RAPTORS of The World

Raptors are carnivorous. They hunt by sight during the day, are long lived, and have low reproductive rates. The catch their prey via strong claws – three pointing forward and one pointing backward. The raptors that hunt by day are: hawks, eagle, kites, vultures, falcons. Owls hunt by night. Raptors are also called birds of prey.

Order Accipitriformes, family Accipitridae: hawks, eagles, kites, Old World vultures.
Order Accipitriformes, family Cathartidae: New World vultures
Also Accipitriformes: ospreys ( family Pandionidae); secretary bird (family Sagittariidae)
Order Falconiformes, family Falconidae: falcons
Order Strigiformes, family Strigidae: owls



Hawks

Order Accipitriformes    Family Accipitridae

This web page includes species called bazas, buzzards, goshawks, hawks, harriers, sparrowhawks. They are similar to eagles. with eagles averaging larger species. In fact, often the difference between a hawk and a kite is only one of semantics.


Genus Accipiter
The raptors of Accipiter are called hawks, goshawks, and sparrowhawks. These birds are slender with short broad rounded wings and a long tail which helps them maneuver in flight. They have long legs and long sharp talons used to kill their prey, and a sharp hooked bill used in feeding. Females tend to be larger than males. They often ambush their prey, mainly small birds and mammals, capturing it after a short chase. The typical flight pattern is a series of flaps followed by a short glide. They are commonly found in wooded or shrubby areas.
See Melierax for more Goshawks.

Goshawk, African  Accipiter tachiro  Found: Africa
The African Goshawk has gray (male) or dark brown (female) upperparts; light underparts with rufous barring; yellow eyes; legs;
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - Radical Raptors, South Africa   2) Dick -  World of Birds , South Africa   3) Dave Curtis - Nairobi
3) Male


Goshawk, Brown  Accipiter fasciatus  Found: Australia
The Brown Goshawk has gray upperparts with a chestnut collar; mainly rufous underparts with white barring.
Similar to: Collared Sparrowhawk. The Brown Goshawk is similar in color to the Collared Sparrowhawk, but larger.
Image by: 1) Wayne Butterworth - juvenile 2) Aviceda - Kurwongbah, SE Queensland
1) Juvenile


Goshawk, Crested  Accipiter trivirgatus  Found: Asia
The Crested Goshawk has a slight crest at back of head; brown crown; gray head sides; black moustachial and throat stripes; rufous stripes on upper-breast; rufous bars on lower-breast, belly.
Image by: 1) Ainus  2) Ian Liao  3) Francesco Veronesi - Taiwan  4) Alex White   5) Sergey Yeliseev - Vietnam



Goshawk, Fiji  Accipiter rufitorques   Endemic to Fiji
The Fiji Goshawk has gray upperparts; dull pink collar; underparts. Closely related to Brown Goshawk of Australia.
Similar to: Collared Sparrowhawk. The Brown Goshawk is similar in color to the Collared Sparrowhawk, but larger.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Aviceda


Goshawk, Frances's  Accipiter francesiae Found: Madagascar
Image by: 1) David Cook  2, 4) Frank Vassen  1) Werner Witte
1) Juvenile


Goshawk, Gray  Accipiter novaehollandiae  Found: Australia
The Gray Goshawk has gray upperparts; pale gray underparts, head. The white morph is entirely white; some call it a White Goshawk.
Image by: 1) David Cook - Queensland, Australia  2) Michael Rosenberg - Queensland   3, 4) Aviceda - SE Queensland  5) Kristi - Tasmania
5) White morph



Goshawk, Gray-headed  Accipiter poliocephalus  Found: New Guinea and adjacent islands
The Gray-headed Goshawk has gray upperparts, paler on the head and neck; white underparts; orange-red cere, legs.
Image by: 1) Jerry Oldenettel - Papua-New Guinea


Goshawk, Henst's  Accipiter henstii  Found: Madagascar
image by: 1) Born Free Photos  2) Tony Palliser


Goshawk, Meyer's  Accipiter meyerianus  Found: Indonesia, New Guinea
The Meyer's Goshawk has black upperparts; white underparts; red eyes.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans


Goshawk, Northern also Goshawk  Accipiter gentilis  Found: North America, Europe, Asia
The Northern Goshawk has dark gray upperparts; white underparts with dark gray barring; white supercilium; gray tail with 3 dark bands.
Similar to: Cooper's Hawk, Sharp-shinned Hawk. Northern Goshawk has distinct white eyebrow; the others do not.
Image by: 1)  Elaine R. Wilson - British Columbia  2) Steve Garvie - Scotland  3) Norbert Kenntner - Berlin  4)   Michael Ransburg
    5) Yasa  6)   Ferran Pestana - Spain  7) Guy Monty - British Columbia  8) Sergey Yeliseev- Moscow Region
1) Juvenile


Goshawk, Red-chested  Accipiter toussenelii  Found: west Africa
The Red-chested Goshawk has gray upperparts with lighter heads; yellow-orange eyes, legs, cere; rufous and white underparts; western subspecies has light barring on the rufous; black tail with 2 or 3 bold white spots.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Terese Hart


Goshawk, Sulawesi  Accipiter griseiceps  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Joseph Wolf  2) Kristian Svensson


Hawk, Bicolored  Accipiter bicolor  Found: south Mexico, Central America, South America
The Bicolored Hawk has gray upperparts with darker wings and crown; pale gray to dark gray underparts; rufous thighs.
Image by: 1) Chris Jiminez - Costa Rica


Hawk, Cooper'sAccipiter cooperii     Found: North America
The Cooper's Hawk has blue-gray upperparts; reddish underparts with thin white bars; white under-tail with dark bands.
Similar to: Northern Goshawk. Northern Goshawk has distinct white eyebrow; Cooper's Hawk does not.
Similar to: Sharp-shinned Hawk. Cooper's Hawk has rounded tail end; Sharp-shinned Hawks has rectangular tail end.
Image by:  1) Phil Brown  2) Alan D. Wilson - British Columbia    3) Don Madison - New Jersey  4) Janet and Phil - Illinois  5) Dick Daniels - Carolina Raptor Center   6, 7) Dick - Arizona  8) Dick - California  9) Dmitry Mozzherin 
1, 2) Juvenile  


