CORACIIFORMES

The Coraciiformes are very colorful birds. The order is composed of the following families:
Bee-Eaters: Meropidae    Motmots: Momotidae    Todies: Todidae
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae (River Kingfishers), Cerylidae (Water Kingfishers), Halcyonidae (Tree Kingfishers)
Rollers: Brachypteraciidae (Ground Rollers), Coraciidae (Rollers) , Leptosomidae (Cuckoo Roller)


KINGFISHERs of The World

Kingfishers are a group of small to medium sized brightly colored birds in the order Coraciiformes. They have a cosmopolitan distribution, with most species found outside of the Americas. They are usually separated into three families: Alcedinidae (river kingfishers), Halcyonidae (tree kingfishers), and Cerylidae (water kingfishers). There are roughly 90 species of kingfisher. All have large heads, long, sharp, pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. The bill is usually longer and more compressed in species that hunt fish, and shorter and more broad in species that hunt prey off the ground. Most species have bright plumage with little differences between the sexes. Most species are tropical in distribution, and a slight majority are found only in forests. They consume a wide range of prey as well as fish, usually caught by swooping down from a perch. While kingfishers are usually thought to live near rivers and eat fish, most of the kingfisher species in the world live away from water and eat small invertebrates. Like other members of their order they nest in cavities, usually tunnels dug into the natural or artificial banks in the ground.

River Kingfishers

Order Coraciiformes    Family Alcedinidae

The river kingfishers are one of the three families of bird in the kingfisher group. The family is widespread through Africa, through east and south Asia as far as Australia, with one species, the also appearing in Europe and northern Asia. These are brightly plumaged compact birds with short tails, large heads and long bills. They feed on insects or fish, and lay white eggs in a self-excavated burrow.

Genus Alcedo

Kingfisher, Azure  Alcedo azurea  Found: Australia
The Azure Kingfisher has an azure blue back, head; white spot on side of neck; rufous-buff underparts; red legs.
Similar to: Common Kingfisher. Common Kingfisher has freckles on head; Azure Kingfisher doe not have head freckles.
Image by:  1) JJ Harrison - Julatten, Queensland  2) Stephen Barnett


Kingfisher, Bismarck   Alcedo websteri   Found: Papua New Guinea
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans


Kingfisher, Blue-banded  Alcedo euryzona    Found: Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Thailand.
The male Blue-banded Kingfisher has white underparts with a blue breast-band; black bill. Female has white throat; rufous breast-band; black upper bill; reddish lower bill.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) wokoti  3) Mark Benedict - Borneo
1) Left: male Right: female   2) Female  3) Male


Kingfisher, Blue-eared   Alcedo meninting   Found; Indian Subcontinent and southeast Asia, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines
The Blue-eared Kingfisher has blue ear coverts; cobalt-blue upperparts; white neck blaze; rufous underparts.
Similar to: Common Kingfisher. Blue-eared Kingfisher has blue ear coverts; Common Kingfisher may have some blue near ear coverts, but not as much. Common Kingfisher has white freckles on blue head; Blue-eared Kingfisher does not have white freckles.
Image by: 1) ) David Dennis - Malaysia  2) Bernard Dupont


Kingfisher, Blyth's  Alcedo hercules   Found: Asia
The Blyth's Kingfisher has blue back, rump, tail; rufous underparts; green face, neck, wings; white throat, lores; white patch on side of nape.
Image by: 1) Baker


Kingfisher, Cerulean   also   Small Blue Kingfisher   Alcedo coerulescens  Found: Asia, Indonesia
Image by: 1) Lip Kee  2) Aaron Maizlish
1) Male


Kingfisher, Common
Alcedo atthis Found: Euope, Asia, Africa, Australia
The European male subspecies Common Kingfisher has azure-blue upperparts; white freckles on azure-blue head; rufous underparts, ear patch; green-blue neck stripe; white throat, neck blaze; black bill with some red at base; red legs. Female identical exept the bill's lower mandible is orange-red with black tip. Other subspecies have a gray back
Similar to: Azure Kingfisher. Common Kingfisher has freckles on head; Azure Kingfisher doe not have head freckles.
Similar to: Blue-eared Kingfisher. Blue-eared Kingfisher has blue ear coverts; Common Kingfisher may have some blue near ear coverts, but not as much. Common Kingfisher has white freckles on blue head; Blue-eared Kingfisher does not have white freckles.
Image by:  1) Ravi Vaidyanathan  2, 3, 4) Lukasz Lukasik  5) Cristiano Crolle - Naole, Italy


