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Piciformes

The order Piciformes is made up of the woodpecker family Picidae plus 8 other families. Picidae make up about half of the species. In general, the Piciformes are insectivorous, but some exceptions eat mostly fruit. Nearly all Piciformes have parrot-like feet—two toes forward and two back, an arrangement that has obvious advantages for birds that spend much of their time on tree trunks. And most Piciformes do not have down feathers at any age, only true feathers. All nest in cavites.


Family Lybiidae: African Barbets

The family Lybiidae is comprised of the African barbets. They are found throughout most of sub-Saharan Africa. They are usually about 20–25 cm long, plump-looking, with large heads, and their heavy bill is fringed with bristles. They are mainly solitary birds, eating fruit, insects, and small vertebrates. They will also visit plantations and take cultivated fruit and vegetables. Fruit is eaten whole and indigestible material such as seed pits regurgitated later. African barbets are quite similar to the American barbets which also belong to Piciformes.


Genus Buccanodon - 1 species

Barbet, Bristle-nosed  Gymnobucco peli  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Ross Tsai


Barbet, Yellow-spotted  Buccanodon duchaillui  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Dave Curtis - Kenya



Genus Lybius
These barbets are found in sub-Saharan Africa

Barbet, Banded  Lybius undatus  Found: Ethopia
Image by: 1) Kris Maes


Barbet, Bearded  Lybius dubius  Found: tropical west Africa
The Bearded Barbet has black upperparts, head, tail, breast band; black throat whiskers (hence its name); red throat, upper-breast; yellow eye patch; yellow massive bill; white belly possibly with red stains.
Image by: 1) Leszek Leszczynski - Warsaw Zoo, Poland  2) Doug Janson    3) Doug Zwick - Calgary Zoo, Canada  4) Arthur Chapman - Niagara Falls Aviary, Ontario


Barbet, Black-billed  Lybius guifsobalito  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) William Swainson   2) Aviceda - Uganda


Barbet, Black-backed  Lybius minor  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Mosi Lager - Zambia


Barbet, Black-collared  Lybius torquatus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Dave Govoni - Botswana  2) Steve Evans - South Africa  3) Dick Daniels - Kruger National Park, South Africa


Barbet, Brown-breasted  Lybius melanopterus   Found: Africa 
The Brown-breasted Barbet has red forehead, face, neck; brown breast; white belly.
Image by: 1) Venk - Hamburg Zoo  2) Ken Clifton - Tanzania  3) Marie Hale - Paulton's Park, Hampshire


Barbet, Chaplin's  Lybius chaplini  Found: Zambia
Image by: Niall Perrins


Barbet, Double-toothed  Lybius bidentatus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Althepal - Uganda   2) David Cook - Uganda  3) Nathan Rupert - San Diego Zoo  4) Steve Garvie - Kenya


Barbet, Red-faced  Lybius rubrifacies  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Andrea Schieber


Barbet, White-headed  Lybius leucocephalus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) David Bygott - Tanzania  2) Ken Clifton - Kenya


Barbet, Viellot's  Lybius vieilloti  Found: Africa
The Viellot's Barbet has brown upperparts with a yellow stripe down the back; red head; red and white neck, breast; yellowish belly with dark flank spotting; thick gray bill.
Image by: 1) William Leach   2) Muchaxo - Gambia



Genus Pogoniulus
Tinkerbirds are found in Tropical Africa

Tinkerbird, Moustached  Pogoniulus leucomystax  Found: Africa
Image by:  1, 2) David Bygott - Tanzania


Tinkerbird, Red-fronted Pogoniulus pusillus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Clive Reid - Addo Elephant National Park, Eastern Cape, South Africa 2) Carol Foil - Nairobi National Park, Kenya


Tinkerbird, Western  Pogoniulus coryphaea  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Aviceda


Tinkerbird, Yellow-fronted Pogoniulus chrysoconus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Ian White - Namibia  2) Arno Meintjes  3, 4) JV Verde - Gambia 


Tinkerbird, Yellow-rumped  Pogoniulus bilineatus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Arno Meintjes  2) ChriKo - Kenya  3, 4) Nathan Rupert - San Diego Zoo    5) Graham Canny - Ethiopia  6)  Clive Reid - Zambia




Genus Stactolaema
African barbets.