Hawk, Gray-bellied  also Gray-bellied Goshawk  Accipiter poliogaster  Found: South America
The Gray-bellied hawk has blackish upperparts; whitish underparts; black tail with 3 light bands.ß
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) William Menq


Hawk, Gundlach's  Accipiter gundlachi  Found: Cuba
Image by: 1) Karel Cardet   2) Brian Henderson


Hawk, Sharp-shinned Accipiter striatus   Found: The Americas
The Sharp-shinned Hawk has blue-gray upperparts; reddish underparts with thin white bars; white under-tail with dark bands.
Similar to: Cooper's Hawk. Cooper Hawk's has rounded tail end; Sharp-shinned Hawks has rectangular tail end.
Similar to: Northern Goshawk. Northern Goshawk has distinct white eyebrow; Sharp-shinned Hawk does not.
Similar to: Tiny Hawk. Sharp-shinned Hawk has yellow orbital skin; Tiny Hawk does not
Image by: 1) Louis Agassiz Fuertes, USFWS   2) Trisha Shears   3) Chuck Roberts - Colorado  4) Kelly Azar - Pennsylvania  5) Dario Sanches   6) Gary Mercier - Quebec  7) Dick Daniels - New Hampshire 
1) Cooper Hawk on left, Sharp-shinned on right  2) Juvenile


Hawk, Tiny  Accipiter superciliosus  Found: neotropical Central and South America
The Tiny Hawk has blackish upperparts; darl cap; fine barring on light underparts. Juvenile may have brown or rufous barring.
Similar to: Sharp-shinned Hawk. Sharp-shinned Hawk has yellow orbital skin; Tiny Hawk does not.
Image by: 1) Keith Bowers  2) Paul Bedell  3) Felix Uribe
1) Juvenile 


Shikra  Accipiter badius  Found: Asia, Africa
The Shikra has gray upperparts; whitish underparts with fine rufuous bars
Similar to: Northern Goshawk. Northern Goshawk has distinct white eyebrow; Sharp-shinned Hawk does not.
Image by: 1) Karunakar Rayker  2) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya   3) Thoi Gujarat  4) Ravi Vaidyanathan  5) Umang Dutt - India
1) Juvenile



Sparrowhawk, Black  also  Black Goshawk  Accipiter melanoleucus  Found: Africa
The Black Sparrowhawk has mainly black plumage; white breast, throat. Black morph has black underparts with some white spots.
Image by: 1, 3) Ian White 2) Aviceda - Uganda
1) Juvenile  3) Black morph


Sparrowhawk, Chinese  also  Chinese Goshawk  Accipiter soloensis  Found: southeast Asia, Siberia, Indonesia, Philippines
The Chinese Sparrowhawk has gray upperparts, rufous underparts; whitish underwing with dark tipped primaries.
Image by:    1, 4) PeiWen Chang  2, 3) Hiyashi Haka
1) Juvenile  2) Female  3) Male


Sparrowhawk, Collared  Accipiter cirrocephalus  Found: Australasia
The Collared Sparrowhawk has bluish-gray upperparts; chestnut collar; rufous underparts with white barring.
Similar to: Brown Sparrowhawk. The Brown Goshawk is similar in color to the Collared Sparrowhawk, but larger.
Image by: 1) Sunphlo  2) Aviceda - Kobble Creek, SE Queensland, Australia  3) Lip Kee


Sparrowhawk, Eurasian also Northern Sparrowhawk  Accipiter nisus Found: Europe, Asia, Africa
The Eurasian Sparrowhawk has bluish-gray (male) or brownish-gray (female) upperparts; rufous underparts with white barring.
Image by: 1, 2) Eddy Van 3000   3) Keith Laverack - England  4) Christian Knoch 


Sparrowhawk, Japanese  Accipiter gularis  Found: Asia, Indonesia, Philippines
The Japanese Sparrowhawk has dark gray upperparts; dark barred underwings; lightly (male) or lightly (female) barred underparts.
Image by: 1) Philipp Seabold  2) CharacterName  
1) Male foreground, female background  2) Female


Sparrowhawk, Little  Accipiter minullus  Found: Africa
The Little Sparrowhawk has dark gray upperparts; whitish underparts with dark spots and bars; 2 to 3 white spots on upper-tail.
Image by: 1) Oom Kosie


Sparrowhawk, Madagascar  Accipiter madagascariensis  Found: Madagascar
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Anne van der Wal


Sparrowhawk, Ovambo  Accipiter ovampensis  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Steve Garvie - Kenya
2) Juvenile (light phase)


Sparrowhawk, Rufous-chested also Rufous-breasted Sparrowhawk  Accipiter rufiventris  Found; Africa
The Rufous-chested Sparrowhawk has gray upperparts, cap, nape; rufous underparts, cheeks; whitish throat.
Image by:  1) Mike Richardson and Sarah Winch - South Africa  2) Alan Manson - South Africa



Genus Busarellus - 1 species

Hawk,_Black-collared  Busarellus nigricollis   Found: Mexico, Central America, South America
The Black-collared Hawk has mainl cinnamon-rufous plumage; paler breast; off-white head; blackish fore-neck and upper breast; black bill, bluish-tinged white legs.
Image by: 1, 3) Jerry Oldenettel  2) Thomas Junier  4) Cristiano Crolle - Esteros del Iberà, Argentina



Genus Aviceda
The bazas, also known as cuckoo-hawks, all have a crest on the head.

