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MANAKINS

The Pipridae family contains the manakins which are found in the American tropics. They are not related to the similarly named birds, mannikins (derived from the Dutch for 'little man'). Manakins eat fruit, berries, and some insects. They can obtain fruit while flying, and thus perhaps evolved from insect eaterss and are related to the Tyrannidiae flycatchers. Other relatives of the manakins are found in the Cotingidae family.


Genus Antilophia
Found in: South America

Manakin,_Araripe   Antilophia bokermanni   Found: east-central Brazil
The male Araripe Manakin has mainly white plumage; red crown, neck; black wings, tail. Female has olive-green plumage.
Image by: 1) Shirley  2) Rick_Elis_Simpson


Manakin, Helmeted  Antilophia galeata   Found: South America
Image by: 1, 3) Dario Sanches - Brazil   2)  Bertrando Campos  in Brazil
1) Male  2) Female  3) Juvenile



Genus Ceratopipra
Found in: mainly South America. Golden-headed Manakin also in Central America
The males in this genus have a black body with bright yellow or red head.

Manakin, Golden-headed  Ceratopipra erythrocephala  Found: tropical South America
The male Golden-headed Manakin has mainly black plumage; golden head; yellow bill; pink legs. Females have olive-green plumage; pink legs.
Image by: 1) Michel_Giraud-Audine - French Guiana  2, 3) Dick Daniels - the North Carolina Zoo 


Manakin,_Red-capped   Ceratopipra mentalis   Found: Mexico, Central America, Columbia, Peru
The male Red-capped Manakin has mainly black plumage; red head; white eye. Only red-headed manakin in Central America or in South America west of the Andes.  Female has green plumage.
Image by: 1) Nick_Athanas - Mexico  2) Reinaldo_Aguilar - Costa Rica


Manakin,_Red-headed   Ceratopipra rubrocapilla   Found: Bolivia, Brazil, Peru
The male Red-headed Manakin has mainly black plumage; red head.  Female has green plumage.
Image by: 1) Helio_Lourencini  2) Nick_Athanas  3) Claudio_D_Timm
 

Manakin,_Round-tailed  Ceratopipra chloromeros   Found: Bolivia, Brazil, Peru
The male Round-tailed Manakin has mainly black plumage; red head.  Female has olive-green plumage. They can be identified by their round tail.
Image by: 1) Marcel_Holyoak- Brazil  2) Dubi Shapiro
 

Manakin,_Scarlet-horned  Ceratopipra cornuta   Found: Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela
Image by: 1) Brendan_Ryan - Venezuela



Genus Chiroxiphia

Manakin, Blue  also  Swallow-tailed Manakin   Chiroxiphia caudata   Found: South America
The male Blue Manakin has blue body with black wings, tail; black head with red crown. Female has greenish-brown plumage.
Image by:  1,   2, 3, 5) Dario Sanches - Brazil  4) Cláudio Timm - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil 


Manakin,_Blue-backed  Chiroxiphia pareola   Found: South America
The male Blue-backed Manakin has blue body with black wings; blue tail; black head with red or yellow crown; pale orange legs. Female has olive-green upperparts; somewhat paler olive underparts.
Similar to: Yungas Manakin. The Yungas Manakin has dull dark red legs; Blue-backed Manakin has pale orange legs.
Image by: 1) William_Swainson  2) Claudio_D_Timm  3) Herr_P
1) Pair 2) Juvenile male


Manakin,_Lance-tailed Chiroxiphia lanceolata   Found: Costa Rica to northen Venezuela
The male Lance-tailed Manakin has mainly black plumage; blue mantle; red crown. Female has olive-green upperparts; paler olive underparts.
Similar to: Long-tailed Manakin. Long-tailed Manakin has longer tail than Lance-tailed Manakin. Male Long-tailed Manakin has 2 long tail feathers; Lance-tailed has 1 long tail feathers.
Image by: 1) Alejandro_Tamayo  2) Nick_Athanas  - Columbia  3) Greg_Kanies - Panama


Manakin,_Long-tailed   Chiroxiphia linearis   Found: Central America
The male Long-tailed Manakin has mainly black plumage; blue mantle; red crown; two long elongated tail feathers. Female has olive-green upperparts; paler olive underparts.
Similar to: Lance-tailed Manakin. Long-tailed Manakin has longer tail than Lance-tailed Manakin. Male Long-tailed Manakin has 2 long tail feathers; Lance-tailed has 1 long tail feathers.
Image by: 1, 2) Jorge_Montejo - Mexico  2) Stylurus - Nicaragua  4) Jerry Oldenettel


