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TITS

Order Passeriformes    Family Paridae

The tits are a widespread family of birds, occurring over most of Europe, Asia, North America and Africa. They are active, noisy and social birds. The tits make a variety of calls and songs. Quiet calls are made while feeding to facilitate cohesion with others in their social group. Other calls are used for signalling alarm—the most famous of which is the "Chic-a-dee-dee" of North American. The number of "dee" syllables at the end of the call increases with the level of danger the predator poses.

The tits are generalist insectivores that consume a wide range of small insects and other invertebrates, particularly small defoliating caterpillars. They also consume seeds and nuts, especially in the winter. One characteristic method of foraging in the family is hanging, where they will inspect a branch or twig and leaves from all angles while hanging upside down to feed.


Genus Baeolophus

Titmouse, Black-crested
also Mexican Titmouse Baeolophus atricristatus Found: Texas, Mexico
The Black-crested Titmous has gray upperparts; rusty flanks; whitish underparts. Male has long dark crest; female crest not as dark.
Similar to: Tufted Titmouse. The Black-crested Titmouse is considered by some to be a subspecies of the Tufted Titmouse.
Image by: 1) Alan D Wilson  2) Dan Pancamo - Texas  3) Charlie Westerinen - Texas


Titmouse, Bridled  Baeolophus wollweberi  Found: North America
The Bridled Titmouse has grey upperparts and white underparts with a white face with black striping, a grey crest, a black throat, and a short stout bill.
Image by: 1, 2) Karla Kishinami - Arizona  3) Alan D Wilson


Titmouse, Juniper  Baeolophus ridgwayi  Found: North America
The Juniper Titmouse has gray upperparts; lighter gray underparts; small gray crest.
Similar to: Oak Titmouse. The Oak Titmouse and Juniper Titmouse appear almost identical, but differ in voice as well as range. Ranges overlap only in a small area in California.
Image by: 1) Tony Randell  2) Seabamirum - Arizona  3) J N Stuart - Nevada


Titmouse, Oak  Baeolophus inornatus  Found: North America
The Oak Titmouse has gray upperparts; lighter gray underparts; small gray crest.
Similar to Bushtit. Oak Titmouse has a crest on its head. Oak Titmouse back is same color as head, Bushtit's head is different color.
Similar to: Juniper Titmouse. The Oak Titmouse and Juniper Titmouse appear almost identical, but differ in voice as well as range. Ranges overlap only in a small area in California.
Image by: 1) Alan Vernon - California  2) Gary Kramer, USFWS  3)  Doug Greenberg - California   4) Velo Steve   5, 6) Charlie Westerinen - Anderson Marsh near Clear Lake in Northern CA
1) Fledgling 



Titmouse, Tufted Baeolophus bicolor   Found: North America
The Tufted Titmouse has gray upperparts; white underparts, face; gray crest; dark forehead; stout bill; rust colored flanks.
Similar to: Black-crested Titmouse. The Black-crested Titmouse is still considered by some to be a subspecies of the Tufted Titmouse.
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6) Dick Daniels - North Carolina  




Genus Cephalopyrus - 1 species

Tit, Fire-capped   Cephalopyrus flammiceps  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Haller1962  2) John Gould



Genus Cyanistes

Tit, African Blue  Cyanistes teneriffae  Found: northern Africa, Canary Islands
The African Blue Tit has blue cap, wings, tail; white face; black eye-line; yellowish underparts.
Similar to: Eurasian Blue Tit. African Blue Tit previous subspecies of Eurasian Blue Tit. Ranges do not overlap.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Juan Emilio - Canary Islands  4) Philippe Guillaume
1- 3) Cyanistes teneriffae hedwigae  4) C. t. teneriffae


Tit, Azure  Cyanistes cyanus  Found: Russia, central Asia
The Azure Tit has blue upperparts, upper-tail; white wing-bars; white head, underparts; dark eye-line.
Image by: 1) Vincent van der Spek - Krygyzstan  2, 3) Sergey Pisarevskiy - South Siberia, Russia


