BIRDS of THE WORLD - An Online Bird Book
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CORACIIFORMES

The Coraciiformes are very colorful birds. The order is composed of the following families:
Bee-Eaters: Meropidae  Kingfishers: Alcedinidae   Motmots: Momotidae    Todies: Todidae
Rollers: Brachypteraciidae (Ground Rollers), Coraciidae (Rollers) , Leptosomidae (Cuckoo Roller)


KINGFISHERs of The World

Order Coraciiformes  Family Alcedinidae

Kingfishers are a group of small to medium sized brightly colored birds in the order Coraciiformes. They have a cosmopolitan distribution, with most species found outside of the Americas. The kingisher family Family Alcedinidae  is separated into three subfamilies: Alcedininae (river kingfishers), Cerylinae (water kingfishers), and Halcyoninae (tree kingfishers), There are about 110 species of kingfisher. All have large heads, long, sharp, pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. The bill is usually longer and more compressed in species that hunt fish, and shorter and more broad in species that hunt prey off the ground. Most species have bright plumage with little differences between the sexes. Most species are tropical in distribution, and a slight majority are found only in forests. They consume a wide range of prey as well as fish, usually caught by swooping down from a perch. While kingfishers are usually thought to live near rivers and eat fish, most of the kingfisher species in the world live away from water and eat small invertebrates. Like other members of their order they nest in cavities, usually tunnels dug into the natural or artificial banks in the ground.

River Kingfishers

Family Alcedinidae Subfamily Alcedininae

The river kingfishers are one of the three families of bird in the kingfisher group. The family is widespread through Africa, through east and south Asia as far as Australia, with one species, the also appearing in Europe and northern Asia. These are brightly plumaged compact birds with short tails, large heads and long bills. They feed on insects or fish, and lay white eggs in a self-excavated burrow.

Genus Alcedo
Some species that used to be in genus Alcedo have been changed to genus Ceyx

Kingfisher,_Bismarck   Alcedo websteri   Found: Papua New Guinea
The Bismarck Kingfisher natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, rivers, freshwater lakes, and freshwater marshes.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Nik_Borrow


Kingfisher, Blue-banded  Alcedo euryzona    Found: Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Thailand.
The male Blue-banded Kingfisher has white underparts with a blue breast-band; black bill. Female has white throat; rufous breast-band; black upper bill; reddish lower bill.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) wokoti  3) Mark Benedict - Borneo
1) Left: male Right: female   2) Female  3) Male


Kingfisher, Blue-eared   Alcedo meninting   Found: Indian Subcontinent and southeast Asia, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines
The Blue-eared Kingfisher has blue ear coverts; cobalt-blue upperparts; white neck blaze; rufous underparts.
Similar to: Common Kingfisher. Blue-eared Kingfisher has blue ear coverts; Common Kingfisher may have some blue near ear coverts, but not as much. Common Kingfisher has white freckles on blue head; Blue-eared Kingfisher does not have white freckles.
Image by: 1) ) David Dennis - Malaysia  2) Bernard Dupont


Kingfisher,_Blyth's  Alcedo hercules   Found: Asia
The Blyth's Kingfisher has blue back, rump, tail; rufous underparts; green face, neck, wings; white throat, lores; white patch on side of nape.
Image by: 1) Baker  2) Discovery_Times  3) Jainy_Kuriakose - India


Kingfisher, Cerulean   also   Small Blue Kingfisher   Alcedo coerulescens  Found: Asia, Indonesia
Image by: 1) Lip Kee  2) Aaron Maizlish
1) Male


Kingfisher, Common
Alcedo atthis Found: Euope, Asia, Africa, Australia
The European male subspecies Common Kingfisher has azure-blue upperparts; white freckles on azure-blue head; rufous underparts, ear patch; green-blue neck stripe; white throat, neck blaze; black bill with some red at base; red legs. Female identical exept the bill's lower mandible is orange-red with black tip. Other subspecies have a gray back
Similar to: Azure Kingfisher. Common Kingfisher has freckles on head; Azure Kingfisher doe not have head freckles.
Similar to: Blue-eared Kingfisher. Blue-eared Kingfisher has blue ear coverts; Common Kingfisher may have some blue near ear coverts, but not as much. Common Kingfisher has white freckles on blue head; Blue-eared Kingfisher does not have white freckles.
Image by:  1) Ravi Vaidyanathan  2, 3, 4) Lukasz Lukasik  5) Cristiano Crolle - Naole, Italy


Kingfisher, Half-collared  Alcedo semitorquata  Found: Africa
The Half-collared Kingfisher has blue upperparts, head; orange underparts; white throat.
Similar to: Malachite Kingfisher. Half-collared Kingfisher has blue cheeks; Malachite Kingfisher has rufous cheeks.
Image by: 1) Arno Meintjes  2) David Siu - South Africa  3) Ian White - South Africa


Kingfisher, Shining-blue  Alcedo quadribrachys   Found: Africa
The Shining-blue Kingfisher is found in much of sub-Saharan Africa as far south as Zambia
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Tom Tarrant
1) Left A. q. quadribrachys   Right A. q. guentheri



Genus Ceyx

Kingfisher, Azure  Ceyx azurea also  Alcedo azurea  Found: Australia
The Azure Kingfisher has an azure blue back, head; white spot on side of neck; rufous-buff underparts; red legs.
Similar to: Common Kingfisher. Common Kingfisher has freckles on head; Azure Kingfisher doe not have head freckles.
Image by:  1) JJ Harrison - Julatten, Queensland  2) Stephen Barnett


Kingfisher,_Buru_Dwarf- Ceyx cajeli  Found: Buru Island in Indonesia
The Buru Dwarf-Kingfisher formerly considered to be a subspecies of the Variable Dwarf-Kingfisher.
Image by: 1) Joseph_Wolf  2) Michael_Poulsen