Kingfisher, Half-collared  Alcedo semitorquata  Found: Africa
The Half-collared Kingfisher has blue upperparts, head; orange underparts; white throat.
Similar to: Malachite Kingfisher. Half-collared Kingfisher has blue cheeks; Malachite Kingfisher has rufous cheeks.
Image by: 1) Arno Meintjes  2) David Siu - South Africa  3) Ian White - South Africa


Kingfisher, Indigo-banded   Alcedo cyanopectus  Found: Philippines
The male Indigo-banded Kingfisher has azure-blue upperparts; white freckles on azure-blue head; rufous underparts; rufous lores with white spot; whitish throat; white neck blaze; red legs. Male has two breast bands; female has one.
Image by: 1) Martin Alvendia  2) Francesco Veronesi 3) Llimchiu
1) Female   2, 3) Male


Kingfisher, Little   Alcedo pusilla  Found: Australia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
The Little Kingfisher has blue upperparts, head, flanks; white underparts.
Image by: 1) JJ Harrison - Queensland  2) Jacci Ingham - Northwest Territory


Kingfisher, Shining-blue  Alcedo quadribrachys   Found: Africa
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Tom Tarrant
1) Left A. q. quadribrachys   Right A. q. guentheri


Kingfisher, Silvery   Alcedo argentata   Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2, 3) Francesco Veronesi



Genus Ceyx

Kingfisher, Oriental Dwarf- also Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher Ceyx erithaca Found: Indian Subcontinent, southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia
The Oriental Dwarf-Kingfisher has blue-black upperparts; yellow underparts; red bill
Image by: 1) Jayson Thompson - Thailand  2) Pkhun - southern Thailand  3) Bernard Dupont - Malaysia  4) Erwin Bolwidt - Malaysia


Kingfisher, Rufous-backed   Ceyx rufidorsa   Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Phiippines
The Rufous-backed Kingfisher has rufous back, bill; white patch on side of nape.
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi - Philippines  2) Mark Benedict


Kingfisher, Sulawesi Dwarf-  Ceyx fallax  Found: Sulawesi Island of Indonesia
Image by: 1) Jason Thompson   2, 3) Francesco Veronesi  4) Ariefrahman


Kingfisher, Variable Dwarf-   Ceyx lepidus   Found: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines
Image by: 1) Joseph Wolf  2) John Mittiermeier - Indonesia  3) LawrenceLo2013 - Philippines  4) Tammy Davies
4) C. l. gentianus



Genus   Corythornis also   Alcedo
These are African kingfishers

Kingfisher, Madagascar Pygmy  Ceyx madagascariensis also Corythornis madagascariensis  Endemic to Madagascar
Image by: 1, 2) Frank Vassen - Mantadia National Park, Madagascar  3) Pat and Keith Taylor - Mantadia National Park


Kingfisher, Malachite Alcedo cristata  also  Corythornis cristatus     Found: Africa
The Malachite Kingfisher has blue upperparts; blue and black head; rufuos cheeks, underparts; white patch on throat; white patch on rear side of neck; reddish-orange bill; red legs.
Similar to: African Pygmy Kingfisher. African Pygmy Kingfisher is smaller and has violet ear swath.
Similar to: Half-collared Kingfisher. Half-collared Kingfisher has blue cheeks; Malachite Kingfisher has rufous cheeks.
Similar to: Malagasy Kingfisher. Malachite Kingfisher has reddish-orange bill; Malagasy Kingfisher has dark bill.
Image by: 1, 2) Arno Meintjes  3) Hans Hillewaert


