MARTINs and Swallows

Order Passeriformes    Family Hirundinidae


This family is comprised of swallows and martins which are characterised by their adaptation to aerial feeding. The name "martin" tends to be used for the squarer-tailed species, and the name "swallow" for the more fork-tailed species; however, there is no scientific distinction between these two groups.

The swallows have a cosmopolitan distribution across the world and breed on all the continents except Antarctica. It is believed that this family originated in Africa as hole-nesters; Africa still has the greatest diversity of species. A number of European and North American species are long-distance migrants; by contrast, the West and South African swallows are non-migratory.

Flycatchers also catch insects in the air. Flycatcher families: Monarchidae, Muscicapidae, Tyrannidae.


Genus Alopochelidon - 1 species

Swallow, Tawny-headed  Alopochelidon fucata  Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2) Cláudio Timm - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil



Genus Atticora

Swallow, Black-collared  Atticora melanoleuca  also  Pygochelidon melanoleuca  Found: South America
Image by: 1) Richard Sharpe  2) Amy McAndrews - Brazil


Swallow, White-banded  Atticora fasciata  Found: South America
Image by: 1) Richard Sharpe  2) Allan Hopkins  3) Barloventomagico



Genus Cecropis
The Cecropis swallows build their nests out of mud. They were previously consider part of Hirundo.

Swallow, Greater Striped  Cecropis cucullata  also Hirundo cucullata   Found: Africa
Image by: 1, 2) Derek Keats


Swallow, Lesser Striped   Cecropis abyssinica  also  Hirundo abyssinica   Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Jack Versloot - South Africa  2, 4) Dick Daniels - Kenya, South Africa  3) Charlie Westerinen - Botswana 


Swallow, Mosque  Cecropis senegalensis  Found: Africa
The Mosque Swallow has mainly blue upperparts with reddish collar and rump; whitish throat, upper-breast; reddish lower-breast, belly.
Image by: 1) Richard Sharpe  2) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya


Swallow, Red-breasted  also  Rufous-chested Swallow  Cecropis semirufa  Found: Equatorial Africa
The Red-breasted Swallow has dark blue upperparts; reddish face, collar, rump, underparts; white under-wings; black flight feathers.
Similar to: Red-rumped Swallow. Red-breasted Swallow is much larger than Red-rumped Swallow.
Image by: ) Derek Keats 


Swallow, Red-rumped Cecropis daurica   Found: Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia
The Red-rumped has a pale or reddish rump, face, neck collar; black under-tail. See also Sri Lanka Swallow.
Similar to: Red-breasted Swallow. Red-breasted Swallow is much larger than Red-rumped Swallow.
Image by: 1) John Gould Birds of Asia, Vol. IV  2, 3, 4) Dick Daniels - Tanzania


Swallow, Rufous-bellied  Cecropis badia  Found: southeast Asia, Malaysia
The Rufous-bellied Swallow is sometimes considered a subspecies of the Stirated Sparrow.
Image by: 1) blueeyes (Dan)


Swallow, Sri Lanka  also  Ceylon Swallow  Cecropis hyperythra  Found: Sri Lanka
The Sri Lanka Swallow was considered a subspecies of the Red-rumped Swallow. It has blue upperparts; deep chestnut underparts.
Image by: 1) Richard Stead



Genus Cheramoeca - 1 species

Swallow, White-backed  Cheramoeca leucosterna  Found: Australia
Image by: 1) Joe Novella



Genus Delichon

Martin, Asian House  Delichon dasypus  Found: Asia
The Asian House Martin has blue-black upperparts; white rump, throat; pale gray underparts.
Simiilar to: Nepal House Martin. Asian House Martin has white throat; Nepal House Martin has black throat.
Image by: 1) Cleany Lee 2,  3) Stella C Eagle


Martin, House also Common House Martin  Delichon urbica   Found: Europe, Asia, Africa
House Martin has blue upperparts, head; white rump, underparts.
Similar to: Alpine Swift. Barn Swallow has dark blue upperparts; Alpine Swift has brown upperparts.
Similar to: Barn Swallow. House Martin has whiter underparts than Barn Swallow.
Image by : 1) Dick Daniels - Tanzania   2) Dick - South Africa  3)  Dick - Scotland 4) Cristiano Crolle - Maggiore Lake, Italy


