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GNATEATERS

 Order Passeriformes     Family Conopophagidae

Gnateaters eat insects. One way they catch insects is to perch in a tree and plung to the ground when an insect is spotted. They then stay on the ground only briefly. They also take insects directly from the tree. Gnateaters are difficult to spot and thus are poorly studied. They are located in Central and South America. They are round, short-tailed, and long-legged birds, They are quite upright when standing.

The members of this family are very closely related to the antbirds of family Thamnophilidae and less closely to the antpittas (Grallariidae) and tapaculos (Rhinocryptidae).


Genus Conopophaga
Gnateaters are small birds; have short tails; usually have white ear line.

Gnateater, Ash-throated  Conopophaga peruviana  Found: Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru
The male Ash-throated Gnateater has gray underparts, face; white tuffs behind ears; dark brown wings. Female broadly similar except orange-rufous face, underparts.
Image by: 1) Kristian Svensson  2) Castelnau  3) Biodiversidad 
1) Female


Gnateater, Black-cheeked  Conopophaga melanops  Found: Brazil
The male Black-cheeked Gnateater mainly brown upperparts; bright rufous crown; black mask; white throat; gray underparts. Female has mainly orange-rufous underparts; darker upperparts; brownish face.
Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches
1) Female 2) Male


Gnateater, Chestnut-bellied  Conopophaga aurita  Found: South America
The Chestnut-bellied Gnateater has brown upperparts, crown; white supercilium; buff or white belly; pinkish-gray legs. Male (female) has black (rufous) face, throat; rufous breast.
Image by: 1) Phillip Stouffer  2) Claudio Timm
1) Female   2) Male
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Gnateater, Chestnut-crowned  Conopophaga castaneiceps  Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The male Chestnut-crowned Gnateater has very dark underparts; rufous forehead; long white ear-tufts. Female has brown upperparts; rufous head, throat; shorter white ear-tufts.
Image by: 1, 2) Chrystopher Canaday - Ecuador  3) Jose Loaiza - Ecuador 
1, 2) Female  3) Male


Gnateater, Hooded  Conopophaga roberti  Found: Brazil
The male Hooded Gnateater has brown upperparts; black head, neck, bib; white ear tuff; gray flanks; white belly. Females have rufous crown; paler rufous ear coverts;  gray breast; white throat, belly.
Image by: 1) Antonio Pessoa  2) Claudio Timm


Gnateater, Rufous  Conopophaga lineata   Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches - Brazil
1) Female   2) Male


Gnateater, Slaty  Conopophaga ardesiaca  Found: Joaquin Ugarte
The Slaty Gnateater has brown upperparts; gray throat, breast; white post ear stripe; rufous crown. Female also has rufous fore-crown.
Image by: 1) Joaquin Ugarte



Genus Pittasoma
The two species of Pittasoma are round, short-tailed, and long-legged birds - the largest members of the gnateater family. These terrestrial birds are quite upright when standing. They are insectivorous.

Antpitta, Black-crowned  Pittasoma michleri  Found: Colombia, Costa Rica, and Panama.
Image by: 1) HarmonyOnPlanetEarth  2) Patrick ODonnel


Antpitta, Rufous-crowned  Pittasoma rufopileatum  Found: Colombia, Ecuador.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans





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