Kingfisher, Malagasy  Alcedo vintsioides  also  Corythornis vintsioides Found: Madagascar
The Malagasy Kingfisher has blue upperparts; blue and black head; rufuos cheeks, underparts; white patch on throat; white patch on rear side of neck; dark bill with red tipl; red legs.
Similar to: Malachite Kingfisher. Malachite Kingfisher has reddish-orange bill; Malagasy Kingfisher has dark bill.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Frank Vassen - Madagascar  4, 5, 6, 7) Dick Daniels - Parc Tsarasaotra, an open bird sanctury in Antananrivo



Kingfisher, White-bellied Alcedo leucogaster  also  Corythornis leucogaster Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Roger Peet  2) Michael Anderson



Genus Ispidina

Kingfisher, African Dwarf  Ispidina lecontei  Found: Africa
The African Dwarf Kingfisher has blue upperparts;  rufous  crown, underparts; white throat.
Similar to: African Pygmy Kingfisher. African Dwarf Kingfisher has dark blue crown; African Dwarf Kingfisher has rufous crown.
Image by: 1) Lee Hunter - Uganda  2) Mike Barth


Kingfisher, African Pygmy  Ispidina picta  also Ceyrx pictus  Found: Africa
The African Pygmy Kingfisher has blue upperparts;  dark blue crown; violet ear swath; rufous underparts; white throat.
Similar to: African Dwarf Kingfisher.. African Dwarf Kingfisher has dark blue crown; African Dwarf Kingfisher has rufous crown.
Similar to: Malachite Kingfisher. African Pygmy Kingfisher is smaller than Malachite Kingfisher and has violet ear swarth.
Image by: 1) Steve Garvie  - Abuko, The Gambia  2) Yoky - Lake Manyara National Park, Tanzania  3) Arno Meintjes



Genus Lacedo - 1 species

Kingfisher, Banded   Lacedo pulchella   Found: southeast Asia, Malaysia
The male Banded Kingfisher has chestnut forehead, cheeks, nape; blue crown; black with light blue bands on upperparts; pale rufous underparts with whitish central belly. Female has black-and-rufous banded upperparts; white underparts with some black bars on breast and flanks.
Image by: 1) Tom Tarrant - Borneo 2) Hyashi Haka  3) Francesco Veronesi - Thailand   4) Jason Thompson - Thailand 
1) Female 2, 3, 4) Male



Genus Pelargopsis
These are very large kingfishers. Their flight is flapping but direct. They inhabit well wooded habitats near water. They are territorial and will chase away eagles and other large predators. These species hunts crabs, fish, frogs, Sexes are similar.

Kingfisher, Brown-winged   Pelargopsis amauroptera   Found:Bangladesh, India, southeast Asia, Malaysia
The Borwn-winged Kingfisher has brown upperparts; orange-buff head, underparts.
Image by: 1) Jayanth Shama - India  2) Allan Drewitt - Thailand


Kingfisher, Stork-billed  Pelargopsis capensis   Found: India, souheast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines
The Stork-billed Kingfisher has greenish-blue upperparts; gray head; buff neck, underparts; red legs; bill.
Image by: 1) Lip Kee - Singapore  2) David Cook - Sri Lanka  3) Michael Khor - Singapore


Kingfisher, Great-billed   also   Black-billed Kingfisher   Pelargopsis melanorhyncha Found: Sulawesi (Indonesia)
Image by: 1) Richard Sharpe   2, 3) AS Kono





Water Kingfishers

Order Coraciiformes    Family Cerylidae

The water kingfishers are one of the three families of kingfishers. All American kingfischer species are in this family. These are all fish-eating species, unlike many representatives of the other two families.


Genus Ceryle - 1 species

Kingfisher, Pied Ceryle rudis   Found: Asia (including China and India), Africa
The Pied Kingfisher is black and white. It has upperparts barred in black; white underparts with black breast band; black eye-mask. Male has wide black collar; thin lower breast collar. Female has two separate marks on breast.
Similar to: Crested Kingfisher. Pied Kingfisher has clearly defined neck collar marks; Crested Kingfisher has smudged breast band.
Similar to: Giant Kingfisher. Pied Kingfisher has clearly defined neck collar marks; Giant Kingfisher has smudged breast band.
Image by:  1, 2) Arno Meintjes  3) Dick Daniels - Fish Eagle Lodge, Knysna Lagoon, Kenya   4, 5, 6) Dick - St. Lucia, South Africa  
1, 3, 4) Female 




Genus Chloroceryle
They nest in a horizontal river bank tunnel; have green upperparts. They are found in tropical Americas.