Martin, Nepal House  Delichon nipalense  Found: Asia
The Nepal House Martin has blue upperparts, head; white rump, underparts; black throat, tail.
Similar to: Asian House Martin. Asian House Martin has white throat; Nepal House Martin has black throat.
Image by: 1) chia_alfred



Genus Haplochelidon - 1 species

Swallow, Andean  Haplochelidon andecola  also  Orochelidon andecola  Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru
Image by: 1) Charles Hesse   2) Pablo Contreras - Chile



Genus Hirundo
These are the typical swallows. Many of this group have blue backs, red on the face and sometimes the rump or nape, and whitish or rufous underparts. All of the species are found in the Old World, although one, the Barn Swallow, is cosmopolitan, also occurring in the Americas.

Swallow, Angola  Angola Swallow  Found: Africa
The Angola Swallow has dark blue upperparts, narrow breast-band; rufous throat; dirty brown underparts.
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Tom Tarrant 


Swallow, Barn Hirundo rustica   Found: The Americas, Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia
Barn Swallow has: dark blue upperparts; off-white to orange-brown underparts; deeply forked tail.
Similar to: Alpine Swift. Barn Swallow has dark blue upperparts; Alpine Swift has brown upperparts.
Similar to: Ethiopian Swallow. Barn Swallow has longer tail than Ethiopian Swallow
Similar to: House Martin. House Martin has whiter underparts than Barn Swallow.
Similar to: Red-chested Swallow. Red-chested Swallow is slightly smaller than Barn Swallow and has a narrow blue breast-band
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - New Hampshire  3, 5) Dick Daniels - North Carolina  4) Steve Ryan - California  4) Dick - California   6, 7) Dick - Nepal  8) Cristiano Crolle - Monfrague, Spain  9) Jose Mochoge - Kenya  10) Ted van den Bergh
1, 2) Juvenile  3, 4, 5) Female  


Swallow, Blue  Hirundo atrocaerulea  Found: Africa
The Blue Swallow mainly steel-blue plumage; white on flanks and rumps usually not visible; long tail - especially in males.
Similar to: Black Saw-wing. Blue Swallow is bluer than Black Saw-wing.
Image by: 1) Richard Sharpe 2) Marcel Holyoak


Swallow, Ethiopian  Hirundo aethiopica  Found: Africa
The Ethiopian Swallow has dark blue upperparts, partial collar; chestnut forehead; throat buff or white depending on subspcies; white lower-breast; belly.
Similar to: Barn Swallow. Barn Swallow has longer tail than Ethiopian Swallow
Image by: 1) Richard Sharpe  2) Aaron Maizlish - Ghana


Swallow, Pacific  Hirundo tahitica  Found: Asia
The Pacific Swallow has metallic blue-black upperparts; rusty forehead, throat, upper-breast; off white rest of underparts.
Similar to: Welcome Swallow. Pacific Swallow has a shorter and less forked tail than Welcome Swallow.
Image by: 1) JJ Harrison  2) Johnny Wee


Swallow, Pearl-breasted  Hirundo dimidiata  Found: Africa
Image by: 1, 2) Craig Adam - South Africa


Swallow, Pied-wing  Hirundo leucosoma  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Steve Garvie - Gambia  2) Dave Montreuil - Gambia


Swallow, Red-chested  Hirundo lucida  Found: Africa
The Red-chested Swallow has dark blue upperparts; red throat, upper-breast; narrow blue breast-band; white lower-breast belly.
Similar to: Barn Swallow. Red-chested Swallow is slightly smaller than Barn Swallow and has a narrow blue breast-band.
Image by: 1) Richard Sharpe  2) Steve Garvie - The Gambia  3) Arthur de Wolf - Gambia


Swallow, Welcome  Hirundo neoxena  Found: Australia, New Zealand
The Welcome Swallow has metallic blue-black upperparts; rusty forehead, throat, upper-breast; off white rest of underparts.
Similar to: Pacific Swallow. Pacific Swallow has a shorter and less forked tail than Welcome Swallow.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) JJ Harrison - Tasmania, Australia   4) Arthur Chapman - Tasmania, Australia


