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ORIOLEs, FIGBIRDs

Order Passeriformes    Family Oriolidae

The family Oriolidae is comprised of the Figbirds in the genus Sphecotheres, and the Old World Orioles in the genus Oriolus. The family is distributed across Africa, Europe, Asia, and Australia. It is not related to the New World orioles, which belong to family Icteridae.

The orioles and figbirds are medium sized passerines, around 20–30 cm in length, with the females only slightly smaller than the males. The beak is slightly curved and hooked. The plumage of most species is bright and showy, although the females often have duller plumage than the males do. Orioles are arboreal and tend to feed in the canopy. They are opportunistic omnivores, with the main components of their diet being fruit, berries, and arthropods. The nest is a deep woven cup suspended like a hammock from a branch.


Genus Oriolus

Oriole, African Golden  Oriolus auratus  Found: Africa
The African Golden Oriole has mainly yellow plumage; solid black on flight feathers and tail center. Female has much of the yellow replaced with greenish-yellow.
Image by: 1, 2) Charlie Westerinen - Zimbabwe  3)  Ahisgett - Canary Islands  4) Sandy Cole - San Diego Zoo


Oriole, Black  Oriolus hosii  Found: Borneo (Malaysia)
Image by: 1) John_Gerrard_Keulemans  2) Michelle_and_Peter_Wong


Oriole, Black-and-Crimaon  Oriolus cruentus  Found: Indonesia, Malaysia
Image by: 1) John_Gerrard_Keulemans  2) Rabbot


Oriole, Black-earedalso Buru Oriole  Oriolus bouroensis  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Michael_Poulsen


Oriole, Black-headed also African Black-headed Oriole  Oriolus larvatus Found: Africa
Image by:  1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya
    2) Jo Mur - Naboomspruit  3) Darren Bellerby - Kenya  3) Dick Daniels - Fish Eagle Lodge, Knysna Lagoon, Kenya


Oriole, Black-hooded  Oriolus xanthornus  Found: southern Asia
The male Black-hooded Oriole has mainly yellow plumage; black hood; black in wings; black tail center. Female is drabber. Has black hood; greenish underparts.
Image by:   1, 2, 3)  J. M. Garg in Kolkata, West Bengal, India


Oriole, Black-tailed also Mountain Oriole  Oriolus percivali  Found: Burundi, DR Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda
The Black-tailed Oriole has black hood, wings, upper-tail coverts; rest yellow.
Image by: 1) Francesco_Veronesi - Kenya


Oriole, Black-naped  Oriolus chinensis  Found: south Asia
The Black-naped Oriole has mainly yellow plumage; black mask continues to nape. Female has much of the yellow replaced with greenish-yellow.
Image by: 1, 3) J. M. Garg  2) Johnny Wee  4) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo
1) Juvenile


Oriole, Black-winged  Oriolus nigripennis  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) John_Gerrard_Keulemans  2) Francesco_Veronesi - Ghana


Oriole, Brown  Oriolus szalayi  Found: New Guinea
The Brown Oriole has medium-brown upperparts; paler on head; heavliy streaked with black on head; buff underparts.
Image by: 1) Jerry_Oldenettel


Oriole, Dark-throated  Oriolus xanthonotus  Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines
Image by: 1) Lip Kee - Java  2) Ramon_Quisumbing  3) Wong_Tsu_Shi 
1) Female


Oriole, Dusky-brown  Oriolus phaeochromus  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Paulo_Alves  2) Peter_Ericsson


Oriole, Ethiopian  Oriolus monacha  Found: Eritrea, Ethiopia
Image by: 1) John_Gerrard_Keulemans  2) James_St_John


Oriole, Eurasian Golden  Oriolus oriolus   Found: Europe (breeding ), Asia (nonbreeding)
The male Eurasian Golden Oriole has black and yellow plumage; thick black eye-line. Female has green upperparts; yellow underparts.
Similar to: Indian Golden Oriole. Male Indian Golden Oriole has paler red in iris and bill than Eurasian Golden Oriole. Female Indian Golden Oriole has sharper streaks on underside than Eurasian Golden Oriole.
Image by: 1) Victor_Kravichenko  1, 2, 3) J. M. Garg at Andhra Pradesh, India.
2) Juvenile  3) Female  4) Male


