WARBLER-like Familes

FOUND mainly in

Australasia
Asia, Europe
Madagascar
Africa, Asia

Africa, Asia, Australasia
Africa, Asia, Australasia
Africa
Asia

New World
Asia, Europe
Africa, Asia, Europe, NA
Africa, Asia, Europe
COMMON NAME

Australian Warblers
Reed Warblers
Malagasy warblers
Bush Warblers

Apalis, Cisticola, Tailorbird
Grass Warblers and allies
African Warblers
Parrotbills

New World Warblers
Leaf-Warblers
Kinglets
Typical Warblers

MALAGASY WARBLERS

Order Passeriformes    Family Bernieridae

These warbler-like birds are found in Madagascar. They are small forest birds and are not closely related to the Sylviidae Warblers or the Timaliidae Babblers that they have been previously linked with. Their resemblance is due to convergent evolution. Most Malagasy warblers live in the humid rainforests in the east of Madagascar, though a few species are found in the drier south west of the island. They feed on insects and will form mixed-species feeding flocks of up to six species while foraging.


Genus Bernieria - 1 species

Bernieria, Long-billed  Bernieria madagascariensis  Found: Madagascar
The Long-billed Bernieria has green upperparts; long bill. It is found in moist warm lowland forests.
Image by: 1) Daniel Guip  2) Dick Daniels - Madagascar  3) Robert Lewis



Genus Crossleyia - 1 species

Yellowbrow, Madagascar  also Yellow-browed Oxylabes  Crossleyia xanthophrys  Found; Madagascar
Image by: 1) nlb birder



Genus Cryptosylvicola - 1 species

Warbler, Cryptic    Cryptosylvicola randrianasoloi  Found: Madagascar
Image by: 1) Marcus Lilje



Genus Hartertula - 1 species

Jery, Wedge-tailed  Hartertula flavoviridis  Found: east Madagascar
The Wedge-tailed Jery has olive upperparts; yellow throat and upper-breast.
Image by: 1) Ross Tsai  2) Kristian Svensson



Genus Oxylabes - 1 species

Oxylabes, White-throated   Oxylabes madagascariensis  Found: Madagascar
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit   2) Paul French



Genus Randia - 1 species

Warbler, Rand's  Randia pseudozosterops  Found: Madagascar
Image by: 1) foto lulu



Genus Thamnornis - 1 species

Thamnornis  Thamnornis chloropetoides  Found: Madagascar
Image by: 1) Ross Tsai  2) Kristian Sevensson



Genus Xanthomixis

Tetraka, Appert's  Xanthomixis apperti  Found: southwest Madagascar
The Appert's Tetraka has green upperparts; darker wings;  gray head; white throat; orange underparts; pink bill; gray legs. Found in shrubs or on the ground.
Image by: 1) Laval Roy   2) Marcus Lilje


Tetraka, Gray-crowned  Xanthomixis cinereiceps  Found: Eastern and northern Madagascar
The Gray-crowned Tetraka has green upperparts; gray crown, nape; white eye-ring; pale underparts.
Image by: 1) Paul Ellis


Tetraka, Spectacled  Xanthomixis zosterops  Found: Madagascar
The Spectacled Tetraka has green upperparts; pale eye-ring; yellow throat.
Image by: 1) David Cook 2) Kristian Sevensson





Ciscolidae WARBLERs

  Order Passeriformes    Family Cisticolidae

The Cisticolidae family of small passerine birds is a group of about 110 warblers found mainly in warmer southern regions of the Old World. This family probably originated in Africa, which has the majority of species, but there are representatives of the family across tropical Asia into Australasia, and one species, the Zitting cisticola, even breeds in Europe.

These are generally very small birds of drab brown or grey appearance found in open country such as grassland or scrub. They are often difficult to see and many species are similar in appearance, so the song is often the best identification guide. These are insectivorous birds which nest low in vegetation.


Genus Apalis
They are found in forest, woodlands and scrub across most parts of sub-Saharan Africa. They are slender birds with long tails and have a slender bill for catching insects. They are typically brown, grey or green above and several species have brightly coloured underparts. Males and females are usually similar in appearance.