Kingfisher,_Diomorphic_Dwarf-  Ceyx margarethae  Found: central and southern Philippines
The Diomorphic Dwarf-Kingfisher was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the Variable Dwarf-Kingfisher.
Image by: 1) Godfrey_Jakosalem  2) Ramon_Quisumbing


Kingfisher,_Guadalcanal_Dwarf-  Ceyx nigromaxilla  Found: Guadalcanal
The Guadalcanal Dwarf-Kingfisher was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the Variable Dwarf-Kingfisher.
Image by: 1) hbw.com


Kingfisher, Indigo-banded   Ceyx cyanopectus also  Alcedo cyanopectus  Found: Philippines
The male Indigo-banded Kingfisher has azure-blue upperparts; white freckles on azure-blue head; rufous underparts; rufous lores with white spot; whitish throat; white neck blaze; red legs. Male has two breast bands; female has one.
Image by: 1) Martin Alvendia  2) Francesco Veronesi 3) Llimchiu
1) Female   2, 3) Male


Kingfisher, Little  Ceyx pusilla also  Alcedo pusilla  Found: Australia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
The Little Kingfisher has blue upperparts, head, flanks; white underparts.
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova  2) JJ Harrison - Queensland 


Kingfisher,_Makira_Dwarf-  Ceyx gentianus  Found: Makira island of the Solomon Islands
The Makira Dwarf-Kingfisher was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the Variable Dwarf-Kingfisher.
Image by: 1) John_Gerrard_Keulemans  2) Tammy Davies


Kingfisher,_Malaita_Dwarf-  Ceyx malaitae  Found: Malaita island of the Solomon Islands
The Malaita Dwarf-Kingfisher was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the Variable Dwarf-Kingfisher.
Image by: 1) KU Biodiversity Institute


Kingfisher,_Manus_Dwarf-  Ceyx dispar  Found: Admiralty Islands of New Guinea
The Manus Dwarf-Kingfisher was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the Variable Dwarf-Kingfisher.
Image by: 1) hbw.com


Kingfisher,_New_Britain_Dwarf-  Ceyx sacerdotis  Found: New Britain and Umboi Island of New Guinea
The New Britain Dwarf-Kingfisher was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the Variable Dwarf-Kingfisher.
Image by: 1) Phil_Gregory


Kingfisher,_New_Georgia_Dwarf-  Ceyx collectoris  Found: west central Solomon Islands
The New Georgia Dwarf-Kingfisher was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the Variable Dwarf-Kingfisher.
Image by: 1) hbw.com


Kingfisher,_New_Ireland_Dwarf-  Ceyx mulcatus  Found: islands near New Guinea.
The New Ireland Dwarf-Kingfisher was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the Variable Dwarf-Kingfisher. It is found on New Hanover Island, New Ireland, and the Lihir Islands which are part of the Bismarck Archipelago of New Guinea.
Image by: 1) hbw.com


Kingfisher,_North_Moluccan_Dwarf- also Seram Dwarf-Kingfisher  Ceyx lepidus  Found: Indonesia
The North Moluccan Dwarf-Kingfisher was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the Variable Dwarf-Kingfisher.. C. l.epidus is found on Ambon, Ambelau, Seram, Saparua, Seram Laut, Watubela islands. Ceyx C.l.uropygiali is found on Obi, Bisa, Bacan, Ternate, Halmahera, Tidore and Morotai islands.
Image by: 1) John C. Mittermeier - Obi Island, North Moluccas, Indonesia


Kingfisher,_North_Solomons_Dwarf-  Ceyx meeki  Found: Solomon Islands
The North Solomons Dwarf-Kingfisher has yellowish underparts; dark head and wings have lighter turquoise spangling; white throat.
Image by: 1) hbw.com


Kingfisher,_Northern_Silvery   Ceyx flumenicolus   Found: Philippines
The Northern Silvery Kingfisher  and Southern Silvery Kingfisher were formerly considered conspecific and called the Silvery Kingfisher.
Image by: 1) Koel_Ko  2) Alain_Pascua
1) Juvenile


Kingfisher, Oriental Dwarf- also Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher Ceyx erithaca Found: Indian Subcontinent, southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia
The Oriental Dwarf-Kingfisher has blue-black upperparts; yellow underparts; red bill
Image by: 1) Jayson Thompson - Thailand  2) Pkhun - southern Thailand  3) Bernard Dupont - Malaysia  4) Erwin Bolwidt - Malaysia


Kingfisher,_Papuan_Dwarf-  Ceyx solitarius  Found: New Guinea
The Papuan Dwarf-Kingfisher formerly considered to be a subspecies of the Variable Dwarf-Kingfisher.
Image by: 1) Oort


Kingfisher,_Philippine_Dwarf-  Ceyx melanurus  Found: Philippines
The Philippine Dwarf-Kingfisher has lilac-rufous upperparts, head; black wings; blue and white neck patch.
Image by: 1) Bram_Demeulemeester


Kingfisher, Rufous-backed   Ceyx rufidorsa   Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Phiippines
The Rufous-backed Kingfisher has rufous back, bill; white patch on side of nape.
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi - Philippines  2) Mark Benedict


Kingfisher,_Sula_Dwarf-  Ceyx wallacii  Found: Sula Islands in Indonesia
The Sula Dwarf-Kingfisher was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the Variable Dwarf-Kingfisher.
Image by: 1) Richard_Bowdler_Sharpe


Kingfisher,_Southern_Silvery   Ceyx argentatus   Found: Philippines
The Northern Silvery Kingfisher  and Southern Silvery Kingfisher were formerly considered conspecific and called the Silvery Kingfisher.
Image by:  1, 2) Francesco Veronesi