Tit, Eurasian Blue  also  Blue Tit  Cyanistes caeruleus  also  Parus caeruleus  Found: Europe, Asia
The Eurasian Blue Tit has blue cap, wings, tail; yellow-green mantle; white face; black eye-line; yellowish underparts.
Similar to: African Blue Tit. African Blue Tit previous subspecies of Eurasian Blue Tit. Ranges do not overlap.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - England  2) Tapio Kaisla  3) Andreas  Trepte  4) Maximilian  Dorsch  5) Andre Karwath  6) Cristiano Crolle - Palude Brabbia, Italy  7) Luc Viatour
1) Fledgling



Tit, Yellow-breasted  Cyanistes flavipectus  Found: Asia
The Yellow-breasted Tit has blue upperparts; off-white head with dark eye-line; yellow-breast; off-white belly with black center line.
Image by: 1, 2) Francesco Veronesi - Uzbekistan



Genus Lophophanes

Tit, Crested  Lophophanes cristatus  Found: Europe
Image by:  1) Tapio Kaisla   2, 3)  Luc Viatour (CC BY-SA 3.0)  4) Cristiano Crolle - Val Roseg, Switzerland   5) Sgbeer 


Tit, Gray-crested  Lophophanes dichrous  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) J M Garg  2) soumyajit_nandy



Genus Melanochlora - 1 species

Tit, Sultan  Melanochlora sultanea  Found: Asia
The Sultan Tit has blue black upperparts, face, breast; yellow crown, forehead, crest, belly.
Image by:  1, 2) Hiyashi Haka  3) Jerry Oldenettel - Thailand



Genus Melaniparus
These tits are from Africa and most have dark plumage.

Tit, Ashy Melaniparus cinerascens Found: Africa
The Ashy Tit has gray upperparts, belly; black head with white stripe below eye; black throat, bib; upper-tail.
Similar to: Gray Tit. Ashy Tit has darker underparts than Gray Tit.
Image by: 1) Haller1962  2) John Gerrard Keulemans 3) Linda Bushman - Namibia


Tit, Carp's Melaniparus carpi  Found: Angola, Namibia
Image by: 1) Haller1962  2, 3) Jerry Oldenettel - Namibia 4) Fokko van der Woude - Namibia


Tit, Dusky Melaniparus funereus  Found: Africa
The Dusky Tit has slate-gray plumage.
Image by: 1) Haller1962  2) John Gerrard Keulemans 3) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya 4) Steve Garvie - Kenya


Tit, Gray Melaniparus afer   Found: Africa
The Gray Tit has gray upperparts; lighter gray belly; black head with white stripe below eye; black throat, bib; upper-tail.
Similar to: Ashy Tit. Ashy Tit has darker underparts than Gray Tit.
Similar to: Stripe-breasted Tit. Gray Tit has white striped head; Stripe-breasted Tit has all black head.
Image by: 1) Haller1962  2, 3) Alan Manson - South Africa  4) Francesco Veronesi


Tit,_Miombo  Melaniparus griseiventris  Found: Africa
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Nigel_Voaden - DR Congo


Tit, Red-throated Melaniparus fringillinus  Found: Kenya, Tanzania
Image by: 1) Dave Curtis - Kenya  2) Bob Martinka


Tit,_Rufous-bellied  Melaniparus rufiventris  Found: Africa
The Rufous-bellied Tit has gray upperparts; black head, breast, wings, tail; rufous belly.
Image by: 1) Haller1962  2) Nigel_Voaden - DR Congo  3) Peter_Steward - Malawi


Tit, Somali  also  Acacia Tit  Melaniparus thruppi  Found: central Africa
Image by: John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Kristian Svensson


Tit, Southern Black  also  Black Tit  Melaniparus niger  Found: Botswana, South Africa, Zimbabwe
The male Southern Black Tit has bluish-black plumage with white on the wings; female is grayish with white on wings.
Image by: 1) Haller1962  2) Franceso Veronesi  3) Ron Knight  4) Lip Kee


Tit, Stripe-breasted  Melaniparus fasciiventer  Found: Africa
The Gray Tit has gray upperparts; lighter gray belly; black head; black throat, breast-stripel.
Similar to: Gray Tit. Gray Tit has white striped head; Stripe-breasted Tit has all black head.
Image by: 1) Haller1962  2) Kristian Svennson - Uganda


