TROGONs

Order Trogoniformes 
- 1 family    Family Trogonidae


The trogons and quetzals are birds in the order Trogoniformes which contains only one family, the Trogonidae. The word "trogon" is Greek for "nibbling" and refers to the fact that these birds gnaw holes in trees to make their nests. They feed on insects and fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. Although their flight is fast, they are reluctant to fly any distance. Trogons have soft, often colourful, feathers with distinctive male and female plumage.

The majority of trogons are birds of tropical and subtropical forests. They have a cosmopolitan distribution in the worlds wet tropics, being found in the Americas, Africa and Asia. A few species are distributed into the temperate zone, with one species, the Elegant Trogon, reaching the south of the United States.


Trogon, Narina  Apaloderma narina  Found: Africa
The Narina Trogon green upperparts; white fringe on tail; red underparts; orange bill.
Image by: 1, 2)  Joseph Mochoge - Gilgil, Kenya  3) Peter Steward - Kenya
1, 2) Female


Genus Euptilotis - 1 species

Trogon, Eared also Eared Quetzal   Euptilotis neoxenus  Found: Arizona, Mexico
The Eared Trogon has iridescent green back, iridescent dark blue central tail feathers, and outer tail feathers that are predominantly white. The bill is dull gray with a slightly darker band at the tip. The head and bill appear rather small and narrow in comparison to those of typical trogons.The adult male has a blackish head, iridescent green breast, and red belly and undertail coverts. The adult female has a gray head, breast, and upper belly and less extensive red on the lower belly.
Image by: Jerry Oldenettel - Arizona



Genus Harpactes

Trogon, Red-headed  Harpactes erythrocephalus  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) JJ Harrison in Thailand  2) Frank Monnerjahn



Genus Pharomachrus

Quetzal, Resplendent Pharomachrus mocinnoFound: South America
The Resplendent Quetzal has a green body (showing iridescence from green-gold to blue-violet) and red breast. The green upper tail coverts hide their tails and in breeding males are particularly splendid, being longer than the rest of the body. The primary wing coverts are also unusually long. The male has a helmet-like crest. The bill, which is partly covered by green feathers, is yellow in mature males and black in females.
Image by plexycolor




Genus Priotelus


Trogon, Cuban  Priotelus temnurus  Found: Cuba
The Cuban Trogon is very colorful with a green back, blue crown, red belly and beak, and white throat and chest. It has a long fluffy tail which is very unique amongst trogons.
Image by:  1) Laura Gooch  - Camagüey Province, Cuba  2) Blake Maybank  3) Dominic Sherony



Genus Trogon
Trogons have distinctive male and female plumages, with soft, often colourful, feathers.

Trogon, Black-tailed Trogon melanuru  Found: South America
Image by:  1) Cláudio Timm - the Amazon, Brazil  2) Brian Ralphs


Trogon, Black-throated  Trogon rufus Found: South America
The Black-throated Trogon has a yellow bill The wing coverts are vermiculated with black and white, but appear gray at a distance. The male has a green head, upper breast and back, black face and throat, and golden yellow belly. The female has a brown head, upper breast and back, rufous upper tail and yellow belly.
Image by: 1, 2) Frank Vassen  3) Jerry_Oldenettel - Costa Rica  4) Michelle Reback - Costa Rica


Trogan, Collared  Trogon collaris  Found: South America
The male Collared Trogon has a green back, head, and breast. There is a white line separating the breast from the red underparts. The undertail is white with black barring, and the wings are black, vermiculated with white. The female has a brown back, head and breast, a relatively uniform undertail (not clearly barred), and underparts that are slightly paler than in the male.
Image by: 1) Dominic Sherony 2) New Jersy Birds


Trogon, Elegant   Trogon elegans  Found: North America and Central America
The Elegant Trogon has a white undertail with fine horizontal black barring. It has a yellow bill and a white horizontal breast stripe. The male has a metallic deep green head, upper breast and back, black face and throat, and red-orange lower breast and belly. The female has a metallic bronze head, upper breast, back, and upper tail. She shows a dull white upper belly, and a small white vertical stripe behind the eye.
Image by: 1. 2. 3 Dominic Sherony
1, 2) Male  3) Female


Trogon, Gartered  Trogon caligatus   Found: Central and Soutn America
The male Gartered Trogon has a blue head and upper breast, a green back which becomes bluer on the rump. A faint white line separates the breast from the orange-yellow underparts. The undertail is white with black barring, and the wings are black, vermiculated with white. It has a yellow eye-ring. The female resembles the male, but has a dark gray back, head and breast, and an incomplete white eye-ring.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dominic Sherony - Honduras


Trogon, Green-backed  Trogon viridis  Found: South America
The male Green-backed Trogon has a dark blue (blackish in poor light) head and upper breast The back is green. The lower underparts are orange yellow. The wings are black, vermiculated with white. The undertail is black and white. It has a pale blue eye-ring. The female resembles the male, but has a gray back, head and breast.
Image at the National Aviary by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels  4) Sandy Cole


Trogon, Masked   Trogon personatus  Found: South America
The male Masked Trogon has variously colored upperparts, head and upper chest depending on the subspecies. The belly and lower breast are red; the latter separated from the greenish upper chest by a narrow white band. It has a distinct eye-ring, in most subspecies. The female is brown above, with a pinkish to red belly and breast; the white band separating brown and red on her underside is often either narrow or obscured. It has a partial white eye-ring.
Image by: 1) Santiago Bejarano   2) Rogier Klappe - Columbia


Trogon, Orange-bellied Trogon aurantiventris    Found: South America
Image by; 1) Michael Woodruff


Trogon, Slaty-tailed  Trogon massena  Found: Central America and South America
The slaty-tailed Trogon has a uniformly dark gray tail and wing coverts. It has a red belly. The male Slaty-tailed Trogon has a green back, head and breast, and orange bill. The female has a dark gray back, head and breast. The bill is partially orange bill, most of the upper mandible being black.
Image by:  1) Dominic Sherony - Panama  2) John Norton   3)   Len Blumin - Costa Rica
2, 3) Male


Trogon, Surucua  Trogon surrucura  Found: South America
Image by: 1) Cláudio Timm - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil  2, 3) Dario Sanches - Brazil


Trogon, Violaceous also Guianan Trogon  Trogon violaceus  Found: South America
The male Violaceous Trogon head and upper breast are blue. The back is green, becoming bluer on the rump. A faint white line separates the breast from the orange yellow underparts. The undertail is white with black barring. The eye-ring is yellow. The female Violaceous Trogon resembles the male, but has a dark gray back, head and breast, and an incomplete white eye-ring.
Image by:  1)  Image by Frank Vassen - Costa Rica    2, 3, 4) Dick Daniels - Soberania National Park, Panama
1, 2) Female  3, 4) Male





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