Kingfisher, Sulawesi Dwarf-  Ceyx fallax  Found: Sulawesi Island of Indonesia
Sulawesi Dwarf-Kingfisher has numerous common names such as Celebes Forest Kingfisher, Blue-crowned Kingfisher, Celebes Dwarf-Kingfisher, and Celebes Pygmy-Kingfisher.
Image by: 1) Jason Thompson   2, 3) Francesco Veronesi  4) Ariefrahman



Genus   Corythornis also   Alcedo
These are African kingfishers

Kingfisher,_Madagascan   Corythornis madagascariensis Found: Madagascar
Image by: 1, 2) Frank Vassen - Mantadia National Park, Madagascar  3) Pat and Keith Taylor - Mantadia National Park


Kingfisher, Malachite Alcedo cristata  also  Corythornis cristatus     Found: Africa
The Malachite Kingfisher has blue upperparts; blue and black head; rufuos cheeks, underparts; white patch on throat; white patch on rear side of neck; reddish-orange bill; red legs.
Similar to: African Pygmy Kingfisher. African Pygmy Kingfisher is smaller and has violet ear swath.
Similar to: Half-collared Kingfisher. Half-collared Kingfisher has blue cheeks; Malachite Kingfisher has rufous cheeks.
Similar to: Malagasy Kingfisher. Malachite Kingfisher has reddish-orange bill; Malagasy Kingfisher has dark bill.
Image by: 1, 2) Arno Meintjes  3) Hans Hillewaert


Kingfisher, Malagasy  Alcedo vintsioides  also  Corythornis vintsioides Found: Madagascar
The Malagasy Kingfisher has blue upperparts; blue and black head; rufuos cheeks, underparts; white patch on throat; white patch on rear side of neck; dark bill with red tipl; red legs.
Similar to: Malachite Kingfisher. Malachite Kingfisher has reddish-orange bill; Malagasy Kingfisher has dark bill.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Frank Vassen - Madagascar  4, 5, 6, 7) Dick Daniels - Parc Tsarasaotra, an open bird sanctury in Antananrivo



Kingfisher, White-bellied Alcedo leucogaster  also  Corythornis leucogaster Found: Africa
The White-bellied Kingfisher occurs in parts of equatorial west Africa.
Image by: 1) Roger Peet  2) Michael Anderson



Genus Ispidina

Kingfisher, African Dwarf  Ispidina lecontei  Found: Africa
The African Dwarf Kingfisher has blue upperparts;  rufous  crown, underparts; white throat.
Similar to: African Pygmy Kingfisher. African Dwarf Kingfisher has dark blue crown; African Dwarf Kingfisher has rufous crown.
Image by: 1) Lee Hunter - Uganda  2) Mike Barth


Kingfisher, African Pygmy  Ispidina picta  also Ceyrx pictus  Found: Africa
The African Pygmy Kingfisher has blue upperparts;  dark blue crown; violet ear swath; rufous underparts; white throat.
Similar to: African Dwarf Kingfisher.. African Dwarf Kingfisher has dark blue crown; African Dwarf Kingfisher has rufous crown.
Similar to: Malachite Kingfisher. African Pygmy Kingfisher is smaller than Malachite Kingfisher and has violet ear swarth.
Image by: 1) Steve Garvie  - Abuko, The Gambia  2) Yoky - Lake Manyara National Park, Tanzania  3) Arno Meintjes



Genus Lacedo - 1 species

Kingfisher, Banded   Lacedo pulchella   Found: southeast Asia, Malaysia
The male Banded Kingfisher has chestnut forehead, cheeks, nape; blue crown; black with light blue bands on upperparts; pale rufous underparts with whitish central belly. Female has black-and-rufous banded upperparts; white underparts with some black bars on breast and flanks.
Image by: 1) Tom Tarrant - Borneo 2) Hyashi Haka  3) Francesco Veronesi - Thailand   4) Jason Thompson - Thailand 
1) Female 2, 3, 4) Male



Genus Pelargopsis
These are very large kingfishers. Their flight is flapping but direct. They inhabit well wooded habitats near water. They are territorial and will chase away eagles and other large predators. These species hunts crabs, fish, frogs, Sexes are similar.

Kingfisher, Brown-winged   Pelargopsis amauroptera   Found:Bangladesh, India, southeast Asia, Malaysia
The Borwn-winged Kingfisher has brown upperparts; orange-buff head, underparts.
Image by: 1) Jayanth Shama - India  2) Allan Drewitt - Thailand


Kingfisher, Stork-billed  Pelargopsis capensis   Found: India, souheast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines
The Stork-billed Kingfisher has greenish-blue upperparts; gray head; buff neck, underparts; red legs; bill.
Image by: 1) Lip Kee - Singapore  2) David Cook - Sri Lanka  3) Michael Khor - Singapore


Kingfisher, Great-billed   also   Black-billed Kingfisher   Pelargopsis melanorhyncha Found: Sulawesi (Indonesia)
The Great-billed Kingfisher is found on the island of Sulawesi and in the Sula Archipelago.
Image by: 1) Richard Sharpe   2, 3) AS Kono





Water Kingfishers

Family Alcedinidae   Subfamily Cerylinae

The water kingfishers are one of the three families of kingfishers. All American kingfischer species are in this family. These are all fish-eating species, unlike many representatives of the other two families.


