WATERFOWL of The World

The order Anseriformes contains about 150 living species of birds All species in the order are web-footed for efficient swimming and have a large wide bill with a specialized tongue that allows water to be sucked in the front of the bill. An array of plates traps food particles as the water is expelled out the sides of the bill. Not all species feed this way, some graze on plants and some also catch fish.

Anseriformes has 3 familes, but almost all of the species belong to Anatidae.
Family Anatidae: dabbling ducks, teals, diving ducks, sea duck, shelducks, geese.
Family Anatidae: stiff-tailed ducksswans, whistling ducks,
Family Anhimidae: screamers
Family Anseranatidae: magpie goose

Other species resemble the waterfowl of Anseriformes.
Order Gaviiformes, Family Gaviidae: loons
Order Gruiformes, Family Rallidae: coots, moorhens, crakes, rails
Order Podicipediformes, Family Podicipedidae: grebes


EUROPEAN Diving Ducks

Order Anseriformes    Family Anatidae 
 


The diving ducks, commonly called pochards or scaups, are a category of duck which feed by diving beneath the surface of the water. They are mainly found in the northern hemisphere. To aid in their swimming under water for food, diving ducks tend to be denser than dabbling ducks and their legs placed further back on their body. They are ungainly walking on ground and their takeoff for flying is labored.


Genus Aythya

Duck, Ferruginous also Ferruginous Pochard Aythya nyroca  Found: Europe, Asia
The male Ferruginous Duck has chestnut head, sides, and underparts; brown back; yellowish eye; white undertail. Female is similar but duller and with a dark eye.
Image by: 2) Dick Daniels - Birds of Eden, South Africa  3) Sandy Cole - San Diego Zoo   4) Dick - Sylvan Heights  5) Cristiano Crolle - Racconigi, Italy
1) Female 2, 3, 4) Male


Duck, Ring-necked Aythya collaris   Found: North America, South America (rare), Europe (rare)
The Ring-necked Duck has a difficult to observe cinnamon neck ring. It has a white band near the tip of its gray bill and a white ring near the base of the bill. Male has shiny black upperparts, head, neck, and breast; gray sides. Female is brown with gray-brown head, white eye-ring.
Similar to:: Tufted Duck. The Tufted Duck has a tuft at the back of its head, the Ring-necked Duck does not. Ring-necked Duck has a white band near the tip of the bill and a white ring near the base of the bill; the Tufted Duck has little / no white on or near its bill. Juvenile and female Ring-necked Duck has dark eye, white eye-ring; Tufted Duck has yellow eye, no eye-ring.
Image by:  1) Len Blumin - California  2) Alan Vernon - California  3) Rich Leche  4, 8) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights    5, 11) Alan D Wilson - Near San Diego, California  6) Dick - North Carolina  7) Hilary Chambers - United Kingdom
     9) Mdf - Toronto  10) Chad King
1) Juvenile  2- 6) Female  7) nonbreeding male  8 - 11) breeding male



Duck, Tufted Aythya fuligula   Found: North America, Europe, Asia, Africa
The Tufted Duck has a tuft on its head, yellow eyes, blue-gray bill. The male is black except for white flanks. The female is brown with darker head and back.
Similar to: Ringed-neck Duck. The Tufted Duck has a tuft at the back of its head, the Ring-necked Duck does not. Ring-necked Duck has a white band near the tip of the bill and a white ring near the base of the bill; the Tufted Duck has little / no white on or near its bill. Juvenile and female Ring-necked Duck has dark eye, white eye-ring; Tufted Duck has yellow eye, no eye-ring.
Similar to: Greater Scaup. The male Tufted Duck has a solid black back; the male scaup has barring on its back. The female Tufted Duck has little or no white at the base of its bill; the female scaup has substantial white at the base of its bill.
Image by:   1, 2, 7, 8, 10, 12) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights      3, 11) Dick - England   4) Frankie Chu   5) Duncan Brown - Scotland  6) Namisao  9) Sandy Cole - Sylvan Heights
1, 2) Pair  3 - 8) Female  9 - 12) Male


Pochard, Common   Aythya ferina  Found:  Europe, Asia
The male Common Pochard has a red head and neck, black breast and rump, large gray band on the bill, red eyes. The female has brown head, neck, and breast; light brown back; narrow gray band on the bill.
Image by: 1) Charlie Westerinen


Scaup, Greater  Aythya marila  Found: North America, Europe, Asia, Africa
The Greater Scaup has rounded head, bluish bill, yellow eyes. Male has black head, neck, breast, rump; white sides; gray back with fine lines. Female has dark brown head and back, lighter brown breast and sides, bright white area above the bill,
Similar to: Lesser Scaup.  Greater Scaups tend to have more rounded heads. The Greater Scaup male has a clear white border where it meets the vermiculated back while the Lesser Scaup male has a smudged region. Greater Scaups tend to have larger bills than Lesser Scaups. Lesser Scaup head tends to slope forward compared to Greater Scaup.
Image by: 1, 4, 6) Len Blumin - California  2) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights   3) Shanthanu Bhardwaj - Illinois   5) Dan Mullen - Wisconsin eclipse   7) Calibas - California   8) Jerry Oldenettel - California
1) Pair 2, 3) Female  4, 5) Male in eclipse  6) Nonbreeding male  7, 8, 9) Male



Genus Netta
Netta is a genus of diving ducks. Unlike other diving ducks, the Netta species are reluctant to dive, and feed more like dabbling ducks. These are gregarious ducks, mainly found on fresh water. They are strong fliers; their broad, blunt-tipped wings require faster wing-beats than those of many ducks and they take off with some difficulty.

Pochard, Red-crested Netta rufina   Found: North America (escapees), Europe, Asia, Africa
The male Red-crested Pochard has brown back, reddish-orange head, red bill, blackneck, black underparts with white flanks, black tail. Female has dark brown top of head and back, light brown sides, white lower part of head and neck, black bill with light tip. Nonbreeding male like female except has red bill.
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights  
1) Female  2 - 5) Male



Genus Marmaronetta - 1 species

Duck, Marbled also Marbled Teal  Marmaronetta angustirostris  Found: southern Eurasia, northern Africa  
Marbled Teal is grayish-brown overall, large light spots on upper back and flanks, dark lower back, dark rear part of head and dark eye patch.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights  4) Sandy Cole - Sylvan Heights  5) Cristiano Crolle - Racconigi, Italy





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