Swallow, White-bibbed  also  White-throated Blue Swallow  Hirundo nigrita  Found; Africa
The White-bibbed Swallow has mainly blue plumage with a white throat . Wings are longer than its short tail.
Image by: 1) Richard Sharpe  2) Gael Van de weghe


Swallow, White-tailed Hirundo megaensis Found: Africa
The male White-tailed Swallow has glossy dark blue upperparts; white underparts. Female has less gloss upperparts.
Image by: Paul Donald


Swallow, White-throated  Hirundo albigularis  Found: southern Africa
The White-throated Swallow has dark blue upperparts, breast band; chestnut forehead; white throat; grayish white underparts. Juvenile has brown crown.
Image by: 1) Arno Meintjes  2) Derek Keats - South Africa  3) Mike Cilliers - South Africa
1) Juvenile


Swallow, Wire-tailed  Hirundo smithii  Found: Asia, Africa
Image by:  1) John Gould - Birds of Asia, Vol. III   2) Lip Kee Yap - Kenya  3, 4) Arno Meintjes



Genus Neochelidon - 1 species

Swallow, White-thighed  Neochelidon tibialis  Found: Panama, northern South America
Image by: 1) Richard Sharpe  2) Diego Calderon



Genus Notiochelidon
Also known as Pygochelidon.

Swallow, Black-capped  Atticora melanoleuca  Found: El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Mexico
Image by: 1) Dominic Sherony - Guatemala


Swallow, Blue-and-white  Notiochelidon cyanoleuca  Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2) Cláudio Timm - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil  3) Dick Daniels - Ecuador  4) Dick - Machu Piccu, Peru
1) Juvenile


Swallow, Brown-bellied  Notiochelidon murina  Found: South America
Image by: 1) Columbia Travel  2, 3, 4) Dick Daniels - Otavalo, Ecuador



Genus Petrochelidon
Cliff nesting swallows.

Martin, Fairy  Petrochelidon ariel  Found: Australia
The Fairy Martin has dark blue upperparts; rufous crown, nape; white underpart,; square tail.
Image by:1) Aviceda  2) Oystercatcher  3) Jim Bendon


Martin, Streak-throated  Petrochelidon fluvicola  Found: south Asia
Image by: 1, 2) JM Garg - Asia


Martin, Tree  Petrochelidon nigricans  Found: Australasia
Image by: 1) Aviceda - Australia  2) Tony Morris  3) David Cook


Swallow, Cave   Petrochelidon fulva   Found: North America (southern USA, Mexico), Caribbean
Similar to: Cliff Sparrow. Cave Swallow forehead is never white, usually pale, but sometimes dark. The forehead patch is bigger than a Cliff Swallow's. Square tail.
Image by:  1) Andy Jones - Ohio  2, 3) Amy McAndrews - Mexico 


Swallow, Chestnut-collared  Petrochelidon rufocollaris  Found: Ecuador, Peru
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Dick Daniels - Otavalo, Ecuador  3) Francesco Veronesi - Ecuador


Swallow, Cliff  Petrochelidon pyrrhonota  Found: The Americas
Similar to: Cave Sparrow. Northern Cliff Swallow has white forehead, Mexian has dark forehead. The forehead patch is smaller than a Cave Swallow's. All have dark throat. Square tail.
Image by: 1) Maggie Smith   2) Elaine R Wilson - Oregon    3) Don DeBold - California   4) Ingrid Taylar - Cayucos, California  5) New Jersey Birds - New Jersey  6) DoriBot



Swallow, Preuss's Cliff  Petrochelidon preussi  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Ron Knight - Cameroon  2) Marcel Holyoak - Cameroon


Swallow, Red-throated Cliff  Petrochelidon pyrrhonota  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Richard Sharpe


Swallow, South African Cliff  Petrochelidon spilodera  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Richard Sharpe  2) Joseph Wolf   3) Alan Manson - South Africa  4) Ian White



Genus Phedina

Martin, Brazza's  Phedina brazzae  Found: Angola, the Congos
Image by: 1) Richard Sharpe