Apalis, Bamenda  Apalis bamendae  Found: Cameroon
Image by: 1) Nigel Voaden  2) Marcel Holyoak 


Apalis, Bar-throated  Apalis thoracica  Found: Africa
Depending on the subspecies, the upperparts of the Bar-throated Apalis can be gray or green while the underparts are white or pale yellow. All forms have a narrow black band across the breast, white outer tail-feathers and a pale eye. The black bill is fairly long and slender and is slightly curved. Females are similar to males but have a narrower breastband.
Similar to: Rudd's Apalis. Bar-throated Apalis has pale eye; Rudd's Apalis has black eye.
Image by: Brian Ralphs - Addo National Park in the Eastern Province of South Africa


Apalis, Black-capped  Apalis nigriceps  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Henrik Gronvold  2) Francesco Veronesi - Ghana
1) Male - top; female - bottom


Apalis, Black-collared  Apalis pulchra Found: Africa
The Black-collared Apalis has white underparts with a wide black breast-band and rufous flanks.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya   2) John Gerrard Keulemans  3) Mike Comber - Kenya


Apalis, Black-faced
  also Mountain-masked Apalis  Apalis personata  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Tom Tarrant - Uganda


Apalis, Black-headed  Apalis melanocephala  Found: Africa
The Black-headed Apalis has dark upperparts; white underparts.
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi - Malawi


Apalis, Black-throated  Apalis jacksoni  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2, 3) Dave Curtis - Kenya


Apalis, Brown-headed  Apalis alticola  Found: central and east Africa
The Brown-headed Apalis has gray-brown upperparts; brown crown, cheeks.
Image by: 1) Barbara Lawrence - Tanzania


Apalis, Chestnut-throated  Apalis porphyrolaema  Found: Africa
%%The Cghestnut-throated Apalis has a chestnut (rufos) throat.
Image by: 1) Tom Tarrant  2) Francesco Veronesi - Uganda


Apalis, Gray  Apalis cinerea  Found: Africa
The Gray Apalis has gray upperparts; white underparts
Image by: 1) Peter Steward - Kenya  1, 2) Carol Foil - Kenya


Apalis, Karamoja  Apalis karamojae  Found: Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya
Image by: 1) Steve Popple - Tanzania


Apalis, Masked  also  Lowland Masked Apalis  Apalis binotata  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Nik Borrow


Apalis, Rudd's  Apalis ruddFound: Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa
The Bar-throated has gray or green upperparts; white or pale yellow underparts; narrow black band across the breast; black eye. The black bill is fairly long and slender and is slightly curved. Females are similar to males but have a narrower breastband.
Similar to: Bar-throated Apalis. Bar-throated Apalis has pale eye; Rudd's Apalis has black eye.
Image by: 1) Alan Manson - South Africa  2) Francesco Veronesi


Apalis, Ruwenzori  also  Collared Apalis  Apalis ruwenzorii  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Marcell Claassen - Rwanda


Apalis, Sharpe's  Apalis sharpii  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Mike Barth


Apalis, Yellow-breasted  Apalis flavida   Found: Africa
The Yellow-breasted Apalis has gray head; may be black breast patch; white throat; yellowish upper-breast.ß
Image by: 1) Steve Garvie - Abuko, The Gambia  2) Darren Bellerby - Crater Lake, Naivasha, Kenya  3, 4, 5) Dick Daniels - Masai Mara




Genus Bathmocercus

Warbler, Black-capped Rufous-  also Black-headed Rufous-Warbler  Bathmocercus cerviniventris  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit


Warbler, Black-faced Rufous  Bathmocercus rufus  Found: Africa
The male Black-faced Warbler has rufous upperparts, rear of head; black face. Female has olive-gray upperparts, rear of head; black face.
Image by: 1) Lee Hunter - Uganda



Genus Calamonastes

Warbler, Barred Wren-  Calamonastes fasciolatus  Found: southern Africa
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Ian White


Warbler, Gray Wren  Calamonastes simpleFound: Africa
The Grey Wern-Warbler is dark brownish-gray with inconspicuous barred markings. The tail is black and the eye red. It is more likely to be heard than seen though there may be an occasional glimpse of its tail which wags up and down as it forages. Its sharp call is rather like two stones striking each other.
Image by: 1) C. E. Lodge  2) Carol Foil - Samburu District, Kenya


Warbler, Miombo Wren- also  Stirlings Wren-Warbler  Calamonastes undosus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Nigel Voaden - Congo  2) Dian Derksen - Botswana 
2) Stirlings Wren-Warbler: Calamonastes (undosus) stierlingi



Genus Camaroptera

Camaroptera, Gray-backed  Camaroptera brevicaudata  Found: Africa
The Gray-backed Camaroptera has gray upperparts and a gray short cocked tail. The wings are olive and the underparts whitish grey.
Sometimes considered same species as Green-backed Camaroptera.
. Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Derek Keats - South Africa  3) Carol Foil - Kenya


Camaroptera, Green-backed  Camaroptera brachyura  Found: Africa
Sometimes considered same species as Gray-backed Camaroptera.

. Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Jerry Oldenettel - Namibia 3) Francesco Veronesi - Malawi  4) Ian White


Camaroptera, Olive-green  Camaroptera chloronota  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Dave Curtis - Kenya


Camaroptera, Yellow-browed  Camaroptera superciliaris  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Marcel Holyoak - Cameroon



Genus Cisticola
Because of their small size and brown plumage, they are more easily heard than seen.
The female builds a discreet nest deep in the grasses, often binding living leaves into the soft fabric of felted plant down, cobweb, and grass. The following refernces have been used for some descriptions:
Birds of Kenya and Northern Tanzania by Zimmerman, Turner and Pearson.
Bird of Southern Africa by Newman.

Cisticola, Aberdare  Cisticola aberdare  Found: Kenya
The Stout Cisticola has a stout body; buffy-gray upperparts with dark streaks; streaked rufous nape; reddish-brown crown; whitish underparts. Male much larger than female.
Similar to: Stout Cisticola. Stout Cisticola has plain nape and is found below 2500 meters; Aberdare Cisticola has streaked nape and is found above 2300 meters.
Image by: 1) Dave Curtis  2) Peter Steward


Cisticola, Ashy   Cisticola cinereolus  Found: Africa
The Ashy Cisticoal has grayish-brown upperparts with dark streaks; brown crown; pale buffy underparts.
Image by: 1) Frederic Salein - Kenya  2) Mark Piazzi - Ethiopia


Cisticola, Black-backed  Cisticola eximius  Found: Africa
The Black-backed Cisticola has black back with white stripes; chestnt crown or black crown with white stripes; reddish or reddish brown rump. The chestnut crowned subspecies has a shorter tail.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Joseph Mochoge - Gilgil, Kenya  4) Dave Curtis - Kenya
1, 2) Female  3) Male


Cisticola, Black-lored  Cisticola nigriloris  Found: Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia
Image by: 1) Dave Appleton - Malawi


Cisticola, Black-tailed  also  Slender-tailed Cisticola  Cisticola melanurus  Found: Angola, D.R. Congo
Image by:  1) Henrik Gronvold


Cisticola, Boran  Cisticola bodessa  Found: Africa
The Wailing Cisticola has gray back with dark stripes; pale brown crown; paler rufous underparts; rufous wing edges.
Similar to: Wailing Cisticola. Wailing Cisticola has more rufous crown than Boran Cisticola.
Image by: 1, 2) Carol Foil - Kenya


Cisticola, Bubbling  Cisticola bulliens  Found: Angola, Congo
Image by: 1) Tommy Pedersen - Angola


Cisticola, Carruthers's  Cisticola carruthersi  Found: Africa
The Carruthers's Cisticola has heavily streaked back; reddish-brown head; some brown on wings; call similar to winding of a clock.
Similar to: Winding Cisticola. Winding Cisticola has redder head than Carruthers's Cisticola. Carruthers's Cisticola has no red on wings.
Image by: 1) Hans Oloffson - Uganda


Cisticola, Chattering  Cisticola anonymus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Seth of Rabi - Nigeria


Cisticola, Chirping  Cisticola pipiens   Found: northern Botswana wetlands
Image by: 1) Lip Kee - Botswana 2) Ron Knight - Botswana


Cisticola, Chubb's  Cisticola chubbi  Found: Africa
The Chubb's Cisticola has brown upperparts; rufous crown; rufousish nape; off white underparts.
Image by: 1) Peter Steward - Kenya  2) Dave Curtis - Kenya


Cisticola, Churring  Cisticola njombe  Found: Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia.
Image by: 1)Fancesco Veronesi - Malawi 2) Dave Appleton - Malawi


Cisticola, Cloud  Cisticola textrix Found: mostly in South Africa
The Cloud Cisticola has brown upperparts with streaking; whitish underparts; broad tail which is frequently flicked. Breeding male has darker upperparts than nonbreeding male or female..
Similar to: Cloud Cisticola, Desert Cisticola, Wing-snapping Cisticola, Zitting Cisticola. These Cisticolas are difficult to identify by plumage. Cloud Cisticola male call is see-see-see-see-chick-chick-chick or just chick repeated many times; does not wing-snap. Desert Cisticola call is high pitch zink-zink-zink... or tuc tuc tuc tuc wee; wing-snaps. Wing-snapping Cisticola male call is soo-see-see-see or ticka-ticka-ticka ..; does violent wing-snapping. Zitting Cisticola male calll is zit-zit-zit ...; does not wing-snap. (From Birds of Southern Africa by Kenneth Newman.)
Image by: 1) Alan Manson  2) Mike Barth