Barbet, Anchieta's  Stactolaema anchietae  Found: Angola, Congo, Zambia
Image by: John Gerrard Keulemans


Barbet, Green  Stactolaema olivacea  Found: Africa
Image by: Steve Garvie - Kenya


Barbet, White-eared  Stactolaema leucotis  Found: Africa
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4) Dick Daniels - South Africa 



Genus Trachyphonus
These African barbets are more terrestrial than the other African barbets.

Barbet, d'Arnaud's Trachyphonus darnaudii   Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Yathin  2, 3) Dick Daniels - Tanzaia  4) Aftab Uzzaman - Kenya


Barbet, Crested Trachyphonus vaillantii   Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Vjosullivan  2) Arno Meintjes   3) Greg Tee    4) Dick Daniels - Kruger National Park, South Africa


Barbet, Red-and-yellow Trachyphonus erythrocephalus   Found: Africa
Image by:  1) Darren Bellerby - Jurong Bird Park, Singapore  2, 3) Trisha Shears at Cincinnati Zoo  4) Dick Daniels - Tanzaia


Barbet, Usambiro  Trachyphonus usambiro  Found: Kenya, Tanzania
Image by: Neil Strickland


Barbet, Yellow-billed  Trachyphonus purpuratus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Steve Garvie - Kenya   2) Michael and Helen Cox


Barbet, Yellow-breasted  Trachyphonus margaritatus  Found: Africa
Image by: Nicolas le Jeune



Genus Tricholaema

Barbet, Black-throated  Tricholaema melanocephala  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Ken Clifton - Tanzania


Barbet, Pied  Tricholaema leucomelas  Found: Africa 
Image by: 1, 2) Francesco Veronesi - Etosha Namibia 


Barbet, Red-fronted  Tricholaema diademata  Found: Africa
Image by: 1, 2) David Bygott - Tanzania
1) Agressive during banding!


Barbet, Spot-flanked  Tricholaema lacrymosa   Found: Africa 
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2, 3, 4) Carol Foil - Kenya





Family Megalaimidae: Asian Barbets

The family Megalaimidae is comprised of the Asian barbets. Until recently they were considered to be part of the New World barbet family, Capitonidae. They are usually plump-looking, with large heads, and their heavy bill is fringed with bristles. The Asian Barbets eat mainly fruit, but also insects.

Genus Calorhamphu - 1 species

Barbet, Brown  Calorhamphus fuliginosus  Found: India
The Brown Barbet is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, and Thailand.
Image by: 1) Lip Kee - Malaysia



Genus Megalaima


Barbet, Black-browed  also Muller's Barbet  Megalaima oorti   Found: Asia
The Black-browed Barbet has mainly green plumage; blue, yellow, and red head; black supercilium; black bill; gray-green feet. Subspecies M. o. annamensis is found in eastern Cambodia, southern Laos and south-central Vietnam; it is sometimes treated as a separate species.
Image by: 1) Robert tdc  2, 3) Hiyashi Haka


Barbet, Blue-eared  Megalaima australis  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Jerry Oldenettel - Thailand  2) Lip Kee - Thaiand


Barbet, Blue-throated   Megalaima asiatica  Found: Asia
Image by:  1) Darren Bellerby - Edward Youde Aviary, Hong Kong   2) Mdf - Kolkata, West Bengal, India
    3) Francesco Veronesi - Bhutan


Barbet, Bornean  Megalaima eximia  Found: Indonesia and Malaysia
Image by: Nicolas Le Jeune


