SHRIKES

Order Passeriformes     Family Laniidae


The shrike families are: CampephagidaeLaniidaeMalaconotidae,  Prionopidae.

Shrikes have a hooked beak that enables them to catch small animals and insects. They often impale their meals on thorns which explains the derivation of their name from the Latin word for butcher. They sit upright on the tops of shrubs and other conspicuous perches to spot their prey and also to advertise their presence to competitors. Their coloring is drab. Most shrikes are located in Africa, Europe, and Asia. They are closely related to the bushshrikes and helmetshrikes,. The live in relatively open spaces.


Genus Corvinella

Shrike, Magpie also Long-tailed Shrike Corvinella melanoleuca   Found: Africa
The Magpie Shrike has mainly black plumage with white patches and markings. It is alternatively placed as the sole member of genus Urolestes.
Image by: 1, 3, 6) Dick Daniels - Kruger National Park, Sourh Africa   2) Sandy Cole - Kruger   4, 5) Dick - Tanzania    



Shrike, Yellow-billed  Corvinella corvina  Found: Africa
The Yellow-billed Shrike has mottled brown upperparts; streaked by underparts; brown eye-mask; yellow bill.
Image by:  1) Tom Haslam - Senegal  2) JV Verde - The Gambia  3)  Gisela Braun



Genus Eurocephalus

Shrike, Northern White-crowned Eurocephalus rueppelli   Found: Africa
The Northern White-crowned shirke has dark brown upperparts; black nape, eye-line; white crown, throat, underparts.
Image by:  1, 2) Carol Foil - Buffalo Spring Reserve, Kenya  3) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo  4) Dick - Tanzania


Shrike, Southern White-crowned    Eurocephalus anguitimens   Found: Africa
Image by:  1) Frank Vassen  2) Alistair Rae - Namibia



Genus Lanius
These are the "true" or "typical" shrikes.  Some are term fiscals, derived from an African word for "hangman", because they hand their prey on thorns for storage. Most of these shrikes have insects as their main prey, but some of the larger shrikes eat small birds, reptiles, and mammals.

Fiscal, Gray-backed  Lanius excubitoroides  Found: Africa
The Gray-backed Fiscal has a gray crown, nape, mantle; black mask, wings; white crown underparts.
Image by: 1) Darren Bellerby - Kenya  2) Carol Foil - Kenya  3) Steve Garvie - Kenya  4) Mu Tong  5) Dick Daniels - Lake Naivasha, Kenya
4) Unusual - has no black on upper part of tail.



Fiscal, Long-tailed  Lanius cabanisi  Found: Kenya, Tanzania
The Long-tailed Fiscal has black upperparts with gray on back; no white on scapulars; black tail; white underparts; long tail.
Similar to: Northern Fiscal. Northern Fiscal has white on scapulars; Long-tailed Fiscal has no white on upperparts.
Image by: 1) Frederic Salein - Tanzania  2) Carol Foil   3) Dave Curtis   4, 5) Dick Daniels - Nairobi National Park, Kenya



Fiscal, Northern Lanius humeralis   Found: Africa
The Northern Fiscal has mainly black upperparts with a white V formed by the scapulars; black head; white underparts.
The Northern Fiscal was previously combined with the Southern Fiscal to form the Common Fiscal. The two species can be mutually found in Angola, Tanzania, and Zambia. Northern Fiscal can also be found north of these countires and Southern Fiscal can also be found south of these countries. Where the species overlap, DNA analysis can be used for differentiation.
Similar to: Long-tailed Fiscal. Northern Fiscal has white on scapulars; Long-tailed Fiscal has no white on upperparts.
Image by:   1) Joseph Mochoge - Kenya  2) Lip Kee Yap - Kenya 3) Jerry Friedman - Kenya
  4, 5) Dick Daniels - Hell’s Gate National Park, Kenya  6) Dick - Nairobi National Park, Kenya



Fiscal, Sao Tome also Newton's Fiscal  Lanius newtoni  Found: São Tomé and Príncip (west coast of central Africa)
The Sao Tome Fiscal has black upperparts with white wing patch; yellowish underparts. It does not have a white supercilium.
Image by: 1) Henrik Gronvold  2) Klaus Ewald
1) Bottom: Sao Tome Fiscal 2) Top: Uhehe Fiscal (Lanius (collaris) marwitzi)