Manakin,_Yungas Chiroxiphia boliviana   Found: Bolivia, Peru
Similar to: Blue-backed Manakin. The Yungas Manakin has dull dark red legs; Blue-backed Manakin has pale orange legs.
Image by: 1) Dominic_Sherony - Peru



in Chloropipo
Found in: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru

Manakin,_Jet Chloropipo unicolor   Found: Ecuador, Peru
Image by: 1) Reserva_de_Biosfera_Sumaco


Manakin,_Yellow-headed  Chloropipo flavicapilla   Found: Columbia, Ecuador
Image by: 1) Diego_Calderon - Columbia  2) Juan_Ochoa - Columbia
1) Male



Genus Corapipo
Found in: Central America and northern South America

Manakin,_White-bibbed   Corapipo leucorrhoa   Found: northern Columbia, northwest Venezuela
The male White-bibbed Manakin has mainly glossy blue-black plumage; white throat and ruff. Female has mainly green plumage; gray throat.
The White-bibbed Manakin has been previously consider a subspecies of the White-ruffed Manakin.
Image by: 1) Diego_Calderon - Columbia  2) Nick_Athanas - Columbia


Manakin,_White-ruffed Corapipo altera   Found: eastern Honduras to northwestern Venezuela
The male White-ruffed Manakin has mainly glossy blue-black plumage; white erectile ruff on throat. Female has mainly olive-green plumage; gray throat; black legs.
The White-bibbed Manakin has been previously consider a subspecies of the White-ruffed Manakin.
Image by: 1) Nick_Athanas - Panama  2) Dave Curtis - Panama  3) Chasemendenhall - Costa Rica    4) Steve Garvie - Costa Rica
1, 2) Female 3) Juvenile Male with adult male 4) Male


Manakin,_White-throated  Corapipo gutturalis   Found: Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
The male White-throated Manakin has mainly black plumage; white throat. Its range does not overlap with the other Corapipo.
Image by: 1) Michel_Giraud-Audine  - French Guiana  2) Martinet  3) Philip_Stouffer - Brazil



Gneus Cryptopipo - 1 species

Manakin,_Green  Cryptopipo holochlora   Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru
The male White-throated Manakin has mainly black plumage; white throat. Its range does not overlap with the other Corapipo.
Image by: 1) Nick_Athanas - Ecuador  2) Aves_y_Conservacion - Ecuador



Genus Dixiphia - 1 species

Manakin,_White-crowned   Dixiphia pipra   Found: Costa Rica to Brazil
The male White-crowned Manakin has mainly black plumage; white crown. Female has mainly olive-green plumage; gray head; pale grayish-green or olive underparts.
Image by: 1, 3) Ana_Agreda - Ecuador  2) Nick_Athanas - Ecuador
1) Female 2, 3) Male



Genus Heterocercus
Found in: South America
These flame-crowned manakins are also know as flame-crested manakins; but since there is little sign of a crest, crowned is more appropriate.

Manakin,_Orange-crowned  also Orange-crested Manakin  Heterocercus aurantiivertex   Found: Ecuador, Peru
The Orange-crowned Manakin has mainly olive-green plumage; white throat. Male has orange-yellow crown patch.
Image by: 1) Don_Faulkner - Ecuador  2) Nick_Athanas - Ecuador


Manakin,_Flame-crowned  also Flame-crested Manakin   Heterocercus linteatus   Found: mainly Brazil; also Bolivia, Peru
Image by: 1) Claudio_D_Timm   2) Nick_Athanas - Brazil


Manakin,_Yellow-crowned  also Yellow-crested Manakin Heterocercus flavivertex   Found: Brazil, Columbai, southern Venezuela
Image by:  1) Nick_Athanas - Columbia  2) Hector Bottai - Brazil



Genus Lepidothrix
This genus is predominately found in South America, but one species, the blue-crowned manakin, also ranges into Central America.

Manakin,_Blue-crowned Lepidothrix coronata   Found: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, Venezuela
The male Blue-crowned Manakin has a vivid blue crown. Rest of male plumage varies by subspecies: most are black but others have lime green upperparts and yellow lower belly. Female has blue-green plumage.
Image by: 1) David_Arias - Coasta Rica  2) Nick_Athanas - Costa Rica  3) Geoff_Gallice - Ecuador
1) Female 2, 3) Male


Manakin,_Cerulean  Lepidothrix coeruleocapilla   Found: Peru
The male Cerulean Manakin has mainly black plumage; blue crown, rump. Female has green plumage with perhaps a little blue on crown.
Image by: 1) Joaquin_Ugarte - Peru  2) David_Silva


Manakin,_Golden-crowned  Lepidothrix vilasboasi   Found: Brazil
Image by: 1) Dysmorodrepanis  2) Andrew_Whittaker
1, 2) Male


