WATERFOWL of The World

The order Anseriformes contains about 150 living species of birds in three families: the Anhimidae (the screamers), Anseranatidae (the Magpie Goose), and the Anatidae, which includes over 140 species of waterfowl, among them the ducks, geese, and swans. All species in the order are web-footed for efficient swimming and have a large wide bill with a specialized tongue that allows water to be sucked in the front of the bill. An array of plates traps food particles as the water is expelled out the sides of the bill. Not all species feed this way, some graze on plants and some also catch fish. [abstracted from Wikipedia]



Diving Ducks

Order Anseriformes    Family Anatidae  

The diving ducks, commonly called pochards or scaups, are a category of duck which feed by diving beneath the surface of the water. They are mainly found in the northern hemisphere. To aid in their swimming under water for food, diving ducks tend to be denser than dabbling ducks and their legs placed further back on their body. They are ungainly walking on ground and their takeoff for flying is labored.


Genus Aythya

Canvasback Aythya valisineria   Found: North America
The largest North American diving duck. It has a wedge shaped head. black bill. The male has black breast and rump; chestnut head and neck; white back sides and belly. This white has fine irregular lines lika a canvas, hence the name. Female has grayish-brown upperparts; brown head, neck, and breast.
Similar to: Redhead. The bills and head shape are very different.
Image by:  1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights     8) Dick - North Carolina
1, 2, 3, 4) Female / nonbreeding male  5, 6, 7, 8, 9) Breeding male




Duck, Ferruginous also Ferruginous Pochard Aythya nyroca  Found: Europe, Asia
The male Ferruginous Duck has chestnut head, sides, and underparts; brown back; yellowish eye; white undertail. Female is similar but duller and with a dark eye.
Similar to: White-eyed Duck. Ranges do not overlap. White-eyed Duck has some white on the bill, Ferruginous Duck does not.
Image by: 2) Dick Daniels - Birds of Eden, South Africa  3) Sandy Cole - San Diego Zoo   4. 5) Dick - Sylvan Heights  6) Cristiano Crolle - Racconigi, Italy
1) Female 2, 3, 4, 6) Male


Duck, Ring-necked Aythya collaris   Found: North America, South America (rare), Europe (rare)
The Ring-necked Duck has a difficult to observe cinnamon neck ring. It has a white band near the tip of its gray bill and a white ring near the base of the bill. Male has shiny black upperparts, head, neck, and breast; gray sides. Female is brown with gray-brown head, white eye-ring.
Similar to: female Redhead. The Redhead female has a more gently rounded head. The Ring-necked Duck female has white around the base of the bill.
Similar to: Tufted Duck. The Tufted Duck has a tuft at the back of its head, the Ring-necked Duck does not. Tufted Duck has negligible white on its bill; Ring-necked Duck has obvious white on the bill. Juvenile and female Ring-necked Duck has dark eye, white eye-ring; Tufted Duck has yellow eye, no eye-ring.
Image by:  1) Len Blumin - California  2) Alan Vernon - California  3) Rich Leche  4, 8) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights    5, 11) Alan D Wilson - Near San Diego, California  6) Dick - North Carolina  7) Hilary Chambers - United Kingdom
     9) Mdf - Toronto  10) Chad King
1) Juvenile  2- 6) Female  7) nonbreeding male  8 - 11) breeding male



Duck, Tufted Aythya fuligula   Found: North America, Europe, Asia, Africa
The Tufted Duck has a tuft on its head, yellow eyes, blue-gray bill. The male is black except for white flanks. The female is brown with darker head and back.
Similar to: Ringed-neck Duck. The Tufted Duck has a tuft at the back of its head, the Ring-necked Duck does not. Ring-necked Duck has a white band near the tip of the bill and a white ring near the base of the bill; the Tufted Duck has little / no white on or near its bill. Juvenile and female Ring-necked Duck has dark eye, white eye-ring; Tufted Duck has yellow eye, no eye-ring.
Similar to: Lesser Scaup, Greater Scaup. The male Tufted Duck has a solid black back; the male scaup has barring on its back. The female Tufted Duck has little or no white at the base of its bill; the female scaup has substantial white at the base of its bill.
Image by:   1, 2, 7, 8, 10, 12) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights      3, 11) Dick - England     4) Frankie Chu   5) Duncan Brown - Scotland  6) Namisao  9) Sandy Cole - Sylvan Heights
1, 2) Pair  3 - 8) Female  9 - 12) Male