Cisticola, Croaking  Cisticola natalensis  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Dave Curtis - Kenya  3) Aaron Maizlish - Ghana  4) Joseph Mochoge - Gilgil, Kenya


Cisticola, Desert  Cisticola aridulus  Found: Africa
The Desert Cisticola has brown upperparts with streaking; whitish underparts; broad tail which is frequently flicked. Breeding male has darker upperparts than nonbreeding male or female..
Similar to: Cloud Cisticola, Desert Cisticola, Wing-snapping Cisticola, Zitting Cisticola. These Cisticolas are difficult to identify by plumage. Cloud Cisticola male call is see-see-see-see-chick-chick-chick or just chick repeated many times; does not wing-snap. Desert Cisticola call is high pitch zink-zink-zink... or tuc tuc tuc tuc wee; wing-snaps. Wing-snapping Cisticola male call is soo-see-see-see or ticka-ticka-ticka ..; does violent wing-snapping. Zitting Cisticola male calll is zit-zit-zit ...; does not wing-snap. (From Birds of Southern Africa by Kenneth Newman.)
Image by: 1, 2) Lip Kee - Kenya  3) Ian White - Botswana


Cisticola, Dorst's  Cisticola guinea  Found: Africa
The Dorst's Cisticola has been considered a subspecies of the Red-pate Cisticola.
Image by: 1) Ron Knight - Cameroon


Cisticola, Foxy  Cisticola troglodytes  Found: Africa
The Foxy Cisticola has rufous upperparts; buffy underparts; pale eye-ring with faint supercilium.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Francesco Veronesi - Uganda


Cisticola, Golden-headed  Cisticola exilis  Australia
Image by: 1) Aviceda - Queensland, Australia  2) Shyamal


Cisticola, Gray  Cisticola rufilatus  Found: Africa
The Gray Cisticola and Levaillant's Cisticola are both sometimes know as a Tinkling Cisticola. This is of course can be confusing!
Image by: 1) Jeremy Smith- Zimbabwe


Cisticola, Hunter's  Cisticola hunteri  Found: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
The Hunter's Cisticola has brown upperparts with relatively faint streaking; black lores; grayish underparts.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Peter Steward - Kenya  3) Steve Garvie - Kenya


Cisticola, Lazy   also  Rock-loving Cisticola  Cisticola aberrans  Found: Africa
The Rock-loving Cisticola, Cisticola aberrans emini, is sometimes considered a seperate species Cisticola emini.
Image by: 1) Alan Manson - South Africa  2, 3) Ian White - South Africa


Cisticola, Levaillant's also Tinkling Cisticola  Cisticola tinniens Found: Africa
Levaillant's Cisticola is a dull-coloured bird with a longish tail and a reddish cap. The upperparts of the breeding adult are gray, heavily streaked with black, and with a rufous panel in the folded wing The supercilium, face and underparts are buffy white and the tail is russet brow. The short straight bill is blackish-brown with a pinkish base, and the feet and legs are pinkish-brown. The eye is light brown. Non-breeding adults are browner-backed,

The Gray Cisticola and Levaillant's Cisticola are both sometimes know as a Tinkling Cisticola. This is of course can be confusing!
Image by: 1, 2) Craig Adam - South Africa  3) Dick Daniels - Kruger National Park, South Africa  4, 5) Carol Foil - Kenya



Cisticola, Madagascar  Cisticola cherina  Found: Madagascar, Seychelles
The Madagascar Cisticola has brown or gray with streaks upperparts, wings, head; pale undersides.
Image by: 1) Andy Bunting   2) Laval Roy


Cisticola, Pale-crowned  Cisticola cinnamomeus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Alan Manson - South Africa  2) Yolandé Oelsen


Cisticola, Pectoral-patch  Cisticola brunnescens  Found; Africa
The Pectoral-patch Cisticolar usually has a pectoral (shoulder) patch, but it may be lacking. It has black back with white streaks; short tail.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - Nairobi National Park  2) Francesco Veronesi - Kenya  3) Brian Butcher - Ethiopia
1) Identified by Jose Mochoge.


