Piciformes of The World

The order Piciformes is made up of the woodpecker family Picidae plus 8 other families. Picidae make up about half of the species. In general, the Piciformes are insectivorous, but some exceptions eat mostly fruit. Nearly all Piciformes have parrot-like feet—two toes forward and two back, an arrangement that has obvious advantages for birds that spend much of their time on tree trunks. And most Piciformes do not have down feathers at any age, only true feathers. All nest in cavites.


Family Picidae: Woodpeckers and Allies

The woodpeckers family members are found almost worldwide. Most species live in forests or woodland habitats, although a few species are known to live in treeless areas such as rocky hillsides and deserts. They range in size from 8-50cm. Many species exhibit patches of red and yellow on their heads and bellies, and these bright areas are important in signalling. Although the sexes of Picidae species tend to look alike, many have more prominent red or yellow head markings in males than in females.

Members of the family Picidae have strong bills for drilling and drumming on trees and long sticky tongues for extracting food. Species that use their bills in soil or for probing as opposed to regular hammering tend to have longer and more decurved bills. To prevent brain damage from the rapid and repeated decelerations, woodpeckers have evolved a number of adaptations to protect the brain. These include small brain size and the short duration of contact. The millisecond before contact with wood a thickened membrane closes, protecting the eye from flying debris. The nostrils are also protected; they are often slit-like and have special feathers to cover them. In addition to the strong claws and feet woodpeckers have short strong legs, this is typical of birds that regularly forage on trunks. The tails of most woodpeckers are stiffened, and when the bird perches on vertical surfaces, the tail and feet work together to support it. Picidae species can either be sedentary or migratory.


Genus Blythipicus  Found: southeast Asia, Malaysia

Woodpecker,_Bay  Blythipicus pyrrhotis  Found: China, Indian subcontinent, southeast Asia, Malaysia
Image by: 1) Raju_Kasambe  2) Tang_Jun  3) Rejaul_Karim


Woodpecker,_Maroon  Blythipicus rubiginosus  Found: Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand
Image by: 1, 3) John_Mittermeier  2) Weng_Keong_Liew



Genus Campephilus  Found: mainly South America; also North America (Mexico)
These are large South American Woodpeckers. The name means "lover of grubs". For similarly appearing woodpeckers, see also Dryocopus.

Woodpecker,_Cream-backed  Campephilus leucopogon  Found; South America
The Cream-backed Woodpecker has black upperparts with large cream colored stripe on back; red head. Male has black-and-white ear spot. Female has black forehead; black forecrest; white malar stripe. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay.
Similar to: Robust Woodpecker. Cream-backed Woodpecker has wider light colored stripe on back than does the Robust Woodpecker.
Image by: 1. 2, 3) Nick_Athanas - Argentina  4) Cristiano Crolle - Esteros del Iberà, Argentina
1) Pair - male on top  2) Female  3, 4) Male


Woodpecker,_Crimson-bellied  Campephilus haematogaster  Found: Panama, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The Crimson-bellied Woodpecker has black upperparts; red creasted head; red underparts; off-white face with black eye-line; off-white above base of bill.
Similar to: Red-necked Woodpecker. Crimson-bellied Woodpecker has off-white face with black eye-line; Red-necked Woodpecker has red face.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Delahaye  4) Rodrigo_Gavirao   5) Nick_Athanas - Columbia
1) Juvenile  2) Female  3, 5) Male


Woodpecker, Crimson-crested  Campephilus melanoleucos  Found: South America
The Cirmson-crested Woodpecker has black upperparts; red crest; white lines running down the sides of the black throat and shoulders, which meet in a V on the back; white underparts barred with black. Adult females have white line from base of bill that connects with the white line on throat. In adult males the white line is not is not continuous; instead there is a white above base of bill and white spot on cheek. Female has black forehead.
Similar to: Guayaquil Woodpecker. Male Crimson-crested Woodpecker has white above base of bill; male Guayaquil Woodpecker has red above base of bill. Female Crimson-crested Woodpecker has black forehead; female Guayaquil Woodpecker has red forehead. 
Similar to: Lineated Woodpecker. Crimson-crested Woodpecker has white lines on the back that form a V; Lineated Woodpecker has parallel white lines on the back.
Similar to: Powerful Woodpecker. Crimson-crested Woodpecker has white underparts with black bars; Powerful Woodpecker has black underparts.
Image by: 1) Cláudio Timm - the Amazon, Brazil  2, 3, 4, 5) Dick Daniels - Soberania National Park, Panama  6) birdphotos.com - Venezuela
 5) Female on left, male on right  6) Male



Woodpecker,_Guayaquil  Campephilus gayaquilensis  Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The Guayaquil Woodpecker has black upperparts; red crest; white lines running down the sides of the black throat and shoulders, which meet in a V on the back; white underparts barred with black. Adult females have white line from base of bill that connects with the white line on throat. In adult males the white line is not is not continuous; instead there is a white spot on cheek.
Similar to: Crimson-crested Woodpecker. Male Crimson-crested Woodpecker has white above base of bill; male Guayaquil Woodpecker has red above base of bill. Female Crimson-crested Woodpecker has black forehead; female Guayaquil Woodpecker has red forehead. 
Image by:   1, 2, 3) Nick_Athanas -Peru, Ecuador, Ecuador
1, 2) Female 3) Male


Woodpecker, Magellanic   Campephilus magellanicus  Found: Chile, Argentina
The Magellanic Woodpecker has dark bill; black body with white secondaries. Male has red head. Female has black head with impressive crest.
Image by: 1) Richard Crook   2) Nick_Athanas  3,4) Liam Quinn - Agrentina
1) Female  2) Male with juvenile  3, 4) Male


Woodpecker, Pale-billed  Campephilus guatemalensis  Found: Mexico to Panama
The Pale-billed Woodpecker has red crest; black upperparts; white lines along side of neck; white underparts barred with gray. Male has red forehead and throat; female has black forehead and throat.
Similar to: Lineated Woodpecker. Pale-billed Woodpecker is larger than Lineated Woodpecker. Lineated Woodpecker has  white line from base of bill to neck.
Image by: 1) Alexsf007 - Cayo, Belize  2) D. G. Robertson - Costa Rica
1) Male


Woodpecker,_Powerful  Campephilus pollens  Found; South America
The Powerful Woodpecker has white lines running from the base of the bill, down the sides of the throat and shoulders, and meeting in a V on the back. The rest of the plumage is black, except the male has a red crest. It is found in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela.
Similar to: Crimson-crested Woodpecker. Crimson-crested Woodpecker has white underparts with black bars; Powerful Woodpecker has black underparts.
Image: 1, 4) Nick_Athanas - Ecuador  2) JPC Raleigh 3) Francesco Veresoni - Ecuador
1, 2) Female  3, 4) Male


Woodpecker,_Red-necked  Campephilus rubricollis  Found: South America
The Red-necked Woodpecker has a red head, neck, underparts. The male has a white ear spot with black. Female has white at base of bill. Rest of plumage is black.
Similar to: Crimson-bellied Woodpecker. Crimson-bellied Woodpecker has off-white face with black eye-line; Red-necked Woodpecker has red face.
Image by: 1) Barloventomagico - Bolivia  2) Maxime_Dechelle - French Guiana  3) Nick_Athanas  - Brazil
1) Female  2, 3) Male


Woodpecker,_Robust  Campephilus robustus  Found: South America
The Robust Woodpecker has red head, throat, neck; white underparts barred with black. There is no white line on neck. The male has a light ear spot with black; female has white malar stripe. It is found in Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay.
Similar to: Cream-backed Woodpecker. Cream-backed Woodpecker has wider light colored stripe on back than does the Robust Woodpecker.
Image by: 1, 2) Cláudio Timm - Santa Catarina, Brazil  3) Dario_Sanches  4) Nick_Athanas
1, 2, 4) Male



Genus Campethera  Found: Africa

Woodpecker, Bennett's
  Campethera bennettii  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Lip Kee - Botswana  2) Johann Synman - Zambia  3,43) Derek Keats - South Africa
1) Male on left, Female on right


Woodpecker, Brown-eared  Campethera caroli  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Steve Garvie - Kenya  2) Ross_Tsai - Uganda


Woodpecker,_Buff-spotted   Campethera nivosa   Found: Africa
Image by 1) Michael_Andersen - Sierae Leone  2) Marcel_Holyoak - Cameroon


Woodpecker, Golden-tailed  Campethera abingoni   Found: Africa
The Golde-tailed Woodpecker has a gold tinge to its lower back and tail.
Image by: 1) Alastair Rae  2) Arno Meintjes  3) Cristiano Crolle - Kalahari desert Namibia


Woodpecker, Green-backed  Campethera cailliautii  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi


Woodpecker,_Knysna   Campethera notata   Found: South Africa
The Knysna olive green upperparts; olive-brown tail crossed with 6 bars of almost yellow color; gray-black feathers on crown are tipped scarlet (female has scarlet only on rear-crown); whitish ear coverts streaked with black; yellowish underparts covered with black spots.
Image by 1) Naturalis


Woodpecker,_Little_Green   Campethera maculosa   Found: Africa
Image by 1) John_Caddick - Sierra Leone  2) Craig_Evenhouse


Woodpecker,_Mombasa   Campethera mombassica   Found: Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Image by 1, 2) Steve Garvie - Kenya
1) Female 2) Male


Woodpecker , Nubian  Campethera nubica  Found: Africa
Image by:  1, 2, 3, 4) Dick Daniels -  Keekorok Lodge in the Masai Mara, Kenya    5) Brad Schram - Samburu National Reserve 6) Wifflepeg - Kenya  7) Joseph Mochoge - Eburu Kenya
1 - 4) Female  5, 6) Male



Woodpecker,_Tullberg's   Campethera tullbergi   Found: Africa
Image by 1, 2) Mike_Barth - Kenya



Genus Celeus  Found: mainly in South America
These species are often chestnut colored. They have a crest which is usually lighter than the body. Male has red malar stripe.

