HUMMINGBIRDs of South America

Order Apodiformes    Family Trochilidae

Hummingbirds are restricted to the Americas from southern Alaska to Tierra del Fuego, including the Caribbean. The majority of species occur in tropical and subtropical Central and South America. Hummingbirds are are among the smallest of birds. They can hover in mid-air by rapidly flapping their wings 12–90 times per second (depending on the species). They can also fly backwards, and are the only group of birds able to do so. They can fly at speeds exceeding 50 km/h (30 mi/h).

Hummingbirds drink nectar, a sweet liquid inside flowers. Nectar is a poor source of nutrients, so they also prey on insects and spiders, especially when feeding young. When hummingbirds feed on nectar, the bill is usually only opened slightly, allowing the tongue to dart out and into the interior of flowers. Most hummingbirds have bills that are long and straight or nearly so, but in some species the bill shape is adapted for specialized feeding. Hummingbirds do not spend all day flying, as the energy cost would be prohibitive; the majority of their activity consists simply of sitting or perching. With the exception of insects, hummingbirds while in flight have the highest metabolism of all animals, a necessity in order to support the rapid beating of their wings. Their heart rate can reach over 1000 beats per minute.


Genus Aglaeactis

Sunbeam, Shining  Aglaeactis cupripennis  Found: South America
Image by:  1) Michael Woodruff - Yanacocha Reserve, NW Ecuador   2) Bill Bouton - Peru



Genus Aglaiocercus

Sylph, Long-tailed  Aglaiocercus kingi  Found: South America
Image by:  1) Araical - Columbia  2, 3, 4) Dick Daniels - Guango Lodge, Ecuador 



Genus Amazilia

Emerald, Glittering-throated  Amazilia fimbriata  Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dario Sanches - São Paulo, Brazil


Emerald, Sapphire-spangled  Amazilia lactea  Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4) Dario Sanches in São Paulo, Brazil


Emerald, Versicolored Amazilia versicolor Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches   3) Lip Kee Yap  - Iguasu Falls, Argentina    4) Tom Friedel - Puerto Iguazú, Misiones, Argentinia


Hummingbird, Amazillia   Amazilia amazilia  Found: Peru and Ecuador
Image by: 1) Sandy Cole - Butterfly World in Florida   2) Dick Daniels - Butterfly World


Hummingbird, Blue-chested  Amazilia amabilis  Found: Central and South America
Image by:  Dominic Sherony


Hummingbird, Copper-rumped  Amazilia tobaci  Found: Caribbean and South America
Image by:  1) MeegsC - Asa Wright Nature Centre, Trinidad  2, 3) Dominic Sherony   4) Cheesy42 - Trinidad and Tobago


Hummingbird, Rufous-tailed  Amazilia tzacatl  Found: Central and South America
Image by:  1, 2, 4, 5, 6) Dick Daniels - Boquette, Panama  3) Len Blumin - Costa Rica



Hummingbird, Snowy-bellied also Snowy-breasted Hummingbird Amazilia edward  Found: Costa Rica, Panama, Columbia
Image by: 1) Dominic Sherony - Panama  2, 4) Dick, Daniels - Boquette, Panama  3) Drriss - Panama 



Genus Anthracothorax 

Mango, Black-throated  Anthracothorax nigricollis  Found: Central and South America
Image by: 1, 2)  Dario Sanches in Brazil  3) Lip Kee Yap - Iguasu Falls, Argentina  4) Tom Friedel - Puerto Iguazu, Argentina
1, 2) Female  3, 4) Male


Mango, Green-breasted  Anthracothorax prevostii  Found: Tropical South America
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5) Dick Daniels - Puerto Rico 




Genus Aphantochroa

Hummingbird, Sombre   Aphantochroa cirrochloris also Campylopterus cirrochloris  Found: Brazil
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4) Dario Sanches in São Paulo, Brazil



Genus Archilochus

Hummingbird, Ruby-throated Archilochus colubris Found: eastern North America, South America (Columbia - vagrant)
Similar to: Black-chinned Hummingbird. The range of these 2 species does not overlap much in Canada and United States, so west is probably a Black-chinned and east is probably a Ruby-throated.
Image by: 1, 3, 4) Jason Paluck  2, 5, 6, 7, 8) Dick Daniels - the Biltmore Estate in Asheville, North Carolina
1, 2) Female  3, 4) Male



Genus Boissonneaua

Coronet, Buff-tailed  Boissonneaua flavescens  Found: Central and South America
Image by: 1) Mmcnally  2, 3) Dick Daniels - Guango Lodge, Ecuador


Coronet, Chestnut-breasted  Boissonneaua matthewsii  Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4)  Dick Daniels - Guango Lodge, Ecuador   5, 8) Dominic Sherony  6) Jae - Sanctuary Lodge Hotel, Machu Picchu, Peru  7) Philipp Weigell