Tit,_White-backed_Black-  Melaniparus leuconotus  Found: Eritrea, Ehtiopia
Image by: 1) Haller1962  2) Tommy_Pedersen - Ethiopia


Tit, White-bellied Melaniparus albiventris  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Haller1962  2) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya 3) Peter Steward - Kenya 4) Joseph Mochoge - Kenya


Tit,_White-shouldered (Black-)  Melaniparus guineensis Found: Africa
The White-shouldered Tit has mainly black plumage; white wing patch; pale eyes.
Similar to: White-winged Black-Tit. White-shouldered Black-Tit has pale eyes; White-winged Black-Tit has dark eyes.
Image by: 1) Haller1962  2) Allan_Hopkins - Gambia


Tit,_White-winged_Black-  Melaniparus leucomelas  Found: Africa
The White-winged Tit has mainly black plumage; white wing patch; dark eyes.
Similar to: White-shouldered Black-Tit. White-shouldered Black-Tit has pale eyes; White-winged Black-Tit has dark eyes.
Image by: 1) Haller1962  2) Sergey_Volkov  3) Peter_Wilton



Genus Parus
These tits are found in Asia

Tit, Himalayan Black-lored  Parus xanthogenys  Found: Asia
The Himalayan Black-lored Tit has olive-green upperparts; broad black line down its otherwise yellow underparts; black crest, nape throat; bold black eye-line; yellow cheeks; 2 white or yellowish wing-bars. The Himalayan Black-lored Tit and the Indian Black-lored Tit were previous consider as one species - the Black-lored Tit.
Image by: 1, 2) Lip Kee Yap - Bandipur, Nepal


Tit,_Cinereous   Parus cinereus  Found: southern Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia
The Cinereous Tit has gray upperparts; black hood, throat; white cheek; white wing-bar; white underparts.
Image by: 1) Raju Kasambe


Tit, Great Parus major   Found: Europe, Asia
The Great Tit has olive upperparts; yellow underparts; black head, neck, chest stripe; white face.
Image by: 1) Jacques Chibret  2) Andreas Trepte  3) Slawomir Staszczuk  4) Dick Daniels - Scotland    5) Cristiano Crolle - Cesano Maderno


Tit, Green-backed  Parus monticolus  Found: Asia
The Green-backed Tit has a green back; black head, neck; yellow to lime underparts; broad black vertical stripe on underparts; white face patch.
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi - Bhutan  2, 3) Hiyashi Haka


Tit, Himalayan Black-lored  Parus xanthogenys  Found: Asia
The Himalayan Black-lored Tit has olive-green upperparts; broad black line down its otherwise yellow underparts; black crest, nape throat; bold black eye-line; yellow cheeks; 2 white or yellowish wing-bars. The Himalayan Black-lored Tit and the Indian Black-lored Tit were previous consider as one species - the Black-lored Tit.
Image by: 1, 2) Lip Kee Yap - Bandipur, Nepal


Tit, Indian Black-lored  Parus aplonotus  Found: India
The Indian Black-lored Tit has olive-green upperparts; broad black line down its otherwise yellow underparts; black crest, neck throat; yellow cheeks; 2 white or yellowish wing-bars. The Himalayan Black-lored Tit and the Indian Black-lored Tit were previous consider as one species - the Black-lored Tit.
Image by: 1) Sergey Yeliseev  2) Tarique San
1) Female  2) Male


Tit, Japanese  Parus minor  Found: far east Russia, Japan
Image by: 1) Lip Kee Yap - Minoo, Osalso, Japan  2) Alpsdake - Japan


Tit, Varied    Parus varius  also  Cyanistes varius  Found: Asia
The Varied Tit has black crown, nape, throat, upper-breast, bill; whiter streak down center of crown; white forehead, face, cheeks; bluish-gray back, wings; tail; chestnut mantle, lower breast, belly.
Image by:  1) Alpsdake  2) Hiyashi Haka  3) M Nishimura   