Genus Ceryle - 1 species

Kingfisher, Pied Ceryle rudis   Found: Asia (including China and India), Africa
The Pied Kingfisher is black and white. It has upperparts barred in black; white underparts with black breast band; black eye-mask. Male has wide black collar; thin lower breast collar. Female has two separate marks on breast.
Similar to: Crested Kingfisher. Pied Kingfisher has clearly defined neck collar marks; Crested Kingfisher has smudged breast band.
Similar to: Giant Kingfisher. Pied Kingfisher has clearly defined neck collar marks; Giant Kingfisher has smudged breast band.
Image by:  1, 2) Arno Meintjes  3) Dick Daniels - Fish Eagle Lodge, Knysna Lagoon, Kenya   4, 5, 6) Dick - St. Lucia, South Africa  
1, 3, 4) Female 




Genus Chloroceryle
They nest in a horizontal river bank tunnel; have green upperparts. They are found in tropical Americas.
americana  Chloroceryle amazona   Found: South America
The Amazon Kingfisher is large and heavy. It has dark green upperparts, head; white collar, belly. Male has wide rufous breast band. Female has wide broken green breast band.
Similar to: Green Kingfisher. Amazon Kingfisher is much larger. Male Green Kingfisher has wider breast band. Female Green Kingfisher has 2 breast bands; female Amazon Kingfisher 1 broked breast band.
Image by: 1, 2) Len Blumin - Costa Rica  3, 5) Nick Athanas - Columbia, Brazil  4) Lip Kee Yap - Argentina 
1, 2) Female  3) Male



Kingfisher,_America_Pygmy  Chloroceryle aenea  Found: southern Mexico to South America
The American Pygmy Kingfisher is a small kingfisher. It has dark green upperparts with faint white dots; dark green head; yellow-orange collar; rufous breast, flanks; white belly. Female has narrow green breast band.
Similar to: Green-and-rufous Kingfisher. American Pygmy Kingfisher has white belly; Green-and-rufous Kingfisher has rufous belly.
Image by: 1) Alastair Rae  2) Carol Foil - Belize  3, 7) Nick Athanas - Costa Rica, Brazil  4) Gregory Smith - Ecuador  5) Jorge Montejo - Texas  6) Jerry Oldenettel - Belize
1, 2, 3) Female  4- 6) Male



Kingfisher, Green  Chloroceryle americana  Found: southwest USA to South America
The Green Kingfisher has dark green upperparts, head; white collar, belly. Male has rufous breast. Female has two green breast bands.
Similar to: Amazon Kingfisher. Amazon Kingfisher is much larger. Male Green Kingfisher has wider breast band. Female Green Kingfisher has 2 breast bands; female Amazon Kingfisher 1 broked breast band.
Similar to: Belted Kingfisher. The female Green Kingfisher has 2 belts on its underside, the male Belted Kingfisher has 1 belt. The male Green Kingfisher has a red breast; female Belted Kingfisher has red and white on its belly.
Similar to: Ringed Kingfisher. Ringed Kingfisher has more red on its underparts than Green Kingfisher.
Image by:  1, 6) Lip Kee - Argentina  2, 8) Jerry Oldenettel  - Costa Rica   3) Berniedup - Belize  4, 5  7) Cláudio Dias Timm - Brazil
1 - 5) Female  6, 7, 8) Male



Kingfisher,_Green-and-rufous  Chloroceryle inda  Found: Nicaragua to southern Brazil
The Green-and-rufous Kingfisher has dark green upperparts with light spots on wings; dark green head; rufous collar and underparts. Female has green breast band.
Similar to: American Pygmy Kingfisher. American Pygmy Kingfisher has white belly; Green-and-rufous Kingfisher has rufous belly.
Image by: 1) Yehudi Hernandez  2) Arthur Chapman - Bolivia  3) Nick Athanas - Brazil
1) Female 2, 3) Male



Genus Megaceryle
All are fish eaters. They have prominant head creast; gray or grayish-blue upperparts; white or rufous underparts; underparts pattern always different for the two sexes.

Kingfisher, Belted Megaceryle alcyon Found: North America to north South America
The Belted Kingfisher has dark blue to black head, back; white collar; blue breast band; white belly. Female has rufous lower breast band that extends to flanks.
Similar to: Green Kingfisher. The female Green Kingfisher has 2 belts on its underside, the male Belted Kingfisher has 1 belt. The male Green Kingfisher has a red breast; female Belted Kingfisher has red and white on its belly.
Similar to: Ringed Kingfisher. The male Ringed Kingfisher has a rufous breast and belly which is quite different from either sex of the Belted Kingfisher. The female Ringed Kingfisher has a rufous belly while the female Belted Kingfisher has a rufuous and white belly.
Image by:   1) Elaine R Wilson  - Blackie Spit Park, Crescent Beach, British Columbia
   2) Alan D Wilson - Audubon Sabal Palm Sanctuary, Brownsville, Texas 
   3, 4) Dick Daniels - North Carolina   5) Linda Tanner   6) Dick - Jamaica
1, 2, 3) Female  4, 5) Male



Kingfisher, Crested  also Himalayan Pied Kingfisher  Megaceryle lugubris  Found: Asia
The Crested Kingfisher is very large; has black and white upperparts, crested head; white underparts with black and white breast band. Somtimes there is some rufous on the breast.
Similar to: Pied Kingfisher. Pied Kingfisher has clearly defined neck collar marks; Crested Kingfisher has smudged breast band.
Image by: 1) Caesar Photography   2) Ron Knight


Kingfisher, Giant  Megaceryle maximus  Found: Africa
The Giant Kingfisher has blue or black upperparts with white freckles; white collar. Male has chestnut breast band; black spots on white belly. Female has black spotted white breast band; chestnut belly.
Similar to: Pied Kingfisher. Pied Kingfisher has clearly defined neck collar marks; Giant Kingfisher has smudged breast band.
Image by: 1) Ian White - Zambia  2) Joseph Mochoge - Gilgil, Kenya
   3) Louise Meinties  4) Arno Meintjes  5) Dick Daniels - St Lucia, South Africa
1) Female  2 - 5) Male