Woodpecker, Blond-crested  Celeus flavescens  Found: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
The Blond-crested Woodpecker has a blond head with long crest; yellow throat; black upperparts with white edging; black underparts. Male has a red malar stripe.
Similar to: Pale-crested Woodpecker. Female Pale-crested Woodpecker has brown malar stripe; female Blond-crested Woodpecker has negligble malar stripe. Differentiating between males is problematic.
Image by:  1,  4) Dario Sanches- Brazil  2, 3) Aaron Maizish - Brazil 5) DougMino - Brazil
1) Female  3, 4) Male



Woodpecker,_Chestnut  Celeus elegans  Found: Trinadad, South America
The Chestnut Woodpecker has mainly chestnut plumage; yellow rump, flanks; black tail; light yellow bill; light eye-rings. Male has a red malar stripe.
Similar to: Scale-breasted Woodpecker. Scale-breasted Woodpecker has "scales"; Chesnut woodpecker is not barred.
Image by: 1) Steve Garvie - Trinadad  2) Francesco_Veronesi - Trinidad  3) Joao_Quental - Brazil


Woodpecker,_Chestnut-colored  Celeus castaneus  Found: Mexico, Central America
The Chestnut-colored Woodpecker has mainly dark rufous plumage with black chevrons; a lighter chestnut head; pale yellow bill.
Similar to: Cinnamon Woodpecker. Chestnut-colored Woodpecker has dark upperparts and underparts; Cinnamon Woodpecker has dark upperparts, lighter underparts.
Image by: 1) Amy McAndrews - Mexico  2) Michael Woodruff - Costa Rica  3) Don Faulkner - Costa Rica  4) Nick_Athanas - Costa Rica
4) Male


Woodpecker,_Cinnamon  Celeus loricatus  Found: Central America, South America (Columbia)
The Cinnamon Woodpecker has (cinnamon) rufous upperparts with thin black chevrons; cinnamon crest; light underparts with black chevrons; pale yellow bill. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Nicaragua, and Panama.
Similar to: Chestnut-colored Woodpecker. Chestnut-colored Woodpecker has dark upperparts and underparts; Cinnamon Woodpecker has dark upperparts, lighter underparts.
Similar to: Waved Woodpecker. Waved Woodpecker has bolder bars on its back than does the Cinnamon Woodpecker.
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - Soberania National Park, Panama  3) HarmonyOnPlanetEarth - Panama  4) Nick_Athanas - Ecuador
3, 4) Male


Woodpecker,_Cream-colored  Celeus flavus  Found: South America
The Cream-colored Woodpecker has mainly creamy yellow plumage; darker wingtips; black tail. Male has dark ring around eyes.
Image by: Jerry Oldenettel - Venezuela  2) Mark Watson - Venezuela  3) Carol Foil - Ecuador  4) Nick_Athanas - Ecuador
4) Male


Woodpecker,_Kaempfer's   Celeus obrieni   Found: Brazil
The Kaempher's Woodpecker has buff upperparts; wing coverts barred with black; black upper-breast, tail. Male has red malar.
Image by 1) Joao_Quental


Woodpecker, Pale-crested  Celeus lugubris  Found; Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
The Pale-crested Woodpecker has a pale-yellow crested head; dark brown or black upperparts with yellow bars; dark brown underparts with some barring. Male has red malar stripe; female has brown malar stripe which extends onto face.
Similar to: Blond-crested Woodpecker. Female Pale-crested Woodpecker has brown malar stripe; female Blond-crested Woodpecker has negligble malar stripe. Differentiating between males is problematic.
Image by:   1) Tambako The Jaguar  2) David Schenfeld - Brazil  3) Bert's Photos - Paraguay male
1, 2) Female  3) Male


Woodpecker,_Ringed  Celeus torquatus  Found; northern South America
The Ringed Woodpecker has cinnamon head, neck; light chestnut upperparts with blackish bars, tail; black breast; black back on one subspecies; lower belly light cinnamon. Male has red malar streak.
Similar to: Rufous-headed Woodpecker. Ringed Woodpecker has darker upperparts than Rufous-headed Woodpecker.
Image by: 1) Sean McCann - French Guiana  2) Amy McAndrews - Brazil  3) Nick_Athanas - Braqzil


Woodpecker, Rufous-headed  Celeus spectabilis  Found: South America
The Rufous-headed Woodpecker has a red head, throat; black bib, tail; creamy colored with black bars. Male has red moustache.
Similar to: Ringed Woodpecker. Ringed Woodpecker has darker upperparts than Rufous-headed Woodpecker.
Image by: 1) Yuri Hooker  2) Ross at Texas


Woodpecker,_Scale-breasted  Celeus grammicus  Found;  northern South America
The Scale-breasted Woodpecker has barred (scaly) chestnut upperparts and breast; chestnut head; yellowish-brown flanks; light eye-rings.
Similar to: Chestnut Woodpecker. Scale-breasted Woodpecker has "scales"; Chesnut woodpecker is not barred.
Image by: 1) Claudio_D_Timm  2) Dave_Wendelken  3) Nick_Athanas
3) Female


Woodpecker,_Waved  Celeus undatus  Found; northern South America
The Wave Woodpecker has cinnamon upperparts with bold wavy dark bars; cinnamon head, neck have faint bars; small crest; lighter cinnamon underparts with black bars. Male has red malar stripe. It is found in Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela.
Similar to: Cinnamon Woodpecker. Waved Woodpecker has bolder bars on its back than does the Cinnamon Woodpecker.
Image by: 1) Jerry Oldenettel - Venezuela  2) Nick_Athanas - Venezula 3) Michel_Giraud-Audine - French Guiana 
2) Female  3) Male




Genus Chrysocolaptes  Found: Asia
These woodpeckers are known as flameback. For similar Asian woodpeckers see also Dinopium, Dryocopus

Flameback,_Buff-spotted   Chrysocolaptes lucidus   Found: Philippines
Image by 1) Stijn_De_Win  2) Leif_Gabrielsen
1, 2) Male


Flameback, Crimson-backed  Chrysocolaptes stricklandi also  Chrysocolaptes lucidus stricklandi  Found: Sri Lanka
Image by: 1) Hafiz Issadeen  2) Dhammika Heenpella - Sri Lanka


Flameback, Greater  Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus  Found: Asia
The Greater Flameback has unmarked golden yellow to dark brown back and wings; white underparts with dark markings; black tail; white to yellowish eyes. The male has a red crest; the female's is various colors depending on the subspecies, but not red. The Luzon Flameback is sometimes considered a subspecies of the Greater Flameback.
Similar to: Black-rumped Flameback. Greater Flameback has white throat; Black-rumped Flameback has black throat.
Similar to: Common Flameback. Common Flameback has bold moustachial stripes; Greater Flameback does not.
Image by: 1) Arindam Mitra - India   2, 3) Vijay Anand Ismavel  JJ Harrison - Thailand  Allan Hopkins - India
1, 2) Female  3, 4, 5) Male



Flameback,_Javan   Chrysocolaptes strictus   Found: Java, Bali and Kangean Islands (Indonesia)
Image by 1, 2) John_Mittermeier - Java, Indonesia
1) Female 2) Male


Flameback,_Luzon   Chrysocolaptes haematribon   Found: Philippines
The Luzon Flameback is sometimes considered a subspecies of the Greater Flameback.
Image by 1) Yann_Muzika  2) Neon_Thomas  3) Christian_Artuso
1) Female   2, 3) Male


Flameback,_Red-headed   Chrysocolaptes erythrocephalus   Found: Philippines
Image by 1) David_Fisher - Palawan


Woodpecker, White-naped   Chrysocolaptes festivus  Found: India, Sri Lanka
The White-naped Woodpecker has a white nape that extends down the back; black eye-line extends down neck continuing down the back creating a V-shaped border of the white; golden remaining upperparts, wings; black tail, rump; white underparts with black chevrons. There is white above the black eye-line. Male has red crown; female has yellow crown.
Image by: 1) Ananda Debnath   2, 3) JM Garg - India



Genus Colpates  Found: The Americas
Colaptes woodpeckers typically have a brown or green back and wings with black barring, and a beige to yellowish underside, with black spotting or barring. There are usually colorful markings on the head. Many of these birds – particularly the northerly species – are more terrestrial than usual among woodpeckers. Genus Picus can be considered to be their Old World counterparts.

Flicker,_Andean  Colaptes rupicola  Found: South America
The Andean Flicker is mainly terrestrial and found at high altitudes.  It has dark brown upperparts with white bars; light gray underparts with speckled breast; dark gray top of head; black malar stripe. The male lacks red on the nape.
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - Peru  3, 4) Nick_Athanas - Argentina
3) Female (Colaptes rupicola puna)  4) Male  (Colaptes rupicola rupicola)


Flicker,_Campo   Colaptes campestris  Found: South America
The Campo Flicker has black upperparts barred white; yellowish golden ear-coverts, neck, and breast; whitish belly thinly barred; black top of head and nape; black or white throat depending on subspecies. Male has reddish tinge to malar.
Image by:  1, 3, 4) Cláudio Timm - Tacuarembó, Uruguay  2) Nick_Athanas - Brazil 5) Dario Sanches - Brazil  6) Wagner Lemes  7) Cristiano Crolle - Esteros del Iberà, Argentina
1) Juvenile  2, 3, 4) Female  5, 6) Male


Flicker,_Chilean  Colaptes pitius  Found; Argentina, Chile
The Chilean Flicker has black upperparts with white barring; off white underparts with black barring; bluish-gray crown.
Similar to: Fernandina's Flicker. The ranges of the Chilean Flicker and Fernandina's Flicker do not overlap.
Image by: 1) Ben Tubby - Chile  2) Haplochromis  3) Dominic_Sherony


Flicker, Fernandina's  Colaptes fernandinae  Found: Cuba
The Chilean Flicker has black upperparts with white barring; off white underparts with black barring; bluish-gray crown.
Similar to: Chilean Flicker. The ranges of the Chilean Flicker and Fernandina's Flicker do not overlap.
Image by: 1) Stylurus  2) Laura Gooch  3) Blake Maybank


