ANTPITTAS

Order Passeriformes    Family Grallariidae

The antpittas are forest birds that tend to feed on insects at or near the ground since many are specialist ant eaters. Most are drab in appearance with shades of (rusty) brown, black, and white being their dominant tones. Compared to other birds that specialize in following ants, this family is the most tied to the ground. The long, powerful legs (which lend the birds a distinctive upright posture) and an essentially vestigial tail aid this lifestyle.

Thare are related to antbirds of family Grallariidae and the antthrushes of family Formicariidae.

Genus Grallaria
These antpittas are plump, have very short tail, and long legs.

Antpitta, Bicolored   Grallaria rufocinerea   Found:
The Bicolored Antpitta has rufous upperparts; reddish head; gray underparts;
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit


Antpitta, Brown-banded   Grallaria milleri   Found:
The Brown-banded Antpitta has dark brown upperparts; gray lores; pale gray throat; brownish breast, flanks.
Image by: 1) Dave Curtis - Columbia  2) Francesco Veronesi - Columbia


Antpitta, Chestnut   Grallaria blakei   Found:
The Chestnut Antpitta has mainly chestnut plumage with whitish belly.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas


Antpitta, Chestnut-crowned   Grallaria ruficapilla   Found:
The Chestnut-crowned Antpitta has olive-brown upperparts; orange-rufous head, nape; white throat;  white underparts with black-brown streaking on flanks.
Image by: 1) Andres Cuervo  2) Nigel Voaden 


Antpitta, Chestnut-naped   Grallaria nuchalis   Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The Grallaria nuchalis Antpitta has rufous-brown upperparts; brightest on head; gray underparts.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans 2) Alejandr oBayer Tamayo


Antpitta, Cundinamarca   Grallaria kaestneri   Found:
The Cundinamarca Antpitta has
Image by: 1) Peter Kaestner


Antpitta, Elusive   Grallaria eludens   Found: Brazil, Peru
The Elusive Antpitta has heavy black streaking on underparts.
Similar to: Ochre-striped Antpitta. Ochre-striped Antpitta has rich tawny-rufous throat, breast; Elusive has white throat.
Image by: 1) Hbw.com


Antpitta, Giant   Grallaria gigantea   Found: Columbia, Ecuador
The Giant Antpitta has dark brown upperpart; grayer crown, nape; rufous underparts, finely barred.
Similar to: Great Antippa. Ranges of Giant Antpitta and Great Antpitta do not overlap.
Similar to: Undulated Antpitta. The Giant Antpitta has finer barring on underparts than Undulated Antpitta.
. Image by: 1) Don Faulkner - Ecuador  2) Joseph Boone - Ecuador


Antpitta, Gray-naped   Grallaria griseonucha   Found: Venezuela
The Gray-naped Antpitta has dark brown upperparts, crown; gray nape patch; rufous underparts.
Image by: 1) Guy Tudor


Antpitta, Great   Grallaria excelsa   Found: Venezuela
Similar to: Giant Antippa. Ranges of Giant Antpitta and Great Antpitta do not overlap.
Image by: 1) David Ascanio


Antpitta, Jocotoco   Grallaria ridgelyi   Found: Ecuador, Peru
The Jocotoco Antpitta has brownish-olive upperparts; black cap; white throat, cheek patch; light gray underparts.
Image by: 1) Patty McGann


Antpitta, Moustached   Grallaria alleni   Found: Columbia, Ecuador
The Moustached Antpitta has slate-gray crown, nape; broad white noustachial stripe; cinnamon flanks, under-tail coverts.
Image by: 1) Nigel Voaden


Antpitta, Ochre-striped   Grallaria dignissima   Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The Ochre-striped Antpitta has rufous throat, breast; black-on-white streaking on belly, flanks.
Similar to: Elusive Antpitta. Ochre-striped Antpitta has rich tawny-rufous throat, breast; Elusive has white throat.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans


Antpitta, Pale-billed   Grallaria carrikeri   Found: Peru
The Pale-billed Antpitta has brown upperparts; black head; dark gray underparts; pale ivory bill.
Image by: 1) Carlos Calle


Antpitta, Plain-backed   Grallaria haplonota   Found: Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
Im age by: 1) Joseph Smit  2)  Dave Batzler - Ecuador


Antpitta, Red-and-white   Grallaria erythroleuca   Found: Peru
The Red-and-white Antpitta has  brown upperparts; rufous head, nape; white underparts with white and rufous flanks.
Image by: 1) Kristian Svensson - Peru


