The Emberizidae family includes brush-finches, buntings, juncos, New World sparrows, and towhees. The majority of these birds live in the New World where the family probably originated. They are small seed-eaters with a finch-like bill. In addition to seeds they also eat insects, especially when feeding their young. They build cup-shaped nests.


Order Passeriformes   Family Emberizidae

The buntings on this page belong to the Emberizidae family. These buntings are predominantly found in the Old World and most belong to genus Emberiza. There are also birds called buntings in the Cardinalidae family.

Genus Emberiza

Bunting, Cirl  Emberiza cirlus  Found: southern  Europe, northern Africa
The Cirl Bunting has heavily streaked brown back; black crown, eye-stripe, throat; yellow underparts with greenish breast band. Female has chestnut shoulders; streaked gray-brown rump.
Image by: 1, 3`) Paco Gomez - Spain  2, 4) Fra298
1, 2) Female 3, 4) Male

Bunting, Cretzschmar's  Emberiza caesia  Found: Greece, eastern edge Mediteeranean
The breeding male Cretzschmar's Bunting has brown upperparts with heavy streaking; gray head with orange mustache; rusty-orange underparts; pink bill.
Image by: 1) Michael Sveikutis  2) Werner Witte - Turkey

Bunting, Ortolan  Emberiza hortulana   Found: Europe, Asia, Africa
The Ortolan Bunting has brown upperparts; grayish head; yellowish-orange underparts; light eye-ring.
Image by: 1) Johann Naumann  2, 4, 6) JV Verde - Portugal    3) Andrej Chudy  5) Sergey Pisarevskiy - Russia

Bunting, Red-headed  Emberiza bruniceps   Found: western Europe, Asia
The breeding male Red-headed Bunting has green upperparts; bright yellow underparts; brownish-red face, breast. Female has paler underparts; gray-brown back; grayish head.
Image by: 1) Jan Svetlik - Kazakhstan  2) Ken and Nyetta - Kazakhstan
1) Female 2, 3) Male

Bunting, Reed  Emberiza schoeniclus   Found: Europe, Asia
The male Reed Bunting has a black head, throat; white neck collar; pale streaked underparts; heavily streaked brown back.  Female is duller with streaked brown head and more streaked underparts.
Similar to: Palla's Bunting. Male Reed Bunting has brown back; male Palla's has gray back. Female Reed Bunting ahs dark throat; female Palla's Bunting has light throat.
Image by: 1) Ian-S  2, 3) Andreas Trepte   4) OldBilluk  5) Cristiano Crolle - Adda River,  Italy
1, 2) Female  3, 4, 5) Male

Bunting, Rock  Emberiza cia  Found: Africa, Asia, Europe
The male Rock Bunting has streaked upperparts; unmarked deep buff underparts; pale gray head with black striping. Female paler than male.
Similar to: Godlewski Bunting. Rock Bunting has bolder head pattern than Godlewski Bunting.
Image by: 1) Joseph Wolf  2) Q Ilex   3) Martien Brand - Europe  4) Cristobal Rueda
2) Female 3, 4) Male

Bunting, Rustic  Emberiza rustica  Found: Europe, Asia
The Rustic Bunting has white underparts; reddish flanks; white supercilium; pink legs, lower mandible. Breeding male has black head; white throat; reddish breast band. Female has heavily streaked brown back, face.
Image by: 1) KjetilHansen - Agåa, Hedmark, Norway   2, 3) Hiyashi Halso

Bunting, Yellow-breasted  Emberiza aureola  Found: Europe, Asia
The breeding male Yellow-breasted Bunting has bright yellow underparts; black flank streaks; black face and throat bar; pink lower mandible. Female has heavily streaked gray-brown back; yellow underparts; light face with dark crown;
Image by:  1) Martin Vavrik - Svjatoj Nos peninsula, Lake Bajkal  2) Frankie Chu   3,  4) Hiyashi Halso  5) Sergey Yeliseev - Altajskij, Russia 
1) Female  2) Nonbreeding male  3, 4,5) Breeding male

Genus Miliaria - 1 species

Bunting, Corn  Miliaria calandra also Emberiza calandra    Found: Europe, Asia, Africa 
The Corn Bunting has streaked gray-brown upperparts; whitish underparts; light eye-ring. It breeds across southern and central Europe, north Africa and Asia across to Kazahkstan. It is mainly resident, but some birds from colder regions of central Europe and Asia migrate southwards in winter.
Image by: 1) Matthieu Gauvain   2) Mick Sway  3) JV Verde - Portugal  4) Blake Matheson - Iberia  5) Cristiano Crolle  - Monfrague, Spain

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