Barbet, Brown-headed  Megalaima zeylanica  Found: India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka
The Brown-headed Barbet has green upperparts; brown head, neck, breast; yellow eye patch; light green belly; red thick bill.
Similar to: White-cheeked Barbet. Brown-headed Barbet has yellow eye-patch; White-cheeked Barbet has white face.
Image by: 1) Gaurika Wijeratne  2) Anton Croos   3) JM Garg - India


Barbet, Brown-throated  Megalaima corvina  Found: Indonesia
Image by: Nicolas Le Jeune


Barbet, Coppersmith  Megalaima haemacephala  Found: Asia
The Coppersmith Barbet has dark green upperparts; streaked underparts; red forehead; yellow eye-ring with black eye-line; yellow throat patch. It is found in the Indian Subcontinent and parts of s outheast Asia.
Image by: 1) Ravi Vaidyanathan - Mumbai  2) Auditi the Stargazer - Ahmednagar, India  3) Umang Dutt - India


Barbet, Crimson-fronted  Megalaima rubricapillus  Found: Sri Lanka, India
The Crimson-fronted Barbet has mainly green plumage; blue band on side of head and neck; black crescent behind eye. This is a small barbet.
Image by: 1) Dhammika Heenpella - Sri Lanka  2) Hafiz Issadeen - Sri Lanka


Barbet, Flame-fronted  Megalaima armillaris  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Lip Kee


Barbet. Golden-naped  Megalaima pulcherrima  Found: Indonesia, Malaysia
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans


Barbet, Golden-throated  Megalaima franklinii  Found: Asia
The Golden-throated Barbet has mainly green upperparts; yellow-green underparts. The subspecies have different head patterns. The northern (nominate) form has a red and yellow crown; black eye-line; yellow throat.
Image by: 1) Franceso Veronesi   2)) Naturelly    3) JJ Harrison - Thailand 


Barbet, Golden-whiskered  Megalaima chrysopogon  Found: southeast Asia
The Golden-whiskered Barbet has mainly green plumage; yellow whiskered cheeks.
Image by: Nicolas LeJeune


Barbet, Great  Megalaima virens  Found: Asia
The Great Barbet has mainly green upperparts; blue head; large yellow bill; green-streaked yellow belly; red vent. It is the largest Asian Barbet.
Image by: 1, 2) Darren Bellerby  3) Meghana Kulkarni - Uttarakhand, India  4) Alan Hopkins - India


Barbet, Green-eared  Megalaima faiostricta  Found: Asia
The Green-eared Barbet has green upperparts; brown head with green ear coverts; brown breast; green belly; mainly dark bill.
Similar to: Lineated Barbet. Green-eared Barbet has green ear coverts; Lineated Barbet does not.
Image by: 1) Nicolas le Jeune


Barbet, Lineated  Megalaima lineata   Found: Asia
Similar to: Green-eared Barbet. Green-eared Barbet has green ear coverts; Lineated Barbet does not. It is found in the northern parts of the Indian Subcontinent, southern foothills of the Himalayas, and parts of Bangladesh and West Bengal.
Image by: 1, 2) J. M. Garg - Kolkata, West Bengal, India  3) Charlie Westerinen - Chiang Mai ,Thailand


Barbet. Mountain  Megalaima monticola  Found: Indonesia, Malaysia
Image by: 1) Marcel Holyoak - Malaysia


Barbet, Moustached  Megalaima incognita  Found: Asia
Image by: 1, 2) Xavier Sandel


Barbet, Red-crowned  Megalaima rafflesii  Found: Asia
Image by: 1, 2) Lip Kee - Malaysia


Barbet, Red-throated  Megalaima mystacophanos  Found: Asia
The Red-throated Barbet is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, and Thailand.
Image by: 1, 2) Lip Kee   2) Marcel Holyoak  - Malaysia
1) Juvenile female