Baza, Black
  Aviceda leuphotes  Found: Asia, Indonesia
The Black Baza hasa black crest, head, neck; mainly black upperparts with some white; white upper-breast; whitish lower-breast and upper-belly with black bars; black lower-belly, vent; black under-wing coverts and black primary tips with the rest of under-wing white.
Image by: 1) Johnny Wee  2, 3) Vijay Ismavel - Assam, India   4) DChai21 - Singapore


Baza, Jerdon's  Aviceda jerdoni  Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines
The Jerdon's Baza has a white-tipped black crest; brown head, nape; rufous barred underparts; three black tail bands with whitish tip.
Image by: 1, 2) Bernard Dupont - Malaysia  3) Saud Faisal


Baza, Madagascar  also  Madagascar Cuckoo-Hawk  Found: Madagascar
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Louise Jasper  3) John Irvine


Baza, Pacific  Aviceda subcristata     Found: Australasia
The Pacific Baza has brown tinged slate-gray upperparts;  gray head with short crest; gray upper-breast; whitish lower breast and belly with dark bars.
Image by: 1) Aviceda - SE Queensland, Austalia  2) Stephan Barnett  3) Adrian Wiggins  4) Lip Kee Yap - Wulagi, Darwin, NT, AU
3) Stuffed



Genus Butastur

Buzzard, Grasshopper  Butastur rufipennis  Found: Africa
The Grasshopper Buzzard has gray-brown upperparts; gray tail with dark bars, black subterminal band, white tip; white throat; buffy breast with brown streaks; yellow cere and bill with black tip; yellow eyes, legs.
Image by: 1) Joseph Wolf  2) Nigel Blake - Gambia


Buzzard, Gray-faced  Butastur indicus   Found: Asia
The Gray-faced Buzzard has gray head, neck, breast; black moustach; brown back, upper-wings; white under-wings and belly with brown bars.  
Image by: M Nishimura


Buzzard, White-eyed  Butastur teesa  Found: south Asia
The White-eyed Buzzard has dark upperparts, head; white iris of eye, throat; light underparts with dark barring; yellow cere.
Imge by: 1, 3, 4) J M Garg  2) Shantanu Kuveskar - India



Genus Buteo  
Buteos are large raptors. They are known as buzzards in the Old World and hawks in the New World. The favorite prey are small mammals, but will also catch reptiles and ducks. They often soar on high and sprial down to seize their prey. They will also eat carrion if necessary.

Buzzard, Archer's  Buteo archeri Found: Africa
The Archer's Buzzard has brown upperparts; chestnut underparts with a white throat.
Image by: 1) Henrik Gronvoid


Buzzard, Augur Buteo augur Found: Africa
The Augur Buzzard Buteo is also considered as Buteo rufofuscus augur, a subspecies of the Jackal Buzzard. It has mainly black upperparts; blackish primary flight feathers; off-white secondary flight feathers; white underparts, under-wings. There is a melanistic form which has mainly black plumage
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - Carolina Raptor Center  4, 7) Dick - Tanzania  5) Dick - Kenya   6) Charlie Westerinen - South Africa   
1, 2, 3) Melanistic form.  



Buzzard, Common Buteo Buteo   Found: Europe, Asia , Africa
The varies from almost pure white to black. It is usually shades of brown with a "necklace" of feathers. The Steppe Buzzard  (Buteo b. vulpinus) is a subspecies of the Common Buzzard.
Similar to: European Honey-Buzzard. The Common Buzzard has a larger head than the European Honey-Buzzard. The European Honey-Buzzard has fewer bars on its tail.
Similar to: Mountain Buzzard. Mountain Buzzard has denser spots on underparts than the Common Buzzard.
Similar to: Rough-legged Hawk. Common Buzzard has broader, shorter wings. Rough-legged Hawk legs are feathered to the feet.
Image by:   1) Mark Medcalf - Scotland  2, 3) Dick Daniels - Center for Birds of Prey, Charleston, South Carolina    4) Arno Meintjes  5, 6) Craig Adam - South Africa   7, 8) Dick Daniels - World of Birds, South Africa  
4 - 8) Steppe Buzzard  


Buzzard, Jackal  Buteo rufofuscus   Found: Africa
The Jackal Buzzard has black upperparts; rufuous tail, upper-breast> Rest of underparts are black, white, and rufous.
Image by: 1, 2, 4, 5) Dick Daniels - Radical Raptors aviary in South Africa    3) Dick near De Hoop, South Africa  6) Sandy Cole near Tenikwa Cats, South Africa 



Buzzard, Long-legged  Buteo rufinus  Found: Europe, Asia, Africa
The Long-legged Buzzard has many different color forms from pale to very dark. It usually has orange tinted plumage, dark carpal patch; black trailing edge on under-wing. It is one of the larges species of Buteo.
Similar to: Rough-legged Buzzard. The Long-legged Buzzard is larger and more robust than the Rough-legged Buzzard. Rough-legged Buzzard legs are feathered to the feet.
Image by: 1) Sajahanmi  2) Durzan Cirano  3) A. Jo   4) Comfortably Numb  5) Sergey Yeliseev - Kazakhstan



Buzzard, Madagascar  Buteo brachypterus  Found: Madagascar
Image by:  1) Dick Daniels - Antananarivo Zoo, Madagascar  2, 5) Dick - Kirindy Forest, Madagascar  3) Fir Z 4) Daniel Guip



Buzzard, Mountain  Buteo oreophilus  Found: Africa
The Mountain Buzzard has brown upperparts; white underparts with dense brown spots.
Similar to: Common Buzzard. Mountain Buzzard has denser spots on underparts than the Common Buzzard.
Image by: 1) Alastair Rae  2) Dave Curtis


Buzzard, Upland  Buteo hemilasius  Found: Asia
The Upland Buzzard has a pale and dark morph. The pale morph has gray-brown upperparts; whitish head, nape, underparts; brownish-black thighs and flank patches; black carpal patch on under-wing; brown under-wing coverts; black wing-tips and trailing edge of wings; whitish under-tail.  Dark morph has brownish-black underparts, under-wing coverts; whitish under-tail.
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5) Sergey Pisarevskiy - South Siberia, Russia