Oriole, Gray-collared  Oriolus forsteni  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Ron_Huff - Seram, Indonesia


Oriole, Green also Australasian Yellow Oriole  Oriolus flavocinctus  Found: Australian, New Guinea
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova  2, 3, 4) Geoff_Whalan - Northern Territory


Oriole, Green-headed  Oriolus chlorocephalus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya


Oriole, Indian Golden  Oriolus kundoo  Found: Indian subcontinent and central Asia
The male Indian Golden Oriole has black and yellow plumage; thick black eye-line. Female has green upperparts; whitish underparts with dark stripes.
Similar to: Eurasian Golden Oriole. Male Indian Golden Oriole has paler red in iris and bill than Eurasian Golden Oriole. Female Indian Golden Oriole has sharper streaks on underside than Eurasian Golden Oriole.
Image by: 1, 2) JM_Garg - India


Oriole, Isablea  Oriolus isabellae  Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) Merlijn_van_Weerd


Oriole, Maroon  Oriolus traillii  Found: India, southeast Asia
The male Maroon Oriole has mainly glossy crimson-maroon plumage; black head, neck, wings. Female has grayish-white underparts with black streaks.
Image by: 1) Jyoti_Rani_Ahlawat - India  2) Joseph Wolf 3) Ainus - Taiwan
1) Female 2, 3) Male


Oriole, Olive-backed  Oriolus sagittatus  Found: Australia, New Guinea
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova  2) Duncan McCaskill  3) David Cook  4) Charlie Westerinen - Rockhampton


Oriole, Olive-brown  also Timor Oriole  Oriolus melanotiFound: Indonesia
Image by: John Gerrard Keulemans


Oriole, Philippine  Oriolus steerii  Endemic to Philippines
The Philippine Oriole has yellowish-brown upperparts; gray throat, breast; white belly with black stripes; red bill, eyes.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Blake_Matheson


Oriole, Sao Tome  Oriolus crassirostris  Found: Sao Tome (off west coast Africa)
Image by: 1) Henrik_Gronvold  2) Alexandra
2) Juvenile


Oriole, Silver  Oriolus mellianus  Found: Cambodia, China, Thailand
Image by: 1) Wichyanan_Limparungpatthanak - Thailand  2) Thiti_Tanaree - Thailand
1) Female 2) Male


Oriole, Slender-billed  Oriolus tenuirostris  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Michael_Gillam  2) Jainy_Kuriakose
1) Juvenile


Oriole, Tanimbar  Oriolus decipiens  Found: Tanimbar Islands (Indonesia)
Image by: 1) Jon_Hornbuckle


Oriole, Western  Oriolus brachyrhynchus  Found: Central Africa
Image by: 1) John_Gerrard_Keulemans  3) Arthur Grosset



Genus Pitohui

Pitohui, Hooded  Pitohui dichrous  Found: New Guinea
The Hooded Pitohui has rufous-chesnut; upperparts; black head, neck, bib, upper-wing; chestnut-rufous remainder underparts.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Katerina_Tvardikova


Pitohui, Variable  Pitohui kirhocephalus Found: New Guinea
The Variable Pitohui dark reddish-brown upperparts; gray head, throat; ferruginous underparts.
Image by: 1, 2) Katerina_Tvardikova



Genus Sphecotheres

Figbird, Australasian also Figbird Sphecotheres vieilloti Found: Australia, Papua New Guine, Kai Islands in Indonesia
The male Australasian Figbird has olive-green or yellowish olive-green upperparts; black crown; red  facial skin; black bill with red base; gray neck, breast (nominate subspecies) or bright yellow. Female has dull brown upperparts; white underparts with strong dark streaking.
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova  2) Cyron Ray Macey 3) Dick Daniels 4) Aviceda  6) Charlie Westerinen - Tweed, Australia
2) Juvenile 3) Female 4, 5) Male


Figbird, Green also Timor Figbird Sphecotheres viridis  Found:Indonesian islands of Timor and Roti
The Green Figbird is just found on the islands of Timor and Roti, if photo was taken in Australia then it is an Australasian Figbird.
Image by: 1, 2) James_Eaton


Figbird, Water  Sphecotheres hypoleucus  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1, 2) Colin_Trainor





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