Flicker,_Field Colaptes campestroides  Found: South America
The Field Flicker is sometimes considered to be a subspecies of the Campo Flicker, Colaptes campestris.
It has brownish black upperparts barred white; white underparts barred brown; yellow nape and breast; whitish belly thinly barred; black top of head and nape; white throat. Male has red malar stripe, female has black.
Image by: 1) Lip Kee Yap   2) Nathan_Hentze


Flicker, Gilded  Colaptes chrysoides  Found: southwest United States, northern Mexico
The Gilded Flicker most frequently nests in the saguaro cactus.
Similar to: Red-shafted Flicker.  Gilded Flicker has golden underwings versus red underwings for the Red-shafted Flicker. Gilded Flicker has brighter cinnamon crown.
Image by: 1) Evan Bornholtz - Arizona  2, 3) Glenn Seplak - Arizona
1, 2) Male


Flicker, Northern Colaptes auratus   Found: North America and Central America
The Northern Flicker has a brown back with black bars; black patch on upper breast; beige lower breast and belly with black spots.
Yellow-shafted Flicker (eastern): Male has black malar stipe, female has gray crown.
Red-shafted Flicker (western): Male has red malar stipe, female has brown crown.
Similar to: Gilded Flicker.  Gilded Flicker has golden underwings versus red underwings for the Red-shafted Flicker. Gilded Flicker has brighter cinnamon crown.
Image by:   1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - North Carolina  4) Mike & Chris - New Jersey  5, 5, 8)  Elaine R. Wilson and Alan D Wilson in Oregon and British Columbia  7) Minette Layne - Washington 
 1, 2) Yellow-shafted female  3, 4) Yellow-shafted male  5, 6) Red-shafted female  7, 8) Red-shafted male
 

Woodpecker, Black-necked Colaptes atricollis   Found: Peru, Argentina (infrequent)
The Black-necked Woodpecker has a black neck, upper breast, and forehead; white cheeks continuing to nape.
Image by: 1, 2) Charlie Westerinen - the Buenos Aires reserve, Argentina 3) Juan_Luna - Peru


Woodpecker,_Crimson-mantled  Colaptes rivolii  Found: South America
The Crimson-mantled Woodpecker has red mantle, back, rear-crown; black fore-crown (amount of black varies via subspecies); black throat, upper-breast; yellow lower-breast, belly.
Image by: 1, 2) Nick_Athanas - Ecuador  3) Santiago Ron - Ecuador 4) David Cook - Peru 5) Jerry Oldenettel - Ecuador 
1) Female 2) Male


Woodpecker,_Golden-olive  Colaptes rubiginosus  Found: Central and South America
The Golden-olive Woodpecker plain green upperparts; barred underparts (some subspecies yellow with no barring); white cheeks continuing to nape. Male has red malar.
Similar to: Spot-breasted Woodpecker. Spot-breasted Woodpecker has barred back; Golden-olive Woodpecker lacks back barring.
Image by 1) New Jersy Birds  2, 4, 5) Nick_Athanas  3) Kale Ferguson   6) Dominic Sherony
1 - 4) Female 5, 6) Male
3, 4) Subspecies Colaptes rubiginosus chrysogaster lacks barring on underparts


Woodpecker,_Gray-crowned  Colaptes auricularis  Found: Mexico
The Gray-crowned Woodpecker has a gray crown, nape; olive upperparts; light underparts with barring. Male has red malar.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Nigel_Voaden  3, 4) Nick_Athanas
1) Male, left;  Female, right  2, 3, 4) Male


Woodpecker,_Green-barred  Colaptes melanochloros  Found: South America
The Green-barred Woodpecker has dark brown back barred white with some yellowish-green tinge; black crown and forehead; red nape.
Image by: 1) Cláudio Timm - Santa Tereza Park, Uruguay  2, 3) Dario Sanches - Brazil    4) Charlie Westerinen - Buenos Aires, Argentina  5) Cristiano Crolle - Buenos Aires, Argentina  6. 7. 8) Nick_Athanas (Brazil, Brazil, Argentina)
6) Female (C. m. melanochloros)  7) Female (C. m. nattereri) 8) Male (C. m. leucofrenatus - formerly Golden-breasted Woodpecker)


Woodpecker,_Spot-breasted  Colaptes punctigula  Found: Panama, South America
The Spot-breasted Woodpecker has olive barred upperparts; yellowish underparts with spots; black fore-crown; red rear-crown, nape; white face; black throat. Male has red between white of face and black of throat.
Similar to: Golden-olive Woodpecker. Spot-breasted Woodpecker has barred back; Golden-olive Woodpecker lacks back barring.
Image by: 1) birdphotos.com - Venezuela  2, 3) Barloventomagico - Venezuela  4) Nick_Athanas - Venezuela
1) Male, left; female, right  2) Female  3, 4) Male



Genus Dendrocopos  Found: mainly Asia, also Europe
These are small woodpeckers, sometimes call Pygmy Woodpeckers.

Woodpecker,_Arabian   Dendrocopos dorae   Found: Southwest Saudi Arabian Peninsula
The Arabian Woodpecker has olive-gray to brown upperparts streaked with white; brownish or pale gray head; bright red patch on rear crown (male only); gray underparts streaked with white; hint of red on belly.
Image by 1) Ateah_Alfakih


Woodpecker, Brown-capped  Dendrocopos nanus  Found: India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
The Brown-capped Woodpecker has white-barred brown upperparts; brown cap, eye-line; white underparts with faint brown streaks; white supercilium.
Image by: 1) Lip Kee - Singapore  2) Shyamai - India  3) Antony Grossy - India
Male (D. m. moluccensis)  2) D. m. nanus


Woodpecker, Brown-fronted  Dendrocopos auriceps  Found: Indian Subcontinent
The Brown-fronted Woodpecker has black upperparts with white barring; black-streaked white underparts; black nape.. Male has brown fore-crown; yellow center-crown; red rear-crown. Female has yellow crown. It is found in Afghanistan, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Bhutan.
Image by: 1, 2) Nabarunsadhya  3) Patty McGann 4) Dr. Caesar Photography


Woodpecker, Crimson-breasted  Dendrocopos cathpharius  Found: Asia
The Crimson-breasted Woodpecker is found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Image by: 1) Ron Knight   2) Jerry Oldenettel - Thailand


Woodpecker, Darjeeling  Dendrocopos darjellensis  Found: Indian Subcontent
The Darjeeling Woodpecker has black upperparts with white patches on sides; white or yellow face; yellow neck sides; black mouchtacial stripes extending to neck upper-breast; white-barred black tail; yellow-buff underparts with black streaks. Male has red nape patch.
Image by: 1) Francesco Verronesi - Bhutan  2) Brendan Ryan - Myanmar


Woodpecker, Fulvous-breasted  Dendrocopos macei  Found: Indian subcontinent, Myanmar
The Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker has white-barred black upperparts; whitish face, neck; buff breast; pinkish belly; red (mlae) or black (female) cap.
Image by: 1, 4) JM Garg - India 2) Prakash Chakraborty  3) Arindam Mitra
1, 2) Female  3, 4) Male


Woodpecker, Gray-capped (Pygmy)  Dendrocopos canicapillus  Found: Asia
The Gray-capped Woodpecker has black upperparts with white spots; buff underparts with dark barring; dark gray head;  white face with dark eye-line. Male has red nape.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) H1yashi Haka


Woodpecker, Great Spotted  Dendrocopos major  Found: Europe, Asia
The Great Spotted Woodpecker has black upperparts and crown; large white shoulder patch; white forehead, cheeks, breast, and upper belly; reddish lower belly and undertail coverts; black bill; greenish gray legs. There is a black X shaped pattern on the side of the head that extends toward the chest. Males have red spot on the nape.
Similar to: Syrian Woodpecker. Great Spotted Woodpecker has bold black pattern in side of head; Syrian Woodpecker has much less face markings.
Similar to: White-winged Woodpecker. White-winged Woodpecker more extensive white wing patch.
Image by:   1) Slawomir Staszczuk   2) Andre Chatroux  3) Frank Vassen - Poland  4) Wojsyl  5) Cristiano Crolle - Arese, Italy


Woodpecker, Himilayan  Dendrocopos himalayensis  Found: Afghanistan, India, Nepal, and Pakistan.
The Himilayan Woodpecker has black upperparts with large white patch from each shoulder towards mid-body; red (male) or black (female) crown; black moustacial stripe; black nape; off-white face, underparts.
Image:   1, 3) JM Garg - India  2) Allan Hopkins
1) Female  2, 3) Male


Woodpecker, Lesser Spotted
  Dendrocopos minor  Found: Europe, Asia
The Lesser Spotted Woodpecker had black nape and upper back; black and white barred lower back (spacing between bars increasing down the back); white underparts with streaked flanks. The male has crimson crown; brown forehead.  Female has white crown.
Image by: 1) Zaltys - Finland  2) Andrze Luczak   3) Thermos - Finland  4) Thermos - Finland


Woodpecker, Middle-spotted  Dendrocopos medius  Found: Europe, Asia
The Middle-spotted Woodpecker has black upperparts; large white shoulder patch; white cheeks and underparts; red crown; diagonal black line from nape to top of breast.
Image by: 1) Frank Vassen - Poland  2) Marek Szczepanek  3) Sergey Yeliseev - Russia


Woodpecker,_Phlippine_Pygmy   Dendrocopos maculatus   Found: Philippines
Image by 1) Simon_Meulen - Luzon  2) Rey_Ana - Luzon  3) Gerry_Brett
1, 2) Female 3) Male


Woodpecker, Pygmy  also Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker  Dendrocopos kizuki  Found: Asia
The smallest of the Dendrocopos woodpeckers is found in Russia, China, North Korea, South Korea and Japan.
Image by: 1) Alastair Rae  2) coniferconifer   3) Francesco Veronesi - Japan


Woodpecker, Rufous-bellied  Dendrocopos hyperythrus  Found: Asia
The Rufous-bellied Woodpecker has rufous underparts; rufous head with white face; white-barred black upperparts.
Image by: 1) Ron Knight   2) Dr Caesar Photography  3) Francesco Veronesi - Bhutan


Woodpecker,_Sind   Dendrocopos assimilis   Found: India, Iran, and Pakistan
Image by 1) Thomas_Douglas  2) Bjorn_Johansson - Iran3) Ghulam_Rasool - Pakistan