Cisticola, Piping  also  Neddicky  Cisticola fulvicapilla  Found: Africa
The Piping Cisticola has plain brown upperparts; rufous cap; whitish or blue-gray underparts  Call is chirir- chirri-chirri-chirri in rainny season or ticki-ticki-ticki-ticki when alarmed. (From Birds of Southern Africa by Kenneth Newman.)
Image by: 1) Derek Keats  2) Ian White  3) Crawford


Cisticola, Rattling  Cisticola chiniana  Found: Africa
The Rattling Cisticola has a streaked back; rufous crown, wing edges; whitish lores
Image by: 1, 4) Ian White  2) Alan Manson  3) Jerry OLdenettel - Botswana  5) Joseph Mochoge - Gilgil, Kenya
1) Juvenile  2) Female  3, 4, 5) Male



Cisticola, Red-faced  Cisticola erythrops  Found: Africa
The Red-faced Cisticola has greenish-gray upperparts with paler nape; reddish face; pale buffy underparts with rufous tinge.
Image by: 1) Alan Manson  2) Peter Steward


Cisticola, Red-headed  also  Gray-backed Cisticola  Cisticola subruficapilla  Found: Angola, Namibia, South Africa
Image by: 1) Alan Manson - South Africa  2) Blake Matheson - South Africa


Cisticola, Red-pate  Cisticola ruficeps  Found: Africa
The Dorst's Cisticola has been considered a subspecies of the Red-pate Cisticola.
Image by: 1) Ron Knight - Cameroon


Cisticola, Rufous  Cisticola rufus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Nigel Voaden


Cisticola, Siffling  also Short-winged Cisticola  Cisticola brachypterus Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Carol Foil - Kenya  2) Dave Curtis - Nairobi National Park, Kenya 3, 4, 5, 6) Dick Daniels - Kigio Wildlife Conservancy (near Gilgil), Kenya


Cisticola, Singing  Cisticola cantans  Found: Africa
The Singing Cisticola has gray-brown upperparts; dull rufous crown, wing edges.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Dave Curtis


Cisticola, Stout  Cisticola robustus  Found: Africa
The Stout Cisticola has a stout body; buffy-gray upperparts with dark streaks; rufous nape; reddish-brown crown; short tail; whitish underparts. Male much larger than female.
Similar to: Aberdare Cisticola. Stout Cisticola has plain nape and is found below 2500 meters; Aberdare Cisticola has streaked nape and is found above 2300 meters.
Image by:  1, 2) Carol Foil - Kenya  3) Wifflepeg - Kenya


Cisticola, Tiny  Cisticola nana  Found: Africa
The Tiny Cisticola has grayish upperparts with darker streaks; pale underparts.
Image by:  1, 2, 3) Jose Mochoge - Kenya
1, 2) Female  3) Male


Cisticola, Trilling  Cisticola woosnami  Found: Africa
The Trilling Cisticola has brown upperparts; large bill; white underparts; gray flanks.
Image by: 1) Mike and Helen Cox - Uganda  2) David Cook - Uganda


Cisticola, Wailing
  Cisticola lais  Found: Africa
The Wailing Cisticola has gray back with dark stripes; pale rufous-brown crown with faint streaking; paler rufous underparts; rufous wing edges.
Similar to: Boran Cisticola. Wailing Cisticola has more rufous crown than Boran Cisticola.
Image by: 1) Alan Manson - South Africa  2) Marcel Holyoak - Zambia


Cisticola, Whistling  Cisticola lateralis  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Peter Steward - Kenya


Cisticola, Winding  Cisticola galactotes  Found: Africa
The Winding Cisticola has heavily streaked back; rufous head; some rufous on wings; call similar to winding of a clock.
Similar to: Carruthers's Cisticola. Winding Cisticola has redder head than Carruthers's Cisticola. Carruthers's Cisticola has no red on wings.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2, 3) Dick - Nairobi National Park
2, 3) Tentative identification - the black line on head is problematic.


Cisticola, Wing-snapping  Cisticola ayresii  Found: Africa
The Wing-snapping Cisticola has brown upperparts with streaking; whitish underparts; broad tail which is frequently flicked. Breeding male has darker upperparts than nonbreeding male or female..
Similar to: Cloud Cisticola, Desert Cisticola, Wing-snapping Cisticola, Zitting Cisticola. These Cisticolas are difficult to identify by plumage. Cloud Cisticola male call is see-see-see-see-chick-chick-chick or just chick repeated many times; does not wing-snap. Desert Cisticola call is high pitch zink-zink-zink... or tuc tuc tuc tuc wee; wing-snaps. Wing-snapping Cisticola male call is soo-see-see-see or ticka-ticka-ticka ..; does violent wing-snapping. Zitting Cisticola male calll is zit-zit-zit ...; does not wing-snap. (From Birds of Southern Africa by Kenneth Newman.)
Image by: 1) Joseph Wolf  2) Alan Manson - South Africa  3, 4, 5, 6) Dick Daniels - near Nairobi, Kenya