Hawk, Broad-winged   Buteo platypterus   Found: The Americas
The Broad-winged Hawk has dark brown upperparts; white underparts with barring. Juvenile has (vertical) stripes instead of (horizontal) barring.
Similar to: Red-shouldered Hawk. Light morph Broad-winged Hawk similar. Red-shouldered Hawk has more distinctly barred tail. The closed wings of Red-shoulded Hawk are mottled; those of Broad-winged Hawk are solid in color.
Similar to: Short-tailed Hawk (dark morph). Dark morph Broad-winged Hawk similar. Tail of Short-tailed Hawk about same length as wing-tips; tail of Broad-winged Hawk longer than wing-tips. Adult Broad-winged hawk has barred tail; adult Short-tailed Hawk does not.
Similar to: Swainson's Hawk. Dark phases of Broad-winged Hawk and Swainson's Hawk are similar. Broad-winged Hawk has banded tail; Swainson's Hawk does not.
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - Carolina Raptor Center  3) Joseph Marsden - Florida  4) Julie Waters - Vermont  5) Leppyone - Florida  6) Dick - Boquette, Panama
1, 2, 3) Juvenile



Hawk, Ferruginous Buteo regalis   Found: North America
The Ferringous Hawk is named after its rust colored (reddish-brown) upperparts. The flight feathers are white with black tips on the primaries. Legs are feathered to the feet. Dark morph has rusty underparts; light moprh has whitish underparts.
Similar to: Red-tailed Hawk, Rough-legged Hawk. Base of Ferruginous Hawk's bill has more yellow than other species.
Image by:   1) Maggie Smith - California  2) Pat Gaines   3) Bill Bouton - California  4) Dick Daniels - Flamingo Gardens - Florida  
5) Alan Vernon - California   6)  Joahu Barnett - Arizona  7) Charlie Westerinen - Arizona
1, 2) Dark Morph  3 - 6) Light morph  3) Juvenile 



Hawk, Galapagos  Buteo galapagoensis Found: Galapagos Islands
The Galapagos Hawk has various colors, generally brownish-black upperparts. It has balck and white barred under-tail; brown eyes; grayish-black bill with a paler base; yellow legs.
Image by: 1) Len Blumin   2) Joe Le Nevez  3) Sara Yeomans
3) Dark morph


Hawk, Gray   Buteo plagiatus  Found: southwest USA to Costa Rica
The Gray Hawk has mainly light gray plumage; barred underparts; black tail with 3 white bands; orange legs.
Similar to: Gray-lined Hawk. The Gray Hawk has neglible barring on the upperparts; Gray-lined Hawk has barred upperparts and lowerparts. There is little overlap of the two species.
Image by: 1) Khyri - Arizona   2) John & Anne Chullod - Arizona    3) Pete Gregoire - Arizona  4) The Lilac Breasted Roller


Hawk, Gray-lined  Buteo nitidus  Found: Costa Rica south to Argentina
The Gray-lined Hawk has mainly light gray plumage; barred upperparts and underparts; black tail with 3 white bands; orange legs.
Similar to: Gray Hawk. The Gray Hawk has neglible barring on the upperparts; Gray-lined Hawk has barred upperparts and lowerparts. There is little overlap of the two species.
Image by: 1) Belgian chocolate   2, 3) Barloventomagico - Venezuela


Hawk, Hawaiian  Buteo solitarius  Endemic to Hawaii
The Hawaiiain Hawk has 2 morphs. One has a dark brown heard, breast, and under-wings. The other has light head, breast, and under-wings.
Image by: 1) Bryan Harry, NPS  2)  Bruce Albrecht  3) Kanalu Chock  4) cliff1066 - Honolulu Zoo  5) Pat and Keith Taylor - Kipuka Ki, Volcano
1, 2) Light morph  3, 4, 5) Dark morph


Hawk, Red-shouldered Buteo lineatus   Found: North America
The Red-shouldered Hawk has a brown head; reddish shoulders, breast; pale belly with reddish bars; white barred tail; yellow tail.
Similar to: Broad-winged Hawk (light morph). Red-shouldered Hawk has more distinctly barred tail. The closed wings of Red-shoulded Hawk are mottled; those of Broad-winged Hawk are solid in color.
Similar to: Red-tailed Hawk. Red-shouldered Hawk has orangish underparts; Red-tailed Hawk has brown underparts.
Image by:  1, 6) Dick Daniels - Florida  2, 3) Dick Daniels - North Carolina  4, 5) Dick - Carolina Raptor Center 7) Mike Baird  8) Charlie Westerinen - Colusa, California  9) Chuck Abbe
1) Juvenile




Hawk, Red-tailed Buteo jamaicensis   Found: North America
The Red-tailed Hawk has many subspecies of varying shades. It has a red upper-tail; buff-orange under-tai; whitish underparts with darker lower-breast. It is heavier than most buteo of similar length, resulting in a chunky appearance. Juveniles have yellow iris.
Similar to: Ferruginous Hawk. Base of Ferruginous Hawk's bill has more yellow than Red-tailed Hawk. Light morph Ferruginus Hawk has rusty brown wings and back; Red-tailed Hawk lacks the reddish tinge.
Similar to: Red-shouldered Hawk. Red-shouldered Hawk has orangish underparts; Red-tailed Hawk has brown underparts.
Similar to: Rough-legged Hawk. Rough-legged Hawk has white at base of tail, Red-tailed Hawk does not. Red-tailed Hawk has broader, shorter wings.
Image by:  1) BiteYourBum.com - California 2, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9) Dick Daniels - Carolina Raptor Center  3) Boris Reyt  - New Jersey6) Dick - North Carolina  10) Ted Grussing  11) Dave Fletcher - New York 
1, 2, 3) Juvenile (yellow iris)


Hawk, Ridgway's  Buteo ridgwayi  Found: Dominican Republic
The Ridgway's Hawk has brown-gray upperparts; grayish barred undparts; yellow legs, cere. Male is grayer than female.
Image by: 1, 2) Ron Knight