Antpitta, Rufous   Grallaria rufula   Found: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuel
The Rufous Antpitta has mainly rufous plumage; pale eye-ring.
Image by: 1) Nigel Voaden - Ecuador


Antpitta, Rufous-faced   Grallaria erythrotis   Found:
The Rufous-faced Antpitta has olive-gray to olive-brown upperparts; orange-rufous face, side of neck; whitish throat; orange-rufous breast; paler belly.
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Paul Jones - Bolivia


Antpitta, Rusty-tinged   Grallaria przewalskii   Found:
The Rusty-tinged Antpitta has
Image by: 1) Lawrence McQueen


Antpitta, Santa Marta   Grallaria bangsi   Found: Columbia
The Santa Marta Antpitta has dark brown upperparts; tawny throat; white underparts with dusky streaks.
Image by: 1) Arthur Grosset


Antpitta, Scaled   Grallaria guatimalensis   Found: Mexico, Central America, South America
The Scaled Antpitta has has grayish or brownish-olive upperparts; tawny underparts. The feathers of the crown and back are narrowly tipped with black, giving it the scaled pattern for which this species is named.
Image by: 1) Jorge Montejo - Mexico 2) Chris Birder - Ecuador


Antpitta, Stripe-headed   Grallaria andicolus   Found: Bolivia, Peru
The Stripe-headed Antpitta has brown upperparts; narrow pale streaks on crown; bold pattern of streaks and dots on face, underparts.
Image by: 1) Ian Davies - Peru


Antpitta, Tawny   Grallaria quitensis   Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The Tawny Antpitta has dull olive-brown upperparts; tawny underparts.
Image by: 1) Michael Woodruff - Ecuador


Antpitta, Undulated   Grallaria squamigera   Found: Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela
The Undulated Antpitta has dark brown upperpart; grayer crown, nape; orange-buff underparts heavily barred.
Similar to: Giant Antpitta. The Giant Antpitta has finer barring on underparts than Undulated Antpitta.
Image by: 1) Liz Lauer - Ecuador


Antpitta, Urrao   Grallaria urraoensis   Found:
The Urrao Antpitta has olive-brown upperparts; more brownish tail; pale gray lores and orbital region; light gray throat; olive-gray breast; paler central belly.
Image by: 1) Nigel Voaden - Columbia


Antpitta, Variegated  Grallaria varia  Found: South America
|Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches


Antpitta, Watkins's   Grallaria watkinsi   Found: Ecuador, Peru
The Watkins's Antpitta has mainly olive-brown upperparts; reddish-brown crown; white underparts with streaks on breast, flanks.
Image by: 1) Josh Jones - Peru


Antpitta, White-bellied   Grallaria hypoleuca   Found: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
The White-bellied Antpitta has reddish-brown upperparts; grayish white underparts with a whiter throat.
Similar to: Yellow-breasted Antpitta. Except for their underparts, the hite-bellied Antpitta and the Yellow-breasted Antpitta are very similar. Their ranges do not overlap.
  Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi - Ecuador


Antpitta, White-throated   Grallaria albigula   Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Peru
The White-throated Antpitta has brown upperparts; chestnut-rufous head; white throat; gray underparts.
Image by: 1) Eduardo Prancetti


Antpitta, Yellow-breasted   Grallaria flavotincta   Found: Columbia, Ecuador
The Yellow-breasted Antpitta has chestnut or rufous-brown upperparts; white eye-ring; pale yellow underparts.
Similar to: White-bellied Antpitta. Except for their underparts, the hite-bellied Antpitta and the Yellow-breasted Antpitta are very similar. Their ranges do not overlap.
Image by: 1) Nigel Voaden - Ecuador 2) Vince Smith - Columbia



Genus Grallaricula

Antpitta, Crescent-faced   Grallaricula lineifrons   Found: Columbia, Ecuador
The Crescent-faced Antpitta has dark-brown upperparts; slate-gray crown , nape; bold white crescent in front of each eye; whitish underparts with black streaking.
Image by: 1) Jacob Cooper - Ecuador


Antpitta, Hooded   Grallaricula cucullata   Found: Columbia and Venezuela near border
The Hooded Antpitta has olive-brown upperparts; orange-rufous head, nape; unmarked pale gray underparts.
Image by: 1) Oscar - Columbia  2) Trever Ellery


Antpitta, Ochre-breasted   Grallaricula flavirostris   Found: Costa Rica south to Ecuador
The Ochre-breasted Antpitta has olive-brown upperparts; ochre breast; white belly.
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Culbert - Ecuador


