VIREOs

Order Passeriformes    Family Vireonidae - 1 genus


The vireos are a group of small to medium-sized mostlyrestricted to the New World. They are typically dull-plumaged and greenish in color, the smaller species resembling wood warblers apart from their heavier bills. They range in size from 10 centimeters and 8 grams, to up to 17 centimeters and 40 grams. Males of most species are persistent singers. Songs are usually rather simple, monotonous. All members of the family eat some fruit but mostly insects and other arthropods. They take prey from leaves and branches; true vireos also flycatch.


Genus Cyclarhis

Peppershrike, Rufous-browed  Cyclarhis gujanensis  Found: Central and South America
The Rufous-browed Peppershrike is bull-headed with a thick, somewhat shrike-like bill, which typically is blackish below and pinkish-grey above. The head is gray with a strong rufous eyebrow. The upperparts are green, and the yellow throat and breast shade into a white belly.
Image by: 1) Dario Sanches - Brazil



Genus Vireo

Vireo, Bell's   Vireo bellii  Found: North America
Similar to: Juvenile Verdin.
Similar to: Gray Vireo. Gray Vireo has a distinct eye-ring, Bell's has a split eye-ring.
Image by: 1) Steve Maslowski, USFWS  2) Bill Bouton - California   3) Jerry Oldenettel - New Mexico
 1, 2) Western  3) Eastern


Vireo, Black-capped  Vireo atricapilla  Found: North America
Similar to: Blue-headed Vireo. The blue-gray head of the Blue-headed Vireo differs from the Gary to black head of the Black-capped Vireo. Black-capped Vireo is not found in eastern North America while Blue-headed Vireo is.
Image by: 1) Mike Baranski  2) Francesco Veronesi - Texas 3, 4) Birdfilms - Texas


Vireo, Black-whiskered   Vireo altiloquus  Found: The Americas
Similar to: Red-eyed Vireo, Yellow-green Vireo. All have red eyes, a dark-eye line amd white eyebrow stripe. The Red-eyed Vireo has black border above the eyebrow stripe. The Black-whiskered Vireo has a black lateral throat-stripe. The Yellow-green Vireo has the most yellow on its underparts and the smallest amount of white on its eyebrow stripe.
Image by:  Josh Noseworthy  2, 3) Jerry Oldenettel - Florida  4) Ken Schneider - Florida


Vireo, Blue-headed  Vireo solitarius   Found: North America and Central America
Similar to: Cassin's Vireo, Plumbeous Vireo. These 3 species were once considered one species: Solitary Vireo. The range of the Blue-headed Vireo, which is in the east to mid west, has very little overlap with the other 2 species. The flanks of the Plumbeous Vireo, have little or no yellow, unlike the other 2 species. The head of the Blue-headed Vireo has strong contrast with its white throat.
Image by: 1 Dominic Sherony   2)  Chephas - Quebec, Canada  3) Dick Daniels - New Hampshire


Vireo, Cassin's   Vireo cassinii  Found: North America
Similar to: Blue-headed Vireo, Plumbeous Vireo. These 3 species were once considered one species: Solitary Vireo. The range of the Blue-headed Vireo, which is in the east to mid west, has very little overlap with the other 2 species. The flanks of the Plumbeous Vireo, have little or no yellow, unlike the other 2 species. The head of the Blue-headed Vireo has strong contrast with its white throat.
Image by:1) Rick Leche - Burnaby Lake Avian Research Centre   2) Frank Lospalluto   3) Jerry Oldenettel  4)Julio Mulero - California


Vireo, Gray  Vireo vicinior   Found: North America
Similar to: Bell's Vireo. Gray Vireo has a distinct eye-ring, Bell's has a split eye-ring.
Similar to: Plumbeous Vireo. Plumbeous Vireo has a wider eye-ring than Gray Vireo. Gray Vireo found on dry, open hillsides, Plumbeous Vireo likes a treed landscape.
Image by: Mark Watson - New Mexico  Amy McAndrews - Mexico


Vireo, Hutton's    Found: North America
Similar to: Ruby-crowned Kinglet. Hutton's Vireo has thick bill; Ruby-crowned Kinglet has thin bill. Ruby-crowned Vireo has black wing-bar (behind a white bar); Hutton's Vireo does not have black wing-bar. Hutton's Vireo considerably larger than Ruby-crowned Kinglet. Both do frequent wing flicking, but the Kinglet flicks more often.
Image by: 1) Seabamirum   2) Julio Mulero - California  3) Bill Bouton - California   4) Minette Layne - Washington 