Manakin,_Opal-crowned  Lepidothrix iris   Found: Brazil
Image by: 1) William_Hart  2) Arthur_Grosset
1, 2) Male


Manakin,_Orange-bellied  Lepidothrix suavissima   Found: southern Venezuela, far northern Brazil, central Guyana
The male Orange-bellied Manakin has black upperpart; white forecrown; black breast; yellow belly. Female has green upperparts; Bluish forecrown; pale yellow throat; yellow-green breast; yellow belly.
Image by: 1) John_Gerrard_Keulemans  2) Jerry_Oldenettel - Venezuela  Thiago_Laranjeiras - Venezuela 4) Joao_Quental


Manakin,_Snow-capped  Lepidothrix nattereri   Found: Bolivia, Brazil
Image by: 1) Rebecca_Houseman  2) Nick_Athanas - Brazil  3) Olivier_Barden - Brazil


Manakin,_White-fronted  Lepidothrix serena   Found: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, northeastern Brazil
Image by:   1,3) Peter_Stouffer - Brazil 2) Martinet 
1) Female 2, 3) Male


Manakin,_Blue-rumped  Lepidothrix isidorei   Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The male Blue-rumped Manakin has mainly black plumage; white crown; blue (or white) rump.
Image by: 1, 2) Aves_y_Conservacion - Ecuador  3) Nick_Athanas - Ecuador



Genus Ilicura - 1 species

Manakin,_Pin-tailed  Ilicura militaris   Found: Brazil
Image by: 1, 3) Nick_Athanas  2, 4) Dario_Sanches



Genus Machaeropterus

Manakin,_Club-winged  Machaeropterus deliciosus   Found: Columbia, Ecuador
The male Club-winged Manakin has dark maroon head, mantle, breast; red crown; black upper-wings with white-edged secondaries; white under-wings. Wing feathers special shaped to make noise when wings rapidly shaked. Female has mostly green plumage; rufous in malar region;  white on inner secondaries and under-coverts.
Image by: 1, 2) Nick_Athanas


Manakin,_Fiery-capped Machaeropterus pyrocephalus   Found: Bolivia, Brazil, Peru, Venezuela
The male Fiery=capped Manakin has rufous upperparts; olive-green tail, wings; golden cap with red median stripe; whitish underparts streaked pink.
Image by: 1) Nick_Athanas - Brazil  2) Errfil -Peru
1) Female 2) Male


Manakin,_Striped   Machaeropterus regulus   Found: Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezulea
The Striped Manakin has striped underparts. Male has red crown; female does not.The distribution is disjunct; referred to as the Eastern group and the Western group.
Image by: 1, 2) Nick_Athanas - Brazil, Columbia 3) Ronald_Fernandez - Columbia
1) Eastern (Machaeropterus regulus regulus)  2) Western (M. r. antioquiae)  3) Western (M. r. striolatus)



Genus Manacus

Manakin,_Golden-collared  Manacus vitellinus   Found: Columbia, Costa Rica, Panama
The male Golden-collared Manakin has mainly black and yellow plumage. Female is green.
Image by: 1) Ninjatacoshell  2) Nathan_Rupert - San Diego Zoo  3) Greg_Kanies - Panama  4) Nick_Athanas - Columbia


Manakin,_Orange-collared   Manacus aurantiacus   Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Panama
The male Orange-collared Manaka has black cap, lower back, wings; rest orange-yellow. Female has mainly greenish plumsge with yellowish-green underparts.
Image by: 1) John_Gerrard_Keulemans  2) Don_Faulkner - Costa Rica 3) Jerry_Oldenettel - Cosgta Rica


Manakin, White-bearded  Manacus manacus  Found: South America
The male White-bearded Manakin has black crown, upper back, wings, tail; rest plumage white; orange legs. Female has olive-green plumage; orange legs.
Image by: 1, 3, 4) Dario Sanches - São Paulo, Brazil  2) New Jersy Birds 
1) Female  2, 3, 4) Male


Manakin,_White-collared  Manacus candei  Found: Mexico, Central America
The male White-collared Manakin has black lower back, wings, tail. crown; white nape, head (except crown), breast; yellow belly, Female has mainly olive-green plumage; yellow belly.
Image by: 1) Rachel_Taylor - Costa Rica  2) Angus_McNab  3) Jose_Calvo - Costa Rica 4) Jerry Oldenettel  5) Nick_Athanas - Costa Rica
1) Juvenile  2) Female  3, 4, 5) Male



Genus Masius - 1 species

Manakin,_Golden-winged  Masius chrysopterus   Found: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
The male Golden-winged Manakin has mainly bluish-black plumage; gold color on wings; yellow crown, throat. Female has mainly green plumage with some yellow tinges on throat, belly.
Image by: 1) Nick_Athanas  2, 3) Ana_Agreda


Neopelma
Found in: Mexico to northern Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil
They are compact stubby birds with short tails, broad and rounded wings, and big heads. The bill is short and has a wide gap.