Kingfisher, Ringed  Megaceryle torquata  Found: Texas to South America
The Ringed Kingfisher has deep blue or grayish-blue upperparts and head; white collar; Male has rufous underparts. Female has gray or rufous breast; white breast ring; rufous belly.
Similar to: Belted Kingfisher. The male Ringed Kingfisher has a rufous breast and belly which is quite different from either sex of the Belted Kingfisher. The female Ringed Kingfisher has a rufous belly while the female Belted Kingfisher has a rufuous and white belly.
Similar to: Green Kingfisher. Ringed Kingfisher has more red on its underparts than Green Kingfisher.
Image by: 1) Jorge Cardenas - Chile  2) Joe McKenna - Panama  3) Frank Vassen - Costa Rica
    4, 5) Dario Sanches - Brazil 6) Claudio Timm - Brazil
1, 2, 3) female 4, 5, 6) Male






Tree Kingfishers

Family Alcedinidae   Subfamily Halcyoninae

The tree kingfishers are the most numerous of the three families of birds in the kingfisher group. Tree kingfishers are widespread through Asia and Australasia, but also appear in Africa and the islands of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, utilising a range of habitats from tropical rainforest to open woodlands. The tree kingfishers are short-tailed large-headed compact birds with long pointed bills. Most are monogamous and territorial, nesting in holes in trees or termite nests. Although some tree kingfishers frequent wetlands, none are specialist fish-eaters. Most species dive onto prey from a perch, mainly taking slow moving invertebrates or small vertebrates.


Genus Actenoides

Kingfisher, Blue-capped  also  Hombron's Kingfisher  Actenoides hombroni Found: Philippines
The Blue-capped Kingfisher is found in subtropical or tropical, moist, lowland forests and subtropical or tropical, moist, montane forests.
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Mohit_Kumar_Ghatak


Kingfisher, Green-backed   Actenoides monachus   Found: Indonesia
The Green-backed Kingfisher is restricted to north and central Sulawesi, and the islands of Manadotua and Lembeh. It can be found in the protected areas of Lore Lindu, Bogani Nani Wartabone, and Tangkoko Batuangus.
Image by: 1, 3) AS Kono - North Sulawesi   2) Francesco Veronesi - Sulawesi   4)  Ariefrahman - North Sulawesi


Kingfisher, Moustached   Actenoides bougainvillei   Found: Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
The Moustached Kingfisher is endemic to Bougainville Island in Papua New Guinea. It is very rare, seen perhaps once a decade.
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova  2) John Gerrard Keulemans


Kingfisher, Rufous-collared   Actenoides concretus  Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia
The Rufous-collared Kingfisher has black eye-line extending to nape; blue patch on side of throat. Male has rufous collar, breast; green crown. Female has green upperparts; speckled wing coverts.
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Jakob Wijkema  3) Mark Benedict - Borneo  4) Francesco Veronesi - Thailand



Kingfisher, Scaly-breasted  Actenoides princeps Found: Sulawesi (Indonesia)
The Scaly-breasted Kingfisher has dark brown back scalloped with buff; blue head; reddish-brown collar. Male has whitish-buff underparts; female underparts has dark barring.
Image by: 1, 3, 4) AS Kono  2) Jasonbkk
1, 2) Female 3, 4) Male


Kingfisher, Spotted  Actenoides lindsayi   Found: Philippines
The male Spotted Kingfisher has dark green upperparts with each feather tipped with buff giving spotted effect; dark green crown with black spots; pale blue supercilium; green stripe above supercilium and black band below. Female similar but less brightly colored and supercilium green instead of blue.
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Francesco Veronesi  3) Doing Big Year 3) Noel Reynolds
2) Female 3, 4) Male



Genus Caridonax - 1 species

Kingfisher, White-rumped   also  Glittering Kingfisher  Caridonax fulgidus  Found: Indonesia
iaage by: 1) John Gould  2) Yann_Muzika - Flores



Genus Cittura - 1 species

Kingfisher, Lilac  also   Celebes Flat-billed Kingfisher   Cittura cyanotis   Found: Sulawesi (Indonesia)
The male Lilac Kingfisher  has brown crown, back; rufous rump, tail; blue eye-mask with white line separating from crown; blue wings; whitish underparts; large red and flattened bill. Female has black maks.
Image by: 1) A. S. Kono   2, 3) Francesco Veronesi  4) Jason Thompson
1) Female 2, 3, 4) Male



Genus Clytoceyx - 1 species

Kookaburra, Shovel-billed   also  Shovel-billed Kingfisher   Clytoceyx rex   Found: New Guinea
The Shovel-billed Kookaburra has dark brown upperparts, head; rufous stripe behind eye; white throat; rufous collar, underparts; blue rump; heavy, short, thick bill. Male has dark bluish tail; female has rufous tail.
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova  2) Mark A Harper
1) Male



Genus Dacelo
The kookaburra species are found in Australia and New Guinea. Kookaburras are known to eat the young of other birds, mice, snakes, insects and small reptiles.

Kookaburra, Blue-winged Dacelo leachii   Found: Australia
The Blue-winged Kookaburra has a broad bill; cream-colored upper- and underparts barred with brownish markings; blue wings; brown shoulders. Male has blue tai tipped with whitel. Female has rufous tail with black stripes.
Image by: 1) Degilbo  2) Adrian Pingstone - Cotswold Wildlife Park, Oxfordshire, England  3) Macinate
1, 2) Female  3) Male


Kookaburra, Laughing  Dacelo novaeguineae    Found: Australia
The Laughing Kookaburra has a white or cream-colored body and head; brown eye-stripe, wings; rusty-orange tail with dark brown bars. Male has blue tail. Female has rufous tail with black stripes. Female has less blue to rump than male.
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4) Dick Daniels - Australia  5) Toby Hudson - Ashfield, NSW, Australia



Kookaburra, Rufous-bellied  Dacelo gaudichaud  Found: New Guinea
The Rufous-bellied Kookaburra has a black cap; rufous underparts; white bill. Male has blue tail tipped with white; female has rufous tail.
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Jerry Oldenettel - Papua New Guinea
1) Male bottom left; female top right.