Cisticola, Zitting   also  Fan-tailed Cisticola  Cisticola juncidis  Found: Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia
The Zitting Cisticola has brown upperparts with streaking; whitish underparts; broad tail which is frequently flicked. Breeding male has darker upperparts than nonbreeding male or female..
Similar to: Cloud Cisticola, Desert Cisticola, Wing-snapping Cisticola, Zitting Cisticola. These Cisticolas are difficult to identify by plumage. Cloud Cisticola male call is see-see-see-see-chick-chick-chick or just chick repeated many times; does not wing-snap. Desert Cisticola call is high pitch zink-zink-zink... or tuc tuc tuc tuc wee; wing-snaps. Wing-snapping Cisticola male call is soo-see-see-see or ticka-ticka-ticka ..; does violent wing-snapping. Zitting Cisticola male calll is zit-zit-zit ...; does not wing-snap. (From Birds of Southern Africa by Kenneth Newman.)
Image by: 1) JM Garg - West Bengal, India  2, 3) Ferran Pestana - Spain  4) Ian White - Botswana



Genus Drymocichla

Warbler, Red-winged Gray  Drymocichla incana  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Michael and Helen Cox



Genus Eminia

Warbler, Gray-capped  Eminia lepida  Found: Africa
The Gray-capped Warbler has yellowish-olive upperparts; gray cap, underparts; broad black eye-line; chestnut throat;
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Demetrius Kessey - Tanzania  3) Sergey Yeliseev - Kenya



Genus Eremomela

Eremomela, Black-necked  Eremomela atricollis  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Nigel Voaden - Congo


Eremomela, Burnt-neck  Eremomela atricollis  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit 2) Ian White 3) Johann du Preez - South Africa


Eremomela, Greencap  also  Green-capped Eremomela  Eremomela scotops  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  3) Dave Appleton


Eremomela, Rufous-crowned  Eremomela badiceps  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Debbie - Central African Republic


Eremomela, Senegal  Eremomela pusilla  Found: equatorial Africa
Image by: 1) JV Verde - Gambia  2) Muchaxo - Gambia


Eremomela, Turner's  Eremomela turneri  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Dave Curtis - Kenya


Eremomela, Yellow-rumped  also  Karoo Eremomela  Eremomela gregalis  Found: Namibia, South Africa
Image by: 1) Dave Baddle  South Africa 2) Birdsurfer - South Africa


Eremomela, Yellow-vented  Eremomela flavicrissalis  Found: dry savannas of Africa
Image by: 1, 2) Dave Curtis  - Kenya



Genus Euryptila - 1 species

Warbler, Cinnamon-breasted  also  Kopje Warbler  Euryptila subcinnamomea Found: Namibia, South Africa
Image by: 1) Alan Manson - South Africa



Genus Heliolais - 1 species

Warbler, Red-winged  Heliolais erythropterus  Found: Africa
The Red-winged Warbler has grayish-brown (breeding) or reddish-brown (nonbreeding) upperparts; red wing patch; off-white underparts
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya


Genus Hypergerus - 1 species

Warbler, Oriole   Hypergerus atriceps    Found: Africa
The Oriole Warbler has a long tail, strong legs and a long black bill. Adults are light olive above, yellow below and have a black hood. The species' name refers to their resemblance to the unrelated but similarly black and yellow orioles.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo  2) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo



Genus Malcorus - 1 species

Warbler, Rufous-eared  Malcorus pectoralis  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Alastair Rae  2) Mike Richardson - South Africa



Genus Neomixis
These three African Warblers are endemic to Madagascar. The Wedge-tailed Jerry was previously considered to be part of this genus.

Jery, Common  Neomixis tenella  Found: Madagascar
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Ross Tsai  3, 4, 5) Dick Daniels Kirindy Forest, Madagascar



Jery, Green  Neomixis viridis  Found: Madagascar
Image by: 1) Laval Roy


Jery, Stipe-throated  Neomixis striatigula  Found: Madagascar
Image by 1) John Gerrard Keuelmans  2) Robert Lewis 3) Bryan Smith



Genus Orthotomus
These warblers are usually brightly colored, with green or grey upperparts and yellow white or gray underparts. They often have chestnut on the head. Tailorbirds have short rounded wings, short tails, strong legs and long curved bills. The tail is typically held upright, like a wren. They are typically found in open woodland, scrub and gardens. They get their name from the way their nest is constructed. The edges of a large leaf are pierced and sewn together with plant fibre or spider's web to make a cradle in which the actual grass nest is built. Tailorbirds are found mainly in southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines.