Tit, White-fronted  Parus semilarvatus  Found: Philippines
The White-fronted Tit has mainly glossy black plumage; white forehead, cheek.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Kuelemans  2) Pete_Morris


Tit, White-naped  also  White-winged Tit  Parus nuchalis  Found: India
The White-naped Tit has black-and-white plumage.  Black upperparts with white wings; narrow black nape surrounded by white; white cheeks, underparts; black chin, throat, stripe down underparts.
Image by: 1) Bio Diversity Library  2, 3) Tarique Sani


Tit, Yellow  Parus holsti  Found: Taiwan
Image by:  1, 3) Hiyashi Halso  2) Robert tdc


Tit, Yellow-cheeked  Parus spilonotus  Found: Asia
The Yellow-cheeked Tit has black-and-white upperparts; yellow cheeks; black crest, throat, breast; black eye-line.
Image by: 1) Ron Knight  2) Ron Hodgkinson  3) ) Francesco Veronesi



Genus Periparus

Tit, Black-crested  also  Spot-winged Tit  Periparus melanolophus  also  Periparus ater melanolophus  Found: Asia
The Black-crested Tit has mainly gray plumage; black head, crest; white cheeks; rufous wing-patch..
Similar to: Coal Tit. It is found in India and nearby countries. The Black-crested Tit also consider subspecies of the Coal Tit with which it may hybridize.  Black-crested Tit has gray underparts; Coal Tit has white underparts.
Similar to: Rufous-vented Tit. Rufous-vented Tit has lighter underparts than Black-crested Tit and also has a rufous-vent.
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Allan Hopkins  3) JM Garg - India


Tit, Coal Periparus ater   Found: Europe, Asia, Africa (northern)
The Coal Tit has gray upperparts; black head, throat; white underparts, nape, cheeks.
Similar to: Black-crested Tit. It is found in India and nearby countries. The Black-crested Tit also consider subspecies of the Coal Tit with which it may hybridize.  Black-crested Tit has gray underparts; Coal Tit has white underparts.
Image by: 1) Aviceda - Princetown, Devon, England   2) Stawomir Staszczuk  3) Dick Daniels  - Great Britain  4) Cristiano Crolle - Val Roseg, Switzerland


Tit, Elegant  Periparus elegans  also  Pardaliparus elegans Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) Neon Rosell


Tit,_Palawan  Periparus amabilis  Found: Philippines
The Palawan has black head, throat, neck; yellow back, underparts; black-and-white wings, tail. Female has olive back but otherwise similar to male.
Image by: 1) Markaharper  2) Devon_Pike


Tit, Rufous-naped  also  Black-breasted Tit  Periparus rufonuchalis  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) JM Garg - India


Tit, Rufous-vented  Periparus rubidiventris  Found: Asia
The Rufous-vented Tit has mainly gray upperparts; lighter underparts; rufous vent; black head with white cheeks; black crest, bib.
Similar to: Black-crested Tit. Rufous-vented Tit has lighter underparts than Black-crested Tit and also has a rufous-vent.
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Dave Irving


Tit, Yellow-bellied  Periparus venustulus  also  Pardaliparus venustulus  Found: China
The Yellow-bellied Tit has a black head with white cheeks; black throat; yellow underparts.
Image by: 1) John Gould   2) Chong Ka



Genus Poecile

Chickadee, Black-capped
Poecile atricapillus   Found: north USA, south Canada
The Black-capped Chickadee has gray upperparts; black cap, throat; white face, underparts; rusty brown flanks.
Similar to: Carolina Chickadee. Location is the best identifier. Black-capped Chickadee's wing feathers have white edges that are larger and more conspicuous than those of the Carolina Chickadee.
Similar to Mexican Chickadee. Their ranges do not overlap.
Image by: 1) Keith - Delaware  2) Tattoed Dreamer - Minnesota  3)Brendan Lally - British Columbia   4) Mdf - Algonquin Provincial Park, Canada 5) Alan D Wilson - British Columbia  6) Dick Daniels - New Hampshire    7) Dick - Olympia, Washington