Kookaburra, Spangled   Dacelo tyro   Found: New Guinea
The Spangled Kookaburra has bright blue wings, tail; white underparts; white spotted black head.
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Doug Janson - Jurong Bird Park, Singapore



Genus Halcyon
Halcyon kingfishers are mostly large birds with heavy bills. They occur in a variety of habitats, with woodland of various types the preferred environment for most. They are “sit and wait” predators of small ground animals including large insects, rodents, snakes, and frogs, but some will also take fish.

Kingfisher, Black-capped  Halcyon pileata  Found: Asia
The Black-capped Kingfisher has blue back, tail; black crown, wings; white neck, throat, breast; rufous belly; red bill, legs.
Image by: 1) JJ Harrison - Thailand  2) Johnny Wee   3, 4) Frankie Chu


Kingfisher, Blue-breasted   Halcyon malimbica   Found: west Afioca
The Blue-breasted Kingfisher has blue head, back, wing panel, tail; white underparts with blue breast band; black shoulders, eye-line; red upper bill; black lower bill.
Image by: 1) Josh More - Denver Zoo  2) JV Verde - The Gambia  3) Steve Garvie - The Gambia


Kingfisher, Brown-hooded Halcyon albiventris   Found: Africa
The male Brown-hooded Kingfisher has dark brown head, back, wings; pale neck, underparts; turquoise primary feathers, tail; red bill. Female has light brown instead of dark brown.
Similar to: Gray-headed Kingfisher.  Gray-headed Kingfisher has chestnut belly; Brown-hooded Kingfisher has white or light belly.
Image by: 1) Sias van Schalkwyk - South Africa  2) Arno Meintjes 3) Dick Daniels - Tanzania  4) Dick - Kruger National Park, South Africa
1, 2) Female  3, 4) Male


Kingfisher,_Chocolate-backed  Halcyon badia  Found: western sub-Saharan Africa
The Chocolate-backed Kingfisher  has brownish-black mantle; black back; dark brown head, hind-neck; blue rump; white throat, underparts.
Image by: 1) Walter_Jetz


Kingfisher, Gray-headed Halcyon leucocephala Found: Africa
The Gray-headed Kingfisher has gray head, nape; black back, wings; chestnut belly; turquoise primary wing feathers, tail; red bill.
Similar to: Brown-hooded Kingfisher.  Gray-headed Kingfisher has chestnut belly; Brown-hooded Kingfisher has white or light belly.
Image by: 1) Gip Gipukan  2) Alastair Rae  3) Dick Daniels - Tanzania  4) Arno Meintjes 


Kingfisher, Javan    Halcyon cyanoventris  Found: Indonesia
The natural habitat of the Javan Kingfisher is subtropical or tropical mangrove forests.
Image by: 1_ Lip Kee  - Bali 2) Ken San- Bali Bird Park


Kingfisher, Mangrove   Halcyon senegaloides   Found: east Africa
The Mangrove Kingfisher has blue back, tail; black shoulders; pale gray to white head neck, underparts; red bill.
Similar to: Woodland Kingfisher.  The Mangrove Kingfisher has red bill; Woodland Kingfisher has red upper mandible and black lower mandible.
Image by: 1) Paul Barnard - Zambia  2) Steve Garvie - Kenya  3) Ian White - Zambia


Kingfisher, Ruddy  Halcyon coromanda  Found: Asia
The Ruddy Kingfisher has a rust-red body which deepens to purple at the tail; red bill; legs
Image by: 1) Yasaiman - Ueno Zoo, Tokyo, Japan  2) Changhua Coast Conservation


Kingfisher, Striped Halcyon chelicuti   Found: Africa
The Striped Kingfisher has grayish-brown upperparts; off white underparts;  streaked brown crown; blue tail and wing tips.
Image by:  1) Arno Meintjes  2) Dick Daniels - Fish Eagle Lodge, Knysna Lagoon  3) Jerry Friedman - Kenya


Kingfisher, White-throated also White-breasted Kingfisher  Halcyon smyrnensis  Found: Europe, Asia
The White-throated Kingfisher has blue back, wings, tail; chestnut head, shoulders, flanks, lower belly; white throat, breast; red bill, legs.
Image by:  1) Dick Daniels - Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo   2, 3) Dick - San Diego Zoo   4) Shiva Shankar 


Kingfisher, Woodland Halcyon senegalensis   Found: Africa
The Woodland Kingfisher has a bright blue back, tail; black shoulders; pale brownish-gray forehead, crown, nape; red upper mandible, black lower mandible; white belly; red legs.
Similar to: Mangrove Kingfisher.  The Mangrove Kingfisher has red bill; Woodland Kingfisher has red upper mandible and black lower mandible.
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - Tanzania  3, 4) Arno Meintjes  5) Dick - San Diego Zoo  6) Sias van Schalkwyk - South Africa



Genus Melidora - 1 species

Kingfisher,_Hook-billed  Melidora macrorrhina  Found: New Guinea
The male Hook-billed Kingfisher has browqn upperparts with buff tips; black crown feathers with blue tips; black upper mandible; horn lower mandible; hooked tip of bill; whitish underparts. Female has green fringes to crown; buffy underparts.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Katerina_Tvardikova
2, 3) Male



Genus Syma

Kingfisher, Mountain
  Syma megarhyncha   Found: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
The Mountain Kingfisher has orange-yellow bill; orange head, nape; black nape patch; white throat; blue-green rump; blue tail.
Similar to: Yellow-billed Kingfisher. Mountain Kingfisher is found in highlands; Yellow-billed Kingfisher is found in lowlands.
Image by: 1) Planet Earth  2) Katerina_Tvardikova


Kingfisher, Yellow-billed Syma torotoro  Found: New Guinea and adjacent islands
The Yellow-billed Kingfisher has orange-yellow bill; orange head, nape; black nape patch; white throat; blue-green rump; pale orange-gray underparts; blue tail. Female has black crown patch.
Similar to: Mountain Kingfisher. Mountain Kingfisher is found in highlands; Yellow-billed Kingfisher is found in lowlands.
Image by: 1) Lee Hunter  2) Markaharper
1) Female   2) Male



Genus Tanysiptera
Found in: Australasia.