Kingfisher, Amazon  Chloroceryle amazona   Found: South America
The Amazon Kingfisher is large and heavy. It has dark green upperparts, head; white collar, belly. Male has wide rufous breast band. Female has wide broken green breast band.
Similar to: Green Kingfisher. Amazon Kingfisher is much larger. Male Green Kingfisher has wider breast band. Female Green Kingfisher has 2 breast bands; female Amazon Kingfisher 1 broked breast band.
Image by: 1, 2) Len Blumin  near the Cano Negro Lodge, Costa Rica  3) Lip Kee Yap - Argentina  4) Cristiano Crolle - Argentina
1, 2) Female  3) Male


Kingfisher, American Pygmy  Chloroceryle aenea  Found: southern Mexico to South America
The American Pygmy Kingfisher is a small kingfisher. It has dark green upperparts with faint white dots; dark green head; yellow-orange collar; rufous breast, flanks; white belly. Female has narrow green breast band.
Similar to: Green-and-rufous Kingfisher. American Pygmy Kingfisher has white belly; Green-and-rufous Kingfisher has rufous belly.
Image by: 1) Alastair Rae  2) Carol Foil - Belize  3) Gregory Smith - Ecuador  4) Jorge Montejo - Texas  5) Jerry Oldenettel - Belize
1, 2) Female  3, 4, 5) Male



Kingfisher, Green  Chloroceryle americana  Found: southwest USA to South America
The Green Kingfisher has dark green upperparts, head; white collar, belly. Male has rufous breast. Female has two green breast bands.
Similar to: Amazon Kingfisher. Amazon Kingfisher is much larger. Male Green Kingfisher has wider breast band. Female Green Kingfisher has 2 breast bands; female Amazon Kingfisher 1 broked breast band.
Similar to: Belted Kingfisher. The female Green Kingfisher has 2 belts on its underside, the male Belted Kingfisher has 1 belt. The male Green Kingfisher has a red breast; female Belted Kingfisher has red and white on its belly.
Similar to: Ringed Kingfisher. Ringed Kingfisher has more red on its underparts than Green Kingfisher.
Image by:  1, 4) Lip Kee - Argentina  2, 6) Jerry Oldenettel  - Costa Rica   3) Berniedup - Belize  5) Cláudio Dias Timm - Brazil
1, 2, 3) Female  4, 5,, 6) Male



Kingfisher, Green-and-rufous  Chloroceryle inda  Found: Nicaragua to southern Brazil
The Green-and-rufous Kingfisher has dark green upperparts with light spots on wings; dark green head; rufous collar and underparts. Female has green breast band.
Similar to: American Pygmy Kingfisher. American Pygmy Kingfisher has white belly; Green-and-rufous Kingfisher has rufous belly.
Image by: 1) Yehudi Hernandez  2) Arthur Chapman - Bolivia



Genus Megaceryle
All are fish eaters. They have prominant head creast; gray or grayish-blue upperparts; white or rufous underparts; underparts pattern always different for the two sexes.

Kingfisher, Belted Megaceryle alcyon Found: North America to north South America
The Belted Kingfisher has dark blue to black head, back; white collar; blue breast band; white belly. Female has rufous lower breast band that extends to flanks.
Similar to: Green Kingfisher. The female Green Kingfisher has 2 belts on its underside, the male Belted Kingfisher has 1 belt. The male Green Kingfisher has a red breast; female Belted Kingfisher has red and white on its belly.
Similar to: Ringed Kingfisher. The male Ringed Kingfisher has a rufous breast and belly which is quite different from either sex of the Belted Kingfisher. The female Ringed Kingfisher has a rufous belly while the female Belted Kingfisher has a rufuous and white belly.
Image by:   1) Elaine R Wilson  - Blackie Spit Park, Crescent Beach, British Columbia
   2) Alan D Wilson - Audubon Sabal Palm Sanctuary, Brownsville, Texas 
   3, 4) Dick Daniels - North Carolina   5) Linda Tanner   6) Dick - Jamaica
1, 2, 3) Female  4, 5) Male



