THRUSHes of Europe

Thrushes are plump, soft-plumaged, small to medium-sized birds, inhabiting wooded areas, and often feed on the ground or eat small fruit. Most species are gray or brown in color, often with speckled underparts. Even if the adults do not have these speckles, the juveniles often will. They are insectivorous, but most species also eat worms, snails, and fruit. Thrushes build cup-shaped nests, sometimes lining them with mud. They lay two to five speckled eggs, sometimes laying two or more clutches per year. Both parents help in raising the young. The songs of some species are considered to be among the most beautiful in the avian world.
[abstracted from Wikipedia]


The True Thrushes

Order Passeriformes    Family Turdidae

Many of the "true thrushes" have songs that are very pleasing to humans. A good example is the common blackbird that is occurs naturally in Europe, Asia, Africa and has been intrioduced into Australia and New Zealand. Another popular true thrush is the American Robin, which is unrelated to the European Robin which is not even a thrush. The true thrushes are medium sized brids.

Genus Turdus


Blackbird also Common Blackbird  Turdus merula   Found: Europe, Asia, Africa. Introduced: Australiasia
The male Common Blackbird has black plumage; yellow eye-ring, bill. Female has dark brown plumage; some mottling on breast; faint yellow eye-ring; yellow bill. Blackbirds are related to song thrushes (Turdus philomelos) and also have a wonderful song.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - New Zealand   2, 4, 5) DIck - England  3) Dick - Meolbourne, Australia
1) Juvenile  2) Female  3, 4) Male   4) Demonstrates partial albinism which is not uncommon.



Fieldfare  Turdus pilaris Found: North America (rare), Europem, Asia, north Africa
The Fieldfare has plain brown upperparts; darker wings, tail; heavily spotted breast, flanks; reddish wash to breast; rest of underparts are white.
Image by: 1) Sergy Yeliseev   2) Edwin Anderton - England   3) Cristiano Crolle - Val d'Aosta, Italy  4) Martin Olsson - Sweden  5) Charlie Westerinen - Cochem, Germany


Ouzel, Ring  Turdus torquatus  Found: Europe
The Ring Ouzel has mainly black plumage; white feather edging visible on underparts. Male has white cresent on breast. Female similar and duller. Juvenile brown and may lack white crescent. It is the mountain equivalent of the closedly related Common Blackbird.
Image by: 1) Photo Nature   2) Stefan Berndisson  3) Frank Vassen   4) Andreas Trepte  5) Steve Garvie - Glenturret, Scotland  5) Mark Putney



Redwing  Turdus iliacus  Found: Europe, Asia
The Redwing has brown upperparts; white underparts with brown spots; red flanks, underwings; whitish supercilium.
Image by: 1) Bruce McAdam - Iceland  2) Andreas Trepte  3) MPF - Northumberland, UK


Thrush, Black-throated  Turdus atrogularis  Found: Europe, Asia
The male Black-throated Thrush has gray upperparts; black throat, upper-breast; whitish lower-breast; belly. Female and immatures similar except black replaced with dusky streaking.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Sergey Pisarevskiy - South Siberia, Russia


Thrush, Dusky  Turdus eunomus  Found: Europe (Ukraine), Asia
The Dusky Thrush has brown upperparts; rufous wings; black face; broad white supercilium; white throat; white belly with black spots; black bill with yellow base.
Image by: Jerry Gunner - southern Japan  2) Lip Kee - Japan  3) Alpsdake - Japan  4) Hiyashi Haka


Thrush, Mistle  Turdus viscivorus   Found: Europe, Asia
The Mistle Thrush has gray-brown upperparts; grayish-white chin, throat; pale eye-ring; black spots on its yellowish-off white underparts.
Image by:  1) Crusier - Karpacz, Poland  2) Dean Morley   3, 4) Sergey Pisarevskiy - south Siberia, Russia 


Thrush, Song Turdus philomelos   Found: Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia (introduced)
The Song Thrush has brown upperparts; cream or buff underparts with black spots.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) DIck Daniels - Scotland  4) Cristiano Crolle - Castellazzo di Bollate, Italy





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