Fiscal, Somali  Lanius somalicus  Found: Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia
The Somali Fisca lhas black head, nape, bill; black wings with white-tipped secondaries; gray mantle; white underparts.
Similar to: Taiti Fiscal. Somali Fiscal has white-tipped secondaries, Taiti Fiscal does not.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Steve Garvie - Rift Valley, Kenya 3) Steve Rooke - Ethiopia
1) Immaturre molting to adult


Fiscal, Southern Lanius humeralis   Found: Africa
The Southern Fiscal has mainly black upperparts with a white V formed by the scapulars; black head; white underparts.
The Southern Fiscal was previously combined with the Northern Fiscal to form the Common Fiscal. The two species can be mutually found in Angola, Tanzania, and Zambia. Northern Fiscal can also be found north of these countires and Southern Fiscal can also be found south of these countries. Where the species overlap, DNA analysis can be used for differentiation..
Image by:  1, 3) Dick Daniels - Johannesburg, South Africa   2) Derek Keats - South Africa   4) Kevin O'Grady  5) Cristiano Crolle - Wilderness, South Africa
1) Juvenile


Fiscal, Taita  Lanius dorsalis  Found: Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania
The Taita Fiscal has black head, nape, bill, wings; gray mantle; white underparts.
Similar to: Somali Fiscal. Somali Fiscal has white-tipped secondaries, Taiti Fiscal does not.
Image by: 1, 4) Steve Garvie - Kenya  2) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya   3) Tarique Sani - Tanzania 
1) Juvenile


Fiscal, Uhehe  Lanius (collaris) marwitzi  Found: Tanzania
The Uhehe Fiscal has black upperparts with white wing patch; white supercilium. Also consider a subspecies of the Southern Fiscal.
Image by: 1) Henrik Gronvold 
1) Top: Uhehe Fiscal (Lanius (collaris) marwitzi) 2) Bottom: Sao Tome Fiscal


Shrike, Bay-backed  Lanius vittatus  Found: south Asia
The Bay-backed Shrike has maroon-brown upperparts; gray crown, nape; black mask; whitish underparts with buff flanks.
Image by: 1, 2) JM Garg - India  3) Tarique Sani - India


Shrike, Brown Lanius cristatus   Found: Asia, Africa
The Brown Shrike has brown upperparts; black mask; light underparts; buff flanks.
Image by: 1) Sergey Pisarevskiy - western Siberia  2) Vijay Ismavel  3) Charlie Westerinen - Thailand   4) K C Hung


Shrike, Bull-headed  Lanius bucephalus  Found; Asia
The male Bull-headed Shrike has a brown crown; white supercilium; black mask; dark wings with white patch. Female similar but duller; brown mask; no white wing patch.
Image by: 1, 2) Hiyashi Haka  3) Paul
1, 2) Female  3) Male


Shrike, Burmese  Lanius collurioides  Found: southeast Asia
The Burmese Shrike has gray crown, nape; reddish brown upperparts; white underparts; black mask. Male has white wing patch.
Image by: 1, 3) Sergey Yeliseev  2) Wayne Hodgkinson - Vietnam
1) Female  2) Male


Shrike, Chinese Gray  Lanius sphenocercus  Asia
The Chinese Gray Shrike has gray upperparts; black mask, white underparts. A large shrike.
Image by: 1) Blake Matheson - China  2) frieda6688


Shrike, Emin's  Lanius gubernator  Found: dry areas in Africa
Image by: 1) Mike and Helen Cox  2) Nigel Voaden - Cameroon


Shrike, Gray-backed  Lanius tephronotus  Found: southeast Asia
The Gray-backed Shrike has gray upperparts; black mask; yellowish flanks; long tail.
Image by: 1) Lip Kee - Thailand  2, 3) Vijay Ismavel


Shrike, Gray-capped  also  Mountain Shrike  Lanius validirostris  Found: Phiippines
The Gray-capped Shrike has gray upperparts; white underparts. It is rare due to habit loss.
Image by: 1) Chito