Manakin,_Pale-bellied_Tyrant   Neopelma pallescens   Found: Bolivia, Brazil
The Pale-bellied Manakin has green upperparts; pale eye-ring; pale underparts.
Image by: 1) Nick_Athanas 2) Claudio_D_Timm - Brazil  3) Hector Bottai


Manakin,_Saffron-crested_Tryant-  Neopelma chrysocephalum   Found: South America
The Saffron-crested Tryant-Manakin has saffron colored crest; yellowish underparts.
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Juan_Ramirez_Rpo


Manakin,_Wied's_Tyrant-   Neopelma aurifrons   Found: eastern Brazil
Image by: 1) Guiserpa


Manakin,_Serra_do_Mar_Tyrant-  Neopelma chrysolophum   Found: southeastern Brazil
Image by: 1) Hector_Bottai   2) Carlos_de_Almeida 3) Nick_Athanas


Manakin,_Sulphur-bellied_Tryant- Neopelma sulphureiventer   Found: Bolivia, Brazil, Peru
Image by: 1) Guy Kirwan
1) Male



Genus Pipra
Found in: northern South America
The males of this genus have red crown, neck; black upperparts. Males and females have white eyes,

Manakin,_Band-tailed   Pipra fasciicauda   Found: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Peru.
The male Band-tailed Manakin has black upperparts; red crown, nape yellow forehead, throat, underparts; white band near tail base.
Image by: 1, 2) Nick_Athanas  2) Carlos_Henrique  3) Frutos_Atrativos_do_Cerrado - Brazil


Manakin,_Crimson-hooded  Pipra aureola   Found: Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
The male Crimson-hooded Manakin has crimson head, mantle, breast; rest black.
Image by: 1) Michel_Giraud-Audine  - French Guina  2) Daderot 3) Jerry_Oldenettel - Venezuela  4) Nick_Athanas - Venezuela
1) Specimen


Manakin,_Wire-tailed   Pipra filicauda   Found: Brazil, Columbia, Peru, Ecuador
The male Wire-tailed Manakin has black upperparts; red crown, nape yellow forehead, throat ,underparts; pale long-thin tail feathers.
Image by: 1) Atravesdemisojos  2) Nick_Athanas - Ecuador 3) Joao_Quental - Brazil



Genus Piprites
Found in: Central and South America
Some place the paprites in family Papritidae.

Paprites,_Black-capped  Piprites pileata   Found: northeast Argentina, southeast Brazil
Image by: 1) Nick_Athanas - Brazil  2) Hector_Bottai - Brazil
 

Paprites,_Gray-headed Piprites griseiceps   Found: Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua
Image by: 1) Lev_Frid
 

Paprites,_Wing-barred  Piprites chloris   Found: South America
Image by: 1) Nick_Athanas - Brazil  2) Hector_Bottai - Brazil
 


Genus Tyranneutes 
Found in: South America

Manakin,_Dwarf_Tyrant- Tyranneutes stolzmanni   Found: most of the Amazon Basin
The Dwartf-Tyrant Manakin has green upperparts; pale yellowish-green underparts
Image by: 1) Don_Faulkner - Ecuador  2) Ian_Ausprey - Peru


Manakin,_Tiny_Tryant- Tyranneutes virescens   Found: northeast South America
The Tiny Manakin has green upperparts; male has some yellow on crown
Image by: 1) Hector_Bottai - Brazil



Genus Xenopipo
Found in: South America

Manakin,_Black  Xenopipo atronitens   Found: tropical South America
Image by: 1) John_Mittermeier - Suriname  2, 3) Nick_Athanas - Columbia


Manakin,_Olive  Xenopipo uniformis   Found: southeast Venezueal, northeast Brazil
Image by: 1) David_Ascanio - Venezuela



Order Passeriformes    Family Pityriaseidae

The Bornean Bristlehead , also variously known as the bristled shrike, Bald-headed Crow or the Bald-headed Wood-shrike, is the only member of the passerine family Pityriaseidae,

Genus Pityriasis - 1 species

Bristlehead,_Bornean Pityriasis gymnocephala  Found: Borneo
The Bornean Bristlebird has mainly dark gray or black plumage; red head, throat, neck; gray ear-coverts; featherless yellow crown; large black bill.
Image by: 1) Eveha - specimen









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