Kingfisher, Crested  also Himalayan Pied Kingfisher  Megaceryle lugubris  Found: Asia
The Crested Kingfisher is very large; has black and white upperparts, crested head; white underparts with black and white breast band. Somtimes there is some rufous on the breast.
Similar to: Pied Kingfisher. Pied Kingfisher has clearly defined neck collar marks; Crested Kingfisher has smudged breast band.
Image by: 1) Caesar Photography   2) Ron Knight


Kingfisher, Giant  Megaceryle maximus  Found: Africa
The Giant Kingfisher has blue or black upperparts with white freckles; white collar. Male has chestnut breast band; black spots on white belly. Female has black spotted white breast band; chestnut belly.
Similar to: Pied Kingfisher. Pied Kingfisher has clearly defined neck collar marks; Giant Kingfisher has smudged breast band.
Image by: 1) Ian White - Zambia  2) Joseph Mochoge - Gilgil, Kenya
   3) Louise Meinties  4) Arno Meintjes  5) Dick Daniels - St Lucia, South Africa
1) Female  2 - 5) Male


Kingfisher, Ringed  Megaceryle torquata  Found: Texas to South America
The Ringed Kingfisher has deep blue or grayish-blue upperparts and head; white collar; Male has rufous underparts. Female has gray or rufous breast; white breast ring; rufous belly.
Similar to: Belted Kingfisher. The male Ringed Kingfisher has a rufous breast and belly which is quite different from either sex of the Belted Kingfisher. The female Ringed Kingfisher has a rufous belly while the female Belted Kingfisher has a rufuous and white belly.
Similar to: Green Kingfisher. Ringed Kingfisher has more red on its underparts than Green Kingfisher.
Image by: 1) Jorge Cardenas - Chile  2) Joe McKenna - Panama  3) Frank Vassen - Costa Rica
    4, 5) Dario Sanches - Brazil 6) Claudio Timm - Brazil
1, 2, 3) female 4, 5, 6) Male






Tree Kingfishers

Order Coraciiformes    Family Halcyonidae

The tree kingfishers are the most numerous of the three families of birds in the kingfisher group. Tree kingfishers are widespread through Asia and Australasia, but also appear in Africa and the islands of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, utilising a range of habitats from tropical rainforest to open woodlands. The tree kingfishers are short-tailed large-headed compact birds with long pointed bills. Most are monogamous and territorial, nesting in holes in trees or termite nests. Although some tree kingfishers frequent wetlands, none are specialist fish-eaters. Most species dive onto prey from a perch, mainly taking slow moving invertebrates or small vertebrates.


Genus Actenoides

Kingfisher, Blue-capped  also  Hombron's Kingfisher  Actenoides hombroni Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) John Gould


Kingfisher, Green-backed   Actenoides monachus   Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1, 3) AS Kono - North Sulawesi   2) Francesco Veronesi - Sulawesi   4)  Ariefrahman - North Sulawesi


Kingfisher, Moustached   Actenoides bougainvillei   Found: Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans


Kingfisher, Rufous-collared   Actenoides concretus  Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia
The Rufous-collared Kingfisher has black eye-line extending to nape; blue patch on side of throat. Male has rufous collar, breast; green crown. Female has green upperparts; speckled wing coverts.
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Jakob Wijkema  3) Mark Benedict - Borneo  4) Francesco Veronesi - Thailand



Kingfisher, Scaly-breasted  Actenoides princeps Found: Sulawesi (Indonesia)
Image by: 1, 3, 4) AS Kono  2) Jasonbkk
1, 2) Female 3, 4) Male


Kingfisher, Spotted  Actenoides lindsayi   Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Francesco Veronesi  3) Doing Big Year 3) Noel Reynolds
2) Female 3, 4) Male