Woodpecker, Stripe-breasted  Dendrocopos atratus  Found: Asia
The Stripe-breasted Woodpecker is found in Bhutan, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Image by: 1, 2) Jerry Oldenettel - Thailand  3) Naturelly


Woodpecker,_Sulu   Dendrocopos ramsayi   Found: Philippines
Image by 1) Joseph_Smit
1) Female left; male right


Woodpecker, Sulawesi (Pygmy)  Dendrocopos temminckii  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) AS_Kono


Woodpecker,_Sunda   Dendrocopos moluccensis   Found: Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore
The Sunda Woodpecker has grayish-brown upperparts with white spots; grayish-brown crown; white face broad and long brown eye-line; whitish underparts with light brown streaking.
Image by 1) Seshadri - Singapore  2) Ron_Knight - Bali, Indonesia  3) Lip_kee - Singapore


Woodpecker, Syrian  Dendrocopos syriacus  Found: Europe, southwest Asia
The Syrian Woodpecker has black upperparts and crown; large white shoulder patch; white forehead, cheeks, breast, and upper belly; reddish lower belly and undertail coverts; black bill; greenish gray legs. There is a diagonal black line from base of bill to nape. Male has crimson spot on nape, black crown. Female has crimson crown, does not have crimson spot on nape.
Similar to: Great Spotted Woodpecker. Great Spotted Woodpecker has bold black pattern in side of head; Syrian Woodpecker has much less face markings.
Image by: 1, 5) Charlie Westerinen - Bulgaria  2) Vitaliy Khustochka - Ukraine 3) Ofer Faigon - Jerusalem, Israel 4) Francesco Veronesi - Hungary
1, 2) Female  3, 4, 5) Male


Woodpecker, White-backed  Dendrocopos leucotos  Found: Europe, Asia
The White-backed Woodpecker's black back has much white on it. There is a black cresent on the side of face which has a line extending towards the shoulder. Male has red crown; female has black crown.
Image by: 1) Alastair Rae - Estonia  2, 3) Sergey Yelisee - Moscow
1) Female 2, 3) Male


Woodpecker, White-winged  Dendrocopos leucopterus  Found: Asia
The White-winged Woodpecker has white wings, face, underparts; rest is black.
Image by: 1) Alastair Rae   2) Sergey Yeliseev


Woodpecker, Yellow-crowned  Dendrocopos mahrattensis  Found: Indian Subcontinent
The Yellow-crowned Woodpecker has black upperparts with white barring and spots; off-white face; red belly patch. Male has scarlet nape and yellow fore-crown; female has yellowish nape, crown.
Image by: 1) T Monk  2, 3) JM Garg - Inda 



Genus Dendropicos  Found: Africa

Woodpecker, Abyssinian  Dendropicos abyssinicus  Found: Eritrea, Ethiopia
Image by: 1) Allan Drewitt


Woodpecker,_African_Gray   Dendropicos goertae   Found: Africa
The African Gray Woodpecker has unmarked green upperparts; gray head, underparts; red rump, small belly patch; blackish tail. Male has red crown; female doesn't.
Image by: 1, 2) Thom_Hasi - Senegal  3) Allan_Hopkins
1, 2, 3) Male


Woodpecker, Bearded  Dendropicos namaquus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Jerry Oldenettle   2) Carol Foil - Rift Valley, Kenya  3) Paul Seligman  4) Henry Flower - Swaziland


Woodpecker, Brown-backed  Dendropicos obsoletus  Found: Africa
The Brown-backed Woodpecker has brown head, back; white-spotted brown wings; white supercilium; lightly-striped buff underparts.
Image by: 1) Carol Foil - Kenya  2) Muchaxo - Gambia


Woodpecker, Cardinal  Dendropicos fuscescens  Found: Africa
The Cardinal Woodpecker has white spotted olive back; white underparts streaked with black; white face and throat; black malar stripe; brown fore-crown; tawny rump. The male has a red hind crown and nape, the female has a dark hind-crown and black nape.
Image by: 1) Derek Keats  2) Alan Manson - Zambia  3) Hans Hillewaert - near Lusalso, Zambia     4) Charlie Westerinen  5) Ian White - South Africa
1) Female 2, 3, 4, 5) Male



Woodpecker,_Eastern_Gray  also Gray-headed Woodpecker   Dendropicos spodocephalus   Found: eastern Africa
Image by 1) Lip_Kee - Ethiopia  2, 3) Sergey_Yeliseev - Ethipia
1) Female 2, 3) Male


Woodpecker,_Elliot's   Dendropicos elliotii   Found: Africa
Image by 1) Peter_Dedicoat - Uganda  2) Nik_Borrow - Cameroon
1, 2) Male


Woodpecker,_Fire-bellied   Dendropicos pyrrhogaster   Found: Africa
Image by 1, 2) Nik_Borrow - Ghana  2) Przemyslaw_Kunysz - Ghana
1, 2) Female 3) Male


Woodpecker, Gabon  Dendropicos gabonensis  Found; Africa
Image by: 1) Vic Peters  2) John Gerrard Keulemans


Woodpecker,_Golden-crowned  also Yellow-crested Woodpecker   Dendropicos xantholophus   Found: Africa
Image by 1) Francesco_Veronesi - Kenya  2) Nik_Borrow - Gabon


Woodpecker, Gray  Dendropicos goertae also  Mesopicos goertae  Found: Africa
The Gray Woodpecker has gray head, underparts; green upperparts; red rump. Male has red crown.
Image by:   1, 3) JV Verde - Gambia  2) Tatiana Bulyonkova - Russia  4) Thorn Haslam - Senegal
1, 2) Female  3,4) Male


Woodpecker,_Little_Gray   Dendropicos elachus   Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Roke 2, 3) Nik_Borrow - Senegal 4) Paul_Noakes - Cameroon
2, 3) Female 4) Male


Woodpecker, Melancholy  Dendropicos lugubris  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Francesco Veronesi - Ghana
1) Melancoly Woodpecker on left, Gabon Woodpecker on right


Woodpecker, Olive  Dendropicos griseocephalus  also  Mesopicos griseocephalus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Aviceda - Uganda  2) Nigel_Voaden - DR Congo


Woodpecker,_Speckle-breasted   Dendropicos poecilolaemus   Found: Africa
Image by 1) Anton_Reichenow  2) Nigel_Voaden- Cameroon


Woodpecker,_Stierling's   Dendropicos stierlingi   Found: Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania
Image by 1) Anton_Reichenow  2, 3) Nik_Borrow - Malawi
2) Male 3) Female



Genus Dinopium  Found: Asia
These are large Asian flamebacks. For similar Asian woodpeckers see also Chrysocolaptes.

Flameback, Black-rumped  also  Lesser Golden-backed Woodpecker  Dinopium benghalense  Found: South Asia
The Black-rumped Flameback's golden yellow wing coverts are distinctive. It has a black rump; white underparts with dark chevron markings; black throat and nape; black eye-line; gray eye patch.
Similar to: Greater Flameback. Greater Flameback has white throat; Black-rumped Flameback has black throat.
Image by: 1) Challiyil Vipi - India  2) Muzaffar Bukhari - Pakistan  3, 4) J M Garg - India


Flameback, Common  Dinopium macei  Found: Asia
The Common Flameback has a golden back; black eyes-line joined to black rear neck stripe; long black moustachial stripes; black-scaled white underparts; red rump contrasting, black tail. Male has red crown, female black crown.
Similar to: Greater Flameback. Common Flameback has bold moustachial stripes; Greater Flameback does not.
Image by:  1) Bhardwaj Shanthanu - Keerampara, Kerala, India  2) Johnny Wee


Flameback, Himalayan  Dinopium shorii  Found: Indian Subcontinent
The Himalayan Flameback is found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, and Nepal.
Image by: 1) Eudromias - northern Inda  2) Kannan
2) Male


Flameback,_Spot-throated   Dinopium everetti   Found: Philippines
Image by 1) Kieron_Tan  2) abcdefgewing - Palawan `


Woodpecker,_Olive-backed  Dinopium rafflesii  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Robert_Lewis  2) Hectonichus - stuffed specimen  3) wokoti



Genus Dryocopus
  Found: Asia, Europe, North America, South America
These are large powerful woodpecks, usually with a black back and red on the head. In their quest for insects, as well as for rearing their young, they chip out large hoes in trees. For similarly appearing woodpeckers, see Campephilus, Chrysocolaptes

Woodpecker, Andaman  Dryocopus hodgei  Found: Andaman Islands of India
Image by: 1) Suhas_anand


Woodpecker, Black  Dryocopus martius  Found: Europe, Asia
The Black Woodpecker is a crow-sized woodpecker. It is entirely black apart from a red crown. In males, the entire crown is red, but in females only the top hind-crown is red.
Similar to: White-bellied Woodpecker. The Black Wooedpecker is all black except for red crown; White-bellied Woodpecker has some white on it.
Image by: 1) Alastair Rae - Finland  2) Cesare_Dolzani - Italy


Woodpecker,_Black-bodied   Dryocopus schulzi   Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay
The Black-bodied Woodpecker has mainly black plumage; broad white neck stripe; red crest.
Image by 1) Ian_Davies - Argentina  2) picaflor2010


Woodpecker,_Helmeted  Dryocopus galeatus   Found: Argentina. Rare in Brazil, Paraguay
The Helmeted Woodpecker has mainly brown-black upperparts; cream lower back; cream underparts with black barring; cinnamon colored head brightening to red on crown, crest.
Image by 1) Carlos_de_Almeida  2) Ron Knight


Woodpecker,_Lineated  Dryocopus lineatus  Found: Mexico to South America
The Lineated Woodpecker has black upperparts; white lines from base of bill continuning down the neck and then vertically down the back (birds from southeastern part of range sometimes lack the lines on the back); white underparts barred with black, red crest. Bill usually black but may be pale. Males have red line from bill to throat and red forehead. In adult females, these features are black.
Similar to: Crimson-crested Woodpecker. Crimson-crested Woodpecker has white lines on the back that form a V; Lineated Woodpecker has parallel white lines on the back.
Similar to: Pale-billed Woodpecker. Pale-billed Woodpecker is larger than Lineated Woodpecker. Lineated Woodpecker has  white line from base of bill to neck.
Similar to: Pileated Woodpecker. Their ranges do not overlap.
Image by:  1, 3, 4) Nick_Athanas - Ecuador, Columbia, Ecuador   2, 5, 6) Dario Sanches - Brazil 
1, 2) Female  3 - 6) Male  1, 3) Dryocopus lineatus lineatus 4) Dryocopus lineatus fuscipennis


