line. It is a critically endangered forest bird.
Image by: 1) Careres and Jasmin
1) Male


Triller, Black-and-white  Lalage melanoleuca  Found: Philippines
Image by: Neon Rosell


Triller, Black-browed  Lalage atrovirens  Found: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
Image by: 1) Tom Tarrant - Papua, Indonesia


Triller, Long-tailed  Lalage leucopyga  Australia and some northeast islands
Image by: 1. 2) Henrik Gronvold 3) Papier K  4) Oliver H
1) Female  2, 3, 4) Male


Triller, Pied  Lalage nigra  Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines
The male Pied Triller has black upperparts with white wing markings; white supercilium; white underparts. In the female the dark parts are grayish-brown.
Image by: 1, 2) Lip Kee - Singapore  3) Johnny Wee  4) Andrew Siani - Borneo  5) Melvin Yap - Singapore
1, 2) Female 3, 4, 5) Male



Triller, Polynesian  Lalage maculosa  Found: Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, etc
The Polynesian Triller has black and white plumgae while others have more grey or brown coloration - depending on location.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Tom Tarrant - Fiji


Triller, Rufous-bellied    Lalage aurea   Found: Maluku Islands of Indonesia
The Rufous-bellied Triller has mainly grayish-black upperparts with some white on the wings; grayish-black crown, nape, eye-line; white face; rufous throat, underparts.
Image by: 1) Paulo Alves  2) Francesco Veronesi  3, 4) Kristian Svennson


Triller, Varied  Lalage leucomela  Found: Australasia
Image by: 1) Dave Curits - Queensland 2, 3) David Cook - Cairns, QLD, Australia  4) Aviceda - SE Queensland 
1, 2) Female 3, 4) Male


Triller, White-browed  Lalage moesta  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) John Gould


Triller, White-rumped  Lalage leucopygialis  Found: Sulawesi in Indonesia
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit


Triller, White-shouldered  Lalage sueurii  Found: Indonesia, East Timor
The White-shouldered Triller has a gray bill with a black tip; black legs; white supercilium. Male has mainly black upperparts with white shoulders; white underparts; gray rump; . Female has similar pattern as male with brown instead of black and some black barring on underparts.
Similar to: White-winged Triller. White-shouldered Triller found in Indonesia, White-winged Triller found mainly in Australia.
Image by: 1, 2) Ron Knight
1) Female  2) Male


Triller, White-winged Lalage tricolor Found: Australia, Papua New Guinea
The breeding male White-winged Triller has black upperparts with white shoulder and wing patch; white underparts. Female similarly patterned with fawn instead of black. Nonbreeding male similar to female.
Similar to: White-shouldered Triller. White-shouldered Triller found in Indonesia, White-winged Triller found mainly in Australia.
Image by:  1) ) Mdekool  2, 5) Aviceda - Queensland  2, 3) David Cook - Wamboin, NSW, Australia 
1, 2) Female 3, 4, 5) Male




Genus Lobotos

Cuckooshrike, Ghana  also  Western Wattled Cuckooshrike  Lobotos lobatus  Found: Africa
Image by: Nicolas Le Jeune


Cuckooshrike, Oriole  also  Eastern Wattled Cuckooshrike  Lobotos oriolinus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Henrick Gronvold



Genus Pericrocotus
The minivets are found mainly in forests in southern and eastern Asia. They are fairly small, slender birds with long tails and an erect posture. Many species have bright red or yellow markings. They feed mainly on insects, foraging in groups in the tree canopy.

Minivet, Ashy  Pericrocotus divaricatus  Found: Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines
The male Ashy Minivet has gray upperparts; black cap; white forehead, underparts. Female similar but no black cap; black line between eye and bill.
Image by: 1) Ron Knight   2) KC Hung


Minivet, Brown-rumped  also  Swinhoe's Minivet  Pericrocotus cantonensis  Found: southeast Asia
The male Brown-rumped Minivet has gray rear-crown; grayish-brown back; darker wings; brown rump; white fore-crown; dark eye-line; white underparts. Female paler above; gray crown; dark eye-line; white underparts.
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) KC Hung   3) Ross Tsai


Minivet, Fiery  Pericrocotus igneus  Myanmar, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines
The male Fiery Minivet has blueish-black upperparts, head, throat, upper-tail; reddish-orange underparts, wing patch; reddish-orange uunder-tail. Female has grayish-olive upperparts; yellow underparts, wing patch.
Similar to: Scarlet Minivet. Fiery Minivet is smaller than Scarlet Minivet.
Image by: 1) Carlo Gomez - Philippines  2) Dave Irving


Minivet, Flores  also Little Minivet  Pericrocotus lansbergei  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2, 3) Ron Knight 
2) Female  3) Male


Minivet, Gray-chinned  Pericrocotus solaris  Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia
The male gray-chinned Minivet has dark gray upperparts, chin; reddish-orange underparts. Darkness of head variable by subspecies. Female has gray upperparts with yellow patch on wings; light gray chin
Image by:  1) Ron Knight  2) Philip Diller - Taiwan  3, 4) John and Fish - Taiwan
1, 2) Female  3, 4) Male