Barbet, Red-vented  Megalaima javensis  Found: southeast Asia
Image by: Huet


Barbet, White-cheeked  also Small Green Barbet  Megalaima viridis  Found: southern India
The White-cheeked Barbet has green upperparts; brown head; white cheeks with dark eye-line; light breast with grayish stripes; yellow-green belly.
Similar to: Brown-headed Barbet. Brown-headed Barbet has yellow eye-patch; White-cheeked Barbet has white face.
Image by: 1) Antony Grossy   2) J Sudheesh  3) AzadKiran


Barbet, Yellow-crowned  Megalaima henricii  Found: Asia
The Yellow-crowned Barbet has green upperparts; yellow crown, underparts; turquoise throat, undertail. It is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand.
Image by: 1 Nicolas le Jeune 2) Andrew Siani


Barbet, Yellow-fronted  Megalaima flavifrons  Found: Sri Lanka
The Yellow-fronted Barbet has mainly green plumage; blue face, throat; yellow fore-crown.
Image by:  1) Menuke de Silva  2) Lip Kee  3) Thimindu Goonatillake



Genus Psilopogon - 1 species

Barbet, Fire-tufted  Psilopogon pyrolophus  Found: Asia
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - Zoo Miami   4)  Charlie Westerinen - San Diego Zoo in California





Family Capitonidae: New World Barbets

American barbets inhabit tropical forests in Central and South America. They get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills. They are closely related to the toucans. The American barbets are plump birds, with short necks and large heads. Most species are brightly colored. Most American barbet species inhabit lowland forest. Their diet is similar to African barbets: fruit and insects. Fruit is eaten whole and indigestible material such as seed pits regurgitated later. These birds do not migrate. They nest in tree holes dug by breeding pairs. American barbets are quite similar to the African barbets which also belong to Piciformes.

Genus Capito
These barbets are found in South America with a single species extending into Panama. Males and females are different in appearance. Males have at least some black on their backs. They are primarily fruit eaters.

Barbet, Black-girdled  Capito dayi  Found: Bolivia, Brazil
Image by: 1) Gossipguy  2) Jorge Montejo - Brazil  3) Amy McAndrews - Brazil


Barbet, Black-spotted  Capito niger  Found: South America
The Black-spotted Barbet has red forehead, throat; yellowish-white supercilium extending down the back. Male has black upperparts, bill, tail, face; yellowish-white wingbar, belly; black-spotted flanks. Female has black upperparts with light edging; yellowish-white underparts with dark stripes on breast, flanks.
Similar to: Gilded Barbet. Black-spotted Barbet has light supercilium that extends down back; Gilded Barbet has no supercilium.
Image by: 1, 2) Peter Bono - Brazil
1) Female  2) Male


Barbet, Five-colored
  Capito quinticolor  Found: Columbia. Ecuador
Image by: 1) J Huet


Barbet, Gilded  Capito auratus  Found: South America
The male Gilded Barbet has a black back, face; white wingbar, lower back; a yellow crown, underparts; some subspecies have scarlet tinge to throat; belly has black streaks. Female has more heavily streaked underparts.
Similar to: Black-spotted Barbet. Black-spotted Barbet has light supercilium that extends down back; Gilded Barbet has no supercilium.
Image by: 1, 2) Patty McGann  3) Marcel Holyoak - Peru
1) Female  2, 3) Male


Barbet, Orange-fronted  Capito squamatus  Found: Ecuador, Columbia
The Orange-fronted Barbet has black upperparts, mask, tail; orange forehead; white crown, nape. Male has white underparts with yellow wash on breast. Female has black throat, breast; white belly.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans 2) Oleg Chernyshov - Ecuador
1) Female


Barbet, Scarlet-banded  Capito wallacei  Found: Peru
The Scarlet-banded Barbet has red crown, nape, breast band; white supercilium, throat; yellow belly; black wings, tail. Female has yellow shoulder stripe; male does not.
Image by: Gossipguy
1) Female


Barbet, Scarlet-crowned  Capito aurovirens  Found: South America
The Scarlet-crowned Barbet has olive upperparts, flanks; orange breast; scarlet (male) or whitish (female) crown. It is found in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.
Image by: 1, 2) Claudio Timm - Brazil
1) Female  2) Male