Woodpecker, Pileated Dryocopus pileatus Found: North America
The Pileated Woodpecker has black upperparts and lowerparts; white throat and neck; black line on nape; black eye-line. The male has red stripe above the chin; female has black stripe.
Similar to: Lineated Woodpecker. Their ranges do not overlap.
Image by:   1, 2, 3, 7) Dick Daniels - Ash, North Carolina  4) Dick - Sandwich, New Hampshire    5, 6) Alan D Wilson - Black Creek, British Columbia
1, 2, 3) Female  4, 5, 6) Male



Woodpecker, White-bellied  Dryocopus javensis  Found: Asia
The White-bellied Woodpecker has many subspecies of varying appearance. All have mainly black plumage; red crown; white on some of the underparts. Some have white on face or throat.
Similar to: Black Woodpecker. The Black Wooedpecker is all black except for red crown; White-bellied Woodpecker has some white on it.
Image by: 1) Rahul Alvares   2) Nara Simhan   3) Jayanth Sharma  4) Sergey Yeliseev - Vietnam



Genus Gecinulus  Found: southeast Asia

Woodpecker,_Bamboo   Gecinulus viridis   Found: Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Image by 1) Ban_Hor_Ng  2) Apisit_Wilaijit


Woodpecker,_Pale-headed   Gecinulus grantia   Found: China, Indian subcontinent, southest Asia
Image by 1) Amarjyoti Saikia - India  2) Rishikesh_Gogoi



Genus Geocolaptes - 1 species

Woodpecker, Ground   Geocolaptes olivaceus Found: southern Africa
Image by: 1) Ian White - South Africa  2) Alan Manson- South Afica  3) Paul Barnard - South Africa



Genus Hemicircus

Woodpecker, Gray-and-buff  Hemicircus concretus  Found: southeast Asia
The Gray-and-buff Woodpecker  is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, and Thailand.
Image by: 1) Lip Kee - Malaysia  2) Thorpe - Borneo
1) Female 2) Male


Woodpecker, Heart-spotted  Hemicircus canente  Found: Asia
The Heart-spotted Woodpecker  has black and white plumage. Male has black forehead, crown; they are buffy in female.
Image by: 1) Ross Tsai  2) Lip Kee - India  3) Blaise_Droz



Genus Jynx  Found: Africa, Asia, Europe
The Wrynecks lack stiff tail feathers as they more likely to perch on a branch than cling to a tree trunk. Their favorite food is ants which they find in decaying wood or on the ground. They get their name from their ability to rotate their head 180 degrees.

Wryneck, Eurasian   Jynx torquilla  Found: Europe, Asia, Africa
Image by: 1, 2) Ron Knight   3) Arnstein Rønning  4) Martien Brand - Netherlands  5) Sergey_Pisarevskiy - Russia


Wryneck, Rufous-necked  also  Red-throated Wryneck  Jynx ruficollis  Found: Africa
Image by:  1, 2) Joseph Mochoge - Gilgil, Kenya  3, 4) Carol Foil - Rift Valley, Kenya
1) Pair



Genus Meiglyptes  Found: southeast Asia

Woodpecker, Black-and-buff  Meiglyptes jugularis  Found: southeast Asia
The Black-and-buff Woodpecker is found in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Image by: 1) Jerry Oldenettel - Thailand  2) audieavianphotos2011 - Thailand


Woodpecker, Buff-necked  Meiglyptes tukki  Found: southeast Asia
Image by: 1) Marcel Holyoak - Malaysia  2) Paul Wu


Woodpecker, Buff-rumped  Meiglyptes tristis  Found: southeast Asia
The Buff-rumped Woodpecker is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, and Thailand
Image by: 1)  Junis SP Photography  2, 3) Hiyashi Haka - Malaysia



Genus Melanerpes Found: New World
Their name means "black creeper". These woodpeckers all have some black on their upperparts and all have black bills.

Woodpecker, Acorn Melanerpes formicivorus Found: southwest North America (southwest) to South America (Columbia)
The Acorn Woodpecker has black back, wings, and tail; black patch around the bill; black eye patch; white cheeks, throat, and forehead; red crown. The female has black between the red crown and white forehead; the male does not.
Similar to: White-headed Woodpecker. Acorn Woodpecker has black around base of bill; White-headed Woodpecker has a white face and throat.
Image by: 1)  Steve Ryan  2) Alan D. Wilson - Madera Canyon, Near Green Valley, Arizona   3)   Katy & Sam - Arizona  4) Kevin Cole  5) New Jersy Birds   6) Dick Daniels - California
1, 2, 3, 4) Female 5, 6) Male



Woodpecker,_Beautiful  Melanerpes pulcher  Found: Columbia
The Beautiful Woodpecker has a yellow nape; black back with white center streak; black mask continuing along neck; barred flanks. Male has red crown. Female has yellow crown with black forehead.
Similar to: Golden-naped Woodpecker. Ranges of Beautiful Woodpecker and Golden-naped Woodpecker do not overlap.
Image by: 1) Peter Smit  2) Dave_Curtis  3) Alejandro_Bayer_Tamayo


Woodpecker, Black-cheeked Melanerpes pucherani  Found: Mexico, Central America, northern South America
The Black-cheeked Woodpecker has black upperparts with white barring; white spots on the wings and a white rump; black tail with some white barring; pale buff-olive underparts; red central belly; black patch around the eyes and on the cheeks; yellow forehead; red nape.
Similar to: Golden-naped Woodpecker. Black-cheeked Woodpecker has red nape; Golden-naped Woodpecker has yellow nape.
Image by:  1, 3) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica  2) David Cook - Ecuador  4) Kat and Sam - Costa Rica


Woodpecker, Gila  Melanerpes uropygialis  Found: desert regions of southwest United States, Mexico
The Gila Woodpecker has black upperparts with white barring; grayish-tan neck, throat, belly and head. Male has small red cap head; female does not.
Similar to: Golden-fronted Woodpecker, Red-bellied Woodpecker. The range of Gila does not overlap with the other two. Golden-fronted has orange-yellow nape, Red-bellied has red nape. In all 3 species the male has a red crown, the female does not.
Woodpeckers with similar backs: Golden-cheeked, Golden-fronted, Hoffman's, Ladder-backed, Nuttall's, Red-bellied, Red-cockaded, Red-crowned.
Image by: 1) Mike and Chris  2) Charlie Westerinen - Tuscon, Arizona  3) Dick Daniels - Tuscon, Arizona  4) Dick Daniels - the North Carolina Zoo    5) Alan D. Wilson - Oregon  6) Chris Queen  5)
1, 2, 3) Female   4, 5, 6) Male


Woodpecker,_Golden-cheeked  Melanerpes chrysogenys  Endemic to Mexico 
The Golden-cheeked Woodpecker has black and white barred back and tail; pale gray underparts with yellow-tinged belly; small black eye patch; faint yellowish wash on cheeks; yellow forehead and nape. Male has red crown patch,; female has pale gray crown patch.
The "black eye" of the Golden-cheeked Woodpecker is unique. Woodpeckers with similar backs: Gila, Golden-fronted, Hoffman's, Ladder-backed, Nuttall's, Red-bellied, Red-cockaded, Red-crowned.
Image by: 1) Bryant_Olsen 2) Len Blumin - San Blas, Nayarit, Mexico 3) Dominic_Sherony 


Woodpecker, Golden-fronted Melanerpes aurifrons   Found: United States (Oklahoma, Texas), Mexico, Central America
The Golden-fronted Woodpecker has black and white barred back; white rump; yellowish orange nape; golden forehead. Male has red crown; female does not.
Similar to: Gila Woodpecker, Red-bellied Woodpecker. The range of Gila does not overlap with the other two. Golden-fronted has orange-yellow nape, Red-bellied has red nape.
Woodpeckers with similar backs: Gila, Golden-cheeked, Hoffman's, Ladder-backed, Nuttall's Woodpecker, Red-bellied, Red-cockaded, Red-crowned.
Image: 1) Brian Ralphs - Texas  2) Jerry Oldenettel  3) Alan D. Wilson 
1) Female 2, 3) Male


Woodpecker, Golden-naped  Melanerpes chrysauchen  Found: Costa Rica, Panama
The Golden-naped Woodpecker has a yellow nape; black back with white center streak; black mask continuing along neck; gray underparts with barred belly. Male has red crown with yellow forehead. Female has yellow crown with black arc.
Similar to: Beautiful Woodpecker. Ranges of Beautiful Woodpecker and Golden-naped Woodpecker do not overlap.
Similar to: Black-cheeked Woodpecker. Black-cheeked Woodpecker has red nape; Golden-naped Woodpecker has yellow nape.
Image by: 1) Charles Sharp - Costa Rica  2) Doug Greenberg - Costa Rica


Woodpecker, Gray-breasted  Melanerpes hypopolius  Found: Mexico
Image by: 1) Dominic Sherony  2) Amy McAndrews


Woodpecker, Guadeloupe  Melanerpes herminieri  Found: Guadeloupe in the Caribbean
Image by: Marc Anthanase


Woodpecker, HIspaniolan  Melanerpes striatus  Hispaniola in the Caribbean
The Hispaniolan Woodpecker has black upperparts with yellow-green bars; black tail; red nape; red (male) or black (female) crown; olive underparts.
Image by: 1, 2) Mark Peck  3) Wolfgang Wander - Dominican Republic
1) Female  2) Male