Coronet, Velvet Purple
Boissonneaua jardini  ]Found: Central and South America
Image by: Vince Smith - Ecuador



Genus Calliphlox

Woodstar, White-bellied  Chaetocercus mulsant  Found: South America
Image by: 1, 3) Dick Daniels - Guango Lodge, Ecuador  2) Julian Londono - Columbia  4) Bill Bouton - Guango Lodge
1, 2) Female  3, 4) Male



Genus Campylopterus

Sabrewing, Violet  Campylopterus hemileucurus  Found: South America
Image by: 1) Brian Ralphs - Tilarán, Guanacaste, Costa Rica


Sabrewing, White-tailed  Campylopterus ensipennis  Found: South America
Image by Steve Garvie



Genus Chalybura

Plumeleteer, Bronze-tailed  Chalybura urochrysia  Found: South America
Image by: Hans Hillewaert - Rara Avis near Las Horquetas, Costa Rica


Plumeleteer, White-vented  Chalybura buffonii  Found: South America 
Image by: 1) Jerry Oldenettel - Henri Pittier National Park, Venezulea  2)  Dominic Sherony   3) Francesco Verones



Genus Chlorostilbon

Emerald, Glittering-bellied  Chlorostilbon lucidus  Found: South America
Image by: 1) dFaulder - Costanera Sur Nature Reserve, Buenos Aires, Argentina  2) Marcos André    3) Saguzar  4 ) Dario Sanches in Brazil
2) Female  3) Male



Genus Chrysolampis - 1 species

Hummingbird, Ruby Topaz  Chrysolampis mosquitus  Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2) New Jersy Birds



Genus Clytolaema

Ruby, Brazilian  Clytolaema rubricauda Found:  Brazil
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4) Dario Sanches - São Paulo, Brazil
1, 2) Female  3, 4) Male



Genus Coeligena

Starfrontlet, Buff-winged  Coeligena lutetiae  Found: South America
Image by:  1, 2) Michael Woodruff - Yanacocha, Ecuador  3, 4) Dick Daniels - Guango Lodge, Ecuador
1, 2) Female 3, 4) Male



Genus Colibri

Violetear, Brown  Colibri delphinae  Found: Central and South America
Image by: 1) BBODO   2) Francesco Veronesi - Ecuador


Violetear, Green  Colibri thalassinus  Found: The Americas
The Green Violetear is shining green above with a glittering violet ear-patch on the sides of its neck. Its throat and chest are a more glittering green with a shining green belly. The tail is a metallic blue-green with bronzier central feathers and a prominent black subterminal band. The bill is black with a slight downward curve.
Image by: 1) Frank Vassen in Costa Rica    2, 3) MDF Boquete, Panama  4) Mmcnally  5, 6, 7) Dick Daniels - Boquette, Panama



Violetear, Sparkling  Colibri coruscans  Found: South America
Image by 1, 2) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo   3) Dick - Butterfly World, Florida   4) Sandy Cole - San Diego Zoo  5) Dick - Quito, Ecuador  6) Dick - Banos, Ecuador




Genus Ensifera - 1 species

Hummingbird, Sword-billed  Ensifera ensifera  Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4) Dick Daniels - Guango Lodge, Eduador 



Genus Eriocnemis

Puffleg, Glowing  Eriocnemis vestita  Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - Guango Lodge, Ecuador  3) Keith Bowers - Guango Lodge   4) Dave Curtis - Columbia


Puffleg, Golden-breasted  Eriocnemis mosquera Found: South America
Image by Michael Woodruff



Genus Eupetomena - 1 species

Hummingbird, Swallow-tailed   Eupetomena macroura  Found: South America
Image by: 1,  2 ) Dario Sanches in Brazil



Genus Eutoxeres

Sicklebill, White-tipped Eutoxeres aquila  Found: South America
Image by: Carol Foil - Panama



Genus Florisuga

Jacobin, Black  Florisuga fusca  Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches in Brazil 


Jacobin, White-necked  Florisuga mellivora  Found: South America
Image by:    1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8) Dick Daniels - Soberania National Park, Panama  9)  New Jersy Birds  





Genus Heliangelus

Sunangel, Royal  Heliangelus regalis  Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - Ecuador 


Sunangel, Tourmaline  Heliangelus exortis  Found: Columbia, Ecuador
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9) Dick Daniels - Guango Lodge, Ecuador 
1 - 5) Female  6 - 9) Male





Genus Heliodoxa

Brilliant, Fawn-breasted  Heliodoxa rubinoides  Found: South America
Image by: 1) Eric Haley  2) Dick Daniels - Guango Lodge, Ecuador  3) David Cook - Owlet Lodge, Peru