Hawk, Roadside  Buteo magnirostris  Found: South America
The Roadside Hawk has brown or gray upperparts; brown-and-white barred lower-breast, belly; relatively large dark bill with yellow cere; long tail with 4 or 5 gray bars.
Image by: 1) Dario Sanches  2) Wagner Machado Carlos Lemes  3) Dick Daniels - Ecuador  4) Cristiano Crolle - River Tigre Delta, Argentina


Hawk, Rough-legged  also  Rough-legged Buzzsard  Buteo lagopus   Found: North America, Europe, Asia
The Rough-legged Hawk has legs feathered to the feet; mainly brown plumage with white speckling; long white tail feathers with one or more dark terminal bands; wing tips may be longer than tail when perched.
Similar to: Common Buzzard. Common Buzzard has broader, shorter wings.
Similar to: Ferruginous Hawk. Base of Ferruginous Hawk's bill has more yellow than Rourh-legged Hawk. Light morph Ferruginus Hawk has rusty brown wings and back; Rough-legged Hawk lacks the reddish tinge.
Similar to: Long-legged Buzzard. The Long-legged Buzzard is larger and more robust than the Rough-legged Buzzard. Rough-legged Buzzard legs are feathered to the feet.
Similar to: Red-tailed Hawk. Rough-legged Hawk has white at base of tail, Red-tailed Hawk does not. Red-tailed Hawk has broader, shorter wings.
Image by :  1) Bill Majoros   2,  3, 4) Dick Daniels - Carolina Raptor Center   5) Walter Siegmund - Washington    6) Alan D Wilson  7) Terrie Schweitzer - Oregon  8) Seabamirum - New York 
1 - 6) Light morph  7, 8) Dark morph


Hawk, Short-tailed  Buteo brachyurus   Found: North America (Southern Florida), South America
The Short-tailed Hawk has a light and dark phase. The light phase has dark brown upperparts; white underparts; gray tail barred with black. The dark phase has black-brown upperparts, underparts; gray tail barred with black.
Similar to: Broad-winged Hawk (dark morph). Tail of Short-tailed Hawk about same length as wing-tips; tail of Broad-winged Hawk longer than wing-tips. Adult Broad-winged hawk has barred tail; adult Short-tailed Hawk does not.
Image by: 1) Amendezg - Mexico  2, 3) Amy Evenstad 4) Josh Henderson
1) Juvenile male, dark morph  2, 3) Dark morph  4) Light morph


Hawk, Swainson's Buteo swainsoni  Found: west North America, west South America
The Swainson's has 3 morphs. The light form has brown upperparts; white underparts with a reddish bib; white throat; white under-wings with a dark trailing edge; gray-brown tail with 6 dark bands and a wider white terminal bank. The intermediate form has rufous underparts. The dark form has dark brown plumage with a light patch under the tail.
Similar to: Broad-winged Hawk. Dark phases of Broad-winged Hawk and Swainson's Hawk are similar. Broad-winged Hawk has banded tail; Swainson's Hawk does not.
Similar to: White-tailed Hawk. Light phase Swainson's Hawk and White-tailed Hawk have a white belly, but only the Whte-tailed Hawk has a white tail.
Image by: 1) Larry Ridenhour, BLM  2) Dick Daniels - Wyoming   3) J N Stuart - New Mexico  4) Pharaoh Hound - Colorado    5) Mark Watson - New Mexico     6) Maggie Smith - California  7) Charlie Westerinen - Baker City, Oregon  8) Ann Kiszt   9) Dominic Sherony  10) Alan Vernon
1) Light juvenile  2) Intermediate juvenile  3, 4, 5) Light  6, 7, 8) Intermediate  9, 10 Dark morph




Hawk, White-throated  Buteo albigula  Found: Andes mountains of South America
The White-throated Hawk has dark brown upperparts; white throat; mainly white underparts with some streaking and brown patch on flanks.
Image by: 1) Pablo Contreras


Hawk, Zone-tailed  Buteo albonotatus  Found: southwest North America, South America
The Zone-tailed Hawk has mainly black plumage; black and silver-gray flight feathers; black tail with 3 or 4 white bands (gray from above) .
Similar to : Common Black Hawk. Zone-tailed Hawk has more white under its wings and more white bars on tail.
Similar to : Harris's Hawk. Harris's Hawk has chestnut on shoulders, Zone Tailed Hawk does not.
Image by: 1) Mark Watson - Colorado  2) SearchNet Media - Arizona  3) Dominic Sherony



Genus Buteogallus
Buteogallus like crabs and other large crustaceans and thus are sometimes called crab-hawks.
The Crowned Solitary Eagle and Black Solitary Eagle are also currently placed in Buteogallus. They tend to eat reptiles and are shown elsewhere.

Hawk, Common Black- Buteogallus anthracinus Found: North America, South America
The Common Black-Hawk has mainly black or dark gray plumage; short black tail with white band and white terminal strip; black tipped bill; yellow legs, cere.
Similar to: Cuban Black-Hawk. The Cuban Black-Hawk has distinct white panels near the end of their under-wings; Common Black-hawk does not have these white panels.
Similar to: Great Black-Hawk. Great Black-Hawk is larger than Common Black-Hawk and has a white tail base. Great Black-Hawk usually has white showing on upper-tail while perched; Common Black-Hawk usually has no white showing on upper-taile while perched.
Similar to : Harris's Hawk. Harris's Hawk has chestnut on shoulders, Common Black Hawk does not.
Similar to : Zone-tailed Hawk. Zone-tailed Hawk has more white under its wings and more white bars on tail.
Similar to: Black Solitary Eagle. The Black Solitary Eagle is much larger and has broader wings than the Common Black Hawk.
Image by: 1) barloventomagico - Venezuela  2) Victor Burolla   3) Jerry Oldenettel - Venezuela 4) Ted Grussing 
1) Juvenile 


Hawk, Cuban Black-  Buteogallus gundlachii  Found: Cuba
The Cuban Black-Hawk has mainly black or dark gray plumage; short black tail with white band and white terminal strip; black tipped bill; yellow legs, cere.
Similar to: Common Black-Hawk. The Cuban Black-Hawk has distinct white panels near the end of their under-wings; Common Black-hawk does not have these white panels.
Image by: 1, 2) Carol Foil - Cuba


