BIRDS of THE WORLD - An Online Bird Book


The Emberizidae family includes brush-finches, buntings, juncos, New World sparrows, and towhees. The majority of these birds live in the New World where the family probably originated. They are small seed-eaters with a finch-like bill. In addition to seeds they also eat insects, especially when feeding their young. They build cup-shaped nests.


Order Passeriformes   Family Emberizidae

A junco is a small North American bird. Their breeding habitat is coniferous or mixed forest areas throughout North America. These birds forage on the ground. In winter, they often forage in flocks. They eat mainly insects and seeds. They usually nest in a well-hidden location on the ground or low in a shrub or tree.

Genus Junco

Junco, Dark-eyed Junco hyemalis Found: North America
The Dark-eyed Junco has gray head, neck, breast; gray or brown back, wings; white belly. There is much variation in the plumage details.
Image by: 1, 2) Alan D. Wilson - British Columbia  3)  J. N. Stuart - New Mexico  4 John Breitsch - Colorado   5) Dick - New Hampshire  6, 7, 8, 9) Dick Daniels - North Carolina   
1, 2) Oregon   3) Pink-sided   4) White-winged 5, 6, 7, 8, 9) Slate-colored
1) Male  2) Female 5) Juvenile

Junco, Guadalupe   Junco insularis  Found: Guadalupe Island (off west coast of Mexico
The Volcano Guadalupe has brown upperparts; blackish wings, tail; grayish head, upper-breast; whitish rest of underparts.
Image by: 1) Alan Harper

Junco, Volcano  Junco vulcani  Found: Costa Rica, Panama
The Volcano Junco has brown upperparts with dark streaks; dark fringed wings and tail feathers; gray underparts; gray head with black mask; yellow eyes; pink legs, bill.
Image by: 1) Muchaxo - Costa Rica  2) Tom Benson - Costa Rica   3) Don Faulkner - Costa Rica

Junco, Yellow-eyed Junco phaeonotus Found: Arizona, New Mexico, Mexico
The Yellow-eyed Junco has gray head; yellow eyes surrounded by black; rufous back, wings; gray breast; off-white belly; bicolored bill.
Image by:  1) Mike and Chris  2) 666isMONEY

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