Genus Caridonax - 1 species

Kingfisher, White-rumped   also  Glittering Kingfisher  Caridonax fulgidus  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) John Gould



Genus Cittura - 1 species

Kingfisher, Lilac  also   Celebes Flat-billed Kingfisher   Cittura cyanotis   Found: Sulawesi (Indonesia)
The male Lilac Kingfisher  has brown crown, back; rufous rump, tail; blue eye-mask with white line separating from crown; blue wings; whitish underparts; large red and flattened bill. Female has black maks.
Image by: 1) A. S. Kono   2, 3) Francesco Veronesi  4) Jason Thompson
1) Female 2, 3, 4) Male



Genus Clytoceyx - 1 species

Kookaburra, Shovel-billed   also  Shovel-billed Kingfisher   Clytoceyx rex   Found: New Guinea
The Shovel-billed Kookaburra has dark brown upperparts, head; rufous stripe behind eye; white throat; rufous collar, underparts; blue rump; heavy, short, thick bill. Male has dark bluish tail; female has rufous tail.
Image by: 1) Mark A Harper
1) Male



Genus Dacelo
The kookaburra species are found in Australia and New Guinea. Kookaburras are known to eat the young of other birds, mice, snakes, insects and small reptiles.

Kookaburra, Blue-winged Dacelo leachii   Found: Australia
The Blue-winged Kookaburra has a broad bill; cream-colored upper- and underparts barred with brownish markings; blue wings; brown shoulders. Male has blue tai tipped with whitel. Female has rufous tail with black stripes.
Image by: 1) Degilbo  2) Adrian Pingstone - Cotswold Wildlife Park, Oxfordshire, England  3) Macinate
1, 2) Female  3) Male


Kookaburra, Laughing  Dacelo novaeguineae    Found: Australia
The Laughing Kookaburra has a white or cream-colored body and head; brown eye-stripe, wings; rusty-orange tail with dark brown bars. Male has blue tail. Female has rufous tail with black stripes. Female has less blue to rump than male.
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4) Dick Daniels - Australia  5) Toby Hudson - Ashfield, NSW, Australia



Kookaburra, Rufous-bellied  Dacelo gaudichaud  Found: New Guinea
The Rufous-bellied Kookaburra has a black cap; rufous underparts; white bill. Male has blue tail tipped with white; female has rufous tail.
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Jerry Oldenettel - Papua New Guinea
1) Male bottom left; female top right.


Kookaburra, Spangled   Dacelo tyro   Found: New Guinea
The Spangled Kookaburra has bright blue wings, tail; white underparts; white spotted black head.
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Doug Janson - Jurong Bird Park, Singapore



Genus Halcyon
Halcyon kingfishers are mostly large birds with heavy bills. They occur in a variety of habitats, with woodland of various types the preferred environment for most. They are “sit and wait” predators of small ground animals including large insects, rodents, snakes, and frogs, but some will also take fish.

Kingfisher, Black-capped  Halcyon pileata  Found: Asia
The Black-capped Kingfisher has blue back, tail; black crown, wings; white neck, throat, breast; rufous belly; red bill, legs.
Image by: 1) JJ Harrison - Thailand  2) Johnny Wee   3, 4) Frankie Chu


Kingfisher, Blue-breasted   Halcyon malimbica   Found: west Afioca
The Blue-breasted Kingfisher has blue head, back, wing panel, tail; white underparts with blue breast band; black shoulders, eye-line; red upper bill; black lower bill.
Image by: 1) Josh More - Denver Zoo  2) JV Verde - The Gambia  3) Steve Garvie - The Gambia


Kingfisher, Brown-hooded Halcyon albiventris   Found: Africa
The male Brown-hooded Kingfisher has dark brown head, back, wings; pale neck, underparts; turquoise primary feathers, tail; red bill. Female has light brown instead of dark brown.
Similar to: Gray-headed Kingfisher.  Gray-headed Kingfisher has chestnut belly; Brown-hooded Kingfisher has white or light belly.
Image by: 1) Sias van Schalkwyk - South Africa  2) Arno Meintjes 3) Dick Daniels - Tanzania  4) Dick - Kruger National Park, South Africa
1, 2) Female  3, 4) Male