Minivet, Long-tailed  Pericrocotus ethologus  Found: southeast Asia
The male Long-tailed Minivet has black upperparts wth ornage-red-wing markings; orange-red underparts. Female has gray-olive upperparts; yellow underparts, wing markings.
Image by: 1) JM Garg  2) Ron Knight   3) Francesco Veronesi - Bhutan


Minivet, Orange
   Pericrocotus flammeus  Found: Indian Subcontinent, Sri Lanka
Image by: 1) Hafiz Issadeen - Sri Lanka  2) Tarique Sani


Minivet, Rosy  Pericrocotus roseus  Found: southeast Asia
The Rosy Minivet has gray upperparts. Male has pinkish-red shade to wings, tail. Female has yellow underparts with yellow-olive rump.
Image by: 1) John Gould  2, 3) Francesco Veronesi - Thailand  4) Saud Faisal


Minivet, Ryukyu  Pericrocotus tegimae  Found: Japan
Image by: 1) Marcel Holyoak  2) John Wright   3) David Dexter


Minivet, Scarlet  Pericrocotus flammeus also Pericrocotus speciosus Found: southern Asia, Indonesia, Malaysian, Philippines
The male Scalet Minivet has blueish-black upperparts, head, throat; reddish-orange underparts, wing patch; reddish-orange upper-tail with black center strip. Female has grayish-olive upperparts; yellow underparts, wing patch.
Similar to: Fiery Minivet. Fiery Minivet is smaller than Scarlet Minivet.
Similar to: Short-billed Minivet. Short-billed Minivet has shorter bill than Scarlet Minivet. Male Scarlet Minivet has more red on its tail than male Short-billed Minivet.
Image by: 1) Hafiz Issadeen - Sri Lanka  2) Lip Kee - Malaysia  3) JM Garg - India  4) Hiyashi Haka - Malaysia
1) Female  2, 3, 4) Male


Minivet, Short-billed  Pericrocotus brevirostris  Found: southeast Asia 
The male Short-billed Minivet has blueish-black upperparts, head, throat; reddish-orange underparts, wing patch. Female has grayish-olive upperparts; yellow underparts, wing patch.
Similar to: Scarlet Minivet. Short-billed Minivet has shorter bill than Scarlet Minivet. Male Scarlet Minivet has more red on its tail than male Short-billed Minivet.
Image by: 1, 4) Elizabeth Gould  2, 6) Francesco Veronesi - Buhtan  3, 4) Dick Daniels - Nepal
1 - 4) Female  5, 6) Male



Minivet. Small  Pericrocotus cinnamomeus  Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia
The male Small Minivet has dark gray upperparts; reddish-orange breast, flanks; wing-patch; whitish belly. Female has lighter upperparts; grayish-white throat, upper-breast; yellowish lower-breast, belly.
Image by:   1, 3) Joby Joseph  2) JM Garg - India  4) Tarique Sani


Minvet, Sunda  Pericrocotus miniatus  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1, 3) Nocolas le Jeune  2) Vinchel Budihardjo
1, 2) Female  3) Male


Minivet, White-bellied  Pericrocotus erythropygius  Found: India
The male White-bellied Minivet has black upperparts; white forehead, wing markings; white underparts with orange patch on breast. Female has gray-brown upperparts; white wing markings; white underparts with gray on breast.
Image by: 1) JM Garg - Rajasthan  2) Mishra  3) Gaurav Bhatnagar




SATINBIRDS

Order Passeriformes     Family Cnemophilidae

There are three species of satinbirds, all found in New Guinea. Their nearest relatives may be the Cuckoo-shrikes. They have also been considered related to browerbirds or birds-of-paradise.


Genus Cnemophilus

Satinbird, Crested Cnemophilus macgregorii  Found: New Guinea
The male Crested Satinbird has bright greenish-yellow upperparts; cinnamon on upper-wing, upper-tail; small and ususally concealed erectile crest; brownish black underparts. Female has brown-olive upperparts; paler and buffier underparts.
Image by: 1, 4) Katerina_Tvardikova  2) Richard Sharpe 3) Jerry Oldenettel
3) Female 4) Male


Satinbird, Loria's  Cnemophilus loriae  Found: New Guinea
The male Loria's Satinbird has mainly velvety-black plumage with purple or magenta sheens; metallic green-blue head. Female has mainly olive-green plumage; browner on wings and tail; more yellowish on belly.
Image by: 1, 3) Katerina_Tvardikova 2)John Gould  4) Jerry Oldenettel  5) David Cook
3, 4) Female  5) Male




Genus Loboparadisea
- 1 species

Satinbird,_Yellow-breasted
Loboparadisea sericea  Found: New Guinea
The male Yellow-breasted Satinbird has honey-brown upperback, upper-wing, tail; ;sulpuer-yellow lower back and rump; yellow underparts. Female has dark olive-brown upperparts; cinnamon-brown wings; yellowish-buff underparts with darker streaking.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) hbw.com
1) Male 2) Female



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