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OVENBIRDS

Order Passeriformes    Family Furnaridae

This is a large family of small to medium-sized birds, ranging from 9 to 35 centimetres in length. The ovenbirds are a diverse group of insectivores which get their name from the elaborate, vaguely "oven-like" clay nests built by the Horneros, although most other ovenbirds build stick nests or nest in tunnels or clefts in rock. Furnariid nests are always constructed with a cover. While individial species often are habitat specialists, species of this family can be found in virtually any Neotropical habitat, ranging from city parks inhabited by Rufous Horneros, to tropical Amazonian lowlands by many species of Foliage-gleaners, to temperate barren Andean highlands inhabited by several species of Miners. There are even two species, the Seaside and the Surf Cinclodes,which are associated with rocky coasts.

Ovenbird, Seiurus aurocapillus, of family Parulidae is unrelated to birds in the ovenbird family, Furnariidae. For both cases, the name derives from the oven-like nests that are created.



Horneros and allies

This page contains barbtails, cinclodes, earthcreepers, horneros, reedhaunters, treerunners, xenops and others


Genus Berlepschia - 1 species

Palmcreeper, Point-tailed  Berlepschia rikeri  Found: palm swamps in South America
The Point-tailed Palmcreeper has rufous upperparts, tail; white with black streaking rest of plumage.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Hector Bottai - Brazil



Genus Cinclodes

Cinclodes, Bar-winged also Buff-winged Cinclodes  Cinclodes fuscus  Found: South America
Some have split the Bar-winged Cinclodes into 3 species: Buff-winged Cinclodes (Cinclodes fuscus), Chestnut-winged Cinclodes (Cinclodes albidiventris), and Cream-winged Cinclodes (Cinclodes albiventris).
Similar to
: Cordova Cinclodes. Cordova Cinclodes has darker chestnut wing stripe and tail corners, and whiter underparts than Bar-winged Cinclodes.
Image by: 1, 2)  Claudio Timm - Brazil   3) Dominic Sherony  - Peru   4) Arthur Chapman - Chile

The Buff-winged Cinclodes has grayish-brown upperparts; white supercilium; white partial collar; buffy brown underparts.
Image: 1) Lip Kee - Argentina  2) James Caldwell - Chile  3) Jorge Montejo - Peru


Cinclodes, Blackish  Cinclodes antarcticus  Found: southern tip of South America
The Blackish Cinclodes has dark brown plumage; slightly paler throat with some speckling.
Image by: 1) Henry Flower - Falklands  2) David Cook


Cinclodes, Chestnut-winged  Cinclodes albidiventris   Found: Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi - Ecuador  2) Brian Henderson - Ecuador


Cinclodes, Cordova  Cinclodes comechingonus  Found: Argentina
Similar to: Bar-winged Cinclodes. Cordova Cinclodes has darker chestnut wing stripe and tail corners, and whiter underparts than Bar-winged Cinclodes.
Image by: 1) Bruno Lorenzatti  2) Allan Drewitt


Cinclodes, Cream-winged  Cinclodes albiventris  Found: South America
The Cream-winged Cinclodes has pale supercilium; white wing-stripe tinged with cream towards outer end; buffy tail corners.
Similar to: White-winged Cinclodes. White-winged Cinclodes light areas are bold white, Cream-winged white area are off white. Cream-winged Cinclodes has darker crown.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - Peru


Cinclodes, Dark-bellied  Cinclodes patagonicus  Found: Argentina, Chile
The Dark-bellied Cinclodes has dark upperparts; streaky dark-gray underparts; buffy wing patches.
Image by: 1, 2) Dfaulder - Chile  


Cinclodes, Gray-flanked  Cinclodes oustaleti  Found: Argentina, Chile
The Gray-flanked Cinclodes has a dark gray back; brown and white head pattern; gray  upper flanks; rusty lower flanks.
Similar to: Olrog's Cinclodes. Olrog's Cinclodes averages darker upperparts than Gray-flanked Cinclodes and has a striking white wing-stripe.
Image by: 1) Raponci - Chile  2) Claudio Solari


Cinclodes, Long-tailed  Cinclodes pabsti  Found: Brazil
The Long-tailed Cinclodes has grayish-brown upperparts; long white supercilium; white throat; pale buffy brown underparts; long tail for the genus.
Image by: 1) Hector Bottai - Brazil