Kingfisher, Biak Paradise-  Tanysiptera riedelii  Found: Biak Island in Indonesia
The Biak Paradise-Kingfisher has glossy turquoise-blue upperparts, crown, nape; white rump; black under-wings; red bill; white underparts.
Image by: 1) Josephe Huet  2) Bram Demeulemeester
1) Color misleading - the dark portion fo the sketch should be blue.


Kingfisher,_Brown-headed_Paradise- Tanysiptera danae Found: Papua New Guinea
The male Brown-headed Paradise-Kingfisher blue wing-coverts; rufous-brown crown; red bill. Female has buff chin, throat.
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova  2) Markaharper


Kingfisher, Buff-breasted Paradise-  Tanysiptera sylvia Found: Australia, New Guinea
The male Buff-breasted Paradise-Kingfisher has blue crown; black eye-stripe continues to nape; rufous underparts;  red bill, feet; white lower back, rump; white patch on center of back; long white or blue-and-white tail feathers;
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova  2) Brisbane City Council  3) Carel van Kempen 4) Bernard Dupont - North Queensland  5) Jim_Bendon


Kingfisher,_Common_Paradise-  Tanysiptera galatea  Found: Australia, New Guinea
The male Common Paradise-Kingfisher has blue crown, wings; blue center tail feathers with white outer-tail feathers; white underparts, tail tip,
Image by: 1, 2) Katerina_Tvardikova  3) Francesco Veronesi - Halmahera
2) Female 3) Male


Kingfisher,_Kofiau_Paradise-   Tanysiptera ellioti   Found: Indonesian island of Kofiau
The Kofiau Paradise-Kingfisher has dark blue upperparts, rump; light blue crown; white tail, underparts.
Image by: 1) John_Gerrard_Keulemans  2) Papua Expeditions


Kingfisher,_Little_Paradise-   Tanysiptera hydrocharis  Found: New Guinea
The Little Paradise-Kingfisher has blue upperparts; white rump, underparts; red bill.
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova  2) John Gerrard Keulemans   3) Jan Veenstra
1) Adult and juvenile


Kingfisher,_Numfor_Paradise-   Tanysiptera carolinae   Found: Indonesian island of Numfor northwestern of New Guinea
The Numfor Paradise-Kingfisher has purplish-blue upperparts, underparts; white tail.
Image by: 1) SalvatoreChamu  2) Jessy_Eykendorp


Kingfisher,_Red-breasted  Tanysiptera nympha  Found: New Guinea
The Red-breasted Kingfisher has blue-black upperparts, crown; pink-red rump; orange-red bill;
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova  2) John Gerrard Keulemans



Genus Todiramphus
Members of Todiramphus are medium-sized kingfishers with flattened beaks. They are typically blue or blue-green above with pale underparts. They often have a pale collar and stripe over the eye. Many species are commonly found well away from water and feed largely on terrestrial animals such as insects and lizards. The nest is built in a cavity, most often in a tree. Most are found in Australasia.

Kingfisher,_Beach  Todiramphus saurophagus  Found: New Guinea, Soloman Islands
The Beach Kingfisher has grayish-blue upperparts; white head with dark half eye-line; white neck, underparts.
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova  2) Greg Miles - Papua New Guinea  3) Francesco_Veronesi


Kingfisher, Blue-and-white Todiramphus diops  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Paulo Alves  2) John Mittermeier


Kingfisher,_Blue-black  Todiramphus nigrocyaneus  Found: New Guinea
The male Blue-black Kingfisher has black-and-blue upperparts; blue crown; white throat. Underparts blue with (for some subspecies) rufous belly.
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova  2) Joseph_Wolf


Kingfisher,_Chattering  Todiramphus tutus  Found: French Polynesia.
The Chattering Kingfisher has blue-gree upperparts, crown; white throat, breast. It can be told from the Tahiti kingfisher by the complete white collar. It is found on Cook Islands and Society Islands.
Image by: 1) John_Gerrard_Keulemans


Kingfisher, Chestnut-bellied  also  Vanuatu Kingfisher  Todiramphus farquhari  Found: Vanuatu (1000 miles northeast of
The Chestnut-bellied Kingfisher has dark blue upperparts; white throat, collar, lores; orange underparts.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans


Kingfisher, Cinnamon-banded  Todiramphus australasia  Found: Indonesia, East Timor
Image by: 1) Ron Knight  2) Dubi_Shapiro


Kingfisher, Collared  Todiramphus chloris  Found: Asia, Australasia
The Collared Kingfisher has upperparts that vary from blue to green; underparts from white to buff; white collar; may be black eye-line; black bill with pale yellow base to the lower mandible. Females tend to be greener than males.
Similar to: Forest Kingfisher. Collared Kingfisher may have greenish upperparts; Forest Kingfisher always has blue upperparts.
Image by: 1, 6) Lip Kee - Singapore  2) Tom Tarrant   3) Johnny Wee   4) JJ Harrison - Thailand  5) Dick Daniels - Miami Zoo 
1) Juvenile  2) perhaps Female



Kingfisher,_Flat-billed  Todiramphus recurvirostris  Found:Samoa
The Flat-billed Kingfisher is the Samoan version of the Collared Kingfisher.
Image by: 1) John_Gerrard_Keulemans


Kingfisher, Forest  Todiramphus macleayii  Found: Australasia
The Forest Kingfisher is predominantly blue and white; white forehead; broad black eye-stripe; black bill, pale lower base.
Similar to: Collared Kingfisher. Collared Kingfisher may have greenish upperparts; Forest Kingfisher always has blue upperparts.
Image by: 1) David Cook - Lake Eacham, QLD, Australia  2) Frank Wouters  
    3) JJ Harrison - Daintree Village, Queensland, Australia