Chickadee, Boreal  Poecile hudsonicus  Found: north USA, Canada
The Boreal Chickadee has gray-brown upperparts; brown cap; grayish wings, tail; gray face with white on the sides; white underparts; brown flanks; black face.
Similar to: Gray-headed Chickadee. Gray-headed Chickadee has a grayish brown head; Boreal Chickadee has a brown head. Their ranges overlap only in Alaska and northwest Canada.
Image by: 1, 2) David Mitchell  3) pbonenfant 


Chickadee, Carolina Poecile carolinensis   Found: southeast USA.
The Carolina Chickadee has gray upperparts; black cap, throat; white face, underparts; rusty brown flanks.
Similar to: Black-capped Chickadee. Location is the best identifier. Black-capped Chickadee's wing feathers have white edges that are larger and more conspicuous than those of the Carolina Chickadee.
Similar to Mexican Chickadee. Their ranges do not overlap.
Image by:   1) Norm Townsend - Oklahoma  2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9) DIck Daniels - North Carolina   7) Dick - South Carolina




Chickadee, Chestnut-backed   Poecile rufescens   Found: west North America
Its chestnut colored back and flanks  easily differentiates this species from other chickadees. The amount of chestnut on its sides varies; those in coastal California may have no chestnut on their sides. It has blackish-brown head with white face; white underparts.
Image by:  1, 2) Elaine R Wilson  Campbell Valley Regional Park, Langley, British Columbia  3) Eugene Beckes  4) Dan Hutcheson - California  5) Maggie Smith - California  6) Charlie Westerinen - California



Chickadee, Gray-headed also Siberian Tit  Poecile cinctus  Found: northwest North America, Scandinvaian Europe, Asia
The Boreal Chickadee has a dark grayish-brown head with white cheeks; brown mantle; blackish wing feathers with pale fringes; black throat
Similar to: Boreal Chickadee. Gray-headed Chickadee has a grayish brown head; Boreal Chickadee has a brown head. Their ranges overlap only in Alaska and northwest Canada.
Image by: 1) Estormiz - Kittilä, Finland  2,  3) Sergey Yeliseev - Altai, Russia  4) Crotach - Finland


Chickadee, Mexican  Poecile sclateri  Found: southwest North America, Mexico
The Mexican Chickadee has black cap, throat, bill; white cheeks; gray back, flanks; paler underparts.
Similar to: Black-capped Chickadee, Carolina Chickadee. The range of the Mexican Chickadee does not overlap with these other two species.
Image by: 1) Pablo Leautard - Mexico  2) Marcel Holyoak - southeast Arizona


Chickadee, Mountain Poecile gambeli   Found: west USA, west Canada
Its white eyebrows differentiate this chickadee from other species, except the white eyebrow may require closer inspection for worn adults.
Similar to: White-browed Tit.  Mountain Chickadee and White-browed Tit both have white superciliums. but their ranges do not overlap.
Image by:  1) Jessi Bryan - Washington   2, 3) Jerry Oldenettel - New Mexico   4) Alan D Wilson  - Oregon   5) Charlie Westerinen   6) Dick Daniels - Wyoming



Tit,_Black-bibbed  Poecile hypermelaenus also Parus hypermelaenus Found: eastern China to southeast Tibet and western Myanmar
Image by: 1) Gustav_Mutzel  2) James Eaton


Tit, Marsh  Poecile palustris  Found: Europe, Asia
The Marsh Tit has a black crown, nape, chin; pale cheeks;  brown back; grayish-brown wings, tail.
Similar to: Willow Tit. The Willow Tit is found more often in conifers than the Marsh Tit. Marsh Tit usually has browner upperparts. Voice also can be used for identification.
Image by: 1) Steffen Hannert  2) Luc Viatour   3) Slawomir Staszczuk  4) Cristiano Crolle - Cesano Maderno, Italy


Tit,_Pere_David's  Poecile davidi  Found: China
The Pere David's Tit has upperparts; black head, throat; white cheeks; rusty-brown underparts.
Image by: 1) Gustav_Mutzel  2) Summer_Wong


Tit, Sombre  Poecile lugubris  Found: southeast Europe, southwest Asia
Image by: 1) Steve Raill - Bulgalia  2) Thomas Paoletti