Martin, Mascarene   Phedina borbonica    Found: Madagascar
Image by: 1) Richard Sharpes  2) Ross Tsai  3) Dick Daniels - Ranomafana, Madagascar



Genus Progne

Martin, Brown-chested  Progne tapera  Found: South America
The Brown-chested Martin has brown upperparts, upper-breast, vertical patch on belly; white rest of underparts .
Image by: 1) Dario Niz   2, 3) Cláudio Timm in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil


Martin, Caribbean  also  White-bellied Martin   Progne dominicensis Found: from Jamaica east to Tobago
The male Caribbean Martin has glossy blue-black upperparts, upper-breast, flanks; white  lower-breast, belly; forked tail. Female duller than male; gray-brown upper-breast, flanks; white lower-breast, belly.
Image by: 1) Richard Sharpe   2) Bob Thompson - Puerto Rico  3) Mike's Birds - Tobago  4) Carlos De Soto Moli  5) David Fletcher
1) Pair  2) Female  3, 4, 5) Male



Martin, Cuban  Progne cryptoleuca  Found: Cuba
The male Cuban Martin has glossy blue-black upperparts; blue breast, upper-belly; white under-belly. Female duller than male; gray-brown upper-breast; white lower-breast, belly.
Image by: 1, 2) Karl-Heinz Dohlich
1) Female  2) Male


Martin, Galapagos  Progne modesta  Found: The Galapagos Islands of Ecuador
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Jose Lama


Martin, Gray-breasted  Progne chalybea  Found: Central and South America
Thre male Gray-breasted Martin has bluish-black upperparts; gray-brown throat, upper-breast; white lower-breast; belly. Female similar to male but duller upperparts.
Image by: 1, 2) Cláudio Timm in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil  3, 4) Dick Daniels - Boquette, Panama  5) Len Blumin
2) Female  3, 4, 5) Male



Martin, Purple Progne subis   Found: The Americas
The male Purple Martin has glossy bluish-black plumage with a blue sheen; deeply notched tail. Female has dark blue upperparts; pale nape; off-white underparts.
Similar to: Bank Swallow, Northern Rough-winged Swallow.  Female Purple Martin simlar to both sex of Bank Swallow and Northern Rough-winged Swallow. Female Purple Martin has darker back and darker breast.
Similar to: Southern Martin. Purple Martins are difficult to distinuish from Southern Martins. If found in Argentina, high probability it is a Southern Martin. If found in North America, it is a Purple Martin.
Image by:  1) OakleyOriginals - Oaklahoma   2, 5, 6, 7) Dick Daniels - North Carolina  3) Henry McLin   4) Barloventomagico - Venezuela  
1, 2) Juvenile  3, 4, 5) Female  6, 7) Male



Martin, Southern  Progne elegans  Found: Panama, South America
The male Southern Martin has glossy bluish-black plumage with a blue sheen; deeply notched tail. Female blackish upperparts; gray underparts with scaly appearance.
Similar to: Purple Martin. Purple Martins are difficult to distinuish from Southern Martins. If found in Argentina, high probability it is a Southern Martin. If found in North America, it is a Purple Martin.
Image by: 1) Claudio Timm - Argentina  2) Arthur Chapman - Argentina



Genus Psalidoprocne

Saw-wing, Black  also  Black Rough-winged Swallow  Psalidoprocne pristoptera  Found: Afica
The Black Saw-wing has mainly glossy blue-black plumage; forked tail. black or white under-wing depending on subspecies. Female has shorter outer tail feathers and less obvious wing serrations.
Similar to: Blue Swallow. Blue Swallow is bluer than Black Saw-wing.
Image by: 1) Richard Sharpe  2) Martin Goodey  3) Dave Curtis - Kenya


Saw-wing, Fanti  Psalidoprocne obscura  Found: Africa
Image by: Steve Garvie- The Gambia


Saw-wing, Mountain  Psalidoprocne fuliginosa  Found: Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria
Image by: 1) Richard Sharpe



Saw-wing, White-headed  Psalidoprocne albiceps  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Richard Sharpe  2) Lee Hunter



Genus Pseudhirundo - 1 species

Swallow, Gray-rumped  Pseudhirundo griseopyga  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Richard Sharpe  2) Nydia Femandes - Mozambique



Genus Pseudochelidon

Martin, African River  Pseudochelidon eurystomina  Found: Africa
The African River Martin has mainly black upperparts with a blue-green gloss to the head; purple-black underparts; red eyes; orange-red bill; black square tail.
Image by: 1) John Gould



Genus Ptyonoprogne
These are small swallows with brown upperparts, paler underparts without a breast band, and a square tail with white patches. They can be distinguished from each other on size, the color shade of the upperparts and underparts, and minor plumage details like throat color.

