DOVEs and PIGEONs of North America

The Columbiformes order contains just one family, the Columbidae which is comprised of dove and pigeon species. They have small heads,short legs, and four unwebbed toes. All Columbiformes are monogamous. Unlike most other birds they are capable of drinking by sucking up water, without needing to tilt the head back.


Old World

Order Columbiformes    Family Columbidae


Genus Columba
The "typical" pigeons. Predominately found in Old World.

Dove, Rock also Rock Pigeon also Feral Pigeon Columba livia  Found: almost everywhere
The wild Rock Dove has pale gray plumage; 2 black wing bars. This species includes the domestic pigeon and escaped domestic pigeons have given rise to feral populations around the world.
Similar to: Band-tailed Pigeon. Band-trailed Pigeon has white stripe on nape; Rock Dove does not. Band-trailed Pigeon has yellow bill with black tip; Rock Dove does not have yellow on its bill.
Image by: 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7) Dick Daniels   2) Dick - North Carolina
1) This rock dove was Image on the cliffs of John O'Groats Scotland. The cliff residents, now scarce, are the ancestors of all domestic/feral pidgeons.  2) Feral Pigeon similar to wild rock dove.

The following subspecies are: Checkered, Pied

dark, white, white-breasted 
4) Madagascar



Genus Streptopelia
These are mainly slim, small to medium-sized species. The upperparts tend to be pale brown, and the underparts are often a shade of pink. Many have a characteristic black-and-white patch on the neck, and monotonous cooing songs.

Dove, Barbary  also  Ringneck Dove also Ringed Turtle-Dove  Streptopelia risoria  Found: Domesticated
Similar to: Eurasian Collared-Dove. The Ringed Turtle-Dove is a domesticated dove that may have descended from the Eurasian Collared-Dove.
Image by:  1) Sandy Cole - World of Birds, Africa  2) Dick Daniels - Puerto Rico  3) Dick - San Diego


Dove, Eurasian Collared- Streptopelia decaocto   Found: North America, Europe, Asia
The Eurasian Collared-Dove has gray-buff to pinkish-gray plumage; gray-buff upper-tail; dark gray under-tail; black half collar; white or yellow eye-ring; black bill; red legs.
Similar to: Ringed Turtle-Dove. The Ringed Turtle-Dove is a domesticated dove that may have descended from the Eurasian Collared-Dove.
Image by:   1, 2) Anemone Projectors - England  3)  Frank Vassen - Canary Islands    4) Ted Grussing   5) Dick Daniels - England  6) Dick - Arizona  7) Dick - New Hampshire



Dove, Spotted also Spotted Turtle Dove Streptopelia chinensis   Introduced: North America, Australia, Hawaii  Found: Asia
The Spotted Dove has a brown back (rufous spots for some subspecies)
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - Kauai, Hawaii  4) Dick - Nepal  5) Steve Garvie - Sri Lanka






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