Tit, Songar  Poecile songarus  Found: southeast Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and northern China.
The Songar Tit has light brown upperparts; dark brown cap; blackish chin; white cheeks; cinnamon buff ujnderparts.
Similar to: Willow Tit. The Songar Tit is the southern counterpart of the WiIlow Tit.
Image by: 1, 2) Sergey Yeliseev - Kazakhstan


Tit, White-browed  Poecile superciliosus  Found: southwestern China
The White-browed Tit has a black cap; white supercilium; black eye-line, chin; pale rusty brown cheeks, breast.
Similar to: Mountain Chickadee.  Mountain Chickadee and White-browed Tit both have white superciliums. but their ranges do not overlap.
Image by: 1) Chong Ka - Tibet  2) Yann_Muzika


Tit, Willow  Poecile montanus  Found: Europe, Asia
The Willow Tit has a sooty-brown cap, nape, chin; pale cheeks; grayish-brown back, wings, tail.
Similar to: Marsh Tit. The Willow Tit is found more often in conifers than the Marsh Tit. Marsh Tit usually has browner upperparts. Voice also can be used for identification.
Similar to: Songar Tit. The Songar Tit is the southern counterpart of the WiIlow Tit.
Image by: 1) Tapio_Kaisla   2) Marek Szczepanek  3) Baresi Franco  4) Cristiano Crolle - Val Roseg,Switzerland



Genus Pseudopodoces - 1 species

Tit, Ground  Pseudopodoces humilis  Found: southwest China, east India
The Ground Tit has light brown upperparts; lighter gray-brown underparts; black, legs; long down-curved black bill.
Image by: 1) Hebinocom - Tibetan plateau  2) Shui Zoe    3) Frode Falkenberg



Genus Sylviparus - 1 species

Tit, Yellow-browed  Sylviparus modestus  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi - Bhutan  2) Dave_Curtis - Myanmar





LONG-TAIL TITS

Order Passeriformes    Family Aegithalidae

The long-tail tits, also known as bushtits, are small and generally drab birds with moderately long tails. All but one of the species (American Bushtit) are found in Eurasia. They are active birds, moving almost constantly while they forage for insects in shrubs and trees. During non-breeding season, birds live in flocks. There are 11 species in this family.


Genus Aegithalos
Many of these tits are also known as bushtits. For example, the Black-throated Tit is also called the Black-throated BushTit.

Tit, Black-browed  also  Rufous-fronted Tit   Aegithalos iouschistos  Found: China, India, Nepal
The Black-browed Tit has gray upperpart; reddish-brown underparts; black mask; silver bib with black streaks.
Image by: 1) Haller1962  2) John Gould 3) Francesco Veronesi


Tit, Black-throated  Aegithalos concinnus  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Auditi the Stargazer   2) Johnny Wee   3) Hiyashi Halso  4) Robert tdc  5) Francesco Veronesi



Tit, Long-tailed  Aegithalos caudatus   Found: Europe, Asia
Image by: 1, 2) Slawek Staszczuk  3) AndreasTrepte  4) JeromeJacques  5) Cristiano Crolle  - Arese. Italy


Tit, Silver-throated  Aegithalos glaucogularis  Found: China
The Ground Tit has light brown upperparts; lighter gray-brown underparts; black, legs; long down-curved black bill.
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Dave Fletcher


Tit, Sooty  Aegithalos fuliginosus  Found: China
Image by: 1) Haller62  2) Joseph Huet 3) Jonathan_Martinez


Tit, White-cheeked  Aegithalos leucogenys  Found: Afghanistan, Kashmir region, and Pakistan
Image by: 1) Haller62  2) John Gould  3) Werner Müller - Pakistan


Tit,_White-throated  Aegithalos niveogularis  Found: India, Nepal, and Pakistan
The White-throated Tit has white forehead, bib; dark breast-band.
Image by: 1) Haller1962  2) John Gould  3) Yogish_Holla



Genus Leptopoecile
The Tit-Warblers were once consider to be placed in the Sylvidae family, but analysis of mitochondrial DNA placed it with the long-tailed tits.