Kingfisher, Gray-headed Halcyon leucocephala Found: Africa
The Gray-headed Kingfisher has gray head, nape; black back, wings; chestnut belly; turquoise primary wing feathers, tail; red bill.
Similar to: Brown-hooded Kingfisher.  Gray-headed Kingfisher has chestnut belly; Brown-hooded Kingfisher has white or light belly.
Image by: 1) Gip Gipukan  2) Alastair Rae  3) Dick Daniels - Tanzania  4) Arno Meintjes 


Kingfisher, Javan   Halcyon cyanoventris   Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1_ Lip Kee  - Bali 2) Ken San- Bali Bird Park


Kingfisher, Mangrove   Halcyon senegaloides   Found: east Africa
The Mangrove Kingfisher has blue back, tail; black shoulders; pale gray to white head neck, underparts; red bill.
Similar to: Woodland Kingfisher.  The Mangrove Kingfisher has red bill; Woodland Kingfisher has red upper mandible and black lower mandible.
Image by: 1) Paul Barnard - Zambia  2) Steve Garvie - Kenya  3) Ian White - Zambia


Kingfisher, Ruddy  Halcyon coromanda  Found: Asia
The Ruddy Kingfisher has a rust-red body which deepens to purple at the tail; red bill; legs
Image by: 1) Yasaiman - Ueno Zoo, Tokyo, Japan  2) Changhua Coast Conservation


Kingfisher, Striped Halcyon chelicuti   Found: Africa
The Striped Kingfisher has grayish-brown upperparts; off white underparts;  streaked brown crown; blue tail and wing tips.
Image by  1) Arno Meintjes  2) Dick Daniels - Fish Eagle Lodge, Knysna Lagoon  3) Jerry Friedman - Kenya


Kingfisher, White-throated also White-breasted Kingfisher  Halcyon smyrnensis  Found: Europe, Asia
The White-throated Kingfisher has blue back, wings, tail; chestnut head, shoulders, flanks, lower belly; white throat, breast; red bill, legs.
Image by:  1) Dick Daniels - Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo   2, 3) Dick - San Diego Zoo   4) Shiva Shankar 


Kingfisher, Woodland Halcyon senegalensis   Found: Africa
The Woodland Kingfisher has a bright blue back, tail; black shoulders; pale brownish-gray forehead, crown, nape; red upper mandible, black lower mandible; white belly; red legs.
Similar to: Mangrove Kingfisher.  The Mangrove Kingfisher has red bill; Woodland Kingfisher has red upper mandible and black lower mandible.
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - Tanzania  3, 4) Arno Meintjes  5) Dick - San Diego Zoo  6) Sias van Schalkwyk - South Africa



Genus Syma

Kingfisher, Mountain
  Syma megarhyncha   Found: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
The Mountain Kingfisher has orange-yellow bill; orange head, nape; black nape patch; white throat; blue-green rump; blue tail.
Similar to: Yellow-billed Kingfisher. Mountain Kingfisher is found in highlands; Yellow-billed Kingfisher is found in lowlands.
Image by: 1) Planet Earth  2) Katerina_Tvardikova


Kingfisher, Yellow-billed Syma torotoro  Found: New Guinea and adjacent islands
The Yellow-billed Kingfisher has orange-yellow bill; orange head, nape; black nape patch; white throat; blue-green rump; pale orange-gray underparts; blue tail. Female has black crown patch.
Similar to: Mountain Kingfisher. Mountain Kingfisher is found in highlands; Yellow-billed Kingfisher is found in lowlands.
Image by: 1) Lee Hunter  2) Markaharper
1) Female   2) Male



Genus Tanysiptera

Kingfisher, Biak Paradise-  Tanysiptera riedelii  Found: Biak Island in Indonesia
Image by: 1) Josephe Huet  2) Bram Demeulemeester
1) Color misleading - the dark portion fo the sketch should be blue.