Vireo, Philadelphia Vireo philadelphicus   Found: North America
Similar to: Warbling Vireo, Both vireos have white eyebrows. The Warbling Vireo has off-white underparts which may tend to yellowish at the edges. The Philadelphia Warbler has a yellow throat; the exent of the yellow on the rest of the underbody varies with the subspecies.
Image by: 1) Brian McClure   2) William Majoros  3, 4) Dominic Sherony


Vireo, Plumbeous Vireo plumbeus  Found: North America
Similar to: Blue-headed Vireo, Cassin's Vireo. These 3 species were once considered one species: Solitary Vireo. The range of the Blue-headed Vireo, which is in the east to mid west, has very little overlap with the other 2 species. The flanks of the Plumbeous Vireo, have little or no yellow, unlike the other 2 species. The head of the Blue-headed Vireo has strong contrast with its white throat.
Similar to: Gray Vireo. Plumbeous Vireo has a wider eye-ring than Gray Vireo. Gray Vireo found on dry, open hillsides, Plumbeous Vireo likes a treed landscape.
Image by: 1) BruceCyg - Colorado  2) Jerry Oldenettel - New Mexico  3) Julio Mulero - California


Vireo, Red-eyed Vireo olivaceus   Found: The Americas
Similar to: Black-whiskered Vireo, Yellow-green Vireo. All have red eyes, a dark-eye line amd white eyebrow stripe. The Red-eyed Vireo has black border above the eyebrow stripe. The Black-whiskered Vireo has a black lateral throat-stripe. The Yellow-green Vireo has the most yellow on its underparts and the smallest amount of white on its eyebrow stripe.
Image by: 1) Kent McFarland - Vermont  2, 3) Laura Gooch - Ohio   4, 5) Dario Sanches - Brazil   6) Eugene Beckes  - Montana  7) Gary Mercier - Quebec



Vireo, Warbling Vireo gilvus   Found: The Americas
Similar to: Philadelphia Vireo, Both vireos have white eyebrows. The Warbling Vireo has off-white underparts which may tend to yellowish at the edges. The Philadelphia Warbler has a yellow throat; the exent of the yellow on the rest of the underbody varies with the subspecies.
Image by: 1) Rick Leche - burnaby lake avian research centre  2) Mark Watson - New Mexico 3) John Harrison - Mount Auburn Cemetery, Massachusetts  4)  Len Blumin - Mercuryville, California


Vireo, White-eyed  Vireo griseus  Found: North America and Central America 
The White-eyed Vireo's head and back are a grayish olive, and the underparts are white with yellow flanks. The wings and tail are dark, and there are two white wing bars on each wing. The eyes have white irises, and are surrounded by yellow spectacles.
Image by:  1) T Davis - Florida  2, 3) Kelly Azar - Pennsylvania  4) Alastair Rae - Mexico


Vireo, Yellow-green   Vireo flavoviridis  Found: The Americas
Similar to: Black-whiskered Vireo, Red-eyed Vireo. All have red eyes, a dark-eye line amd white eyebrow stripe. The Red-eyed Vireo has black border above the eyebrow stripe. The Black-whiskered Vireo has a black lateral throat-stripe. The Yellow-green Vireo has the most yellow on its underparts and the smallest amount of white on its eyebrow stripe.
Image by: 1) Bill Bouton - California  2) Maggie Smith  3) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica  4) Dick Daniels - near Penonome, Panama


Vireo, Yellow-throated Vireo flavifrons  Found: North America and Central America
Similar to: male Pine Warbler. The Yellow-throated Vireo has brighter yellow eye-ring. The Pine Warbler has streaked yellow breast and not as much white on its belly.
Similar to: Yellow-breasted Chat. Yellow-throated Vireo has yellow eye-rings and wingbars; Yellow-breasted Chat has white eye-rings and no wingbars
Image by: 1) Seabrook Leckie  2) Mdf - Ontario  3( Matt Tillett - Maryland  4) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica  5) Dominic Sherony  6, 7) Dick Daniels - Panama (identified by Matt Janson)



Genus Vireolanius

Vireo, Green Shrike-  Vireolanius pulchellus  Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2) Dominic Sherony




Vireos are the Erphonis closest relative, but it is debateable whether or not they are in the Vireonidae family.

Genus Erpornis - 1 species

Erpornis, White-bellied also White-bellied Yuhina Erpornis zantholeuca   Found: Asia
Image by PeiWen Chang





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