Woodpecker, Hoffman's  Melanerpes hoffmannii  Found: Central America
The Hoffman's Woodpecker has black and white barred upperparts; white rump; pale buff-gray underparts with a yellow central belly patch; white forehead; yellow nape. The male has red crown; female white crown.
Woodpeckers with similar backs: Gila, Golden-cheeked, Golden-fronted, Ladder-backed, Nuttall's, Red-bellied, Red-cockaded, Red-crowned.
Image by:  1) Len Blumin - Manzanillo, Puntarenas, Costa Rica  2) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica  3) Nick_Athanas - Costa Rica


Woodpecker, Jamaican  Melanerpes radiolatus  Found: Jamaica
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - Rockland Feeding Station, Jamaica  2) Ron Knight


Woodpecker, Lewis's  Melanerpes lewis  Found: west North America
Lewis's Woodpecker can be identified by its dark head and red face. Its flight is slow and even, more like a crow than a typical woodpecker flight.
Image by: 1) Len Blumin     2) Alan D Wilson - Near Fort Rock, Oregon  3) Alan D. Wilson - Near Fort Rock, Oregon   4) Charlie Westerinen - the Klamath River in Northern CA


Woodpecker, Puerto Rican   Melanerpes portoricensis    Endemic to Puerto Rico
The Puerto Rican Woodpecker has black upperparts; red throat and breast; tangerine flanks and belly. The male's throat  and breast are brighter than the female's.
Image by:  1) Marcel Holyoak - Puerto Rico 2) Drriss_n_Marrionn  3, 4) Dick Daniels - Puerto Rico


Woodpecker, Red-bellied  Melanerpes carolinus   Found: east North America
The Red-bellied Woodpecker has black and white barred upperparts; light gray on the face and underparts; red nape and red forehead. The belly may have a red tinge. The male also has a red crown.
Similar to: Gila Woodpecker, Golden-fronted Woodpecker. The range of Gila does not overlap with the other two. Golden-fronted has orange-yellow nape, Red-bellied has red nape. In all 3 species the male has a red crown, the female does not.
Woodpeckers with similar backs: Gila, Golden-cheeked, Golden-fronted, Hoffman's, Ladder-backed, Nuttall's, Red-cockaded, Red-crowned.
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8) Dick Daniels - North Carolina 
1, 2, 3) Female   4 - 8) Male   3) Note the RED on the belly.


Woodpecker, Red-crowned  Melanerpes rubricapillus  Found: Cental and South America 
The Red-crowned Woodpecker has black and white barred upperparts; white rump; pale buff underparts; red nape. Male has a red crown; female has buff crown.
Woodpeckers with similar backs: Gila, Golden-cheeked, Golden-fronted, Hoffman's, Ladder-backed, Nuttall's, Red-bellied, Red-cockaded.
Image by:  1) Thomas Junier  2) Shawnna Porter   3) Dick Daniels - Panama City, Panama
1) Female  2) Male


Woodpecker, Red-headed Melanerpes erythrocephalus   Found: east North America to South America (Columbia)
The Red-headed Woodpecker has black upper back, tail; red head, neck; white lower back, belly.
Image by: 1) Laura Gooch - Ohio  2, 3, 4) Dick Daniels - North Carolina 
1) Juvenile


Woodpecker, West Indian  Melanerpes superciliaris  Found: Caribbean
The West Indian Woodpecker has black and white barred upperparts; pale buff breast; reddish belly; red nape. Male has red crown.
Image by: 1) Dominic Sherony  2, 3) Blake Maybank - Cuba


Woodpecker, White  Melanerpes candidus  Found: South America
The White Woodpecker has white head, underparts with black undertail coverts; black back; yellow eye patch; black line behind eye extending to back.
Image by:  1, 2) Dario Sanches - Brazil  3, 4) Cláudio Timm - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
4) Female


Woodpecker, White-fronted  Melanerpes cactorum  Found: South America
The White-fronted Woodpecker has a white forehead; throat; black hind-crown; black back with off-white stripe in middle;  black lower back and tail with white spots; off-white underparts.
Image by: 1, 2) Lip Kee - Argentina  3) Nick_Athanas -Brazil
3) Female


Woodpecker, Yellow-fronted  Melanerpes flavifrons  Found: South America
The Yellow-fronted Woodpecker has yellow forehead; malar region,and throat; red crown and nape; black back and tail; black eye mask extending to back; greenish gray breast.
Image by: 1, 2) Nick_Athanas - Argeniana, Brazil 3) Dario Sanches - Brazil 4) Thunderdc
1) Female 2, 3, 4) Male


Woodpecker, Yellow-tufted  Melanerpes cruentatus  Found: South America
The Yellow-tufted Woodpecker has black upperparts, cap; bold yellow eye-ring and arc.
Image by: 1, 2) Francesco Veronesi - Ecuador  3, 4) Nick_Athanas - Columbia
3) Female  4) Male


Woodpecker, Yucatan  Melanerpes pygmaeus  Found: Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Hondoras 
Image by: 1) Amy McAndrews  2) Drriss_n_Marrionn



Genus Micropternus - 1 species

Woodpecker, Rufous    Micropternus brachyurus also Celeus brachyurus   Found: Indian Subcontinent
The Rufous Woodpecker has rufous plumage; fine black barring on upperparts; dark eye-stripe; small and slightly curved bill. Males has small red patches a the eyes.
Image by: 1) Wira Ungu - Malaysia  2) Kia BoHe  3) Yunus_Mony



Genus Mulleripicus  Found: southeast Asia

Woodpecker, Ashy  Mulleripicus fulvus  Found; Indonesia
Image by: Collaertsbrothers


Woodpecker, Great Slaty  Mulleripicus pulverulentus  Found: southern Asia
The Great Slaty Woodpecker has gray plumage; pale yellow throat. It may be the largest woodpecker in the world.
Image by: 1) Naturelly  2) Brendan Ryan - Thailand


Woodpecker,_Sooty Mulleripicus funebris   Found: Philippines
The Sooty Woodpecker is also spit into two species: Northern Sooty Woodpecker (Mulleripicus funebris) and Southern Sooty Woodpecker (Mulleripicus fuliginosus), Northern found in: Luzon, Marinduque, Catanduanes and the Polillo Island. Southern found in: Mindanao, Leyte, Biliran and Samar.
Image by: 1) Lip Kee



Genus Picoides  Found: mainly North America
Birds in this genus are mainly black and white.

Woodpecker, American Three-toed  Picoides dorsalis  Found: Northern United States, Canada
The American Three-toed Woodpecker has 3 toes versus the normal 4 for most woodpeckers. It has black back, wings, and rump; black and white barred flanks with emphasis on the white; white throat and belly; white eye-ring continuing as white line to the back. The male has a yellow cap.
Similar to: Black-backed Woodpecker. Both are three-toed. The Three-toed Woodpecker has some white on its back, the Black-backed Woodpecker does not.
Similar to: Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker. The American Three-toed Woodpecker and Eurasian Three-towed Woodpecker were once consider one species. Their ranges do not over lap.
Image by: 1) Leyo - Colorada  2, 4) Pbonefant   3) Jerry Oldenettel - New Mexico   5, 6) Charlie Westerinen - Utah  7) Dick Daniels - Palmer, Alaska  7)   Bruce Cyg - Colorado
1) Pair 2, 3) Female 4 - 7) Male  



Woodpecker, Arizona  Picoides arizonae  Found: United States (Arizona), Mexico
The Arizona Woodpecker has a brown back; white underparts with black spots; mainly white nape; dark eye patch with white area above; red crown, nape. Female is duller than male.
Similar to: Strickland's Woodpecker. They used to be consider one species.
Image by: 1, 2) Alan D. Wilson  3)  New Jersy Birds 
1) Female 2, 3) Male


Woodpecker, Black-backed   Picoides arcticus  Found: Northern United States, Canada
The Black-backed Woodpecker has 3 toes versus the normal 4 for most woodpeckers. It has black upperparts; black face with white stripe; white underparts; black and white barred flanks with emphasis on the white. The male has a yellow cap.
Similar to: Three-toed Woodpecker. Both are three-toed. The Three-toed Woodpecker has some white on its back, the Black-backed Woodpecker does not.
Image by: 1) Don Brubacher - New Brunswick  2)   USFWS - Vermont  3) Steve Urszenyi - Ontario    4) S Fitzgerald - Michigan 
1) Female  2, 3, 4) Male


Woodpecker, Downy Picoides pubescens   Found: Canada, United States
The Downy Woodpecker has mainly black upperparts with white in the center of the back; white underparts; white spotting on the wings; white streak above and below the eye; black eye-line. The male has red spot on back of the head.
Similar to Hairy Woodpecker. Downy Woodpecker has shorter bill than Hairy Woodpecker. Hairy Woodpeckers are considerably larger than Downy Woodpeckers.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - North Carolina    4) Dick - Maryland     2, 3) Alan D Wilson - Black Creek, Northern Vancouver Island, British Columbia
 1, 2) Female   3, 4) Male (red on back of head)


Woodpecker, Eurasian Three-toed  Picoides tridactylus   Found: Europe, Asia
The Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker has 3 toes versus the normal 4 for most woodpeckers. It has black on the head, wings, rump; white underparts; black and white barred flanks with emphasis on the white; white in the center of the back. The male has a yellow cap.
Similar to: American Three-toed Woodpecker. The American Three-toed Woodpecker and Eurasian Three-towed Woodpecker were once consider one species. Their ranges do not over lap.
Image by:  1) Tatiana Bulyonkova - Iskitimsky, Novosibirskaya Oblast, Russia  2, 3) SergeyYeliseev - Moscow, Russian
1) Female  2, 3) Male


Woodpecker, Hairy Picoides villosus   Found: North America and Central America
The Hairy Woodpecker has mainly black upperparts with white in the center of the back; white underparts; white spotting on the wings; white streak above and below the eye; black eye-line. The male has red spot on back of the head.
Similar to Downy Woodpecker. Downy Woodpecker has shorter bill than Hairy Woodpecker. Hairy Woodpeckers are considerably larger than Downy Woodpeckers.
Image by: 1) Alan D. Wilson near Fort Rock, Oregon  2, 3) Dick Daniels - Palmer, Alsalso  4) Ted Grussing - Arizona
1) Female  2, 3, 4) Male (red on back of head)