Duck, White-eyed also Hardhead Aythya australis   Found: Australia, New Zealand, and Pacific Islands
The White-eyed Duck is the only diving duck in Australia. It has chocolate-brown upperparts, rufous flanks. white underparts. Allmost the entire underside of the wings are white. Male has bright white eyes; female has brown eyes.
Similar to: Ferruginous Duck. Ranges do not overlap. White-eyed Duck has some white on the bill, Ferruginous Duck does not.
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 5, 6) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights  4, 7) Oystercatcher   8) Dick Daniels - Featherdale Wildlife Park, Australia  
1) Pair  2, 3, 4, 5) Female   6, 7, 8) Male  


Pochard, Baer's  Aythya baeri Found: Asia
The male Baer's Pochard has black head, neck, and breast; dark upper back, brown lower back; predominantly white sides, white eyes.
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights  
1, 2) Male


Pochard, Common   Aythya ferina  Found:  Europe, Asia
The male Common Pochard has a red head and neck, black breast and rump, large gray band on the bill, red eyes. The female has brown head, neck, and breast; light brown back; narrow gray band on the bill.
Image by: 1) Charlie Westerinen


Pochard, Madagascar  Aythya innotata  Found: Madagascar
Image by: 1, 2) Frank Vassen


Redhead Aythya americana Found: North America, Asia
The male Redhead has a blue bill, red head and neck, black breast, and yellow eyes. The adult female has a brown head and body, darker bluish bill with a black tip, white eye-rings.
Similar to: Canvasback. The bills and head shape are very different.
Similar to: Ring-necked Duck female. The Redhead female has a more gently rounded head. The Ring-necked Duck female has white around the base of the bill.
Image by:  1, 10, 11) Dick Daniels - Flamingo Gardens, Flroida  2) Shanthanu Bhardwaj - Illinois  3) Len Blumin - California   4, 5, 6, 9) Dick - Sylvan Heights  7) Jamie Chavez - California 8) Kevin Bercaw 
1) Pair   2 - 6) Female  7) Male in partial eclipse plumage  8 - 11) Breeding males



Scaup, New Zealand also Black Teal Aythya novaeseelandiae   Found: New Zealand
The New Zealand Scaup is dark brown and black with a dark greenish head. The male has yellow eyes, The female is similar to the male, lighter and does not have a yellow eye. During breeding season the female has a white patch above the bill.
Image by: 1,2,3) Dick Daniels- Sylvan Heights   4, 5, 6) Dick - New Zealand
 1) Female 3 - 6) Male



Scaup, Greater  Aythya marila  Found: North America, Europe, Asia, Africa
The Greater Scaup has rounded head, bluish bill, yellow eyes. Male has black head, neck, breast, rump; white sides; gray back with fine lines. Female has dark brown head and back, lighter brown breast and sides, bright white area above the bill,
Similar to: Lesser Scaup.  Greater Scaups tend to have more rounded heads. The Greater Scaup male has a clear white border where it meets the vermiculated back while the Lesser Scaup male has a smudged region. Greater Scaups tend to have larger bills than Lesser Scaups. Lesser Scaup head tends to slope forward compared to Greater Scaup.
Similar to: Tufted Duck. The male Tufted Duck has a solid black back; the male scaup has barring on its back. The female Tufted Duck has little or no white at the base of its bill; the female scaup has substantial white at the base of its bill.
Image by: 1, 4, 6) Len Blumin - California  2) Just Chaos   3) Shanthanu Bhardwaj - Illinois   5) Dan Mullen - Wisconsin eclipse   7) Calibas - California   8) Jerry Oldenettel - California
1) Pair 2, 3) Female  4, 5) Male in eclipse  6) Nonbreeding male  7, 8, 9) Male