Shrike, Isabelline also  Rufous-tailed Shrike  Lanius isabellinus  Found: Asia, Africa
The male Isabelline Shrike has brown to rufous crown-brown; rufous, rump, tail; black mask; whitish to cream undrparts. Female has brown upperparts; rufou-brown upper-tail.
Image by:  1) Lanius Wolf  2) Dave Curtis - Horsey, England 3) MPF - Northumberland, UK 4) SJ Ahanmi - United Arab Emirates 
2) Juvenile  3) Female  4) Male


Shrike, Lesser Gray Lanius minor Found: Europe, Asia, Africa
The Lesser Gray Shrike has predominantly black, gray, and white plumage. Males have pink tinged underparts. A distiginguishing feature is the black forehead.
Image by: 1) Pim Stouten - South Africa 2) Daniel Bastaja  3) Vitaliy Khustochka - Ukraine  4) Dick Daniels - Tanzania  


Shrike, Loggerhead Lanius ludovicianus   Found: North America
Similar to: Northern Mockingbird. Loggerhead Shrike has black eye-line; Northen Mockingbird has no eye-line.
Similar to: Northern Shrike.  The Loggerhead Shrike has a wider eye band than does the Northern Shrike.
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - Florida  3, 4) Dick - North Carolina  


Shrike, MacKinnon's  Lanius mackinnoni  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Francesco Veronesi - Uganda  3) Kristian Svensson


Shrike, Masked  Lanius nubicus  Found: Europe, Asia, Africa
The male Masked Shrike has mainly black upperparts, crown, tail, wings; white patch on wings conspicuous in flight; white forehead; black eye-line; whitish underparts with orange flanks. Female upperparts are gray rather than black; white underparts with minimal orange on the flanks.
Image by: 1) Durzan  2) Clauia Becker  3) Angie and Chris Pye - Cyprus


Shrike, Northern also Great Gray Shrike also Northern Gray Shrike Lanius excubitor  Found: North America, Europe, Asia
Similar to: Loggerhead Shrike.  The Loggerhead Shrike has a wider eye band than does the Northern Shrike.
Similar to: Northern Mockingbird. Northern Shrike has black eye-line; Northen Mockingbird has no eye-line.
Image by: 1, 2) Marek Szczepanek - Poland  3)  Trebol-a - Spain


Shrike, Red-backed Lanius collurio  Found: Europe, Asia, Africa
The male Red-backed Shrike has reddish-brown back; gray crown, rump; black mask; pinkish to white underparts. Female has brown upperparts, mask; whitish underparts with barring on breast and flanks.
Image by: 1, 7) Arno Meintjes  2, 6) Frank Vassen   3, 4) Dick Daniels 
    5) Dick - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  
1) Juvenile  2, 3, 4) Female  5, 6, 7) Male


Shirke, Red-tailed  also Turkestan Shrike  Lanius phoenicuroidesFound: Asia, Africa
The Red-tailed Shrike was formerly considered conspecific with the Isabelline Shrike and the Red-backed Shrike. The Red-tailed Shrike breeds in south Siberia and central Asia.
Image by: 1, 2) Sergey Yeliseev - Kazakastan


Shrike, Southern Gray  Found: Europe, Africa
Image by: 1) Cristiano Crolle -  Monfrague, Spain  2) Anders Olsson - Oman  2) Juan  Emilio


Shrike, Souza's  Lanius souzae  Found: dry savannas of central Africa
The Souza's Shrike has gray crown, mantle; black mask; white wingbar; pale underparts.
Image by: 1) Ron Knight  2) Francesco Veronesi


Shrike, Tiger  Lanius tigrinus  Found; Asia, Indonesia, Malaysi
The breeding Tiger Shrike has gray crown; nonbreeding has brown crown. It has reddish-brown back, shoulders and rump with blackish bars - creating a tiger-like pattern. White underparts with some barring on flanks.
Image by: 1) Johnny Wee - Singapore    2) Lip Kee - Singapore  3) Melvin Yap - Singapore  4) Kia Bo He
1) Juvenile  2) Female


Shrike, Woodchat  Lanius senator  Found: Europe, Africa
The male Woodchat has chestnut crown, nape upper-mantle; white scapulars, rump; black mask, most of tail; light underparts. Female similar, but duller.
Image by:  1) Causinho - Spain  2) Muchaxo   3, 4) Durzan
1, 2) Female  3, 4) Male





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