Martin, Dusty Crag  Ptyonoprogne concolor  Found: south Asia
The Dusty Martin has brown upperparts; paler underparts.
Similar to: Eurasian Crag Martin. Eurasian Crag Martin is larger than Dusty Craig Martin and has more prominent white wing patches.
Image by: 1) Prasad Basavaraj  2) Anand Patre


Martin, Eurasian Crag  Ptyonoprogne rupestris  Found: southern Europe, northwestern Africa, southern Asia
The Eurasian Martin has brown upperparts; paler underparts; short square tail with distinctive white streaks.
Similar to: Dusty Crag Martin. Eurasian Crag Martin is larger than Dusty Craig Martin and has more prominent white wing patches.
Similar to: Rock Martin. Eurasian Crag Martin is larger than Rock Martin and has more prominent white wing patches.
Image by: 1) Martien Brand  2, 3, 4) JV Verde - Portugal  5) Victor



Martin, Rock Ptyonoprogne fuligula   Found: Africa
The Rock Martin has mainly brown plumage; paler on the underparts.
Similar to: Eurasian Crag Martin. Eurasian Crag Martin is larger than Rock Martin and has more prominent white wing patches.
Image by:  1) Richard Sharpe  2, 3) Ian White - Botswana  4, 5) Dick Daniels - Tanzania   6)  Joseph Mochoge - Gilgil, Kenya




Genus Riparia
These are small or medium-sized swallows, ranging from 11–17 cm in length. They are brown above and mainly white below, and all have a dark breast band. They are closely associated with water. They nest in tunnels usually excavated by the birds themselves in a natural sand bank or earth mound. They lay white eggs, which are incubated by both parents, in a nest of straw, grass, and feathers in a chamber at the end of the burrow.

Martin, Banded  Riparia cincta  Found: Africa
IImage by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Arno Meintjes  3) Ian White - South Africa


Martin, Brown-throated Sand also Brown-throated Martin  Riparia paludicola  Found: Africa, Madagascar
The  Brown-thoated Martin has brown upperparts, throat, legs; white or pale brown underparts; black bill. It and Gray-throated Martins were once consider part of the same species: Plain Martin - Riparia paludicola. The Gray-throated Martin is not found in Africa.
Similar to: Sand Martin. Brown-throated Martin lacks the brown breast-band of the Sand Martin.
Image by:   1) KC Hung   2) Sergy Yeliseev - Kenya   3) Joseph Mochoge - Gilgil, Kenya    4) Craig Adams - South Africa    5, 6) Dick Daniels - the De Hoop Nature Reserve, South Africa



Martin, Gray-throated  Riparia chinensis  Found: Asia, northern Philippines
The  BGray-thoated Martin has brown upperparts, legs; white or pale brown underparts; black bill. It and Brown-throated Martins were once consider part of the same species: Plain Martin - Riparia paludicola. The Brown-throated Martin is not found in Asia.
Similar to: Sand Martin. Gray-throated Martin lacks the brown breast-band of the Sand Martin.
Image by: 1) Thomas Hardwicke  2) Mukesh Jan  3) Global Bird Watchers