Cinclodes, Olrog's  Cinclodes olrogi  Found: Argentina
Similar to: Gray-flanked Cinclodes. Olrog's Cinclodes averages darker upperparts than Gray-flanked Cinclodes and has a striking white wing-stripe.
Image by: 1) Allan Drewitt  2) Graham Ekins


Cinclodes, Royal  Cinclodes aricomae  Found: Peru, Boliva
The Royal Cinclodes has dark chocolate-brown upperparts, crown, face; whitish mottling and streaking on breast.
Image by: 1) Daniel Lane - Peru  2) Joe Tobias


Cinclodes, Seaside
  also  Chilean Seaside Cinclodes  Cinclodes nigrofumosus Found: Chile
As its name implies, the Seaside Cinclodes is most often seen close to the ocean's edge.
Similar to: Surf Cinclodes. The ranges of Surf Cinclodes and Seaside Cinclodes do not overlap.
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Devonpike 3) Island Conservation


Cinclodes, Stout-billed  Cinclodes excelsior  Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The Stout-billed Cinclodes has brown upperparts; thick down-curved bill; white supercilium; brown scaled pattern on throat, upper-breast.
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi - Columbia  2) Alejandro Tamayo


Cinclodes, Surf also Peruvian Seaside Cinclodes  Cinclodes taczanowskii Found: Peru
As its name implies, the Surf Cinclodes is most often seen close to the ocean's edge.
Similar to: Seaside Cinclodes. The ranges of Surf Cinclodes and Seaside Cinclodes do not overlap.
Image by: 1) Josue Hermoza  2) Dominic Sherony


Cinclodes, White-bellied  Cinclodes palliatuFound: Peru
The White-bellied Cinclodes has dark rufous upperparts; lighter brownish-gray head, face; white wing-stripe; bright white underparts.
Image by: 1) Dominic Sherony  2) Richard Gibbons - Peru


Cinclodes, White-winged  Cinclodes atacamensis  Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru
The White-winged Cinclodes has white supercilium; white wing-stripe; white tail corners.
Similar to: Creamy-winged Cinclodes. White-winged Cinclodes light areas are bold white, Cream-winged white area are off white. Cream-winged Cinclodes has darker crown.Prefers habitat near flowing water.
Image by: 1) Hector Bottai - Chile  2) Vil Sandi - Puno Peru



Genus Furnarius
Horneros are usually seen on the ground or logs.They make oven-like nest utilizing mud. The nests have an curved entrance on the side to discourage predators.

Hornero, Band-tailed also Wing-banded Hornero  Furnarius figulus  Found: Brazil
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi 2) Hector Bottai


Hornero, Bay  also Pale-billed Hornero  Furnarius torridus  Found: Brazil, southeast Columbia, eastern Ecuador, northeast Peru
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) David Ascanio


Hornero, Crested  Furnarius cristatus  Found: Argentina, Boliviia, Paragua
The Crested Hornero is the only hornero to have an obvious crest.
Image by: 1) Paul Jones - Bolivia


Hornero, Lesser  Furnarius minor  Found: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
The Lesser Hornero has white supercilium, underparts; dark legs. It is paler and smaller than other horneros.
Image by: 1) Joao Quental  2) Hector Bottai


Hornero, Pale-legged  Furnarius leucopus  Found: South America
The Pale-legged Hornero has pale (usually pinkish) legs; white supercilium; bold white throat; usually dark crown.
Image by: 1) Frank Wouters  2) Haplochromis  3) Doug Janson  4) Charlie Westerinen - Iquitos, Peru along the Amazon


Hornero, Rufous also Red Ovenbird  Furnarius rufus  Found: eastern South America
The Rufous Hornero has mainly reddish-brown plumage; dull crown; whitish throat.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dario Sanches - Brazil  4) Cláudio Timm in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil  5) Cristiano Crolle - Esteros del Iberà, Argentina



Genus Geocerthia - 1 species

Earthcreeper, Striated  Geocerthia serrana  Found: Peru
The Striated Earthcreeper has olive-brown upperparts; rufous wings, tail; pale supercilium.
Image by: 1) Daniel Lane



