GALLIFORMES of Europe

Galliformes are heavy-bodied ground-feeding domestic or game birds. Most are plump-bodied with thick necks and moderately long legs, and have rounded and rather short wings. They do not fly well if at all, but walk and run instead for transportation. These birds vary greatly in size from 12-120 cm. Many adult males have one to several sharp horny spurs on the back of each leg, which they use for fighting. They can be found worldwide and in a variety of habitats, including forests, deserts, and meadows. Male courtship behavior includes elaborate visual displays of plumage. Gallinaceous birds feed on a variety of plant and animal material, which may include fruits, seeds, leaves, shoots, flowers, tubers, roots, insects, snails, worms, lizards, snakes, small rodents, and eggs.

Some of the Gallifrom families:
Cracidae: chachalac, curassow, guan.  Numididae : Guineafowl   Odontophoridae : New World Quail
Phasianidae: francolin, grouse, partridge, pheasant, Old World quail.



Partridge

Order Galliformes    Family Phasianidae   

Partridges are birds non-migratory birds in family Phasianidae. Most are naturally found in Asia; a few also in Africa and Europe. Some have been introduced around the world as game birds. These are medium-sized birds, intermediate between the larger pheasants and the smaller quails. They are ground-nesting seed-eaters.


Genus Alectoris
Found: Asia, Europe and some introduced elsewhere..

Chukar  Alectoris chukar   Found: North America (introduced), Europe, Asia
The Chukar has light brown upperparts; gray breast; buff belly; white face and neck outlined in black; streak flanks; red legs, bill.
Similar to: Himalayan Snowcock. Only the heads of Chukar and Himalayan Snowcock are similar.
Similar to: Partridge, Red-legged. The sharply defined gorget distinguishes the Chukar from the Red-legged Partridge which has the black collar breaking into dark streaks near the breast.
Similar to: Rock Partridge. The white of the upper breast extends lower for the Rock Partridge than the Chukar, The Chukar has a wider black border at the bottom of this white area.
Image by:  1) Jim Larson - Idaho  2, 3) Dick Daniels  - Hawaii   4) Charlie Westerinen - Nevada


Partridge, Red-legged Alectoris rufa   Found: North America (introduced), Europe, New Zealand (introduced)
The Red-legged Partridge has light brown upperparts;  gray breast; buff belly; white face and throat outlined with black; rufous streaked flanks; red legs.
Similar to: Chukar. The sharply defined gorget distinguishes the Chukar from the Red-legged Partridge which has the black collar breaking into dark streaks near the breast.
Image by: 1) Mark Medcalf - Scotland  2, 3) Arturo Nikolai  4) Jeremy Atkinson - Wales, UK


Partridge, Rock  Alectoris graeca  Found: southeastern Europe, southwestern Asia
The Rock Partridge has a light brown back; gray breast; buff belly; white throat and neck outlined in black; rufous streaked flanks; red legs.
Similar to: Chukar. The white of the upper breast extends lower for the Rock Partridge than the Chukar, The Chukar has a wider black border at the bottom of this white area.
Image by: 1) Richard Bartz  2) Fokus Natur






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