Swallow, Bank also Martin, Sand  Riparia riparia  Found: The Americas, Europe, Asia, Africa 
The Sand Martin has brown upperparts, narrow breast band center breast patch, legs; black bill; white throat; belly. The Pale Sand Martin is the subspecies diluta of northern India and southeastern China is sometimes split as a separate species Riparia diluta. It has paler grey-brown upperparts and a less distinct breast band. It winters in Pakistan and southern India.
Similar to: Brown-throated Martin. Brown-throated Martin lacks the brown breast-band of the Sand Martin.
Similar to: Gray-throated Martin. Gary-throated Martin lacks the brown breast-band of the Sand Martin.
Similar to: Northern Rough-winged Swallow. The Bank Swallow is brown above, white below with a narrow brown band on the breast; the bill is black, the legs brown. It has a quick, jerky flight.
Similar to: Purple Martin,   Female Purple Martin simlar to both sex of Bank Swallow. Female Purple Martin has darker back and darker breast.
Image by: 1) Alan Vernon   2) Cláudio Timm - Brazil  3) Michael Sveikutis  4) James Chavez - California  5) Francesco Veronesi - Kazakistan  6) Nigel Wedge - Scotland
5) Pale Sand Martin




Genus Stelgidopteryx

Swallow, Northern Rough-winged
  Stelgidopteryx serripennis  Found: North America
Similar to: Bank Swallow. The Northern Rough-winged Swallow is brown on top with light underparts and a forked tail. Unlike the Bank Swallow, it does not have a brown band on the breast.
Similar to: Purple Martin.  Female Purple Martin simlar to both sex of Northern Rough-winged Swallow. Female Purple Martin has darker back and darker breast.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Alan D Wilson - Port Coquitlam, British Columbia  4) Mdf - Ontario, Canada  5,6) Dori - Wisconson



Swallow, Southern Rough-winged  Stelgidopteryx ruficollis  Found: Central and South America
Image by: 1, 2) Cláudio Timm - Brazil
1) Juvenile



Genus Tachycineta
These are slender swallows with forked tails. Most species have a metallic green back, green or blue head, and metallic blue or unglossed brown wings. All have pure white underparts, and four species have a white rump.

Swallow, Bahama Tachycineta cyaneoviridis   Found: Florida, Bahamas
Similar to: Violet-green Swallow. Bahama Swallow does not have white above the eye, Violet-green Swallow does.
Image by: Craig Nash


Swallow, Chilean  Tachycineta meyeni  Found: South America
Image by: 1) Richard Sharpe  2, 3) Cláudio Timm - Brazil


Swallow, Golden  Tachycineta euchrysea  Found; Hispaniola
Image by: 1) Richard Sharpe  2) Miguel Landesloy  3) Mitch Walters


Swallow, Mangrove  Tachycineta albilinea  Found: Central America
Image by: 1) Hans Hillewaert - Costa Rica  2) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica


Swallow, Tree Tachycineta bicolor   Found: North America
The adult Tree Swallow has iridescent blue-green upperparts, white underparts, and a very slightly forked tail. The female usually has duller colours than the male, often more greenish than the more bluish male.
Image by: 1) Alan Vernon   2) Maggie Smith  3, 8) Dick Daniels - New Hampshire   4) John Benson - Wisconsin    5) Len Blumin - California  6, 7) Dick - Assateague Island, Virginia  9) Dick
1) Juvenile  2, 3) Female  4 - 7) Male




Swallow, Tumbes  Tachycineta stolzmanni  Found: Ecuador, Peru
Image by: 1) Charles Hesse


Swallow, Violet-green Tachycineta thalassina   Found: The Americas
Adults are velvet green on their upperparts with white underparts and a forked tail; they have white patches on the side of the rump. The head is usually more coppery or brownish than the back, and the rump is a glossy violet color. In adult males, the white throat area extends behind and above the eyes; adult females are duller. Immature birds are brown on the upperparts.
Image by:  1) Len Blumin - California  2) Alan Vernon   3) Wolfgang Wander   4) Walter Siegmund   5) Elaine R Wilson - British Columbia  6) Dick Daniels - Arizona
1) Juvenile  2) Female 3 - 6) Male



Swallow, White-rumped  Tachycineta leucorrhoa  Found: South America
Image by: 1) Valentina Ferretti - Argentina   2, 3) Cláudio Timm - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
3) Juveniles


Swallow, White-winged  Tachycineta albiventer  Found: South America
Image by:  1)  Cláudio Timm - the Amazon, Brazil   2, 3)  Dominic Sherony  4) Tom Friedel - Venezuela






Back to Top