Brilliant, Green-crowned  Heliodoxa jacula  Found: South America
Image by: 1) Linda De Volder - Monteverde, Costa Rica  2, 4, 5) Brian Ralphs - Tilarán, Guanacaste, Costa Rica   4) Hans Hillewaert - Rara Avis near Las Horquetas, Costa Rica
1, 2) Male 3, 4, 5) Female




Genus Heliomaster

Starthroat, Long-billed  Heliomaster longirostris  Found: Mexico to South America
The male Long-bill Starthroat has bronze-green upperparts, a blue crown, white moustachial stripe and reddish throat. The underparts are grey shading to white on the flanks and mid-belly, and the tail is mainly black. The female is similar, but has a green crown and a purple-edged black throat.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Mike Much - Mexico


Starthroat, Plain-capped Heliomaster constantii  Found: Southwestern United States (rare), Mexico, Central America
Similar to: Magnificent Hummingbird. Magnificent Hummingbird has white spot behind the eye; Plain-capped Starthroat has dark eye-line with white above and below the line.
Image by: 1) Cephas  2) Amy McAndrews- Mexico  3, 4) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica



Genus Hylocharis

Hummingbird, Gilded  Hylocharis chrysura   Found: South America
Image by: 1) Dario Sanches in São Paulo, Brazil


Sapphire, White-chinned Hylocharis cyanus  Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches in São Paulo, Brazil
1) Male  2) Female



Genus Klais - 1 species

Hummingbird, Violet-headed  Klais guimeti  Found: Central America and northern South America
Image by Jerry Oldenettel in Costa Rica



Genus Lampornis

Mountain-gem, Purple-throated  Lampornis calolaema   Found: South America
Image by: 1) Brian Ralphs - Tilarán, Guanacaste, Costa Rica  2) Flicka - Monte Verde, Costa Rica
1, 2) Male


Mountain-gem, White-throated  Lampornis castaneoventris  Found: South America
Image by: 1, 3)  Dominic Sherony  2, 4) Mdf - Guadalupe, Panama
1, 2) Male  3, 4) Female



Genus  Lesbia

Trainbearer, Green-tailed  Lesbia nuna  Found: Central and South America
Image by Dick Daniels - Butterfly World in Florida



|Genus Leucochloris - 1 species

Hummingbird, White-throated Leucochloris albicollis  Found: South America
Image by:  1) Dario Sanches  in São Paulo, Brazil  2) Rodrigo Moraes in Monte Verde, Brazil



Genus Lophornis

Coquette, Festive  Lophornis chalybeus  Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dario Sanches in Brazil
1) Juvenile  2) Male  3) Female


Coquette, Tufted  Lophornis ornatus  Found: South America
Image by: 1) New Jersy Birds  2) Steve Garvie



Genus Metallura

Metaltail, Tyrian  Metallura tyrianthina  Found: South America
Image by: 1) Laura Gooch  2) Carol Foil - Quijos, Napo, Ecuador  3)  Dominic Sherony
1, 2) Male  3) Female



Genus Ocreatus - 1 species

Racket-tail, Booted  Ocreatus underwoodii  Found: South America
Image by: 1) Tad Bonieck - Bellavista cloudforest resort in Ecuador



Genus Phaethornis

Hermit, Green  Phaethornis guy  Found: Central and South America
Image by: 1) Dominic Sherony 


Hermit,Little  Phaethornis longuemareus  Found: South America
Image by: Dominic Sherony


Hermit, Scale-throated Phaethornis eurynome    Found: South America
Image by Dario Sanches - Brazil


Hermit, Stripe-throated  Phaethornis striigularis  Found: Central America and northwest South America
Image by Jerry Oldenettel in Costa Rica



Genus Pterophanes

Sapphirewing, Great  Pterophanes cyanopterus   Found: South America
Image by: 1) Vince Smith - Ecuador  2, 3) Jerry Oldenettel - Ecuador
1) Female  2, 3) Male



Genus Ramphodon - 1 species

Hermit, Saw-billed Ramphodon naeviuFound: Brazil
Image by: 1. 2) Dario Sanches



Genus Stephanoxis - 1 species

Plovercrest  Stephanoxis lalandi  Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dario Sanches - Campos do Jordão, Piraju, São Paulo, Brazil 



Genus Thalurania

Woodnymph, Green-crowned  Thalurania fannyi  Found: South America
Image by: 1) Michael Woodruff - Ecuador  2) Peregrinnator725 - Columbia
1) Male



Woodnymph, Violet-capped  Thalurania glaucopis  Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4) Dario Sanches - Brazil 
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Woodnymph, Violet-crowned  Thalurania colombica  Found: South America
Image by: 1) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica  2) Hans Hillewaert - Costa Rica
1) Male 2) Female






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