PARROTS and Allies of The World

The order Psittaciformes is comprised of the parrots and their allies. They are found in most warm and tropical regions. The greatest diversity of parrots is found in South America and Australasia. Characteristic features of parrots include a strong curved bill, an upright stance, and strong legs. Like woodpeckers, they have 2 toes pointing forward (digits 2, 3) and 2 toes pointing backward (digits 1, 4). Most parrots are predominantly green, with other bright colors. They generally exhibit little or no sexual dimorphism. The most important components of most parrots' diets are seeds, nuts, fruit, buds and other plant material. Almost all parrots nest in tree holes. Parrots are some of the most intelligent birds, and the ability of some parrot species to imitate human voices enhances their popularity as pets.



Asian Parrots

Order Psittaciformes    Family Psittacidae


Genus Loriculus
The Hanging Parrots are unique in their ability to sleep upside-down. The are usually mainly green and have a red rump. They are found in tropical southeast Asai, Indonesia, Malaysia, New Guinea

Parrot, Blue-crowned Hanging-  Loriculus galgulus Found: Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia
The Blue-crowned Hanging-Parrot has mainly green plumage; black bill. Male has blue crown; red rump, throat; yellow lower back.  Female lack the red, have little blue.
Image by: 1, 2) Lip Kee - Singapore 3) Frank Monnerjahn  4) Dick Daniels - North Carolina Zoo 
1) Female  2, 3, 4) Male


Parrot, Moluccan Hanging- Loriculus amabilis  Found: Halmahera, Bacan and Morotai in Indonesia
The male Moluccan Hanging-Parrot has a red fore-crown, forehead; red patch on throat; orangish-brown lower mantle, back; red rump, upper-tail. Female has green crown, throat.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Nigel Voaden
1) Male at top; female at bottom


Parrot, Papuan Hanging-  also  Orange-fronted Hanging Parrot  Loriculus aurantiifrons  Found: New Guinea and nearby islands
The male Papuan Hanging-Parrot has mainly green plumage; yellow fore-crown; red patch on throat; red upper-tail, rump. Female has blue or green fore-crown; smaller red patch on throat.
Image by: Joseph Smit - Biodiversity Heritage Library


Parrot, Pygmy Hanging-  also  Green Hanging-Parrot  Loriculus exilis  Found: Sulawesi, Indonesia.
The Pygmy Hanging-Parrot has mainly green plumage; red rump; red chin spot bordered by blue; red bill. Female's red chin spot has less blue border.
Similar to: Sulawesi Hanging-Parrot. Pygmy Hanging-Parrot has red bill; Sulawesi Hanging-Parrot has black bill.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans


Parrot, Sri Lanka Hanging-  also  Ceylon Hanging-Parrot      Loriculus beryllinusFound: Sri Lanka
The Sri Lanka Hanging Parrot has mainly green plumage with yellow-washed nape, underparts;  red crown, rump; pale blue chin throat; red bill.
Image by: 1, 2) Haliz Issadeen - Sri Lanka


Parrot, Sula Hanging-  Loriculus sclateri  Found: Sula Islands and Banggai Islands in Indonesia
The Sula Hanging-Parrot has mainly green plumage; red chin, throat, rump; yellow mantle; black bill.
Image by: 1) Joseph Wolf


Parrot, Sulawesi Hanging-  Also Maroon-rumped Hanging Parrot  Loriculus stigmatus  Found: Sulawesi and vicinity, Indonesia
The Sulawesi Hang-ing Parrot has mainly green plumage; maroon-red rump; red chin, crown; black bill. Female does not have red crown.
Similar to: Pygmy Hanging-Parrot.  Pygmy Hanging-Parrot has red bill; Sulawesi Hanging-Parrot has black bill.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemands  2) Lip Kee - Sulawesi


Parrot, Vernal Hanging-  Loriculus vernalis  Found: India, Nepal, southeast Asia
The Vernal Hanging-Parrot has mainly green plumage; white eyes; light red bill; red rump, upper-tail coverts.
Image by: 1) Jerry Oldenettel - Thailand


Parrot, Yellow-throated Hanging-  Loriculus pusillus  Found: Java and Bali of Indonesia
The Yellow-throated Hanging-Parrot has mainly green plumage; yellow tinged mantle, underparts;  red rump. Male has orange-yellow mark on throat.
Image by: 1) Lip Kee - Java



Genus Psittacula
The Afro-Asian Ringnecked parakeets are found from Africa to South-East Asia. This is the only genus of Parrot which has majority of its species in Asia.

