Fringillid FINCHes of Hawaii

Order Passeriformes   Family Fringillidae

The true finches of family Fringillidae are predominantly seed-eating songbirds. They vary from 9-23 cm. They typically have strong, stubby beaks, which in some species can be quite large. Finches are usually are inhabitants of well-wooded areas, but some can be found on mountains or even in deserts. True finches have a bouncing flight like most small passerines, alternating bouts of flapping with gliding on closed wings. The nests are basket-shaped and usually built in trees.

They are not closely related to the Estrildid Finches.



Genus Hemignathus
These Hawaiian Honeycreepers have a mixture of bill size and shapes perhaps indicating the genus should be split. All bills are curved to some extent.

Akiapolaau   Hemignathus munroi  Found: Big Island of Hawaii
The Akiapolaau has orangish head;  black bill, legs; whitish belly;
Image by: 1) USFWS


Amakihi, Hawaii   Hemignathus virens  Found: Hawaii
The Hawaii Amakihi has yellow-green plumage; curved black bill;  brown eyes.
Image by: 1) USFWS  2) James Brennan


Amakihi, Kauai  Hemignathus kauaiensis Found: Kauai (Hawaii)
Image by: 1) Benjaminkeen  2) Jim Denny


Amakihi, Oahu  Hemignathus flavus  Found: Oahu (Hawaii)
Imqge by:   1) Tsuru8  2) Chuck Jensen
1) Winter plumage



Genus Himatione -1 species 

Apapane   Himatione sanguinea Endemic to Hawaii
The male Apapane has mainly bright crimson plumage; white rump; black wings, upper-tail, legs
Image by:  1) USFWS  2, 6) Johnida Dockens   3) Papa Marina's   4) Dick Daniels - Maui    5) Jerry Oldenettel - Haleakala National Park, Maui  7) Caleb Simmons - Ohia   8) Dick Daniels
1, 2) Juvenile  3)  Pair  4) Adult male  8) Not an Apapane - will be moved shortly.



Genus Loxioides - 1 species

Palila   Loxioides bailleui   Found: Big Island of Hawaii
The Palila has gray back; olive-green wings, tail; yellow head, breast; brown eyes. This is the largest of the Hawaiian Honeycreeprs. Hawaiian Honeycreepers belong to the family Fringillidae. There are also Honeycreepers that belong to family Thraupidae, but these Honeycreepers are unrelated.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans   2) USGS  3) Pat and Keith Taylor - Mauna Kea Forest Reserve, Hawaii  4) Caleb Slemmons



Genus Loxops

Akekee  Loxops caeruleirostris  Found: Kauai
The Akekee has mainly greenish-yellow plumage; faint black eye-mask; slightly crossed bill tips.
Image by: 1) Porter  2) Jim Denny


Akepa   Loxops coccineus  Found: Hawaii
The male Akepa has mainly bright orange plumage. Female has greenish-gray upperparts; lighter gray on breast.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans 2) USFWS



Genus Magumma - 1 species

Anianiau    Magumma parva   Found: high elevations of Kauai (Hawaii)
The male Anianiau  has bright yellow plumage; curveed bll. Female has duller yellow-green plumge.
Image by: 1) Jim Denny  2) USWGS 



Genus Oreomystis

Akikiki  Oreomystis bairdi  Found: Kauai (Hawaii)
The Akikiki has gray upperparts; white  underparts; pink bill, legs.
Image by: 1) Carter Atkinson


Creeper, Hawaii   Oreomystis mana  also  Loxops mana  Found: Big Island of Hawaii
Image by: 1) Carter Atkinson  2) Robert Brown



Genus Palmeria - 1 species

Akohekohe   Palmeria dolei    Found: Maui (Hawaii)
The Akohekohe has glossy black upperparts; sides have whitish  stripes.
Image by: 1) USGS




Genus Pseudonestor - 1 species

Parrotbill, Mau Pseudonestor xanthophrys  Found: Maui in Hawaii
Image by: 1) Frederick Frohawk  2) Dysmorodrepanis  3) Jim Denny
2) Female



Genus Telespiza

Finch, Laysan  Telespiza cantans  Found: Hawaiian islands
Image by: 1) USFWS  2) Allen Smith


Finch, Nihoa  Telespiza ultima  Found: Hawaiian islands
The Nihoa Finch has brown streaked with black back, head; yellow throat; yellowish breast streaked with brown.
Image by: 1) Stewart Fefe  2) GrrlScientist



Genus Vestiaria - 1 species

I'iwi  also  Iiwi   Vestiaria coccinea   Found: Hawaii
The I'iwi has mostly scarlet plumage; black wings, tail; orange-red long curved bill used for accessing nectar; yellow-orange feet. It can hover like hummingbirds.
Image by: 1) USFWS   2) Quelle Jeffery- USFWS  3) Jacob Frank - Haleakala National Park, Maui  4) Don Metzner




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