Genus Limnoctites - 1 species

Reedhaunter, Straight-billed  Limnoctites rectirostris  Found: Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
The Straight-billed Reedhaunter has a long straight bill; brown upperparts; chestnut wings, tail; white throat, supercilium; pale underparts.
Similar to: Curve-billed Reedhaunter. Straight-billed Reedhaunter has a long straight bill; Curve-billed Reedhaunter has a shorter and more down-curved bill.
Image by: 1, 2) franalverja



Genus  Limnornis - 1 species

Reedhaunter, Curve-billed  Limnornis curvirostris  Found: Argentina, Brazil, Urugua
The Curve-billed Reedhaunter has a down-curved bill; brown upperparts; rufous wings, tail; white throat, supercilium; pale underparts.
Similar to: Straight-billed Reedhaunter. Straight-billed Reedhaunter has a long straight bill; Curve-billed Reedhaunter has a shorter and more down-curved bill.
Image by: 1, 2)  Cláudio Timm - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil  3) Dfaulder - Argentina



Genus Lochmias - 1 species

Streamcreeper, Sharp-tailed  Lochmias nematura  Found: Sourh America
The Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper has dark brownish upperparts; white scalloping on underparts; short tailed; long billed.
Image by:  1) Dario Sanches - Brazil 2) Cláudio Timm - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil



Genus Margarornis

Treerunner, Beautiful  Margarornis bellulus  Found: Panama
The Beautiful Treerunner has brown upperparts; white supercilium; spotted underparts.
Image by: 1) birdphotodatabase


Treerunner, Pearled  Margarornis squamiger  Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
The Pearled Treerunner has rufous upperparts; gray-brown head; white supercilium; white spotted underparts.
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi - Ecuador  2) David Cook - Peru  3) NBII_Image_Gallery - Ecuador


Treerunner, Ruddy  Margarornis rubiginosus  Found: Costa Rica, Panama
The Ruddy Treerunner has rufous (ruddy) upperparts; tawny underparts; white throat; whitish supercilium.
Image by: 1) Dominic Sherony - Costa Rica  2) Barbara Dye - Costa Rica


Treerunner, Star-chested
also  Fulvous-dotted Treerunner  Margarornis stellatus  Found: Columbia, Ecuador
The Star-chested Treerunner has mainly rufous plumage; white throat; white spots edged in black from throat to upper-breast; pale supercilium.
Image by: 1) Dominic Sherony - Columbia



Genus Ochetorhynchus

Chilia, Crag  Ochetorhynchus melanurus  Found: Chile
The Crag Chilia has grayish-brown upperpart tnding rufous towards the rear; white suppercilium, throat.
Image by: 1) Telly Gacitue  2) Daniel Martinez


Earthcreeper, Band-tailed
  Ochetorhynchus phoenicurus  Found: Argentina, Chile
The Band-tailed Earthcreeper has gray-brown upperparts; white supercilium, throat; dark brown tail with rufous base.
Image by:: 1) Alec Earnshaw


Earthcreeper, Rock  Ochetorhynchus andaecola  Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile
The Rock Earthcreeper hzs brown upperpats; buffy underparts with dark streaks; cocks tail at about 45 degree angle while on ground.
Similar to: Straight-billed Earthcreeper. Straight-billed Earthcreeper has staighter bill than Rock Earthcreeper; cocks it tail more vertidal; has lighter underparts.
Image by: 1) Orbigny  2) Ron Knight


Earthcreeper, Straight-billed  Ochetorhynchus ruficaudus  Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru
The Straight-billed Earthcreeper hzs brown upperpats; buffy underparts with pale streaks; cocks tail at about vertical angle while on ground.
Similar to: Rock Earthcreeper. Straight-billed Earthcreeper has staighter bill than Rock Earthcreeper; cocks it tail more vertidal; has lighter underparts.
Image by: 1) Orbigny  2) Ron Knight - Argentina



Genus Phleocryptes - 1 species

Rushbird, Wren-like  Phleocryptes melanops  Found: South America
The Wren-like Rushbird prefers marshes which may be either freshwater or brackish. It has a dark head; pale supercilium; cinnamon or pale underparts. Song is like 2 pebbles being clicked together.
Image by: 1) Amy McAndrews - Peru  2) Tony Fish - Lima



Genus Premnornis - 1 species

Barbtail, Rusty-winged  Premnornis guttuliger  Found: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
The Rusty-winged Barbtail has buffy spots over the entire body; rufous-olive upperparts; dull brown underparts; faint buffy eye-ring; buffy supercilium.
Image by: 1) Peter Hoell