Tailoerbird, Ashy  Orthotomus ruficeps  Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines
Image by: 1) Lip Kee - Singapore  2) Melvin Yap - Singapore 3) Manjeet  Singh - Malaysia


Tailorbird, Cambodian  Orthotomus chaktomuk  Found: Cambodia
The Cambodian Tailorbird has dark gray upperparts, upper-breast; orange-red crown; whitish cheeks; black throat with white "whiskers"; pale gray lower-breast, belly.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans 2) Funky Boyky


Tailorbird, Common  Orthotomus sutorius  Found: Asia
The Common Tailorbird has a greenish upper body plumage, long upright tail and the rust colured forehead and crown. It is typically found in open farmland, scrub, forest edges and gardens.
Image by: 1, 4) J M Garg - Hyderabad , India  2) Yim Hafiz  3) Bhardwaj Shanthanu - India
1, 2, 3) Male  4) Female


Tailorbird, Dark-necked   Orthotomus atrogularis  Found: Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia
Image by: 1) Lip Kee - Indonesia  2) NatureAtYourBackyard  3) Rushen - Thailand  4) Charlie Westerinen - northern Thailand


Tailorbird, Gray-backed
  Orthotomus derbianus  Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) Joseph Wolf  2) Neon Rosell


Tailorbird, Olive-backed  Orthotomus sepium  Found: Java and Bali in Indonesia
Image by: 1) Wade Strickland - West Java   2) laloq3 - malaysia


Tailorbird, Philippine    Orthotomus castaneiceps  Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) Dominic Deloso


Tailorbird, Rufous-fronted Orthotomus sericeus  Found: Philippines
Imge by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Marcel Holyoak


Tailorbird, Rufous-tailed  Orthotomus sutorius  Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia
mage by: 1, 2) Rackk67


Tailorbird. White-eared  Orthotomus cinereiceps  Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Bram Demeulemeester



Genus Phyllolais - 1 Genus

Warbler, Buff-bellied
  Phyllolais pulchella  Found: Africa
The Buff-bellied Warbler has gray-brown upperparts; buff underparts.
Image by: 1) Peter Steward - Kenya



Genus Poliolais - 1 species

Warbler, White-tailed  Poliolais lopezi  Found: Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Nigel Voadem - Cameroon



Genus Prinia
The prinias are tropical and subtropical, the roughly thirty species being divided fairly equally between Africa and Asia. They are mainly of open habitats such as long grass or scrub, in which they are not easily seen. They are mainly resident, migration being limited to local cold weather movements. Prinias have short wings but long tapering tails. They are fairly drab birds, brown or gray above (sometimes with dark streaks) and whitish below. Some species have different breeding and non-breeding plumages. The bill is a typical insectivore's, thin and slightly curved. There are approximately 25 species.

Prinia, Ashy  Prinia socialis  Found: India region
The Ashy Prinia has short rounded wings and longish graduated cream tail tipped with black subterminal spots. The tail is usually held upright. They have a short black bill. The crown is gray and the underparts are rufous in most plumages. In breeding plumage, adults of the northern population are ash gray above, with a black crown and cheek with no supercilium and rufescent wings. In non-breeding season, this population has a short and narrow white supercilium.[
Image by: 1, 2, 3) J M Garg - Lotus Pond, Hyderabad, India.


Prinia, Banded  Prinia bairdii  Found: Africa
The Banded Prinia has dark brown upperparts; black head; black-and-white barred underparts with a white lower-belly; yellow eyes.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Steve Garvie - Kenya
1) unrealistic eye


Prinia, Bar-winged
  Prinia familiaris  Found: Indonesia
The Bar-winged Prinia has brown back,tail; gray cap; 2 white wing-bars; white throat; yellowish underparts; orange legs.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Lip Kee - Java


Prinia, Black-chested  Prinia flavicans  Found: Africa
Image by: 1, 2) Ian White - Modipane, Kgatleng, Botswana


Prinia, Black-throated Prinia atrogularis  Found: eastern Himalayas
Similar to: Hill Prinia.
Image by: 1) Jerry Oldenettel - Thailand 2) Naturelly


Prinia, Brown   Prinia polychroa  Found: Asia
Image by: JJ Harrison - Tasmania, Australia


Prinia, Drakensberg  Prinia hypoxantha  Found: South Africa
The Drakensberk Prinia has brown upperparts; whitish supercilium; yellowish underparts with dark streaking; pinkish-brown legs; pale eye.
Image by: 1)Alan Manson 2) Francesco Veronesi


Prinia, Graceful  Prinia gracilis  Found: Africa, Asia
The Graceful Prinia has gray-brown upperparts with dark streaking; whitish underparts with buff flanks; short black bill.
Image by: 1) Tarique Sani - India  2) Baresi Franco  3) Noel Reynolds - Abu Dhabi