Parakeet, Alexandrine   Psittacula eupatria  Found: Asia, Europe (introduced) 
The Alexandrien Parakeet has mainly green plumage; reddish-brown shoulder patch; red bill with yellow tips; white eye-ring. Male has black collar.
Similar to: Rose-ringed Parakeet.  Female Rose-ringed Parakeet similar to male Alexandrine Parakeet. The Alexandrine Parakeet has a bold eye-ring.
Image by: 1) Treyor Lawrie - Symbio wildlife park, Australia  2) Peter Tan - Jurong Bird Park, Singapore   3) Dick Daniels - Nepal
1) Female  2) Male


Parakeet, Blossom-headed  Psittacula roseata  Found: southeast Asia, India
The male Blossom-headed Parakeet has green uppperparts; pale blue head with pink front; narrow black collar; black chin stripe; lime underparts; long blue tale with light tip; yellow upper mandible; dark gray lower mandible. Female has pale bluish-gray head; lacks black on head.
1) Female  2, 3) Male
Image by: 1) Sumseet Moghe  2) Yamez A  3) Nostalgic Memories 


Parakeet, Derbyan  also  Lord Derby's Parakeet  Psittacula derbiana  Found: Tibet, India
The Derbyan Parakeet has green upperparts; blue crown; gray-blue underparts; black arc between eyes; black chin. Male has red upper mandible, black lower mandible; female has black bill.
Image by: 1) T J Lin   2) Chris Stevenson  3) Matthias Wicke  4) Richard Bach 5) Dave Young
1) Male left, female right  2, 3) Female  4, 5) Male



Parakeet, Gray-headed  Psittacula finschii  Found: southeast Asia
The Gray-headed Parakeet has green upperparts; yellowish-green underparts; dark gray head; gain green collar; red upper manbible, yellow lower mandible. it is found northeast India, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Mayur Kotlikar


Parakeet, Layard's  Psittacula calthropae  Found: Sri Lanka
The Layard's Parakeet has a bluish-gray head, back; green collar; black chin area; blue tail tipped with yellow
Image by: 1) Haliz Issadeen  2) Danushka Senadheera - Sri Lanka


Parakeet, Long-tailed  Psittacula longicauda  Found: Indonesia, Malaysia
The male Long-tailed Parakeet has green wings; green back with pale yellow-green mantle; light gray head; black arc between eyes; wide black moustache; light gray underparts; very long dark blue tail; red upper mandible; brown lower mandible. Female has shorter tail; dark brown bill.
Image by: 1) Michael Khor - Singapore 2) Lip Kee - Singapore
1, 2) Male


Parakeet, Malabar  also  Blue-winged Parakeet  Psittacula columboides  Found: Southern India
The Malabar Parakeet has mainly bluish-gray plumage with yellow tipped tail; black collar' yellowish under-tail. Male has red upper mandible. Female has all black bill;
Image by: 1) Lip Kee  2) Yathin S Krishnappa - India
1) Female  2) Male


Parakeet, Mauritius  also  Echo ParrotPsittacula echo  Found: Mascarene Islands in Indian Ocean
The male Mauritius has green plumage upperparts; bluish nape; yellowish underparts, under-wings; black arc between eyes ; black neck collar; red upper mandible; black lower mandible. Female has black bill, but not other black on head.
Image by: 1) Colin Houston  2) Whi Mauritius
1) Female  2) Male


Parakeet, Plum-headed  Psittacula cyanocephala  Endemic to Indian Subcontinent
The male Plum-headed Parakeet has mainly yellow-green plumage; plum colored head shading to head in front; black collar; black chin stripe orange upper mandible; black lower mandible. Female has blue-gray head; lacks black collar; lacks black chin stripe; bill same as male's.
Image by:  1) J M Garg - India  2) Tarique Sari - India  3) Thomas Guignard   4) Nevit Dilmen
1, 2) Female  3, 4) Male


Parakeet, Red-breasted also Moustached Parakeet  Psittacula alexandri  Found: Asia
The Red-breasted Parakeet has green upperparts; yellow-green median wing coverts; bluish-gray head; black arc between eyes; wide black moustache; pink breast (duller in female); green belly; variable colored bill.
Image by: 1) Dave Young  2) Dick Daniels - Jungle Island of Miami  3, 4) Lip Kee - Singapore   
3) Female  4) Female left, male right


Parakeet, Rose-ringed also Ring-necked Parakeet Psittacula krameri Found: Asia, Africa  Introduced: The Americas, Europe
The Rose-ringed Parakeet has mainly green plumage with some yellow tinge depending on subspecies; bill color is subspecies dependent. Male has bluish nape; dark thin collar; female has not collar.
Similar to: Alexandrine Parakeet. Female Rose-ringed Parakeet similar to male Alexandrine Parakeet. The Alexandrine Parakeet has a bold eye-ring.
Image by: 1, 2) J M Garg - India  4, 6) Sandy Cole - Birds of Eden, South Africa  3, 5) Dick Daniels - Birds of Eden
1) Male on left, female on right  2) Female  3, 4, 5) Male  3, 4, 5, 6) Indian Ringneck Parkakeet (P. krameri manillensis)



Parakeet, Slaty-headed  Psittacula himalayana  Found: mountains of Asia in summer, lower in winter
The Slaty-headed Parakeet has dark green upperparts; lighter neck, underparts; dark gray head; black chin; red upper mandible; pale yellow lower mandible. Male has long blue-and-yellow tail with green base; female has shorter tail.
Image by: 1) JM Garg - India




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