Scaup, Lesser Aythya affinis   Found: The Americas, Asia
The Lesser Scaup has rounded head, bluish bill, yellow eyes. Male has black head, neck, breast, rump; white sides, belly; gray back with fine lines. Female has dark brown head and back, lighter brown breast and sides, bright white area above the bill,
Similar to: Greater Scaup. Greater Scaups tend to have more rounded heads. The Greater Scaup male has a clear white border where it meets the vermiculated back while the Lesser Scaup male has a smudged region. Greater Scaups tend to have larger bills than Lesser Scaups. Lesser Scaup head tends to slope forward compared to Greater Scaup.
Similar to: Tufted Duck. The male Tufted Duck has a solid black back; the male scaup has barring on its back. The female Tufted Duck has little or no white at the base of its bill; the female scaup has substantial white at the base of its bill.
Image by: 1,  6, 7, 10) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights   2) Shawn McCready - Alberta   3) Jeff Whitlock - Texas   4) New Jersey Birds - California   5) Dick - Twin Lakes, North Carolina  8) Len Blumin  - California  9) Rich Leche
1 - 5) Female  6 - 9) Male  10) Pair





Genus Netta
Netta is a genus of diving ducks. Unlike other diving ducks, the Netta species are reluctant to dive, and feed more like dabbling ducks. These are gregarious ducks, mainly found on fresh water. They are strong fliers; their broad, blunt-tipped wings require faster wing-beats than those of many ducks and they take off with some difficulty.

Pochard, Red-crested Netta rufina   Found: North America (escapees), Europe, Asia, Africa
The male Red-crested Pochard has brown back, reddish-orange head, red bill, blackneck, black underparts with white flanks, black tail. Female has dark brown top of head and back, light brown sides, white lower part of head and neck, black bill with light tip. Nonbreeding male like female except has red bill.
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights  
1) Female  2 - 5) Male


Pochard, Rosy-billed also Rosybill  Netta peposaca  Found: South America
The male Rosy-bille Pochard has a pink bill; red bump at end of bill; black tip on bill; red eyes; black back, head, neck, breast; silver flanks; white under tail coverts. Female has brown upperparts; whitish underparts; bluish bill.
Image by: 1) Sandy Cole - Sylvan Heights  2, 3) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights  4) Dick - Birds of Eden, South Africa
1 - 4 Male


Pochard, Southern  Netta erythrophthalma  Found: Sourh America, Africa
The male Southern Pochard has black head, neck, breast; dark back; brown flanks. Female is brown overall with darker back; white patch at base of bill; white around most of eye; white line hehind eye; white swirl on neck.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights
1, 2) Female  3) Male




Genus Marmaronetta - 1 species

Duck, Marbled also Marbled Teal  Marmaronetta angustirostris  Found: southern Eurasia, northern Africa 
Marbled Teal is grayish-brown overall, large light spots on upper back and flanks, dark lower back, dark rear part of head and dark eye patch.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights  4) Sandy Cole - Sylvan Heights  5) Cristiano Crolle - Racconigi, Italy



Genus Asarcornis - 1 species

The White-winged duck was formerly include with the Muscovy Duck in genus Cairina.   However it now seems closer to diving ducks.

Duck, White-winged Wood  also  White-winged Duck  Asarcornis scutulata   Found: southeast Asia
TThe White-winged Wood Duck has a dark brown body; white speckled head and neck. Sexes are similar in appearance, but the male is larger.
Image by:  1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6) Dick - Sylvan Heights 
Considering size 1) Female  2) Male






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