Barbet, Sira  Capito fitzpatricki  Found: Peru
The Sira Barbet has red crown, breast, flanks; white belly, face, supercilium; wide black eye-line; black upperparts, tail.
Image by: 1) GirlScientist


Barbet, Spot-crowned  Capito maculicoronatus  Found: Columbia, Panama
The Spot-crowned Barbet has black upperparts; spotted crown; white belly; white flanks with black stripes (and orange in Panama range); gray bill. Male has white throat, breast. Female has black throat, breast.
Image by: 1, 2) Patty McGann


Barbet, White-mantled   Capito hypoleucus  Found: Columbia
The White-mantled Barbet has blue-black upperparts with white mantle and nape; white underparts.
Image by: 1) Gossipguy  2) Columbia Travel    3) Dave Curtis 



Genus Eubucco
These American Barbets have stubby yellowish bills, green backs, yellow to the neck or underparts, and, at least in the males, red on the head. They are slightly smaller than the members of genus Capito,

Barbet, Lemon-throated  Eubucco richardsoni    Found: South America
The male Lemon-thoated Barbet has yellow bill; head black to dark red (depending on subspecies); black chin spot; yellow throat, upper breast; reddish transition area between breast and belly; pale yellow belly with green stripes. Female has green crown; black mask; gray bill, throat; yellowish upper-breast; yellow belly with green stripes.
Image by: 1) Eveha  2) Inkaterra Hotels
1) Stuffed specimen. Perhaps juvenile male.


Barbet, Red-headed  Eubucco bourcierii    Found: Central and South America
The male Red-headed Barbet has a red head, bib; black around base of bill; pale blue rear neck collar; yellow breast; pale belly with green stripes. Female has black mask, chin; blue face; yellowish breast.  It is found in Costa Rica, Panama, western Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and far northern Peru.
Similar to: Versicolored Barbet. Male Red-headed Barbet has red bib; male Versicolored Barbet does not. Female Red-headed Barbet has a black mask; female Versicolored Barbet does not.
Image by: 1, 4) Jerry Oldenettel - Ecuador, Costa Rica    2) José Loaiza - Ecuador   3) Ana Agreda - Ecuador 
1, 2) Female 3, 4) Male


Barbet, Scarlet-hooded  Eubucco tucinkae   Found: South America
Image by: 1) Claudio Timm  2) Fabrice Schmidtt - Peru


Barbet, Versicolored  Eubucco versicolor  Found: Peru, Bolivia
The male Vericolored Barbet has red crown, chin, lower breast band; blue rear neck collar; yellow breast; striped belly. Males have much geographical plumage variation. Female has blue face, throat; red lower breast band.
Similar to: Red-headed Barbet. Male Red-headed Barbet has red bib; male Versicolored Barbet does not. Female Red-headed Barbet has a black mask; female Versicolored Barbet does not.
Image by: 1) Gossupguy  2) Robert Lewis  3) James St. John 4) Jorge Montejo - Peru
1) Male (top) and female (below)  2) Male (left) and female (right)




Family Semnornithidae - 1 genus
The toucan-barbets are barbets and sometimes considered part of the Capitonidae family.

Genus Semnornis

Barbet, Prong-billed  Semnornis frantzii  Found: Costa Rica, Panama
The Prong-billed Barbet has thick gray bill; orange-brown breast.
Image by: 1) Clickor - Costa Rica  2) Andy Jones - Costa Rica


Barbet, Toucan  Semnornis ramphastinus  Found: Ecuador, Columbia
The Toucan Barbet has black crown, face; grayish-blue fore-neck; red breast; black tipped bill. Large compared to most barbets.
Image by:   1) Mmcnally - Ecuador  2) Michael Woodruff  3) David Cook - Ecuador  4) Jerry Oldenettel - Ecuador






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