Hawk, Great Black-  Buteogallus urubitinga  Found: Mexico to South America
The Great Black-Hawk has mainly black or dark gray plumage; short black tail with white base, band and white terminal strip; black tipped bill; yellow legs, cere.
Similar to: Common Black-Hawk. Great Black-Hawk is larger than Common Black-Hawk and has a white tail base. Great Black-Hawk usually has white showing on upper-tail while perched; Common Black-Hawk usually has no white showing on upper-taile while perched.
Image by:  1)  Andrea Grosse   2) Barloventomagico - Venezuela   3) Cristiano Crolle - Esteros del Iberà, Argentina  4) Ron Knight - Mexico


Hawk, Savanna  Buteogallus meridionalis  Found: South America
The Savanna Hawk has mottled gray upperparts; gray underparts with fine barring; black tail with white median band and white terminal band; black tipped flight feathers; yellow legs.
Image by:  1) Dario Sanches  2) Berrucomons   1, 4) Claudio Timm - Brazil  5) HarmonyOnPlanetEarth  6) Cristiano Crolle - Esteros del Iberà, Argentina


Hawk, Slate-colored  Buteogallus schistaceus  Found: South America
The Slate-colored Hawk has slate-gray plumage; gray tail with white mid-band; large yellow eyes; orange legs, cere, bare facila skin.
Image by: 1) Vince Smith - Ecuador  2) Marcel Holyoak - Peru


Hawk, White-necked  Buteogallus lacernulatus  Found: Brazil
The White-necked Hawk has black back, wings; white head, neck, underparts; tail has black base; white lower part with black terminal band.
Image by: 1) Rick Elis Simpson   2) Breno Platais - Brazil



Genus Circus
Harriers characteristically hunt by flying low over open ground such as grassland or marshes, feeding on small mammals, reptiles, or birds. The name Circus refers to the circling movements female and male make when courting. Males and females have distinct plumage.
See Polyboroides for more Harriers.

Harrier, African Marsh- Circus ranivorus  Found: Africa
The African Marsh-Harrier has mainly brown plumage; yellow eyes, legs.
Similar to: Western Marsh-Harrier.  African March-Harrier has darker underparts and head than Western Marsh-Harrier.
Image by: 1) Robert Simmons  2) Tarique Sani - Botswana   3) Sias van Schalkwyk - South Africa


Harrier, Black  Circus maurus  Found: Botswana, Nambia, South Africa
The Black Harrier has mainly black plumage; black under-wing coverts; white flight feathers.
Image by: 1) Coenraad Jacob Temminck  2) Jackie During


Harrier, Cinereous  Circus cinereus  Found: South America
The male Cinereous Harrier has dark gray upperparts; pale gray underparts with a rufous streaked belly; black wingtips; white rump. Female has mainly brown upperparts brown plumage; steaked breast and upper-belly; white rump.
Image by:  1) Pete Weis   2) Ron Knight - Argentina  3) Hans Zwitzer - Argentina  4) Dick Culbert - Argentina  5) Claudio Timm - Brazil
1, 2, 3) Female  4, 5) Male



Harrier, Eastern Marsh-  Circus spilonotus  Found: eastern Asia, New Guinea
The Eastern Marsh-Harrier  has blackish (male) or dark brown (female) upperparts. Female has buff streaking on head and underparts. Male has mostly white underparts.
Image by: 1, 4) Andy Li   2, 4)  Frankie Chu  
1) Female 2, 3) Male


Harrier, Long-winged  Circus buffoni  Found: South America
The Long-winged Harrier has blackish (male) or brown (female) upperparts; off-white underparts; white face; barred under-wings. Dark morph has brown underparts, face.
Image by:  1, 2, 5, 6) Cláudio Timm in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil   3) Cristiano Crolle - Esteros del Iberà, Argentina  4) Arria Belli
1, 2) Dark form


Harrier, Montagu's  Circus pygargus  Found: Europe, Asia, Africa
The male Montagu's Harrier has mainly gray plumage; black wing-tips; black bands on upper and lower wings. Female has dark brown upperparts; white rump; yellow-brown underparts with stripes.
Similar to: Northern Harrier. Northern Harrier has barring on wing-tips; Montagu's Harrier does not.
Similar to: Pallid Harrier. Female Montagu's Harrier had to distinguish from female Pallid Harrier. Female Pallid Harrier has a pale collar, female Montagu's Harrier does not.
Image by:   1, 3) Tarique Sani   2) Vitaliy Khustochka - Ukraine  4) JV Verde - Portugal
1, 2) Female  3, 4) Male


Harrier, Northern  also Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus Found: The Americas, Europe, Asia
The male Northern Harrier has gray upperparts, upper-breast; whitish lower-breast, belly; white rump; gray wings with black tips. Female has brown upperparts; buff underparts streaked with brown.
Similar to: Montagu's Harrier. Northern Harrier has barring on wing-tips; Montagu's Harrier does not.
Image by: 1, 5) Len Blumin - California 2) Alan D. Wilson - state of Washington  3) Dick Daniels - North Carolina   4) Dan Pancamo - Texas  6) juvethski  7) Alan D. Wilson - British Columbia 
1 - 4) Female  5, 6, 7) Male     


Harrier, Pallid  Circus macrourus  Found: Europe, Asia
The male Pallid Harrier has gray upperparts; white underparts; black wingtips. Female has brown upperparts; buff underparts streaked with brown.
Similar to: Montagu's Harrier. Female Montagu's Harrier had to distinguish from female Pallid Harrier. Female Pallid Harrier has a pale collar, female Montagu's Harrier does not.
Image by: Sergey Pisarevskiy - western Siberia 1, 2) Tarique Sani - India  3) Yathin - India
1, 2) Female  3, 4) Male


