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GALLIFORMES

Galliformes are heavy-bodied ground-feeding domestic or game birds. Most are plump-bodied with thick necks and moderately long legs, and have rounded and rather short wings. They do not fly well if at all, but walk and run instead for transportation. These birds vary greatly in size from 12-120 cm. Many adult males have one to several sharp horny spurs on the back of each leg, which they use for fighting. They can be found worldwide and in a variety of habitats, including forests, deserts, and meadows. Male courtship behavior includes elaborate visual displays of plumage. Gallinaceous birds feed on a variety of plant and animal material, which may include fruits, seeds, leaves, shoots, flowers, tubers, roots, insects, snails, worms, lizards, snakes, small rodents, and eggs.

Some of the Gallifrom families:
Cracidae: chachalac, curassow, guan.  Numididae : Guineafowl   Odontophoridae : New World Quail
Phasianidae: francolin, grouse, partridge, pheasant, Old World quail.



Partridge

Order Galliformes    Family Phasianidae  

Partridges are birds non-migratory birds in family Phasianidae. Most are naturally found in Asia; a few also in Africa and Europe. Some have been introduced around the world as game birds. These are medium-sized birds, intermediate between the larger pheasants and the smaller quails. They are ground-nesting seed-eaters.


Genus Alectoris
Found in: Asia, Europe and some introduced elsewhere..

Chukar  Alectoris chukar   Found: North America (introduced), Europe, Asia
The Chukar has light brown upperparts; gray breast; buff belly; white face and neck outlined in black; streak flanks; red legs, bill.
Similar to: Himalayan Snowcock. Only the heads of Chukar and Himalayan Snowcock are similar.
Similar to: Partridge, Red-legged. The sharply defined gorget distinguishes the Chukar from the Red-legged Partridge which has the black collar breaking into dark streaks near the breast.
Similar to: Rock Partridge. The white of the upper breast extends lower for the Rock Partridge than the Chukar, The Chukar has a wider black border at the bottom of this white area.
Image by:  1) Jim Larson - Idaho  2, 3) Dick Daniels  - Hawaii   4) Charlie Westerinen - Nevada


Partridge,_Arabian  Alectoris melanocephala  Found: southern Arabian peninsula
The Arabian Partridge has bluish-gray upperparts; black crown, nape; broad white band above eye; pale brown side of neck; dark barring on flanks; pink bill, legs.
Image by: 1) Haplochromis  2) Tuxyco


Partridge, Barbary  Alectoris barbara  Found: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco
The Barbary Partridge has gray-brown upperparts; gray breast; buff belly; light gray face; reddish-brown gorget; rufous streaked white flanks; red bill, legs.
Image by: 1) John Gould  2, 3) Fritz Van der Meer


Partridge, Philby's  Alectoris philbyi  Found: southwestern Arabia, Yemen
The Philby's Partridge has brown upperparts; gray breast; black cheeks, throat.;
Image by: F. Spangenberg


Partridge,_Przevalski's  Alectoris magna  Found: China
Image by: 1) Sergey_Volkov


Partridge, Red-legged Alectoris rufa   Found: North America (introduced), Europe, New Zealand (introduced)
The Red-legged Partridge has light brown upperparts;  gray breast; buff belly; white face and throat outlined with black; rufous streaked flanks; red legs.
Similar to: Chukar. The sharply defined gorget distinguishes the Chukar from the Red-legged Partridge which has the black collar breaking into dark streaks near the breast.
Image by: 1) Mark Medcalf - Scotland  2, 3) Arturo Nikolai  4) Jeremy Atkinson - Wales, UK


Partridge, Rock  Alectoris graeca  Found: southeastern Europe, southwestern Asia
The Rock Partridge has a light brown back; gray breast; buff belly; white throat and neck outlined in black; rufous streaked flanks; red legs.
Similar to: Chukar. The white of the upper breast extends lower for the Rock Partridge than the Chukar, The Chukar has a wider black border at the bottom of this white area.
Image by: 1) Richard Bartz  2) Fokus Natur



Genus Ammoperdix
Found in: Africa, Asia

Partridge, Sand  Ammoperdix heyi  Found: northern Africa (Eygpt), Asia (Arabia)
The Sand Partridge has mainly sandy-brown plumage; wavy flank stripes. Male has gray head; white eye stripe. Female is washed out version of male without the strong face pattern.
Image by:   1, 2) le Jeune and Pretre  3) Marcel Holyoak - Israel
1) Female  2, 3) Male


Partridge,_See-see Ammoperdix griseogularis Found: Turkey through Syria and Iraq; east to Iran and Pakistan
The male See-see Partridge has mainly sandy-brown plumage; wavy pale and brown flank stripes; black eye-stripe. Female is washed out version of male.
Image by: 1) Durzan_cîrano  2) Tommy_Pedersen
1) Female  2) Male



Genus Arborophila
Found in: Asia. These partridges are fairly small and often brightly marked.