Tit-Warbler, Crested  Leptopoecile elegans  Found: China
The Crested Tit-Warbler has a green tail; blue lower back; reddish face.
Image by: 1) Nick Bray  2) Dave_Curtis


Tit-Warbler, White-browed  Leptopoecile sophiae  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Ron Knight   3, 4) Sergey Yeliseev - Kazakhstan



Genus Psaltria - 1 species

Tit, Pygmy  also  Pygmy Bushtit  Psaltria exilis  Found: Indonesia (Java)

The Pygmy Tit is the smallest member of its family and the smallest species of birds on Java.
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Lip Kee



Genus Psaltriparus - 1 species

Bushtit, American also Bushtit  Psaltriparus minimus   Found: west North America, Central America
Similar to: Blue-gray Gnatcatcher. Gnatcatcher has longer bill than Bushtit. Blue-gray Gnatcatcher's back is same color as head, Bushtit's head is different color.
Similar to Oak Titmouse. Oak Titmouse has a crest on its head. Oak Titmouse back is same color as head, Bushtit's head is different color.
Image by: 1) winnu  2) Maggie Smith - California  32) eyesplash - Vancouver, Canada  4) Charlie Westerinen - California
1) Female (yellow eyes)  2, 3, 4) Male (dark eyes)





BEARDED REEDLING

Order Passeriformes    Family Panuridae

The Panuridae family has only one species, the Bearded Reedling. No other living species seems to be particularly closely related to it.

Genus Panurus - 1 species

Reedling, Bearded Panurus biarmicus   Found: Europe, Asia
The male Bearded Reedling has a bluish-gray head; black moustache, brown mantle. Female has brown head, mantlel; lacks moustache.
Image by:   1) Bob Hall  2, 5) Smudge 9000 - Kent, England  3) Luciano Giussani    4) Francesco Veronesi - Hungary
2) Female 3 - 5) Male  





PENDULINE TITS

Order Passeriformes    Family Remizidae

Except for the Verdin and Fire-capped Tit, the penduline tits make hanging nests. Their pendulous and elaborately woven nests have false entrances above the true entrance, these in turn lead to a false chamber. The true nesting chamber is accessed by the parent opening a hidden flap, entering and then closing the flap shut again, the two sides sealing with sticky spider webs. These false entrances are used to confuse potential predators and protect the eggs and nestlings.


Genus Anthoscopus
The genus is restricted to sub-Saharan Africa.

Tit, Gray Penduline-   Anthoscopus caroli   Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Alan  Manson  3) Ian White 4) Johann du Preez  5) Brian Ralphs



Tit, Mouse-colored Penduline-  Anthoscopus musculus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Dave Curtis  2) Joseph Mochoge - Gilgil, Kenya  3) Paul Donald


Tit, Southern Penduline-  also Cape Penduline-Tit  Anthoscopus minutus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1, 2) Craig Adam - South Africa  3) Alan Manson - South Africa



Genus Auriparus - 1 species

Verdin  Auriparus flaviceps  Found: Southwestern United States
Juvenile Verdin similar to: Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet, Bell's Vireo
Image by: 1) Jerry Oldenettel - New Mexico  2) Henry McLin - Arizona   3, 6) Alan D Wilson - California   4) Cletus Lee - Texas  5) Dick Daniels - Arizona 
1) Juvenile   2 - 5) Female  6, 7) Male




Genus Remiz

Penduline-tit, Chinese-  Remiz consobrinus  Found: Asia
Image by: 1, 2) Darren Bellerby - Hong Kong Wetland Park, Hong Kong


Tit, Eurasian Penduline-   Remiz pendulinus   Found: Europe, Asia
The Eurasian Penduline-Tit has brown mantle; gray head with black mask; off-white underparts.
Image by: 1) Marek Szczepanek  2) Martin Mecnarowski   3)  Alistair Rae  4) Cristiano Crolle - Adda River, Italy 5) Tomasz Przechlewski


Tit, White-crowned Penduline-  Remiz coronatus  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Sharpe  2) Francesco Veronesi - Uzbekistan  3) Sergey Yeliseev - Kazkhstan





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