Harrier, Pied  Circus melanoleucos  Found: Asia, Philippines
The male Pied Harrier has a black head, upper-breast, primaries; white elsewhere. Female has mainly brown plumage; white upper-tail; barred tail; whitish thighs, vent.
Image by : 1) Andy Li  Jerry Oldenettel - Thailand


Harrier, Reunion  Circus maillardi  Found: island of Reunion in Indian Ocean, Madagascar
The male Reunion Harrier has a blackish head and back with white streaks; white underparts, under-wings, rump; gray tail. Female has mainly dark brown plumage; white rump; barred tail.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - Madagascar  2) Thierry Caro  
2) Stuffed


Harrier, Spotted  Circus assimilis  Found: Australia
The Spotted Harrier has bue-gray upperparts; chestnut underparts with white spots; barred tail; black tipped flight feathers.
Image by:  1) Phil Skeggs  2) Tom Tarrant  3) Ron Knight - South Australia  4) Ms Voren  5) David Cook - Queensland



Harrier, Swamp  Circus approximans  Found: Australasia
The Swamp Harrier has dark brown upperparts (becoming lighter with age); off-white to buff underparts with brown streks; white rump
Image by: 1) Richard Mowll - New Zealand  2) Dave Young   3, 4) Wayne Butterworth


Harrier, Western Marsh-  also Eurasian Marsh-Harrier  Circus aeruginosus  Found: Europe, Asia, Africa
The male Western Marsh-Harrier  has mainly reddish-brown plumage with yellowish streaks on neck and breast; light gray-brown under-wings. Female has mainly chocolated-brown plumage; lighter and yellowish head, throat, shoulders.
Similar to: African Marsh-Harrier.  African March-Harrier has darker underparts and head than Western Marsh-Harrier.
Image by: 1) Ferran Pestana  2) Moayed Bahajjaj      3) Sergey Pisarevskiy - western Siberia   4) Cristiano Crolle - Manzolino, Italy  5) Cristiano Crolle - Texel, Holland  6) Artur Mikolajewski - Lasy Janowskie, Poland
1) Juvenile  2) Male



Genus Erythrotriorchis

Goshawk, Red  Erythrotriorchis radiatus  Found; Australia
Image by: Aviceda



Genus Geranoaetus
These hawks are sometimes included in genus Buteo.

Buzzard-Eagle, Black-chested  also  Black Buzzard-Eagle Geranoaetus melanoleucus  Found: South America
The Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle has blue-gray upperparts, head, breast; white belly with faint barring; brown eyes; yellow bill, cere, legs. It is very large, hence the "eagle" in its name.
Similar to: Harpy Eagle. Harpy Eagle is much larger than Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle. Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle has yellow bill; Harpy Eagle has blackish bill.
Image by:  1) Sergio Nunez C. - Patagonia  2) Alceu Costa - Peru  3) Caronna 


Hawk, Variable  Geranoaetus polyosoma  Found: South America
The Variable Hawk is variable in appearance. All adults have a white tail with black subterminal band; gray under-wings with dark barring. Remaining plumage varies from dark gray to whitish with some having reddish-brown underparts. Females usually have a reddish-brown back.
Image by:  1) Dick Culbert - Chile  2) Turelio  3) Howard - East Falkland Island  4) Marcel Holyoak - Ecuador
3) Red-backed hawk subspecies


Hawk, White-tailed  Geranoaetus albicaudatuFound: south Texas to South America
The White-tailed Hawk has gray upperparts; white underparts; white tail with black band near the end.
Similar to: Swainson's Hawk. Light phase Swainson's Hawk and White-tailed Hawk have a white belly, but only the Whte-tailed Hawk has a white tail.
Image by: 1) Cláudio Dias Timm - Brazil    2) sfitzgerald86 - Texas   3) Dick Daniels - Arizona  4) Jorge Montejo  5) Alan and Elaine Wilson - Texas
1) Juvenile  2, 3, 4) sub adult  5) Adult



Genus Geranospiza - 1 species

Hawk, Crane  Geranospiza caerulescens  Found: Panamak South America
The Crane Hawk has mainly gray plumage; black tail with two white bars. One morph has white barring on the underparts.
Image by: 1) Nori Almeida  2) Jerry Oldenettel



Genus Kaupifalco - 1 species

Buzzard, Lizzard  Kaupifalco monogrammicus  Found: south Asia
The Lizzard Buzzard has mainly gray plumage; barring on the lower-breast, belly; black bill with red cere; white throat with black vertical linet.
Image by: 1) Gabriel Buissart  2) Brian Ralphs - Mozambique



Genus Leucopternis
They have black or gray upperparts; white underparts; orange cere.

Hawk, Black-faced  Leucopternis melanops  Found: northern South America
The Black-faced Hawk has black upperparts with white spots; white head with black mask; white underparts; orange cere, legs; black tail with white median band and thin white tip.
Image by: 1) Tony Morris


Hawk, Semiplumbeous  Leucopternis semiplumbeus  Found: Central and northern South America
The Semiplumbeous Hawk has dark gray upperparts, head, nape; white underparts; thinnly black streaked side of breast; black tail with narrow white median band; orange cere, legs.
Similar to: White-browed Hawk. White-browed Hawk has white brow; Semiplumbeous Hawk has no supercilium.
Image by: 1) Michael Woodruff  2) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica


Hawk, White-browed  Leucopternis kuhli  Found: Bolivia, Brazil, Peru
The White-browed Hawk has dark gray upperparts; white brow; black crown, mask; white underparts; thinnly black streaked side of neck, side of breast; black tail with white band and tip; orange cere, legs.
Similar to: Semiplumbeous Hawk. White-browed Hawk has white brow; Semiplumbeous Hawk has no supercilium.
Image by: Josleph Smit



Genus Macheiramphus - 1 species

Hawk, Bat  Macheiramphus alcinus  Found: Africa, Asia
The Bat Hawk has mainly dark brown or black plumage; white throat with black median line.
Image by: 1) Johan van Rensburg  2) Gary Albert