Partridge, Bar-backed  Arborophila brunneopectus  Found: Asia
Image by: 1, 2) JJ Harrison - Thailand  3) Jason_Thompson - Thailand
1) Male 2) Female


Partridge, Chestnut-bellied  also Chestnut-bellied Hill Partridge  Arborophila javanica  Found: Indonesia
The Chestnut-bellied Partridge has a brown wings; rufous crown, nape; gray breast; red legs, facial skin; black mask, chin, bill.
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo


Partridge,_Chestnut-breasted  Arborophila mandellii   Found: Asia
The Chestnut-breasted Partridge has rufous crown; white supercilium; white gorget; chestnut upper-breast; light gray belly.
Image by: 1) Gauray_Katana


Partridge,_Chestnut-headed  Arborophila cambodiana   Found: Cambodia, Vietnam
Image by: 1) James_Eaton


Partridge,_Chestnut-necklaced  Arborophila charltonii   Found: Borneo, Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra
The Chestnut-necklaced Partridge is closely related to the Vietnam Partridge and Scaly-breasted Partridge.
Image by: 1) Mark_Louis_Benedict


Partridge,_Gray-breasted  Arborophila orientalis   Found: Java (Indonesia)
The Gray-breasted Partridge has mainly gray plumage; dark crown; mostly white head with dark crown and nape; red bare skin around eye; black bill; red legs.
Image by: 1) Pierre_de_Chabannes


Partridge, Hainan  Arborophila ardens  Found: South China (Hainan Island)
Image by: 1) John Kuelmans  2) Liang_Wei


Partridge,_Hill also Common Hill Partridge  Arborophila torqueola   Found: Asia
The male Hill Partridge has orange crown; black face with orange patch; gray breast; white belly.
Image by: 1)  John_Corder  2) Nicolas_LeJeune 3) Umeshsrinivasan
1) Female 2, 3) Male


Partridge,_Orange-necked  Arborophila davidi   Found: Cambodia, Vietnam
Image by: 1) del_Hoyo


Partridge,_Red-billed  Arborophila rubrirostris   Found: Sumatra (Indonesia)
The Red-billed Partridge is the only member of the genus Arborophila where the bill is completely red (others have either a yellow-tipped red bill or a black bill).
Image by: 1) Salvatore_Chamu  2) James_Eaton


Partridge,_Red-breasted  Arborophila hyperythra   Found: Borneo
Image by: 1) John_Gerrard_Keulemans  2) hjcv


Partridge,_Rufous-throated  Arborophila rufogularis   Found: China, India, southeast Asia
Image by: 1) JJ_Harrison - thailand  2) Jerry_Oldenettel - thailand


Partridge, Scaly-breasted  Arborophila chloropus  Found: Asia
The Scaly-breasted Partridge Partridge is closely related to the Vietnam Partridge and Chestnut-necklaced Partridge.
Image by:  1, 2) JJ Harrison - Thailand


Partridge,_Sichuan  Arborophila rufipectus   Found: China
Image by: 1) Zhang_Yong


Partridge, Taiwan  Arborophila crudigularis  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Hiyashi Haka  2) Francesco Veronesi


Partridge,_Vietnam  also  Annam Partridge  Arborophila merlini   Found: Vietnam
The Vietnam Partridge has finely barred brown back; paler head with brown crown; brown scaly upper-breast; buff rest of underparts with arrow markings on flanks. It is closely related to the Scaly-breasted Partridge and Chestnut-necklaced Partridge.
Image by: 1) hbw.com


Partridge,_White-cheeked  Arborophila atrogularis   Found: Bangladesh, China, India, Myanmar
Image by: 1) Hume_and_Marshall  2) Robert_Tizard


Partridge, White-necklaced   Arborophila gingica  Found: southeastern China
Image by: 1) Spangenberg   2) Peter_Stubbs



Genus Bambusicola
Found in: Asia

Partridge, Chinese Bamboo  Bambusicola thoracicus  Found: China and Taiwan
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Richard2Formosa - Chushan Town, Taiwan  4) Nkenji


Partridge, Mountain Bamboo-  Bambusicola fytchii  Found: Asia
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels  3) Brian Gratwicke