Woodpecker, Ladder-backed  Picoides scalaris  Found: dry bushy areas of southwest United states to Nicaragua
The Ladder-backed Woodpecker has a black and white barred back. The spacing of the bars is wide, resembling a ladder. It has cream colored underparts with spotted flanks. Males have red cap.
Similar to: Nuttall's Woodpecker. Nutthall's Woodpecker has more black on the cheek.
Woodpeckers with similar backs: Gila, Golden-cheeked, Golden-fronted, Hoffman's, Nuttall's, Red-bellied, Red-cockaded, Red-crowned.
Image by: 1) Searchnet Media - Arizona  2, 4) Jeff Whitlock - Texas  3) Mrccos - Texas  5)  Alan D Wilson - the Desert Botanical Gardens, Phoenix  6) Gerardo Santos - Texas  
1) Baby  2, 3) Female  4, 5, 6) Male



Woodpecker, Nuttall's Picoides nuttallii Found: chaparral and oak woodlands of west North America
The Nuttall's Woodpecker has black and white barred upperparts with an unbarred region at top of back; black forehead with white stripes on the sides; white throat and upper breast with the rest of the underparts having faint spots and bars. The male red area at back of the head.
Similar to: Ladder-backed Woodpecker. Nutthall's Woodpecker has more black on the cheek.
Woodpeckers with similar backs: Gila, Golden-cheeked, Golden-fronted, Hoffman's, Ladder-backed, Red-bellied, Red-cockaded, Red-crowned.
Image by:    1, 2, 5) Mike Baird - California  3) Charlie Westerinen - Sonoma, California  4) Len Blumin - Gallinas, San Rafael    6) New Jersy Birds  7) Steve Corey - California  8) Nick Chill - California
1, 2, 3, 4) Male  5, 6, 7, 8) Female


Woodpecker, Red-cockaded   Picoides borealis    Found: southeast United States (pine forests)
The Red-cockaded Woodpecker's most distinguishing feature is a black cap and nape that encircle large white cheek patches.
Woodpeckers with similar backs: Gila, Golden-cheeked, Golden-fronted, Hoffman's, Ladder-backed, Nuttall's, Red-bellied, Red-crowned.
Image by:  1) Matthew K Hacker   2) Julio Mulero - Florida  3) Jerry Oldenettel - Mississippi   4) Francesco Veronesi - Texas


Woodpecker, Smoky-brown  Picoides fumigatus  Found: Central America, South America
The Smoky-brown Woodpecker has brown plumage.
Image by: 1) Orbigny  2) Michael Woodruff - Ecuador  3) Nick_Athanas - Ecuador
1, 3) Female


Woodpecker, Strickland's   Picoides stricklandi  Found: Mexico
The Strickland's Woodpecker has brown on top with a dark rump; white underparts speckled with many brown spots; usually three white bars; two white stripes across their face which join with another white bar on their neck. Male has red patch on nape.
Similar to: Arizona Woodpecker. They used to be consider one species.
Image by: 1) Jorge Montejo - Mexico  2) Amy McAndrews - Mexico


Woodpecker, White-headed  Picoides albolarvatus  Found: western mountains of North America
The White-headed Woodpecker has a black body; white head, white primarary feathers. Male has red spot at back of head.
Similar to: Acorn Woodpecker. Acorn Woodpecker has black around base of bill; White-headed Woodpecker has a white face and throat.
Image by:  1, 3) Dave McMullen - California  2) Marcel Holyoak - California   4) Alan D. Wilson - Near Fort Rock, Oregon
1) Female  2, 3, 4) Male



Genus Piculus
These medium sized woodpeckers are found in Central and South America. Most have olive-green upperparts, barred underparts, red on part of the head.

Woodpecker,_Golden-green  Piculus chrysochloros  Found: South America
The Golden-green Woodpecker has green upperparts; green face with yellow stripe; red cap, forehead; light green underparts with darker green stripes.
Image by: 1) Ron Knight  2) Andrea_Ferreira - Paraguay 3) Nick_Athanas - Brazil
3) Male


Woodpecker, Rufous-winged  Piculus simplex  Found: Central America
The Rufous-winge Woodpecker has olive-green upperparts; inconspicuous rufous on wings; barred underparts.
Image by: 1) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica  2) Steve Garvie - Nicaragua
2) Male


Woodpecker,_Stripe-cheeked  Piculus callopterus  Found: Panama
The Stripe-cheeked Woodpecker has olive-green upperparts; off-white cheek stripe; white spotted underparts.
Image by: 1) John_Gerrard_Keulemans   2) Nick_Athanas - Panama  3) HarmonyOnPlanetEarth - Panama 
2) Female


Woodpecker,_White-throated   Piculus leucolaemus   Found: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and Peru.
Image by 1) Gustavo_Gonsioroski - Brazil


Woodpecker, Yellow-browed  Piculus aurulentus  Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2) Cláudio Timm - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
1) Male


Woodpecker,_Yellow-throated    Piculus flavigula  Found: South America
The Yellow-throated Woodpecker has green upperparts; green and white underparts; red crown, forehead, nape, malar region; yellow face, throat.
Image by: 1) Aaron Maizlish  2) Marcel Holyoak - Peru  3, 4) Nick_Athanas - Brazil
3) Male, Piculus flavigula magnus 4) Male, Piculus flavigula erythropis



Genus Picus  Found: mainly Asia
The Picus typically have green upperparts. Genus Colaptes can be considered to be their New World counterparts.

Woodpecker, Banded  Picus miniaceus  Found: southeast Asia
The Banded Woodpecker is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, and Thailand.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Lip Kee - Malaysia
1) Female, left; Male right 2, 3) Female


Woodpecker, Black-headed  Picus erythropygius  Found; southeast Asia
The Black-headed Woodpecker is found in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Image by: 1) Derek Ramsey  2) Brendan Ryan - Cambodia


Woodpecker, Checker-throated  Picus mentalis  Found: southeast Asia
The Checker-throated Woodpecker is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, and Thailand.
Image by: 1, 2) Yip Lee - Malaysia


Woodpecker, Crimson-winged  Picus puniceus  Found: southeast Asia
The Crimson-winged Woodpecker is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, and Thailand.
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi - Thailand  2) Gary_Albert - Borneo


Woodpecker, Green  Picus viridis  Found: Europe, Asia
The Green Woodpecker has green upperparts with yellow rump; pale yellowish underparts; red crown, nape; black eye patch. Male has red malar; female has black malar.
Similar to: Grey-headed Woodpecker. Green Woodpecker has a black eye patch; Grey-headed Woodpecker does not.
Similar to: Japanese Green Woodpecker. The ranges of Green Woodpecker and Japanese Green Woodpecker do not overlap.
Similar to: Levaillant's Woodpecker. Green Woodpecker has a black eye patch; Levaillant's Woodpecker does not.
Image by:  1) Thomas Kraft   2) Frank Vassen - Belgium  3) Luis Garcia - Spain   4) Roger Sanderson    5) OhWeh   6) Yannick  7) Max Westby  8) Cristiano Crolle - Arese, Italy
1) Juvenile  2 - 5) Female  6) Male  7) wet male


Woodpecker, Gray-headed  also Gray-faced Woodpecker  Picus canus  Found: Europe, Asia
The Grey-headed Woodpecker has green upperparts with yellow rump; pale gray underparts, head; black moustache. Male has red crown.
Similar to: Green Woodpecker. Green Woodpecker has a black eye patch; Grey-headed Woodpecker does not.
Image by: 1) Magnus von Wright  2) Frank Vassen in Poland  3)  Sergey Yeliseev - Moscow region  3) Vitaliy Khustochka - south Ukraine


Woodpecker, Japanese Green  also Japanese Woodpecker  Picus awokera  Found: Japan
Similar to: Green Woodpecker. The ranges of Green Woodpecker and Japanese Green Woodpecker do not overlap.
Image by: 1. 2) Tomossuke214 - Japan  3) Isaka Yoji - Japan


Woodpecker, Laced  Picus vittatus  Found: Southeast Asia
The Laced Woodpecker is found in Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam and perhaps Bangladesh.
Image by: 1) Lip Kee - Singapore  2) Andy Teo - Singapore  3, 4) Hiyashi Haka - Malaysia
1) Pair, female on left  2) Female  3, 4) Male


Woodpecker, Levaillant's  Picus vaillantii  Found: northwest Africa
The Levaillant's Woodpecker has green upperparts; lighter yellowish-green underparts; crimson nape; crimson (male) or black (female) crown; black moustache; yellow rump; gray bill, feet. It is found im s Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia.
Similar to: Green Woodpecker. Green Woodpecker has a black eye patch; Levaillant's Woodpecker does not.
Image by: 1) Darked - Morocco  2) Francesi Veronesi - Morocco


Woodpecker,_Red-collared   Picus rabieri   Found: Cambodia, China, Laos, Vietnam
Image by 1) hbw.com


Woodpecker, Scaly-bellied  Picus squamatus  Found; Asia
Image by: 1) Allan Hopkins - India  2) Mvschreeram - Imdia


Woodpecker, Streak-breasted  Picus viridanus  Found: southeast Asia
The Streak-breasted Woodpecker is found in Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand and perhaps Bangladesh.
Image by: 1) Hardwicke  2) Christian Goers  3) Dhantas Thovanich


Woodpecker, Streak-throated  Picus xanthopygaeus  Found; Indian Subcontinent
The Streak-cheeked Woodpecker has olive-green upperparts; scaly off-white underparts; yellowish rump; red (male) or blackish (female) crown.
Image by: 1) Venkatesh Sivaramakrishnan - India  2) Mr Bird Brain  3) Sivakumar Nilangiriyar   4) Allan Hopkins - India
1, 2) Female  3, 4) Male


Yellownape, Greater  Picus flavinucha  Found: Asia
The Greater Yellownape has green upperparts; gray underparts; yellow nape, throat.
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - Miami Zoo  3) Batha
1, 2) Female  3) Male


Yellownape, Lesser  Picus chlorolophus  Found: tropical southern Asia
The Lesser Yellownape has green upperparts; green head; yellow nape; white throat; whitish belly; blackish tail. Male has red moustachial stripe.
Image by: 1) Franceso Veronesi - Malaysia  2) Nagash, Kamath - India



Genus Reinwardtipicus - 1 species

Woodpecker, Orange-backed   Reinwardtipicus validus  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Marcel Holyoak - Borneo  2) Wokoti
2) Male



Genus Sapheopipo - 1 species

Woodpecker, Okinawa  Sapheopipo noguchii  Found; Okinawa, Japan
Image by: 1) John Gerard Keulemans  2) blueeyes_inoli



Genus Sphyrapicus  Found: North America
The Sapsuckers are found in North America. They feed mainly on the sap of trees which the tap by making small holes. Insects often get stuck on the sap and are eaten to.