Kingfisher, Brown-headed Paradise- Tanysiptera danae Found: Papua New Guinea
Image by: 1) Markaharper


Kingfisher, Buff-breasted Paradise-  Tanysiptera sylvia Found: Australia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
Image by: 1) Brisbane City Council  2) Carel van Kempen  2) Bernard Dupont - North Queensland


Kingfisher, Common Paradise-  Tanysiptera galatea  Found: Australia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
The male Common Paradise-Kingfisher has blue crown, wings; blue center tail feathers with white outer-tail feathers; white underparts, tail tip,
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Francesco Veronesi - Halmahera


Kingfisher, Little Paradise-   Tanysiptera hydrocharis  Found: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Jerry Oldenettel - Papua New Guinea  3) Jan Veenstra


Kingfisher, Red-breasted  Tanysiptera nympha  Found; Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
Image by: John Gerrard Keulemans



Genus Todiramphus
Members of Todiramphus are medium-sized kingfishers with flattened beaks. They are typically blue or blue-green above with pale underparts. They often have a pale collar and stripe over the eye. Many species are commonly found well away from water and feed largely on terrestrial animals such as insects and lizards. The nest is built in a cavity, most often in a tree. Most are found in Australasia.

Kingfisher, Beach  Todiramphus saurophagus  Found: Indonesia, New Guinea, Soloman Islands
Image by: 1) Greg Miles - Papua New Guinea


Kingfisher, Blue-and-white Todiramphus diops  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Paulo Alves  2) John Mittermeier


Kingfisher, Chestnut-bellied  also  Vanuatu Kingfisher  Todiramphus farquhari  Found: Vanuatu (1000 miles northeast of
The Chestnut-bellied Kingfisher has dark blue upperparts; white throat, collar, lores; orange underparts.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans


Kingfisher, Cinnamon-banded  Todiramphus australasia  Found; Indonesia, East Timor
Image by: 1) Ron Knight


Kingfisher, Collared  Todiramphus chloris  Found: Asia, Australasia
The Collared Kingfisher has upperparts that vary from blue to green; underparts from white to buff; white collar; may be black eye-line; black bill with pale yellow base to the lower mandible. Females tend to be greener than males.
Similar to: Forest Kingfisher. Collared Kingfisher may have greenish upperparts; Forest Kingfisher always has blue upperparts.
Image by: 1, 6) Lip Kee - Singapore  2) Tom Tarrant   3) Johnny Wee   4) JJ Harrison - Thailand  5) Dick Daniels - Miami Zoo 
1) Juvenile  2) perhaps Female



Kingfisher, Forest  Todiramphus macleayii  Found: Australasia
The Forest Kingfisher is predominantly blue and white; white forehead; broad black eye-stripe; black bill, pale lower base.
Similar to: Collared Kingfisher. Collared Kingfisher may have greenish upperparts; Forest Kingfisher always has blue upperparts.
Image by: 1) David Cook - Lake Eacham, QLD, Australia  2) Frank Wouters  
    3) JJ Harrison - Daintree Village, Queensland, Australia


Kingfisher, Micronesian Todiramphus cinnamominus  Found: Pacific Islands of Guam, Pohnpei and Palau
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo
1) Todiramphus c. cinnamominus, the Guam subspecies. It no longer occurs in the wild,


Kingfisher, Red-Backed Todiramphus pyrrhopygius  Found: Australia
The Red-backed Kingfisher has a streaked green, white crown; bluish-green wings, tail; chestnut rump, upper tail coverts; white nape and upderparts; black band from base of bill, through eyes, and beyond; dark gray legs.
Image by: 1) Richard Fisher  2) Aviceda - Queensland  3) Malcolm Tattersall - Queensland


Kingfisher, Sacred  Todirhamphus sanctus  Found: Australia
The Sacred Kingfisher has turquoise upperparts, head; white throat, neck; yellowish-buff underparts.
Image by: 1) Flagstaffotos  2) David Cook - Willandra National Park, NSW, Australia 3) Oystercatcher


Kingfisher, Sombre   Todiramphus funebris   Found: Halmahera (Indonesian island)
Image by: 1) Paulo Alvres






Back to Top