Genus Caloperdix - 1 species
Found in: Asia

Partridge,_Ferruginous  Caloperdix oculeus  Found: Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand
Image by: 1) Thomas_Hardwicke 2) Alex_Vargas



Genus Haematortyx - 1 species

Partridge,_Crimson-headed  Haematortyx sanguiniceps  Found: Borneo
Image by: 1) unknown



Genus Lerwa - 1 species

Partridge,_Snow  Lerwa lerwa    Found: India, Pakistan, Nepal, China
The Snow Partridge has gray upperparts finely barred in black and white; dark tail barred in white; chestnut underparts; red bill, legs.
Image by: 1) Dibyendu_Ash - India



Genus Margaroperdix = 1 species
Found in: Africa

Partridge, Madagascar  Margaroperdix madagascarensis  Found: Madagascar
Image by: 1) Nocolas la Jeune   2) Dick Daniels - near Isalo, Madagascar  3) Casey Tucker



Genus Melanoperdix - 1 species
Found in: Asia

Partridge,_Black  Melanoperdix niger   Found: southeast Asia
The male Black Partridge has glossy black plumage; black bill. Female has chestnut-brown upperparts; whitish throat, underparts.
Image by: 1) Untung_Sarmawi



Genus Perdix
Found in: Asia

Partridge,_Daurian  Perdix dauurica  Found: Asia
The Daurian Partridge has brown back; gray head with orange face; gray underparts with buff central breast and black belly patch.
Image by: 1) Joseph_Wolf  2, 3) Boldbaatar_Jambaldorj


Partridge, Gray   Perdix perdix  Found: North America (introduced), Europe, Asia
Similar to: Gray Francolin. Gray Francolin has horizontally striped neck and breast; Gray Partridge has solid gray breast.
Image by: 1) Marek Szczepanek  2) Huhu Uet   3) OldBilluk  4) David Mitchell
1, 2) Female  3, 4) Male


Partridge,_Tibetan  Perdix hodgsoniae  Found: Tibetan plateau
The Tibetan Partridge has a brown back; black and white face pattern; chestnut flanks; blackish belly patch.
Image by: 1) reurinkjan  2) zqr001



Genus Ptilopachus
Found in: Africa. Some put this genus with the New World partridge family.

Partridge, Nahan's  also  Nahan's Francolin  Ptilopachus nahani   Found: DR Congro, western Uganda
The Nahan's Partridge has brownish upperparts; black-and-white head, underparts; red eye-ring.
Image by: 1) Dubois,_Alphonse


Partridge, Stone  Ptilopachus petrosus  Found: Africa
The Stone Partridge has chocolated brown upperparts; paler brown head, neck, breast. Broad cream edging to the feathers give the bird a scaled appearance. Male has orange-cream lower breast, belly. Female has very pale cream lower breast, belly. Both sexes raise their crown feathers to form a rudimentary crest but the feathers of females are somewhat longer and hence more obvious when raised.
Image by: 1) Liki Fumei  2) Francesco Veronesi - Gambia



Genus Rhizothera - 1 species
Found in: southeast Asia

Partridge,_Long-billed  Rhizothera longirostris   Found: Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo
Image by: 1) unknown  2) Yeo_Siew_Teck



Genus Rollulus - 1 species
Found in: Asia

Partridge, Crested Wood  also Roul Roul  Rollulus rouloul  Found: Asia
The male Crested (Wood) Partridge has metallic green upperparts; dark blue underparts; brownish wing panel; tall red crest; white forehead patch. Female has mainly pea-green plumage; brown wing coverts; slate-gray head.
Image by: 1) Trisha Shears at the Cincinnati Zoo  2) Sandy Cole - North Carolina Zoo  3, 4) Dick Daniels - North Carolina Zoo 
1) Female 2 - 4) Male



Genus Tetraophasis
Monal-partridges are strictly monogamous. The female incubates the eggs until the last 48 hours when the male may take over. They are boreal adapted species of high altitude.

Partridge,_Szechenyi's  also Buff-throated Partridge  Tetraophasis szechenyii Found: China, India
Image by: 1) Naturgucker  2) characters


Partridge,_Verreaux's_Monal- also Chestnut-throated Partridge Tetraophasis obscurus Found: China, India
Image by: 1) John_Gould  2) Tang_Jung



Genus Xenoperdix - 1 species
Found in: Africa

Partridge,_Udzungwa  Xenoperdix udzungwensis   Alectoris chukar  Found: Tanzania
The Udzungwa Partridge has olive-brown upperparts and crown with barring; rufous face; gray underparts with black spots; red bill; brown eyes; yellow legs.
Image by: 1) Salvatore_Chamu





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