Sapsucker, Red-breasted
  Sphyrapicus ruber  Found: North America (west coast)
The Red-breasted Sapsucker has red breast, throat, head; black back with white; black wings; large white wing patch; white near base of bill; white lower belly and rump.
Similar to: Red-naped Sapsucker, The Red-breasted Sapsucker has red throat and upper breast; the Red-naped Sapsucker has red throat.
Similar to: Yellow-bellied Sapsucker. The Red-breasted Sapsucker has red throat and upper breast. The male Yellow-bellied Sapsucker has a red throat, the female has a white throat. The Yellow-bellied Sapsucker has a yellow breast and upper belly.
Image by: 1)  Mack Ewalt - Oregon  2) USFWS - Washington  3) Linda Tanner   4) Len Blumin - California
1) Juvenile


Sapsucker, Red-naped  Sphyrapicus nuchalis Found: west North America
The Red-naped Sapsucker has black back and wings with white bars; large white wing patch; red crown sometimes extending to nape. Male has completely red throat; female has white at top of throat, red at lower part.
Similar to: Red-breasted Sapsucker, The Red-breasted Sapsucker has red throat and upper breast; the Red-naped Sapsucker has red throat.
Similar to: Yellow-bellied Sapsucker. The Red-breasted Sapsucker has red throat and upper breast. The male Yellow-bellied Sapsucker has a red throat, the female has a white throat. The Yellow-bellied Sapsucker has a yellow breast and upper belly.
Image by:   1) Jerry Oldenettel - New Mexicoa   2) Jeff Whitlock - Colorado   3) Matt MacGillivray - Alberta, Canada    4) Wildbill_Co - Colorado  5) Alan D. Wilson - Nature Trail, Logan Lake, British Columbia
1, 2, 3) Female  4, 5) Male



Sapsucker, Williamson's  Sphyrapicus thyroideus  Found: west North America
Male Williamson's Sapsucker has black back, head, throat and upper breast; large white wing patch; white stripe behind eye and a lower white stripe on the face. Female has black back with fine white bars; brown head; yellowish breast.
Image by:  1) Jerry Oldenettel - New Mexico   2, 3)   Charlie Westerinen near Carson Pass, CA at 9000'    4) Bill Bouton - Oregon  5) Marcel Holyoak - Colorado
1, 2, 3) Female  4, 5) Male



Sapsucker, Yellow-bellied Sphyrapicus varius   Found: much of Canada, east United States, Mexico, Central America, Caribbean.
The Yellow-bellied Sapsucker has black back and wings with white bars; white wing patch; black head with white lines on the sides; red forehead, crown; yellowish breast, upper belly; white lower belly, rump. Male has red throat; female has white throat.
Similar to: Red-breasted Sapsucker, The Red-breasted Sapsucker has red throat and upper breast. The male Yellow-bellied Sapsucker has a red throat, the female has a white throat. The Yellow-bellied Sapsucker has a yellow breast and upper belly.
Similar to: Red-naped Sapsucker. The Red-naped Sapsucker has red throat. The male Yellow-bellied Sapsucker has a red throat, the female has a white throat. The Yellow-bellied Sapsucker has a yellow breast and upper belly.
Image by:  1)  Keith Williams - Yukon Territory, Canada   2)Tony Harvey - Kentucky    3) Dominic Sherony  4) Dick Daniels - Ash, North Carolina
1) Female (white throat)  2, 3, 4) Male (red throat).



Genus Veniliornis  Found: South America
These small woodpeckers usually have olive upperparts and barred underparts.

Woodpecker, Bar-bellied  Veniliornis nigriceps  Found: Bolivia, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The Bar-bellied Woodpecker has strongly barred underparts. Some subspecies have black bars on white background; others have thinner bars on green background. Male has red crown; female has black or gray crown.
Image by: 1) Orbigny  2) Ron Knight - Columbia  3) Nick_Athanas - Ecuador
3) Female


Woodpecker, Blood-colored  Veniliornis sanguineus  Found: Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana
The Blood-colored Woodpecker has crimson upperparts, nape; crimson (male) or brown (female) crown ; white underparts with gray-brown barring.
Similar to: Red-stained Woodpecker. The Blood-colored woodpecker has more red on the upperparts than does the Red-stained Woodpecker.
Image by: 1, 2) Dave Curtas - Guyana  3) Nick_Athanas - Guyana
3) Male


Woodpecker, Checkered  Veniliornis mixtus  Found: eastern South America
The Checkered Woodpecker has black-and-white checkered upperparts; black crown with white dots; black nape; white face with black eye-line; whitish underparts with fine dark streaks. Male has red spot at back of head.
Similar to: Stiped Woodpecker. Striped Woodpecker is larger than Checked Woodpecker and has bolder underparts.
Image by: 1) Shanthanu Bhardwaj - Argentina  2) Ron Knight - Argentina    3) Nick_Athanas - Argentina
3) Male


Woodpecker,_Choco   Veniliornis chocoensis   Found: Columbia, Ecuador
Image by 1, 2) Nick_Athanas - Ecuador
1) Female 2) Male


Woodpecker,_Dot-fronted   Veniliornis frontalis   Found: Argentina, Bolivia
Image by 1) Ron_Knight - Argentina  2) Ik_Kil - Argentina


Woodpecker,_Golden-collared   Veniliornis cassini   Found: South America
Image by 1) Hector_Bottai - Brazil
1) Male


Woodpecker, Little  Veniliornis passerinus  Found: South America
The Little Woodpecker has yellowish green upperparts with a few light-colored shoulder spots; off-white underparts with gray barring; gray crown (males of some subspecies have red rear-crown and nape). It is found east of the Andes.
Similar to: Red-rumped Woodpecker. Red-rumped Woodpecker has red rump; Little Woodpecker has olive rump.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Cláudio Timm - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
1, 2) Female  3) Male


Woodpecker, Red-rumped  Veniliornis kirkii  Found: Central and South America, Caribbean
The Red-rumped Woodpecker has golden-olive upperparts; red rump; buff-white underparts with dark brown barring; blackish-brown tail; black bill. It is found from Costa Rica south and east to Ecuador, Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago.
Similar to: Little Woodpecker. Red-rumped Woodpecker has red rump; Little Woodpecker has olive rump.
Image by: Cristobal Minic - Venezuela  2) Francesco Veronesi  - Ecuador


Woodpecker, Red-stained  Veniliornis affinis  Found; South America
The Red-stained Woodpecker has olive upperparts with red-tinged wing coverts; dark crown; dirty yellowish face; yellowish nape with some red; light underparts with dark brown barring. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela.
Similar to: Blood-colored Woodpecker. The Blood-colored woodpecker has more red on the upperparts than does the Red-stained Woodpecker.
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi - Ecuador  2) Sidnei Santos  3) Nick_Athanas - Brazil
3) Male


Woodpecker, Scarlet-backed  Veniliornis callonotus  Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The Scarlet-backed Woodpecker has red upperparts; white face; off-white underparts with faint bars; pale bill. Male has red-streaked black cap; female has black cap.
Image by: 1) Marc Athanase   2) Rick Brown  3) Nick_Athanas - Ecuador
3) Male


Woodpecker, Striped  Veniliornis lignarius   Found: southwestern South America
The Striped Woodpecker has black upperparts with white barring; black forehead, nape; red hind-crown (male); white face with black eye-patch, malar stripe; white underparts with black bars and streaks.
Similar to: Checked Woodpecker. Striped Woodpecker is larger than Checked Woodpecker and has bolder underparts.
Image by: 1) Ben Tubby  2) Andrea Ugarte - Patagonia
1, 2) Male


Woodpecker, White-spotted  Veniliornis spilogaster  Found: South America
The White-spotted Woodpecker has olive upperparts with yellowish markings; black slightly streaked with white throat and neck; black and white barred underparts; light curvy line above and below the eye; dark brown forehead. Male forehead has red streaks; female forehead has white streaks. It is found in Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay.
Similar to: Yellow-eared Woodpecker. Yellow-eared Woodpecker has yellowish nape; White-spotted Woodpecker has dark nape.
Image by: 1, 2) Cláudio Timm - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil   3) Juliano Kunze - Brazil
1, 2) Male


Woodpecker, Yellow-eared  Veniliornis maculifrons  Found; eastern Brazil
The Yellow-eared Woodpecker has dark olive upperparts with mottling; whitish underparts with gray bars; yellowish nape (yellow-eared is misnomer); dark face.
Similar to: White-spotted Woodpecker. Yellow-eared Woodpecker has yellowish nape; White-spotted Woodpecker has dark nape.
Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches - Brazil  3) Nick_Athanas  3) Nick_Athanas - Columbia
3) Male


Woodpecker, Yellow-vented  Veniliornis dignus  Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru,  Venezuela
The Yellow-vented Woodpecker has olive upperparts; yellowish underparts with dark barring; black throat, forehead; light gray face with dark mask. Male has red crown, nape; female only red on nape.
Image by:   1) Nick_Athanas  2) Joseph Smit  3) David Cook - Ecuador  4) Nick_Athanas _ Ecuador
1) Female  4) Male



Genus Xiphidiopicus - 1 species

Woodpecker, Cuban Green  Xiphidiopicus percussus  Found: Cuba
The Cuban Green Woodpecker has green upperparts; red nape; white face with black eye-line; black chin, throat. Male has red crown; female has black crown with white stripes.
Image by: 1) Tony Tea  2) Laura Gooch   3) Dominic Sherony  4) David Edwards - Ciego de Avila, Cuba 
   2) Female





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