Genus Premnoplex

Barbtail, Spotted  Premnoplex brunnescens  Found: Central America, northeast South America
The Spotted Barbtail has dark brown upperparts; pale throat; dark brown underparts with stripes made of whitish spots.
Similar to: White-throated Barbtail. The Spotted Bartail has more distinct spots on its underparts. White-throated Barbtail has pale superciliium; Spotted Bartail does not.
Image by: 1) Joseph Wolf 2) Dave Curtis - Panama


Barbtail, White-throated  Premnoplex tatei  Found: northern Venezuela
The White-throated Barbtail has dark brown upperparts; whitish throat; pale light supercilium; dark brown underparts with white scallops.
Similar to: Spotted Barbtail. The Spotted Bartail has more distinct spots on its underparts. White-throated Barbtail has pale superciliium; Spotted Bartail does not.
Image by: 1) Francisco A. Betancourt



Genus Pseudocolaptes

Cacholote, Brown  Pseudoseisura lophotes  Found: South America
The Brown Cacholote has mainly brown plumage; darker crest; rufous rump, tail.
Image by: Claudio Timm - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil 


Tuftedcheek, Buffy  Pseudocolaptes lawrencii  Found: Costa Rica, Panama, Columbia, Ecuador
The Buffy Tuftedcheek has brown back; black wings; buff streaked dark brown cap; buffy cheeks, throat; olive-brown underparts with spotting on breast.
Image by: 1) Dominic Sherony


Tuftedcheek, Streaked  Pseudocolaptes boissonneautii  Found: mounains of northern South America
Image by: 1, 2) Jose Loiza2



Genus Pygarrhichas - 1 species

Treerunner, White-throated  Pygarrhichas albogularis  Found: Chile, Argentina
The White-throated Treerunner has rufous-brown upperparts; white throat, upper-breast; scaled white and brown belly. It is nuthatch-like in form and habits.
Image by: 1) Dominic Sherony - Argentina



Genus Roraimia - 1 species

Barbtail, Roraiman  Roraimia adusta  Found: Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela
The Roraiman Barbtail warm brown upperparts; bold rufous supercilium; white throat; heavily streaked underparts; obviously barbed tail.
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit



Genus Tarphonomus

Earthcreeper, Bolivian  Tarphonomus harterti  Found: Bolivia
Image by: 1) Paul Jones


Earthcreeper, Chaco  Tarphonomus certhioides  Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay
The Chaco Earthcreeper has brown upperparts; darker underparts; white throat; rufous forehead.
Image by: 1) Ron Knight



Genus Upucerthia

Earthcreeper, Buff-breasted  Upucerthia validirostris  Found: argentina, Bolivia
Image by: 1) Ron Knight - Argentina  2) Zoltan Von Bernath


Earthcreeper, Patagonian Forest  Upucerthia saturatior  Found: Argentina, Chile
Image by: 1) Walter Ballero  2) Antonio Maureira - Chile


Earthcreeper, Scale-throated  Upucerthia dumetaria  Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru, Uruguay
The Scale-thoated Earthcreeper has brownish upperparts with rufous in wings and tail; long, thin down-curved bill; scaly appearance to lower throat.
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Dominic Sherony - Argentina  3) Robert Lewis - Chile


Earthcreeper, White-throated  Upucerthia albigula  Found: Chile, Peru
Image by: 1) Dick Culbert  2) Richard Gibbons - Lima



Genus Xenops

Xenops, Plain  Xenops minutus  Found: South America
The Plain Xenops has mainly brown plumage; white moustachial stripe; white post-eye stripe; rufous on wings and tail.
Image by: 1)   Dario Sanches- Brazil  2) Andres Cuervo


Xenops, Slender-billed  Xenops tenuirostris  Found: South America
The Slender-billed Xenops has rufous and black tail; rufous wing band; narrow white supercilium.
Image by: 1, 2) Carol Foil - Peru


Xenops, Streaked  Xenops rutilans  Found: South America
The Streaked Xenops has brown upperparts becoming rufous on tail, rump; whitish supercilium and malar stripe; white-streaked olive-brown underparts.
Image by: 1) Dario Sanches - Brazil  2) Barloventomagico - Venezuela








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