Antpitta, Ochre-fronted   Grallaricula ochraceifrons   Found: Peru
The Ochre-fronted Antpitta has brown upperparts; ochre fore-crown (male);  fuzzy eye-ring; white underparts with black streaks.
Image by: 1) Carlos Calle - Peru


Antpitta, Peruvian  Grallaricula peruviana   Found: Ecuador, Peru
The Peruvian Antpitta has brown upperparts; broad yellow eye-ring; white throat with 2 black stripes; white breast with black scalloping; white belly.
Image by: 1) Ana Agreda - Ecuador


Antpitta, Rusty-breasted   Grallaricula ferrugineipectus   Found: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
The Rusty-breasted Antpitta has brown upperparts; rufous-brown crown; small whitish spot behind eye; rufous-buff or tawny-brown throat, breast..
Image by: 1) Nigel Voaden - Columbia


Antpitta, Scallop-breasted   Grallaricula loricata   Found: Venezuela
The male Scallop-breasted Antpitta has brown upperparts; orange-rufous head.
Image by: 1) David Ascanio - Venezuela


Antpitta, Slate-crowned   Grallaricula nana   Found: Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Venezuela
The Slate-crowned Antpitta has brown upperparts; slate-gray crown; small whitish spot behind eye; unmarked rufous underparts.
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi - Columbia  2) Alejandro Tamayo


Antpitta, Sucre   Sucre Antpitta   Found: northeast Venezuela
The Sucre Antpitta has dark brown upperparts; slate-gray crown, nape; rufous underparts with white belly.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas



Genus Hylopezus

Antpitta, Alta Floresta   Hylopezus whittakeri   Found: Brazil
Image by: 1) Birding Brazil Tours


Antpitta, Amazonian   Hylopezus berlepschi   Found: Bolivia, Brazil, Peru
The Amazonian Antpitta has brown upperparts; white throat; tan underparts with dark streaking over breast.
Image by: 1) Joao Quental


Antpitta, Masked   Hylopezus auricularis   Found: Bolivia
The Masked Antpitta has olive-brown upperparts, tail; gray crown, nape; white lores; black face mask; white throat; white underparts except black and olive streaked upper-breast.
Image by: 1) Vincent Vos


Antpitta, Snethlage's   Hylopezus paraensis   Found: Brazil
Image by: 1) Ciro Albano


Antpitta, Speckle-breasted   Hylopezus nattereri   Found: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
The Speckle-breasted Antpitta has gray-brown upperparts; white eye-ring; mainly pale underparts with dark speckling.
Similar to: White-browed Antpitta. The White-browed Antpitta has white rear eye-brow; Speckle-breasted Antpitta does not have a supercilium.
Image by: 1) Claudio Timm - Brazil


Antpitta, Spotted   Hylopezus macularius   Found: South America
Image by: 1) Rich Hoyer


Antpitta, Streak-chested   Hylopezus perspicillatus   Found: Central America, Columbia, Ecuador
The Streak-chested Antpitta has brown upperparts; bold white eye-ring; pale lores; white thoat, belly; streaked breast.
Image by: 1) Don Faulkner - Costa Rica


Antpitta, Thicket   Hylopezus dives   Found: Central America, Columbia, Ecuador
The Thicket Antpitta has dark olive-brown upperparts; whitish throat, belly; orange-rufous flanks; buff breast with blackish streaks.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Vivek Tawari - Costa Rica


Antpitta, White-browed   Hylopezus ochroleucus   Found: Brazil
The White-browed Antpitta has gray-brown upperparts; white eye-ring, throat; white rear eye-brow; white breast with dark streaks.
Similar to: Speckle-breasted Antpitta. The White-browed Antpitta has white rear eye-brow; Speckle-breasted Antpitta does not have a supercilium.
Image by: 1) Sanjay Veiga - Brazil


Antpitta, White-lored   Hylopezus fulviventris   Found: Columbia. Ecuador, Peru
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Tropical Birding - Ecuador



Genus Myrmothera
These antpittas have brownish upperpart; pale mark behind eye.

Antpitta, Tepui   Myrmothera simplex   Found: southern Venezuela and adjacent Brazil
The Tepui Antpitta has chestnut-brown upperparts; pale mark behind eye; grayish or brown underparts.
Image by: 1) Jan Veenstra


Antpitta, Thrush-like
  Myrmothera campanisona   Found: South America
The Thrush-like Antpitta has brown upperparts; streaked paler underparts; pale mark behind eye.
Image by: 1) Philip Stouffer - Brazil





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