Genus Megatriorchis - 1 Species

Goshawk, Doria's Megatriorchis doriae Found: New Guinea
The Doria's Goshawk has grayish-brown upperparts with a black barred crown; whitish underparts;  black streak behind the eye; blackish bill; greenish-yellow legs.
Image by: markaharper1



Genus Melierax
The Chanting Goshawks, long-tailed hawks, are found in Africa

Goshawk, Dark Chanting-  Melierax metabates  Found: Africa
The Dark Chanting-Goshawk has slate-gray upperparts, upper-breast; gray-and-white barring on rest of underparts`; black and white tail; gray wings with black tips.
Image by:  1, 2, 3) Arno Meintjes  4) Nevit Dilmen - Tanzania  5) Frank Vassen - Namibia   6) I Love Trees at Kapama Game Reserve, South Africa   7) JV Verde - Gambia



Goshawk, Eastern Chanting-  Melierax poliopterus  Found: east Africa
The Eastern Chanting-Goshawk has gray upperparts, breast; gray-and-white barring on belly; blackish upper-tail; white under-tail with gray bars; yellow cere; orange-red legs.
Image by  1) Lip Kee Yap  2) Christiaan Kooyman  3) Sergey Yeliseev - Kenya


Goshawk, Pale Chanting- also Southern Pale Chanting-Goshawk  Melierax canorus    Found: Africa
The Pale Chanting-Goshawk has gray upperparts, head, upper-breast; gray and white barred lower-breast, belly; white rump; red eyes, cere, legs.
Image by:  1) Alastair Rae  2)  Francesco Veronesi   3) Cristiano Crolle  - Etosha Nat.Park, Namibia   4) David Berliner - Tanqua Karoo, Western Cape, South Africa



Genus Micronisus - 1 species

Goshawk, Gabar  Micronisus gabar   Found: Africa
The Gabar Goshawk has gray upperparts, head, upper-breast; gray and white barred lower-breast, belly; white rump; red eyes, cere, legs.
Image by: 1) Neil Strickland   2, 3) Lip Kee - Tanzania   4) Mike LaBarbera - Tanzania
1) Juvenile  4) Dark Phase



Genus Morphnarchus - 1 species

Hawk, Barred  Morphnarchus princeps  Found: Costa Rica, Panama, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The Barred Hawk has black upperparts, head, bib; white lower-breast and belly with black bars.
Image by: 1) Joseph Wolf



Genus Parabuteo

Hawk, Harris's   Parabuteo unicinctus   Found: southwest USA to South America
The Harris's Hawk has mainly brown plumage; chestnut shoulders; white on base and tip of tail; yellow legs, cere.
Similar to : Common Black Hawk, Zone-tailed Hawk. Harris's Hawk has chestnut on shoulders, others do not.
Image by: 1, 5)  Alan D Wilson  - Texas  2) Dick - San Diego Zoo  3, 4) Dick Daniels - Carolina Raptor Center    6, 7) Dick - Center for Birds of Prey, Charleston, South Carolina   8) Mark Watson - New Mexico
2) Western Harris's Hawk (Parabuteo unicinctus harrisi
1) Juvenile  



Genus Pernis
The Honey-Buzzards breed in temperate regions of the Old World. They feed on wasp larvae.

Buzzard, European Honey- also Honey Buzzard  Pernis apivorus   Found: Europe, Asia, Africa
The European Honey Buzzard has a small blue-gray (male) or brown (female) head; yellow-orange eyes; two dark central bands and one dark terminal band. Juvenile has brown eyes.
Similar to: Common Buzzard. The Common Buzzard has a larger head than the European Honey-Buzzard. The European Honey-Buzzard has fewer bars on its tail.
Similar to: Oriental Honey-Buzzard. The European Honey-Buzzard is darker than the Oriental Honey-Buzzard.
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Rainer Altenkamp   3) Jo Mur - Zambia  4,6 ) Cristiano Crolle - Cesano Maderno, Italy  5) Characters


Buzzard, Oriental Honey-  also  Crested Honey-Buzzard  Pernis ptilorhynchus  Found: Asia, Indonesia, Philippines
The Oriental Honey Buzzard has a long neck and small blue-gray (male) or brown (female) head; brown upperparts; dark throat stripe.
Similar to: European Honey-Buzzard. The European Honey-Buzzard is darker than the Oriental Honey-Buzzard.
Image by: 1) J M Garg  2) Koshy Koshy - India  3) Hiyashi Haka - Taiwan  4) Umang Dutt - India  5) Sergey Yeliseev - India 




Genus Polyboroides

Hawk, African Harrier- also Harrier Hawk also Gymnogene Polyboroides typus   Found: Africa
The African Harrier-Hawk has mainly gray plumage; black tail with single white band; black flight feathers; dark banding on lower-breast, belly; yellow eye-patch.
Image by:  1) Charlie Westerinen - northeast Botswana1  2) Dick Daniels - World of Birds, South Africa   3, 4) Arno Meintjes  5) Joseph Mochoge - Kenya  6) Craig Adam - South Africa


Hawk, Madagascar Harrier-  Polyboroides radiatus  Found: Madagascar
The Madagascar Harrier-Hawk has mainly gray plumage; black tail with single white band; black flight feathers; dark banding on lower-breast, belly; yellow eye-patch.
Image by: 1) Werner Witte  2) Frank Wouters
1) Juvenile



Genus Pseudastur

Hawk, Gray-backed  Pseudastur occidentalis  Found: Ecuador and Peru
The Gray-backed Hawk has dark gray upperparts; white underparts; white tail with wide black subterminal band; dark streaks on crown, cheeks, sides of neck.
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi - Ecuador  2) Ardeola - Ecuador


Hawk, Mantled  Pseudastur polionotus  Found: Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit   2) Duane Duarte


Hawk, White  Pseudastur albicollis  Found: southern Mexico to South America
The White Hawk has white body, head, under-wings; black upper-wings; white tail with black band; black wing tips.
Image by: 1, 2) Dominic Sherony  3) Francesco Veronesi - Panama  4) Amy McAndrews - Mexico





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