Prinia, Gray-breasted  Prinia hodgsonii  Found: Asia
The Gray-breasted Prinia has short rounded wings, a longish tail, strong legs and a short black bill. In breeding plumage, adults are gray-brown above, with no supercilium, a black eye stripe and orange eyering. They have a rufous wing panel and underparts are white with a gray breast band. Non-breeding birds have browner upperpart plumage, a white supercilium, and lack the breast band.
Image by: 1) J M Garg - near Hyderabad, India  2) Darren Bellerby - Hong Kong Wetland Park, Hong Kong

:
Prinia, Hill  Prinia superciliaris  Found: Asia, Indonesia
Similar to: Black-throated Prinia.
Image by: 1) Gary Kinard


Prinia, Jungle
  Prinia sylvatica  Found: Indian subcontinent, Sri Lanka
The breeding Jungle Prinia has gray-brown upperparts; brown rump; white supercilium; whitish buff underparts. Nonbreeding has brown upperparts; more buff underparts.
Image by: 1, 2) Joby Josleph  3) JM Garg - India
1) Juvenile


Prinia, Karoo  Prinia maculosa  Found: southern Africa
The Karoo Prinia has brown upperparts; whiteish supercilium; yeoowish-white underparts with dark streaking.
Image by: 1) Derek Keats - South Africa  2)Logan Kahle - South Africa 3) Mike Richardson - South Africa


Prinia, Pale  Prinia somalica  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Graham Ekins - Ethiopia


Prinia, Plain  Prinia inornata Found: Asia
The Plain Prinia has short rounded wings, a longish tail, strong legs and a short black bill. In breeding plumage, adults are gray-brown above, with a short white supercilium and rufous fringes on the closed wings. Underparts are whitish-buff. In winter, the upperparts are a warmer brown, and the underparts more buff. The tail is longer than in summer.
Image by: 1, 2) JM Garg in Kolkata, West Bengal, Indi  3) Charles


Prinia, River
  Prinia fluviatilis  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Ron Knight - Cameroon  2) Jan Fischer Rasmussen - Niger


Prinia, Rufescent   Prinia rufescens Found: south Asia
Image by: 1) Ron Knight  2) Vijay Ismavel


Prinia, Rufous-fronted  Prinia buchanani  Found: India and Pakistan
Image by: 1) Koshy Koshy - India  2) Lip Kee - India


Prinia, Rufous-vented  Prinia burnesii  Found: Asia

The Rufous-vented Prinia has brown upperparts; dark streaks on forehead; whitish underparts with tawny tinge; rufous uner-tail coverts.
Image by: 1) Naveen Toppo


Prinia, São Tomé  Prinia molleri   Founds: islands off west central Africa
Image by: 1, 2) naturgucker


Prinia, Striated  Prinia crinigera  Found: southern Asia
Image by: 1) KC Hung  2) Cheer2 - Taiwan


Prinia, Swamp
  Prinia cinerascens  Found:India, Bangladesh
The Swamp Prinia has olive-gray upperparts; streaked forehead; grayish-white underparts;
Image by: 1) Ali Arsh


Prinia, Tawny-flanked  Prinia subflava Found: Africa
The Tawny-flanked Prinia has a long, narrow, graduated tail and a fairly long, slender bill. The tail is often held erect or waved from side to side. The upperparts are gray-brown with rufous-brown edges to the flight feathers and a rufous tinge to the rump. The throat and breast are whitish while the flanks and vent are warm buff. There is a whitish stripe over the eye and the lores are dark. The tail feathers have a white tip and a dark subterminal band.
Image by: 1) Arno Meintjes  2, 3) Joseph Mochoge - Gilgil, Kenya


Prinia, Yellow-bellied  Prinia flaviventris  Found: Asia
Image by: 1)  Darren Bellerby - Hong Kong Wetland Park, Hong Kong  2) Earthshine - Hong Kong



Genus Schistolais

Prinia, White-chinned  Schistolais leucopogon  Found: Africa
1) Peter Steward - Kenya  2) Hans Olofsson



Genus Spiloptila - 1 species

Longtail, Cricket  also  Cricket Warbler  Spiloptila clamans  Found:Africa
Image by: 1) Nicolas Le Jeune    2) Tomas Svensson



Genus Urolais - 1 species

Longtail, Green  Urolais epichlorus  Found: Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria.
1) John Gerrard Keulemans


Genus Urorhipis
- 1 species

Warbler, Red-fronted  Urorhipis rufifrons  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Peter Steward - Kenya






Back to Top