Kingfisher,_Guam  Todiramphus cinnamominus  Found: Guam
The Guam Kingfisher has blue upperparts; rusty-cinammon heads. Male has cinammon underparts; female has white underparts. It is restricted to a captive breeding program following its extinction in the wild due to the introduced brown tree snake.
Image by: 1) Kevin  3) Eric_Savage  2, 4) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo
1) Female   2) Male


Kingfisher,_Lazuli  Todiramphus lazuli  Found: southern Maluku Islands in Indonesia
The Lazuli Kingfisher has mainly blue and turquoise plumage; white belly.
Image by: 1) John_Gerrard_Keulemans  2) James_Eaton - Seram in Indonesia


Kingfisher,_Mangareva  Todiramphus gambieri  Found: French Polynesia
The Mangareva Kingfisher has mainly blue or green-blue upperparts; cream colored  head, neck; bluish line ro rear of eye; white chin. Crown has variable abount of blue. It only occurs on the island of Niau in the Tuamotus, French Polynesia. The Mangareva Kingfisher and Niau Kingfisher were formerly considered a subspecies of the Tuamotu Kingfisher.
Image by: 1) jan_veenstra


Kingfisher,_Mariana  Todiramphus albicilla  Found: Mariana Islands (northeast of Philippines)
The Mariana Kingfisher was formerly considered a subspecies of the Collared Kingfisher.
Image by: 1) Weedmandan


Kingfisher,_Marquesas  Todiramphus godeffroyi  Found: Marquesas Islands of French Polynesia
The Marquesas Kingfisher has bright blue-green lower back, rump, tail and wings; white head with blue eye-line behind eye; white mantle, underparts.
Image by: 1) copsychus


Kingfisher,_Melanesian  Todiramphus tristrami  Found: northeast of New Guinea
The Melanesian Kingfisher is found in the Bismarck Archipelago and the northwest and central Solomon Islands. It has blue to green upperparts; white or buff underparts.
Image by: 1) Geoff_Jones


Kingfisher,_Mewing also Mangaia Kingfisher  Todiramphus ruficollaris  Found: Mangaia in the Cook Islands
The Mewing Kingfisher has blue-green upperparts, cap; yellow-orange collar; white underparts.
Image by: 1) Donald_Macormack


Kingfisher,_New_Britain also White-mantled Kingfisher Todiramphus albonotatus  Found: New Britain off New Guinea
The New Britain Kingfisher has blue wings, tail; turquoise crown; thick black eye-line; white collar, underparts.
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova  2) David_Cook


Kingfisher,_Niau  Todiramphus gertrudae  Found:French Polynesia
The Niau Kingfisher has green back; blue wings; dusty orange head; white underparts; bluish line to rear of eye. It only occurs on the island of Niau in the Tuamotus, French Polynesia. The Mangareva Kingfisher and Niau Kingfisher were formerly considered a subspecies of the Tuamotu Kingfisher.
Image by: Jacq


Kingfisher,_Pacific  Todiramphus sacer  Found: South Pacific Islands
The Pacific Kingfisher was previously considered a subspecies of the Collared Kingfisher. Various subspecies re present on the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga, and American Samoa.
Image by: 1, 2) Tom Tarrant - Fiji


Kingfisher,_Palau also Rusty-capped Kingfisher  Todiramphus pelewensis  Found: Palau in Micronesia
The Palau Kingfisher was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the Micronesian kingfisher.
Image by: 1) JoAn_Ferguson


Kingfisher,_Pohnpei  Todiramphus reichenbachii  Found: Pohnpei of Micornesia
The Pohnpei Kingfisher was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the Micronesian kingfisher.
Image by: 1) Dylan_Kesler


Kingfisher, Red-Backed Todiramphus pyrrhopygius  Found: Australia
The Red-backed Kingfisher has a streaked green, white crown; bluish-green wings, tail; chestnut rump, upper tail coverts; white nape and upderparts; black band from base of bill, through eyes, and beyond; dark gray legs.
Image by: 1) Richard Fisher  2) Aviceda - Queensland  3) Malcolm Tattersall - Queensland


Kingfisher, Sacred  Todirhamphus sanctus  Found: Australia
The Sacred Kingfisher has turquoise upperparts, head; white throat, neck; yellowish-buff underparts.
Image by: 1) Flagstaffotos  2) David Cook - Willandra National Park, NSW, Australia 3) Oystercatcher


Kingfisher,_Society also Tahiti Kingfisher  Todiramphus veneratus  Found: French Polynesia
Image by: 1) Erica Spotswood


Kingfisher,_Sombre   Todiramphus funebris   Found: Halmahera (Indonesian island)
Image by: 1) Paulo Alvres  2) Pete_Morris


Kingfisher,_Talaud  Todiramphus enigma  Found: Indonesia
The Talaud Kingfisher is found on the Talaud Islands north of Sulawesi in Indonesia
Image by: 1) Hanom_Bashari


Kingfisher,_Torresian  Todiramphus sordidus  Found: Australia, New Guinea
The Torresian Kingfisher was formerly consider a subspecies of the Collared Kingfisher.
Image by: 1) Katerina_Tvardikova


Kingfisher,_Ultramarine  Todiramphus leucopygius  Found:Bougainville Island and the Solomon Islands
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Tony_Morris


Kingfisher,_Vanuatu  Todiramphus farquhari  Found: Vanuatu
The Vanuatu Kingfisher has dark blue upperparts; mainly black head; white lores, throat, collar. The only other kingfisher in Vanuatu is the Pacific Kingfisher which has paler blue-green upperparts, whiter underparts and a buff stripe above the eye
Image by: 1) John_Gerrard_Keulemans





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